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Manufactures in New York City

Source: United States Bureau of the Census
Wage

Cost of
Wages ia

Value of
Year

Horse
Estab.
Earners Year
Materials Products

Capital

Power No. Aver. No. Dollars

Dolars

Dollars

Dollars No.H.P. 1899.

19.243 388,586 196,656,000 634,210.000 1,172,870,000 853,238,000 1904. 20.839 464,716

248,128,000 818,029,000 1.526.523,000 1,042.946.000 1909.

25,933 553,923 323.414,000 1,090,783.000 2,027.425.000 1.361.860,000 428,838 1914.

29,621 585,279 357,498,000 1,229.155,000 2,292,832,000 1.626,104.000 550.962 1919.

32,590 638,775 805,822,451 2,861,476,000 5,260.707,577 3,038,557.492 1921.

26,801 536,665 762,596,719 2,248,500,925 4,328,187,499 1923. 27,423 577.971 849,937,423

5,310.017.414 1925.

23.714 538,815 844,648,136 2,718,792,438 5,324,413,612 1927.

27.076 552,507 904,646,427 2,853,834,232 5.722,071.259 1929

29,361 561,814 910,509,591 2,885,019,885 5,908,203,241 1931

26,232 471.999 678,705, 151 2,088,602,135 4,373,911.699 1933

19,233 391,391 438,778,462 1,331,048,611 2,860,672,855 1935.

26.061 485,144 582.298,673 1.756,473,582 3,666.218,239 1937.

22,235 506,208 629,750.581 2,185,913,680 3.962.292,660 1939..

26,651 512,666 632, 755,662 2,237,744,469 4,108,750,275 The 1935 and 1937 figures include printing and publishing.

SUMMARY FOR 1939 BY BOROUGHS
Wage Wages in Cost of Ma-

Value of
Borough
Estab. Earners

terials

Products No. Aver. No. Dollars

Dollars

Dollars Bronx

1,082 18,577 24.100.454 52.533,884 115,752,382 Brooklyn 4,910 135,422 155,948,038

445,684,462 870,578,728 Manhattan

18,949 300, 102 378,629,784 1,469,212,872 2,618,700,898 Queens. 1,544 52,485 65,410,911

220,625,778 423,431,391 Richmond

166
6,080 8,666,475

49,687,473

80,286.876

Year

Broux.
Brooklyn
Manhattan
Queens
Richmond.

124,392.241 838,543,873 2,498,878.377 412,359,466 88,118.703

SUMMARY FOR 1937 BY BOROUGHS 1,051 20,395 26,790,376

56,074,016
4,127 135,602 156,603.490

435,570,236
15,546 291,281 373.094,359 1,406,949,415
1.358
51,596 62,774,779

230.058.866
153
7,334 10,487,577

57.261.147
SUMMARY FOR 1935, BY BOROUGHS
1.198
18.847 22,797,171

47.227.153
4,490 122,961 135,677.680

365,372,360
18,694 288,036 359,893,432 1,110,223, 156
1,509 47.966 54,263,260

187.001.696
170
7.335 9,667.130

46,649,217

Bronx. Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Richmond.

103,177.991

723,354,862 2,432.756.222 332.797.719

74,131,445

SUMMARY FOR 1933, BY BOROUGHS
Bronx

768
14,947 17,116,533

32,761,437 75,708,311 Brooklyn 3,500 102.112 104.783,208 283.992.165

598,324,967 Manhattan

13,638 228,859 267,763,304 845,358,515 1.871,646,053 Queens

1.187
39.927 43.175,382

1 +0.653.691

265.994,323 Richmond

140

5,940,035

28,282.803 48.999,201 1939 DATA FOR NEW YORK INDUSTRIAL AREA OUTSIDE OF THE METROPOLIS New York City-Newark-Jersey

Wage

Wages in Cost of Ma- Value of
City Industrial Area
Estab. Earners

Year
terials

Products
No. A ver. No. Dollars

Dollars

Dollars Total: 1939

33,385 849,608 1,042,681,700 3,887,580,270 6,948,444,631 1937

28,007 848,345 1,046,186,704 3,886,157,018 6,764,287,881

Counties, 1939 Portion in New York State, tot 27.174 534,008 659,574.579 2,344,928,296 4.295,585,062 Westchester.

523 21,342

26,818,917 107.183,827 186,834,787 Portion in New Jersey. tot, 1939 6,211 315.600 383,107.121 1.542,651.974 2,652,859,569 Bergen

548 25,952 31,911,188 162,673, 167 250,532,158 Essex.

2,028 78.008

95,905,353 322,513,735 613,335,338 Hudson

1.778 86,132 109,361,585 421.863.846 765.853,950 Middlesex

36,170 41.437.637 349,427,609 464.084,048 Passaic.

934 56.947 60.639,004 123,621,468 264,651.471 Union.

509 32.391

43.852,354 162,552,149 293,402, 598 1937 DATA FOR NEW YORK CITY INDUSTRIAL AREA OUTSIDE OF THE METROPOLIS.

Wage Wages in Cost of Ma- Value of
County
Estab. Earners

terials

Products No. A ver. No. Dollars

Dollars

Dollars (N. Y.) Westchester

454 22,640 27,979,251 146,235,251 224,323,864 IN J.) Bergen.

496 27.182 31,961,223 181,496.327 264,043.489 Essex...

1,731 82.677 102,915,826 318,940,782 619,146,173 Hudson

1,427 84,208 107,558,376 438,533,599 738.161.930 Middlessex

380 35,820 41.066,445 331.722,267 434.547.459 Passaic

841 53,751 57,110,002 120.937.930 243,556,109 Union.

443 35,859 47,845,000 162,377,182 278,216.197 Total.

5,318 319,497 388.456,872 1,554,008,087 2,577,671,357 Whole Area 1937

28,007 848,345 1,046,186,704 3,886,157,018 6,764,287.881 1935 (a)

32,195

766,351 878,370.692 2,958,752,421 6,824,037.588 1935.

32,237 779,486 899,086,826 2.985,347,383 5.739,353,054 1933

24,012 620,814 665.160,054 2,116,776,719 4,284,825,526 1929

36,307 916,706 1,415.019.737 4,846,209, 132 9,339,103,436 The 1935 (a) figures are comparable with 1937 because of subtraction of two 1935 industries ("gas, manufactured, illuminating and heating, and "railroad repair shops"') which were not included in the 1937 census.

[graphic]

Retail Trade in N. Y. City, 1939, by `Chief Kinds

Source: United States Bureau of the Census

Sales in
Kind of Business
Stores

Wages in
Year Employees Year

No. Total, all stores

$1,000

No.

$1,000

115,219 3,192,594 Food Group....

335,833 420.688

47.955 864,670 Grocery stores (without fresh meats)

52,848

66,546

14,880 277,688 Combination stores (groceries-meats)

12,867

14,054

1,560 109,837 Dairy products stores

7,516

9,029 964

22,694 Muk dealers ..

1,170

1,445 79

51,763 Meat markets.

6,910 7,528

15,807

159,025 Fish (sea food) markets

8,614

10,765 1.514 13,141

888 Confectionery stores

971 8,012

57,964 Delicatessen stores

2,346

1,895 2,009

40,931 Fruit stores, vegetable markets.

2,109

2,227 6,688 60,952

3,858 Bakeries, caterers

3,912 2,407 38.949

4,240 Egg and poultry dealers

3,957 877

16,831 General Merchandise Group

864

930

4,215 397.968 Department stores.

56,364

68,842

43 295,910 Dry goods stores

42,012

55,998 2,806

30,012 General merchandise stores with food

1,984

2,785 other

444
9,785

917 Variety stores..

1.236 922

62,261 Apparel Group

11.451

8,823 12,630 477,368

49,222 Men's-boys' furnishings stores, hat stores

71,572 1,265 28,623

2,308 Men's-boys' clothing stores (and furnishings).

3,670 1.126 79,700

5,993 Family clothing stores. ...

10,485 388

47,532 Women's ready-to-wear stores.

6,018

8,370

2,387 158,657 Furriers, tur shops...

17,092

24,139 376

17,464 Mulinery stores

1,505

3,346 1,689 16,502

2,938 Corset and lingerie shops

3,010 692

10,556 Hosiery shops

1,064

1,239 596 8,139

597 Other apparel stores

642
10.041

1.427 Custom tailors

1.759 703 11.761

2,536 Men's shoe stores.

4,118 404 15,779

1,100 Family shoe stores

1.743 1,321 35,298

3,016 Women's shoe stores.

4,354 276

20,729 Furniture Household-Radio Group

2,011

3,124 3,893 157,741

13,992 Furniture stores

23,936 870

66,775 Floor coverings stores.

5,772

10,172 494 11.165

1,076 Drapery, curtain, upholstery stores

1,793 225 4,136

348 China, glassware, metalware stores

474 3,045

318 Interior decorators.

501 156 7,833

605

1,187 Antique shops

242
5.950

452 Other home furnishings stores.

1,012 998 14.408

1.596 Household appliance dealers

2.264 319 18,467

2,038 Radio-household appliance stores

3,625 290 19,460 1.341

2,201 Radio stores-musical instrument stores.

190
6,502

446

707 Automotive Group

1,166 161,410

8,644

14,669 Motor vehicle dealers, farm Implements.

665
145,153

7,143

12,337 Accessory, tire, battery dealers.

483
15,697

1,466 Filling Stations

2,273 2,706 64,128 6,583

8,149 Lumber, paint, glass, wallpaper, etc.

1,657 71.1304

5,116

8,933 Hardware Group.

1,655
25,455

1,968

2,674 Eating Places

11,438 341.385

81,085

73,866 Drinking Places.

5,201 119,644

16,752

18,328 Drug Stores.

4.006
88,802

9,961

11,374 Liquor Stores (packaged goods)

911
52,552
2,373

4,340 Other Retail Stores

16,330 358,328 29,527

45,387 Fuel and ice dealers.

2,248
82,870

5,280 Fuel-oll retallers.

8,487 199 21,607

1.099

2,065 Jewelry stores.

843
39,459
3,127

6,298 Book stores.

489
11.234

1,717

2,306 Stationery stores ..

791
15,206
1,442

1.866 Cigar stores, cigar stands

4,456
52,166
2,053

2,599 Florists...

1.212
14.489
1,984

2,486 Gift, novelty, souvenir shops.

727
11.220
1.161

1,431 News dealers..

1.768
15.103
1.691

1,643 Office, store appliance and equipment dealers.

295
17,382
2,147

3,508 Office, store, school supply dealers.

119
3,700

527

736 Opticians

550
7.156

891

1.640 Photographic supply camera stores

116
5,027

409

604 Sporting goods stores

150
7,465

720

1,161 Luggage stores ..

175
4.396

380

570 Piano, musical instrument stores

216
8,494
1,035

1,662 Scientinc, medical instr. and supply dealers

178
3,826

489

747 Second-hand Stores, clothing. books, etc.

1,436
11.799

1,379

2,058 RETAIL SUMMARY, 1939, BY BOROUGHS

Sales
Pro-
Em-

Payroll
Stores

in Year prietors ployees in Year New York Borough

NO.
31.000

No.

No.

$1,000 Bronx

17.088 348,870

16,463
26,342

32,883 Brooklyn

38,748 769,057

36,696
65,772

80,109 Manhattan

40,092 1,588,756

33,817

201,600 256,695 Queens

16.699 435,133

14,472
37,908

46,142 Richmond

2,592
50,778
2.307
4,211

4,859 Wholesale Trade-Many wholesalers, especially jobbers, sell also at retail, and it is not easy to separate their sales. According to the Census the wholesale trade in New York City (1939) was:

Establishments, 24,042; sales in year, $12,954,252.000; operating expenses, $1,148,338,000; active proprietors, 15,267; employes, 241,405; payroll in year, $545,796,000; stocks on hand at end of year, $776,429,000

Sales were divided as follows-by service and limited function merchants, $5,417,476,000; by manufacturers sales branches (with stocks), $1,982,804,000; by those without stocks, $1,388,494,000; petroleum bulk stations, $113,677,000; agents and brokers, $4,009,458,000; by assemblers (mostly farm products), $42,346,000.

[graphic]

New York City Food Supply
Sources: Commissioner of Markets and U. S. Dept. of Agriculture

[graphic]

Meats:
Local dressed carcasses (lbs.),

801,176,740 744,521.739 795,561,611 797,845,357 802,815,751 Country dressed carcasses (lbs.)

11,721,785 13,457,805 13,894,305 13,446,760 12,717.405 Western dressed carcasses (lbs.). 485,341,970 480,150,254 465,482,010 502.625,157 489,936,207 Western fresh and frozen cuts (lbs.). 147,674,036 152,427,776 159,153,766 166,818,019 182.779,262 Western cured and provisions (lbs.). 112,918,001 113,871,446 110,318,151 115,696,560 90,044,449 Imported fresh and processed (lbs.). 59,488,673 91,356.906 70,010.961 71,092,259 30,392,602 Fish estimated (lbs.).

500,000,000 500,000.000 500,000,000 500,000,000 500,000,000 The above tables, in their entirety, show a total of approximately 11,496,063,197 pounds.

More than $2,000,000,000 worth of perishable food products are received in the City of New York each year. The markets, in 1939-40 (fisc. yr.) were rented for $1.183,190; net income, $435,539.

The deliveries of food at New York in 1940 totaled tatoes. 23,542; peaches, 5,914; tomatoes, 10,302. 210.253 carloads or equivalent carloads, of which California sent 41,051 carlot equivalents: Florida, 82,592 were by truck and 127,661 arrived by rail 30,989: New Jersey, 16.094; Long Island (N. Y.). and boat. The total for 1939 was 222.387. Banana 22,939other parts of N. Y State, 21,015; Virginia, receipts in 1940 were 27,903 carlot equivalents. 7,688; Texas, 6,390; North Carolina, 5,363; Maine,

There were 10,131 carlot equivalents of apples; 5.511 Maryland, 3,316; Georgia, 3.027; Arizona grapes. 7,976: lettuce, 9.728: oranges. 19.004; po- 2,665; Pennsylvania, 3,811; South Carolina, 4,566.

New Cost of Living Index for New York City

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U. S. Dept. of Labor

Fuel,

electric - House- MiscelAll items Food Clothing Rent ity, and furnish-laneous

ice

ings

Period

1936 January 15.

April 15.
July 15
September 15

December 15 1937- March 15.

June 16.
September 15

December 15 1938- March 15

June 15
September 15,

Decernber 15 1939-March 15.

June 15
September 15,

December 15 1940 - March 15.

June 15
September 15.

Decernber 15 1941- March 15.

June 15.

[blocks in formation]

New York City—Vote for Mayor, 1941

BOROUGH SUMMARIES. FIGURES UNOFFICIAL BUT CLOSELY APPROXIMATE

La Guardia Borough

O'Dwyer Hartmann Repub- Amer.. City United

Demolican Labor Fusion City

Total

crat Socialist Manhattan

188,822 81.727 21.840 6,196 298,645 227,499 4,891 Bronx . 103,599 135,198 14,951

5,794 259,542 184,660 6,292 Brooklyn 242,720 174,097 16,905 6,264 439,986 347,423

8,949 Queens

116,080 39,712 8,712 1.796 166,300 258,939 3,050 Richmond 17,482 3,563

701
175 21,921 34,032

963

Total

668,763 434,297 63,109 20.225 1,186,394 1,052,553 24,145 La Guardia's plurality over O'Dwyer and Hartmann, 109,696; his majority ove O'Dwyer, 133,841. President of the City Council-Morris (R., Fus., etc.), 1,122,746; Fertig (D.), 997.517. City Comptroller-McGoldrick (R., Fus., etc.), 1,152, 116; Church (D.), 997,491.

Proposition 1-To reorganize the County government by abolishing the County offices of Sheriff, Register. Register of Deeds and Registrar, creating the ofhces of City Sheriff and City Register, to be filled by appointment after competitive civil service examination, and assigning the functions of the offices thereby abolished to the City Sheriff, the City Register and the City Department of Correction For, 507,350; against, 220,092.

A proposed amendment to the State Constitution to extend the term of State Senators was defeated both up state and in New York City.

N. Y. Stock Exchange Transactions and Seat Prices

Source: An Official of the Institution
Stocks Bonds

Seats
Stocks Bonds

Seats Year

Year (Cal.) Shares Par Value High Low (Cal.) Shares Par Value High Low

No.
Dollars Dollars Dollars

No.

Dollars Dollars Dollars 1900.. 138.312,266 578,359,230 47.500 37,500||1929.. 1,124,990,980 3,020,316,700 625,000 525,000 1905. 263,040,9931.018.090,420 85,000 72,0001 1930.. 810,626,276 2,779,009,350 480,000 205.000 1910.. 163.882,956 634,091.000 94.000 65.000||1931.. 576.921,426 3,075,347,100 310,000 125,000 1915.. 173.378,655 956,077.700 74.000 38.000 1932. 425,235,8292,971,965,650 185,000 68,000 1920.. 223,931, 349 3,955,036,900 115,000 85,000||1933.. 654.874,210|3,366,402,950 250.000 90.000 1922..

260.753,997 4,098,696.027 100.000 86,000||1934.. 323,871,840 3,729,460,500 190,000 70,000 1923.. 237,276,927 2.753,506,630 100.000 76,000||1935 381,666,1973,347,855,300 145,000 65.000 1924,.. 282,032,923 3.828.019.845 101,000 76,000||1936. 496,063,099 3,575,453,100 174.000 89.000 1925. 452 211.399 3,398.346.045 150.000 99.000||1937. 409,464,570 2.792,531,000 134.000 61.000 1926. 449.103.258 3.029,684,700 175.000 133,000|1938. 297.466.722 1.859,865 000 85.000 51,000

576.990,875 3.321.545.600 305,000 170,000 1939. 262,029,599 2,046.083.000 70.000 51.000 1928 920.550.032\2.939,627,750595,000/290.000| 1940 207,599,749) 1.669,438,000' 60,000! 33,000

As of the close of business December 31, 1940, there were 1,230 stock issues aggregating 1,454,761,737
shares listed on the New York Stock Exchange with a total market value of $41,890,646,959.
By leading industrial groups, the aggregate market value and average price for each were:
Market Aver.

Market Aver.
Value Price

Value Price

1927..

Autos and accessories.
$3,481,165,986 $29.19|Textiles

$ 258,049,925 $22.36 Financial

833,984,485 16.24 Gas and elec. (operating) 2,146,274,228 25.25 Chemicals.

5,652,093.029 60.85 Gas and electric (holding) 1,114,404,672 11.63 Building

474,228.086 21.84 Communications (cable, tel., Flectrical equip. mig 1,431,454,131 36.47 radio)...

3,647,007,011 88.17 Foods. 2,633,401.356 28.18 Miscellaneous utilities.

85, 108,205 11.05 Rubber and tires. 334,061.006 31.49 Aviation......

604,966,054 20.31 Farm machinery.

597,194,406 45.56 Business and office equipment. 275,972,963 24.07 Amusements 264,269,161 12.31 Shipping services.

7,340,031 4.00 Land and realty.

14,328,132 2.93 Ship building and operating. 102,149,295 23.83 Machinery and metals.

1,530,177,220 23.93 Miscellaneous businesses. 110,420,984 19.92 Mining (excl. iron) 1.635,633,342 25.56 Leather and boots.

158,462,975 21.23 Petroleum .. 3,692,608,589 19.19 Tobacco...

1,400,713,763 50.74 Paper and publishing 421.393,706 19.47 Garments..

38.798,991 23.16 Retail merchandising. 2,268,912,067 30.55 U, S. co's oper. abroad

493,853,108 14.46 Rallway oper. and hold. co's

Foreign co's (in. Cuba & Cana.) 628,359,856 15.52 and equip. mtrs.

2.985,460,130 26.06 Steel, Iron and coke.

2,568,400,0661 51.05 Tot., all listed stocks. ... 41,890,646,959 28.80

N. Y. Curb Exchange Transactions and Seat Prices

Source: An Official of the Institution
Transactions Prices for Seats

Transactions Prices for Seats Year Stocks Bonds

Year Stocks Bonds (Cal.) (Shares) (ParValue) High Low (Cal) (Shares) (Par Value) High Low Number Dollars Dollars Dollars

Number Dollars Dnuars Dollars 1925.. 88,406,350 500,533,000 37.500 8.500 1933...100,916.602 944,374,000 50,000 25.000 1926.. 115.531,800 525,810.000 35,000 17,500 1934.. 60.050,695 1,013.679.000 40.000 17.000 1927.. 126,116,566 575,472,000 67,000 22,000 1935., 75.747,764 1,171,440,000 33,000 12,000 1928.. 236,043,682 834.893.000 170.000 50.000 1936... 134,663,196 823,050.000 48,000 26.000 1929. 473.770,970 544,542.000 254.000 150.000 1937.. 104,178.804 442,361.000 35.000 17.500 1930. 222.268.045 863,531,000 225,000 70,000 1938. 49,640.238 366,974,000 17.500 8.000 1931. 109.812.465 983,288,000 137.000 40.000 1939. 45,729,898 444,497.000 12.000 7,000 1932 57.108.543/952,289.0001 55,000 16.500 1940. 42,928,377) 303,902 7,250 6,900

N. Y. City Population, 1940, 1930, by Age, Sex, Color

Source: United States Bureau of the Census 1940 data are estimates based on a preliminary tabulation of a 5 percent cross-section of the 1940 census returns. 1940 numbers less than 20,000, indicated by an asterisk (*), are based on relatively small samples, and are subject to error. This is particularly true of 1940 numbers less than 5,000, indicated by two asterisks (**).

1930 figures for white population include Mexicans, who were classified with "Other races" in the 1930 Census Reports. 1930 totals include persons of unknown age. All Classes

White

Non-white
City, Age and
Census Year

Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female All ages: 1940. 7,454,995 3,686,034 3,768,961 6,976,649 3,462,587 3,514,062 478,346 223,447 254,899 Under 5,

441.984 225,440 216,544 410.137 209.766 200.371 31,847 *15,674 *16.173 5 to 9..

475,387 242,589 232,798 440,163 224,399 215.764 35,224 *18,190 *17,034 10 to 13.

445,252 223,266 221.986 415,440 208.850 206,590 29.812 *14,416 *15,396 14 to 19.

721,902 358,723 363.179 679,050 339,087 339.963 42.852 *19,636 23,216 20 to 24.

648,570 301.156 347.414 605.478 285,498 319.980 43.092 * 15.658 27.434 25 to 44

2,689,094 1,313,584 1.375,510 2,483,844 1,218,507 1,265,337 205,250 95,077 110,173 45 to 64.

1.620,845 834,395 786,450 1,543,756 795,199 748,557 77,089 39, 1961 37.893 65 and over

411,961 186,881 225,080 398,781 181,281 217.500 *13,180 *5,600 *7,580 All ages: 1930. 6,930,446 3,472,956 3,457,490 6,589,377 3,304,524 3,284,853 341,069 168,432 172.637 Under 5 years

535.6001 272.438 263,162 508,017 258,656 249,361 27,583 13,782 13,801 5 to 9..

577.284 291,782 285,502 552,381 279.622 272,759 24,903 12.160 12.743 10 to 13.

463.188 233,916 229,272 447,800 226,522 221.278 15,388 7,394 7.994 14 to 19.

711.398 350,087 361.311 686,318 338,899 347,419 25,080 11.188 13.892 20 to 24.

687.417 327,734 359.683 647.688 310,184 337,504 39,729 17.550 22.179 25 to 44.

2,485,396 1,261,860 1,223,5362,325.636 1.180.112 1,145,524 169,760 81.748 78,012 45 to 64.

1.199,674 610,568 589.106 1,156,481 588,104 568,377 43,193 22,464 20,729 65 and over

264,502! 121,5601 142,9421 259,615) 119,6931 139,916 4,8871 1,861) 3,026

Police and Crime Statistics in New York City

Source: The Police Commissioner

Arrests

Arrests
Year
Police Police Year

Police Police (Cal.) Homi- Other Tot, all Force Dept. (Cal.) Homi- Other Tot, all Force Dept. cide Fel.'s Crime

Expend.
cide Fel.'s Crime

Expend.
No. No. NO. No. Dollars

No.

No. NO. No. Dollars 1905... 711 10.716 198,356 8.859/ 12,505,657 1929... 373 12,837 354,610 17,780 48,705,918 1910... 443 7.243 170,681 9.963 15.316,478 1930... 377 13,350 465,576 18,633 60,198,591 1916.. 452 14,044 212,452 10.858 17,364,594 1931.. 433 13.925 477,324 19,333 63,910,28% 1920.. 254 13,319 266,749 10,905 24,595,187 1932.. 449 12,902 516,128 19,333 65,253,948 1921... 261 12,382 272,751 11,507 29,901,379 1933... 420 16,915 460,484 19,333 61,493.887 1922.. 290 12,446 303,451 11.940 30.705,185 1934.. 351 16.613 556,640 19,331 59,211,500 1923.. 295 12,741 301,206 12,720 32,042,223 1935.. 383 16,598 732, 233 19,331| 61,132,154 1924.. 297 13,783 346,270 13,154 33,187,918 1936.. 347 15.338 826,887 19,332 61,429.082 1925.. 338 13,913 333,083 14,150 38,115,479 1937.. 263 15,886 941,789 19,346 64.619,268 1926...306 13,0731 348,402 15,950 41,403,223 1938.. 228 15,393 999,348 19,346 66,606,993 1927.. 282 11.832 416,717| 16.973 45,018,725' 1939.. 241 14,316 1,046,933 19,346 67,154,421 1928... 373 12,609 454,339) 17,769 47,042,346:1940. 295 13,701 895,675 18,748 67,041,871

or those arrested in 1939 accused of major crimes, 60 per cent were unemployed.

Homicides in the City of New York

Source: The Chief Medical Examiner Manhattan-(1922) 201; (1923) 187; (1924) 237; Richmond-(1922) 7; (1923) 6; (1924) 7; (1925) 7; (1925) 231; (1926) 218; '(1927) 220;' (1928) 257: (1926) 3; (1927) 4; (1928) 5; (1929) 2; ' (1930) 6 (1929) 259 (1930) 273; 1931) 333; (1932) 330; (1931) 3; (1932) 13; (1933) 6; (1934) 7; (1935) 3; (1933) 293(1934) 232; (1935) 245; (1936) 234; (1936) 4; (1937) 2; (1938) 3; (1939) 4; (1940) 2. (1937) 231; (1938) 167; (1939) 189; (1940) 173.

Whole City-(1920) 344; (1921) 307; (1922) 350: Brooklyn-(1925) 81 (1926) 82; (1927) 87; (1928) (1923) 303; (1924) 390; (1925) 356; (1926) 344; 92; (1929) 114; (1930) 148; (1931) 124; (1932) 140; (1927) 372; 1928) 399 (1929) 426 (1930) 498 (1533) 138; (1934) 120; (1935) 104(1936) 79; (1937) (1931) 569; (1932) 565; 1933) 524; (1934) 426; 70; (1938) 86; (1939) 72; (1940) 58.

(1935) 427; (1936) 372; (1937) 350; (1938) 294; Bronx--(1924) 33; (1925) 22; (1926) 19; (1927) (1939) 302; (1940) 285. 33; (1928) 23; (1929) 29; (1930) 40; (1931) 70; Killings by police (1921) 12; (1922) 21; (1923) (1932) 42; (1933) 40; (1934) 34; (1935) 39; (1936) 15; (1924) 33, (1925) 15; (1926) 19; (1927) 26; 23; (1937) 22; (1938) 26; (1939) 23: (1940) 35. (1928) 23; (1929) 29; (1930) 37; (1931) 44: (1932)

Queens -(1922) 13; (1923) 20; (1924) 18; (1925) 38; (1933) 40: (1934) 28; (1935) 28; (1936) 24; 15; (1926) 22; (1927) 28; (1928) 22; (1929) 22; (1937) 30; (1938) 22; (1939) 21; (1940) 22. (1930) 31; (1931) 39; (1932) 40; (1933) 47; (1934) Suicides (1940)-Manhattan, 531; Brooklyn, 327; 33; (1935) 36; (1936) 32; (1937) 25; (1938) 12; Bronx, 204; Queens, 204; Richmond, 30; total 5 (1939) 14; (1940) 18.

boroughs 1.296.

Jury Service in New York City

Source: An official of the County Clerk's office The new act provides a uniform jury law for and the deputy of each; the secretary to the the five counties embraced in the City of New

governor York.

3. A member of congress or of the legislature, Section 596 lists the qualifications of jurors, as

or of the city council of the city of New York. follows: In order to be qualified to serve as a 4. A judge of a court of record, or a surrogate. Juror in the counties included with a city having 5. A sherift, under sheriff, or deputy sheriff, a population of one million or more, a person regularly engaged in the performance of his duties, must:

6. The clerk or deputy clerk of any court. 1. Be a citizen of the United States, and a No public officer or employee of the United resident of the county.

States government, or of any state, city or munici2. Be not less than 21, nor more than 70 years pality, or of any political subdivision of any of of age.

them, or of any official board, authority, council, 3. Be the owner, in his or her own right, of commission, corporation, or other agency of any of real or personal property of the value of $250; or them, shall serve on any grand jury. the husband of a woman or wife of a man who is the owner, in his or her own right, of real or

Those Who May Claim Exemption personal property of that value.

Those entitled to exemption from jury service 4. Be in the possession of his natural faculties

are--women, clergymen, physicians, surgeons, surand not infirm or decrepit.

geon dentists, pharmacists, embalmers, optome5. Not have been convicted of a felony or a

trists, attorneys; members of the army, navy, misdemeanor involving moral turpitude.

marine corps, national guard, naval militia; fire6. Be intelligent; of sound mind and good

men, policemen, exempt volunteer firemen; officers character; well informed; able to read and write

of vessels, licensed pilots. Exemptions are based the English language understandingly. A person dwelling or lodging or having or ject to public inspection.

on affidavits filled with the county clerk, and submaintaining a dwelling or lodging in a county for The right to exemption must be claimed at the the greater part of the time between October 1

time of examination for liability to serve as a and June 30 next thereafter, is a resident of that juror. If a person fails to present such claim at county, within the meaning of this section.

such time, he shall be deemed to have walyed the Those Who Are Disqualified

same and cannot be exempted thereafter except

for reasons accruing after the time of examination. Each of the following officers is disqualified to If, however, he claims exemption at the time of serve as a juror:

his examination and is not granted the same, he 1. All elected members of the federal, state and may present such claim for exemption to the city executive departments,

court when drawn for jury service or may review 2. The comptroller; attorney-general; head of such refusal in the manner provided by article 78 a department or head and members of a board. of the civil practice act. council or commission which is the head of a Jurors now serve only once in 2 years. A new law civil department of the federal, state or city requires the checking of prospective jurors' names government; members of the state tax commission; against police records before they are accepted. or the state commission of correction; or the reduces the service required in General Sessions to state industrial board; or the public service and the two weeks required in civil courts of Manhattan transit commissions; the commissioner of educa- and the Bronx and prescribes procedure designed tion; or agriculture and markets, or social welfare to reduce annoyances incidental to jury service.

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