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The Lend-Lease Act and Its Operations
President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed (March (4). To communicate to any such government 11, 1941) the lease-lend bill (H.R. 1776) for lending any defense information, pertaining to any defense or leasing military equipment of the United States
article furnished to such government under parsto the democracies of the world after the measure
graph (2) of this subsection. had passed Congress. The vote in the Senate
(5) To release for export any defense article (March 8) was 60 to 31 with 49 Democrats, 10 disposed of in any way under this subsection to any Republicans and 1 Independent for, and 13 Demo
such government. crats, 17 Republicans and 1 Progressive against. In
(B) The terms and conditions upon which any the House on the final or Senate amended measure
such foreign government receives any ald authorthe vote (March 11) was 317 to 71 with 220
ized under subsection (2) shall be those which the Democrats, 94 Republicans and 3 Progressives for,
President deems satisfactory, and the benefit to the and 15 Democrats, 54 Republicans, 1 American
United States may be payment or repayment in Labor and 1 Farmer-Laborite against The original benefit which the President deems satisfactory.
kind or property, or any other direct or indirect measure was passed in the House (Feb. 8) by a vote of 260 to 165. Voting for the bill were 236
(C) After June 30, 1943, or after the passage of Democrats and 24 Republicans; against it were 25
a concurrent resolution by the two houses before Democrats, 135 Republicans, 1 American Labor,
June 30, 1943, which declared that the powers 3 Progressives and 1 Farmer-Laborite.
conferred by or pursuant to subsection (a) are no The text of the measure follows with the Senate
longer necessary to promote the defense of the amendments to the House bill in Italics:
United States, neither the President nor the head AN ACT FURTHER TO PROMOTE THE DE
of any department or agency shall exercise any of FENSE OF THE UNITED STATES, AND FOR
the powers conferred by or pursuant to subsection OTHER PURPOSES.
(A); except that until July 1, 1946, any of such
powers may be exercised to the extent necessary to Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America
carry out a contract or agreement with such a in Congress assembled, that this act may be cited
foreign government made before July 1, 1943, or "an act to promote the defense of the United whichever is the earlier. *
before the passage of such concurrent resolution States." Section 2
(D) Nothing in this act shall be construed to
to authorize or to permit the authorization of As used in this act
convoying vessels by naval vessels of the United (A) The term "defense article" means:
States. (1) Any weapon, munition, aircraft, vessel, or (E) Nothing in this act shall be construed to boat;
authorize or to permit the authorization of the (2) Any machinery, facility, tool, material or entry of any American vessel into a combat area supply necessary for the manufacture, production, in violation of Section 3 of the Neutrality Act of processing, repair, serving, or operation of any 1939. article described in this subscription;
Section 4 (3) Any component material or part of or
All contracts or agreements made for the disequipment for any agricultural, industrial or other
position of any defense article or defense inarticle described in this subsection;
formation pursuant to Section 3 shall contain a (4) Any other commodity or article for defense.
clause by which the foreign government undertakes Such term “defense article includes any article
that it will not, without the consent of the Presidescribed in this subsection; manufactured or procured pursuant to Section 3, or to which the article or defense information by gift, sale, or
dent, transfer title to or possession of such defense United States or any foreign government has or otherwise, or permit its use by any one not an hereafter acquires title, possession, or control.
officer, employee, or agent of such foreign gor(B) The term "defense information" means any
ernment. plan, specification, design, prototype, or informa
Section 5 tion pertaining to any defense article.
(A) The Secretary of War, the Secretary of the Section 3
Navy, or the head of any other department or (A) Notwithstanding the provisions of any other agency of the government involved shall, when any law, the President may, from time to time, when
such defense article or defense information is he deems it in the interest of national defense,
exported, immediately inform the department or authorize the Secretary of War, the Secretary of
agency designated by the President to administer the Navy, or the head of any other department or
Section 6 of the act of July 2, 1940 (54 Stat. 714), agency of the government:
of the qualities, character, value, terms of dis(1) To manufacture in arsenals, factories and
position, and destination of the article and inshipyards under their jurisdiction, or otherwise
formation so exported.
(B) The President from time to time, but not procure to the entent to which funds are made available therefor, or contracts are authorized from
less frequently than once every ninety days, shall time to time by the Congress, or both, any defense
transmit to the Congress a report of operations article for the government of any country whose
under this act except such information as he deems defense the President deems vital to the defense incompatible with the public interest to disclose. of the United States.
Reports provided for under this subsection shall
be transmitted to the secretary of the Senate or (2) To sell, transfer title, exchange, lease, lend, or otherwise dispose of, to any such government
the clerk of the House of Representatives, as the any defense article, but no defense article not
case may be, if the Senate or the House of Repremanufactured or procured under paragraph (1)
sentatives, as the case may be, is not in session. shall in any way be disposed of under this para
Section 6 graph, except after consultation with the chief of staff of the Army or the chief of naval operations
(A) There is hereby authorized to be appro
priated from time to time, out of any money in of the Navy, or both. The value of defense articles disposed of in any way under authority of this
the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, such
amounts as may be necessary to carry out the proparagraph, and procured from funds heretofore
visions and accomplish the purpose of this act. appropriated, shall not exceed $1,300.000.000. The value of such defense articles shall be determined
(B) All money and all property which is conby the head of the department or agency concerned
verted into money received under Section 3 from or such other department, agency or officer as shall
any government shall, with the approval of the
Director of the Budget, revert to the respective be designated in the manner provided in the rules and regulations issued hereunder. Defense articles
appropriation or appropriations out which funds procured from funds hereafter appropriated to any
were expended with respect to the defense article department or agency of the government, other
or defense information for which such considerathan from funds authorized to be appropriated
tion is received, and shall be available for exunder this act, shall not be disposed of in any way
penditure for the purpose for which such expended under authority of this paragraph ercept to the
funds were appropriated by law, during the fiscal extent hereafter authorized by the Congress in the
year in which such funds are received and the acts appropriating such funds or otherwise,
ensuing fiscal year but in no event shall any funds
80 received be available for (3) To test, inspect, prove, repair, outfit, recon
June 30, 1946. dition, or otherwise to place in good working order
Section 7 to the entent to which funds are made available therejor, or contracts were authorized from time The Secretary of War, the Secretary of the Navy, to time by the Congress, or both any defense article and the head of the department or agency shall in for any such government or to procure any or all all contracts or agreements for the disposition of such services by private contract.
any defense article or defense information fully
protect the rights of all citizens of the United largest in the peace time history of the United Btates who have patent rights in and to any such States and provides: article or information which is hereby authorized $2,054,000,000 for aircraft and aeronautical to be disposed of and the payments collected for material. royalties on such patents shall be paid to the $1,350,000,000 for agricultural, industrial and owners and holders of such patents.
other commodities. Section 8
$1,343,000,000 for ordnance and ordnance stores. The Secretaries of War and of the Navy are
$752,000,000 for manufacturing facilities. hereby authorized to purchase or otherwise acquire
$629,000,000 for ships and other water craft. arms, ammunition, and implements of war pro
$362,000,000 for tanks and other motorized equipduced within the jurisdiction of any country to
ment. Which Section 3 is applicable, whenever the Presi
$260,000,000 for miscellaneous military equipdent deems such purchase or acquisition to be
ment. necessary the interests of the defense of the
$200,000,000 for testing, repairing and outfitting. United States.
$50,000,000 for administrative expenses. Section 9
The President designated Harry L. Hopkins to The President may, from time to time, promul
advise and assist in carrying out the responsibili
ties placed upon the President by the Act. Mr. gate such rules and regulations as may be necessary
Hopkins was designated (Aug. 28, 1941) Special and proper to carry out any of the provisions of
Assistant to the President in charge of all defense this act; and he may exercise any power or
aid by the United States and Edward R. Stettinius, authority conferred on him by this act through
Jr., was designated Lease-Lend Administrator. such department, agency, or officer as he shall
The President changed (Sept. 16, 1941) the title direct.
of Mr. Stettinius to Special Assistant to expedite Section 10
Lend-Lease aid deliveries. If any provision of this act or the application of There was made available (March, 1941) for such provision to any circumstance shall be held Lend-Lease and under the Defense Aid Suppleinvalid, the validity of the remainder of the act mental Appropriation Act $7,000,000,000. There and the applicabilty of such provision to other was appropriated (Oct., 1941) an additional $5,985,circumstances shall not be affected thereby. 000,000. At the time he signed the October appro
Nothing in this act shall be construed to change priation measure, the President issued an executive esisting law relating to the use of the land and order creating an Office of Lend-Lease Administranaval forces of the United States, ercept in so far tion in the Office of Emergency Management and as such use relates to the manufacture, procure- gave to Mr. Stettinius the authority to name the ment, and repair of defense articles, the com- entire staff, including deputy and assistant admunication of information and other noncombatant ministrators. purposes enumerated in this act.
of the $7,000,000,000 appropriation $13,000,000
was used to reimburse the Treasury Department *This Senate-approved provision is merely a for Coast Guard vessels transferred to the United revised version of a similar section in the House- Kingdom, leaving $6,987,000,000 available for alloapproved bill.
cation. or this sum $6,281,237,421, or approxiAn act providing $7,000,000,000 to put into effect m.tely 90 per cent, had been allocated and $3,555,the lease-lend bill was passed by Congress and 587.895 obligated by Aug. 31, 1941. Expenditures signed by President Roosevelt (March 27). The (May 31, 1941) were $68,078,942 and increased to House passed the bill (March 19) by a vote of 377 $388,912, 155 (Aug. 31. 1941). to 55 and the Senate (March 24) by a vote of 67 Allocations, obligations and expenditures by deto 9. The $7,000,000,000 appropriation is the 'partments as of Aug. 31, 1941, follow:
Allocations, obligations and expenditures by appropriation catagories as of Aug. 31, 1941, follow: Appropriation Category
Allocations Obligations Expenditures Ordnance and ordnance stores.
$1,422,145,460 $584,476,115.46 $16,663,550.79 Aircraft and aeronautical material
2,027,398,269 1,347,140,839.54 19,297,791.66 Tanks and other vehicles.
9,252,525.81 Vessels and other watercraft
699,496,490 588,277,440.71 109,617,971.87 Miscellaneous military equipment.
6,290,855.73 Facilities and equipment...
501,913,530 262,160,386.01 41,202,695.68 Agricultural, Industrial and other commodities.. 975,008,578 428,471.283.00 152,476,446.07 Testing, reconditioning, etc., of defense articles, 130,092,571 65.163,231.89 32,672,182.33 Services and expenses.
1,231,670.37 Administrative expenses.
6,281,237,421 3,555,587,895.40 388,912,115.05
of the ordnance and ordnance stores allocations $29, 150,000; cotton, $37,758,000; tobacco, $37,427,$439,331,951 was artillery ammunition, $357, 480.500 920; other, $614,595. was for anti-aircraft material, and $132.525,250 Some of the more important items delivered was for aircraft armament.
through August 31, were:
Amount delivered of the aircraft allocations $1,286,175,700 was Cheese
44,538,120 pounds for bombers.
2,877,317 pounds Merchant ship allocations were $508,422,800. Frozen eggs
23, 124, 750 pounds Allotments eatables, etc., were-Dairy products Dry skim milk
12,590,617 pounds and eggs, $98,373,500; meat, fish, fowl, $121,048,300; Evaporated milk
2,967,796 cases fruits, vegetables, and nuts, $83,306,000; grain and Canned meat.
21,541,281 pounds cereal products, $10,438,500; sugar, chocolate, and Cured pork
89,741,480 pounds saccharine products, $263,800; lard, fats, and oils, Dried beans
Secretary of War Stimson reported (Nov. 6. 1941) that American factories had produced approximately $80,000,000 worth of arms and ammunition in October, 1941, for the American Army and for Lend-Lease ald.
Selective Training and Service Act of 1940
Source: National Headquarters Selective Service System Congress passed (Sept. 14, 1940) and President morally unfit for service; men with dependents. Roosevelt signed (Sept. 16) the Selective Training Recognized students and ministers of Religion and Service Act of 1940, the first peace time mili- must register, but are not subject to military tary draft in the history of the United States. service
The Act was devised as part of the National Provisions for noncombatant and non-military Defense Program to give military training to males service by conscientious objectors is made. between the ages of 21 and 36 for one year and The President is empowered to place obligatory provided that not more than 900,000 should be orders with any firm or individual for such defense under training at one time.
It was planned materials as are required and which are of the originally to induct 800,000 by July 1, 1941. How- nature usually produced or capable of being proever, after inducting approximately 700,000 men
duced by such firm or individual. Upon refusal to by Aug. 1, 1941. Congress eliminated the 900,000 comply, authority is given to take immediate poslimitation and provided for the deferment of
session and such failure is deemed a felony which men over 28.
upon conviction carries a penalty of three years, Dr. Clarence Dykstra, President of the University
imprisonment and a fine not exceeding $50,000. of Wisconsin, was appointed Director of Selective Just compensation for materials and rent is asService and was sworn in on Oct. 17. 1940. Dr.
sured. Dykstra resigned on April 1, 1941, and Brigadier
The Act calls for the creation of & Selective General Lewis B. Hershey, who had served as Service System, which operates through civilian Executive Officer and Deputy Director was named
lccal boards of three or more members who are Director on July 31, 1941.
residents of that local board area, and other such Dr. Dykstra resigned April 1, 1941, and General agencies as may be necessary to carry out the proHershey has since been serving as Acting Director.
vision of this Act shall be created. These local Three days after the passage of the Act, the
boards, under Presidential rules and regulations Advisory Committee was appointed, registration
have power, subject to appeal, over all questions of day set for October 16 and the lottery to determine
inclusion of, exemption or deferment for, training the order of the call to service was set for October
and service within its jurisdiction.
The President is authorized to appoint by and 29.
The purpose of the Act is to provide a fair and with consent of the Senate a Director of Selective just system of raising manpower to increase the
Service at compensation not to exceed $10,000 & strength and efficiency of the armed forces with
year; to utilize the services of any department the least possible disturbance of the social, in
officers or agents of the United States and the dustrial and economic welfare.
several States; to delegate authority vested in him
under this Act to such persons as he may designate. The Act provides that: Every male citizen and alien residing in the
Voluntary services may be accepted.
The Chief of Finance U. S. Army is designated United States between the ages of 21 and 36 on the
as fiscal, disbursing and accounting agent for day or days fixed must register, with a few certain
Selective Service. specified exceptions, on dates specified by the
Persons who fail to comply with the Act or who President.
violate or aid and abet in its violation may be imWhether or not a state of war exists, the Presi.
prisoned for five years or fined $10,000 or both, or dent may increase the forces from time to time as
suffer such penalty as a court martial shall direct, the national interest requires so long as there are never more than 900,000 men in training and ser
if such person is under the jurisdiction of the
armed forces. více in any one time under this Act,
The monthly base pay of enlisted men of the Physical examination by the Military Services
Army and Marine Corps shall be as follows:
Enshall be given the men upon induction and dis
listed men of the first grade, $126; enlisted men of charge.
the second grade, $84; enlisted men of the third Each man inducted shall serve 12 months, after
grade, $72; enlisted men of the fourth grade, $60; which he will be placed in a reserve component.
enlisted men of the fifth grade, $54; enlisted men of The same pay allowances, pensions, disability and the sixth grade, $36; enlisted men of the seventh death compensation provided for enlisted men and
grade, $30; except that the monthly base pay of officers of like grade and length of service is
enlisted men with less than four months' service assured inductees under this Act.
during their first enlistment period and of enlisted These inductees shall not be employed beyond
men of the seventh grade whose inefficiency or the limits of the Western Hemisphere, except in other unfitness had been determined under regulathe territories and possession of the U. S., in- tions prescribed by the Secretary of War, and the cluding the Philippine Islands.
Secretary of the Navy, respectively, shall be $21. Classification, selection and induction under the The pay for specialists' ratings, which shall be in Act shall be made in an impartial manner under addition to monthly base pay, shall be as follows: such regulations as prescribed by the President. First class. $30; second class, $25; third class, $20;
The number of inductees shall be based on the fourth class, $15; fifth class, $6, sixth class, $3. State's proportion of eligible men compared to the Enlisted men of the Army and the Marine Corps total number of the Nation's eligibles, except that shall receive as a permanent addition to their pay, credits shall be given for residents of each sub- an increase of 10 per centum of their base pay and division who are in the land and naval forces. pay for specialists' rating upon completion of the
The Act, as amended, defers from training and first four years of service, and an additional inservice the following men: Those who have satis- crease of 4 per centum of such base pay and pay factorily served three or more consecutive years in for specialists' ratings for each four years of service the Regular Army, Navy, Marine Corps or Coast
thereafter, but the total of such increases shall not Guard, and also former National Guardsmen, for- exceed 25 per centum, Enlisted men of the Navy mer Reserve Officers, under certain conditions; the
shall be entitled to receive at least the same pay Vice President, Governors, members of State and and allowances as are provided for enlisted men Federal legislatures, Judges of Courts of Record. in similar grades in the Army and Marine Corps.
No exception from registration or exemption or In August, 1941, Congress extended the original deferment from training and service under the
peace-time training period to not more than 30 Act continues after the cause ceases to exist. months and appropriated a bonus of $10 a month Inductees leaving non-temporary positions with
for each month served in excess of 12. government or private industry are protected by
When used in the Act in a geographical sense, the Act and are to be reinstated with no loss of the term "United States" shall refer to the several seniority or privilege and may not be discharged States, the District of Columbia, Alaska, Hawaii, without cause for at least one year after their and Puerto Rico. return. The District Courts of the United States On the first registration day, including the terriare given jurisdiction in cases arising under this tories, the registration total was 16,628,493. Local provision.
boards received the registration cards, shuffled A personnel division has been organized to them and gave each registrant a number. A series secure re-employment and employment for men as of numbers was drawn in Washington on lottery they complete the training period.
day (Oct. 29). When the first number was drawn, No vac
cy created by induction, the act ex- each man who held a corresponding number in the pressly provides, is to be filled by any member of file of the local boards was put down as the first the Communist Party or the German-American liable to service from his local group and so on until Bund.
all the numbers were drawn out. Questionnaires The President is authorized to prescribe rules were then sent to the registrants in the order in for deferment of: Certain men whose occupation which their numbers were drawn. The question. is found necessary to national interest and also naires asked the number of dependents, physical certain important office holders in the state and disabilities, etc. The registrants were classified as federal service; those physically, mentally shown on the next page.
Classification of Registrants Class I-A: Available; fit for general mulitary or Navy. From this quota were deducted the numservice. (Class I-A-0: Conscientious objector; ber of men who had volunteered for a year's trainavailable for noncombatant service only: it for ing. Enough men then were taken from Class I in general service). B: Available; fit only for limited each State to fill the quotas. These men are called military service. (Class I-B-O: Conscientious ob- in the order their numbers were drawn in the jector; available for noncombatant service only; lottery. At only for limited service). C: Member of land Although 800,000 men originally were scheduled or naval forces or Coast Guard of United States. to be called by July 1, 1941, a much smaller H: Man who has reached twenty-eighth birthday number were inducted by that date because of on July 1 without having been inducted.
unexpectedly large number of enlistments in the Class II-A: Man necessary in his civilian regular Army. activity. B: Man necessary to national defense. Because of the elimination of the 900,000 limitaClass III-A: Man with dependents.
tion, the War Department can call in men as Class IV-A: Man who has completed service. they are needed. B: Official deferred by law. C: Nondeclarant Legislation designed to afford debt relief to men alien, D: Minister of religion or divinity student. who cannot meet their financial obligations beE: Conscientious objector; available only for cause of the call to military training was signed civilian work of national importance; fit for gen- (Oct. 18) by President Roosevelt. The law gives eral service. (Class IV-E-LS: Conscientious ob- the courts wide latitude to stay eviction proceedings jector; available only for civilian work of national where the rent is not more than $80 a month, to importance; At only for limited service). (Class prevent foreclosures and to delay judgments. PayIV-E-H: Conscientious objector formerly classified ment of premiums on insurance policies up to in Class IV-E or Class IV-E-LS, who has reached $5,000 face amount may be deferred while the twenty-eighth birthday on July 1 without being holders are in service and for one year thereafter, assigned to work of national importance). F: Tax assessments, including income payments, may Physically, mentally, or morally unfit.
be deferred until six months after military service Meanwhile the Research and Statistics Division has ended. The law also calls for adequate legal of National Headquarters, Selective Service System representation in court suits for defendants who in Washington, determines from time to time the are absent on military service and courts are quota of each State, based on population and num- authorized to stay execution of judgments or to ber of men from that State already in the Army | reopen cases for further evidence.
900,000 OF SELECTIVE SERVICE REGISTRANTS REJECTED On Oct. 10, 1941, Brig. Gen. Louis B. Hershey, only limited service or because of mental, nervous, Director of the Selective Service System, reported cardiovascular, and pulmonary diseases, and musto President Roosevelt that about 50 percent of culo-skeletal defects are incapable of rehabilitation the approximately two million registrants who for even limited service and are, therefore, not have been examined for induction into the Army being considered under the present rehabilitation of the United States under the Selective Training program for Selective Service registrants. and Service Act of 1940 have been disqualified be- Certain types of venereal diseases, operable cause of physical, mental, or educational reasons. hernias, deficiencies in teeth and vision, and other of the approximately one million rejected, 900,000 minor defects will be corrected in cases where the or about 90 percent, were found to be physically Army determines that the registrant will then be or mentally unfit.
acceptable for general military service. The regisThe physical rejections of registrants were trant will have the privilege of having the services distributed as follows:
performed by his family physician or dentist in Cause
No. Cases Pct.
his own community. The cost of this rehabilitation Dental defects.
program will be borne by the Federal Government. Defective eyes.
Release of Enlisted Men-Details for the release Cardiovascular diseases
of nearly 200,000 men in the second half of 1941 Musculo-skeletal defects
were made public by the War Department in Venereal diseases
August. The allotments were as follows: Mental and nervous diseases 57,000 6.3
First Army, 39,300; Second, 19,300; Third, Hernia
46,000; Fourth, 16,200. Defects of ears.
Armored Force, 8.700; Arms and Services with Defects of feet.
the Army Air Forces, 5, 100. Defective lungs, incl. tuberculosis 26,000 2.9 Panama Canal Department, 4,400; Puerto Rican, Miscellaneous
159,000 17.7 3,000: Hawaiian, 5.000; Philippine, 1,200.
Alaska Defense Command, 1,400. Total
First Corps Area, 900; Second, 3,200; Third,
8,300; Fourth, 11,000; Fifth, 1,400; Sixth, 2,000; of the above number, said Gen. Hershey, about Seventh, 5,300; Eighth, 6,300; Ninth, 5,000. 200,000 can be completely rehabilitated and made Dependency and hardship cases ranked first. In available for general service in our armed forces. other cases one year of service was a prerequisite The remainder can be rehabilitated to perform to release.
LIFE INSURANCE FOR SELECTIVE SERVICE MEN In the year since Oct. 8. 1940, when the National loss of their policies for non-payment of premiums Service Act was adopted, draitees paid approxi- during the training period or one-year thereafter. mately $7,381,365 in premiums for government
If a policy is to lapse for non-payment of premium, life insurance policies totaling $2,077,416,000. There
the government sends to the life insurance comhave been approximately 610,000 policies issued
pany a certificate, bearing interest, which becomes through the National Service Insurance Section
security for the premiums due.
The government is protected by executing a llen and only 419 claims for benefits.
on the policy for the amount of its certifcate and The assistance act made voluntary life Insurance interest. At the end of the draftee's service, the available to all enlisted and commissioned person-policyholder has one year in which to pay past nel of armed forces. The draftee is given 120 days due premiums plus interest. If he fails to do so, in which to determine whether he wants a policy, the policy lapses and the government executes its and in what amounts. The policy is for a ave- lien upon the cash surrender value. year term contract, available for any amount from These measures are in addition to those provid$1,000 to $5,000, and convertible before the end of ing for restoration of former employment on comthe Afth year to whole life, twenty-payment life pletion of the training period. or thirty-payment life.
A 21-year-old selectee pays 65 cents a month for The government also protects draftees against a $1,000 policy.
Nation's 21-35 Man Power Put at 16,072,144 The United States Bureau of the Census informed the Selective Service System (April 19, 1941) that the man power by year ages of the country was: NonNonNon
NonAge White White Age White White Age
White White Age White White 18 1,108.318 134,521 || 23. 1,017,194 114,752 28 955,657 109,309 / 33 906.781 98.079 19 1.104,294 127,378 || 24. 1,007,337 113,976 29 933,637 107.238 34 894,282
99.137 20 1.044,966 125,79025. 1,040,514 117,291 30..
946.875 103,998 | 35. 881,514 99,726 21 1.014,813 113.543 26 1,003,601 113.607 31. 933,264 100,493 22 1,024,326 115,235 27. 977,225 110,834132. 919,742 98,264
U.S. 16,771,058 2,583,084 1,283,084 1,300.000 Nev
17.383 2,518 1,044 Ala. 346,429 52,316 24,635 27.681 N. H.
6.710 Ariz. 63,036 10,083 5,495 4,588 N. J.
545,210 80,668 35,778 Ark 235,418 35,983 17,514 18,469 N. M
65,907 10,038 4,839 Calit. 948.085 146.117 72,701 73,416 N. Y.
1,714,374 250,889 107.534 Colo. 135, 245 22,713 13,726 8,987 N. C.
450.769 69,804 35,161 Coun 222,607 34,589 17,575 17,014 N. D.
76,370 12,232 6.685 Del 35,075 5,370 2,625 2,745 Ohio.
851,672 120,123 45,318 D. of C 114,078 16.808 7,359 9,449 Okla.
267,742 48,769 34,004 Fla. 254,661 38,202 17,651 20,551 Oreg.
134,507 24,719 17,476 G& 397,212 64,2911 35,976 28,315 |Pa..
1,245, 256 189,979 92,010 Idaho 70,930 11,984 7,328 4,656 R. I.
85,288 13,818 7,748 Ill.. 1,011,976 147,518 62,438 85,080S.C.
240,788 39,018 21,889 Ind. 416,713 60,751 25,920 34,831 |S. D.
71,232 11.413 6,244 lowa. 285,792 48,010 29.033 18,977 Tenn.
367.346 56,592 28,128 Kan 192,958 33,269 21,135 12,134 Texas
824,455 136,488 80,140 ку. 331,547 53.990 30,616 23,374 | Utah..
65,514 11,168 6,946 La. 308,801 48,399 19,743 25,656 Vt..
39,741 6,934 4,500 Me. 93,510 16.200 10,381 5,819||Va.
346,076 55,649 30.690 Md. 240,749 37,173 18,585 18,588 Wash
214.840 38,276 25,747 Mass. 500,855 86,385 54,912 31,473 W. Va
238,434 38,026 20,579 Mich.. 676,070 92,860 31.494 61.366 Wisc.
369,924 56.344 27,167 Minn 330,065 51,238 25.973 25, 265 Wyo.
33,069 5,581 3,405
73,552 11,964 6,768 5,196 P. Rico.. 243,342 32,323 9,360 Nebr.
144,356 23,376 13,089 10,287
INDUCTION OF REGISTRANTS BY STATES, AS OF SEPT. 30, 1941 U, S. (and ter.) 790,121 Illinois.
6,777 South Dakota. U.S. (Contin.) 783,351 Indiana.
12,169 N. Hampshire. 1,972 Texas. Alabama. 15,929 Kansas
7,611 New Jersey...
33,028 Utah. Arizona 3,079 Kentucky.
New Mexico... 3,336 Vermont. Arkansas. 10.238 Louisiana
16,282 New York... 101,624 Virginia Callfornia. 42,237 Maine.
3,718 N. Carolina 18,871 Washington Colorado.
4,351 Maryland. 13.182 North Dakota. 3,170 West Virginia.. Connecticut 10.831 Massachusetts. 21,230 Ohio
8,563 Wyoming Dist. of Col.. 6.036
3,269 Alaska, Florida.
12,718 Pennsylvania 53,602 Hawall.
21,486 Rhode Island. 3,742 Puerto Rico. Idaho...
3,083 S. Carolina... 8,837
1,474 3,226 44,890
5,199 143,355 34,643
5,347 74,805 14,765
5,169 28,464 56,348 4,222 2,434 24,959 12,529 17,447 29,177 2,176
877 5,711 22,963
3,104 16,135 33,373 2,327
6,491 10,551 19.153 1.236
Composition of the United States Army
The Army of approximately 100,000 officers and by giving noncombatant jobs to civilians. It is 1,400,000 enlisted men, and, as of June 30, 1941, estimated that 40,000 enlisted men can be released was made up approximately as follows:
for more active service if such a plan is adopted. Four field armies (29 divisions)
456.000 The infantry was divided into square and triArmored force (four divisions)
43.000 angular divisions. The 18 square divisions consist Air forces
167,000 of 2 infantry brigades of 2 regiments each, and 1 Field artillery
61.000 artillery brigade of 3 regiments. Anti-aircrait
81,000 The 9 triangular divisions are organized on the Harbor defenses
46.000 basis of 3 regiments of infantry, each of which is Post personnel
160,000 ordinarily supported by i battalion of artillery to Overseas garrisons.
120,000 form a combat team. An additional batallion of Engineers
35,000 heavier artillery is available for further reinforceSignal Corps
13,500 ment. Draftees at replacement centers
150,000 The armament and strength of the three types Medical Corps and other units, .
of divisions, as of today, is shown in the following The Army plans to increase its fighting personnel table:
mored Trian- Square Divi
Trian- Square Divigular sion
sion Omicers and men. 16.024 21,000 12,700 77 mm, anti-tk. guns.
8 Rifles. 7,327 10,047 2,016 105 mm, howitzers..
36 Machine guns, cal. .30.
0 Machine guns and sub
97 machine guns, caliber
Hall track trucks.
0 642 .45 and .50. 148 144 2,838 81 mm. mortar carriers..
20 60 mm. mortars.
0 273 81 mm. mortars.
0 108 37 mm, anti-tk, guns
79 Initial equipment for a square division, including 20 to 30 aimed shots per minute, as compared with ordnance material, clothing, transportation, and the 10 to 15 shots possible with the older Springother items, is approximately $11,444,000 or $536 field rifle. The rifleman's firepower is doubled by per enlisted man. The same equipment cost for the new weapons. the triangular division is $7.659,000 or $524 per Maneuvers of the 2nd Armored Division in the enlisted man. The difference in the cost figure per "Battle of Tennessee" focused the attention of the man lies in the additional equipment carried by the public on the fire power and importance of the service units of the larger square division,
Armored Force in the American scheme of defense. Costs jump for the completely motorized tri- The amount of fire power-ammunition and gunsangular division, with a per man initial equipment packed by the 381 light and medium tanks, and figure of $1,010, based on an enlisted strength of 2,700 vehicles that comprise the mechanized, arapproximately 15,400 enlisted men. Armored di- mored division is 600 tons of ammunition of all visions, slightly smaller with 12,000 enlisted classes for one day's fire (the theoretical, average men, have an initial equipment cost of $2,862 total amount of ammunition required for all per man,
weapons of a unit in one day's fighting) of an Firepower per man in either organization is armored division, as compared with 39 tons for the nearly the same. A rifieman, in either type of old square division, and 55 tons for the motorized, division, equipped with the Garand rifle, can fire triangular division.