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Queens County Democratic Executive Committee
Source: World Almanac Questionnaire
Chairman-James A. Roe. Executive Secretary-John J. Burns.
James J. Delaney 2533 30th Dr., L. I. C.. Adele Johnson. 2812 29th St., L. I. C.
Nan Hart-Hetner. 2142 45th Rd., LI, C.
Catherine Boydell. 4414 Newtown Rd., L. L C.
2327 21st St., L I. C. Harry W. Kalich... 6212 Saunders St., Rego Pk. Clara Lurz. 6079 70th St., Maspeth Geo. Torsney 4001 50th Ave., L. I. C.. Hannah Shannon. 4816 47th St., Woodside Alex Frontera. 5436 69th Pl., Maspeth. Eliz. Ring
6130 Maspeth Ave., Maspeth Jas. A. Phillips.. 7805 67th Rd., Mid. vi. Eva Cassidy.
5414 90th St. Elmhurst Peter Blasius.
1872 Gates Ave., Ridgewood| Winifred Schwerdt.. 6137 Palmetto St., Ridgewood Martin A. Gleason.. 1025 150th St., Whitestone.. |Mae V. Gallis. 2713 Ericsson St., E. Elmhurt Frank McGlynn ..
2077 45th St., L. 1. C....... May K. Gensmere. 2813 47th St., L.I.C. Herbert Koehler... 3036 86th St., Jackson Hghts. Mabel White. 8114 Dongan Ave, Elmhurst Jos. Loscalzo.. 8619 Britton Ave., Elmhurst.Mary Lennon 103-10 27th Ave., Elmhurst Michael Rooney 147-1612th Ave., Whitestone. Amella Connell 1222 122d St., College Pt. James A. Roe. 35-62 167th St., Flushing Emily Gautier. 9902 220th St., Queens VII. Pierce Whalen. 8625 123d St., Richm'nd Hin Catherine Clark. 119-39 145th St., S. Ozone Pk. Joseph M. Loncrkan 139-12 87th Dr.. Jamaica.... Isabel Crowly
162-05 89th Ave., Jamaica William J. Goodwin. 138-33 233d St., Laurelton Mae Etter.
177-23 MayerAve.,Spgid Gda Daniel Haggerty.. 109-86 200th St., Hollis. Kath. M. Zamow. 190-04 104th Ave, Hollis
Thos. J. Lanigan, 8926 216th St., Queens Vil... Mrs. Ella Meade.. 9053 209th St., Queens VRL
2937 159th St., Flushing. Margaret Keenan 4336 Smart Ave., Flushing
Hin John J. Lutz 89-06 95th St., Woodhaven.. Helen Reid.
8507 88th Ave., Woodhaven John F. Sweek 103-02130th St., Richm'd Hill Sara Farrell.
109-47110th St. Richr'nd HII Anthony J. Yocis. 132-25 82nd St., Ozone Park Mae Geraghty. 9707 94th St., Ozone Park
John Corrigan. 315Beach 90th St., Rock, Bch. Agnes Winneid, 1225 Beach118th St., Rock.Bch
Queens County Republican Executive Committee
Source: World Almanac Questionnaire
(Headquarters, 86-15 Lefferts Boulevard, Richmond Hill)
Address 1 Frank Kenna.. 3549 28th St. L. I. C.. Lucie Qerther 3215 41st St., L. I. C. 2 John Christensen 4534 47th St., Woodside. Minnie Herzog 1687 Grove St., Ridgewood 3 James V. Lione. 2634 94th St., Jack'n Hghts. Ann Alexander. 7020 45th Ave., Woodside 4 John Kochendorfer. 160-16 Jamaica Ave., Jam'ca Hazel Sands... 209-35 Bardwell Ave.,
Queens Village 5 Ralph Halpern 8380 118th St., Kew Gar'ens Grace L. DeGroot. . 9526 117th St., Rich'd Hin 6 Frederic E. Knauss.. 6950 Nansen St., Forest Hills Mathilde Stutz... 7713 Jamaica Ave., Wood
Richmond County Democratic Executive Committee
Source: World Almanac Questionnaire
(Headquarters, 38 Central Ave., St. George, Staten Island) County Chairman--Jeremiah Sullivan. Secretary--Albert Maniscalco. Treasurer--William J. Dempsey.
Lawrence A. Quinlan Robert Clifford Miss Nora Haley
James A. O'Leary
Richmond County Republican Executive Committee
Source: World Almanac Questionnaire Chairman-Robert S. Woodward, Country Club Grounds, Dongan Hills. Vice Chairman-Robert J. Johnson, 153 Clove Rd., W. New Brighton 2nd Vice Chairwoman-Gertrude Knapp, Tenth St., New Dorp. Treasurer - Albert Randon, Bedell Ave., Tottenville. Secretary-William Mackowski, 19 Grove Place, Port Richmond. Chairman
Address 1st Ward Edward A. Ruppeil.
230 Hart Blvd.
W. New Brighton 2nd Ward Arthur L. Wilshaw
Stapleton 3rd Ward. William Muirhead.
Port Richmond 4th Ward Richard Barrell.
Fort Wadsworth 5th Ward Albert Hallowell,
77 Bedell Ave.
Tottenville Member-at-Large.. Spencer C. Herrick.
52 Delafeld Ave.
W. New Brighton
RADIO, TELEVISION, MOTION PICTURES
Source: The National Broadcasting Company, Inc. 1600 William Gibert conceived of the earth as a great magnet, with magnetic poles and a field of force
about it. Laid foundation for later discoveries. 1745--Musschenbroeck of Leyden discovered the principle of the electrostatic condenser. 1780—Luigi Galvani discovered "galvanic" electricity. 1794--Alessandro Volta invented the voltaic cell. 1831--Laws of electromagnetic induction formulated by Michael Faraday. 1864James Clerk Maxwell, of Cambridge University, proved the existence of and predicted the action
of electromagnetic waves. 1872–First patent for wireless telegraphy system was granted to Dr. Mahlon Loomis, of Washington,
D. C. 1875—Thomas A. Edison noticed an electrical phenomenon he called “etheric force." Led to develop
ment of the Fleming two-electrode vacuum tube. 1878-David Edward Hughes demonstrated a carbon microphone before the Royal Society in London. 1886-Heinrich Hertz, & German, produced and identified electromagnetic waves and proved that they
could be transmitted through space with the speed of light, 1890-Edouard Branly developed the coherer" as a detector of wireless signals. 1895-Guglielmo Marconi sent and received his first wireless signals across his father's estate in Italy. 1896-Marconi in England took out a patent covering his system of wireless telegraphy. Signaled over
a distance of two miles at Salisbury, England. 1897-Marconi formed the Wireless Telegraph and Signal Company to manufacture wireless equipment
and to provide a wireless communication service. The organization's name was later changed to
Marconi Wireless Telegraph Co., Ltd. 1899-Marconi transmitted the first wireless signals over the English Channel, 1900-Historic patent No. 7777, covering a tuned wireless system, granted to Marconi. 1901—Marconi, in Newfoundland, received the first transatlantic wireless signal, the letter "S." trans
mitted from Poldhu, England. 1902--Wireless telephony demonstrated aboard ship in the Potomac River, near Washington, D. C.
Human voice transmitted a mile without wires in Fairmount Park, Philadelphia. 1904 Two-element vacuum tube detector invented by Ambrose Fleming. 1907-Lee de Forest invented the "audion, a three-element vacuum tube. The New York Times re
ceived on regular westward Marconi trans-Atlantic service a message in code from Clifden.
Ireland, via Glace Bay, Nova Scotia. 1909—Jack Binns, wireless operator on the S.S. Republic, summoned rescue ships after his vessel had
collided with the S.S. Florida. 1910-Radio message transmitted from airplane over Sheepshead Bay, New York City. 1912-Titanic disaster focused public attention on value of wireless at sea. 1914–Direct communication between station WSL, Sayville, L. 1., and POZ, Nauen, Germany, was
established. Regenerative or feed-back circuit patented by Edwin H. Armstrong. 1915-Voices transmitted from Naval station at Arlington, Va., to Eiffel Tower, Paris, a distance of
3,700 miles; also from Arlington to Hawaii, a distance of 3,000 miles. 1917-High-frequency alternator of increased power designed by E.-F. W. Alexanderson, of the General
Electric Company. 1919– Radio Corporation of America was organized to take over Marconi facilities in the United States. 1920- Transmission of press bulletins on Harding-Cox election over Station KDKA, Pittsburgh, marks
the beginning of broadcasting. First college football game broadcast at College Station, Texas 1921-Station KDKA, Pittsburgh, broadcast the religious service of Calvary Baptist Church, Pittsburgh. 1922-Station WEAF 'broadcast in New York City a commercial message of the Queensboro Realty Com
pany, the first advertising broadcast. 1923-Stations WEAF and WNAC linked in first network broadcast of 3 hours, 15 minutes. Louis A
Hazeltine, of Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, N. J., announced a non-radiating neutro
dyne receiver ior which he later received a patent. 1924–Radio Corporation of America transmitted photographs across the Atlantic by radio. The
first pictures were sent from London to New York in twenty minutes. 1925-Inauguration of President Coolidge was broadcast by 24 stations. The all-electric home receiver
was made possible through the introduction of alternating-current tubes. 1926- The National Broadcasting Company, first of the great American radio networks, was organized.
First demonstration of true television, with images in hall tones, given by John-Logie Baird. 1927–The Columbia Broadcasting Company was organized. United States Radio Commission created
with authority to grant licenses for one year, fix wave lengths and hours of operation. 1928-Television image transmitted across the Atlantic by short radio waves from Station 2KZ, Purley.
England, to Station 2CVJ, Hartsdale, N. Y. Television in color demonstrated. 1929– A communication from the Antarctic base of Richard E. Byrd announced that he and his com
panions had flown over the South Pole. Bell Telephone Laboratories demonstrated television in
color in New York City. 1930—Ship program broadcast from a ship off Ambrose Light to Rockaway, N. Y., where radio waves
were picked up and transmitted via land wire to New York City. Two demonstrations of television given in the auditorium of the Bell Telephone Company laboratories and the American Telegraph and Telephone Company in New York City. Persons in these two buildings, although separated by a long distance, were able to see and converse with each other as if in the same
room. Talking picture sent by television at Schenectady, N. Y. 1931—"Hansel and Gretel" was the first complete opera to be broadcast from the stage of the Metro
politan Opera. Station W9XAP, Chicago, presented television broadcast of a play. 1934–The Federal Communications Commission was organized to regulate radio, wire telephony and
wire telegraphy. It succeeded the Federal Radio Commission as a regulator of radio communications. Mutual Broadcasting System was organized. First radio police car for two-way operation demonstrated by General Electric Company at Schenectady, N, Y. Station W2XAP, a short-wave station of the General Electric Company at Schenectady, N. Y., completed a broadcast from the
Arctic to the Antarctic. 1935–Production of metal tubes announced by the General Electric Company. Television moving pic
ture broadcast made in Jenkins laboratory, Washington, DC 1936–Former King Edward VIII, following his abdication, addressed a farewell to a world-wide
audience believed to be the largest ever to listen to a single broadcast. 1937-The first major symphony orchestra to be organized and maintained by an American broadcaster
expressly for the radio audience was founded by the National Broadcasting Company. 1938Television sidewalk interviews conducted on the streets in New York, 1939– Regular public television service, comprising news and sports events and studio productions, begun
in New York City by NBC. 1940-Republican National Convention in Philadelphia telecast there and in New York City. Commer
cial broadcasting over frequency modulated sound transmitters, operating on ultra-short waves,
authorized by the Federal Communications Commission. 1941-Commercial television broadcasting authorized by Federal Communications Commission. First
commercial License granted to Station WNBT. New York City.
Poll of Radio Editors Names Air Favorites The New York World-Telegram, a Scripps Howard newspaper, annually conducts a poll of radio editors in the United States and Canada to determine the popular leaders in the various forms of entertainment over the air. The poll is the oldest and most comprehensive of radio editorial opinion. In the tenth annual poll in 1940 votes were cast by radio editors representing all the large cities in the United States and Canada and also the smaller centers. Votes are tabulated on the basis of three points for each editor's first choice, two for second and one for third choice. Here are the leaders for 1937. 1938, 1939 and 1940.
Fifth 1940-Jack Benny
Bing Crosby Hour 1938-Jack Benny Charlie McCarthy Bing Crosby
Information Please Fred Allen
LIGHT ORCHESTRA 1940.-Guy Lombardo Glenn Miller
Kay Kyser 1939-Guy Lombardo Kay Kyser
Andre Kostelanetz Wayne King
Glenn Muller 1938-Guy Lombardo Kay Kyser
QUIZ PROGRAM 1940-Information Take it or
Truth or Conse- Quiz Kids
quences 1939--Information Kay Kyser
Professor Quiz Doctor I. Q.
What's My Name Please 1938Information Professor Quiz Kay Kyser
What's My Name Ask-It Basket Please
MALE POPULAR SINGER 1940 - Bing Crosby Kenny Baker
Tony Martin 1939-Bing Crosby Kenny Baker
Dennis Day 1938-Bing Crosby Kenny Baker
Frank Parker Lanny Ross
Nelson Eddy GIRL POPULAR SINGER 1940 Kate Smith Dinah Shore
Connie Boswell Ginnie Simms Frances Langford 1939. Frances Langford Kate Smith
Connie Boswell Ginnie Simms Dorothy Lamour 1938 - Frances Langford Kate Smith
Connie Boswell Jane Frohman Dorothy Lamour
DRAMATIC PROGRAM 1940-Radio Theater Helen Hayes
One Man's Family Arch Obeler
shop 1939 - Radio Theater Orson Welles One Man's Family Star Theater NBC Great Play
Series 1938 --Radio Theater Orson Welles One Man's Family Big Town
shop SYMPHONIC CONDUCTOR 1940.--Arturo Toscanini John Barbirolli Alfred Wallenstein Leopold Stokowski Andre Kostelanet 1939---Arturo Toscanini John Barbirolli Alfred Wallenstein Frank Black
Eugene Ormandy 1938 - Arturo Toscanini John Barbirolli Frank Black
Alfred Wallenstein CLASSICAL SINGER 1940 Lily Pons Richard Crooks Lawrence Tibbett
James Melton John Charles
Thomas 1939--Nelson Eddy Lawrence Tibbett Richard Crooks Lily Pons
Margaret Speaks 1938--Nelson Eddy Lawrence Tibbett Richard Crooks Lily Pons
Kirsten Flagstad SPORTS ANNOUNCER 1940 Bill Stern
Fort Pearson 1939 Fill Stern
Clem McCarthy Sam Taub 1938-Ted Husing Bil Stern
Clem McCarthy Red Barber
Bob Elson PROGRAM ANNOUNCER 1940-Don Wilson Harry von Zell Ken Carpenter Milton Cross
Ben Grauer 1939--Don Wilson Harry von Zell Milton Cross
Ken Carpenter David Ross 1938-Don Wilson Ken Carpenter Harry von Zell Milton Cross
Paul Douglas COMMENTATOR 1940.-Raymond Gram H. V. Kaltenborn Lowell Thomas Elmer Davis Paul Sullivan
Swing 1939-Lowell Thomas H. V. Kaltenborn Raymond Gram Walter Winchell Paul Sullivan
Swing 1938-H. V. Kaltenborn Lowell Thomas Edwin C. Hill
Gabriel Heatter CHILDREN'S PROGRAM 1940-Ireene Wicker Let's Pretend
March of Games 1939--Let's Pretend Lone Ranger
Little Orphan American School March of Games
of the Air 1938--Let's Pretend Ireene Wicker Lone Ranger
Little Orphan American School
of the Air
Vic and Sade 1939--Fred Waring Walter Winchell Amos 'n' Andy Easy Aces
Lum 'n' Abner 1938-Amos 'n' Andy Lum 'n' Abner Easy Aces
Lowell Thomas Walter Winchen
LEADING COMEDIAN 1940-Jack Benny Bob Hope
Fibber McGee Charlie McCarthy
and Molly 1939-Jack Benny Fred Allen
Charlie McCarthy Bob Hope
and Molly 1938-Jack Benny
and Molly OUTSTANDING NEW STAR. 1940-Dinah Shore 1939--Alec Templeton 1938 Orson Welles
OUTSTANDING SINGLE BROADCAST 1940--NBC eyewitness account of Graf Spee scuttling.
Roll Call of the Radio Industry, Dec. 1, 1941
Source: Radio Today Manufacturers of radio receivers
82 Radio-set and parts distributors. Manufacturers of radio tubes
7 Manufacturers' agents Manufacturers of radio parts
734 Retail outlets selling radios Manufacturers of test equipment,
Dealers doing 85 of radio business Manufacturers of broadcast and amateur
Servicemen, including dealers' servicemen equipment
105 Radio amateurs and experimenters. Manufacturers of sound equipment
95 Broadcasting stations..
297 59,000 14,500 40.000 95,000
RADIO-SET AND TUBE SALES
Number Retail Value
previously without radios 2,000,000 $100,000,000 Automobile radios
2,000,000 70,000,000 Home radios sold as extra Home radios sold in U. S. 10,400,000 365,000,000
5,400,000 Consoles 2,500,000 135.000.000
Tube replacements Table models 5,700,000 120.000.000
32,000,000 35,000,000 Combinations
Tubes, initial equipment. . 92,500,000 102,000,000 Portables, battery
Total tubes sold 1941, inFarm radios, battery
1,000,000 25,000,000 cluding exports.. 130,000,000 143,000,000 Home sets sold as
3,000,000 160,000,000 | Phonograph records. .100,000,000 40,000,000
Annual Bill of U. S. for Radio
Source: Radio Today Sales of time by broadcasters, 1941, $185,000,000 32,000,000 replacement tubes @ $1.10. . $ 35,000,000 Talent costs 37,000,000 Radio parts, supplies, etc.
63,000,000 Electricity, batteries, etc., to operate
Servicing radio sets.
70,000,000 56,000,000 receivers
220,000,000 12,400,000 radios sold in 1941 at retail.. 434,000,000 Total
Radio Sets in Use
Source: Radio Today
Jan. 1, 1941 Dec. 1, 1941 29,200,000
Battery portables. U. S. homes with radios. ...
7,000,000 8,500,000 "Secondary" sets in above homes
13,000,000 15,000,000 Total sets in use, U. S. ,.51,000,000 56,000,000
HOMES WITH RADIOS, TOTAL SETS IN USE
Number in U, S. 1922
60,000 7400.000 1932 1923
1,000,000 1,500,000 1933 1924
2,500,000 3.000.000 1934 1925
3,500.000 4.000.000 1935 1926
5,000,000 5.000.000 1936 1927
6,500,000 6.500,000 1937 1928
7,500,000 8,500,000 1938 1929
9.000.000 10.500.000 1939 1930
12,048.762 13.000.000 1940
14.000.000 15,000,000 1941 fIncludes home-built sets,
Homes with Total Radio
Number in U. S. 16.809.562 18,000,000 20,402.369 22,000,000 21,456.000 28,000,000 22,869,000 30,500,000 24,600,000 33.000.000 26.666,500 37,600,000 28,000,000 40.800.000 28,700,000 45,200,000 29.200.000 51,000,000 29,700,000 56,000,000
Growth of Radio in U. S.
Source: Radio Today
Motor Car Radio Ap. Auto Sets
for Bdcst. in Use
Recept. Number Value Number Value Number Value Value Number 1922. 100,000 $5,000,000 1,000.000 $6.000.000
$60,000,000 1923. 550,000 15,000,000 4,500,000 12,000,000
136.000.000 1924. 1,500.000 100.000.000 12,000,000 36,000,000
358,000,000 1925. 2,000,000 165,000,000 20.000.000 48.000.000
430.000.000 1926. 1,750,000 200.000.000 30,000,000 58,000,000
506,000,000 1927. 1,350.000 108,000,000 41,200,000 67.300.000
425,600.000 1928. 3,281,000 400,000,000 50,200,000 110.250,000
690,550.000 1929 4,428,000 600.000.000 69.000.000 172,500,000
3,827,800 300.000.000 52,000,000 119,600.000 34.000 $3,000,000 496,432,000 1931. 3,420,000 225,000,000 53.000.000 69,550,000 108.000 5.940.000 300,000,000 100,000 1932. 3,000,000 140,000,000 44.300.000 48,730.000 143.000 7,150.000 200.000.000 250,000 1933. 3,806,000 230,099.000 59.000.000 49.000.000 724,000 28,598,000 300,000,000
500,000 1934. 4,084,000 270,000,000 58,000,000 36,600.000 780,000 28,000,000 350.000.000 1,250.000 1935
6,026,800/330.192.480 71.000.000 50,000,000 1.125,000 51.562,500 370.000.000 2,000,000 1936
8,248,000 450,000,000 98.000.000 69.000.000 1,412,000 69.188,000 500.000.000 3,500.000 1937*
8.064.780 450.000.000 91.000.000 85,000,000 1,750,000 87,500,000 537,000,000 5.000.000 19384 6.000.000 210.000.000 75.000.000 93.000.000 800.0001 32.000.000 350.000.000 6.000.000 1939 10,500,000 354.000.000 91,000,000 114.000.000 1,200,000 48,000,000 375.000.000 6.500.000 1940 11,800,000 450.000.000 115,000,000 115,000.000 1.700,000 60.000.000 584,000,000 7,500,000 1941 13.
8.500,000 Figures for sets include value of tubes in receivers. In recent years, replacement tubes have run 25% to 40% of total tube sales. All figures are at retail values.
Operations of Broadcast Industry in U. S.
Source: Federal Communications Commission The broadcast business in the United States (1940) | figure does not include any amounts for talent reached a new high of $154,823,787, an increase of employed by sponsors, but it does include stas $24,855,761, or 19 per cent, over 1939. This amount musicians and artists who are employed full time was for the sale of time only, as reported by three
by networks and stations.
For a typical week 21,646 persons were so en. major networks, five regional networks, and 765
ployed as compared with 19,873 (1939), or an stations. The industry also derived $13,181.948
increase of 1,773. This increase was made up o! from the sale of talent and other services (1940), an additional 215 executives and 1,490 employees an increase of $1,871,696 over 1939.
below executive grade for individual stations, 14 In consequence, the broadcast service income executives and 65 employees for regional network, (operating profit) of the entire industry increased and 3 executives for major networks, with the (1940) by more than $9,000,000 over 1939, or about latter having 14 less employees. 39 per cent. This despite the fact that the in- The average weekly compensation for the 21,645 dustry's expenses increased by $13,806,089, of which full time employees of the entire industry as $994,573 was for 62 new stations.
$47.13, up $1.23 per person from 1939, including The three major networks (National, Columbia, executives of the stations and of the networks. and Mutual) had combined time sales of $71,919,428 The average for the 19,326 employees of stations for the year, about 15 per cent over 1939. They and networks below the executive grade was $41.58 paid out $22, 123,760 to stations and regional net- for the week. The average weekly compensation works compared with $18,023,195 the year previous. for station executives was $84.69, while for station Thus, the three major networks recorded & broad- employees only, below the grade of executive, the cast service income (operating profit) of $13,705,- average was $37.97. For major network executives 043. This came from operation of their own the average was $251.68, while the average for stations as well as their networks and constituted major network employees below the grade of 41 per cent of the broadcast income of the entire executive was $57.55. industry compared with 46 per cent (1939).
Part time employees for the industry were 4,007 There were 457 network stations and 308 non- and their total compensation for the average week network stations operating (1940) compared with was $110.144. This was in addition to the full time 397 and 308 respectively (1939).
pay roll. The stations had 3,511 part time execuThe industry employed (1940) approximately tives and other employees with a part time pas 22,000 persons on a full time basis, with a weekly roll of $78,917 for the week, and the major net. payroll up $107,295 from 1939. The weekly payroll works had 492 part time executives and other was $1,020,348 for all full time employees. This employees with a part time pay roll of $31,171,
Radio Call Letters
Source: Federal Communications Commission Under international agreement, the first letter letters are reserved for aircraft radio stations, or the first two letters of radio call signals in- Any existing call letter assignment not in wcdicates the nationality of the station.
cordance with this policy is due to the fact that As a general rule, land stations use three letters.
the station was licensed before the allocation plan ship stations four letters, and aircraft stations five
Though limited to the use of K or was the letters. One or two letters and a single figure
initial letter, the Commission has provided disfollowed by a group of not more than three letters tinctive calls for FM broadcast stations by adopt. identify amateur stations and commercial stations, ing a system of letters with interposed numbers,
The Federal Communications Commission now Between the initial letter and supplemental letter has approximately 65,000 active radio call letter (or letters) two numbers are used. These numbers assignments outstanding, exclusive of Government indicate the frequency assignment. This is possible stations. Licensing of both radio stations and because all FM stations are on the odd hundreds operators is now according to a definite plan. This of kilocycles in the 42000-50000 kilocycle band. is in contrast to the early days of radio when there Thus, the first figure and the last two figures of the was little or no system.
frequency assignment can be dropped. In addition, At the turn of the century it became apparent the city or area is indicated by the second letter that wireless stations should bear certain desig- or a combination of second and third letters. Thus, nated letters in order to avoid confusion. The Boston stations terminate with B, with stations in Berlin International Radio Convention of 1906 New York City terminate with NY. Example: proposed such a system, effective in 1908. This W41B would indicate an FM station in Boston procedure of assigning call letters was adopted by operating on 44100 kilocycles. By the same token. the United States when it ratified the convention K43SF would apply to an FM station in San in 1912
Francisco using 44300 kilocycles. Ratification of the Berlin convention gave the There is no international bar to the use of this United States use of three initial letters-N, K, FM identifying system. A like principle is followed and W. Hence the domestic assignment of com- for broadcast stations in Chile. Its domestic use binations beginning with these letters. These are will not disturb the approximately 15,000 remaining allocated by the Federal Communications Com- four-letter call combinations now being assigned at mission as follows: Call letters beginning with N the rate of 40 to 50 a week. Under international are reserved for the exclusive use of the United treaty, ship stations have priority in assignment States Navy and the United States Coast Guard. of four-letter calls. Call letters beginning with Kare assigned to Prior to radio regulation, wireless stations usad stations located west of the Mississippi River and whatever call letters struck their fancy. Thus, a in the territories of the United States. Call letters commercial station at Point Judith, R. I., used beginning with w are assigned to stations east of BJ, and one in New York City adopted NY. Enactthe Mississippi River. Call letters beginning with ment of the pioneer radio act in 1910 reassigned KH followed by various combinations of three calls and did away with duplication.
William S. Paley Amateur Radio Awards The Paley award is presented annually by William S. Paley, president of the Columbia Broadcasting System, "to the individual, who through amateur radio, in the opinion of an impartial board of awards, has contributed most usefully to the American people, either in research, technical development or operating achievement, and to be open to all amateur radio operators in the United States and Canada."
1936-Walter Stiles, Coudersport, Pa., for sup- at Westerly, R. 1.. for his work in the hurricane plying through his amateur transmitter the sole of September, 1938, when he remained on duty for direct means of communication for 4,000 citizens 56 hours at great personal risk to maintain the of Renova, Pa., who were cut off from the outside only line of communication with the Red Cross and world in the Allegheny River floods, March 1936. other relief agencies.
1937-Robert T. Anderson, operator of amateur 1939. No award. radio transmitter W9MWC, Harrisburg. Ill., for 1940--Marshall H. Ensor, amateur radio operator his efforts in the January, 1937, flood emergency at Olathe, Kansas, in recognition of the courses he when he worked for four days with only ten hours' has given in the fundamentals of radio operation sleep to obtain means for the evacuation of 1,500 over his own amateur station, W9BSP, for ten inhabitants of Shawneetown, Ill., which was years during which time he has helped thousands threatened with inundation by the Ohio river. of young
men to pass their examinations for 1938--Wilson E. Burgess, amateur radio operator amateur radio licenses.