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Fabri, and Alschefski. In the preparation of the notes upon the Twenty-first and Twenty-second Books, the editor has been greatly indebted to the excellent edition of Fabri and the larger edition of Alschefski; but in the remainder, he is not aware that he has derived important aid from previous editions. In all cases he has aimed to acknowledge whatever direct assistance he has gained from the labors of others.

The Geographical Index has been partly translated from the edition of Fabri, and partly prepared from general sources.

The Plan of Rome, which accompanies the volume, has been taken from Professor W. A. Becker's recent work on Roman Antiquities; an account of the Map will be found on the page which faces it.

With these remarks, the present volume is submitted to the public, with the hope that it will be of some service in promoting the study of Livy, and of the noble language in which he wrote.

BROWN UNIVERSITY, August, 1847.

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PREFACE TO THE NEW EDITION.

In preparing this new edition, I have revised the text, and have adopted, in many instances, readings of Weissenborn and of Madvig, in place of those of Alschefski. Sometimes the new readings have been substituted silently, where there seemed to be no need of explanation; but all important changes are explained in the Notes. In respect to the Notes, I have not merely changed them by addition or other modification, but have rewritten them; as I could only in this way carry out my views of what is now needed in an edition of Livy intended for the use of our schools and colleges. I have endeavored to avail myself of whatever has been recently written in interpretation of Livy, and especially of the commentary of Weissenborn, in his edition published by Weidmann in Berlin; but the Notes embody almost exclusively the results of my own labors and experience as a college instructor, and I have aimed in preparing them to meet the difficulties and wants which have become familiar to me in the daily work of the class-room. I have followed the same views in respect to the kind and the amount of

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PREFACE TO THE NEW EDITION.

assistance which should be given to the student, as were expressed in the Preface to the first edition; and I shall be glad if it shall be found that those views have been better illustrated in the present work.

After the lapse of more than twenty years since the first issue of my edition of "Selections from Livy's Roman History," I desire to make my grateful acknowledgments to the instructors who have so long used that book with their classes; and to express the hope that, in the event of their adopting the present edition, they will find it better fitted for its intended uses.

BROWN UNIVERSITY, August, 1871.

J. L. LINCOLN.

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