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Pay in the United States Army and Navy
Source: The Official Rates of those Departments
PAY IN THE ARMY
Army yearly pay-General, Chief of Staff, $8,000; Lieutenant General, Army Commander, $8,000; Major General, $8,000; Brigadier Generai, $6,000; Colonel, $3,500 to $4,000, according to length of service; Lieutenant Colonel, $3,000 to $4,000; Major, $2,400 to $3,500; Captain, $2,000 to $3,000; First Lieutenant, $1,500 to $2,400; Second Lieutenant, $1,500 to $2,000; Warrant Officers, $1,776 to $2,220. Monthly pay-Pay of enlisted men according to grade, $21 to $157.50.
Additional pay per month for special qualifications in the use of arms, etc., and for Distinguished Service awards.
A recruit who enters the Army receives a base pay of $21 a month as a private. There is no automatic promotion in grade. Ex-members of the Army, Coast, Guard, Marine Corps and Naval Reserve who reenlist are promoted in 1 month in place of 4 months, provided their previous service and training warrant such advancement.
Enlisted Men's additional pay per month and qualifications-Use of fire arms, first class, $5: second class, $4; third class, $3; fourth class, $2; fifth class, $1. Medal of Honor, $2: Distinguished Service Cross, $2; Distinguished Service Medal, $2; Distinguished Flying Cross, $2; Soldier's Medal, $2. For each bar in lieu of Medal of Honor, Distinguished Service Cross, Medal, Flying Cross or Soldiers' Medal, $2.
Rates of pay at Military Academy-Professor, over 10 years' service, pay of Colonel; Professor, less than 10 years service, pay of Lieutenant Colonel; Chaplain, $4,000 per annum; Teacher of Music, pay of 1st Lieutenant; Cadet, $780 per
Pay of nurses (monthly)-Less than 3 years' service, $70; over 3 years' service, $90; over 6 years' service, $115; over 9 years' service, $130. In addition to pay as nurse: Superintendent, $208.33; Assistant Superintendent, $125; Chief Nurse, $50.
Retired pay-Pay of retired officers varies according to rank and years of service. Enlisted men are entitled to 75 per centum of the pay they may be in receipt of and allowances. Service members rates of pay in the following branches of service are based on Army and Navy tables of pay scales: Marine Corps-Army. Coast Guard-Navy. Coast and Geodetic Survey-Navy.
PAY IN THE NAVY
Navy yearly pay-Admiral, $8,000; Vice Admiral, $8.000: Rear Admiral, $6,000 to $8,000; Captain, $3.500 to $6,000; Commander, $3,000 to $5,750; Lieutenant Commander, $2,400 to $5,250, Lieutenant, $2,000 to $4,500; Lieutenant (junior grade), $1,500 to $3,600; Ensign, $1,500 to $3,000; Warrant Officers, $1,836 to $4,500.
Petty Officer, $60 to $126. Nonrated men, $21 to $54. Monthly pay-Petty Officer, third class to Chief Base pay is not all, extra allowances per month are paid on special details, and permanent additions for medals of honor.
A Navy recruit is designated an apprentice seaman upon enlistment and is also paid a basic wage of $21 a month. He is sent to a naval training station for a course of training. Following this course, he is transferred to general service at sea unless selected for special service school instruction. After 4 months' total service, including recruit training, an apprentice seaman is promoted to seaman second class, and seamen second class may be rated firemen third class as vacancies occur, if selected for engineering duty. The monthly pay of these ratings is $36.
Bonuses paid to sailors and non-commissioned officers of the Navy for re-enlistment are doubled under a new law.
Heretofore petty officers have received re-enlistment bonuses of $50 for each year of service, with a limit of $300. Enlisted men's bonuses were $25 for each year served, with a limit of $150. qualifications-For each Medal of Honor. DisEnlisted Men's additional pay per month and tailed as messmen, $5; detailed as mail clerks, $15 tinguished Service Medal or Navy Cross, $2; deto $30; assistant mail clerks, $10; (at Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba), $15; designated as divers. $10 to $30; (plus $5 an hour for each hour or fraction thereof while employed in diving in actual operations in depths over 90 feet); duty on board submarines, $5 to $30; (depending on detail, rating and qualifications); listeners on submarines. $2; qualified sound operators, $2; Sonic repairmen, $2; qualification in the use of arms, $1 to $5. Fifty per cent increase in pay of the rating when individual flight orders have been issued and the required number of flights are made. Retired pay and the Reserve After thirty years' service, an enlisted man may retire on three-fourths of the pay of his rating including all permanent additions, plus $15.75 allowances, making a total of $133.88 a month of a chief petty officer with permanent appointment.
U. S. War and Other Appropriations, 1941, 1942
Source: United States Bureau of the Budget (As of Oct. 2, 1941)
Defense Aid Appropriation Act, 1941. Additional Defense aid (pending)
Estimated appropriations required beyond 1942 to complete construction of the expanded
Generals and Lieutenant Generals of the U. S. Army
George Washington held the rank of General and Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army from June 15, 1775, to Dec. 23, 1783. He was appointed lieutenant general and Commander-inChief of the United States Army on July 3, 1798. The office of "general" under the present form of Government was first established by section 9, of the act approved March 3, 1799, while Washington was holding the office of commander with rank of lieutenant general, and which provided that a commander of the Army of the United
States shall be appointed and commissioned by the style of 'general of the armies of the United States: and the present office and title of lieutenant general shall thereafter be abolished."
While the purpose of this legislation was undoubtedly to confer the title of general upon Washington, no record has been found in this office to show that the appointment was ever made. The following-named officers served in the United States Army in the grades of general and lieutenant general, respectively, during the time specifiled after each name:
*Ulysses S. Grant, July 25, 1866 to March 4, 1869.
*John J. Pershing, (Oct. 6, 1917-Emergency) (Sept. 3, 1919-(a) Permanent).
(b) Peyton C. March, May 20, 1918 to June 30, 1920.
John L. Hines held office as Chief of Staff of the Army, with rank of Major General, from Sept. 14, 1924 to Nov. 20, 1926 and retired in the grade of major general. He was advanced to the grade of General on the retired list under the provisions of a special act of Congress approved June 15, 1940.
*Generals of the Army or of the Armies of the United States (both phrases being held to mean the same thing).
(a) Retired Sept. 13, 1924, with the rank and
title of General of the Armies of the United States.
(b) Did not hold the grade of general in the Regular Army, but by the act of Congress approved June 21, 1930, both became full generals on the Regular Army retired list. This act gives wartime rank, without increased pay or allowance, to officers and former officers of the United States Army, upon their retirement from active service. (c) Temporary rank while holding the office of Chief of Staff, as provided by an act of Congress approved Feb. 23, 1929.
(b)-George Washington (July 3, 1798); Ulysses S. Grant (March 2, 1864); William T. Sherman (July 25, 1866); Philip H. Sheridan (March 4, 1869); John M. Schofield (Feb. 8, 1895); Nelson A. Miles (June 6, 1900).
Samuel B. M. Young (Aug. 8, 1903); Adna R. Chaffee (Jan. 9, 1904); John C. Bates (Feb. 1, 1906); Henry C. Corbin (April 15, 1906); Arthur MacArthur (Sept. 15, 1906); Hunter Liggett (Oct. 16, 1918); Robert L. Bullard (Oct. 16, 1918); Edgar Jadwin (retired Aug. 7, 1929, with rank of Lieutenant General, Act, March 4, 1915); Hugh A. Drum (Aug. 5, 1939); Stanley H. Ford (Aug. 5, 1939).
Stanley D. Embick (Aug. 5, 1939); Albert J. Bowley (Aug. 5, 1939); John L. DeWitt (Dec. 5, 1939); Charles D. Herron (July 31, 1940); Daniel Van Voorhis (July 31, 1940); Herbert J. Brees (Oct. 1, 1940); Ben Lear (Oct. 1, 1940); Walter C. Short (Feb. 8, 1941); Walter Krueger (May 16, 1941); Frank M. Andrews (Sept. 19, 1941); Delos C. Emmons (*) (Nov. 16, 1940); Lesley J. McNair (June 9, 1941). **Delos C. Emmons accepted his commission as a Lieutenant General on Nov. 16, 1940, but his date of rank is Oct. 25, 1940.
(b) Liggett and Bullard did not hold the grade in the Regular Army. Jadwin saw no active service in the grade but retired (Aug. 7, 1929) with the rank of lieutenant general, as provided by an act of Congress (approved Mar. 4, 1915)..
Drum to Andrews, inclusive, held temporary rank while in command of one of the four armies of the United States Army (pursuant to an act of Congress approved Aug. 5, 1939), or while in command of the Hawaiian or Panama Canal Departments, (pursuant to act of Congress approved July 31, 1940). Winfield Scott held the rank of Brevet Lieutenant General from March 29, 1847 to Nov. 1, 1861.
Number of Guns in U. S. Army and Navy Salutes
Military Posts and Camps in Continental United States
Source: Army Records as of Oct. 31, 1941
(Note: Strength of military personnel at stations having less than 1,000 not shown.)
MILITARY POSTS AND CAMPS IN CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES-Continued
Post or Camp
Indiana Ordnance Works.
San Diego, Calif.
Lexington Signal Depot.
Little Rock Quarterm. Supply Depot. P.O. Box 3141, Little Rock, Ark.
Lone Star Ordnance Plant.
Long Beach Municipal Airport.
Lovell General Hospital.
Lubbock A. C. Facility
Mabry Field, Dale.
McCoy, Camp. McDowell, Fort. McHenry, Fort.. McIntosh, Fort..
Manchester Army Air Base
Maumelle Ordnance Works.
Meade, Fort George G.
Midland Plant, C. W. S.