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National Defense Program The United States is working on a National De- other commitments total about $58,000,000,000 (July fense program entailing the authorized expenditure 1, 1940 through Oct. 15, 1941). The United States of $63,962,100,000. President Roosevelt has re- Treasury has disbursed in that period $10,185,487,quested an additional $7,082,419,046, which, when 712. The Treasury books show that the War granted, will bring the total of authorized ex- Department got about $5,800,000,000 and the Navy penditures to $71,044,519,046.

$3,600,000,000. Lend-Lease cost, exclusive of large Expenditures for the current fiscal year (July 1, quantities of arms transferred from stocks on 1941-June 30, 1942) are expected to reach $18,000.- hand, accounted for $350,000,000. A special defense 000,000, compared to a forecast of expenditures of fund of the President disbursed another $150.000,$10,811,000,000 when the budget was announced 000. The administrative expenses of the Selective (Jan., 1941). The estimated defense outlay of Service Act reached $26,000,000. The Maritime $18,000,000,000 (announced Oct. 4. 1941 by Harold Commission, Defense Housing Office and others D. Smith, Director of the Bureau of the Budget) spent the rest. is almost three times that of the preceding fiscal The Office of Production Management placed year and breaks down to an expenditure of $135 September expenditures at $1,347,000,000, an infor every man, woman and child in the United crease of 17.7 per cent over August, but $238,000,000 States.

of this went for pay, subsistence, travel and adDefense officials, in a report prepared for Presi- ministrative expenses, leaving a total of $1,109,dent Roosevelt, estimated that the United States 000,000 as payments on contracts for ships, guns, must spend from $120,000,000 to $150,000,000 in the airplanes and other defense materials and on so-called victory program.

Lend-Lease shipments. Appropriations, contract authorizations and Here is a table of month-by-month spending: Contract

Contract Month

Total
Items
Month

Total

Items 1940

February

$ 722,000,000 $ 574,000,000 July $177,000,000 $103,000,000 March

854,000,000 697.000.000 August 236,000,000 154,000,000 April.

918,000,000 738,000,000 September 269,000,000 191,000,000 May

911,000,000 713,000,000 October 332,000,000 238,000,000 June.

989,000,000 783,000,000 November 405,000,000 304,000,000 July

p 1,029,000,000 p 817,000,000 December 490,000,000 382,000,000 August

P 1,144,000,000 P 914,000,000 1941

September

D 1,347,000,000 p 1,109,000,000 January

737,000,000 613,000,000 (p) Preliminary.

There follows from the Bureau of Research and ment defense disbursements in the United States Statistics of the Office of Production management on a checks-issued basis by months: a tabulation of United States and foreign govern

[graphic]
[graphic]

In millions of dollars

In millions of dollars 1940

February

574 148

130 852 July

103

207
384 March

697
157

157

1,011 August

154
82 199 435 April

738 180 104

1,022 September

191
78

468
May

713

198 66 977 October 238 94 179 511

June

805 201

80 1,086 November 304 101 176 581 July.

р

217

88 p 1.100 December 882 108

677 August

р 983
D 261

92 p 1.336 1941

September p 1.090 р 247 р 127 p 1,464 January...

[613 124 179 916 (p) Preliminary. The value of defense construction (Sept. 1. 1941) The milltary program involved construction completed, in progress and scheduled amounted valued at $4,315, 169,000., of which $1,713,409,000. to $9.669,867,000, the OPM reported.

or 40 percent, was in place on Sept. 1. During Construction valued at $3,444,713,000 was in August, $225,570,000 of the work, or 5 percent, was place. This included completed and semi-com- The non-military defense construction program pieted projects, and represented 36 percent of the defense construction program to date, 64 percent 32 percent, was in place. August construction was

came to $5,354,698,000, of which $1,731,304,000, or of scheduled construction remaining to be com- valued at $318,197,000. pleted or undertaken. Of the work in place on A statement of the authorized program and Sept. 1, $543,767,000 or 6 percent of the total purchases from June 1, 1940, to the latest reporting program was erected in August.

date (preliminary) follows:

Army
Navy
Other defense agencies
Total.
*Includes RFC commitments to Sept. 30.

Authorized Contract Disburse
Program
Awards

ments
as of Oct. 15 as of Sept. 30 as of Sept. 30

In millions of dollars
$24,606
$14,868

$5,650
16,992
13,395

3,440 15,664* 9,201

1,560 57,262 37,464

10,650

FOREIGN GOVERNMENTAL TRANSACTIONS IN THE UNITED STATES**

la Millions of Dollars

Total contract awards, November, 1939-October 15, 1941***,
Payments on orders, Nov, 1939-October 15, 1941,
Commitments for plant expansion to September 30.

$3,716 P 2,445 D 145

PRODUCTION
Commitments for defense plant expansion, June, 1940-Sept. 30, 1941 (In millions)
Government commitments.

D $4,122 Private commitments

р 994 Total.

p 5,116 **When figures show a decrease from previous figures the difference reflects absorption of foreign contracts by United States Government agencies.

***Includes orders and non-contractual expenses of the British Empire. (p) Preliminary estimate. The Office of Production Management described completely modern machines in one year, twelve the status of the defense production program as times the number produced last year. of Nov. 2, 1941, as follows:

It has been estimated that engineers spend from In July, 1946, the United States produced 561 250,000 to 500,000 man-hours at their drafting miiltary planes. In September, 1941, the figure boards just turning out the designs for a fighter soared to 1,914. Since the start of the expansion plane, about 3,500 separate drawings are involved, program, the Navy has commissioned more Aghting each of which must be blueprinted 15 times. The ships than in the 14 years between 1922 and 1937. number of drawings required to put a bomber in In the 24-month period of 1940-41 the machine production may run as high as 10,000. tool industry will have produced a new capacity The World War pilot flew a single-engined equal to the capacity of all machine tools in biplane with a horsepower between 360 and 400. existence in all the plants of the country on His sole companion, seated in the open cockpit to Jan. 3, 1940. Hundreds of light and medium tanks

the rear, was a general utility man-observer, are rolling off the assembly Hnes every month. gunner and photographer all in one. The operating Rifles and machine guns are being produced at the speed of the plane was 70 to 100 miles an hour, rate of thousands daily. In the Arst nine months

and the bomb load consisted of eight 50-pound of 1941 ordnance equipment increased nearly three

bombs strapped like eggs under the wings---a total times and production of ammunition was stepped bomb load of about 400 pounds. up ten times.

Today's light bomber weighs around 20,000 The production record follows:

pounds, about three times the weight of the World AIRPLANE CONSTRUCTION-The products of War ship in most frequent use. Today's heavy America's defense effort are finding their way to bombers weigh about 44,000 pounds, more than the four corners of the globe. Flying Fortresses six times heavier than the World War ship. Its are no strangers to the Axis skies, while other bomb load alone, running between 5,000 and 10,000 American planes are looked upon as liberators by pounds, is heavier than the gross weight of the the conquered peoples of western Europe. With a World War bomber, and amounts in weight to few minor setbacks American plane production has about one-third

of all the bombs dropped by the increased steadily, as shown in the following Germans over London in the World War. table for 1941:

Thus it is obvious that planes cannot be produced January 1,016 May

1,331 today simply by appropriating money for them, February 962 June

1,476

The road from drawing board to the finished March

1,135
July

1,460

product is a long and rough one. However, the April 1.388 August

1,854 obstacles are being overcome. Of the 1,914 military September

1,914

planes produced in September, the majority were Since the Wright brothers flew their first plane, combat, rather than training ships. the United States has produced about 75,000 planes. During the nine months to Sept., 1941, the proThus the industry is being asked to produce in one duction of airplane engines increased by 88 per year two-thirds the planes it turned out in 37 cent. More than a million horsepower a week years. No other industry has ever been asked to is being delivered by manufacturers, an amount do a job of the same proportions. It is like asking sufficient for about 2,000 planes monthly. The the automobile industry to turn out 53,000,000 following table reveals the increase: Horsepower

Horsepower January 2,305,610 June.

3,365,695 February 2,627,260

4,162,013 March. 2,972,400 August

4,328,045 April 3,278,710 September

4,343,600 May

3,319,625 To interpret these figures in terms of actual , taking into consideration the effect of the curtail. planes consider the following: The Flying Fortress, ment of commercial plane construction on the air. the B-17,

now used by Britain for high altitude lines, recently ruled that orders could be accepted bombing, has four engines of about 1,400 H.P. for 156 DC-3's, 52 Lockheed Lodestars and 20 each; as much power as a giant locomotive. The DC-4's during 1942 and extending to June, 1943. Douglas attack bomber, the A 20-A, is powered with However, the construction and delivery of the two 1,400 H.P. engines. The engine of an ob- planes are subject to the following provisions: ir servation plane ranges from 1,000 to 1,400 H.P., the Army needs the planes on their completion, it and the Lockheed P-38 pursuit ship has twin may have them; if their construction interferes engines of 1,125 H.P. each.

with military orders, Army planes are to have Thousands of 20 mm. and 37 mm. cannon are the right of way. In addition, the planes are to needed for this vast plane program as well as be built with special reinforced flooring, and with hundreds of thousands of .30 and .50 caliber ma- wide doors so they may be immediately adapted chine guns. Starting in April there was a sharp to use as military transport planes. rise in production of these weapons and there should be a continued steady increase.

NAVAL AND MERCHANT SHIP CONSTRUC

TION-TO The pilot of the World War Spad fired two and

guard the seaways for American sometimes only one gun forward through the merchant ships, the United States is constructing propeller. Today's pursuit ship carries two guns

the most powerful naval force the world has ever forward and four guns in each wing. At the press

seen. Every vessel authorized by law has been

contracted for. On top of the $7,234,262,178 that of a single trigger the pilot aims and fires a total of nearly 5,000 shots a minute at a single fixed

the Navy will spend on 2,831 ships ordered since target. These .30 and .50 caliber weapons are in

Jan. 1, 1940, $460,000,000 has been allocated for effect heavy guns put into the air. The .30 caliber the expansion of shipbuilding facilities, shells are expended at the rate of 600 a minute, or The year 1941 will go down as one of the most ten & second, and the .50 caliber at the rate of notable in the history of the Navy. Two powerful 400 a minute.

battleships-the Washington and the North CaroThe Supply Priorities and Allocations Board, 'lina—were added to the battleline while in June

July

the South Dakota was launched, followed by the expansion program, or just 55 fewer than all Massachusetts in September.

combat vessels laid down in the years 1922 to 1939. With both Navy and private yards working Here is our strength in major combat ships as around the clock, a total of 135 ships has been of Oct. 1, 1941, and the number of ships of the added to our sea forces since the start of the same classes now building: On Hand Building

On Hand Building Battleships.

17
15 Submarines...

113

73 Alrcraft carriers.

6

12 Cruisers..

37

54
Total.

344

347 Destroyers..

171

193 When the war broke out in September, 1939, the delivery by the end of 1941. Our shipbuilding inUnited States was much better prepared in the matter dustry ha ad to build up from the bottom, for of merchant ships than it was when hostilities after World War

1 we stopped building cargo ships. started in 1914. For instance, delivery rates for From 1922 to 1935 not a single cargo vessel was 1937-1940 were 25 to 3315 per cent above the ton- bullt or contracted for in the United States for nago delivered from 1912 to 1915. Production overseas or foreign trade. scheduled for 1942 will exceed 20 per cent and by ORDNANCE-Although American tank produc1943 by 40 per cent the actual peak year of 1919. tion is still in its infancy, light and medium tanks

By the end of this year the United States will are rolling off the assembly lines by the hundreds be turning out a merchant ship a day. During every month. But tank production is only part the first 90 days of 1943, 90 ships will be delivered. of the ordnance picture. Rifles and machine guns In the second quarter 146 ships will join the are being produced at the rate of a thousands a merchant fleet and in the third quarter 154. In day. Sixty-three ordnance plants are planned of the last quarter of 1942 two ships a day-184 this number about fifty are under construction or will be delivered from American yards. Between completed. Twenty-eight of the plants are in last July 1 and the end of 1943, 1,153 ships, total- actual production. ing 12,410,000 tons, will be placed into operation. Increases in September deliveries of typical items Twenty of the new Liberty Fleet are scheduled for compared with January“ were as follows: Item Increase Item

Increase .30 callber aircraft machine guns. 3 times Mortars, 60 mm..

3 times .50 callber aircraft machine guns.

12 times Large anti-aircraft guns: Light tanks. 6 times (old type)

Completed Medium tanks.

15 times (New type) volume output commenced. Rifles, caliber .30M-1 (Garand).

1.2 times The output of combat vehicles, exclusive of fact that defense construction got under way tanks, during last August increased 217 percent slowly in 1941, while the volume for 1942 will over the production of December, 1940.

start with a high rate of activity. Meanwhile newly constructed chemical powder, Close to half the factory construction for T.N.T. shell-loading and small-arms ammunition $2,035,000,000 worth of Government and British plants are beginning quantity production. Half of financed defense factories is already complete. the shell-loading plants started operations before Construction on $320,000,000 scheduled to be spent September. All the machine gun plants planned for privately-financed defense factories is about 70 are in actual production.

per cent complete. MACHINE TOOLS-Behind this front of planes, The record on other defense construction shows ships, tanks and guns is the production of machine close to two-thirds of completion on $1,626,000,000 tools by which the nation is made militarily strong. scheduled to be spent for military housing, and Present schedules for bombers, artillery and other about 20 per cent of completion on $3,000,000,000 weapons depend on machine tools, the production scheduled to be spent for defense housing.

which will be increased from $450,000,000 in Already 42,286 publicly financed homes for de1940 to more than $800,000,000 in 1941.

fense workers and enlisted personnel have been In the twenty-four-month period of 1940-41 the completed. Federal funds have been allotted for industry will have produced a new machine tool 121,885 homes. Since Jan. 1, 1941, 166,298 FHAcapacity equal to the capacity of all the machine inspected privately financed homes have gone into tools in existence in all plants on Jan. 3, 1940. construction,

At the beginning of 1940 it was estimated that DEFENSE EXPENDITURES INCREASE-In 1939 the total number of all machine tools in all fac- defense production represented about 4 per cent tories was 930,000. Normal production runs 25,000 of our total civilian production. That is, the value a year. But in 1940, 100,000 units were produced of non-defense production of manufactured goods and 1941 production is expected to reach 200,000. was 23.7 billion dollars and our defense production Thus the productive capacity of the machines pro- 1 billion dollars. duced in those two years will practically equal that In 1940 we produced $1,400,000,000 in defense of all the tools in the country's plants 20 months goods. Production of manufactured articles for ago. Furthermore, it is estimated that the average civilian use was $24,800,000,000. For that year new machine is more than three times as pro- defense production was 5.3 per cent of total inductive as the average machine in use in January, dustrial production. 1940.

This year it is estimated that we will produce CONSTRUCTION-While men work at their $8,000,000,000 in defense goods and $27,000,000,000 lathes, while

soldiers serve in the field and when in non-defense manufactured goods. Defense prosailors return to port they must have houses and duction will be 22.8 per cent of the total. barracks in which to live. To meet this need the In 1942 it is estimated that defense production Government has embarked on a tremendous de- will be $20,700,000,000, with the value of manufense construction program that will total $4,200,- factured civilian goods at $19,800,000,000. Thus 000,000 in 1941. At the same time non-defense defense production is expected to represent 51 construction will total $7,000,000,000. This com- per cent of the total industrial production of the bined volume equals the totals reached in each of

year. In 1942 we will be producing something the two peak years of 1926 and 1927.

like 15 times the amount of armament that was The volume of defense construction in 1942 will produced in 1940 and about five times the amount exceed that of 1941. This is due in part to the I that will be produced this year.

American-Built Tanks 'Used by Allies in Libya American-made tanks had their battle baptism in rapid-fire cannon mounted on a turret so it can the renewed Allied offensive in Libya (late Novem- cover a full circle, & 50-caliber machine gun, four ber, 1941) and were reported to have given an 30-caliber machine guns and a sub-machine gun. excellent account of their capabilities when pitted A powerful aircraft type radial air-cooled motor, against the machines of the Germans and the heavily armored, furnishes driving power. Italians. The tanks used were of two sizes, the The 28-ton tanks mainly are manufactured by light 13-ton tank and the medium, 28-ton "rolling the Chrysler Tank Arsenal in Detroit. Their cruisfortress." Changes had been made by the British ing speed is 30 miles an hour. They are armed

with to at them to desert warfare. A general description a 75mm. field piece mounted to the right of the of the tanks follows:

driver, which has a limited forward arc; & 37mm. The 13-ton tanks are built by the American Car cannon and a 30-caliber machine gun

on a turret, and Foundry Co. at Berwick, Pa. They have a which can sweep a full circle and may be elevated cruling speed of 35 mlles an hour across country, for anti-aircraft work; two 50-caliber and two 30and a maximum speed on good roads of nearly 70 callber machine guns fired from within the tank, miles an hour. They are armed with a 37mm. and two sub-machine guns.

Administration of National Defense The administration of National Defense in the Stettinius, Jr., administrator. Staff of 207. Acts United States is grouped under thirty-five separate for the President in the administration of the divisions, agencies or offices under the President. Lend-Lease Act. Clears with the Economic DeAn unofficial enumeration shows that more than

fense Board those lend-lease transactions which 800,000 employes are at work in these offices, either

in the judgment of the Board affect the economic

defense of the United States. in Washington or in the field, all concerned with

Defense Communications Board-James Lawrence one or more defense problems. The bulk of the Fly, chairman. Charged with developing a copersonnel is engaged in the War and Navy De-ordinated program for the operation of all forms partments, which together have an aggregate of of communication, especially radio, in the event 575,000 civilian employes. Another 220,000 em- of the involvement of the United States in the war. ployes administer the Selective Service Act and Without operating or procurement functions. Has 200,000 of these are unpaid workers in local com- no power of censorship and can take over no munities.

facilities. Has no paid personnel or office of its The President, as Commander in Chief of the own. Army and the Navy, is at the top of the defense Division of Transportation-Ralph Budd, comeffort. He has delegated increasing powers to missioner. Staff of 20. Charged with coordinating various individuals and organizations but has re- transportation facilities of the country to meet all tained for himself the veto power, contending that defense needs. under the Constitution he cannot delegate the Office of Defense Health and Welfare Services final responsibility of the Chief Executive. In the Paul V. McNutt, director, Staff of 125. A central special agencies created to meet the problems of coordinating agency to formulate and execute defense, key positions are held by the Supply, plans, policies and programs designed to assure Priorities and Allocations Board, the Office of the provision of adequate service of health and Production Management and the Office of Price welfare to the nation. Administration. The defense organizations below National Defense Mediation Board-W. H. Davis, the President are:

chairman. Staff of 67. A board representative of Petroleum Coordinator for National Defense the public, employers and employes. "In any dispute Secretary of the Interior, Harold Ickes. Staff of which threatens to obstruct the production or 220. Engaged in formulating, with governmental transportation of equipment or materials essential agencies, and the oil companies, methods of con- to national defense, the board is authorized to serving petroleum for the national defense and make every reasonable effort to adjust and settle increasing supply.

any such controversy by assisting the parties Selective Service System-Brig. Gen, Lewis B. thereto to negotiate agreements; afford means for Hershey, director. Staff of 220,000, approximately voluntary arbitration, assist in establishing when 20,000 paid employes. In charge of drafting men desirable to the parties methods for resolving from the ages of 21 to 27 and physically and men- future controversies; investigate issue between emtally fit into Army service.

ployers and employes; request the National Labor War Department Secretary of War, Henry L. Relations Board, in any controversy or dispute Stimson. Staff of 316,936. Organizes and equips relating to the appropriate unit or appropriate Army which has grown to approximately 1,600,000 representative to be designated for purposes of colmen.

lective bargaining, to expedite as much as possible Council of National Defense-Composed of the the determination of appropriate unit or approSecretaries of War, Navy, Interior, Agriculture, priate representative of the workers. Commerce and Labor. Created in 1916 but inactive Supply, Priorities and Allocation Board Vice since 1918. Commission advisory in character but President Henry A. Wallace, chairman. Charged has become inoperative as its functions have been with fixing priorities and allocations of the supply absorbed by new divisions.

of materials, fuel, power and other commodities. Economic Defense Board--Vice President Henry It not only apportions the available supply of maA. Wallace, chairman. Staff of 800. Works under terials among military, defense-ald, and total direction of Milo Perkins to develop and coordinate civilian needs, but also governs the allocation of policies, plans and programs designed to protect supplies among civilian industries. and strengthen the international economic rela- Office of Civilian Defense-Fiorello H. La Guardia, tions of the United States in the interest of mayor of New York, director. Staff of 228. National Defense, Main objective to stop Axis charged with planning and carrying out civilian economic penetration in Latin America,

defense programs for the protection of life and Coordinator of Information-William J. Donovan, property in the event of an emergency, including coordinator. In charge of United States counter the recruitment and training of civilian auxiliaries; propaganda in Axis territory.

also to promote activities designed to sustain the Permanent Joint Board on Defense, United national morale. States and Canada-Florello H. La Guardia, mayor Division of Defense Housing Coordination-C. F. of New York City, and O. M. Bigger, K. C., co- Palmer, coordinator. Staff of 224, Has the responchairman; La Guardia for the United States and sibility of ascertaining amount and character of Bigger for Canada. Charged with coordinating housing that must be supplied for military and United States and Canadian defense.

civilian personnel engaged in defense activities and Department of Navy-Secretary Frank Knox, to assure that the lack of adequate housing does Staff of 260,000 civilians in Washington and the not impede the effort. The division builds no field. Charged with building and arming a two- houses but works through other governmental and ocean Navy and to patrol the Atlantic in the private agencies. present emergency.

Office for Scientific Research and DevelopmentU. S. Coast Guard-Rear Admiral Russell R. Vannevar Bush, director, Staff of 584. Coordinates Waesche, commandant. Civilian staff of 5,000. and supplements existing government research Aids Navy in patrolling the Atlantic and harbors, work on defense projects, mobilizes scientists and inspecting foreign ships, requisitioning for foreign equipment from private industry for defense acvessels on order of the Secretary of the Treasury, tivities and advises the President on scientific operates international ice patrol, provides light problems. house service, valuable to ships and trans-Atlantic Omice of Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs bomber flights.

Nelson A. Rockefeller, coordinator. Staff of 326. Omce of Agricultural Defense Regulations-M. Coordinates all activities designed to improve culClifford Townsend, director. Staff of 20. Works tural and commercial relations among the nations with regular employes of the Department of Agri- of the Western Hemisphere. Seeks to increase culture in supervising purchases of food and to United States imports from Latin America and to adjust production and acquisition of these products stop Axis economic penetration in South American to meet the demand.

countries and to aid these countries in purchasing Office of Emergency Management-Wayne Coy, necessaries in the United States. liaison officer. Staff of 23. Clearing house from Omce of Production Management-William S. the President to defense agencies.

Knudsen, director-general, and Sidney Hillman, Division of Information--Robert W. Horton, associate director general, Staff of approximately chief. Staff of 220. Provides information officers 3,900. Central organization for the production of for each of OEM's branches, both in Washington planes, tanks, ships and other weapons of war, and in the field.

but has no procurement powers and serves Army Division of Central Administrative Services and Navy in & purely advisory capacity. Staff of 669. Maintains a central budgeting, ac- Division of Production-W. H. Harrison, dicounting and fiscal system for OEM and its con- rector. Staff of 378. Coordinates and assists the stituent agencies. Also provides for OEM personnelArmy, Navy and Maritime Commission in mobilizand office services.

ing existing production facilities; provides emerOffice of Lend-Lease Administration-Edward R. gency plants and facilities and expedites in a

general way the production of aircraft, ordnance, tion. Charged with the responsibility of assuring ships and tools. The aircraft program, which an adequate production and supply of critical and amounted in the fall of 1941 to $7,000,000,000, is strategic materials. Supervised plans for Lácteasan example of the cooperation of the aircraft ing steel production by 10,000,000 tons. branch, the armed services, private manufacturers Division of Contract DistributionFloyd B. end Federal financing agencies. Many new plants Odlum, director. Staff of 600. Charged with the were built and many were expanded before mass task of spreading defense work into more and more production was possible.

factories to speed up arms output and to prevent Division of Purchases-Douglas C. McKeachie, the extinction of small business. Aims to gain the director. Staff of 179, mainly purchasing agents in greatest utilization of industrial and labor facilities private business. Coordinates the placement of all for defense purposes, to convert into defense promajor defense orders and contracts and reviews for duction civilian industries which have been hamclearance, prior to the award, all major proposals pered by shortages of raw materials, and to create for the purchase or construction by the War De- pools of plant equipment from many small orms partment or the Navy Department of Materials, so that together they may undertake defense work articles or equipment needed for defense.

impossible to handle as individuals. Division of Labor-Sidney Hillman, director. Office of Price Administration Leon Henderson, Staff of 784. Ascertains labor requirements for administrator. Staff of 983. Charged with prenational defense; develops programs and coordi- venting inflation through

the control of prices nates efforts for assuring an adequate and trained Began operation without statutory authority. labor supply for defense purposes; advises with Price operations-J. K. Galbraith, director. Prorespect to problems of standards of work and em- poses price orders and administers them after they ployment in defense industries; assists in the pre- have been promulgated by the Price Administrator. vention and adjustment of any labor controversies Main task is to prevent inflation by stopping or which might retard the defense effort, and advises at least restraining price advances. and collaborates with the other divisions of the Consumer Service --Harriet Elliot, director. Office of Production Management on all matters charged with maintaining a civilian standard of affecting labor.

living as high as possible consistent with military Division of Civilian Supply-Leon Henderson, defense requirements." Works with other govem director. Staff of 224. Charged with the responsi- mental agencies in presenting consumer needs and bility of allocating scarce materials among com- the viewpoint on problems of price and supply. peting civilian demands; supervises supply ex- Maintains a field staff to aid consumers in Interpansion to provide for minimum

civilian needs and preting the defense program and has a standards supervises activities of nine branches of industry and Needs Section to conserve essential resources producing predominantly civilian goods.

of materials, machines and man power; entering Division of Priorities-Donald M. Nelson, di- into the production of consumer goods by studying rector. Staff of 505. Charged with allocation of the problems of substitution and simplification, scarce materials and the issuance of preference office of Facts and Figures Archibald MacLeish, ratings. It is the duty of the division to see that director. Formulates programs designed to facili& contract with an A-l-& rating is put ahead of a tate a widespread and accurate understanding of contract with an A-1-b rating.

the status and progress of the national defense Division of Materials-W. L. Batt, director. Staff effort and of the defense policies and activities of of 393. Responsible for planning and carrying out the Government. Advises with the agencies and an integrated program for the supply of raw and departments of the Government concerning the semi-finished materials needed in defense produc- dissemination of this information.

Defense Financial Program (as of Oct. 31, 1941) There follows a statement of the defense financial program as of Oct. 31, 1941, giving cash, appropriations, contract and tonnage authorizations and Reconstruction Finance Corporation commitments. Date Name of Law

Amount 76TH CONGRESS Mar 25, 1940.. Treasury and Post Office Departments Appropriation Act, 1941.

$16,800,000 Apr. 18, 1940. Independent Offices Appropriations Act, 1941

5,000.000 May 14, 1940. Departments of State, Commerce. Justice & Judiciary Appropriation, 1941 2,500,000 June 11. 1940. Navy Department and Naval Service Appropriation, 1941,

*8,203.000.000 June 13. 1940 Military Appropriations Act, 1941.

1,674,000,000 June 24, 1940. War Department Civil Appropriations Act, 1941

137,500,000 June 26, 1940. First Supplemental National Defense Appropriation Act 1941

1,842,800,000 June 37. 1940. . Second Deficiency Appropriation Act, 1940

22,800,000 June 28, 1940. An Act to Expedite National Defense and for other purposes

32,500,000 July 18, 1940.. U. S. Maritime Commission, Insurance.

40,000,000 July 31, 1940.. Tennessee Valley Authority

25.000.000 Sept. 9, 1940. Second Supplemental National Defense Appropriation Act, 1941

5,252,000.000 Sept. 24, 1940.. Military Establishment, additional appropriation.

338,000,000 Oct. 8, 1940. Third Supplemental National Defense Appropriation Act, 1941

1,482,800,000 Oet. 9, 1940.. First Supplemental Civil Functions Appropriation Act, 1941

170, 200,000 Oet. 14. 1940.. National Defense Housing...

150,000,000 77TH CONGRESS Feb. 6. 1941..,Cargo Ships-Construction

378,500,000 Feb. 13. 1941. Multary Establishment-Clothing and Equipage Appropriation

175,000,000 Mar. 1, 1941. . Urgent Deficiency Appropriation Act, 1941

6,500,000 Mar. 17. 1941. urth Supplemental National Defense Appropriation Act, 1941

2,795,000,000 Mar 27, 1941.. Defense Ald Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1941.

7 000,000,000 April 1, 1941.. First Deficiency Appropriation Act, 1941. ...

48,700,000 April 6, 1941. Independent Offices Act, 1942.

429,600,000 April 5, 1941. Fifth Supplemental National Defense Appropriation Act, 1941

4,192,000,000 May 6, 1941. . Naval Appropriatlon Act, 1942.

*1.133,000,000 May 23, 1941.. War Department Civil Appropriation Act, 1942.

93,300,000 May 24, 1941. . Additional Urgent Deficiency Appropriation Act, 1941,

168,600,000 May 31, 1941. Treasury and Post Omce Departments Appropriation Act, 1942

64,500,000 June 28, 1941. Appropriations-Departments of State Justice Judiciary and Commerce 151,100,000 June 30, 1941.. Military Appropriation Act, 1942.

7,211,000.000 July 1, 1941. Lahor-- Federal Security Appropriation Act, 1942

172,100,000 July 3, 1941. Second Deficiency Appropriation Act, 1941. .

2.146,400,000 July 16, 1941. Appropriation-Tennessee Valley Authority.

40,000,000 Aug. 25, 1941, First Supplemental National Defense Appropriation Act, 1942

7.549,400,000

3,953,500,000 Oet. 28, 1941.. Second Supplemental National Defense Appropriation Act, 1942

6.145,000,000 Oct. 28, 1941.. RFC commitments to Spet. 30, 1941...

3,963,500,000 Oct. 28, 1941. Maritime Commission Funds Avallable, July 1, 1940.

160,000,000 Oct. 28, 1941. CostAdjustments on Previously Estimated Contract and Tonnage Author

izations. Due to Increased Cost of Materials and Change of Design as
of October 31, 1941..

554,000,000 Total Authorized Defense Program..

63,962,100,000 "Naval and Maritime Commission Contract and Tonnage Authorizations are estimates subject to revision.

President Roosevelt asked Congress (Nov. 17, 1941) for supplemental appropriations of $7,082,419,046 for the Army, Navy and defense housing. If granted they will bring the funds authorized for National Defense to a total of $71,044,519,046.

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