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280

555

Parmer
1,062 370 936 135|| Taylor

7,853

983 6.169 678 Pecos. 1,883 332 1,330

167 Terrell

417
113 324

84 Polk. 2.642

1,618 141
Terry

2,116
145 1.619

87 Potter

7,203 2,285 6,496 1,018|| ThrockPresidio

917
163 938 106 morton

995

138 949 132 Rains 1.0801 262

676
63|Titus.

3,681
255 1,872

77 Randall

1,179 382 1,656 142 | Tom Green 6,433 1,049 .4.803 627 Reagan

520
88 477
66||Travis.

17,300 3,128 12,092 1,154 Real.

453
126
210
55 Trinity
1,791 274 1.196

151 Red River 3,899

2.685
199|| Tyler

1,566 228 1,076 116 Reeves, 1,305 247 1,127 100|| Upshur

3,480 518 Refugio. 1,493 458 1,058 242|| Upton.

988 157 728

81 Roberts

408

55
426 27Uvalde

1,871 556 1,743 354 Robertson

3.191
175 2.633
86 Val Verde

1.628

616 1,262 504 Rockwall.

1,510
95 1,168
26 | Van Zaniit

4,975 721 3,257 245 Runnels.

3,088
835 2,985 313 | Victoria

2,493 956

2,081 352 Rusk 7.901 704 6,107 433|| Walker.

2.158 218 1,716

69 Sabine 1,626 157 1,216 108 | Waller

1,067 301 889 111 San

Ward
1,932 282 1,113

98 Augustine 1,325 119 1,054 64 Washington. 1,449 1,868 1.993 176 San Jacinto

7641
119 564
67 Webb

4,147 775 3,5941 696 San Patricio. 2,9631 980 2,213

482 Wharton.

3,976 760 3,034 307 San Saba.. 2,304 221 1,505 147

Wheeler

2,600 517 2,4151 277 Schleicher.

578
117
469
78 | Wichita

11,672 2,206 9,428 1.327 Scurry 2,303 280 1,746 162 Wilbarger..

3,249 697 3,279 316 dct elford 1.52 229 1,153 152|| Willacy

1,17

740 1,002 376 Shelby

4,720 349 3,167 136 Williamson 5,959 1,714 4,995 375 Sherman

528

S2
568
34|| Wilson.

2,750 605 2,573 286 Smith 9,410 1,557 7,116 660 Winkler.

1,340 172 903

63 Somervell.

532
138
317

57
Wise

3,751 498 2.737 348 Starr.

1,200
68 2,289 320 Wood.

3,559 585 2,751 192 Stephens 2,750 471

2,380 681
Yoakum

885
134
227

13 Sterling

425

16
384

14
Young
3,712 478

3,065

304 Stonewall 1.172 156 1,001

59 Zapata.

836 495 282 Sutton

571

84
398
64 Zavala

739 259 788 209 Swisher

1,432 298 1.453 140 Terrant

36 0641 7,476 29.7911 3.781 Totals. 840,151 199,152 734.485 103,874 1940 (President)-Babson, Proh., 925; Thomas, Soc., 728; Browder, Com., 212. 1940 (U. S. Senator)-Connally, Dem., 978,095, Shannon, Rep., 59,340; Brooks, Com., 408. 1938 (Governor)-O'Daniel, Dem., 473,526; Boynton, Rep., 10,940; Miller, Soc., 398; Brooks, Com., 424, 1936 (President)---Lemke, Union, 3,281; Thomas, Soc., 1,075, Browder. Com., 253 Colvin, Proh., 514.

1936 (U. S. Senator)-Sheppard, Dem., 774,975; Watson, Rep., 59,491; Gertrude Wilson, Ind., 1,836; Starr, Ind., 958.

1932 (President)-Thomas, Soc., 4,450; Foster, Com., 207; Jackson Party, 104; Liberty Party, 324.

34

PAST VOTE OF TEXAS 1872 (Pres.), Grant, Rep., 47,406; Greeley, Dem. 65,666; Chafin, Proh., 1.634; Debs, Soc., 7,870. and Lib., 66,500.

1912 (Pres.), Wilson, Dem., 219,489: Taft. Rep.. 1876 (Pres.). Tilden, Dem., 104,755; Hayes, Rep., 26,745; Roosevelt, Prog., 28,530: Debs, Soc.. 44.800.

24,896. 1880 (Pres.), Hancock, Dem., 156,428; Garfield, 1916 (Pres.), Wilson, Dem., 286,514; Hughes, Rep. Rep., 57,893; Weaver, Greenback, 27,405.

64,919: Hanly, Proh., 1.985; Benson. Soc., 18,963. 1884 (Pres.), Cleveland, Dem., 225,309; Blaine, 1920 (Pres.), Cox, Dem., 288.767; Harding, Rep.. Rep., 93,141; St. John, Proh., 3.534.

114,269; Debs, Soc., 8, 121; Rep. (Black and Tan). 1888 (Pres.), Cleveland, Dem., 234,883; Harrison, 27.247: Amer. Party, 47.968. Rep., 88,280; Streeter, U. Lab., 29,459.

1924 (Pres.), Davis, Dem., 484,605; Coolidge, 1892 (Pres.), Cleveland, Dem., 136,594; Harrison, Rep., 130,023; LaFollette. Prog., 42,881. Rep.. 99,851; Weaver, People's. 23,730.

1928 (Pres.), Hoover, Rep., 367,036; Smith, Dem., 1896 (Pres.), Bryan, Dem. and People's (Populist),

341,032; Thomas, Soc., 722; Foster. Com.. 209. 361,224; Palmer, Nat'l (Gold) Dem., 4,853;

1932 (Pres.) Roosevelt, Dem., 760,348; Hoover, McKinley, Rep., 158,894; Levering. Proh., 1.722. Rep., 97.959; Thomas, Soc., 4,450; Harvey, Lib. 1900 (Pres.), Bryan, Dem., 267,432; McKinley, 324; Foster,'Com., 207; Jackson Party, 104. Rep., 130,641; Woolley, Proh., 2.644.

1936 (Pres.). Roosevelt, Dem., 734,485; Landon, 1904 (Pres.). Parker, Dem., 167,200; Roosevelt. Rep.. 103,874; Lemke. Union, 3,281; Thomas, Rep., 51,242; Debs, Soc., 2,791.

Soc., 1,075; Colvin, Proh., 514; Browder, Com., 1908 (Pres.), Bryan, Dem., 217,302; Taft. Rep.,

253.

Proportional Representation and How It Works Proportional representation is the method used they rank in his preference. The voter does not in an election by which the votes are so counted have to vote for every candidate on the ballot. that each party has representation in the elective The N. Y. City Charter provides that when a body in proportion to its strength.

man has received 75,000 votes he shall be declared The voter finds on the P. R. ballot handed to him elected to the Council. Since some candidates will party or group designations after the names of receive more than the quota on the first tally their those candidates who are officially supported by extra ballots will be transferred to the next availthe parties or groups. Emblems are barred, but op- able choice marked on that extra ballot. If both posite each name is a small square. Instead of the number 1 and 2 choices are elected, the ballot marking a cross in the square the voter marks the will be cast for the number 3 choice. If enough ballot with the figures 1, 2, 3, 4, etc., in the order candidates are not elected by this process after the of his preference for the candidates. If Candidate first tally, the candidate wiin the smallest number A is the voter's first choice, the numeral 1 is writ of first choices is eliminated and these ballots are ten in the square opposite Candidate A. If Candi- now transferred to the next available choice indate B ranks second, 2 goes in the square opposite dicated on the ballot. This process of elimination his name. The voter distributes the igures 3, 4, 5, and distribution continues until the proper number 6, etc., opposite the names of the candidates as of candidates has been elected.

Utah
(Presidential vote, 1940, 1936)

1940

1936

1940

1936

Wayne

Counties Roos., Willkie, Roos., Landon, Counties Roos., Willkie, Roos., Landon, Dem. Rep. Dem. Rep.

Dem. Rep. Dem.

Rep. Beaver 1.303 1,101 1,337

913 Rich.
475 447

4861

388 Box Elder.. 4,736 3.248 5.001

2,180

Salt Lake.. 67,318 35,427 62,321 23,819 Cache 7,867 5,184 8,606 8,258

San Juan...
515 528

520

432 Carbon.. 5,180 2.242 5,040

1,348
Sanpete. 3,524 3,722

3,945 2.738 Daggett 160 90

128
78 Sevier

2,521 2,703 2,812 1,899 Davis 3,865 2,836 3.920 1.841

Summit.

2,215) 1.730 2,344 1,422 Duchesne 1,982 1,322 1.970 1,070 Tooele.

2,6251 1,476

2,361

1,029 Emery 1,901 1,006 1,909

938
Vintah. 1.773 1,624

1.986

1,193 Garfield.. 814 1,030 928

842 Utah.

15,168 8,740 14,387 6,173 Grand 446 432 521

272
Wasatch. 1,502 1,199

1,299 1,029 Iron.

1,915 2,060 1,844 1,396 Washington 1,993 1,625 2,005 1,145 Juab. 2,136 1,412 2,313

1,027

500 380

522

329 Kane 339 675 381

519
Weber..

18,037 7,946 17,594 4,989 Millard. 2,302 1,943 2,314

1,466 Morgan. 699 575 738

483 Totals... 154,277 93,151 150,246 64,555 Plute.

442 610) 1940 (President)-Thomas, Soc., 200; Browder, Com., 191. 1940 (U. S. Senator)-Murdock, Dem., 155,499; Farnsworth, Jr., Rep., 91,931. 1940 (Governor)-Maw, Dem., 128,519; Colton, Rep., 117,713; Quinn, Ind., 580.

PAST VOTE OF UTAH 1896 (Pres.), Bryan. Dem. and People's: 64,607: | 1916 (Pres.). Wilson, Dem., 84,025: Hughes. Rep., Palmer, Dem., 21; McKinley, Rep., 13,491.

54,137; Hanly, Proh., 149; Benson, Soc., 4;460. 1900 (Pres.). Bryan,

Dem.,
45,006; McKinley.

1920 (Pres.), Cox, Dem., 58,639; Harding. Rep., Rep., 47,089; Woolley, Proh., 209, Debs, Soc., 720.

81,555; Debs, Soc., 3,159; F.-Lab., 4,475.

1924 (Pres.). Coolidge, Rep. 77,327; Davis, Dem.. 1904 (Pres.) Parker, Dem., 33,413; Roosevelt, Rep., 62,446; Debs, Soc., 5,767.

47,001; LaFollette, Prog., 33,662.

1928 (Pres.), Hoover, Rep., 94,618; Smith, Dem., 1908 (Pres.), Bryan, Dem., 42,601; Taft, Rep.,

80,985; Thomas, Soc.. 954: Foster, Com., 47. 61,028; Debs, Soc., 4,895.

1932 (Pres.), Roosevelt, Dem., 116.750; Hoover, 1912 (Pres.). Wilson, Dem., 36,579; Taft, Rep., Rep., 84,795; Thomas, Soc., 4,087; Foster, Com. 42,100; Roosevelt, Prog., 28,174; Soc., 9,023.

947.

466

339

Vermont

(Presidential vote, 1940, 1936)
1940
1936

1940

1936 Counties Roos., Willkie, Roos., Landon, Counties Roos., ! Willkie, Roos., Landon, Dem. Rep. Dem. Rep.

Dem. Rep. Dem. Rep. Addison... 2,593 4,500 2,646 5,161 ||Orange

2,029 4,527 1,796

4,956 Bennington, 4,308 5,845

4,166 5,515 Orleans.

3,294 4,480 2,662 5,038 Caledonia.. 3,444 5.793 3,342 6,054 Rutland..

8,798 10,829 9,543 10.794 Chittenden. 11,069 7,926 10.962 7,757 Washington 7,727 8,426 8,073 8,351 Essex

1,531 1,365 1,203 1,474 | Windham.. 4,101 7,031 3,699 7.369 Franklin 7,439 5,258 6,817

5,507 Windsor ... 5,475 9,109 5,084 9,489 Grand Isle. 998 716

852

712 Lamoille.. 1,463 2,566 1.2791 2,846 Totals. 64,269 78,371 62,124 81,023

1940 (President)-Browder, Com., 411.

1940 (U. S. Senator)-Austin, Rep., 93,283; Searles, Dem., 47,101. For the unexpired term ending Jan. 3, 1945: Aiken, Rep., 87,150; Comings, Dem., 54,263. 1940' (Governor)-Wills, Rep., 87,346; McGrath, Dem., 49,068.

PAST VOTE OF VERMONT 1872 (Pres.), Greeley, Dem. and Lib., 10,927: 1904 (Pres.), Parker, Dem., 9,777; Roosevelt, Rep..

Grant, Rep.: 41,481; O'Conor, Lab. Ref., 593; 40,459: Swallow. Proh., 792; Debs, Soc.. 859 1876 (Pres.), Tilden, Dem., 20.350; Hayes, Rep., 1908 (Pres.), Bryan, Dem., 11,496: Taft. Rep.. 44,428.

39,552; Claflin. Proh.. 802. 1880 (Pres.), Hancock, Dem., 19,316; Garfield, 1912 (Pres.). Wilson, Dem. 15,334; Taft. Rep., Rep., 45,567; Weaver, Greenback, 1,215.

23.332; Roosevelt, Prog., 22,132; Debs, Soc., 928 1884 (Pres.), Cleveland, Dem., 17,331; Blaine, 1916 (Pres.). Wilson, Dem., 22,739; Hughes, Rep.,

40,295; Rep., 39,514; St. John, Proh., 1,752.

lanly. Proh., 715; Debs, Soc., 801. 1888 (Pres.) Cleveland, Dem., 16,785: Harrison. 1928 PresCoxDem. 20,919; Harding. Rep..

Watkins, Proh.. Rep.. 45,192; Fisk, Proh., 1,460.

1924 (Pres.), Coolidge, Rep., 80,498; Davis, Dem., 1892 (Pres.). Cleveland, Dem., 16,325; Harrison,

16,124; Lafollette, Prog., 5,964; Faris, Proh., 326. Rep., 37,992: Weaver, People's, 44.

1928 (Pres.). Hoover, Rep., 90,404; Smith, Dem.. 1896 (Pres.), Bryan, Dem., 10,607; Palmer, Dem.,

44.440: Varney, Proh.. 338. 1,329; McKinley, Rep., 50,991.

1932 (Pres.), Roosevelt, Dem., 56,266; Hoover, 1900 (Pres.), Bryan, Dem., 12,849; McKinley. Rep., 78,984; Thomas, Soc., 1,533; Foster, Com., Rep., 42,569; Woolley. Proh., 388.

195.

Congressional Apportionment
Source: United States Bureau of the Census; based on 1940 population

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Virginia

(Presidential vote, 1940, 1936)

882

588

Rock'gham

Warren

145

1940
1936

1940

1936 Counties Roos..

Willkie,
Roos., Lindon, Counties Roos., Willkie,

Roos., Landon,
Dem. Rep. Dem. Rep.

Dem. Rep. Dem. Rep. Accomac... 1,476

1,583
670 No'th'berl'd 712 386

618

260 Albemarle.. 1.648 804 1,825

635 Nottoway..

1.290

373
1,297

260 Alleghany.. 2,153 1,164 2,013 1,319

Orange...
1,283 464

1,227

402 Amelia. 562 267 753

239
Page.

1.596 1,630 1.888 1,551 Amherst

2.048
292 1,734
236 Patrick

1,479 514

1,588

726 App'matt'x 1,144

215 1,375
204 Pitts'lvania. 3,710 728 3,694

556 Arlington... 5, 440 4,365 4,971 2,825

Powhatan..

510
157 438

158 Augusta.. 2,774 1,768 2,872 1,668 Prince Ed.. 1,110 313 1,153

253 Bath 630 527 614

514 Prince Geo.

766
156 713

128 Bedford.. 2,535 791 2,276

619
Pr'ess Anne

1,689
445 1,925

436 Bland. 753 693 778

642
Pr. Wil'm.. 1,435 500 1,512

457 Botetourt. 1,329 1,085 1.544 1,343

Pulaski.

2,226
11.023

2,337 1.180 Brunswick,

1.2881
164 1,303
60 Rapp'ba'ck

225 686

241 Buchanan.. 2.554 1,291 1,886 808 Richmond, . 475

257
451

217 Bucki'g'm.. 829 289 945

273 Roanoke...

3,539 2,302 3,422 2,105 Campbell... 2,358 456 1.987

370|| Rockbridge

1.618 902 1.635 868 Caroline 1,136 305 1.104

258

2,569 2,922 2,916 2,834 Carroll. 1,546 1.835 2,122 3,245 Russell.

3,109 2,080 3,143 1.599 Charles C'y. 238

92 233
79 Scott.

2,474 2,982 2.122 2,046 Charlotte 1,467 251 1.727

190 Shenandoah 2,450 3,527 2,861 3,152 (hestert'la 3,354

879 2,522
621 Smyth,

2,420 2,134 2,337 2,067 Clarke.. 1,043 333 940

198
So'th'mton. 1,508 213 1,673

148 Craig

656
299 653
395 Spots'lv'nia 785 365

836

453 Culpeper. 1,208 579 1,266

551 Stafford..

803
463 651

596 Cumberl'd..

396
157 476

136
Surry..
6581 120

715

87 Dickenson.. 2,551 1.785 2,683 1,146 Sussex.

737 164 880

126 Dinwiddie. 1,129 264 1,343

127 Tazewell. 3,108 2,356 2,992 1.981 Eliz'th C'y 2,337 652 1.925

597
1,338 491 1,174

426 Essex 547

527
116 Warwick,

1,065 305

870

200 Fairfax

3,263 2,371 2,913 1,584 Washingt'n 3,245 2,697 2,595 2,047 Fauquier. 1,874 756 2,037 629 West m'l'ad 845 357 871

296 Floyd.. 729 1,482 699 1,566

Wise

4,533 1.448 5.399 2.057 Fluvana.

579
241
586
217 Wythe.

1.695 1,507

2,089 2,781 Franklin 2,037 925 2,285

975
York.
787 177

729

228 Frederick, 1.631 773 1.386

665
Glles
1,716

Totals..
1,547
1,024
1,047

160,198 82,895 161,083 76,366 Gloucester. 937 241 1,012

281 Goochland

820
180 638

228 Cities Grayson,.. 2,703 2,800

3,005 3,343 Alexandria, 4,004 1,802 3,381 1.225 Greene.

363
282 341
321 Bristol
1,465 423 1.364

311 Green's ville. 843 152 884

Buena Vista

280
113 363

177 Hallfax 3, 441 3731 4,331

302 Ch'l'tt'sville 1,759 743 1,393 335 Hanover. 1.347 364 1,397 327 Clift'n Firge 1.179 353 1,199

343 Henrico. 3,993 2,005 3,610 1,285 Dan ville

3.324 7871 3,266

549 Henry 1,795 474 1,790

458
Fred'cks'b'g 1,037 522 944

411 Highland 549 628 515

522 Hampton.

975 215

971

190 Isle of WTht

1,138
208 1.025
207 Harris'nb'g 1,462 1.000 1.390

894 James City

306
146
302
Hopewell... 981

308 1,309

332 Ki'g George 515

167
469

295 Lynchburg 4.656 1,966 3,697 1,373 K'g and Q'n 365

124
372
124 Martinsville 980

269 949 255 K'g Wilm. 697 235 696 211 N'p'rt News 3.907 863 4,021

919 Lancaster ..

711
317 689

322 Norfolk. ... 10.783 3,483 10,561 3,229 Lee. 4,180 2.623

4,120 2,060 Petersburg 2.193 604 2,192 444 Loudoun. 2.156 1.061 2,287 867 Portsmo'th. 5.053 675 5.617

861 Louisa. 896

1,100
486 Radford.
793 417 650

421 Lunenburg 1.213

144 1,291

77 Richmond, 19,332 6,031 18,784 4,478 Madison. 692 646 804

662 Roanoke..

6,942 3,553 7.087 3,363 Mathews. 592 349 622

So. Norfolk

920
156 .823

172 Mecklenb'g 2,402 308

2,730
202 Staunton.. 1,042 687 1.091

56S Middlesex.. 586

125
653
123 Suffolk.

1.215 3831

1.360

281 Montgom'y 2,168 1,890 1,832 1,852 Willmsburg 367 168 382 Nansem'ad 1,408 129 1.478

175
Winchester 1,114 945 1.096

743 Nelson. 1,291 330 1,204

370

Tot' I,Cit's 75.763 New Kent.

26,468 73,897 21,970 286 133 307

120 Nortolk. 3,821 639 3.734

652

" Count's 160,198 82,895 161,083 76,366 N'tb'm'ton. 866 359 975

277 Co's & Cit's' 235.961 109,363 234.980 98.366 1940 (President)-Babson, Proh., 882; Thomas, Soc., 282; Aiken, Soc. Lab., 48; Browder, Com., 71. 1940 (U. S. Senator ) - Byrd, Dem., 274,260; Bernstein, Ind., 11, 159; Burke, Ind., 8.250. 1936 (President)--Thomas, Soc., 313; Lemke, Union, 233; Colvin, Proh., 694; Browder, Com., 98.

PAST VOTE OF VIRGINIA 1872 (Pres.), Greeley, Dem. and Lib., 91,654: Grant, 1904 (Pres.), Parker, Dem., 86.548; Roosevelt, Rep. Rep., 93,468; O'Connor, Lab. Ref., 42.

47.880; Swallow, Proh., 1.383: Debs, Soc., 56. 1876 (Pres.), Tilden, Dem., 139,670; Hayes, Rep., 1908 (Pres.). Bryan, Dem., 82,946; Tait, Rep. 95,558.

52,573; Chafin, Proh, 1,111; Debs, Soc., 255. 1880 (Pres.). Hancock, Dem.. 128.568: Garfield, 1912 (Pres.), Wilson, Dem., 90,332; Taft, Rep.,

Rep., 84,020. Of the Hancock votes, 96,912 were 23,288; Roosevelt, Prog., 21,777; Debs, Soc., 820. cast by the Regulars, and 31,674 by the Read- 1916 (Pres.), Wilson, Dem., 102,824; Hughes, Rep.. justers.

49,356: Hanly. Proh., 783; Benson. Soc. 1.060. 1884 (Pres.). Cleveland, Dem., 145,497; Blaine, 1920 (Pres.), Cox, Dem., 141,670, Harding. Rep. Rep., 139,356; St. John. Proh.. 138.

87,456; Watkins, Proh., 826: Debs, Soc.. 807 1888 (Pres.), Cleveland, Dem., 151,979; Harrison,

Christensen, Farm.-Lab., 240. Rep., 150,449; Fisk, Proh., 1,682.

1924 (Pres.), Davis, Dem., 139,797: Coolidge, 1892 (Pres.). Cleveland, Dem., 163,977: Harrison, Rep., 73,359; LaFollette, Progs., 10,379; Johns, Rep., 113.256; Weaver, People's, 12,275; Bidwell, Soc. - Lab.. 191. Proh., 2,798

1928 (Pres). Hoover, Rep., 164,609; Smith, Dem., 1896 (Pres.). Bryan, Dem. and People's (Populist). 140,146: Thomas, Soc., 250: Reynolds, Soc. Lab.. 154.985; Palmer, Natl (Gold) Dem.. 2.127; 180: Foster, Com.. 173.

McKinley, Rep.. '135,388; Levering. Proh, 2.344. 1932 (Pres.). Roosevelt. Dem., 203,979: Hoover, 1900 (Pres.). Bryan, Dem., 146.080: McKinley. Rep., Rep., 89.637; Thomas, Soc. 2,382; Upshow,

115.865; Woolley, Proh., 2.150: Debs, Soc., 145. Proh., 1,843: Foster. Com., 86; Cox, Ind., 15.

70

573

452

96

Washington
(Presidential vote, 1940, 1936)

1940

1936

1940

1936

419

Counties Roos., Willkie, Roos., Landon, Countles Roos., Willkie, Roos., Landon,
Dem. Rep.
Dem. Rep.

Dem. Rep. Dem. Rep. Adams. 1,397 1,508 1,944 657 Lincoln...

2,896 2.627 3,627 1,325 Asotin. 2,1071 1,4831 2,261 916 Mason..

3,465 1,775 3.087 1,015 Benton 2,414 2,670 2,402

1,610
Okanogan..

5,362 4,244 5,622 5,250 Chelan.. 7,181 8,019 8,030 4,975 Pacific

4,393 2,704 4,395 1,732 Clallam.

5,966) 3,5551 5,586 2,404 Pend Oreille 1,812 1,268 1,903 813 Clark 12,931 8,776) 12,714 4,868

Pierce

51,670 27,188 48.988 18.331 Columbia 1,218 1,461 1.391

807
San Juan..
860 808

775

690 Cowlitz. 11,420 6,078) 10.147 3,617 Skagit

9,796 7,985 9,639 5,222 Douglas, 1,972 1,959 2,290 1,025 Skamania

1,292 765 1,863 406 Ferry 11,247

5901

1,130 320 Snohomish 26,185 13,638 25,081 8,882 Franklin

1,8681 1,084 1,784 622 Spokane. 44,852 33,228 48,117 19,951 Garfeld... 714 1,003 983 652 Stevens

4,904

3,238

4,536 1,981 Grant

4,097) 1,4871 4,560 694 Thurston. 11,092 7,275 10,647 4,425 Grays H'bor 14,861 8,369 16,851 5,053 Wahklakum 1,164 642

1,098 Island.

1,626 1,371) 1,687 921 Walla Walla 5,875 7,883 6,562 4,584 Jefferson. 2,083 1.5401 2,279 1,063 Whatcom. 14.877 13,351 15,428

9,035 King

143,134 95.504 138,597 66,544 Whitman... 6,351 6,356 7,753 3,955 Kitsap.

13,861 5,525/ 12,414 3,440 Yakima.. 18,092 20,398 17,200 12,555 Kittitas.

5,203 3,401 5.044 1,941 Klickitat.. 2,627) 2,1391 2,545 1,190 Totals... 462,145 322,123 459,579 206,892 Lewis,

9, 2801 9,228) 9,619 5,885 1940 (President)-Thomas, Soc., 4,586; Aiken, Soc. Lab., 667; Browder, Com., 2,626; Babson, Proh., 1,686. 1940 (U. S. Senator)-Wallgren, Dem., 404,718; Chadwick, Rep., 342,589.

1940 (Governor)-Langlie, Rep., 392,522; Dill, Dem., 386,706; Brockway, Com., 1,674; Ater, Soc. Lab., 426.

1938 (U. S. Senator)-Bone, Dem., 371,535; Colvin, Rep., 220,204; Solie, Soc. Lab., 1,553. 1936 (President)-Lemke, Union, 17,463; Thomas, soc., 3,496; Browder, Com., 1,907; Colvin, Proh., 1,041; Alken, Soc. Lab., 362; Pellsy, Christian, 1,598.

PAST VOTE OF WASHINGTON 1892 (Pres.), Cleveland, Dem., 29,844: Harrison, 167,244; Hanly, Proh., 6.868; Benson, Soc., 22,800. Rep., 36,460; Weaver, People's, 19.105; Bidwell, 1920 (Pres.), Cox, Dem., 84,298; Harding, Rep., Proh., 2,553

223,137; Watkins, Proh., 3,790; Debs, Soc., 8,913; 1896 (Pres.), McKinley, Rep., 39,153; Bryan, Dem. and People's, 51.646: Palmer, Nat. Dem., 1,668; | 1924 (Pres.), Coolidge, Rep., 220,224; LaFollette,

Christensen, Farm-Lab., 77,246. Levering, Proh., 1,116. 1900 (Pres.), Bryan, Dem., 44,833; McKinley, Rep.,

Progs., 150,727; Davis, Dem., 42,842; Nations,

Amer., 5,991; Johns, Soc-Lab., 1,004; Foster, 57,456; Woolley, Proh., 2.363: Debs, Soc., 2,006. 1904 (Pres.), Parker, Dem., 28,098; Roosevelt, Rep.,

Workers, 761. 101,540; Swallow, Proh., 3,329; Debs, Soc., 10,023 1928 (Pres.), Hoover, Rep., 335,884; Smith, Dem., 1908 (Pres.), Bryan, Dem., 58,691; Taft, Rep.,

156.772: Thomas, Soc.,' 2,614; Reynolds. Soc. 106,062; Chafin, Proh., 4,700; Debs, Soc., 14,177.

Lab., 4,068; Foster, Com., 1,541. 1912 (Pres.), Wilson, Dem., 86,840; Taft, Rep.,

1932 (Pres.), Roosevelt, Dem., 353,260; Hoover, 70,445; Roosevelt, Prog.. 113,698; Debs, Soc.,

Rep., 208,645; Harvey, Lib., 30.308; Thomas, 40,134

Soc., 17,080; Foster, Com., 2,972: Upshaw, Proh., 1916 (Pres.), Wilson, Dem., 183,388; Hughes, Rep., 1,540; Reynolds, Soc. Lab., 1,009.

In 1852 Washington was organized as a separate territory and in 1872 the last dispute over its northern boundary line, known as the "fifty-four-forty or fight" controversy, which started back in 1859 (precipitatod by the death of a British pig in the potato patch of an American settler on the island of San Juan), was amicably decided in favor of Uncle Sam through the arbitration of the German emperor.

During the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries the region was explored by Capt. Robert Gray, Capt. George Vancouver, Lewis and Clark, and others. Its settlement by the whites dates from 1811, when David Thompson established for the North West Fur Company a post on the Spokane River near the present city of Spokane,

and members of Astor's fur company built a post on the Okanogan River; seven years later Fort Walla Walla was erected on the present site of Wallula.

On November 11, 1889, Washington, the northwest corner of the Union, named after its first president, was admitted to statehood and Elisha P. Ferry was elected the first governor.

The voters of Seattle (March 8, 1938) elected Arthur B. Langlie Mayor over Lieut. Gov. Victor A. Myers. Langlie ran as the "good-government" candidate and Mr. Myers was backed by the Committee for Industrial Organization. All the left wing nominees went down to crushing defeat in the election and proposals for the expenditure of additional public funds were rejected overwhelmingly. Seattle newspapers hailed the election as a triumph for the better element in the city and said that the result meant an end of the factional strife for control of the city government and would re-establish government for all the people of the city.

Gingko Petrified Forest in Washington Gardens of the bygone, set with colossal trees, Lakes district of this country, plus many Asiatic lost their tropic verdure in the onrush of lava, and semi-tropical varieties. leaving only the skeletons of those giant trees,

The Gingko for which the forest is named, is an imbedded in crumbling lava rock and soil in the Oriental tree, a silver apricot, growing until the

last century only in the sacred gardens of China. hills near the Columbia River.

It is now used in Japan and in this country for Some ten to thirty million years ago those mam- ornamental purposes. The only known specimens moth trees were swept along in a Columbia Basin of petrified Gingko are found in this forest, 28 lava flow, stilling them in Its molten mass. Ten miles east of Ellensburg on the main highway near additional flows of lava, laid upon the skeleton of the Vantage bridge over the Columbia River. that ancient forest, have since been eroded away About 100 logs have been uncovered here. Besides by wind, rain, and river action. Now close to the

the Gingko, there are three- and four-foot Dougsurface are marvelous opal logs, showing the exact las firs. Maple has been found three feet through, structure of the wood, rings and grain, cast in a and among the spruce and three kinds of elm are medium more beautiful than agate.

logs nearly two feet in diameter. Others unearthed The climate in which this far-distant garden include bay, locust, oak, sweet çum, birch, and flourished must have been similar to the present blue beach.' Foot mass,_solidified into hard red Inland Empire's temperature, but damp, because stone, is found near the Douglas fir in some cases. the Cascades had not yet been thrown up to catch Half a dozen specimens of hardwoods have not the Pacific rain-clouds with their spurs. As a result been identified with any present-day species the trees were of a type found now in the Great with any known extinct species.

West Virginia

(Presidential vote, 1940, 1936)

1940
1936

1940

1936 Counties Roos., Willkie, Roos., Landon, Counties Roos., Willkie, Roos., Landon.

Dem.
Rep. Dem. Rep.

Dem. Rep. Dem. Rep. Barbour...

5,025
4,576 5,284 3,875 Mingo.

11,619 5,776 11,278 6,771 Berkeley.

8,658 6,562 8,336 6,585 Monongalia 12.940 10.367 13,677 8,811 Boone 7.904 4,128 7,697 3,477

Monroe.

3,283 3,043 3,413 3,268 Braxton.. 5,709 4,056 5.667 3,709 Morgan..

1,286 2.563 1.620 2,55Brooke.. 6,416 4,004 5,955 3,485 Nicholas

5,312 4,299 5,872 3.964 Cabell 28,125 21,027 27.319 19.003

Ohio.

21.713 18.073 22,899 13,743 Calboun

2,872 1,891 3,369 1,733 Pendleton.. 2,710 1,977 2,637 1.800 Clay. 3,485 2,881 3,387 2,513 Pleasants..

1,779 1.896 1.907 1,820 Doddridge.. 1,495 3,293 1.716 3,023 Pocahontas. 3,604 2,886 4.118 2.850 Fayette. 22,256 10.307 23.864 8,942 Preston.

4,730 8,213 5,410 7,553 Gilmer.. 3,276 2,067 3,433 1,858

Putnam..

4.888 4.268 4,756 3,938 Grant, 857 3.195 995

2,923 Raleigh.

23,105 11,752 22,840 9.001 Greenbrier.. 10,164 6,451 10.738 5,881 Randolph

8,465

4,196 8,109 3,711 Hampshire. 3,277 1,751 3,792 1,512 Ritchie.

2,439 4,982 2,825 4.639 Hancock.

8.515

4.997
7,756 3,957
Roane.

5,158 5,3171 5.047 5.282 Hardy 2,690 1,674 2.956 1,581 Summers.

5,441 3.6445,779 3,521 Harrison, 22,570 17,087 24,361

14,180 Taylor.

4,968 4,841 5.795 4,061 Jackson. 3,299 5,104 3,453 4,711 Tucker.

3,332 2,654 3.801 2,335 Jefferson. 5,297 2,332 5,443 2,040

Tyler.

2,026 4,354 2,509 4,031 Kanawha.. 57,932

40,11350,801
35,387 Upsbur

2,862

6,086 3.163 5,745 Lewis. 4,566 5,935 5,531 5,499

Wayne..

9,626 5,701 8,954 5,603 Lincoln. 5.228 4,818 5,370

4,382 Webster.

4,579 2,067 4,613 1,987 Logan. 17,010 9,860 18,424

7,069 Wetzel.

5,590 4,443 6,463 3.770 Marion 21.035 13,349 20,859 11,403 Wirt..

1.554 1,818 1.783 1,612 Marshall 8,900 9,324 9,198 7,967 Wood..

15,962 15,005 16.829 12.574 Mason

4,521 6.239 4.952 5.894 Wyoming.. 7,802 4,378 6.734 3,601 McDowell.. 24,449 13,906 25.471 9.975 Mercer... 18,163 11,395 18,391

10,762
Totals...

495,662 372,414 502,582 325,358 Mineral.... 5,195 5,133 5.333

4,486 1940 (U. S, Senator)-Kilgore, Dem., 492,413; Sweeney, Rep., 381,806. 1940 (Governor)---Neely, Dem., 496,028; Dawson, Rep., 383,698. 1936 (President)-Thomas, Soc., 832; Colvin., Proh., 1.173.

1936 (U. S. Senator)--Neely, Dem., 488,720; Schott, Rep., 338,363; MacDonald, Proh., 1.005; Snider, Soc., 935.

PAST VOTE OF WEST VIRGINIA 1872 (Pres.), Greeley, Dem. and Lib., 29,533; Rep., 132,628; Swallow. Proh., 4,604; Debs, Grant, Rep., 32,323.

Soc., 1,574. 1876 (Pres.), Tilden, Dem., 55,684; Hayes, Rep.,

1908

(Pres.), Bryan, Dem., 111,418: Taft, Rep.. 41,392.

137,869; Chafin, Proh., 5,139; Debs, Soc., 3,679. 1880 (Pres.), Hancock, Dem., 57,391; Garfield,

1912 (Pres.), Wilson, Dem., 113,046: Taft, Rep.. Rep., 46,243; Weaver, Greenback, 9,079.

56,667; Roosevelt, Prog., 78,977; Debs, Soc.. 1884 (Pres.), Cleveland, Dem., 67,331; Blaine,

15,336. Rep., 63.913; St. John, Proh., 939; Butler,

1916 (Pres.), Wilson, Dem., 140,403; Hughes, Rep.. Greenback, 810.

143,124; Hanly. Proh., 175: Benson, Soc., 6,150. 1888 (Pres.), Cleveland. Dem., 78,677; Harrison, Rep., 78,171; Fisk, Proh., 1,085; Streeter, United 1920. Pres.), Cox, Dem., 220,789; Harding, Rep..

282,007; Watkins, Proh., 1,528; Debs, Soc., 5,618. Labor, 1,508. 1892 (Pres.), Cleveland, Dem., 84,467; Harrison, 1924 (Pres.), Coolidge, Rep., 288,635; Davis, Dem..

Rep., 80,293; Weaver, People's, 4.166; Bidwell, 257,232; LaFollette, Progs., 36,723; Nations. Proh., 2.145.

Amer., 1,072. 1896 (Pres.), Bryan, Dem. and People's (Populist). 1928 (Pres.), Hoover, Rep., 375,551; Smith, Dem.;

94,488; Palmer, Nat'l (Gold) Dem., 678; McKinley, 263, 748; Thomas, Soc. 1,313; Varney, Proh., Rep., 105,379; Levering, Proh., 1.223.

1703: Foster, Com.. 401. 1900 (Pres.). Bryan, Dem., 98.807: McKinley, Rep., 1932 (Pres.), Roosevelt, Dem., 405,124; Hoover,

119,829; Wooley, Proh., 1,692; Debs, Soc.. 219. Rep., 330, 731; Thomas, Soc., 5,133; Upshaw. 1904 (Pres), Parker, Dem., 100,881; Roosevelt, Proh., 2.342; Foster, Com., 444.

In 1669-70 Governor Norborne Berkeley, of Vir- several contemporaries and by 1735 settlers were ginia, who was heavily interested in the fur trade, along the South Fork of the Potomac. All of this sent John Lederer on three expeditions westward region was a part of the land embraced in the

"Northern Neck" grant to Lord Fairfax, whose of the mountains. He claimed to have seen the

surveyors in 1746 planted the celebrated Fairfax mountains that now form the boundary between

stone at the head of the North Branch of the Virginia and West Virginia. Major-General Wood.

Potomac to mark the western limits. in 1670, was commissioned "for the finding out the

In 1768, following the retreat of the French from ebbing and flowing of the waters on the other side the Ohio regions, the Six Nations sold the land to of the mountains." In this quest Captain Thomas the English. Other Indian tribes claimed the Baits and four men discovered the New River and country, but within historic times no Indians ocpenetrated as far as the falls of the Great Kanawha cupied West Virginia. Numerous evidences of preby September 16, 1671. Gabriel Arthur subsequently vious occupancy of the Indians and of the Mound penetrated to the Indian village of Moneton along Builders, an earlier race, are to be found all over the lower Great Kanawha valley.

the State, but more especially along the Ohio In 1716. Governor Spottswood led a party of River. The encroachment of the whites, and the thirty cavaliers, who may have penetrated to the settlement of this region, led to conflicts that region of Pendleton County. Out of this expedition lasted many years. Dunmore's War, in 1774, was grew the "Knights of the Golden Horseshoe." By marked by the battle of Point Pleasant, October 10, 1725, John Van Meter, from New York, is found between troops under General Andrew Lewis, and exploring the valley of the South Branch of the Indians under Chie Cornsta This was really the Potomac. His accounts carried to the east led to an forerunner of the Revolution. influx of settlers who mingled with others from With the opening of the American Revolution, Pennsylvania. In 1726. Morgan Morgan erected troops from along the Potomac were among the his home on the site of Bunker Hill. Berkeley first to reach Washington at Boston. A considerCounty, and became the first recorded settler in able number of citizens from western Virginia present West Virginia. The next year a settlement were in all major engagements from Boston to sprang up at the Packhorse Ford, now Shepherds- Yorktown. Others followed George Rogers Clark town. By 1730 there were settlers in the lower in his conquest of the west from the British and Potomac Valley. In 1732 Joist Hite came with Indian allies.

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