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DEPRECIATION OF MONEY.
will easily explain the mischievous con
sequences of a paper circulating medium, Sir ;-—The information you lately gave which can never possess the determinate to your readers respecting the state of the value of the precious metals; and also coinage in France, is conclusive evidence, teach us to justly appreciate the system of if indeed any proof be wanting beyond the " Great man now no more," and the what we daily experience, that it is not character of the greedy knaves and Imposbullion which has advanced in price, but tors who build their fortunes on the ruin our paper currency, which is alarmingly
of their country
Civis. depreciated below its nominal value. 1 21st April, 1811. am the better pleased with your statement because it clearly exposes the fallacious
OFFICIAL PAPERS. pretence that has been so idly urged, of the competition being merely between the Spain.-BATTLE OF BARROSA.-Disputes at gold and silver currency and not between Cadiz, relative to the conduct of the Spathe real money generally and paper. It niards in that Battle.--Cudiz, 29 March appears that the six-livres-piece, being 1911.-Concluded from page 1024.) about of the same intrinsic value as our
Letter of D. JUAN DE LA CRUZ MONTGEON, crown, is, in reality passing in France at
to D. Juan Jacinto LOPEZ, in consethe rate of only 18. 10d. while Spanish Dollars worth 4s. 6d. are passing with us
quence of the Letter of the English Ofat 58. Od, and,
ficer, inserted in the Conciso, No. 41.
common with every other person of any discernment, This letter, which is of very consideraforesee, cannot be kept in circulation even ble length, begins with complaining of at that price. Can any thing be more ob- the want of precision in the details of the vious, when even our wretched silver cur English Officer, either with regard to rency of counterfeit shillings and six- dates or the positions of the sections, corps, pences, which perhaps contain scarcely or divisions of the army.' To remedy this half the standard quantity of silver, has defect the writer sends to his friend a absolutely almost entirely disappeared ? If ground-plan of the whole, to illustrate the this will not convince the “ thinking nation" contents of his letter. He then proceeds that Bank notes are at a discount, I am to analyse the letter of the English Officer afraid that a complete vacuum in our in the following manner :-" He says in pockets can alone cure the defect in his letter, I know not what took place another quarter. ---Perhaps there never on the heights, after our troops left them,' was a question that resolved itself into a &c. To this I reply, that Brigadier Bemore narrow compass than the subject we gines and myself remained upon thema have now under discussion. If John Locke with the division under his command, were alive at this day, how would he laugh, which consisted of the company of musor rather how indignant would he feel, at keteers of Getares, a battalion of the his degenerate countrymen for their Queen, the regiments of Seguenza, Canwretched credulity and ignorance? What tabria, Ciudad Real, a hatialion of the would be his surprise at finding the press 'Walloons, another English battalion, 4, teem with a parcel of elaborate pamphlets; pieces of artillery, and all the baggage part to prove, and part to controvert a with the ammunition of the first and se. plain matter of fact : 'a truism as palpable cond division, with orders from the Gene. as that two and two make four ? --For ral in Chief to begin our retreat towards iny own part, Mr. Cobbett, I shall despair | the bridge, as soon as we saw the troops of the success of your arguments, how- repassing by it. We were in position at ever forcible, unless you can bestow com this place when the enemy were descried mon understanding enough upon the manæuvring to seize upon it, without " thinking people to make thero perceive knowing whether the English or Spaniards that an ounce of gold or of silver in bullion, would come to our assistance: if not secmnot be of more value than an equal weight cure of victory, we were at least in a si. thereof in coin. They must, according to tuation to perish in our ranks, in order to the very nature of things, be alike, allowing secure the retreat of our dear allies, which for that additional part of the value of coin also was carried into effect; it being seen which is constituted by the price of also how much our position threatened labour.----When the foregoing elemen- the enemy, the latter marched the whole tary proposition is clearly understood, it of his columns to attack the troops upon
it, and not the English, whom they could account to join the English line of batile, by no means see; a proof of this truth thus leaving open to ihe enemy the pass being, that when General Graham with wisich was ju my rear. Had ibat been his troops issued from the pine-wood, he done, so far from being victorious, we encountered those of the enemy, who had should liave been routed; for all the Eng. changed the direction of their columns on lish troops were in one line, and there account of our retreat, which D. Santiago were no others to manưurre but those Whittingliam conducted. - Having now which I commanded, and those which entered the pine-wood, I observed that supported me on my right flank, and the English light infantry had begun the which were commanded by Senor Begines. action with those of the enemy who fol. For this reason I marched still in close lowed us, and that the British army had column of formation against the force of returned by means of a countermarch, and the cavalry and infantry which was posted was beginning to form in line by wheel- in front of Casa-Blanca, accompanied by ing on its left, at the foot of a small height a squadron of English hussars. I ordered which the eneiny already occupied, with the remains of the first of Valencia, and whom a terrible fire had commenced; the companies of light infantry of Sithen the English battalion, which marched guenza and Cantabria, to attack in divisions in front of the column which I commanded those of the enemy who had hastened to (consisting of the Walloon battalion, and the beach to get possession of our bagthe regiment of Ciudad Real, and iwo gage. This was executed, and, together pieces of artillery), marched towards the will the closeness of the column under line of battle which the other troops of my command, so alarmed the enemy, that their nation were forming, which battalion their cavalry abandoned their light iroops, I followed; but at that moment General and retired in all haste towards the terWhitlingham ordered me to march my mination of she Lagoon.-Observing that column to support the right flank, which the enemy were now neither on my rear, gave hiin most anxiety ; because the nor on my right, I marched my column enemy had already penetrated towards towards the right flank of the English line the beach. At that moment I counter- of battle, whose left was still engaged. marched by the left, in order not to ob. In this situation, and always advancing, struct the line of baitle which the English the squadron of English hussars advanced were foraring, and marched upon Casa. and charged the enemy's cavalry, who Blanca, making this morement in close waited for them with firmness, but the battalion, supporting the fire of artillery valour and intrepidity of the British hus. without returning a shot, overawing the sars routed them in less than a minute. enemy's cavalry, who durst not altack, In the pursuit the hussars fell in with a and never forming in line, because we small square of enemy's infantry, who wanted a point of support.-On attending opened their fire upon them, and the to the above, it is necessary to observe, hussars prudently retired to their line of that if Senor C. P. when he came out of formation. I took advantage of this inthe pine-wood did not see any Spanish terval, and opened a fire from my two troops, it must have been because of his pieces of artillery, the balls of which being fully occupied, or because for a time reached this square body, which formed they were on the left flank of the line, in column and began to retire. This where it was very difficult for him to see being seen by the right flank of the them, on account of the wood and the broken enemy's line, which still kept up the fir. ground over which my column had to march. ing with much briskness, they also began Doubtless C. P. contounds Torre-Barrosa their retreat in the greatest disorder, at with Casa-Blanca, since the latter is the which moment I received orders from most elevated point in the ridge of Puerco; | General Graham to suspend the march of and being close to the sea, it was not so my column, and give the troops some reimportant for General Graham to preserve laxation, as the English also did. The Barrosa as Casa-Blanca, which is ihe point whole of the above being an incontestathat commands all the ground.-He says, ble fact, Senor C, P. ought to confess, · That the two battalions made every that the column under my command, effort to come up, but did not join till all consisting of the battalion of Walloons, was over, &c.' To this I reply as follows: the regiment of Ciudad Real, and two As the orders which I had were to guard pieces of artillery, not only reached the the right Dank, it heranie my duty, on no English line before the close of the action,
but that they had an essential part in the took some prisoners. The enemy have victory; on which account they are sincetaken a position upon the Coa, having sharers in the glories of that day, and not an advanced guard on this side ; and the for the wishes only wlich C. P. justly | allied troops have this day been collected ascribe's to them; for if he considers the on the left of that river.--I have the honour latter as ihe only reason for their deserv- to enclose the copy of a letter which I ing praise, then he ought to advert, that have received from Marshal Sir William as much might be said of those troops Beresford, containing the terms of the cawhich were at Cadiz and the Isla.
pitulation of Campo Mayor ; and I have
likewise the honour of enclosing his report Portugal. The War:-Downing-Street, of his first operations against the enemy, April 19, 1811.-A Dispatch, of which he has got possession of that place again,
from which your lordship will observe that the following is a Copy, was on the evening and has had considerable success against of the 17th instunt received at Lord Liverpool's Ofice, addressed to his Lordship by have been more complete, and would have
the enemy's cavalry:-This success would Lieutenant-General Viscount Wellington, been attended with less loss, if the ardour dated Jarmo!ciro, 2d April, 1811.
of the 13th Light Dragoons and 7th PortuVy Lord-The Allied Army were col- guese regiment of cavalry in the pursuit lected in the neighbourhood and in front of the enemy could have been kept within of Celorico on the 28th March, with a reasonable bounds. Some of the men miss. view to dislodge the enemy from the posi- ing of both these regiments were made tion which they had taken upon Guarda, prisoners on the bridge of Badajoz.-The which they still occupied in force, and of enemy have likewise abandoned Albuquerwhich they apparently intended to retain que.— I have received no accounts from possession. On that day a patrole of light Cadiz or from the North since I addressed infantry from Major Gen. Alex. Campbell's your Lordship on the 27th March. I have, division, commanded by the Honourable &c.
WELLINGTON. Colonel Ramsay, had some success against a detachment of the enemy at Avelans ; Marshal Beresford reports, under dale and a patrole of the light cavalry, with a of Canipo Mayor, 26th March, that he detachment of the 95th, with which was had moved on the preceding morning from Major-General Slade, obliged the enemy Arronches, and upon approaching Campo to retire from Fraxedas; both took many Mayor had found the enemy's corps prisoners; and I am concerned to add (consisting of four regiments of cavalry, chat Brigade-Major Stewart of the 95th three battalions of infantry, and some was killed with the last.--On the morning horse artillery), drawn up on the outside of the 29th, the 30, 6th, and light divisions of the town.—Brigadier General Long and the 10th light dragoons and hussars, being sent with the Allied cavalry to turn under the cominand of Major-General the enemy's right, found an opportunity Picton, Major-General Alexander Camp- of a charge to be made by two squadrons bell, and Major-General Sir William Ers- of the 13th Light Dragoons under Lieutekine, moved upon Guarda in five columns, nant-Colonel Head, and two squadrons of wbich were supported by tho 5th division Portuguese dragoons under Colonel Otway, in the valley of the Mondego, and by the supported by the remainder of the cavalry. Ist and 7thi from Celorico. And the mi- By this charge the enemy's horse were litia, under General Trant and Colonel completely routed and chased by the four Wilson, covered the movement at Alverca squadrons above mentioned into the town against any attempt that might have been of Badajoz. A great number of the French inade on that side to disturb it. The ene. were sabred, as were the gunners belong.. my abandoned the position of Guarda ing to sixteen pieces of cannon tbat were without firing a shot, and retired upon Sa. Iaken upon the road, but afterwards abanbug :, on the Coa. They were followed doned. The pursuit of the enemy's caby our cavalry, wbo took some prisoners valry having led a great proportion of the from them. On the 301h Sir William Allied dragoons to a distance of several Erskine, with the cavalry and horse artil- miles before the infantry of Marshal Be. lery, fell upon the rear guard of the 2d resfurd's Army could come up, the French corps, which had been near Belmonte, and infantry availed themselves of the opporhad marched for the Coa during the night, tunity to retreat in solid column, and thus and he killed and wounded several and effected their escape.--The enemy's loss
is estimated at not less than five or six My Lord,-When I last addressed your hundred men killed, wounded or prisoners, Lordship the enemy occupied the Upper great numbers of horses and mules were Coa, having his right at Rovina and taken, together with one howitzer and guarding the Ford of Rapoilla de Coa, some ammunition waggons.-Marshal Be- with a detachment at the bridge of Fera resford speaks highly of the steadiness of rerias, and his left at Sabugal, and the Colonel De Grey's brigade of heavy ca- sth corps was at Alfayates. The right of valry, and of the gallantry displayed by the British army was opposite Sabugal, all the troops that were engaged.
and the left at the bridge of Ferrerias.The enemy abandoned the town of The Militia under General Trant and Campo Mayor without resistance, leaving Colonel Wilson crossed the Coa below there a considerable supply of corn and Almeida, in order to threaten the commuprovisions, and 8000 rations of biscuit. nication of that place with Ciudad Rodrigo Return of the Killed, Wounded, and Missing difficult of access throughout its course,
and the enemy's army.-- The river Coa is in the Corps of the Allied Army, under the and the position which the enemy had orders of Marshal Sir W. C. Beresford, taken was very strong, and could be apK. B. on the 25th of March, 1811.
proached only by its left.-The troops 3d Dragoon Guards--2 horses killed ;
were therefore put in motion on the 3 rank and file wounded.
morning of the 3d, to turn the enemy's 13th Light Dragoons—10 rank and file, left above Sabugal, and to force the pas6 horses, killed; 2 Lieutenants, 1 Staff
, sage of the bridge of that town ; with the 1 Quarter-master, i serjeant, 22 rank and exception of the 6th division, which refile, 10 horses, wounded ; ! serjeant, 21 mained opposite the 6th corps, which was rank and file, 35 horses, missing..
at Rovina ; and one battalion of the 7th Ist Regiment of Portuguese Cavalry-division, which observed the enemy's 1 Cornet, 10 rank and file, 11 horses, detachment at the brigade of Ferrerias.killed; 32 rank and file, 25 horses, The 2d corps were in a strong position, wounded; 27 rank and file, 32 horses, with their right upon a height immediately missing
above the bridge and town of Sabugal, 7th Ditto--3 rank and file, 1 horse, and their left extending along the road killed ; $ rank and file wounded; 28 ranks to Alfayates, to a height which com, and file, 41 horses, missing.
manded all the approaches to Sábugal Total - Cornet, 23 rank and file, 20 from the Fords of the Coa above the town. horses, killed ; 2 Lieutenants, 1 Staff, The 2d corps communicated by Rendo | Quarter-master, 1 Serjeant, 05 rank with the oth corps at Rovina.-It was and file, 35 horses, wounded : 1 Serj. intended to turn the left of this corps, and 70 rank and file, 108 liorses, missing.
with this view the light division and the Navnes of Officers IVounded.
cavalry, under Major-General Sir W. 13th Light Dragoons--Lieutenant Smith,
Erskine -and Major-General Slade, were
to cross the Coa by two separate fords badly; Lieutenant Gale, Adjutant Holmes, and Quarter-master Greenham, slightly.
upon the right, the cavalry upon the
right of the light division ; the 3d diReturn of Ordnance and Stores taken from | vision, under Major-General Picton, at
the Enemy' on the 25th March, 1811, by ford on their left, about a mile from the Allied Army under the orders of Mar. Sabugal; and the 5th division, under shal Sir W. c. Beresford, K. B.
Major-General Dunlop, and the artillery, One French six-inch howitzer, 6 French
at the bridge of Sabugal.--Colonel Beck caissons with ammunition, 1 French forge the first that crossed the Coa, with two
with's brigade of the light division were cart.-Since destroyed. (Signed) E. PAKENHAM, D. A. G.
squadrons of cavalry upon their right. Four companies of the 951h, and three
companies of Colonel Elder's Caçadores, PORTUGAL. The War.-- London Gazette drove in the enemy's piquets, and were
Extraordinary, of April 25, 1611.--A supported by the 13d regiment. At this Dispateh, of which the following is a Copy, moment a rain-storm came on, which has been received ut Lord Liverpool's rendered it impossible to see any thing i Office, addressed to his Lordship by Lieu- and these troops having pushed on in purtenant-General Viscount Weltington, dated suit of the enemy's piquets, came upon Villa Ferniosa, Och April, 1811. the left of their main body, which it had
been intended they should turn.--The | Major Patrickson, particularly distinguishlight troops were driven back upon the ed themselves ; as did that part of the 43d regiment, and as soon as the atmos- 95th regiment in Colonel Beckwith’s bripbere became clear, the enemy having gada, under the command of Major Gib. perceived that the body, which had ad- mour, and Colonel Elder's Caçadores; the vanced, were not strong, attacked them first battalion fifty second regiment, under in a solid column, supported by cavalry the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Ross, and artillery. These troops repulsed this likewise shewed great steadiness and galattack, and advanced in pursuit upon the lantry, when they joined Colonel Beckenemy's position, where they were at. with's brigade. Throughout the action tacked by a fresh column on their left, the troops derived great advantage frora and were charged by the l'st Hussars on the assistance of two guns of Captain
their right. They retired and took post Bull's troop of Horse Artillery, which · behind a wall, from which post they crossed at the ford with the light division,
again repulsed the enemy, and advanced and came up to their support. - It was ima second time in pursuit of them; and possible for any officer to conduct himself took from them a howitzer. They were with more ability and gallantry than Cohowever, again attacked by a fresh co lonel Beckwith. The action was comlumn with cavalry, and retired again to menced by an unavoidable accident to their post, where they were joined by the which all operations are liable ; but have other brigade of the Light Division, con- ing been commenced, it would have been sisting of the two battalions of the 52d re- impossible to withdraw from the ground giment, and the first Caçadores. These without risking the loss of the object of troops repulsed the enemy, and Col. our movements; and it was desirable to Beckwith's brigade and the 1st battalion obtain possession, if possible, of the top of the 52d regiment again advanced upon of the hill, from which the enemy had ebem. They were attacked again by a made so many attacks with advantage, fresh column supported by cavalry, which on the first position taken by the '43d recharged their right, and they took post in giment. This was gained before the 3d an inclosure upon the top of the height, division came up. I had also great reason from whence they could protect the to be satisfied with the condnct of Cohowitzer which the '43d had taken ; lonel Drummond, who commands the and they drove back the enemy. other brigade in the light division. When The enemy were making arrangements the firing commenced, the 6th corps broke $0 attack them again in this post, and had up from their position at Rovina, and moved a column on their left, when the marched towards Rendo. The two corps Light Infantry of Major General Picton's joined at that place, and continued their division, under Lieutenant.Colonel Wilo retreat to Alfayates, followed by our caliams, supported by the Honourable Major- valry, part of which was that night at General Colville's brigade, opened their Soito.--The enemy continued their refire upon
them. At the same moment the treat that night and the next morning ; head of Major-General Duplop's column and entered the Spanish frontier on the crossed the bridge of the Coa, and ascend 4th. They have since continued their ed the heights on the right flank of the retreat, and yesterday the last of them enemy; and the cavalry appeared on crossed the Águeda. I have the honour the high ground in rear of the enemy's to inclose the return of killed and wounded left, and the enemy retired across the from the 18th of March. I am concerned hills towards Rendo, leaving the howitzer to have to report that Lieutenant-Colonel in the possession of those who had so gal Waters was taken prisoner on the 3d, belantly gained, and preserved it, and about fore the action commenced. He had 200 killed on the ground, and six Officers crossed the Coa to reconnoitre the chemy's and 300 prisoners in our hands. Al position, and he was surrounded with some though the operations of this day were, husars and taken. He had rendered by unavoidable accidents, not performed very important services upon many occain the manner in which I intended they sions in the last two years; and his loss is should be, I consider the action that was sensibly felt.-I sent six squadrons of cafought by the Light Division, by Colonel valry, under Major-General Sir W. ErsBeckwith's brigade principally, with the kine, on the 7th, towards Almeida, to re. whole of the 2d Corps, to be one of the connoitre that place, and drive in any par. most glorious that British troops were ever ties which might be in that neighbour engaged in. The 43d regiment, under hood, and to cut off the communication be