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which is equivalent to-nor do any of us survive, except those whom the PAGE enemy lacked sword and strength to slay.

218 27. Prætulerint...sint; potential subj.; see II. 485; nor would those indeed, etc., justly prefer themselves to us and boast, etc.

35. Nam si. Nam is elliptical, as if had just been said: Ourselves I do not compare with them; for if, etc.-Fabri.

37. Si tamen... faciatis. These words are parenthetical; and the words following cui nos, etc., depend upon animadvertendum. Si tamen, if indeed, though. Fully to complete the sense of tamen, we may supply, with Alschefski, quamvis ea quæ dixi vos tam duros esse vix patiantur. Merito here in a bad sense, fault; without our having deserved it, i. c., without any fault of ours.

2. Qui vos; i. e., patres vestros.

13. Me dius fidius. Fidius (from fides) is a name of Jupiter, like the Greek Пíorios, god of truth; dius deus; and me is the demonstrative e, as in ecastor, with the prefix of m, as in Mars, from "Apns; μéxpis, from ǎxpis. See Lexicon, under Fidius; also Hand, Turs. 2, p. 342.

15. Indigni, ut. Livy has also ut with dignus, in XXIV. 16; in dignus, XXIII. 42; but the construction is unusual.

LX. The speech of T. Manlius Torquatus.

31. Nec prohibendos. Nec means and yet not. Prohibere with the infin., as in I. 39, toward the end.

33. Prædibusque ac prædiis; the prædes are persons, citizens owning real estate, sureties; the prædia are the estates of such persons, which are given as security.

1. Ullius...eorum; i. e., captivorum.

2. Quid...aliud quam...essetis. What else than, i. e., only. For I should only have needed to remind you. See n. on nihil aliud-quam, II. 8. 30. Nec...duceret. Ducere in the sense of consider, regard; he would have regarded you neither indeed, etc.

31. Viam, etc. The whole sense is this: Those words (i. e., moriamur, milites, etc.) Sempronius neither said, nor could have said; but he pointed out the way that conducted no less to safety than to glory, and yet you would not follow him.

12. Conati sunt. See n. on dedit, II. 10.

24. Nisi quis credere, etc. Unless any one can believe that they were, ie., that they were then good and faithful citizens, when, etc.




2. Vobis. The ethical dative, see H. 389; for you; i. e., this I say, 222 that you, whom it chiefly concerns, may know all that has really taken place.

3. Decuerat. See Z. § 518.



LXI. The senate refuse to pay the ransom for the captives.

30.; on this condition, that—not, etc.

4. Censoribus; abl. abs.; under the next censors.—Confectos is a stronger word than affectos would have been, stronger also than the technical term notatos; it means ruined by the brands of ignominy which were fixed upon them by the censors.

24. Gratiæ actæ quod de re publica non desperasset. "The senate felt his confidence in them, and answered it nobly. All party feeling was suspended; all popular irritation was subdued; the butcher's son, the turbulent demagogue, the defeated general, were all forgotten; only Varro's latest conduct was remembered, that he had resisted the panic of his officers, and, instead of seeking shelter at the court of a foreign king, had submitted himself to the judgment of his country. The senate voted him their thanks, 'because he had not despaired of the commonwealth.”—Arnold, Hist., 2, p. 320.

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Aborigines; a word for the earliest inhabitants of Latium.

Egates insulæ, three islands on the western coast of Sicily, between Lily. bæum and Drepanum; viz., Ægusa, Phorbantia, and Hiera; now Favignana, Levanzo, and Maretimo.

Equi, or Equicolæ. See Volsci, at the end.

sis, a river forming the northern boundary of Picenum, and the southern of Umbria, near the mouth of which stands Ancona.

Alba Longa, a town of Latium, southeast of Rome.

Albanus Mons, a hill, on

a ridge of which Alba stood, the scene of the Latine Feriæ.

Albula, the ancient name of the Tiber.

Algidus, a hill in Latium, in the territory of the Equi.

Alia; see note, V. 37.

Allifa, or Allifæ, a town in Samnium; now Alife, in the Neapolitan Province

Terra di Lavoro.

Allobroges, a people of Gaul, living on the Rhone, north of the Isère, who occupied most of what is called Savoy, and the northern part of Dauphiné. Capital was Vienna, now Vienne.

Amiternum, a town of the Sabines, on the Aternus.

Antemnæ, a Sabine town, on the Ánio, at its junction with the Tiber
Antium, a town of Latium, south of Rome, about six miles from the mouth of

the Tiber.

Appiŏlæ, a Latin town, taken by Tarquinius Priscus.

Apulia, a district of Lower Italy. Comp. Aufidus.

Arar, a river in Gaul, now the Saone.

Arbocala, according to Polybius and Livy, a town of the Vaccæi in Spain (which word see); according to others, of the Vettones in Lusitania. Ardea, chief town of the Rutuli in Latium, not quite a mile from the sea; now Ardea in the Papal States.

Argiletum. See note, I. 19.

Aricia, a town in Latium, on the Appian Way.

Ariminum, a town in Umbria, on the Adriatic Sea; now Rimini in the Papal


Arnus, a river in Etruria; now the Arno.

Arpi, a town in Western Apulia.

Arretium, an Etrurian town near the Apennines; the modern Arrezzo in


Arsia, a wood in the neighborhood of Rome, near the Janiculum.

Atellani, inhabitants of Atella, a small town in Campania, between Neapolis and Capua; near the modern town Aversa, in the kingdom of Naples. Athanagia, chief town of the Ilergetes, in Spain. See Ilergetes. Aufidus, a river in Apulia, dividing that district into two parts, of which the eastern was called Daunia, and the western Peucetia; the modern Ofanto.

Ausetani, a people of Spain, in the northeastern part of the modern Catalonia. Aventinus, sc. mons, or Aventinum, one of the seven hills of Rome. See Plan.


Baleares, or Baleares insula, called by the Greeks Gymnesia, two islands in the Mediterranean, which belonged to Hispania Tarraconensis; Bal. major, now Majorca; Bal. minor, now Minorca. The inhabitants were called Baleares, and were celebrated as slingers, Báλλew. See Ebusus. Bargusii, a people of Spain, near the Pyrenees. According to Mannert, they formed a part of the Ilergetes.

Beneventum, a town in Samnium; now Benevento, in the Neapolitan Province,
Principato ulteriore, but belonging to the Papal States.

Boii, a powerful tribe in Cisalpine Gaul, whose settlements were on the south
of the Po, and extended beyond the modern Parma, Modena, and
Bovianum, a town in Samnium; now Boiano, in the Neapolitan Province

Brixiani, inhabitants of Brixia, chief town of the Cenomanni in Gallia Transpadana; the modern Brescia.

Bruttii, a people in the southern extremity of Italy, inhabiting the district Bruttium, the modern Calabria. Comp. Lucani.


Canina, a Sabine town, northeast of Rome, on a branch of the Anio. Inhab. itants, Caninenses, Canini.

Care, a city in Etruria, northwest of Rome, now Cerveteri in the Papal States. In the vicinity were springs, called Carites, or Carētes.

Calatia, a town in Campania; now Caiazzo, in the Neapolitan Province, Terra di Lavoro. Calatinus.

Cales, a town in Campania; now Calvi, in the Neapolitan Province, Terra di Lavoro. Calenus.

Callicula, sc. mons, a mountain-chain in Campania, stretching from Cales eastward toward the Vulturnus.

Cannæ, a village in Apulia, on the right bank of the Aufidus; now Canne, in the Neapolitan Province, Terra di Bari.

Canusium, a city in Apulia, near the right bank of the Aufidus; now Canosa, in the Neapolitan Province, Terra di Bari.

Capena, a town in Etruria, north of Rome. It was probably near the Tiber, not far from the site of the modern village of Fiano. See Plan of Rome.

Capena, Porta, a gate of Rome, on the east.

Capitolinus, mons, one of the seven hills of Rome. See Plan.

Capua, the capital of Campania, situated near the modern village of St. Maria, in the Neapolitan Province, Terra di Lavoro.

Carpetani, a people of Spain, whose territory was bounded on the north by the Durius (Douro), on the west by Lusitania, on the south by the

Oretani, and on the east by the Celtiberi; i. e., the modern Valladolid, south of the Douro, the provinces of Avila and Segovia, the greatest part of Guadalaxara, and most of the central part of Toledo. Cities: Toletum (Toledo), Contrebia, Segovia, etc.

Cartala, capital of the Olcades, Liv. XXI. 4. Others, however, read in that passage, Carteia, which Polybius, 3, 13, mentions as a town on the Fretum Gaditanum. Another reading still is Althæa.

Carthago Nova, a city in Spain; the modern Carthagena in Murcia.

Casilinum, a city in Campania, on the river Vulturnus; the modern Capua, in the Neapolitan Province, Terra di Lavoro.

Casinum, a town of the Volsci, in Latium, on the site of which is the modern town of St. Germano. Adject. Casinas.

Castŭlo, a city in Spain, near the source of the river Bætis; according to Mannert, the modern Cazorla, in Jaen.

Caudina Furculæ, a mountain-pass in Samnium, on the road from Capua to Beneventum.

Celtiberia, territory of the Celtiberi, the most numerous people of Spain, who lived in the southwestern part of the modern Arragonia, in the south of Navarra, in eastern Old Castile (Prov. Soria), and northeastern New Castile (Prov. Cuença).

Cenomani, or Cenomanni, a Celtic people in Cisalpine Gaul, on the north side of the Po, in the neighborhood of the modern Brescia, Mantua, and Verona.

Cercīna, an island in the Syrtis Minor, on the coast of Africa.

Circeii, a town in Latium, on the coast, about sixty miles south of Rome
Clastidium, a town in Liguria; now Casteggio.

Clusium, an Etrurian town, northwest of Rome.

Cœlius, mons, one of the seven hills of Rome. See Plan.

Collatia, a Latin town, a little to the north of Gabii.

Collina, Porta, one of the gates of Rome. See Plan.

Corbio; see note, II. 39.

Corioli; see note, II. 39.

Corniculum, a Latin town, taken by Tarquinius Priscus.

Cortona, a city of Etruria, one and a half geographical miles northwest of Lacus Trasimenus; now Cortona, in Tuscany.

Cremona, a city on the northern bank of the Po, in Cisalpine Gaul; now

Cremonis jugum; otherwise called Alpis Graia, the modern Little St. Bernard.
See note on XXI. 38; and the Map of the Passage of Hannibal.
Croton, or Croto, or Crotona, a city in Magna Græcia, on the Gulf of Taren-
tum; now Cotrone.

Crustumerium, a town northeast of Rome, and near the sources of the Alia.
Cures, a Sabine town, on the Via Salaria.


Druentia, a river in Gaul; now the Durance.

Delphi, a town in Phocis, and the seat of the celebrated oracle of Apollo.


Ebusus insula, the largest of the islands called Pityusa, off the coast of Spain; now called Ivica; by some ranked among the Balearic islands. Emporiæ, or Emporium, a Greek colonial town in Spain; now Empurias in


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