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Public Lands of the United States

Source: General Land Office, Department of the Interior The term “public domain" embraces all the area State grants for educational or other that was public land or in control of the Federal

181,975,263 Government, including Alaska. This area of 1,442,- Canal and river improvement grants 200,320 acres of land and 20,232,320 acres of water to States

6,842.921 area in the United States proper includes all the Wagon-road grants to States

3,359,188 States north and west of the Ohio and Mississippi Grants to States in aid of railroads. 38,208,638 Rivers, except Texas, and includes in addition the Railroad grants to corporations. . 94,239,448 States of Alabama, Florida and Mississippi. It was acquired in the following manner:

Total area disposed of

1,028,743,456 Acres Pending and unperfected entries

2,373,542

Title remaining in the United States: State cessions following Revolution. 266,427.520

National forests, estimated net area
Louisiana purchase (1803)

529.911,680
of public lands

134,515.000 Oregon territory (by discovery) 183,386,240 National Parks and Monuments

13.864.245 Purchased from Spain (1819):

Indian reservations (estimated net) 55,192,183 Florida

37,546,240 Military, naval, miscellaneous reserWest of Mississippi River 8.598,400 vations (approx.)

3,336.000 Mexican cession (1848)

338,680.960 Unappropriated, but withdrawn (part Purchased from Texas (1850)

78.892.800
estimated)

199,842,600 Gadsden purchase (1853). 18,988.800 Miscellaneous disposals

4.333,294 Total

1,462,432.640 Grand total (etaet public land Less water area

20,232.320
area)

1,442.200,320

1This estimated figure includes each year's land Land area of public domain 1,442,200.320 disposal minus one and one-half per cent for Alaska purchase (1867)

378,165.760 patent cancellations. The disposition to June 30, 1940, of the public

"The National Parks and Monuments figure of

13.864.245 acres includes a domain in the United States proper has been

all percentage of

lands purchased and other miscellaneous items. approximately as follows:

This is an estimated fpure supplied by the Title passed from the United States:

Indian Service. Homesteads (approx.) 1

285.000.000 "The withdrawals run in terms of gross acreages Cash sales and miscellaneous dis

and actually include a certain per cent of patposals (approx.)....

419,117.998 ented lands.

GRANTS TO STATES
State

Acres
State

Acres
State

Acres Alabama 5,808.222 Maryland

210.000 Oregon

6,959, 405 Arizona 10.543,673 Massachusetts

360.000 Pennsylvania

780,000 Arkansas 11.936.754 Michigan 13.393.010 Rhode Island

120.000 California 8,619,260 Minnesota 16,420.703 South Carolina

180.000 Colorado

4,433.898
Mississippi
6,096,424 South Dakota

3,435,373 Connecticut 180.000 Missouri

7.416,942
Tennessee

300,000 Delaware 90.000 Montana 5.871.058 Texas

180.000 Florida 24,203,311 Nebraska 3.458,711 Utah

7,464,497 Georgia 270,000 Nevada 2,723,647 Vermont

150.000 Idaho 3.639,555 New Hampshire

150.000 Virginia

300,000 Illinois 6,558,777 New Jersey

210.000 Washington

3,044,562 Indiana 6,223,098 New Mexico

12,789,917
West Virginia

150,000 Iowa 9.124,376 New York

990.000

Wisconsin Kansas 8,248,655 North Carolina

270.000

11,061,251 Kentucky 352.509 North Dakota

3.163,552
Wyoming

4,139,209 Louisiana 11,408.797 Ohio

3.651,074 Maine 210,000 Oklahoma 3,095,760 Total

.230,286,010 The above total is composed of 64,865.302 acres of swamp and overflowed land; 7,830,000 acres agricultural college scrip land; 77,523,220 acres of school sections; 31,756,742 acres for education and public purposes, and 48,410,746 acres for canals, river improvements, wagon roads and railroads. There has been reserved for and in Alaska an estimated 21,447,459 acres for common schools, agricultural college and school of mines.

AREAS ADMINISTERED BY THE NATIONAL PARK SERVICE IN PUBLIC LAND STATES

As of June 30, 1940
State

Acres
State

Acres
State

Acres Alabama 7.805 Michigan 149.878 Oklahoma

3.076 Arizona 2,611,349 Minnesota

18,614 Oregon

164,902 Arkansas 1.006 Mississippi 10.442 South Dakota

185.970 California 4,400,437 Missouri

25, 278 Utah

299,589 Colorado 646.617 Montana 1.136.215 Washington

1,077.239 Florida 9.624 Nebraska

3.637 Wyoming

2,147,000 Idaho 71.320 Nevada

672.634 Illinois 2,522 New Mexico 243,768 Total

13,864.245 Indiana 11,604 North Dakota

63,618 Alaska

6.936.698 Louisiana 30 Ohio

71

AREAS OF PERFECTED HOMESTEAD ENTRIES, YEARS ENDING JUNE 30
Acres
Acres
Acres
Acres

Acres 1868, 355,086 1883 2,504,414 1899 3,095,018 1913.. 110,009,285 1928. 1.815,549 1869. 504,302 1984 2,945,575 1899. 3,134,140 1914 9,291, 121 1929 1.700,950 1870. 519,728 1885 3,032,679 1900. 3,477.843 1915 7.180.982 1930. 1,371.073 1871.. 629,162 1886 2,663,532 1901 5,241,121 1916. 7,278,281

1931

1,352,861 1872

707,410 1887. 2,7419,037 1902 4,342,748 1917 8,497.390 1932 1.209.894 1873. 1,224,891 1888. 3,175,401 1903.,

3,576,964 1918. 8,236,438 1933

906,578 1874. 1,585,782 1889. 3,681,709 1904. 3,232,717 1919. 6,524.760 1934 1,123,673 1875. 2.008,538 1890. 4,060,593 1905 3,419.387 1920..

8,372,696

1935. 1.640.393 1876. 2,590,553 1891 3,954,588 1906

3,526,749 1921 7,726,740 1936. 1.764,959 1877... 2,407,828 1892 3.259,897 1907 3.740.568 1922. 7,307,034 1937. 1,914,800 1878. 2,662,981 1893. 3,477,232 1908 4,242,711 1923 5,594.259 1938. 1.361.943 1879. 2.070.842 1894 2,929,947 1909. 3,699,467 1924. 4,791,436 1939. 1,098,938 1850.. 1,938,235 1895 2.980,809 1910. 3,795,863 1925 4,048,910 1940... 652,484 1881.. 1,928,205 1896 2,7990).242 1911 4,620,197 1926 3,451,105 1882.. 2,219,454 1897. 2.778,404 1912.. 4,306,C68 1927 2,583,627 Total.. 246.646,781

An original entry is a first claim to receive a claim is made after required lapse of time and given tract of public landperfected entry of the compliance with other conditions.

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Farms in U. S.-Number, Acreage, Value, 1940

Source: United States Bureau of the Census

Value of
Land in Farm Land
Farms

Farms & Buildings

[graphic]

No.
Acres

Dollars 1,000 Acres Acres
Alabams.
231,746 19,143,391 408,782,488

7.007 7,111.717 Arizona 18,468 25,651.092 153,676,675

1,147 525,974 Arkansas 216,674 18.044,542 456,848,156

6,171 6,609,833 California 132,658 30,524.324 2,166,452,648

2,337 6,534,562 Colorado 51,436 31,527.240 388,343,847

1.096 4,769,671 Connecticut 21,163 1.512,151 204,761, 302

521

362,577 Delaware

6,994
895,507 54,898,828

225

378, 448 Dist. of Columbia

65
2,341
593,700

1,017 Florida. 62,248 8.337.708 324,377,874

2,650 1,679,622 Georgia 216,033 23.683,631 480,344,531

10,175 8,802,593 Idaho 43.663 10,297,745 339,194,391

691 2.935,350 Illinois 213,439 31.032,572 2,537, 117,306

1,913 18, 270.025 Indiana 184,549 19,800,778 1,251,491,614

2,340 9,711,028 Iowa. 213.318 34,148,673 2,690,744,215

1,300 20,076,641 Kansas 156,327 48.173,635 1,421.387,464

711

17,816,498 Kentucky 252,894 20.294,016 776,494,098

4,592 5,271,623 Louisiana 150,007 9.996,108 353,873,506

2.950) 4,051,670 Maine. 38,980 4,223,297 124.082,841

1,783 1,146,613 Maryland 42,110 4,197,827 273,980,352

1.142 1,608,858 Massachusetts. 31,897 1,937,963 212,014,287

717 456,267 Michigan. 187,589 18,037,995 912,545,223

2,710 7,862,858 Minnesota 197.351 32,606,962 1,443,021,290

2,932 18,807,114 Mississippi 291,092 19,156,058 474,986,062

6,068 6,952,931 Missouri. 256,100 34,739,598 1,107,302,598

6,952 12,399.860 Montana 41.823 46,451,594 350,178,461

1,137 5,748.069 Nebraska. 121.062 47,343,981 1,137,808,019

550 17,304,802 Nevada 3,573 3,785,106 47,594,384

25 435,855 New Hampshire 16,554 1,809,314 62,206,391

860

371,611 New Jersey 25,835 1.874.402 227,805,686

424

778,809 New Mexico 34,1051 38,860,427 187,525,814

1,482 1,572,507 New York 153,238 17,170,337 947.073,893

3,022 6,581,296 North Carolina. 278, 276 18,845,338 736,708,125

9,093 6,125,386 North Dakota. 73,962 37.936,136 490,197,398

386

15.536,632 Ohio 233,783 21,907,523 1,443,917,176

2,413 9.771,609 Oklahoma 179,687 34,803,317 831,140,748

3,065 12,766,219 Oregon 61,829 17,988,307 476,817,354

2,082 2,824,316 Pennsylvania 169,027 14,594,134 864,199,795

2,936 6,097,116 Rhode Island

3,014
221,913 26.334,374

91

48,753 South Carolina. 137.558 11,238,697 338,494,517

4,863 4,321,962 South Dakota 72,454 39,473,584 505, 452,178

340

12,297,291 Tennessee 247,617 18,492,898 664,474,267

5,219 6,158,682 Texas. 418,002 137,683,372 2,589,978,936

14.074 26,044,008 Utah. 25,411 7,302,007 154.358,365

79 966,088 Vermont 23,582 3.666,8351 111,108,534

1,174 1,022,581 Virginia 174.885 16,444,907 674,975,424

6,762 3,840,189 Washington 81.686 15,181,8151 593.366,445

1,460 3,569,803 West Virginia 99,282 8,908,803 269,827,285

2,994 1,564,754 Wisconsin, 186,735 22,876,494 1,188,559,407

4,121 9,815,964 Wyoming 15,018 28,025,979 158,971,294

386 1,534,800 Total ..

6,096,799 1,060,852,374 33,641,738,726 137,067,837 321,242,430 In 1935, farm land and buildings were valued at $32,858,844,012; in 1930, at $47,879,838,358; in 1920, $66,316,002,593.

In 1929 (1930 census) woodland on farms totaled 85,321,900 acres, including woodland pasture.

In 1940, farms operated by full owners numbered 3,084,138; by part owners, 615,039; by managers, 36.331; by tenants, 2,361,271: by croppers, 541,291.

Whites in 1940 operated 5,377,728 farms; non-whites, 719,071.

Farms and Farm Lands, by States, 1930

Source: United States Bureau of the Census
Land in
Land in

Land in
States Farms
farms States Farms farms

States Farms farms
No.
Acres
No. Acres

No.

Acres Ala. 257.395 17,554,635 Maine..

39,006 4,639,938||Okla.

203,866 33,790,817 Ariz. 14.173 10,526,627 Md.. 43,203 4,374,398 Ore

55,163 16,548,678 242,334 16.052,962 Mass. Ark

25,598

172,419 15, 309, 485

2,005,461| Penn Calit 135,676 30,442,581 Mich. 169,372 17,118,951 R I.

3.322 279,361 Col. 59,956 28,876, 171 Minn. 185,255 30,913,367 S. C.

157,931 10,393,113 Conn. 17,195 1,502,279 Miss. 312,663 17,332,195 S. D.

83,157 36,470,083 Del 9,707 900,815 Mo. 225,940 33,743,019 Tenn.

245,657 18,003,241 D. of C. 104 3,071 Mont. 47,495 44,659, 152 Texas

495,489 124,707, 130 Fla. 58,966 5,026,617 Neb. 129, 458 44,708,565 |Utah.

27,159 5,613 101 Ga.. 255,598 22,078,630 Nev.

3.442 4,080,906 Vt

24,898 3,896,097 Idaho 41.674 9,346,908 N. H.

14,906 1,960,061 | Va..

170,6101 16,728,620 Ill.. 214,497 30,695,333 N. J.. 25,378 1,758,027 Wash.

70,904 13,533,778 Ind. 181.570 19, 688,675 N. M. 31,404 30,822,034 W. Va.

82,641 8,802,348 Iowa 214,928) 34,019,332 N. Y 159,806 17,979,633 Wis

181 767) 21,874,155 Kansas 166 042 46 975 647 . 0, 279, 708 18,055,103 Wyo.

16,011 23,525,234
Ky.
246,499 19 927, 286 N D.

77.975 38,657,894
La..
161,445) 9,355,437| Ohio.

219,296 21,514,059 Tot. U.S... 6,288,648986,771,016 In 1935 there were 6,812,350 farms, containing a total of 1,054,515,111 acres.

In 1925, the total extent of farm lands was 924,319,352 acres; in 1920 it was 955,883,715 acres; In 1910 the total was 878,798,325 acres.

The farm acreage in previous years was: (1900) 838,591,774; (1890) 623,218,619; (1880) 536,081,835; (1870) 407,725,041; (1860) 407,212,538; (1850) 293,560,614.

[graphic]

Farm Mortgages by States, 1939, 1940

Source: United States Bureau of Agricultural Economics
The figures are as of January 1. The Dist. of Columbia is included with Maryland
States
1940 1939 States

1940
1939 States

1940

1939

Alabama
Arizona..
Arkansas
California
Colorado.
Connecticut.
Delaware
Florida,
Georgia
Idaho.
Illinois
Indiana
lowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine.

$1,000 $1,000
$1,000 $1,000

$1,000 $1,000
69,309 69,095 Maryland.
43,339 43,135 Oregon.

103.957 104,756 31.506 31,576, Massachusetts. 54,497 53,846 Pennsylvanla. 139.530 141,578 66,213 66,078 Michigan

173,959 177,394 Rhode Island.. 4.548 4,597 541.929 543.100||Minnesota, 343.512 351,030 South Carolina 43,243 44.921 94,965 97,117| Mississippi. 83,854 78.080, South Dakota. 151.910 165,750 51,0301 50,135 Missouri.. 238.914 249.673 Tennessee.

87,047 87,922 7.979 8.150 Montana. 96,504 99,308 Texas.

530,172 543,928 40.666 40.749 Nebraska 334,560 355,417 Utah

45,635 45,932 79.286 80,115 Nevada.. 17,782 17,492 Vermont.

34,085 33,538 87,441 89,963 N. Hampshire. 13.738 13,551 Virginia,

70,566 71,613 420.927 432,070 New Jersey. 50.215 50.018 Washington 118,522 120,711 198,996 201.480 New Mexico. 26.768 27,325 West Virginia 22,064 22,710 657.868 684,751 New York 206,112 209,085 Wisconsin... 382,687 390,097 309,602 319,404 N. Carolina 84,923 85,631 Wyoming.

37,023 37,202 105,729 105,299 North Dakota. 153,459 164,862 53,299 54,495) Ohio

207,308 208,005 Tot. U. S..... 6,909,794 7,070,896 30,427 30,907 Oklahoma.. 162,189 167,305

FARM MORTGAGE DEBT BY LENDER GROUPS

Federal
Total land banks Joint

State
farm-
and Land stock tand Life

Banks credit Others mortgage Bank Com- banks insurance

agencies debt missioner

companies

Year

[blocks in formation]

1910. 3,207,863

386,961 406, 248

2,414,654 1915 4,990.785

669.984 746,111

3,574,690 1920 8.448.772 296,386 60,038 974,826 1,204,383

5,913,139 1925 9.912.650 923.077 446,429 1.942,624 1,200, 456

5,400,064 1930.

9,630,768 1,185.765 626.980 2,105,477 997,468 93,274 4,621,804 1935.

7.785,971 2,501.824 255.931 1,258,900 498,842 62,286 3.208.188 1936

7.638,867 2,853.966 175.677 1,054, 770 487.505 48.091 3.018,858 1937

7,389,797 2.888,912 133,499 936,454 487.534 32,657 2,910,741 1938

7,214,138 2,835.962 104,163 895,470 501,450 24.657 2.852,436 1939

7,070.896 2,723,022 87.362 887.336 519,276 17,281 2,836,619 1940

6,909,794 2,583,901 65,719 883,414 534,170 14,823 2.827,767 Data cover only continental U. S.; joint stock land bank figures include banks in receivership; data "banks' column 1935-1940 include insured commercial banks, prior to 1935 open state and national banks; figures for state credit agencies relate to Minnesota and the Dakotas. The "others' column covers loans of individuals, mortgage companies, the Farm Security Administration, etc.

The states in which the life insurance companies had outstanding. on Jan. 1, 1940, over 20 million dollars in farm mortgages were—Iowa ($197,516,000); Illinois ($103.782.000); Texas ($85,460,000): Indiana ($55,566,000): Kansas ($53,319,000); Minnesota ($50, 489,000); Missouri ($50,097,000); Nebraska ($44,822,000) Ohio ($30,429,000); Oklahoma ($25.923,000); Mississippi ($23,480,000).

The farm real estate held by life insurance companies, to cover their loans. was valued, Jan, 1, 1940, at $700,530,000. On the same date the farm real estate held by Federal Land banks and the Federal Farm Mortgage Corp. was valued at $155,237,000: by Joint Stock Land banks, at $46,827,000; by insured commercial banks, at $42.045,000; by state credit agencies in Minnesota and the Dakotas, at $68,324,000.

The Farm Credit Administration had outstanding on Dec. 31. 1940, a total of 2,580,171 small loans to farmers, aggregating $2,972,913,351, which included 1,046,324 farm mortgage loans, totaling $2,499.514.239.

Farms, Mortgaged and Otherwise

Source: United States Farm Credit Administration

Federal Land Bank Activities
Fore-
Amounts

Fore

Amounts Year closures Foreclosures Delinquent Year closures Foreclosures Delinquent

No.
Dollars Dollars

No,
Dollars

Dollars 1929. 3,350 11.829.152 77,883,832 1935

11.438 30,209.951 399,589,441 1930. 4,645 16,866,108 137.447.246 1936

13,571 41,994.962 270.647,152 -1931. 7,386 27,168,645 304,927,875 1937

9,065 27,642,369 285,746,111 1932 10.039 40,419,840 593,592,716 1938

7.337 24,393,831 389,405,445 1933 6,585 25,801,412 627,404,426 1939

10,567 38,100,220 404,198,496 1934 4,763 15,244,494 628,454,079 1940

5,564 20.083,747 363,127,713 Average Farm Wages in This Country

Source: United States Department of Agriculture
Per Month Per Day-
Per Month- Per Day-

Per Month Per Day
Cal.
Cal.

Cal. Yr. Incl. Excl. Incl. Excl. Yr. Incl. | Excl. Incl. Excl. Yr. lacl. Excl. Incl. Excl. Board Board Board Board Board Board Board Board

Board Board Board Board 1909 $21.21 $28.10 $1.09 $1.30 1920 $51.73 $65.40 $2.98 $3.46 1931 $28.77 $38.38 $1.32 $1.62 1910 21.22 20.08 1.12 1.39|1921 33.62 44.67 1.77 2.12 1932 20.85 28.88 .94 1.20 1911 21.49 28.54 1.13 1.391922 32.75 43.33 1.73 2.07 1933 18.07

25.67

.85

1.11 19121 22 23 29.34 1.18 1.43|1923 37.24 48.25 1.89 2.25 1934 20.24 28.19 .98

1.26 1913 22.89 30.21 1. 20 1.46 1924 37.92 49.32 1.94 2.291935 22.42 30. 24 1.07 1.33 1914 22.62 29.74 1.17 1.43|19251 38.77 49.90

1.97 2.29 1936 24.53 32.28 1.15 1.42 1915 22.97 30.06 1.18 1.44|1920 39.87 50.83 1.98 2.31||1937 28.00 36.32 1.33 1.61 1916 25.17 32.84 1.31 1.581 1927 40.11 50.85

1.98 2.29 1938 27.73 35.63 1.31 1.58 1917 3111 40.52 1.65 1.981 1928 40.11 50.72 1.98 2.27 1939 27.39 35.85 1.30 1.56 1918 37.96 48.80 2.15

2.54|19291 40.61 51.22 1.96 2.25 1940 28.05 36.68 1.36 1.59 1919 43 29 56.63 2.54 3.03119301 37.59 48.10! 1.76 2.08

The supply of farm labor in the United States as a whole was 92.5 per cent of normal on Jan. 1, 1938, 94.8 per cent on Jan. 1, 1939; 93.1 per cent on Jan. 1, 1940. The demand for farm labor was 80 per cent of normal on Jan. 1, 1938, 79.2 per cent on Jan. 1, 1939, and 81.2 per cent on Jan. 1, 1940.

Principal Crops in the United States

Source: Estimates by the U. S. Dept. of Agriculture. Values prior to 1908 are as of Dec. 1, at farm;

since then, the values are based on the average seasonal price. Year White Potatoes Sweet Potatoes

Cotton

Tobacco 1.000 1.000 1,000 1.000 1,000 1,000 1.000 500-lb. 1.000 1.000) 1,000 1,000

AC. Bu. Dols. Ac. Bu. Dols. Ac. Bales Dols. Ac. Lbs. Dols 1900.

2.987 247.759 104.764 544 48,346 24,478 24,886 10.123.027 463,310 1.046 $14.345/ 53,661 1910. 3,729349,032 194,566 641 59.939| 40,216 31,508 11,608,616 820,407 1,366 1,103,415 102, 142 1920 3.657 03.296 461,778 992 103,925 117,834 34.408 13.439.603 933,658 1.960 1,582.225 335.675 1922 4,307 453,396 263.355 1,117 109,394 84,295 31,361 9,762,069 1,161,816 1,695 1.246,837 289,248 1923. 3,816 416.105 324,889 993 97,177 95,091 35,550 10,139,671 1,571,815 1,877 1,515,110 301,096 1924 3,327 421,585 263,312 688 53,912 69,441 39,503 13,627,936 1,540,884 1.706 1,251.343 259,139 1925 3,092 323,465 604,072 779 62,319 85,034 44,390 16,103,679 1.464.032 1.750 1.757,000 250.774 1926. 3,122 354,328 501,017 819 82,703 78,956 44.616 17.977,374 982.736 1,656 1,297,889 236,702 1927. 3,476 402,741 338.741 933 94.112 77.615 38,349 12,956,043 1,269,885 1,585 1,211,909 256,882 1928 3,837 465,350 251,048 810 77,661 71,096 42,432 14,477,874 1.301,796 1.894 1.374.547 277,506 1929. 2,978 329.134 423,896 646 64,963 60,982 43,242 14,824,861 1,217,829 1,987 1.537,193 286,104 1930. 3,038333,936 296.505 649 53,117 48,323 42,545 13,931,597 669,455 2,112 1,647,377 211,102 1931, 3,366 372,994 160,492 785| 63,043 36.185 38,705 17.095,594 483,582 2,014 1,607,484 131,498 1932. 3,379 357,871 126,182 926 78,431 29,518 35.939 13.001,508 371,840 1,411 1,022,756 107,776 1933. 3.194 320.203223,880 759 65,134 37,891 29,978 13,047,262 611,743 1.757 1.366,235 177,905 1934, 3,312 385.421 180,761 7621 63,841 53,843 26,987 9.636,559 595,602 1.271 1,045,660 223,709 1935 3,541 386,380 230.574 9691 83.128 58,501 27,335 10,638.391 590,136 1,437 1.297,210 237,814 1936. 3,063 331,918 374,393 822 64,144 60.035 30,028 12,398.882 760,386 1.438 1,155.328 272,895 1937

3,174 394,139 208 205 8401 75,053 2,156 34.001 18,945.028 796,179 1.735 1,552.601 317.294 1938 3.002 374.163 209.383 883 76.647 56.259 24,248 11.943.000 513,638' 1.600 1375.823 269,184 1939. 3,018 363,159 251,733 862 72,679 54,974 23,805 11.817,000 536,923 2,020 1,858,364 285,997 1940. 3,053 397.722 224,431 7721 61,998 52,354 24,078 12,686,000|595,720 1,427 1,376,471 226,874

The Bureau of the Census figures for cotton 000 bushels a year, The chief exporting countries production (bales) based on ginning reports are- are the Netherlands, Italy, Belgium, Algeria, Can(1938) 11,944,340; (1939) 11,815,759; (1940) 12,553,- ada, Hungary, and Poland 968.

World production of tobacco averages 5,000,000,The potato crops of the world average 9,000,000,- 000 lbs. a year.

Year
Corn
Wheat

Oats

Rye 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 Ac. Bu. Dols. Ас. Bu

Dols. AC. Bu. Dols. Ac. Bu. Dols. 1900, 95.042 2,505.148 878,243 51,387 602,708 373,578 27.365 809,126 208,669 1.591 23,996 12,295 1910.104,035 2.886.260|1,384,817 45,681 635.121 561.05137.5481,186,341 408,3882.18.5 34.897 24,453 1920. 101.699 3,208,5842,150.332 61.143 $33,027 1.197,263 42.491 1,496,281 688,311 4,409 60,490 76,693 1922, 102,8462,906,020 1.910.775 62,317 867,598 873,412 40,790 1,215,803 473,948 6,672 103,362 70,841 1923. 104,324 3,053,557 2,217,229 59,659 797.394 736.006 40,9811.305,883541,137 5,171 63,077 40,971 1924. 100,863 2,309,414 2,666,771 52,535 864,428 1,123,086 42,110 1,502,529 717,189 4,150 65,466 69,696 1925. 101,359 2,916.961 1.966,761 52,255 676,429 957.907 44,872 1,487,550 565,506 3,974 46,456 36,340 1926. 99,713 2.692,217 1,729,457 56,337 831,040 995.954 44,177 1,246.848 496,58213,578 40.795 34,024 1927 98,393 2,763,093 1,997,759 58.784 878,374 979,813 41,941 1,182,594 531,762 3,648 58,164 49,609 1928.100,673 2,818,901 2,119,046 58,272 914,876 887.184 41.734 1,439,407 589,048 3,480 43,366 37.290 1929 97,806 2,535,386 1.962,832 62,671 812,573 841.385 38,148 1,118,414 475,998 3.054 34,9.50 29.685 1930. 100.793 2,059.641 1,349,218 61.140 857,427 514,847 39,5971,276,035 402,7133,543) 45.481 17,419 1931. 105,948 2,588,509 929,14757,103 932,221 413,075 40,084 1,126,913 259,553 3,104 32,290 12,524 1932. 108,668 2,906,873 558.902 57,114 745,788 238.828 41,420 1,246,548 167,299 3,344 40,6391 9,073 1933, 103,260 2,351,658 924,930 47,910 528,975 359.048 36.701 731,500 221,691 2.349 21,150 11,718 1934 87,795 1,377,126/1.124,321 42,249 496,629 420.808 30,172 525,889 252,157 1,942 16,045 11,445 1935 95,4412,296,669 1,505,396 51.229 626,344 521,233 39,831 1,194,902 314.590 4,141 58,597 23,171 1936 93,020 1,507,089 1,574,256 48,863 626,766 643,183 33,370 785,500 352,837 2,774 25,319 20,478 1937 93,74112.651.2841,379,616 64,422 875.676 842.874 35 236 1.161.612349.395 3.846 49.830 34,157 1938. 92,222 2.309,674 1.290.423 69,869 931,702 522,639 35.6611.068,431 253,335 4.021 55,564 18,788 1939.588,430 2,602,133 1,476.300 53,482 751,435 519.575 32.968 935,942 290,922 3,832 39,049 17,163 1940 86,449 2,449 200 1,528,440,53,503 816,698! 547,081/34,847 1,235,628,359,819 3,192 40,601 16,498

Wheat production in 1940 (1,000 bushels)-win- Australia. ter, 589.151: spring. 227,547.

World production of wheat approximates 494 bilCorn crops of the world average somewhat under lion bushels a year. The chief exporting countries 5 billion bushels. The chief exporting countries are are Canada, the United States, Argentina, AustraArgentina, Roumania, Union of South Africa, lia, Russia, Hungary, British India, Yugoslavia, Yugoslavia, Hungary, Indo-China, China, and Roumania and Algeria.

1927

Year
Barley
Buckwheat
Flaxseed

Rice

Apples Peaches 1,000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 Ac. Bu Dols Ac. Bu Dols Ac. Bu. Dols. Ac. Bu. Dols. Bu,

Bu. 1900 2,894 5%,926 24,075 795 11,810 6,588 2.111 19,979

205,930 49,438 1910 7,743 173,832 100,426 860 17,598 11,636 2,467 12,718 29,472

72324,510 16,624 141.640 48.171 1920 7.600 189.332 135,053 701 13,142 16,863 1.757 10.774 19.039 1.336 52,060 62.036 223.677 45.620 1922 7.317 182,068 95.560 764 14.564 12.589 1,113.10.375 21,941 1.055 41.405 38.562 202,702 55,852 1923

7,835 197,691 107.038 739 13,905 13,029 2.014117,060 35,951 895 33,717 37,150 202.842 45,382 1924 6.925 181,575 134,590 745 13,357 13,705 3,469 31,547 71.728 850 32,499 45,009 171,725 53,848 1925 8,088 216.554 127,453 747 13.994 12,4233,078 22,424 50.783 889 33,309 51.232 172,389 46,562 1926 7.970 181.905 106 237 694 12,676 11,153 2,907 19,335 37,510 1,034 41.730 45.722 246,524 69,865

9,476 265.882 180.200 810 15,755 13,155 2.837 25,847 48 079 1,012 44,744 41.616 123,693 45,463 1929 12,598 357.487 197,459 749 13,148 11,5112,67519.928 40,098 977 43.240 38,277 186,893 68,369 1929 13,523 280,242 152,334 627 8,692 8,426 3.017 15,910 45,240 860 40,604 40,666 135,622 45,026 1930.12.666/303,752 118,359 573 6,960 5,814 3.736 21,287 29,684 961 44.92334,631 153,324 54,199 1931. 11,424 198,543 70.034 605 8,890 3,770 2,416 11,798 14,145 964 44,873 27,268 202,415 76.586 1932 13,346 302,042 60.699 454 6,727 2,69111,975 11,671 9.897 873 41.250 16,116140,775 42,443 1933 10.009 155,625 63,497 462 7.844 4,162 1.328 6,947 10.538 792 37,058 28,881 142,981 44,692 1934) 7,095 118,348 80.781 4781 9,042 5,296 969 5,213 8,868 78138,296 30,332 125,719 47,685 1935. 12,371 285,774 107.997 503 8,332 4.583 2,096 14,520 20,605 81638,784 29,898 177,916 54,690 1936. 8.372 147,475 115,681 376 6,285 5,381 1,126 5,273 10,001 969 19.002 41,028 117,506 47,650 1937.) 9,968 220,327 118.994 426 6,764 4,530 934 7,089 13.242 1,088 53,372 35.132 115.733 59.724 1938. 10,513 253,005 92,605 451 6,654 3,619 936 8,152 12,967 1.076 52,506 33,714 82,395 51.945 1939. 12,644 274,767 110,826 374 5,669 3,561 2.250 20,152 29,492 1,040 53,722 39,095 143,085 61,072 1940 13,394 309,235 119,719 393 6,350! 3,447 3,228 31,127 41,7461,051162,754 37,052 115,456 52,772

Russia is the largest producer of flax fiber with The average world rice crop is 130 to 140 billion ver a billion lbs. a year. It is a north-of-Europe lbsa year. The largest exporters are British India,

Indo-China, and Thailand (Siam).

Farm Employment: Annual Averages

Source: The United States Bureau of the Census
Total
Family
Hired

Total
Family

Hired
Employment
Workers Workers

Employment Workers Workers
Index
Index
Index Yr.

Index
Index

Index
Aver. (1910- Aver. (1910- Aver. (1910-

Aver. (1910- Aver. (1910- Aver. (1910No. 14 No. 14 No. 14 No. 14 No. 14

No.

14 -100) -100) 100)

==100)

100)

-100)

Yr.

99

99

1,000
1.000
1,000

1.000
1.000

1,000
Per- Per- Per-
Per- Per- Per-

Per- Per- Per

Per- Per- Per Sons cent sons cent sons cent

sons cent sons cent sons

cent 1909. 12,209 101 9.341

103 2,868

1925. 11,446 95 8.577 94 2,869 99 1910. 12,146 101 9,269 101 2,877 99 1926./11.534 96 8.507 93 3,027 105 1911. 12,042 100 9.172 100 2,870 99 1927.11.246 93 8,296 91 2,950 102 1912. 12,038 100 9,149 100 2,889 100 1928.11.296 94 8.340 91 2,956 102 1913./12,033 100 9,128 100 2.905 100 1929. 11.289 94 8,305 91 2,984

103 1914.112,000 100 9,081 99 2,919 101 1930.11.173 93 8,323 91 2.850 1915./11,981 99 9,047 99 2.934 101 1931. 11,159 93 8.469 92 2.690 93 1916. 12,016 100

9.050 99 2,966 103 1932.11.069 92 8,571 94 2,495 86 1917. 11.789 98 8,856 97 2.933

101
1933. 11,023 91 8,590 94

2,433 84 1918.111.348 94 8.507 93 2,841 98 1934. 10,852 90 8.506 93 2,346 81 1919. 11, 106 92 8,322 91 2.784 96 1935.11.172 93 8,704 95

2,468 85 1920. 11,362

8,479 93 2,883 100 1936. 10.997 91 8,502 93 2,495 86 1921 11,412 95 8,511 93 2.901 100 1937. 10,830 90 8,273 90 2,557 88 1922 11,443

95

8,528 93 2,915 101 1938. 10,745 89 8,216 90 2,529 87 1923.11.385 94 8,491 93 2,894 100 1939, 10,629 88 8,150 89 2,479

86 1924. 11,3621 94 8,488 93 2,874 99 1940. 10,445 87 7.995

87 2,450 85 The farm population on April 1, 1940, was estimated by the U. S. Bureau of the Census at 30,475,206, as compared with 30,445,350 in 1930 and 31,614,269 in 1920

The Bureau says that a part of the explanation for the lack of growth of the farm population lies in the fact that farm practices are becoming more efhcient, so that smaller and smaller numbers of workers on our farmland areas are able to produce all of the products that can be marketed.

"Another factor is the decline during recent years in the exportation of certain farm products."

94

Visible Supply of Wheat, Corn and Oats in United States

Source: Chicago Board of Trade
WHEAT (1,000 BUSHELS). CORN (1.000 BUSHELS).

OATS (1.000 BUS HELS)

[blocks in formation]

1940. Sept. 28 '173.573 June 22 85,098 Dec. 28 63.064 June 8 23,010 Jan. 0 10,425 July 20 2,022 1939. Sept 2 149,913 June 3 58.143 Jan. 7 48,037 Sept. 16 7,377 Sept. 16. 16,383 July 15 5,199 1938. Oct. 22 126,588 June 18 24.125 Dec. 31 48,866 Sept. 17 8.756 Jan. 1 24,509 July 23 5,334 1937. Sept. 25 131,051 June 19 9,657 Dec. 25 32,822 May 29 3,211 Jan. 2 34,248 July 17 8.90 1936. Aug. 20 78,445 June 27 21.950 Dec. 26 12.093 Oct. 17 3,181 Aug, 29 50.702 June 20/ 30,738 1935. Jan. 5 81.328 June 29 22.497 Jan. 5 39.875 Nov. 2 1.827 Nov 30 45,855 July 6 8.014 1934. Jan. 1 124.679 June 16 73,029 Jan. 1 66.694 July 141 32.954 Jan. 1 44,866 Aus 420,415 1933. Jan. 7 161.082 May 27 114.909 Dec. 30 66,694 Jan. 7 28,929 Nov. 1846.943 May 6 21,085 1932. Jan. 2 212.329 Dec. 31 162,971 Dec. 31 28.985 aug. 6 10.815 Oct. 15 27,623 July 16 9,579 1931. Sept. 5 236,323 June 27 187,320 Mar. 14 21,182 Sept. 26 6,301 Jan. 3 28,226 July 25 6,489 1930. Sept. 27 205,732 June 28 107,175 Mar. 15 24,745 Aug. 16 2.653 Xov. 1 30.815 July 26 6.925 1929. Nov 2 194.215 June 22 92,148 Mar 23 34,539 Nov 16 2,414 Oct. 26 30.799 July 20 6,975 1928. Dec. 29 138,743 June 30 38.922 Mar. 17| 45,542 Oct. 27 1,284 Jan 7 21.672 July 28 1.843 1927. Nov. 26 91,117 June 25 21.155 | Mar. 19 48,837 Oct 22 18,609 Jan. 15 45,967 Aug 13 11.541 1926. Oct 2 75,067 June 261 10.9751 Mar 27 37,197 Oct 16! 16.918 Jan 231 63.645 July 31! 33,772

CONTRACT (SPOT) PRICES OF WHEAT, CORN AND OATS AT CHICAGO
WHEAT
CORN

OATS
Year
High
Low
High
Low
High

Low Month Dols Month Dole Month | Dole Month Dols. Month Dols. Month ! Dols. 1940. Apr. 1.16

Aug
0.694 May 0.784. Dec. 0.55') Apr. 0.46

Aug

0.28 1939. Sept. 1.10 July

0.5
Sept. 0.71 July

0.40

Dec. 0.4315 July 10.26 1938. Feb. 1.16

Aug. 0.59 | Jan. 10.631 Nov. 0.40 Jan. 0.361. Aug. 0.21 1937 April 1.51

Nov. 10.92 May 1.41 Nov. 0.534 Jan. 0.59 4 Aug. 0.28 % 1936. Dec. 1.44June 0.90%|Aug 1.37

Jan.

0.60% Dec. 0.55 % May June 0.28 1935. Oct. 1.31 July 0.81

Jan.

1.06
Dec.

0.57
Jan.
0.60

Aug. 0.28 1934. Dec 1.16% April 10.754 Dec 1.11 April

Dec. 10.61

April

0.28 1933. July 1.17 Jan, 10.45 July 10.66 Feb. 0.22% July 0.49

Feb.

0.15 1932. Jan. 0.704 Dec. 0.444 Jan. 0.40% Dec. 0.22 Jan.

10.28% Oct. 0.15% 1931. May 0.84% Aug 0.45 Jan. 10.73

Oct.
0.35% Jan. 0.34%Nov.Dc.

10.2017 1930. Jan. 1.29 NOV. 0.71 % Aug, 1 0.512 Dec 0.014 J'n My. 0.45

Aug.

10.3031 1929. Feb 1.48 May 0.98 July 1.08 June 0.804 Jan. 0.57% Aug. 0.41 1928. Apr 2.15 Aug. 1.06 May 1.15% Dec. 10.83 June 0.78

0.36% 1927. May 1.58 Oct. 1.21% Aug 1.16

Маг. 10.67 Dec. 10.59 Aug

0.4319 1926.Jan 11.94 Sept. 1.30 July 10.874 Jun., No 10.68 Dec. 0.55

Aug. 0.3674

10.43

Aug

HIGH AND LOW SPOT PRICES OF RYE AND BARLEY AT CHICAGO (CENTS) Rye (1922) 111, May; 6812, Aug.; (1923) 89!. Barley--(1922) 75. Dec.; 47, Aug.; (1923) 81 Feb.; 6394. June; (1924) 15112. Dec.; 65'4. Mch.. Dec.; 46, Sept.: (1924) 102, Oct.; 55, Jan., (1925) May: (1925) 17312. Jan.; 7812 Sept.: (1926) 11012. 104, Feb.; Mch.; 52, Oct.; (1926) 78. Jan.. Dec.; July; 82, Mch., May; (1927) 119, June: Aug.; 40, Aug.; (1927) 98, June; 56, Jan.: (1928) 111. (1928) 13912. May: 93. Sept.; (1929) 118. Aug.: May, 44, Nov., (1929) 77, Feb.; 47, Aug.: (1930) 84, May; (1930) 10134, Jan.; 45, Nov.; (1931) 64, 73, Sept.; 35, Dec.; (1931) 6612. Jan.: 31. June: Nov; 3474, April; (1932) 5434. Jan. 30, Nov. (1932) 63, Mch.; 21, Oct.; (1933) 23, July and (1933) 99, July, 35, Jan.; (1934) 8914, Dec.; 5914. Sept. 22, Jan. and Feb.; (1934) 132, Sept.; 40, May; (1935) 6224, Oct.; 4714 Aug.: (1936) 1322, April: (1935) 1.15. Jan.; 30. Aug. and Oct. i (1936) Dec.; 5512, Mch., April (1937) 1.291a, Jan.; 67, 150. Sept., 322, April; (1937) 145, Jan.; 38. Nov., Nov.; (1938) 84'4. Jan.; 43, July, Nov.; (1939) 6416. (1938) 93, Jan., Feb.; 41. Oct., Nov., (1939) 6612. Dec.; 42, July: (1940) 88, Feb.; 44, Aug.

Sept. 26, Feb. (1940) 72. Jan.; 41, July.

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