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1938 Sept. 5. In Santiago, Chile, more than 60, 1938 Lima, Peru, It closed on Dec. 27. persons were killed and many wounded in

Sir Anthony Eden, British ex-Minister of & National Socialist uprising of students

Foreign Affairs, in a broadcast address in and others, who seized the university and

N. Y, City, told Americans that the democbarricaded themselves, also in the Workers

racies shared common purposes and perils. Insurance Building, opposite the Presi

Dec. 14. The Italian Parliament dissolved, to dential Palace.

be succeeded by the Chamber of Fasces and Sept. 21. High winds and consequent floods

sweeping the Atlantic coast of New York,

Dec. 15.
Connecticut, Rhode Island and Massachu-

The Insurgent (Franco) Governsetts, thence going north, Overland. killed

ment in Spain restored citizenship and 453 persons and left 100 more missing:

property to ex-King Alfonso. known dead, as estimated by the Red Cross,

Dec. 16. F. Donald Coster, head of the MCincluded 231 in Rhode Island, 87 in Massa

Kesson & Robbins, wholesale drug concern, chusetts, 72 in Connecticut and 54 in New

who had been identified as Philip Musica, York, mostly on the South Shore of Long

an ex-convict, shot himself to death in his Island; 9.000 dwellings were destroyed,

home, Fairfield, Conn. 50,000 damaged; 100,000 persons were made

Dec. 26. In Spain, the Insurgents captured homeless; loss, $500,000,000.

the town of Borjas Blancas; on the 27th Oct. 1. German troops, under the command

they took Alos de Balaguer; on the 31st of Colonel-General von Leeb, at 2 P.M.

they shelled Madrid, killing 44 persons. crossed the German-Czechoslovak frontier

In China, the Japanese invaded South Shansi in the Bohemian Forest between Heifenberg

Province. and Finsterau in accordance with the terms

1939 Jan. 7. Thomas J. Mooney was pardoned by of the agreement covering Sector Number

the Governor of California. He was serving 1. The outgoing Czech troops kept about

a life sentence, consequent on the dynamit114 miles ahead of the advancing German

ing, July 22, 1916, of the San Francisco soldiers. The whole ceded area was occupied,

Preparedness Day parade; Warren Billings, successively, to Oct. 10. The arrangements

a life-termer in the same case, was set free followed conferences between Hitler and

on Oct. 17 by Gov. Olson, his sentence hayChamberlain and agreements reached by

in been commuted. Daladier and Mussolini; marked also by

Jan, 23. The Chaco Peace Conference adcable appeals from President Roosevelt,

journed permanently. Its first meeting was done to preserve the peace of Europe.'

in Buenos Aires on July 1, 1935. The Treaty President Eduard Benes resigned Oct. 5.

as to boundaries was made on July 21, 1938, In Czechoslovakia, as in Austria and Italy

the arbitral award, Oct. 10, 1938; the Bodecrees against the Jews (anti-Jewish de

livia-Paraguay Pact for withdrawal of milicrees) resulted in thousands of fugitives.

tary forces, Dec. 28, 1938. Oct. 3. Mexico, in appropriating lands of

Jan. 24. Earthquakes in central Chile caused foreigners for peasant agriculture, included

great destruction in Chillan and Concep

tion, and 17,980 acres belonging to W. R. Hearst in

their vicinities, killing Over the State of Chihuahua.

25.000 persons, and destroying $50,000,000 Oct. 21. Japanese troops marched into Canton.

of property. China; they occupied Hankow, Oct. 26.

Jan. 26. The Loyalist Spanish government Nov. 2. The German Italian arbitrators (For

surrendered Barcelona to the Insurgents; eign Ministers Joachim von Ribbentrop and

President Manuel Azana left the country, Galeazzo Ciano), in Vienna, awarded to

Feb. 1; Madrid surrendered, March 28, on Hungary about 4,000 square miles of Czecho

March 29 the last 9 of the 52 provincial slovak territory lying along the northern

capitals in Spain surrendered to or were Hungarian border from Rumania to Ger

seized by Insurgent troops-Valencia, Almany. The award covers areas populated

meria, Marcia, Ciudad Real, Jaen Cuinca,

Guadalajara, Slicante and Albacete. On by Hungarians and contains 860,000 per

the occupation of the last named, the Nasons. With the new cessions to Poland agreed on between Prague and Warsaw,

tionalists officially announced "The war has the partition of Czechoslovakia has been

ended. Total victory is Franco's." completed. The Hungarians marched in,

Jan. 30. Martin T. Manton, of New York, a Nov. 5; the Polish troops completed occu

U. S. Circuit judge, resigned.

Feb. 10. Pope Pius XI (81) died, and was pation Nov. 27. Noy, 7. Ernst vom Rath, third secretary of

succeeded, March 2. by Eugenio Cardinal

Pacelli. Papal Secretary of State, who bethe German Embassy in Paris, was shot to

came Pius XII. He was crowned March 12. death there by Herschel Grynszpan, 17. a Feb. 10. In China, the Japanese occupied the German-born Polish emigrant of Jewish

island of Hainan, off French Indo-China: extraction, who gave as his excuse Nazi

Feb. 29. Foreign Minister Tchen Loh was persecution of the Jews. Anti-Jewish riots

assassinated in Shanghai; March 27, Japabroke out in Berlin when news of vom Rath's death was announced.

nese flag raised over Nanchang: March 31,

Japan annexed Spratly Islands; June 21, Nov. 12. The German government decreed a

Swatow occupied; Aug. 6. Japanese air raids fine of a billion marks on Jews, to aid

are extending, with troop concentrations in the poor among those who have suffered

Hupeh and Swangsi provinces. losses in the outbreaks against them, their Feb. 18. The Golden Gate International Exproperty and their businesses.

position opened, at San Francisco; closed Nov. 17. A 3-year reciprocal trade agreement

on Oct. 29 (in effect as of Jan. 1, 1939) between the Feb. 27. In Palestine, at Haifa and elseUnited States and Great Britain, Canada,

where, terrorists killed over 40 Arabs. Newfoundland and the British Colonial March 2. Fire in the Queen Hotel, Halifax, Empire, was signed in the White House,

N. S., killed 35 persons.
Washington, by U. S. Secretary of State

March 14. The Republic of Czecho-Slovakia
Hull, Sir Ronald Lindsay, British Ambas-

was dissolved: on March 14 Hungarian sador, and Prime Minister W. L. King, for

troops seized Carpatho-Ukraine; on March the Dominion of Canada.

15 German troops began occupancy of Czech Nov. 30. The one-day general strike against

Bohemia and Moravia, which became a the 40-hour week in France was crimped

German protectorate on March 16. by government decrees nationalizing arma- March 22. Chancellor Hitler and his troops ment industries, and by use of the army

entered the port of Memel and it was anand navy in place of strikers.

nexed to the German Reich, Lithuania, In Rumania, Corneliu Z. Codreanu and 13

March 30, formally agreed. other Iron Guard (Fascist) members were April 7. Italian troops invaded Albania, King shot to death by guards who were conveying

Zog fled, and a provisional regime was set them to the military prison near Bucharest.

up by Premier Mussolini of Rome; the AlIt was alleged an attempt had been made

banian crown passed to King Victor Emto rescue the prisoners. Codreanu was

manuel serving a 10-yr. sentence or revolt


April 18. The steamship, Paris, was ruined spiracy. The rest were convicted of political

by nre, at Havre, murders.

April 27 The British House of Commons Dec. 4. The last trains ran on the 6th Ave.

authorized compulsory military training "L", N. Y. City. The road had been in

(conscription). operation about 60 years.

April 30. The New York World's Fair - Dec. 6. France and Germany signed a pact for

opened, on the Flushing Meadows; closed "pacific and good neighborly relations,

Oct. 31; reopened May 11, 1940; closed Oct. 21. Dec. 9. The 8th International (Pan-American) May 3. The Soviet Government announced Conference of American States opened in

that Maxim Maximovitch Litvinov, 69,


1939 Commissar for Foreign Affairs, since 1929,

had retired at his own request and had
been succeeded by Vyacheslav M, Molotov,
49, President of the Council of People's

May 7. An open military as well as a political

alliance between Germany and Italy was
announced in Berlin and Rome; on May 22,
in Berlin, Germany and Italy signed, in the
presence of. Chancellor Hitler, a 10-year
military pact, article III of which says:
"It contrary to the wishes and hopes of
the contracting parties it should happen
that either of them should become involved
in military entanglements with one other
power or with other powers, the other con-
tracting party will immediately rally to his
side as ally and support him with all his

military resources on land, at sea, and in the May 11. In Chicago, an elevator fire de

stroyed several lives and 4,100,000 bushes of

grain. May 11, Fighting began between Japanese

(Manchukuo) and Mongol (Soviet) troops on the border southeast of Lake Bor. This frontier fight lasted for six months and cost over 20,000 lives before the border agreement was reached. May 17. The Canada-United States tour of

King George and Queen Elizabeth began when the Royal party landed in Quebec from the steamship, Empress of Australia. They went to the west coast and back, they entered the United States at Niagara Falls, June 7, visited the Roosevelts in Washington, June 8-9; saw New York City and the World's Fair June 10; were lodged by the Roosevelts at Hyde Park, June 10-11; returned to Canada by Rouse's Point, continued by train to New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland, and got back to London, June 22. May 22. Thomas J. Pendergast, 67, a Demo

cratic leader, pleaded guilty, in the U. S. Court, Kansas City, Mo., to income tax evasion, and was sentenced to 1 year 3 months in prison and a fine of $10,000. R. E. O'Malley, ex-State Insurance Superintendent, who also pleaded guilty to tax evasion, was sentenced May 27 to a year and

a day in prison. June 1. The Townsend old-age pension bill

was defeated in the U. S. House. 302 to 97. Those in favor of the plan included 40 Democrats, 55 Republicans, 1 Farmer-Laborite,

and 1 Progressive. July 26. The Leeds-Liverpool Canal was

blocked by a terrorist bomb explosion. Aug. 13 A 13-car passenger train from Chi

cago, bound for the West Coast, was wrecked in a canyon of the Humboldt River, west of Elko, Nav.; 24 killed, over 100 hurt. The accident was attributed by the

Interstate Comerce Commission to sabotage, Aug. 15. The United States Government paid

$44,728,300 for the properties of the Tennessee Electric Power Co. The distribution facilities were sold to 35 cities, towns, and electric cooperatives for an added $34,321,

700 In Palestine, bombing and shootings killed

scores in a month in the Jerusalem area. Aug 21. While the British and French mili

tary missions still were in Moscow, the German Government announced that the trade agreement of Aug. 19 between the Reich and Soviet Russia had been followed by an agreement to conclude a mutual nonaggression pact. The pact was put in official form under date of Aug. 23, in Moscow, and was signed there early on Aug. 24. The treaty runs for 10 years, Each country is bound to refrain from any act of force against the other and will not support warlike acts against either by a third

power. Sept. 1. Germany began to send armed troops

across the border into Poland, and into
Pomerania, Silesia and East Prussia. The

City of Danzig joined the Reich.
Sept. 3. Prime Minister Chamberlain an-

nounced in Parliament that a state of war
between Great Britain and Germany had
begun at 11 AM (6 A.M. New York time).
Australia and New Zealand followed suit.
France also declared a state of war. Can-
ada did likewise. In a radio proclama-
tion to the world. Prime Minister Chamber-
lain stated that the reasonable proposals

1939 which Chancellor Hitler had broadcast on

Aug. 31 were never shown to the Poles or to
Britain or France. Hitler, he declared, can
be stopped only by force." The state of
war" had come to pass, he asserted, because
Germany had refused a British ultimatum
delivered to Berlin two hours earlier de-
manding recall of German soldiers from
Polish territory. Cracow was captured on
Sept. 6; Gdynia, Sept. 14; Russia invaded
Poland, Sept. 16; Warsaw was taken by the

Germans, Sept. 27.
Sept. 22. Several hundred persons were killed,

1.000 buildings were ruined and 5,000 were
left homeless by earthquakes in the region

of Smyrna, Turkey. Oct. 5. The military court (court martial) on

Governors Island that had been trying Grover C. Bergdoll, Philadelphia World War draft dodger, found him guilty of escape and desertion and fixed his sentence at three years in prison at hard labor, in addition to the 5-year term he is working

out. Oct. 6 Chancellor Hitler told the Reichstag

there was no longer any real excuse for a prolongation of the war to the destruction of more lives and property. He announced Germany's wish for peace and readiness to take part in a conference to draft and guarantee a statute to that end. He closed by saying: "and let those who consider war to be the better solution reject my outstretched hand." On Sept. 7 the first British troops arrived in France. Again, on Oct 10. Hitler said in the Reichstag: "I have given expression to our readiness for peace. Germany has no cause for war against the Western powers. They have recklessly provoked a war on the flimsiest grounds. If they reject our readiness for peace then Germany is determined to take up the battle

and fight it out this way or that." Nov. 8. The Centennial Fair opened, Wel

lington, New Zealand. Nov. 16. Al Capone, who had served more

than 7 years for federal income tax evasion, was formally released from prison by the United States Department of Justice, and went into a hospital in Baltimore for

treatment. Nov. 23 New York and 24 other States ob

served Thanksgiving Day, as per the Proclamation of President Roosevelt which set it a week ahead of the usual date. In Boston, Governor L. O. Barrows, of Maine, waved aside the bird he was to carve at the Maine banquet of the annual New England conference, drew a can of sardines from his

pocket and ate them for dinner." Nov. 29. In General Sessions Court, N. Y.

City, & jury convicted Fritz Kuhn, 42, leader of the German American Bund, of grand larceny and forgery. It was alleged he had taken $717 from the Bund to ship across the country furniture of Mrs. Florence Camp. It was also alleged that he had committed larceny and forgery in listing on the bund's book the sum of $500 as having been paid to J. D. C. Murray for legal services Kuhn was sentenced to 212 to 5

years in Sing Sing Nov. 30. Russia invaded Finland. Dec. 11. The U. S. Supreme Court outlawed

wire-tapping evidence. Explosions in a cellulose plant near Brachto

in Transylvania, killed 50 persons. Dec. 17. The German battleship, Graf Spee.

was blown up by her officers just after leav-
ing Montevideo, Uruguay: 2 days later the
crew of the 32,581 German passenger line.
Columbus, scuttled her 450 miles east of

Cape May. N. J.
Dec. 20. Louis (Lepke) Buchalter, convicted

in the U. S. Court, N. Y. City, of conspiracy
to violate the narcotic laws, WAS fined
$2,500 and was sentenced to 14 years in

prison followed by 10 years probation. Dec. 22. Two train collisions killed 223 per

sons in Germany. Dec. 24. The Pope made public 5-point pro

gram for lasting peace. Dec. 27. Earthquakes and floods in northern

Anatolia, Turkey. in the Black Sea region, destroyed 50,000 lives, 100,000 homes, and much live stock. Dec. 28. Pius XII returned the visit of King

Victor Emmanuel to the Vatican It was the first Papal appearance in the Quirinal in n ore than 70 years.

1940 Jan. 14. In N. Y. City the Federal Bureau

of Investigation arrested 17 members of the
Christian Front, on charges of plotting to
overthrow the Government. The cases came

to naught in the court.
Jan. 27. The Spanish Government restored to

the Jesuits their property, confiscated by
the Republic in 1932 when they were ex-

Feb. 5. At Chungking. Gen. Chiang Kai-
shek's National Government named Lingerh
Lamutanchu, 6. discovered last year at
Chinghai and recently taken at Lhasa, Tibet,
the 14th Dalai Lama Called "Ehrling'', or
"divine child," he was selected by Tibetan
lamas as possessing all the attributes of re-
incarnation of the 13th Dalai Lama. He
was born at the moment his predecessor died

and he was enthroned on Feb. 22. Feb. 24. The Spanish Government banned

Freemasonry and limted the activity of se

cret societies.
March 11. In Brooklyn, in the County Court,

a jury found Ernest Walter Kehler, 24, a
boxer known as Ernie Haas, guilty of man-
slaughter in the first degree after his coun-
sel admitted that the accused man had
killed Dr. Walter R. Engelberg, German
consulate secretary. Haas was sentenced

later to 10 to 20 years in prison.
March 13. In London, Sir Michael O'Dwyer.

75, was assassinated at a joint meeting in
Caxton Hall of the East India Association
and the Royal Central Asian Society.

killer, Mohowed Singh Azad wounded the
Marquess of Zetland, Secretary of State for
India, and Lord Lamington and Sir Louis
Dane, former Indian administrators. O'Dwyer
was Lieut. Gov. of the Punjab when the
Amrisan outbreak occurred in 1919 and
British troops killed over 400 natives and

wounded 1,200.
March 30. The Japanese-supported govern-

ment of the conquered area in China was
inaugurated at Nanking, under Wang Ching-
wel, with jurisdiction in the Provinces of

Hopel, Shansi and Shantung.
April 2. Taking of the 1940 United States

Census was begun throughout the country.
April 12. David L. Lawrence, Chairman of the
Pennsylvania Democratic State Committee,
and seven other executives of that party.
were acquitted, in Harrisburg, of charges
that they conspired to force political contri-
butions from State employes during the
Earle administration. The jury was made

up entirely of Republicans.
April 15. In the Valley of the River Plata, in
Argentina and Uruguay. 50.000 persons were
made homeless and a score were killed when
an 80-mile-an-hour freezing gale from the
south piled the shallow waters of the Plata

up on to the Argentine shore.
April 19. The Lake Shore Limited of the N. Y.

Central westbound for Chicago, was wrecked
at 11:33 P.M. on the Gulf Curve at Little
Falls, N. Y. The engineer and the fireman
were killed when the locomotive jumped the
track. Those killed in the wreck numbered
28. and several of the injured died in hos-

April 23. Fire and panic in a vine-sheathed
dance hall in Natchez, Miss., killed 198 Ne-
groes and several more died in hospitals.
The building formerly was a church The
only door was in the front. The windows

had been boarded up.
Fire in the City Hall, Sandona, Colombia,
killed 103 persons (67 were children) at a
service in commemoration of Gen. Santan-

der who died 100 years ago.
The U. S. Senate, 45 to 36, passed the bill ter-
minating the authority of the President un-
der the Silver Purchase Act of 1934 to buy

foreign silver.
May 13. Queen Wilhelmina and her daughter

fied from the Hague to London; on May 14
Gen. Winkelman, Commander in Chief of
the Netherlands armies, in a radio procla-
mation from Amsterdam, directed his troops
to tay down their arms in the key defense
belt around Rotterdam and Utrecht. This
capitulation covered all of the Netherlands
except the Zeeland Peninsula, north of the
Belgian coast. It was later stated at The
Hague that the final casualty list of the
Dutch Army was 2.890 killed, 6.889 wounded
and 29 missing. The capitulation was signed

on May 15.
May 15. At the United States Navy Yard, Kit-

1940 tery, Me., while four survivors of the Squa

lus disaster stood at attention on deck, the submarine was recommissioned as the Sall

fish. May 17. German armored forces in Belgium

conquered Brussels, and, after bitter fighting they took Louvain and Malines. The Belgium government was shifted to Ostend. on the Channel Coast. Through breaks in the Maginot line in Northern France the invaders reached the vicinity of Avesnes and

Vervins. President Roosevelt pardoned and restored all civil rights to Dr. Frederick A. Cook, Polar explorer, who, in 1923, was fined $12,000 and costs and was sentenced to 14 years 9 months in a Federal prison. He had been convicted in Texas of using the mails to defraud. He was released on parole in 1930 and was discharged from parole in 1935. The pardon was read to Dr, Cook in a hospital in Port Chester, N. Y., where he was suffering from an apoplectic stroke. May 18. In France, the Germans, using over

2,000 tanks, pressed east and south to Landricies and the Guise. They reached the Aisne River They occupied Antwerp, in Belgium, and hoisted the Reich's flag over the Town Hall. Premier Reynaut reshuffled the French Cabinet, bringing in as Vice Premier and technical adviser on military operations Marshal Henri Philippe Petain the man who stopped the Germans at Verdun in the World War. Marshal Petain, 84, arrived in Paris by plane from Spain, where he had been Ambassador. Reynaud took over the War Ministry, replacing Edouard

Daladier. who became Foreign Minister. May 23. In Chile, earthquakes at Callao,

Lima and Chorrillos killed 350 persons, in-
jured 5.000 and destroyed many buildings.

The temblors continued several days.
An armed posse disguised as policemen broke

into the house, in Mexico City, of Leon
Trotsky. exlled Communist Russian War
Minister under Lenin and fired through the
locked doors of his bedroom. He and his
wife escaped death by lying on the floor.
The assassins kidnapped a guard, Robert S.
Harte of N. Y. City, and fled in automobiles.
The body of Harte was found on June 24,
buried under the floor of & farinhouse

kitchen about 20 miles from Mexico City. May 28. The King of the Belgians surren

dered to the Germans his army of 500,000 soldierswho had been fighting alongside the Allies in the pocket" in Flanders into which they had been penned by Chancellor Hitler's forces. The capitulation, which was unconditional, went into effect at 3 A.M., May 28. For two days the Allied leaders and the Belgian Cabinet had known of Leopold's decision and they had argued with him in vain. He told them his troops, who were under his personal command, were in desperate straits, subsisting on meager rations of hard biscuits for days; in many instances they had been entirely without ammunition: they had borne the brunt of the fighting, with the heaviest ratio of losses, and they could not hold out any longer unless "substantial new assistance

was received from the British and French, May 29. The British forces in Flanders, to. gether with some of the French and some of the Belgians, all of whom had been squeezed by the Germans into a pocket which hourly became smaller, began to retreat to the channel at Dunkerque, after having been split in two, once more, by their opponents who had joined together near Lille, south of

the Belgian border. June 14. The Germans entered Paris, unopposed, all French troops having been withdrawn. Led by tanks, followed by motorized divisions and then by infantry, the Reich Army marched along the Champs Elysees. Many shops were closed and shuttered. The French Government moved from Tours

to Bordeaux, Spanish troops took control of Tangier, in

North Africa, opposite the Straits of Gibraltar, with consent of France. Britain and Italy, which was given. Germany said, after the move was made. The United States announced it would insist on its extra-territo

rial rights in Tangier under its 1906 treaty. June 15 Berlin reported that the Maginot Line had been wholly cut off by a German troops

column that penetrated to the French-Swiss border, so that no continuous 1940

1940 French front was presented to attacks. The

Germans completed occupation of Verdun; they also took Dijon, Metz, Dieuze and Sarrebourg, Their bombing of Rennes killed

4.500 persons,
The ex-Cunard cruise vessel, Lancastria, car-
rying over 5.000 British troops back to Eng-
land from France, was sunk by German tor-
pedoes with loss of 2,500 lives, off St.

Soviet Russia began military occupation and

political reorganization of Latvia, Estonia
and Lithuania. It was charged that the
three nations had violated their mutual as-
sistance pacts with the Soviet Government

by making a secret pact among themselves. June 21. Negotiations for peace between

France and Germany were begun in Compiegne Forest. The Maginot Line was turned over to the German forces under the terms of the armistice, France broke off diplomatic relations with Britain on July 5 and on July 9 the Parliament at Vichy voted

itself out of existence. June 29. President Roosevelt signed a bill of

Congress requiring all aliens in the U. S.

to submit to registration and fingerprinting. July 9. The Duke of Windsor was appointed

Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the Bahama Islands. His post as liaison officer between the French and British in France ended with the collapse of France. He and the Duchess escaped first to Spain and then

to Portugal. July 17. The Democratic National Conven

tion, in Chicago, renominated President

Roosevelt for a third term.
July 30. Earthquakes in the central plateau of

Anatolia shook down 14 villages, killing

more than 1,000 persons. July 31. A steel gasoline motor passenger car

and a 2-engine 73-car freight train collided head-on near Akron, Ohio, on the Penn

sylvania Railroad; 43 persons were killed. Aug. 17. The Duke of Windsor became Gov.

Gen. of the Bahamas
Aug. 20. Leon Trotsky (Leba Bronstein), 63,
exiled Russian ex-War Minister, was beaten
on the head, in his gun-guarded villa on the
outskirts of Mexico City. His skull was
broken and he died Aug. 21. His assailant
who had been known as Frank Jackson told
the police his name was Jaegues Mornard
van den Dreschd, 36, a journalist, born in
Teheran, Persia_(Iran) of Belgian parents.
The body of Trotsky was cremated on

Aug. 27.
Aug. 31. Crash near Lovettsville, Va., of an

airplane bound from Washington for Pitts-
burgh in a thunderstorm, killed U. S.
Senator Ernest Lundeen, 62, of Minnesota,
20 other passengers, and the crew of
four, including Margaret Carson, hostess.
and seven other women. The plane, a
Pennsylvania Central Air liner, was pro-
ceeding with the rain falling heavily and a

thick fog obscuring visibility. Sept. 11. The Norwegian Parliament in Oslo declared King Haakon no longer able to function, but decided to postpone until after the war the question of whether he would be allowed to return to his country. By the decision the Norwegian Government In London, where King Haakon also took refuge after his country was occupied by the German Army, is considered to have resigned

and a new government is named. Sept. 22. Japanese troops from their Canton army attacked Dong Dang on the French Indo-China border. 120 miles north of Hanoi. The next day they attacked French troops at Langson in French Indo-China, with artillery and bombing planes. Meantime an agreement had been reached at Hanoi, 82 miles distant, allowing limited"

Japanese forces to enter the country. Sept. 27. Germany, Italy and Japan signed in Berlin a 10-year pact to assist one another with all political, economic and military means when one of the three contract. ing powers is attacked by a power at present not involved in the European war or in

the Chinese-Japanese conflict." Oct. 3. In London, ex-Prime Minister Neville

Chamberlain resigned as Lord President of the Council. In the Cabinet shakeup that followed, Prime Minister Winston Churchill enlarged the so-called Inner War Cabinet to eight Members, three of whom are now Members of the Labor Party. Chamberlain

quit the next day as leader of the Conser.

verative Party. Oct. 8. The New York State Court of Appeals

sustained the conviction on lottery charges (Feb. 25, 1939) of James J. Hines, a former Tammany district leader, A conspiracy charge--a misdemeanor--was dismissed, but all 12 felony counts, on which Hines was sentenced, to 4 to 8 years, were afrmed. He

entered Sing Sing prison Oct. 14. Oct. 21. The New York World's Fair came to

its end. Oct. 27. Greece was invaded by Italian war

planes, across the Albanian border and were reported over Athens. Greece rejected a three-hour ultimatum from Italy and rallied her forces. Premier Metaxas and King

George urged the nation to independence. Oct. 29. The first United States peacetime

compulsory military service was inaugurated when Secretary of War Stimson, blindfolded. drew from a glass bowl, in the War Department Auditorium in Washington, the number 158 first of 16,313,240 cards for young men who had registered under the Selective Service and Training

Act. NOY. 4. A United Air Lines plane with ten

persons aboard, bound from San Francisco for New York, crashed into Bountiful Peak of the Wasatch Range, at an elevation of 7,000 ft., in a snowstorm 13 miles north

east of Salt Lake City. Nov. 5. Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected for

a third term as President of the United States. No other holder of that office ever was chosen for more than two of the con

stitutional 4-year periods. Nov. 7. Built last July, the concrete roadway of the $6,400,000 suspension bridge over the Narrows at Tacoma, Wash,, was broken to pieces by a 42-mile-an-hour wind and fell 190 feet into Puget Sound, carrying with it part of the centre 2,800-foot span with its web-girdered stiffening trusses. Two trucks and an auto went down with the span, but the four occupants escaped by crawling

up to the towers. Nov. 10. In Rumania, an arthquake, with its

center in the Province of Moldavia, killed 388 persons and damaged many buildings in the city of Bucharest. Hundreds were made

homeless in the central area of the country. Nov. 15. The $58,000,000 Manhattan-Queens

Midtown Vehicular tunnel, N. Y. City. was opened to traffic. It provides a route be

tween the central shopping districts of Man.hattan to the Midtown Highway in Long Island City and the connecting highway be

tween Queens and Brooklyn. Nov. 16. In New York City, the Communist

party of the United States voted to dissolve all affiliation with the Communist Interna

tional and all other foreign organizations. Nov. 18. John L. Lewis resigned the presi

dency of the Congress of Industrial Organi

zations (C. I. O.) which he founded in 1935. Nov. 20. Hungary joined the Axis; Rumania

went in on Nov. 23; Slovakia on Nov. 24. Nov. 27. In the military prison at Jihlava,

Rumania, 64 former officials of exiled King Carol were shot to death by members of the Iron Guard, in revenge for the assassination, in November, 1938, of the Iron Guard founder, Cornelius Zelea Codreanu, and 13 of his followers. Among the 64 killed were ex-Premier Gen, George Argeseanu: Nicholas Steranescu, head of the Surete Generale and army intelligence under Carol: Michael Morusoy, one-time head of Carol's secret police; Victor Iamandi, Minister of Justice at the time Codreanu was sentenced to prison; General Ion Bengliu, former chief of gendarmerie: Colonels Vasile Zeclu and Dinulescue, who commanded the squad that executed Codreanu: and Gabriel Marinescu. ex-president of the Bucharest police. ExPremier Nicholas and Virgil Madgearu were slain elsewhere. There were other killings,

some estimates being as high as 2,000. Nov. 30. Lorraine was annexed to the Reich. Dec. 14. Pierre Laval was dismissed by Mar

shal Petain as Vice Premier. At the close of 1940 the war was still in full

progress, with air raids in Europe and Africa, and submarine attacks on ships and ports of all belligerents. (For later dates see War Chronology, also General Chronology, in this Almanac.)

Memorable Dates in the United States Southwest

Source: United States Department of the Interior 1532-33--Traditional date when Europeans first | 1607–Onate resigned his commission as Governor

beheld the White Sands of Alamogordo, part of of New Mexico. which now are perpetually protected as White 1610—(Traditional-exact date not known) Pedro Sands National Monument, New Mexico.


de Peralto, successor to Onate, founded Sante Spaniard, Cabezade Vaca, and his slave, Esteban, Fe, New Mexico. and two other Spaniards were the Europeans in 1680-Outbreak of Pueblo Rebellion, one of the question.

most serious Indian uprisings ever visited upon 1539--Fray Marcos de Niza, accompanied by Este- the Spaniards in the Southwest.

ban, the slave, reached the present state of 1684Jesuits, under Father Eusebio Kino, valiant Arizona; crossed the mountain into New Mexico, pioneer-priest, explorer, colonizer and first to and beheld from afar one of the Seven Cities of establish cattle ranches in the Southwest, began Cibola--the Zuni village of Hawikuh. Its ruins his life-work among the Indians in Sonora.

still may be seen, some 60 miles south of Gallup. Mexico, and Southern Arizona. 1540—(February 23) Coronado left Compostela, in 1687-Padre Kino founded his first mission in the

the Mexican state of Jaliseo, on his famous North" (Arizona)-"Nuestra Senora de los expedition into our present Southwest.

Dolores”--the headquarters from which during 1541—Coronado spent the winter of 1540 and 1541, the next 24 years he established and administered

with his Conquistadores, in camp at village of his famous chain of missions in the Southwest. Tiguex, near present New Mexican town of Tumacacori National Monument, Arizona, perBernalillo.

petuates his memory. 1582-Snake dance—a religious ceremony-first 1695-Don Diego de Vargas reconquered New

witnessed by a member of the white race, Don Mexico-"at his own expense. Antonio de Espejo, at Acoma Pueblo, New Mexico. 1711-Death of Padre Kino, marking end of an 1598-Onate's expedition, first notable one since important epoch in the colonization and

Coronado's entrada in 1540, entered Southwest. Christianization of the Southwest. 1605—(Traditional date) Onate left his autograph 1752–Tubac, Arizona, established as a military

on Inscription Rock, now part of El Morro, New post, first non-ecclesiastical settlement in Mexico.


Major Train Wrecks in the United States

1876—Dec. 29-Ashtabula, Ohio, 84. 1887-Aug. 10—Chatsworth, Ill., 81. 1888

Oct. 10-Mud Run, Þa., 55. 1904-Aug. 7-Eden, Col., 96. 1906-Mar. 16-Florence, Col., 35.

Dec. 30-Washington, D. C., 53. 1907-Jan. 2-Volland, Kan., 33.

Jan. 19-Fowler, Ind., 29.
Feb. 16-New York City, 22.
Mar. 23-Colton, Calif., 26.
July 20-Salem, Mich., 33.
Sept. 15—Canaan, N, H., 24.
1910-Mar. 1-Wellington, Wash.. 96.

Mar. 21-Green Mountain, Iowa, 55.
1911-Aug. 25 -Canandaigua, N. Y., 27.
1912-July 4 Corning, N Y., 40.
1913-Sept. 2-Wallingford, Conn., 21.

Oct. 19-Bucatunna, Miss., 23.
1914Aug. 5-Tipton Ford, Mo., 40.
1916-Mar. 29-Amherst, Ohio, 28.
1917-Feb. 27-Penn, Pa., 20.

Dec. 20-Louisville, Ky., 41.
1918—June 22-Ivanhoe, Ind., 68.

July 9-Nashville, Tenn., 115.
1919-Jan. 12-South Byron, N. Y., 21.
1921--Feb. 27-Porter, Ind., 37.
1922-Aug 6-Sulphur Springs, Mo., 40.
1923-Sept. 27-Casper, Wyo., 37.
1925-June 17-Hackettstown, N. J., 50,
1926-Dec. 23—Rockmont, Ga., 20.
1938—June 19-Miles City, Mont., 46.
1939-Aug. 13-Carlin, Nev., 24.
1940-April 19–Little Falls, N. Y., 30.
1940—July 31-Cuyahoga Falls, O., 43.

Tornadoes in U. S., Loss of Life, Property Damage

Source: United States Weather Bureau
Total loss Property

of life losses





Total loss

of life

[blocks in formation]

140 508 134 205 498 202 133 109 376 794 144 540

92 274

$2,511,500 | 1930.
15,007,700 1931.
7,631,200 | 1932.
6,861.500 || 1933.
15,205,000 | 1934,
5,406,300 1935.

2,958, 750 1937,
26,120,850 1938
24,023.900 1939

4,318,950 1940 43,445,650 || Total 13,235,600 Average. 10,049,400


94 152 260 147 182 159 148 220 154

126 3,512


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World Fairs-Dates, Attendance


Opened Visitors Асс.

Yr. Opened Visitors Acr
1851 141
6.039,195 26! St. Louis. 1904 187

19,695,855 1,240 New York 1853 475 1,250,000 13 San Francisco. 1915 288

18,871,957 635 Dublin 1853 536 1,150,000 ... San Diego. 1915-6 730

3,747,916 1,400 Munich 1854 3 months

Gothenburg 1923 146

4,250,000 75
1855 1200
5,162,330 24 Wembly .....


27,900,000 220 London. 1862 171

6,211,103 16 Paris

1925 summer
1867 210
10,000,000 35 Philadelphia. 1926 184

6,408,289 1,500 London, 1871 143

1,142,000 16 Chicago.

1933-4 329 *38,626,546 Vienna 1873 186 7,254,687 60 San Francisco. 1939 254

10,496,203 400 Philadelphia - 1876 159 9,857,628 450 San Francisco. 1940 128

6,545,576 400 Paris.. 1878 194 16.032.725 105 Tot. 2 yrs....:.

17,041,779 Paris. 1889 185 28,149,000 230 New York. 1939 185

25,817,265 1,216% Chicago 1893 179 27,529,400 686 New York.

1940 155

19.115,269 1,2164 Paris...... 1900 39,000,000 270 Tot. 2 yrs...

44,932,534 of this number, 22.320,456 attended in 1933: 16,306,C90 in 1934.

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