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Vocational Education Source: United States Department of the Interior, Office of Education All Federal funds for Vocational education are tion. This does not include expenditures for plant matched by State and local money, and in 1940 and equipment of vocational schools, for which no the States and local communities expended $1.75 Federal money can be used. for each dollar of Federal aid for vocational educa

ENROLLMENT IN FEDERALLY AIDED SCHOOLS OR CLASSES BY YEARS Enrollment figures include enrollment in schools and classes for distributive occupations--(1938) 36,008; (1939) 88,429; (1940) 129,433. Agri- Trade Home

Agri- Trade Home Fiscal

cul- and in Eco-

Fiscal Total


and In- EcoYear tural dustrial nomics Year

tural dustrial nomics 1940. 2.290,741 584,133 758,409 818,766|1932.

1,077,844 252,199 560,150 265,495 1939 2,083,757 538,586 715,239 741,5031930.

981,882 188,311 618,604 174,967 1938. 1.810,082 460,876 685,804 627,394||1928.

858,456 144,901 537,611 175,944 1937. 1,343,644 386,302 580.905 377,437 || 1926.

753,418 109,528 466,6851 177,205 1936. 1,255,861 343,809 537.151 374,901|1924.

652,594 85,984 409,843 56.767 1935. 1,178,896 325,685/ 503.865) 349,346|1922.

475,828 60,236 296,8841 118,709 1934. 1,051,000 286,150 466,999] 297,851||1920.

265,058 31,301 184,819 48,938 1933.

11,032,403 264,105) 489,9001 278,398|| The 1940 figures are provisional, subject to final audit of State reports.

ENROLLMENT BY STATES, FISCAL YEAR 1940 Alabama 58.719 Kansas 30,984 New Hampshire. 3.887 Tennessee

60,011 Arizona.. 7,915 Kentucky 34,190 New Jersey. 34,888 |Texas.

182,741 Arkansas. 54,663 Louisiana. 53,554 New Mexico

7.341|| Utah.

21,772 California 206,526 Maine.. 5,760 New York, 185,409 Vermont.

3,883 Colorado. 29,381 Maryland 18,359 North Carolina. 72,616||Virginia

49.100 Connecticut

15,143 Massachusetts 46,193 North Dakota 12,758 Washington 36,327 Delaware. 6.087 Michigan 74,634 Ohio.

79,111 West Virginia 17.749 Florida. 38,469 Minnesota. 33,270 Oklahoma 36,797 Wisconsin..

86,535 Georgia 102,576 Mississippi 56.688 Oregon 13,060 Wyoming

7,951 Idaho. 7,412||Missouri

44,404 Pennsylvania. 107.621 Dist. of Col.: 5,271 Illinois 80,114 Montana 7.509 Rhode Island 3,977 Hawaii

13,902 Indiana. 65,796 Nebraska,

29.481 South Carolina.. 65,653 Puerto Rico. 22,923 Iowa... 37.069| Nevada..

3,539|South Dakota,.. 11.023 of the enrollment in 1940, males numbered 1,279, 109; females, 1,011,632.

Expenditures under the Federal Vocational Education Acts except for teacher-training)-(1930) $27,412,136; (1931) $29,538,445; (1932) $30,767,572; (1933) $27,760,956: (1934) $26,011,341; (1935) $27,076,447 (1936) $31,141,788; (1937) $34,05 1,285; (1938) $41,411,122 (1939) $48,454,640; (1940) $50,626,777.

Expenditures for teacher-training in 1936 were $2,286,046; (1937) $2,348,001; (1938) $3,583,415; (1939) $4,211,531; (1940) $4,454,534.

The figures on vocational education costs do not represent costs of education for the ccc camps, except in so far as some of the boys from the camps have attended classes in public schools operating under the vocational program.

Public Schools Attendance, Teachers, Expenditures
Source: U. S. Office of Education; Salaries cover superintendents, supervisors, and teachers

School Pop. 5 to

Salaries Total Year 17 Yrs. Enrolled Av. Attend. Male Female Total

Expend. 1880

15,065,767 9.867,505 6,144,143 122.795 163,798 286,593 55,942,972 $78,094,687 1890

18,543,201) 12,722,581 8,153,635 125.525 238,397 363,922 91.836,484 140,506,715 1900 21,404,322 15.503.110 10,632,772 126,588 296,474 423,062 137,687,746 214,964,618 1905. 23,410,800 16,468,300 11,481,531 110,532 349,737 460, 269 177,462,981 291,616,660 1910.

24,360,888 17.813,852 12,827,307 110,481 412,729 523,210 253,915.470 426.250,434 1915. 26,425,1001 19,693,007 14,964,886 118,449 485,852 604,101 345,006,445 605,460,785 1920. 27.728,788 21,578,316 16,150.035 95,410 582,794 678,204 613,404,578 1,036,151,209 1925. 29,705,264 24,650,291 19,838,384 131,164 646,781 777,945 1,006,408,536 1,946,096,912 1930. 31.571,322 25,678,015 21,264,886 141.771 712,492 854,263 1.295,201,424 2,316,790,384 1932 32,031,459 26,275,441 22,245,344 163,861 717.746 871,607 1.310.040,500 2,174,650,555 1934

32,392,749) 26,434,193 22,458,190 161,949 685,171 847,120 1,103,705,671 1.720,105,229 1936

31,618,000 26,367,098 22,298,767 179,073 691,890 870,963 1,181,772,745 1.968,898,198 1938. 30,789,000 25,975,108 22.298.210 184,923 690,562 877.266 1.309,292,447 2,233, 110,054

The 1938 figures for teachers (total) include "other instructional staff" not divided by sex.

The U.S. Office of Education estimated that 1941-42 students would total 31,566,000. The enrollment in elementary schools was expected to drop to 20,707,000.

An illiterate is a person 10 years of age or over who cannot write in any language. The average percent of illiteracy among negroes Other percentages were--Portuguese, 34.7: in 1930 in the United States was 16.3.

Italians, 25.3; Poles, 19.0; Yugoslavs, 15.6: Turks, The average percentage of illiteracy among the 14.1; Spanish, 14.0;' Greeks, 13.6; Russians, 11.3 native whites in the United States in 1930 was 1.5. Austrians, 10.4; French-Canadians, 9.9: Hun

Illiteracy among foreign-born whites in the garians, 9.8; Cubans, 6.6; Belgians, 6.4; Finns, United States in 1930 averaged 9.9 per cent. and ranged from 0.3 p. ct. among Scots, and 0.6 p. ct.

6.3; French, 3.8; Germans, 3.2. among English and Canadians, to 36.9 p. ct. among

The percentage of Illiteracy in 1930 among persons from the Azores.

Negroes in cities averaged about 5.0. The American Rhodes Scholarships were sus- omore standing in some recognized degree granting pended by the Rhodes Trustees in September, 1939, university or college in the United States. Candias a result of the war. No new elections have been dates may apply either from the State in which held, and it is not likely that any will be until the they have their ordinary private domicile, home, or war is over.

residence, or from the State in which they have Normally. to the United States are assigned, received at least two years of their college educayearly, 32 scholarships, worth £400, tenable for tion. 2 years.

Selections are made on the basis of the candiTo be eligible a candidate must be-(a) A male date's record in school and college, supplemented citizen

of the United States: (b) Over nineteen and by references of persons who know him and by a not over twenty-five years of age; (c) Above soph- personal interview with the Committee of Selection.

The Pulitzer School of Journalism

Source: An official of the school The School of Journalism (graduate) at Colum- | York City; Julian LaRose Harris (1940-1944). The bia University, founded and endowed by the late Chattanooga (Tenn.) Times, Walter M. Harrison Joseph Pulitzer, opened (Sept. 1912) and entered (1941-1945). The Daily Oklahoman, Oklahoma City, (1913) Its new building at 116th St. and Broad- Okla.; Arthur M. Howe (1938-1942), formerly of way, New York City. The dean is Carl W. Acker- the Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Brooklyn, N. Y.; Frank man. The school has a reference library of 15,800 R. Kent (1941-1945), The Sun, Baltimore, Md.: books and 4,350 bound newspaper volumes, a Ale of

Robert Lincoln O'Brien (1938-1942), former pub. fifty daily papers (American and foreign) and a

lisher of the Boston Herald, Washington, D. C.; morgue" of 1,400.000 newspaper clippings of

Stuart H. Perry (1941-1945), The Adrian (Mich.)

Telegram: Harold Stanley' Pollard which the private collection of Dr. Talcott Wil


The New York World-Telegram; Joseph Pulitzer liams, former Dean, formed the basis.

(1939-1943), The St. Louis (Mo.) Post-Dispatch; Advisory Board:-Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler, William Allen White (1938-1942), The Emporia president of Columbia University: Sevellon Brown (Kan.) Gazette; Arthur Krock (1940-1943) Wash(1940-1944), The Providence (R. I.) Journal; Kent ington correspondent of The New York Times: Cooper (1940-1944), The Associated Press, New Dean Ackerman, Secretary, Columbia University,

THE PULITZER SCHOLARSHIPS Desirous of aiding a number of boys of ex- money, undertook to carry ten boys a year, forty ceptional ability to gain an education that would in all, upon its scholarship rolls without tuition fee.

Still later, as the public high schools multiplied 'fit them for careers of leadership and usefulness, the late Joseph Pulitzer founded (1889) the notable in number in the city, the scholarships were thrown

open to graduates of the high schools those of scholarships that bear his name.

Kings, Queens and Richmond being later added to For a time the boys selected went to the College the list. of the City of New York, but the lack of suitable To the holders of the scholarships, never fewer preparatory schools at that time caused a new

than forty, a stipend of $250 each, available in any arrangement to be made (1893) for a seven years American college of the first class, was annually course for the students selected, three years in paid by Mr. Pulitzer during his lifetime, and payHorace Mann High School and four in Columbia ment is now continued by Columbia University University.

under the terms of his will out of the income of In that year Columbia, in return for a gift of a fund provided for the purpose.

Pulitzer Prizes in Journalism and Letters

Source: Pulitzer School of Journalism The Pulitzer Prizes in Journalism and in Letters, paign against unscrupulous politicians in Jackson established by the late Joseph Pulitzer in a bequest county, Ore. to Columbia University, New York City, are 1935- Sacramento Bee for articles on Federal Juawarded annually by the trustees of Columbia diciary nominations in Nevada. University on recommendation of the Advisory 1936-Cedar Rapids (Iowa) Gazette for its crusade Board of the School of Journalism at Columbia, against corruption and misgovernment in Iowa. which was also founded and endowed by Mr. Honorable mention was given to the St. Paul Pulitzer.

Daily News for its campaign against misgovern. Juries selected to pass on the year's productions ment and corruption in St. Paul, Minn, for 1935 made no selection of prize-winners but 1937-St. Louis Post Dispatch for its exposure of submitted to the Advisory Board for its guidance wholesale fraudulent registration in St. Louis. a list of eligible candidates for each prize with a Honorable mention was given to the Daily News statement of reasons for each recommendation. The of New York for its public health campaign specifications for the prize winning play and novel covering venereal diseases and prophylaxis; Provfor 1934 and after carry the phrase "preferably

idence Journal and Evening Bulletin for a dealing with American life."

research study of direct and indirect taxes, based The awards of 1941 for work done in the year

upon one year's detailed expenditures of three

families of working people; Cleveland Press for 1940, are here given, with a list of the previous awards:

its investigation and expose by news, editorials

and cartoons of a cemetery racket. and Atlanta PUBLIC SERVICE

Journal for its campaign by news, editorials and For the most disinterested and meritorious public

radio to end corruption and inefficiency in the service rendered by an American newspaper during

police department.

1938-Bismarck (N. D.) Tribune for its news rethe year-$500 gold medal

ports and editorials entitled "Self Help in the 1918-The New York Times for the publication in

Dust Bowl." A special public service prize in full of so many official reports, documents and

the form of a bronze plaque was awarded to the speeches relating to the World War.

Edmonton (Alberta) Journal for its leadership 1919 Milwaukee Journal for its campaign for

in defense of the freedom of the press in Alberta Americanism.

province. Engraved certificates were voted to 1920-No award.

each of the six daily and ninety weekly papers 1921- Boston Post for its work in the exposure of

which co-operated with the Edrnonton Journal. Get-Rich-Quick Ponzi.

1939-Miami (Fla.) Daily News for its successful 1922-World of New York for its work in exposing campaign to oust the majority of the Miami City the operations of the Ku Klux Klan.

Commissioners, Honorable mention was given to 1923-Memphis Commercial Appeal for “its cou- the Waterbury (Conn.) Republican for its exrageous attitude in the publication of cartoons posure of municipal graft in that city. and the handling of news in reference to the 1940-The Waterbury (Conn.) Republican and operations of the Ku Klux Klan."

American for its campaign exposing graft in the 1924-World of New York for its work in connection city administration of Waterbury that resulted

with the exposure of the Florida peonage evils. in the trial and conviction of several municipal 1925-No award.

officials. 1926–Enguirer-Sun, Columbus, Ga.

1941-St. Louis Post Dispatch for its successful 1927-Canton, (0.) Daily News.

campaign against the sinoke nuisance in St. 1928-Indianapolis Times (a Scripps-Howard news- Louis. paper) for the exposure of political corruption

REPORTING in Indiana.

For a distinguished example of a reporter's work 1929_Evening World of New York for its effective during the year, the test being strict accuracy,

campaign to correct certain evils in the adminis- terseness, the preference being given to news stories tration of Justice in New York City.

prepared under the pressure of edition time, that. 1930--No award.

redound to the credit of the profession of journal1931-Atlanta Constitution for a successful munic- ism--$1,000 ipal graft exposure.

1917-Herbert Bayard Swope, World of New York. 1932-Indianapolis News for its successful campaign 1918--Harold A. Littledale, New York Evening Post,

to eliminate waste in city government and to 1919-No award. reduce the tax levy.

1920-John J. Leary, Jr., World of New York. 1933--New York World-Telegram (a Scripps-How-1921-Louis Seibold, World of New York.

ard newspaper) for its series of articles on veterans' 1922-Kirke L. Simpson, Washington staff of the relief, on the real estate bond evil, on the "write Associated Press. in McKee's name" campaign and exposing lottery 1923-Alva Johnston, The New York Times.

schemes of various fraternal organizations. 1924-Magna White, San Diego Sun (a Scripps1934-Medford (Ore) Mail-Tribune for its cam- Howard newspaper).

1925--James W. Mulroy and Alvin H. Goldstein, 1932-No award. Chicago Daily News.

1933--Kansas City Star, Henry J. Haskell, writer. 1926-William Burke Miller, Louisville Courier- 1934--Atlantic (la.) News-Telegram, E. P. Chase, Journal.

writer. 1927-John T. Rogers, St. Louis Post Dispatch. 1935-No award. 1928-No award.

1936-Two awards-Washington Post, Felix Mor1929-Paul Y. Anderson, St. Louis Post Dispatch. ley, writer; George B. Parker, editor-in-chief of 1930-Russell D. Owen, The New York Times; also the Scripps-Howard Papers, writer.

special award of $500 to W. o. Dapping, Auburn 1937—Baltimore Sun, John W. Owens, writer. (N. Y.) Citizen.

1938-Des Moines (Ia.) Register and Tribune, 1931-A. B. MacDonald, Kansas City Star.

W. W. Waymack, writer. 1932-W.C. Richards, D. D. Martin, J. S. Pooler, 1939--Portland (Ore.) Oregonian, R. G. Callvert,

F. D. Webb and J. N. W. Sloan, Detroit Free writer.

1940-St. Louis Post-Dispatch, Bart Howard, 1933--Francis A. Jamieson of the Associated Press writer. in Trenton, N. J.

1941--New York Daily News, Reuben Maury, writer. 1934-Royce Brier, San Francisco Chronicle.

CARTOONS 1935--William H. Taylor, New York Herald Tribune. For a distinguished example of a cartoonist's 1936-Lauren D. Lyman, The New York Times.

work during the year--$500. 1937-Shared by five reporters who covered the 1922-Rollin Kirby, World of New York,

tercentenary celebration of Harvard University; 1923-No award. John J. O'Neill, New York Herald Tribune; Wil- 1924-_J. N Darling, New York Herald Tribune. liam L. Laurence, The New York Times; Howard 1925--Rollin Kirby, World of New York. W. Blakeslee, Associated Press; Gobind Behari 1926.-D. R. Fitzpatrick, St. Louis Post Dispatch. Lal, Universal Service, and David Dietz, Scripps- 1927--Nelson Harding. Brooklyn Eagle. Howard newspapers.

1928-Nelson Harding, Brooklyn Eagle. 1938-Raymond Sprigle, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 1929--Rollin Kirby. World of New York. 1939-Thomas L. Stokes, Scripps-Howard News- 1930 - Charles B. Macauley, Brooklyn Eagle. paper Alliance.

1931-Edmund Duffy, Baltimore Sun. 1940_S. Burton Heath, New York World - Telegram, 1932-John T. McCutcheon, Chicago Tribune. a Scripps-Howard newspaper.

1933-H. M. Talburt. Washington Daily News 1941-Westbrook Pegler, New York World-Telegram (A Scripps-Howard newspaper).

and Scripps Howard Newspaper Alliance col- 1934-Edmund Duffy, Baltimore Sun. umnist, in recognition of his series of articles on 1935--Ross A. Lewis, Milwaukee Journal. scandals in the ranks of organized labor that 1936-No award. led to the exposure and conviction of George 1937-C. D. Batchelor, Daily News of New York: Scalise, president of the Building Service Em- honorable mention to John Frances Knott, of the ployes Union.

Dallas News and Quincy Scott of the Portland FOREIGN OR WASHINGTON


1938—Vaughn Shoemaker, Chicago Daily News. For distinguished service as a Washington or 1939-Charles G. Werner, The Daily Oklahoman, Foreign correspondent during the year--$500. Oklahoma City, Okla. 1929_Paul Scoti Mowrer, Chicago Daily News 1940-Edmund Duffy. The Baltimore Sun. 1930--Leland Stowe, New York Herald Tribune. 1941-Jacob Burck, The Chicago Times. 1931-H, R. Knickerbocker, Philadelphia Public

NOVELS Ledger and New York Evening Post. 1932-Walter Duranty, The New York Times, and

For a distinguished novel, preferably dealing Charles G. Ross of St. Louis Post-Dispatch.

with American life, by an American author, pub1933-Edgar Ansel Mowrer, Chicago Daily News.

lished during the year-$1000. 1931- Frederick T. Birchall, The New York Times.

1918-Ernest Poole, "His Family." 1935-Arthur Krock, New York Times.

1919-Booth Tarkington, "The Magnificent Am1936-Wilfred C. Barber, Chicago Tribune; honor

bersons." able mention to Webb Miller of the United Press

1920-No award. Associations; Ashmun Brown of the Providence

1921-Edith Wharton, "The Age of Innocence." Evening Bulletin; Jay C. Hayden of the Detroit

1922--Booth Tarkington, "Alice Adams, News and James A. Mills of the Associated

1923--Willa Cather, "One of Ours." Press.

1921--Margaret Wilson. “The Able McLaughlins." 1937-Anne O'Hara McCormack, The New York

1925-Edna Ferber. "So Big." Times.

1926- Sinclair Lewis, "Arrowsmith." (He declined 1938-Arthur Krock, The New York Times.

the prize.) 1939Louis P. Lochner, correspondent of the Asso

1927-Louis Bromfield, “Early Autumn." ciated Press in Germany.

1928-Thornton Wilder. "The Bridge of San Luis 1940Otto D. Tolischus, The New York Times.

Rey. 1941-No award. The judges ordered a special

1929-Julia M. Peterkin. "Scarlet Sister Mary." plaque be made recognizing the achievements of

1930-Oliver La Farge, Laughing Boy. American news reporters in the war zone. 1931--Margaret Ayer Barnes, "Years of Grace."

A special citation was made to The New York 1932-Pearl Buck, "The Good Earth.' Times "for the public educational value of its 1933--T. S. Stribling, "The Store." foreign news reports, exemplified by its scope,

1931- Caroline Miller. "Lamb in His Bosom!" by excellence of writing and presentation and

1935 --Josephine Winslow Johnson, Now in supplementary background information, illus- November, tration and interpretation!"

1936-Harold L. Daris, "Honey in the Horn." EDITORIALS

1937-Margaret Mitchell, "Gone With the Wind." For distinguished editorial writing during the 1938-John Phillips Marquand, "The Late George year, the test of excellence being clearness of Apley." style, moral purpose, sound reasoning and power 1939---Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, "The Yearling." to influence public opinion in what the author 1940-John Steinbeck, "The Grapes of Wrath." conceives to be the right direction--$500.

1941 No award. 1917-New York Herald Tribune

PLAYS 1918-Louisville Courier Journal, Henry Watterson,

For the original American play, performed in writer. 1919-No award

New York, which shall best represent the educa1920 Omaha Evening World - Herald, Harvey E.

tional value and power of the stage, dealing Newbranch, writer.

preierably with American life.$1,000. 1921-No award.

1918- Jesse Lynch Williams, "Why Marry?' 1922-New York Herald, Frank M. O'Brien, writer,

1919-No award. 1923---Emporia (Kans.) Gazette, William Allen 1920--Eugene O'Neill, "Beyond the Horizon." White, writer.

1921--Zona Gale, "Miss Lulu Bett." 1924-Boston Herald, Frank Buxton, writer.

1922-Eugene O'Neill, Anna Christie." 1925 Charleston (S. C.) News and Courier, Robert 1923-Owen Davis, Icebound." Latham, writer.

1924--Hatcher Hughes, "Hell-Bent for Heaven." 1926- The New York Times, Edward Kingsbury. 1925-Sidney Howard, "They Knew What They writer.

Wanted 1927 - Boston Herald, O. F. Lauriston Bullard, 1926---George Kelly, "Craig's Wife." writer.

1927...Paul Green. "In Abraham's Bosom." 1928 --Montgomery (Ala) Advertiser, Grover C. 1928-Eugene O'Neill, "Strange Interlude." Hall, writer.

1929 Elmer Rice, "Street Scene." 1929- Norfolk (Va.) Virginian Pilot, Louis Isaac 1930 - Marc Connelly. "The Green Pastures." Jaffe, writer.

1931- Susan Glaspell. "Alison's House." 1930-No award.

1932 George S. Kaufman, Morrie Ryskind and Ira 1931-Fremont (Neb.) Tribune, Charles S. Ryck- Gershwin, "Of Thee I Sing.' man, writer.

1933-Maxwell Anderson, "Both Your Houses."

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1934-Sidney Kingsley, "Men in White."

1918-William Cabell Bruce, "Benjamin Franklin, 1935--Zoë Akins, "The Old Maid."

Self-Revealed," 1936-Robert E. Sherwood, "Idiot's Delight." 1919--Henry Adams (post-obit), "The Education 1937–George S. Kaufman and Moss Hart, "You of Henry Adams." Can't Take It With You."

1920-Albert J. Beveridge, "The Life of John 1938--Thornton Wilder, “Our Town."

Marshall." 1939--Robert E. Sherwood, "Abe Lincoln in Illi- 1921-Edward Bok, "The Americanization or nois."

Edward Bok" (autobiography). 1940-William Saroyan, "The Time of Your Life." 1922--Hamlin Garland, "A Daughter of the Middle (He declined the prize.)

Border." 1941--Robert E. Sherwood, "There Shall Be No 1923--Burton J. Hendrick, "The Life and Letters Night.'

of Walter H. Page."

1924-Michael Pupin, “From Immigrant to InHISTORIES

ventor." For a distinguished book of the year upon the 1925–M. A. DeWolfe Howe, "Barrett Wendel and history of the United States-$2,000.

His Letters. 1917-J. J. Jusserand, "With Americans of Past 1926-Dr. Harvey Cushing, "The Life of Sir and Present Days."

William Osler." 1918-James Ford Rhodes, "A History of the Civil 1927-Emory Holloway, "Whitman. War."

1928-Charles Edward Russell, "The American 1919-No award.

Orchestra and Theodore Thomas." 1920-Justin H. Smith, "The War With Mexico." 1929-Burton J. Hendrick, "The Training of an 1921-Rear Admiral William Snowden Sims, "The American: The Earlier Life and Letters of Victory at Sea."

Walter H. Page." 1922-James Truslow Adams, "'The Founding of 1930-Marquis James, “The Raven," & biography New England."

of Sam Houston. 1923-Charles Warren, "The Supreme Court in 1931-Henry James, "Charles W. Eliot." United States History."

1932-Henry F. Pringle, Theodore Roosevelt." 1924-Charles Howard McIllwain, "The American 1933-Allan Nevins, "Grover Cleveland.'

Revolution: A Constitutional Interpretation." 1934--Tyler Dennett, "John Hay." 1925-Frederick L. Paxton, "A History of the 1935-Douglas Southall Freeman, "R. E. Lee." American Frontier."

1936Ralph Barton Perry, "The Thought and 1926--Edward Channing, "History of the United Character of William James." States, Volume VI."

1937--Allan Nevins, "Hamilton Fish, the Inner 1927--Samuel Flagg Bemis, "Pinckney's Treaty." History of the Great Administration." 1928--Vernon Louis Parrington, "Main Currents in 1938--Divided between Odell Shepard, "Pedlar's American Thought."

Progress; The Life of Bronson Alcott" and 1929-Fred A. Shannon, "The Organization and Marquis James, "Andrew Jackson: Vol. 1. The

Adininistration of the Union Army, 1861-65." Border Captain. Vol. II. Portrait of a Presi1930-Claude H. Van Tyne, "The War of Inde

dent. pendence."

1939–Carl Van Doren, "Benjamin Franklin." 1931--Bernadotte E. Schmitt, “The Coming of the 1940-Ray Stannard Baker, "Woodrow Wilson: War, 1914."

Life and Letters." 1932-General John J. Pershing, "My Experiences 1941--Ola Elizabeth Winslow, "Jonathan Edwards." in the World War."

POETRY 1933-Frederick J. Turner, "The Significance of For a distinguished volume of verse by an Sections in American History."

American author--$1,000. 1934-Herbert Agar, "The People's Choice."

1922-Edwin Arlington Robinson. 1935-Charles McLean Andrews, "The Colonial | 1923--Edna St. Vincent Millay. Period of American History,"

1924- Robert Frost. 1936-Andrew C. McLaughlin, "A Constitutional | 1925-Edwin Arlington Robinson. History of the United States."

1926-Amy Lowell. 1937-Van Wyck Brooks, "The Flowering of New 1927 Leonora Speyer. England."

1928-Edwin Arlington Robinson. 1938 --Paul Herman Buck, "The Road to Reunion." 1929 Stephen Vincent Benét. 1939--Frank Luther Mott, "A History of American 1930 Conrad Aiken, Magazines.

1931 -Robert Frost. 1940- Carl Sandburg. "Abraham Lincoln: The War 1932George Dillon. Years."

1933 Archibald MacLeish. 1941--Marcus Lee Hansen (posthumous), “The 1934 Robert Hillyer. Atlantic Migration."

1935--Audrey Wurdemann. BIOGRAPHIES

1936--Robert Peter Tristram Coffin, For the best American biography teaching patri- 1937 -Robert Frost. otic and unselfish services to people--$1,000

1938--Marya Zaturenska. 1917-Laura E. Richards and Maude House Elliott, 1939-John Gould Fletcher. assisted by Florence Howe Hall, "Julia Ward 1940-Mark Van Doren. Howe.

1941-Leonard Bacon.

Students Taking Some Form of College Work, 1900-1938

Source: The United States Office of Education

Collegiate students in
Universities and Col. Teachers colleges normal schools


Reg. Sum- corre- Reg.- Sum- corre- Reg. Sum- corre- Regu- Sum-

correular mer spond ular mer spond ular mer spond

lar yr. mer spond 1938 1,205,256 317,019 243,979 130,276 103,894 49,518 15.373 8,951 1,854 1,350,905 429,864 295,351 1936 1,062,760 262,839 210,778 127.870 98,687 35.744 17,597 8,500 4.947 1,208,227 370,026 251,469 1934 919,176 217.033 167,590 117,931 80.684 35.940 18,253 6,037 4,977 1,055,360 203,754 208.507 1932 989,757 277,700 208,992 138,720 125,002 50.717 26,106 11,688 5,556 1,154,583 114,390 265.265 1930 924,275 249,150 294.044 118,411 119,111 52,290 43,113 19.745 17,799 1,085,799 388,000 354,133 1928 868,793 239,570 292,074|114,618120,019 61,090 46,627 23,187 7.052 1.030,038 382,776 360,246 1926 767, 263 209, 454 273,235 85,207 92,588 40,076 49,609 38,419 11,508 902.079340,461 324.819 1924 664,266 189,943 144,858 58,896 74,619 32,362 11,240 13,563 16,927 734,402 278,125,194,147 1922 550,906 148,063 119,708 56,432 72,248 24,665

10.790 607,338 220,311 155.163 1920 462,445 94,838 83,100 54.721 38,011 13,360

5,2021 517,166 132,849 101.662 *18 330,689 78,059 50,014

330,689 78.059 50.314 1916 354,325 89,438

354,325 83,234 1915 303,233 83,234

303,233 83,234 110 266,654

266,654 1995 199,045

199,045 11400 167,999

167,999 In 1932 the extension and correspondence figures do not include 174,921 non-collegiate students; in 1934 such students to the number of 45,484 are omitted.

or the 1,205,256 college students in 1938, males numbered 752,127; females, 453,129.

American Colleges and Universities

Source: This list is based on the 1941 Educa- are from questionnaires returned by the institutional Directory of the United States Office of tions in the year 1941. Space limitations do not Education. The number of students is of those

permit us to carry teachers colleges, junior colleges

or professional schools. The abbreviations followstudying for degrees and does not include those

ing the names of the colleges indicate: C., co-edutaking extension courses or casual courses in the

cational; E has extension courses; N., for Negroes summer schools. The number of teachers is for only: S., summer school; W., women only. Colthe regular courses leading to degrees. The data leges marked a star (*) are land grant colleges.

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Abiline Christian (C., E., S.) Abiline, Texas.

1906 Don H. Morris. Academy of the New Church (C.). Bryn Athyn, Pa.

R. Rev. Geo. de Charms Adelphi (W., S.)

Garden City, N. Y,

1896 Paul D. Eddy Adrian (C., E., S.).

Adrian, Mich.

1845 Samuel J. Harrison. Agnes Scott (W.).

Decatur, Ga..

1889 James R. McCain. Agric. and Normal (C., E., 8., N.) Pine Bluti, Ark.

1873 J. B. Watson. Akron, Univ. of (C., S.)

Akron, Ohio

1913 H. E. Simions.. Alabama (W., E., S.).

Montevallo, Ala.

1896 A. F. Harman * Alabama Poly. Inst. (C., E., S.). Auburn, Ala...

1872 L. N. Duncan. Alabama, Univ. of (C., E., 8.). University. Ala.

1831 Richard C. Foster * Alaska, Univ. of (C.).

College. Alaska.

1922 Charles E. Bunnell Albany (C., 8.)..

Portland, Ore..

1867 Clarence W. Greene Albertus Magnus (W., E., S.) New Haven, Conn.

1925 Sister M. Isabel Albion (C.)

Albion, Mich.

1835 John L. Seaton. Albright (C., S.).

Reading, Pa.

1856 Harry V. Masters Alcorn Agric & Mech. (C., S., N.) Alcorn, Miss.

1871 William H. Bell. Alderson-Broaddus (C., S.) Philippi, W. Va.

1871 John W. Elliott Alfred Univ. (C., E., S.)

Alfred. N. Y.

1836 John N. Norwood Allegheny (C., S.).

Meadville, Pa.

1815 William P. Tolley Allen Univ. (C., S., N')

Columbia, So. Car.

1870 A. M. Church Alma (C.).

Alma, Mich.

1886 John W. Dunning. Alma White (C., S.)

Zarephath, N. J.

1921 Arthur K. White. Amer. Coll, of Sopa (C.).

Floyd H. Black American International (C.) Springneld, Mass.

1885 Chester S. McGown Amer. Univ. of Beirut (C., E., S.) Beirut, Lebanon, Syria 1866 Bayard Dodge American Univ. at Calro (Ć, E.). Cairo, Egypt.

1920 Chas. H. Watson Amherst.

Amherst, Mass.

1821 Stanley King Anderson Coll. & Theo. Sem. (C.)

1917 John A. Morrison.. Antioch (C.)...

Yellow Springs, Ohio.

1852 A. D. Henderson. *Arizona, Univ. of (C., E., S.) Tucson, Ariz.

1855 Alfred Atkinson Arkansas (C., S.)

Batesville, Ark

1872 T. M. Lowry, Jr. Ark. Agric. & Mech. (C., S.) Monticello, Ark

1910 Marvin Bankston, Arkansas Baptist (C., N.)

Little Rock, Ark.

1884 T. W. Coggs. Arkansas State (C., E., S*) Jonesboro, Ark

1910 V. C. Kays *Arkansas, Univ. of (C., E., S.) Fayetteville, Ark.

1871 A. M. Harding Armour Inst. of Tech. (see Illinois

Inst. of Tech.) Asbury (C., S.).

Wilmore, Ky

1890 z. T. Johnson.. Ashland (C., 8.)

Ashland, Ohio.

1878 E. G. Mason Assumption

Worcester. M2.

1917 Rev. R. L. Martel. Athens (C., E., S.).

Athens. Ala..

1842 E. R. Naylor Atlanta Univ. (C., 8., N.)

Atlanta, Ga.

1865 Rufus E. Clement Morehouse (S. N.).

Atlanta, Ga..

1867 Benj. E. Mays... Spelman (W, S., N.)

Atlanta, Ga.

1881 Florence M Read Atlantic Christian (C., E., 8) Wilson, No. (ar

1902 |How I s. Hilley Atlantic Union (C, E, S) So. Lancaster, Mary,


G. Eric Jones Augsburg Coll. & Seminary (C) Minneapolis, Minni..

1869 Bernhard Christensen. Augustana (C., E., S.)

Sioux Falls, So. Dak.

1860 Clemens M. Granskou.. Augustana Coll, and Theo. Sem. (C., S.).

Rock Island, m...

1860 Conrad Bergendoft Aurura (C)

Aurora, III.

1893 Theodore P. Stephens Austin (C., E., S.)

Sherman, Texas

1849 Everett B. Tucker.. Baldwin-Wallace (C, E., S.) Berea, Ohio..

1845 L C. Wright. Baker Unly. (C., S.)

Baldwin (ity, Kan

18.58 Nelson P. Horn Barat Col. of Sacred Heart (W), Lake Forest, .

1916 Rev. Mother E. Regan Bard...

Annandale, N. Y

1860 Chay. H. Gray (Dean) Barnard (W.)

New York, NY

1889 V. C. Gildersleeve (Dean) Bates (C.)

Lewiston, Me.


Clifton D. Gray Baylor Univ. (C., S.)

Waco, Tex..

1845 Pat M. Nefy Beaver (W., S.)

Jenkintown, Pa.

1853 Raymon Kistler. Belhaven (W)

Jackson, Miss.

1894 G. T. Gillespie Beloit (C.).

Beloit, Wisc.

1846 Irving Maurer. Benedict (C., N.)

Columbia, So. Car.

J. J. Starks Bennett (W., N.)

Greensboro, No. Car. 1873 David D. Jones. Bennington (W)

Bennington, Vt... 1932 Lewis W. Jones Berea (C., S.)

Bereg, Ky

1855 Francis S. Hutchins. Berry (C., S.)

Mount Berry. Ga. 1902 Martha Berry Bessie Tiit (W)

Forsyth, Ga.

1847 C. L. McGinty Bethany (C., S.)

Lindsborg, Kan.

1881 Emory K Lindquist. Bethany (C.)

Bethany, W. Vå.

1840 Wilbur H, Cramblet Bethany-Peniel (C.)

Bethany, Okla,

A. K. Bracken Bethel (C., S.)

North Newton, Kan.. 1888 Ed. G. Kaufman. Bethel (C., S.)

McKenzie, Tenn.

1842 E. K. Reagin Bullingy Poly. Inyt. (C., E., S.). Billings, Mont.

1908 Ernest T. Eaton, Birmingham-Southern (C., E., S.) Birmingham, Ala 1856 Raymond R. Paty Bishop (C., E., S.).

Marshall, Tex.

1881 Joseph J. Rhoads Blue Mountain (W., S.)

Blue Mountain, Miss. 1873 Lawrence T. Lowrey Blue Ridge (C.).

New Windsor, Md. 1839 Homer E. Cooper, Bluffton (C., 8.)

Bluftton, Ohio

1900 Lloyd L. Ramseyer Bob Jones (C)

Cleveland, Tenn.

1927 Bob Jones, Jr. (Acting). Boston (part C., E., S.)

Chestnut HM, Mass. 1863 Rev. Wm. J. Murphy Boston Univ. (C., E., S.)

Boston, Mass..

1839 Daniel L. Marsh Bowdoin.

Brunswick, Me.

1794 Kenneth C. M. Sulls Bowling Green St. Un, (C., E., 8.) Bowling Green, Ohio.. 1910 Frank J. Prout.

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