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Queens County Democratic Executive Committee

Source: World Almanac Questionnaire
(Headquarters, 60-19 Roosevelt Ave., Woodside, L. I.)

Chairman-James A. Roe. Executive Secretary-John J. Burns.
A. D. Leaders (Men)

Address
Leaders (Women)

Address
1 James J. Delaney .. 2533 30th Dr., L. I. C.... Adele Johnson. 2812 29th St., L. I. C.
Robt. Battipaglia.. 3510 11th St., L.I.C.

Nan Hart-Hetuer 2142 45th Rd., LI, C.
John A. Adams... 1-16 27th Ave., L. I. C. Julia Chesney

3018 23d St., L.I.C.
Carl Deutschmann. 2835 35th St., L.I.C.

Catherine Boydell. 4414 Newtown Rd., L. I. C. Charles Dalzell.. 2326 33d St., L. I. C. Mae Tynan..

2327 21st St., L. I. C. 2 Harry W. Kalich.. 6212 Saunders St., Rego Pk. Clara Lurz.

6079 70th St., Maspeth Geo. Torsney. 4001 50th Ave., L.I.C.. Hannah Shannon. 4816 47th St., Woodside Alex Frontera. 5436 69th Pl., Maspeth, Eliz. Ring.

6130 Maspeth Ave., Maspeth Jas. A. Phillips. 7805 67th Rd., Mid. VII Eva Cassidy

5414 90th St. Elmhurst Peter Blasius. 1872 Gates Ave., Ridgewood. Winifred Schwerdt.. 6137 Palmetto St., Ridgewood 3 Martin A. Gleason.. 1025 150th St., Whitestone. . Mae V. Gallts. 2713. Ericsson St., E. Elmhurst

Frank McGlynn.. 2077 45th St., L. I. C...... May K. Gensmere...2813 47th St., L.I.C.
Herbert Koehler.. 3036 86th St., Jackson Hghts. Mabel White. 8114 Dongan Ave., Elmhurst
Jos. Loscalzo.. 8619 Britton Ave., Elmhurst. Mary Lennon. 103-10 27th Ave., Elmhurst

Michael Rooney 147-1612th Ave., Whitestone. Amella Connell 1222 122d St., College Pt. 4 James A. Roe. 35-62 167th St., Flushing ... Emily Gautier.. 9902 220th St., Queens VII.

Pieroe Whalen. 8625 123d St., Richm'nd Hu Catherine Clark. 119-39 145th St., 8. Ozone Pk.
Joseph M. Lonergan. 139-12 87th Dr., Jamaica... Isabel Crowly 162-05 89th Ave., Jamaica
William J. Goodwin. 138-33 233d St., Laurelton. Mae Etter

177-23 MayerAve., Spgid Gdu
Daniel Haggerty.... 109-85 200th St., Hollis Kath. M. Zamow.. 190-04 104th Ave., Hollis
Thos. J. Lanigan, 8926 216th St., Queens Vil.. Mrs. Ela Meade. 9053 209th St., Queens VIIL
Wm. M. Blake 107-15 Spgr d Bly., Queens V1. Lillian Lyons. 9237 215th PI., Queens Vil
Wm. Ellard.

2937 159th St., Flushing. Margaret Keenan.. 4336 Smart Ave., Flushing Mich. Gallagher 4860 206th St., Bayside Alma Schneider. 4528 170th St., Flushing 5 Maurice Fitzgerald.. 133-17 Rockaway Blvd., Cath. Tierney. 104-27 112th St., Richmond So. Ozone Park

Hill
John J. Lutz.
89-06 98th St., Woodhaven.. Helen Reid

8507 88th Ave., Woodhaven John F. Sweek 103-02 130th St., Richm'd HiSara Farrell

109-47110th St., Richm'nd HD Anthony J. Yocis.. 132-25 82nd St., Ozone Park Mae Geraghty. 9707 94th St., Ozone Park John Corrigan. 315 Beach 90th St., Rock. Bch.l Agnes Winfield. 225Beach118th St., Rock.Bch Jos. F. Malera. 1723 Norman St., Ridgew'd. J Jane I. Willis.. 7118 Manse St., Forest Hills Geo. Schneider. 6068 Putnam Ave., Ridgew'a Frances Joos.

6053 Palmetto St., Ridgewood John B. Sekora.. 7302 Cooper Ave., Glendale Mary Seeger.

8001 620 St., Glendale James F. Pasta. 8417 89th St., Woodhaven. . ||Claire L. Siegelack.. 88-64 76th St., Woodhaven James J. Hanley. 17104 Loubet St., Forest Hills Loretta Gorman 110-18 68th Rd., Forest Hill

Queens County Republican Executive Committee

Source: World Almanac Questionnaire

(Headquarters, 86-15 Lefferts Boulevard, Richmond Hill)
Chairman-Warren B. Ashmead, 159-17 Jamaica Ave., Jamaica. Treasurer-Joseph M. Conroy,
160-16 Jamaica Ave., Jamaica. Secretary-Ralph Halpern, 8380 118th St., Kew Gardens. District
Chairmen-(1) Frank Motl, 3151 34th St., Long Island City; (2) Anthony J. Argondizza, 6444 Grand
Ave., Maspeth; (3) Erwin M. Riebe, 3008 93d St., Jackson Heights; (4) D. Lacy Dayton, 3619 22 1st St.,
Bayside; (5) Corning McKennee, 9016 Boulevard, Rockaway Beach; (6) George Archinal, 7732 78th St
Woodhaven.
A. D. Leaders (Men)

Address
Leaders (Women)

Address 1 Frank Kenna.

3549 28th St. L. I. C.. Lucie Oerther 3215 41st St., L. I. C. 2 John Christensen. 4534 47th St., Woodside Minnie Herzog 1687 Grove St., Ridgewood 3 James V. Lione. 2634 94th St., Jack'n Hghts. Ann Alexander 7020 45th Ave., Woodside John Kochendorfer.. 160-16 Jamaica Ave., Jam'ca Hazel Sands. 1209-35 Bardwell Ave.,

Queens Village 5 Ralph Halpern .. 8380 118th St., Kew Gar'ens Grace L. DeGroot. . 9526 117th St., Rich'd Hi Frederic E. Knauss.. 6950 Nansen St., Forest Hills Mathilde Stutz. 17713 Jamaica Ave., Wood

haven

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Richmond County Democratic Executive Committee

Source: World Almanac Questionnaire

(Headquarters, 38 Central Ave., St. George, Staten Island) County Chairman-Jeremiah Sullivan. Secretary-Albert Maniscalco. Treasurer-William J. Dempsey.

Executive Committee
John E. Bowe
William Merrifield
William K. Walsh

Charles Pellister
Charles P. Cole
Edna V. New branch Stephen Krysinski

Anthony Russo
Wm. J. Dempsey

Lawrence A, Quinlan Robert Clifford
Miss Nora Haley
Frederick Schick

James A. O'Leary
Dr John L. Halloran
Bernard J. Sheeran

Peter Brown
Joseph R. McKeever J. Walter Thompson Louis Trivisone

Richmond County Republican Executive Committee

Source: World Almanac Questionnaire Chairman-Robert S. Woodward, Country Club Grounds, Dongan Hills. Vice Chairman-Robert J. Johnson, 153 Clove Rd., W. New Brighton. 2nd Vice Chairwoman-Gertrude Knapp, Tenth St., New Dorp. Treasurer-Albert Randon, Bedell Ave., Tottenville. Secretary--William Mackowski, 19 Grove Plac Port Richmond. Chairman

Address 1st Ward Edward A. Ruppell

230 Hart Blvd.

W. New Brighton 2nd Ward Arthur L. Willshaw

Pommer Ave,

Stapleton 3rd Ward William Muirhead.

Faber St.

Port Richmond 4th Ward.. Richard Barrell.

Fingerboard Rd.

Fort Wadsworth 5th Ward, Albert Hallowell.

77 Bedell Ave.

Tottenville Member-at-Large.. Spencer C. Herrick.

52 Delafield Ave.

W. New Brighton

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RADIO, TELEVISION, MOTION PICTURES
Chronology of Outstanding Radio and Television Dates

Source: The National Broadcasting Company, Inc. 1600—William Gilbert conceived of the earth as a great magnet, with magnetic poles and a field of force

about it. Laid foundation for later discoveries. 1745-Musschenbroeck of Leyden discovered the principle of the electrostatic condenser. 1780—Luigi Galvani discovered “galvanic" electricity. 1794- Alessandro Volta invented the voltaic cell. 1831-Laws of electromagnetic induction formulated by Michael Faraday. 1864James Clerk Maxwell, of Cambridge University, proved the existence of and predicted the action

of electromagnetic waves. 1872–First patent for wireless telegraphy system was granted to Dr. Mahlon Loomis, of Washington,

D. C. 1875—Thomas A. Edison noticed an electrical phenomenon he called "etheric force." Led to develop

ment of the Fleming two-electrode vacuum tube. 1878–David Edward Hughes demonstrated a carbon microphone before the Royal Society in London. 1886—Heinrich Hertz, a German, produced and identified electromagnetic waves and proved that they

could be transmitted through space with the speed of light. 1890-Edouard Branly developed the coherer" as a detector of wireless signals. 1895–Guglielmo Marconi sent and received his first wireless signals across his father's estate in Italy. 1896--Marconi in England took out a patent covering his system of wireless telegraphy. Signaled over

a distance of two miles at Salisbury, England. 1897–Marconi formed the Wireless Telegraph and Signal Company to manufacture wireless equipment

and to provide a wireless communication service. The organization's name was later changed to

Marconi Wireless Telegraph Co., Ltd. 1899—Marconi transmitted the first wireless signals over the English Channel, 1900—Historic patent No. 7777, covering a tuned wireless system, granted to Marconi. 1901—Marconi, in Newfoundland, received the first transatlantic wireless signal, the letter "S.” trans

mitted from Poldhu, England. 1902–Wireless telephony demonstrated aboard ship in the Potomac River, near Washington, D. C.

Human voice transmitted a mile without wires in Fairmount Park, Philadelphia. 1904-Two-element vacuum tube detector invented by Ambrose Fleming. 1907–Lee de Forest invented the "audion," a three-element vacuum tube. The New York Times re

ceived on regular westward Marconi trans-Atlantic service a message in code from Clifden.

Ireland, via Glace Bay, Nova Scotia. 1909—Jack Binns, wireless operator on the S.S. Republic, summoned rescue ships after his vessel had

collided with the S.S. Florida. 1910–Radio message transmitted from airplane over Sheepshead Bay, New York City. 1912–Titanic disaster focused public attention on value of wireless at sea. 1914-between Station WSL, established. Regenerative or feed-back circuit de ville by Edwin H. Armstrong.

L. I., and POZ, Nauen, Germany, was 1915—Voices transmitted from Naval station at Arlington, Va., to Eiffel Tower, Paris, a distance of

3,700 miles; also from Arlington to Hawaii, a distance of 3,000 miles. 1917–High-frequency alternator of increased power designed by E.-F. W. Alexanderson, of the General 1919– Radio Corporation of America was organized to take over Marconi facilities in the United States. 1920 Transmission of press bulletins on Harding-Cox election over Station KDKA, Pittsburgh, marks

the beginning of broadcasting. First college football game broadcast at College Station, Texas, 1921-Station KDKA, Pittsburgh, broadcast the religious service of Calvary Baptist Church, Pittsburgh. 1922 Station WEAF'broadcast in New York City a commercial message of the Queensboro Realty

Company, the first advertising broadcast. 1923-Stations WEAF and WNAC linked in first network broadcast of 3 hours, 15 minutes, Louis A

Hazeltine, of Stevens Institute of Technology, Hoboken, N. J., announced a non-radiating neutro

dyne receiver for which he later received a patent. 1924–Radio Corporation of America transmitted photographs across the Atlantic by radio. The

first pictures were sent from London to New York in twenty minutes. 1925—Inauguration of President Coolidge was broadcast by 24 stations. The all-electric home receiver

was made possible through the introduction of alternating-current tubes. 1926–The National Broadcasting Company, first of the great American radio networks, was organized.

First demonstration of true television, with images in halt tones, given by John-Logie Baird. 1927—The Columbia Broadcasting Company' was organized. United States Radio Commission created

with authority to grant licenses for one year, fix wave lengths and hours of operation. 1928– Television image transmitted across the Atlantic

by short radio waves from station 2KZ, Purley, England, to Station 2CVJ, Hartsdale, N. Y. Television in color demonstrated. 1929-A communication from the Antarctic base of Richard E. Byrd announced that he and his com

panions had flown over the South Pole. Bell Telephone Laboratories demonstrated television in

color in New York City. 1930—Ship program broadcast from a ship off Ambrose Light to Rockaway, N. Y., where radio waves

were picked up and transmitted via land wire to New York City, Iwo demonstrations of television given in the auditorium of the Bell Telephone Company laboratories and the American Telegraph and Telephone Company in New York City. Persons in these two buildings, although separated by a long distance, were able to see and converse with each other as if in the same

room. Talking picture sent by television at Schenectady, N. Y. 1931—"Hansel and Gretel" was the first complete opera to be broadcast from the stage of the Metro

politan Opera. Station W9XAP, Chicago, presented television broadcast of a play. 1934—The Federal Communications Commission was organized to regulate radio, wire telephony and

wire telegraphy. It succeeded the Federal Radio Commission as a regulator of radio communications. Mutual Broadcasting System was organized. First radio police car for two-way operation demonstrated by General Electric Company at Schenectady, N. Y. Station W2XAF, a short-wave station of the General Electric Company at Schenectady, N. Y., completed a broadcast from the

Arctic to the Antarctic. 1935—-Production of metal tubes announced by the General Electric Company. Television moving pic

ture broadcast made in Jenkins laboratory, Washington, DC 1936–Former King Edward VIII, following his abdication, addressed a farewell to a world-wide

audience believed to be the largest ever to listen to a single broadcast. 1937-The first major symphony orchestra to be organized and maintained by an American broadcaster

expressly for the radio audience was founded by the National Broadcasting Company. 1938—Television sidewalk interviews conducted on the streets in New York. 1939_Regular public television service, comprising news and sports events and studio productions, begun

in New York City by NBC. 1940--Republican National Convention in Philadelphia telecast there and in New York City. Commer

cial broadcasting over frequency modulated sound transmitters, operating on ultra-short waves,

authorized by the Federal Communications Commission. 1941-Commercial television broadcasting authorized by Federal Communications Commission. First

commercial license granted to Station WNBT, New York City.

Poll of Radio Editors Names Air Favorites The New York World-Telegram, a Scripps Howard newspaper, annually conducts a poll of radio editors in the United States and Canada to determine the popular leaders in the various forms of entertainment over the air. The poll is the oldest and most comprehensive of radio editorial opinion. In the tenth annual poll in 1940 votes were cast by radio editors representing all the large cities in the United States and Canada and also the smaller centers. Votes are tabulated on the basis of three points for each editor's first choice, two for second and one for third choice. Here are the leaders for 1937. 1938, 1939 and 1940,

FAVORITE PROGRAM
Year First

Second
Third

Fourth

Fifth 1940-Jack Benny Fred Allen

Information Please Bob Hope

Bing Crosby 1939-Jack Benny Information Please Charlie McCarthy Fred Allen

Bing Crosby Hour 1938-Jack Benny Charlie McCarthy Bing Crosby

Information Please Fred Allen

LIGHT ORCHESTRA 1940-Guy Lombardo Glenn Miller

Wayne King
Fred Waring

Kay Kyser 1939--Guy Lombardo Kay Kyser

Andre Kostelanetz Wayne King

Glenn Miller 1938-Guy Lombardo Kay Kyser

Horace Heidt
Artie Shaw

Tommy Dorsey

Benny Goodman

QUIZ PROGRAM 1940-Information Take it or

Truth or Conse- Quiz Kids

Kay Kyser
Please
Leave it

quences 1939-Information Kay Kyser

Professor Quiz Doctor I. Q.

What's My Name Please 1938-Information Professor Quiz Kay Kyser

What's My Name Ask-It Basket Please

MALE POPULAR SINGER 1940- Bing Crosby Kenny Baker Lanny Ross

Dennis Day

Tony Martin 1939–Bing Crosby Kenny Baker Lanny Ross

Tony Martin

Dennis Day 1938 - Bing Crosby Kenny Baker

Frank Parker
Lanny Ross

Nelson Eddy
GIRL POPULAR SINGER
1940-Kate Smith Dinah Shore

Connie Boswell Ginnie Simms Frances Langford 1939--Frances Langford Kate Smith

Connie Boswell Ginnie Simms Dorothy Lamour 1938 - Frances Langford Kate Smith

Connie Boswell Jane Frohman Dorothy Lamour

DRAMATIC PROGRAM 1940--Radio Theater Helen Hayes

One Man's Family Arch Obeler Columbia Work

shop 1939 Radio Theater Orson Welles

One Man's Family Star Theater

NBC Great Play

Series 1938-Radio Theater Orson Welles

One Man's Family Big Town

Columbia Work

shop SYMPHONIC CONDUCTOR 1940-Arturo Toscanini John Barbirolli Alfred Wallenstein Leopold Stokowski Andre Kostelanetz 1939-Arturo Toscanini John Barbirolli Alfred Wallenstein Frank Black

Eugene Ormandy 1938-Arturo Toscanini John Barbitolli Frank Black

Jose Iturbi

Alfred Wallenstein CLASSICAL SINGER 1940-Lily Pons Richard Crooks Lawrence Tibbett

James Melton John Charles

Margaret Speaks

Thomas 1939-Nelson Eddy Lawrence Tibbett Richard Crooks Lily Pons

Margaret Speaks 1938-Nelson Eddy Lawrence Tibbett Richard Crooks Lily Pons

Kirsten Flagstad SPORTS ANNOUNCER 1940Bill Stern

Ted Husing
Red Barber
Bob Elson

Fort Pearson 1939-ball Stern

Ted Husing
Red Barber

Clem McCarthy Sam Taub 1938-Ted Husing Bil Stern

Clem McCarthy Red Barber

Bob Elson PROGRAM ANNOUNCER 1940-Don Wilson Harry von Zell Ken Carpenter Milton Cross

Ben Grauer 1939--Don Wilson Harry von Zell Milton Cross

Ken Carpenter David Ross 1938-Don Wilson Ken Carpenter Harry von Zell Milton Cross

David Ross

Paul Douglas COMMENTATOR 1940Raymond Gram H. V. Kaltenborn Lowell Thomas Elmer Davis

Paul Sullivan Swing 1939--Lowell Thomas H. V. Kaltenborn Raymond Gram Walter Winchell Paul Sullivan

Swing 1938H. V. Kaltenborn Lowell Thomas Edwin C. Hill

Gabriel Heatter CHILDREN'S PROGRAM 1940-Ireene Wicker Let's Pretend

Quiz Kids

Lone Ranger March of Games 1939_Let's Pretend Lone Ranger

Little Orphan American School March of Games
Annie

of the Air 1938--Let's Pretend Ireene Wicker Lone Ranger

Little Orphan American School
Annie

of the Air
FAVORITE QUARTER HOUR
1940-Fred Waring Amos 'n' Andy Walter Winchell Easy Aces

Vic and Sade 1939 Fred Waring Walter Winchell Amos 'n' Andy Easy Aces

Lum 'n' Abner 1938-Amos 'n' Andy Lum 'n' Abner Easy Aces

Lowell Thomas Walter Winchel

LEADING COMEDIAN 1940-Jack Benny Bob Hope

Fred Allen

Fibber McGee Charlie McCarthy

and Molly 1939-Jack Benny

Fred Allen
Charlie McCarthy Bob Hope

Fibber McGee

and Molly 1938-Jack Benny Fred Allen

Charlie McCarthy Bob Hope

Fibber McGee

and Molly OUTSTANDING NEW STAR 1940-Dinah Shore 1939-- Alec Templeton 1938 Orson Welles

OUTSTANDING SINGLE BROADCAST 1940-NBC eyewitness account of Graf Spee scuttling.

Roll Call of the Radio Industry, Dec. 1, 1941

Source: Radio Today Manufacturers of radio receivers. 82 | Radio-set and parts distributors.

2,100 Manufacturers of radio tubes 7 Manufacturers' agents

297 Manufacturers of radio parts 734 Retail outlets selling radios

59,000 Manufacturers of test equipment 51 Dealers doing 85% of radio business

14,500 Manufacturers of broadcast and amateur

Servicemen, including dealers' servicemen. ..40,000 equipment

Radio amateurs and experimenters.

95,000 Manufacturers of sound equipment.. 95 Broadcasting stations..

912

105

RADIO-SET AND TUBE SALES
Number Retail Value

Number Retail Value
Total sets sold during 1941 13,000,000 $460,000,000 Home sets sold to homes
Radio sets exported

600,000

previously without radios 2,000,000 $100,000,000 Automobile radios

2,000,000 70,000.000 Home radios sold as extra Home radios sold in U. S. 10,400,000 365,000,000

sets

5,400,000 130,000,000 Consoles

2,500,000 135,000,000 Table models.

5,700,000 120,000,000
Tube replacements

32,000,000 35,000,000 Combinations

1,100,000 88,000,000 Tubes, initial equipment. . 92,500,000 102,000,000 Portables, battery

1,100,000 22,000,000 Total tubes sold 1941, inFarm radios, battery 1,000,000 25,000,000 cluding exports.

130,000,000 143,000,000 Home sets sold as

Parts, supplies

63,000,000 replacements

3,000,000 160,000,000 Phonograph records.. 100,000,000 40,000,000

Annual Bill of U. S. for Radio

Source: Radio Today Sales ot time by broadcasters, 1941. $185,000,000 32,000,000 replacement tubes @ $1.10. $ 35,000,000 Talent costs 37,000,000 Radio parts, supplies, etc.

63,000,000 Electricity, batteries, etc., to operate

Servicing radio sets.

70,000,000 56,000,000 receivers

220,000,000 12,400,000 radios sold in 1941 at retail.. 434,000,000 Total

$1,044,000,000

Radio Sets in Use

Source: Radio Today
Jan. 1, 1941 Dec. 1, 1941

Jan. 1, 1941 Dec. 1, 1941

1,800,000 U.S. homes with radios. ...29,200,000

Battery portables.

2,800,000 29,700,000 Auto-radios

7,000,000 8,500,000 "Secondary" sets in above homes

13,000,000 15,000,000 Total sets in use, U. S. ..51,000,000 56,000,000

HOMES WITH RADIOS, TOTAL SETS IN USE
Homes with Total Radio
Radio Sets Sets in Use

Number in U. S. 1922

60,000 1400,000 1932 1923

1,000,000 1,500,000 1933 1924

2,500,000 3,000,000 1934 1925

3,500,000 4,000,000 | 1935 1926

5.000.000 5,000,000 1936 1927

6,500,000 6.500.000 1937 1928

7,500,000 8.500.000 1938 1929

9,000,000 10,500,000 1939 1930

12,048,762 13.000.000 1940 1931

14,000,000 15,000,000 1941 Includes home-built sets.

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Homes with Total Radio
Radio Sets Sets in Use

Number in U. S. 16,809,562 18,000,000 20,402,369 22,000,000 21,456,000 28,000,000 22,869,000 30,500,000 24,600,000 33,000,000 26,666,500 37,600,000 28,000,000 40,800.000 28,700,000 45,200.000 29,200,000 51,000,000 29, 700,000 56,000,000

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Growth of Radio in U. S.
Source: Radio Today

Gd. Tot.:

Sales of
Total Sets
Total Tubes

Motor Car Radio Ap. Auto Sets
Sold
Sold

Sets

for Bdcst. in Use

Recept.
Number Value Number Value Number Value

Value Number 1922. 100,000 $5,000,000 1,000,000 $6,000,000

$60,000,000 1923. 550,000 15,000,000 4,500,000 12,000,000

136,000,000 1924. 1.500,000 100,000,000 12,000,000 36,000,000

358,000,000 1925. 2,000,000 165,000,000 20,000,000 48,000,000

430,000,000 1926. 1,750.000 200,000,000 30,000,000 58,000,000

506,000,000 1927. 1,350.000 168,000,000 41,200,000 67,300.000

425,600,000 1928. 3,281,000 400,000,000 50,200,000 110,250,000

690,550,000 1929. 4,428.000 600,000,000 69.000.000 172,500,000

842,548,000 1930. 3,827.800 300,000,000 52,000,000 119,600,000 34,000 $3,000,000 496,432,000 1931. 3,420,000 225,000,000 53,000,000 69,550,000 108,000 5.940,000/ 300,000,000 100,000 1932. 3,000,000 140,000,000 44,300,000 48,730.000 143.000 7,150,000/200,000,000 250,000 1933.. 3,806,000/230,099,000 59,000,000 49.000.000 724,000 28,598,000 300,000,000 500.000 1934. 4,084,000 270,000,000 58,000,000 36,600,000 780,000 28,000,000 350.000.000 1,250.000 1935* 6,026,800 330,192,480 71.000.000 50,000,000 1,125,000 54,562,500 370,000,000 2,000,000 1936

8,248,000 450,000,000 98,000,000 69,000,000 1,412,000 69, 188,000 500,000,000 3.500.000 1937* 8.064,780 450,000.000 91.000.000 85,000,000 1,750,000 87,500,000 537,000,000 5.000.000 1938 6,000,000 210.000.000 75.000.000 93,000,000 800.000 32,000,000 350.000.000 6.000.000 1939 10,500,000 354,000,000 91,000,000 114,000,000 1.200.000 48.000.000 375.000.000 6,600,000 1940. 11,800,000 450,000,000 115,000,000 115,000,000 1.700.000 60.000.000 584,000,000 7.500.000 1941 13,....... 460,...,...

130.
143,

2,000,... 70,...,...1610,...,... 8,500,000 *Figures for sets include value of tubes in receivers. In recent years, replacement tubes have run 25% to 40% of total tube sales. All figures are at retail values.

[graphic]

Operations of Broadcast Industry in U. S.

Source: Federal Communications Commission The broadcast business in the United States (1940), figure does not include any amounts for talent reached a new high of $154,823,787, an increase of employed by sponsors, but it does include staff $24,855,761, or 19 per cent, over 1939. This amount

musicians and artists who are employed full time was for the sale of time only, as reported by three

by_networks and stations.

For a typical week 21,646 persons were so emmajor networks, five regional networks, and 765 stations. The industry also derived $13,181,948 ployed as compared with 19,873 (1939), or an

increase of 1,773. This increase was made up of from the sale of talent and other services (1940), an additional 215 executives and 1,490 employees an increase of $1,871,696 over 1939.

below executive grade for individual stations; 14 In consequence, the broadcast service income executives and 65 employees for regional network, (operating profit) of the entire industry increased and 3 executives for major networks, with the (1940) by more than $9,000,000 over 1939, or about latter having 14 less employees. 39 per cent. This despite the fact that the in- The average weekly compensation for the 21,646 dustry's expenses increased by $13,806,089, of which full time employees of the entire industry was $994,573 was for 62 new stations.

$47.13, up $1.23 per person from 1939, including The three major networks (National, Columbia, executives of the stations and of the networks. and Mutual) had combined time sales of $71,919,428 The average for the 19,326 employees of stations for the year, about 15 per cent over 1939. They and networks below the executive grade was $41.68 paid out $22, 123.760 to stations and regional net- for the week, The average weekly compensation works compared with $18,023,195 the year previous. for station executives was $84.69, while for station Thus, the three major networks recorded å broad- employees only, below the grade of executive, the cast service income (operating profit) of $13,705,- average was $37.97. For major network executives 043. This came from operation of their own the average was $251.68, while the average for stations as well as their networks and constituted major network employees below the grade of 41 per cent of the broadcast income of the entire executive was $57.55. industry compared with 46 per cent (1939).

Part time employees for the industry were 4,007 There were 457 network stations and 308 non- and their total compensation for the average week network stations operating (1940) compared with was $110.144. This was in addition to the full time 397 and 308 respectively (1939).

pay roll. The stations had 3,511 part time execuThe industry employed (1940) approximately tives and other employees with a part time pay 22,000 persons on a full time basis, with a weekly roll of $78,917 for the week, and the major netpayroll up $ 107,295 from 1939. The weekly payroll works had 492 part time executives and other was $1,020,348 for all full time employees. This employees with a part time pay roll of $31,171.

Radio Call

Letters
Source: Federal Communications Commission
Under international agreement, the first letter

letters are reserved for aircraft radio stations. or the first two letters of radio call signals in- Any existing call letter assignment not in aedicates the nationality of the station.

cordance with this policy is due to the fact that As a general rule, land stations use three letters,

the station was licensed before the allocation plan

was adopted. ship stations four letters, and aircraft stations five

Though limited to the use of K or was the letters. One or two letters and a single figure

initial letter, the Commission has provided dis. followed by a group of not more than three letters

tinctive calls for FM broadcast stations by adoptIdentify amateur stations and commercial stations. ing a system of letters with interposed numbers.

The Federal Communications Commission now Between the initial letter and supplemental letter has approximately 65,000 active radio call letter (or letters) two numbers are used. These numbers assignments outstanding. exclusive of Government indicate the frequency assignment. This is possible stations Licensing of both radio stations and because all FM stations are on the odd hundreds operators is now according to a definite plan. This of kilocycles in the 42000-50000 kilocycle band. is in contrast to the early days of radio when there Thus, the first figure and the last two figures of the was little or no system.

frequency assignment can be dropped. In addition, At the turn of the century it became apparent the city or area is indicated by the second letter that wireless stations should bear certain desig- or a combination of second and third letters. Thus, nated letters in order to avoid confusion. The Boston stations terminate with B, with stations in Berlin International Radio Convention of 1906 New York City terminate with NY. Example: proposed such a system, effective in 1908, This W41B would indicate an FM_station in Boston procedure of assigning call letters was adopted by operating on 44100 kilocycles. By the same token. the United States when it ratified the convention K43SF would apply to an FM station in San in 1912

Francisco using 44300 kilocycles. Ratification of the Berlin convention gave the There is no international bar to the use of this United States use of three initial letters-N, K, FM identifying system, A like principle is followed and W. Hence the domestic assignment of com- for broadcast stations in Chile. Its domestic use binations beginning with these letters. These are will not disturb the approximately 15,000 remaining allocated by the Federal Communications Com- four-letter call combinations now being assigned at mission as follows: Call letters beginning with N the rate of 40 to 50 a week. Under international are reserved for the exclusive use of the United treaty, ship stations have priority in assignment States Navy and the United States Coast Guard. of four-letter calls. Cull letters beginning with Kare assigned to Prior to radio regulation, wireless stations used stations located west of the Mississippi River and whatever call letters struck their fancy. Thus, a in the territories of the United States. Call letters commercial station at Point Judith, R. I., used beginning with W are assigned to stations east of BJ, and one in New York City adopted NY. Enactthe Mississippi River. Cali letters beginning with ment of the pioneer radio act in 1910 reassigned KH followed by various combinations of three calls and did away with duplication.

William S. Paley Amateur Radio Awards The Paley award is presented annually by William S. Paley, president of the Columbia Broadcasting System, to the individual, who, through amateur radio, in the opinion of an impartial board of awards, has contributed most usefully to the American people, either in research, technical development or operating achievement, and to be open to all amateur radio operators in the United States and Canada.'

1936Walter Stiles, Coudersport, Pa., for sup- at Westerly, R. I., for his work in the hurricane plying through his amateur transmitter the sole of September, 1938, when he remained on duty for direct means of communication for 4,000 citizens 56 hours at great personal risk to maintain the of Renova, Pa., who were cut off from the outside only line of communication with the Red Cross and world in the Allegheny River floods, March 1936. other relief agencies.

1937-Robert T. Anderson, operator of amateur 1939-No a ward. radio transmitter W9MWC, Harrisburg, Il., for 1940-Marshall H. Ensor, amateur radio operator his efforts in the January, 1937, flood emergency at Olathe, Kansas, in recognition of the courses he when he worked for four days with only ten hours' has given in the fundamentals of radio operation sleep to obtain means for the evacuation of 1,500 over his own amateur station, W9BSP, for ten inhabitants of Shawneetown, 11., which was years during which time he has helped thousands threatened with inundation by the Ohio river. of young men to pass their examinations for

1938--Wilson E. Burgess, amateur radio operator amateur radio licenses.

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