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Civil Service Rules in the City of New York
Source: An Official of the Commission
General Instructions and Conditions
Age and Sex: All examinations are open to both or superintendents, principals, or teachers in a states otherwise.
men and women of all ages unless advertisement public school, academy, or college.
Citizenship and Residence: Candidates must be The Unclassified Service includes elective officers; citizens of the United States and residents of the the officers and employees of the City Council; State of New York at the time of filing applicamembers of the Board of Elections; the head, or tions. In order to be appointed to a position in heads, of any department of the City Government; any branch of the government of the City of New or any person appointed by name in any statute. York, applicants must have been residents of the
The Classified Service is divided into four classes: City of New York for three years at the time of namely:
appointment. Positions in those nine agencies Exempt Class-The Exempt Class includes the which are established under state law or which deputies of principal executive officers authorized employ people outside the city limits are open to by law to act generally for and in place of their
all eligible citizens of the United States but candiprincipals; one secretary of each officer, board, and dates must take up residence in New York State commission authorized by law to appoint a secre- prior to receiving appointment. tary; one clerk and one deputy clerk, if author
Military Service: Candidates who have entered ized by law, of each court, and one clerk of each the military, naval or marine service of the United elective judicial officer.
States, must within thirty days of induction into Non-Competitive Class-Includes all those po
such service, or of filing application if already in sitions of a minor nature, in the city institutions service, notify the Civil Service Commission of such or elsewhere, that it is not practicable to fill through competitive examination.
Refunds: There is no fee charged for the appliPositions in the Non-Competitive Class
cation. Candidates whose applications are rejected
are filled as a result of the examinations held by the Comptroller's office, one month after the
will receive a refund of their fees from the
to approval or rejection by the amination is held. Municipal Civil Service Commission.
Notarization: All applications must be notarized Labor Class Includes all unskilled laborers
except in the case of promotion examinations. and such skilled laborers as are not included in
Applicants for all positions in the Competitive the competitive or non-competitive classes.
and the Labor Classes are required to take a mediCompetitive Class-Includes all positions in cal and physical examination. the classified Service (excepting those in the Applicants for Labor Class positions that require Exempt, Non-Competitive or the Labor Class) previous training or experience must take an oral, for which it is practicable to determine the merit and fitness of the applicant by competitive exami
or practical test; written examinations, generally
to determine whether the candidate is able to read nation.
and write English, are given to applicants in the Filing Applications for Positions in Competitive Labor Class. Class---Applications for positions in the Competi- The headquarters of the Commission are in No. tive and Labor classes will be issued and received 299 Broadway; applications distributed and reonly for the position or positions advertised, and ceived in No. 96 Duane St. only during the period specified by the commission As of July 1, 1941, there were about 150,000 emin such advertisement. Advertisements for the ployees in the governmental units serviced by the various examinations appear in the prominent'City of New York Civil Service Commission.
Pensions for Employees of City of New York
Source: The Citizens Budget Commission, Inc.
The City maintains five other pension funds
1920-1939, was $262,499,201; the total expenditures
The New York Municipal Airport (LaGuardia Field)
Source: An Official of the Field The New York Municipal Airport (LaGuardia / marked by green range lights and at the end of Field), costing $42,000,000 and considered the each runway are two narrow-beam floodlights, largest project of its kind in the world, occupies the each of 742 million candlepower. site of an old amusement park, North Beach, L. I.,
A control desk in the airways traffic control tower where a small, privately-owned field had been con
atop the landplane Administration Building is the
nerve center of the entire network of lights. An structed in 1929, utilized principally by private fly
airport in miniature is on this control desk, on ers. With condemned land purchased to the south
which tiny lights go on and off with the contact west of that field, and the filling in of a portion of
lights, traffic lights and flood lights on the field. Bowery Bay, Rikers Island Channel and Flushing
All radio receivers, including those of the airport Bay, plans were made to increase the original field itself and the airlines using the field, are located site to 558 acres, of which about 357 acres are man- on Rikers Island, to eliminate electrical interfermade. For this task a force of 5,000 men was ence from automobiles and machinery at the field. employed, working three shifts a day, six days a LaGuardia Field has the heaviest air passenger week. When building construction started the traffic in the world--an average of 270 regularly force increased to a peak of 23,000 early in 1939. scheduled airliners arriving or departing daily, car
There are four great runways for land planes, rying an average of approximately 4.000 passengers. the longest, running northwest and southeast, At the busiest period of the day (around 5 P.M.) being 6,000 feet in length and 200 feet wide; No. 2, an airliner arrives or departs every minute. There running northeast and southwest, is 5,000 feet long are 4,500 employees on the airport, with an average and 200 feet wide. Runway No. 3, running east payroll of $8,500,000. During the year 1940, the and west, and No. 4, running north and south, are seventh huge land plane hangar was completed 4,500 feet and 3,532 feet long respectively. Both (cost $1,400,000), as well as the Eastern Regional are 150 feet wide.
Office Building and hangar for the Civil AeronauOffices of the United States Weather Bureau and tics Administration (cost $450,000). The loading the two departments of the Civil Aeronautics and dispatch of planes is accomplished from a Administration-Air Traffic Communications and huge loading deck handling twenty-five planes at Air Traffic Control-are located on the third floor one time, all within view of a 1,500-foot-long obof the Administration Building from which offices servation deck used by spectators, access to which all air traffic in the northeastern part of the United is gained by ten-cent turnstiles. There are well States is coordinated.
over a million paid admissions yearly. The extreme western portion of the airport is There are three large restaurants on the field occupied by the Marine Terminal, to the south and seating over 1,500 people at one time. LaGuardia west of which is the marine terminal hangar, a Field is almost a small air city, having its own five-sided building of such dimensions that two branch post office, a branch bank, a branch stock regulation sized football fields could be laid out broker, and several shops that are branches of on its floor and occupied at the same time. А well known New York stores. The airlines operatsecond large seaplane hanger is (1941) in process ing from LaGuardia Field are American Airlines, of construction. Giant clipper planes in the Transcontinental and Western Air, United Airlines, European or Bermuda trade land or take off on Canadian Colonial Airlines, Eastern Airlines, Pan seaplane operating channels or on Long Island American Airways, American Export Airlines and Sound, reached through a taxi-strip of water. Transcanada Airlines. Airmail letters can be
At night the buildings are marked out by red mailed at any hour at LaGuardia Field day or lights; the runways bordered by contact lights 200 night, and are forwarded immediately on the next feet apart. The ends of the four runways are plane to their destination.
Air Mail Time, N. Y. City to Foreign Places
Source: United States Government Foreign Air Mail Service; schedules are as of Aug. 11, 1939
Air mail service to Mexico, Central and South America, West Indies Antigua (2); Buenos Aires (4); Cordoba (5); Haiti (1); Tegucigalpa, Honduras (1); Kingston, Aruba (2); Nassau, Bahamas (1);
Jamaica (1); Port of Spain (2); Bermuda (1); La Paz (3);
Martinique (2); Mexico City (1); Tampico (1); Curacao (2); Para, Brazil (2);
Panama (2); Paraguay, via Buenos Aires (4-5); (2); Bogota (2); Costa Rica (1); Cuba (1);
Lima, Peru (2); Puerto Rico (1); Paramaribo, SuriDominica to Antigua (thence by ordinary means)
nam (3), Uruguay, via Buenos Aires (4-5); Mara(2); Quito, Ecuador (2); Guadeloupe (2); Guate
caibo, Venezuela (2); mala (1);
Newfoundland-Via Moncton, Can. (3).
Guinea (21-22); Straits Settlements (Sydney), via Singapore (12), via Auckland (8); China
via Hong Kong (8), via Singapore (11-13); Bang(Hong Kong) (8);
French Indo-China kok (13) (Hanoi) (13); Rangoon 14); Calcutta (14-15); Iraq (16); Alexandria (17); Khartoum (19); Delhi (14-15); Karachi (14-15);
New York General Post Office
Source: An Official of the Establishment The New York General Post Office, with juris- poses. The site, including Mail Street, thereupon diction over Manhattan and the Bronx, covers the was restored to and became a part of City Hall two city blocks, 31st Street to 33rd Street, Eighth Park. Avenue to Ninth Avenue. The main entrance is The Grand Central Annex, Lexington Ave. and on Eighth Avenue. Postmaster-Albert Goldman. 45th St.. handles the mail over the N. Y, Central Assistants-Charles Lubin and John W. Lynch. and New Haven Railroads, in addition to local
Mail Deliveries-Manhattan Borough, 3 to 4: business in that district. The Foreign Section is in Bronx Borough, 2 to 3; Suburban, 2 to 3. Mail the Morgan Annex, 9th Ave., 29th to 30th Sts. Collections Manhattan Borough, 10 to 26; Bronx The Bronx Central Annex is on Grand Concourse Borough, 7 to 11; Suburban, 4 to 5.
between 149th and 150th Streets. On October 3, 1937, City Hall Annex, formerly The New York Post Office (June, 1941) has 77 the old General Post Office, at Park Row and classified stations, and 92 contract stations. There Broadway, and Hudson Terminal Annex, at 30 are 21,970 employees. The Postal Receipts in the Church St., were discontinued and their activities year ended June 30, 1941, were $77.736,235. transferred to the Church St. Annex, in the New Every day, on the average, the oflice received, Federal Office Building at 90 Church St. The City delivered and dispatched 16,500,000 pieces of ordiHall Annex, which formerly had housed also the nary mail; and weighed and dispatched 290,000 Federal Courts, was sold to the City of New York pounds of newspapers and periodicals (at pound for $1, in August, 1938, and the work of demolish- rates) and 70,000 insured and C.O.D. parcel post ing the 68-year-old structure was completed in packages. 1939. The land reverted to the City, having been The New York Post Office dispatches mail for granted to the use of the Federal government for U. S. Naval Vessels, and the U. S. Naval Station only so long as it was used actually for federal pur- at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
The Flag of the City of New York
Source: Oficial Records The official city flag tells the story of the origin a spread eagle, distinctly American, The date 1664 and early history of the city-founded by the Dutch is the year of transfer from Dutch to English in 1626 as "New Amsterdam." It was renamed sovereignty. New York in 1664 and a year later, on June 24,
The Mayor has an official flag, the samne in design
as the fiag of the City, except that upon the middle 1665, the municipal government was formally
or white bar there are above the design of the seal. transferred to the Mayor and Board of Aldermen
in & semi-circle, five blue five-pointed stars, typiol the City of New York, as successors in office of fying the five boroughs of the City; the dimensions the Burgomasters and Schepens of the City of of the flag are 33 inches by 44 inches. New Amsterdam.
The Bronx flag. in use it is stated since March, The colors in the flag are Dutch-blue, white and 1912, has orange, white and blue in horizontal orange in perpendicular bars, the same which bars, with a design in center encircled by a laurel floated over the Island of Manhattan more than 300
wreath greater in diameter than the width of the
white stripe. The crest upon a hemisphere is an years ago. The colors are exact, a pure indigo blue
American eagle with wings displayed, the shield in use in 1662 and the distinctive color of the
is a sun rising from the sea and upon a ribbon Prince of Orange.
beneath the shield are the words "Ne cede malis." The seal of the City which is the device on the The Queens Borough flag adopted by the borough middle or white bar of the flag stamped in blue itself on June 3. 1913 (without official recognition contains in a central position the wings of a by ordinance) has two blue stripes separated by windmill, with a flour barrel on each flank, denot. a white stripe horizontally. A circle of wampum ing the early industry of Manhattan. The sailor in the center of the flag within which are a tulip at the left symbolizes its sea-borne trade. He is of the Dutch, and a double red and white rose of dressed in garments of the English sailor of that the English. At the upper left-hand corner of the period, in his right hand is a line and plumet and flag is Queen Catharine's crown for whom the above his right shoulder is a cross-staff. At the borough was named, and the date 1898 signifying other side of the shield stands a Manhattan the year in which the borough became a part of Indian, with characteristic bow and head-dress, the Greater City of New York. The beaver at the top and bottom of shield was The Police Department has its own flag adopted the native animal of Manhattan and indicates in 1919 and the Department of Public Charities work as well as industry and trade. The crest is (now Welfare) adopted a flag in 1908.
THE NEW YORK CITY HALL The first City Hall was the Stadt Huys, at No. 73 The Governor's Room is so called because it Pearl St., a stone building, erected in 1642 by Gov. was set apart for the Governor's use when he Kieft at the West India Company's expense, used
should be in the city.
In the Governor's Room may be seen Trumbull's first as a warehouse and tavern. In 1653, when the
portraits of Washington and Hamilton, also other Burgher government was established, the tavern
portraits of Governors, Mayors, and eminent was converted into the Stadt Huys, or City Hall.
Americans, by Trumbull and other artists. also The original 5-lb. key which fitted the lock of
the chair in which Washington was inaugurated 73 Pearl Street in 1642 was presented to Mayor first president of the United States, the desk on LaGuardia on July 18, 1941 by Richard S. Palmer,
which he penned his first message to Congress, a descendant of City Controller Thomas Palmer
and several of the chairs used by the First ConThe second City Hall stood on the northeast
gress, brought from Federal Hall (second City corner of Nassau and Wall Sts. The site is now
Hall). before mentioned: a bust of Henry Clay. occupied by the United States Subtreasury build
Among the historic associations of City Hall ing.
Park was the reading of the Declaration of IndeThe old edifice, begun Aug. 9, 1699, and finished
pendence to the American Army there assmbled in 1703 from designs by James Evetts, architect, July 9, 1776 -an event commemorated by a tablet was not only the seat of municipal government on the south front of the building. but also of the provincial government when the On Monday, Aug. 16, 1824, when william PauldState Legislature met in New York, and of the ing (nephew of Andre's captor) was Mayor, Lafay. Federal Government during the first year after ette was received there after a brilliant reception the inauguration therein oi Washington as First at the Battery and some ceremonies at Castle President of the United States.
Garden. In August, 1858, the laying of the Atlantic The cornerstone of the third and present City cable was celebrated by an illumination of the City Hall was laid by Mayor Edward Livingston. May Hall, from which the building caught fire. The 26, 1803. The plans were by McComb & Mangin. front was blackened with smoke and the windows The building was formally dedicated on May 5,
remained boarded up for a long time. 1812, although the Common Council had met there During the visit of Albert Edward (then Prince as early as Aug. 12, 1811. The edifice is in the style
of Wales, and late King of England) to this of the Italian Renaissance, 216 feet long by 105 feet
country in 1860 he was received at the City Hall. deep. The south front and sides are of Stockbridge President Lincoln's body lay there in state, in (Mass.) marble, but the rear was built of brown- 1865, after his assassination. stone. City Hall Park in Dutch colonial days was
In more recent years, the Prince of Wales, the De Vlackte (the flat) and in British colonial times King and Queen of the Belgians, Marshal Joffre was variously called the Fields, and the Common.
of France, Gen. Pershing. Col. Charles A. LindBesides the executive offices of the Mayor, Presi- bergh and many other notables have been redent of the Council and the Art Commission, the ceived at the City Hall. Board of Estimate and Council Chambers, the There have been several summer City Halls, the building contains one room of unusual interest latest in Queens Borough, overlooking the World's the Governor's Room.
Fair Lake north of Forest Hills,
THE MUNICIPAL BUILDING The building begun in 1910 and occupied in 1913, shape of pilasters of the same height as the cost $11,787,213. It faces west on Center St. and columns. east on Park Row. Its extreme north-and-south Above this surrounding colonnade of columns dimension is 450 feet; east-and-west, 300 feet. and pilasters comes the main wall surface of the
Number of stories in height. including tower building, which is treated with vertical bands, and stories, 40. Total height from curb to top of figure. the colonnade is echoed at the top of the building 580 feet. Estimated weight 377.320,000 pounds. | by one of less height. Total cubical contents, 19,490.000 cubic feet. From the middle of the court on the eastern
Maximum depth of caisson foundations below side rises the tower, which has been given a curb, 147 feet.
municipal character; that is, one in consonance The basement, having an area of two and one- with the tower of the City Hall, and of a character eighth acres, is utilized in part as a station for the that has been used equently in city halls in this subway, which runs directly underneath the build- country and abroad.
The copper figure surmounting the tower repre. Chambers St. runs through the middle of the sents Civic Fame, and is that of a woman in a building, and the court is closed on the western flowing robe Her height is 20 feet and she is elevation by an open screen of columns, which posed on a copper ball. serve the purpose of binding together the north Her left hand holds a mura! crown of five and south pavilions of the building.
parapets, representing the five boroughs. surThis colonnade rises to an average height of 70 rounded by dolphins, emblem of a sea port. On feet, and is to be crowned by colossal figures. The her right arm is a shield on which is the city's colonnade is continued around the building in the coat of arms
Area of New York City
Source: Chief Engineer's Bureau, Board of Estimate (The geographic center of the City is in Brooklyn, on the lot line in the block midway between Van
Buren Street and Greene Avenue, 200 feet west of Reid Avenue) The City (five boroughs) of New York has an miles, breadth 10.3 miles; Queens, length 15.1 extreme length, north and south, of 36 miles; and miles, breadth 13.7 miles; Richmond, length 15.5 an extreme breadth of 162 miles, measuring from miles, breadth 7.0 miles. the North River along 23d Street, Manhattan, and The area of the incoporated city of New York, thence to the easterly border of Queens Borough. according to the Chief Engineer is, in square miles,
From the western border of the Borough of Rich- as follows: Manhattan, 22.24; Brooklyn, 74.47; mond to the eastern border of Queens Borough, Bronx, 42.82; Queens, '110.78; Richmond, 60.53; the distance is 25 miles.
total city, 310.84.. Manhattan Borough is 1212 miles long and its By acres, the areas of the boroughs are as follows: extreme breadth is 212 miles; Bronx, length 8.1 Manhattan, 14,240; Bronx, 27,406; Brooklyn, 47,660; miles, breadth 9.2 miles; Brooklyn, length 11.5l Queens, 70,898; Richmond, 38,738; total-198,942.
DISTANCES IN THE CITY OF NEW YORK (FROM THE CITY HALL)
City Hall To City Hall To
& Webster Av. Spring St.
9 E. 159th St. 12% E. 205th St. 1 E. Houston St 5% E. 83rd St.
9% E. 164th St. 13 E. 208th St. 1% E. 4th St.
E. 88th St.
E. 166th St. 1344 Wil'msbridge 11 E. 9th St. 5% E. 93rd St. 9% E, 168th St.
Sta. 1% E. 14th St. 6 E. 97th St. 10 E. 170th St.
13% Jerome Av. & 2 E. 19th St. 6% E, 102nd St.
Woodl'n Rd. 2% E. 24th St. 6% E. 107th St. 10% E. 174th St. 1374
Jerome Av. & 21 E. 29th St. 6% E. 112th St.
Mt. Vern. Ay. E. 34th St.
E. 117th St. 11 E. 179th St. 14 Jerome Av. & 3 E. 38th St. 7% E. 122nd St. 11% E. 182nd St.
E. 233rd St. 3% E. 44th St.
7% E. 128th St. 11 E. 186th St. 14% E. 237th St. & 317 E, 49th St. 7% E. 134th St.
Mt. Vern. Ay. 3% E. 54th St.
8 E. 139th St. 12 E. 195th St. 14% E, 239th St. E. 58th St.
E. 199th St. 14% City line. 4% E. 63rd St. It is three-quarters of a mile from the Battery to is 1 mile; Grand Street is 246 miles; Houston Street City Hall.
is 278 miles; F urteenth Street is 29 miles; It is half a mile from the Custom House, at Twenty-third Street is 23 miles; Inwood 18 34
mile. Bowling Green, to the City Hall.
From Twenty-third Street northward to One The distance across the city: At Battery Place is Hundred and Twenty-fifth Street the width of the 13 mile; Fulton Street is 34 mile; Chambers Street island averages from 2 to 244 miles.
ALTITUDES IN NEW YORK CITY
Data marked with * relate to street elevations. Manhattan:
Richmond: 1. Fort Washington Avenue at W. 183rd
1. Windsor Road between Todt Hill Road St. (Washington Heights)
and Little Clove Road
264 2. Fort Washington Avenue at W. 184th
2. Highest point in the city, south of St. (Washington Heights)
the intersection of Todt Hill Road 3. Fort Washington Avenue at W. 190th
and Ocean Terrace, 300' S.w. of St. (Washington Heights)
Todt Hill Road and 540' s. of Ocean 4. Audubon Avenue at W. 193rd
Coordinate position w.
Brooklyn: 5. Fort Washington at W. 184th St. (nat
1. Prospect Park West and 18th St. ural surface
2. Barbey Street and Highland Blvd. 6. Inwood Hill Park (natural surface) 230
near the entrance to Forest Park The Bronx:
3. Greenwood cemetery, Highway monu1. Grosvenor Avenue at W. 252nd St.
ment on a cemetery road inside the (Riverdale)
9th Ave. gate, on Reservoir Hill.. 216.5 2. University Ave. at Strong St. (Kings
162 1. Southerly Service Roadway, Grand 3. Mosholu Parkway North at West Gun
Central Parkway, at Station 374 +00
near Glen Oaks Club house 1.650 4. Private property within the loop of
feet east of Little Neck Parkway Grovenor Avenue north of w. 250th
and 2,000 feet west of Nassau
Todt Hill, Staten Island, rises from the Rich- Cortlandt Park, 193.39; Riverdale Ave. and Spuyten mond Road at Dongan Hilis on the rapid transit Duyvil Parkway, 178.49; Grand Boulevard and railway, and overlooks New Dorp and the Moravian Concourse, and E. 199th st., 148.64; Hall of Fame Cemetery, where the Vanderbilis lie buried. This Terrace, at University Ave., 170.32; Poe Park, E. is the highest point on the Atlantic Coast south 1920 st., 140.22; east approach to Washington of Maine,
Bridge, at University and Aqueduct Aves., 141.63. Other elevations in Manhattan above sea level, Other Brooklyn altitudes are: Base of the expressed in feet and decimals thereof, are: Cus- Museum on Eastern Parkway, at Washington Ave., tom House, 17.06: Bowling Green, 21.75: Pine St. 163.44; 9th Ave. (Prospect Park West). 32 feet and Broadway. 40.78; Municipal Building. 41.61; south of 14th St., 155.34; Prospect Park West City Hall, 44.74; Astor Place, 43.01: Union Square, and 5th St., 162.16: Union St., Plaza, at Flatbush 45.73; Columbus Circle, 86.64; Central Park near Ave., 146.29; 59th st. and 5th Ave., 116.96. W. 93rd St., 114.14; Amsterdam Ave., at Trinity The highest track elevation (altitude above Mean Cemetery, 148.73; Audubon Ave., at W. 174th St.. High Water at base of rail) on the subways is 161.2 185.92; Wadsworth Ave. near W. 1828 st., 188.33 feet, on the Washington Heights Line at Fort High Bridge water tower, at the street level. Washington Avenue and 175th Street (8th Ave., 203.25.
subway system). The highest natural elevation in the Bronx-284 The lowest track elevation (depth below Mean feet 6 inches-is on the hill bounded by Iselin Ave., High Water at base of rail is 113.12 feet under the Highland Ave., and w. 250th St., Riverdale Hill East Channel of the East River on the 60th Street Other Bronx altitudes are: Jerome Ave., near E. River Tunnels of the B.M.T. Broadway-7th Ave. 233d St., 210.73; Jerome and Mosholu Aves., Van 60th St.-Queens Line.
The New York City Transit System
Source: Officials of the Board of Transportation The New York City Transit System is the largest company properties totalled $326,248,187, including municipally owned and operated transit property in $9.250,000 for the elevated lines condemned for the United States. It is the sole owner and oper
removal. Just previous to acquiring title to the ator of all the subway and elevated lines in the
privately owned lines, the City, through conCity of New York and the owner and operator of
demnation proceedings took title to the Fulton St.
and 5th Ave. "L" Lines in Brooklyn and the 9th trolley and bus lines in the Borough of Brooklyn,
and 2nd Ave. "L" Lines in Manhattan. The some of which extend into the Boroughs of Queens structures of the 9th Ave. "L" Line south of 155th and Manhattan, It has under its operating juris- St. station, and the 2nd Ave. "L" Line north of diction slightly less than 250 route miles of rapid the Queensboro connection, (59th St.), in Mantransit lines, almost 225 route miles of trolley lines, hattan have been demolished and the structures and 80 miles of bus routes. Subsequent to June 30, of the Fulton St. and 5th Ave. "L" Lines in 1941, four of the trolley lines were motorized and Brooklyn are being demolished. four other lines were in process of motorization. The New York City Transit System operates in
The New York City Transit System is the result Manhattan, Brooklyn, Bronx and Queens Borof the Unification in June, 1940, of two of the oughs, under the administration of the Board of large privately owned transit companies with the Transportation. For operating purposes, the entire City owned and operated Independent Subway Sys- System has been divided into three divisions known tem. The purchase price of the privately owned as the IRT. BMT and IND Divisions.
INDEPENDENT DIVISION Trunk Lines-From 211th St. and Broadway, Fulton St.-Brooklyn Line - The Fulton St. line, down Broadway to the vicinity of Dyckman St.. running from Lafayette Ave, and Ft. Greene Place, southwesterly to 193d St. and Overlook Terrace; along Fulton St. to Rockaway Ave., went into down Ft. Washington Ave. to 174th St.
operation on April 9, 1936. It connects at Rockaway Thence southeasterly to Broadway and 173rd St., Avenue with the Fulton Street Line of the BMT down Broadway to St. Nicholas Ave., down St. Division. The construction of an extension to the Nicholas Ave, to Eighth Ave. and 122nd St., down Fulton St. Subway from Rockaway Ave. to Grant Eighth Ave. and into Central Park West, along the Ave. and Sunrise Highway is in progress. Park wall, skirting Columbus Circle, down Eighth Bronx-Concourse Line-From a connection with Ave. again to 53rd St. where it joins the Queens the Washington Heights Line at St. Nicholas Line to Jamaica.
Ave. and 148th St., under St. Nicholas Place to From 53d St, the trunk line goes down Eighth the Harlem River at 157th St., under the river to Ave. to a junction at Sixth Ave., Carmine St. and Jerome Ave. and 161st St., under 16 1st St. to the Houston St., where the lower East Side link extends Concourse and under the Concourse to Mos halu through Houston St. toward the Bowery, eastward Parkway. Thence the line turns easterly through to Essex St., to Rutgers St., the East River to Van Cortlandt Ave. to 205th St., to Webster Ave. Brooklyn.
The Bronx Concourse line to 205th St, and Webster From the junction of Sixth Ave. and Carmine Ave., was put in service on July 1, 1933. St. the line continues down the Sixth Ave, exten- The 53rd St.-Jamaica Line extends from a consion to the Holland Tunnel. Crossing over to nection to the 8th Ave. line at 53rd St., to Long IsLispenard and Church Sts., it continues southerly land City; thence via Jackson Ave., Steinway Ave., to Fulton St., and passes under the East River to Broadway, Queens Boulevard, 137th St., Hillside Cranberry St., Brooklyn. The line was put in oper- Ave., to 169th St. A part of the line, extending ation from 207th St. to Fulton St. on Sept. 10, 1932. from 8th Ave., Manhattan, to Roosevelt Ave..
From Cranberry St. the line proceeds through Queens, went in operation on Aug. 19, 1933. The High St., to Jay St., to Smith st., Ninth St. to portion from Roosevelt Ave. to Union Turnpike was Prospect Park West, where tracks branch.
put in operation on Dec. 31, 1936, and to 169th St. The express tracks pass under the westerly cor- on April 24, 1937. ner of Prospect Park and thence to McDonald Ave., The Houston-Essex St. Line extending along where it eventually will be physically connected Houston St. and Essex St. from Sixth Ave. to with the existing Culver Line to Coney Island, The East Broadway, was put in operation January 1, part from Fulton St., Manhattan, to Jay St.. 1936. The extension of this line across the East Brooklyn, was put in operation on Feb. 1, 1933; train River via the Rutgers-Jay St. tunnel to York St. service extended to Bergen St., Brooklyn, on March station (Brooklyn), was put in operation April 9. 20, 1933; to Church Ave., Brooklyn, on Oct. 7, 1933. 1936.
Another line enters Brooklyn through Jay Street The 6th Ave. Line-The 6th Ave. Line extends
At the intersection of Schermerhorn and Smith with the Washington Heights and Concourse Lines.
management started May 15, 1941.
Joralemon St.; under the East River to Battery Another branch of the west side system starts at Park, Manhattan; under Broadway, to Park Row, Flatbush and Nostrand Aves.,, Brooklyn, and runs to the Brooklyn Bridge, to Lafayette St.. to Fourth in a subway through Nostrand Ave. to the Eastern Ave.; to 42nd St. (Grand Central Station); to Parkway, where it joins the other branch.
Lexington Ave. to 130th St.; thence under the At 96th St. and Broadway, the west side system Harlem River to Mott Ave. to 149th St., where it has a branch (part of the original Interborough emerges onto an elevated structure, to Westchester subway) that extends under Central Park to Lenox Ave., to the Southern Boulevard, to the southern Ave., to 145th St., and under the Harlem River to part of Bronx Park (Bronx Zoo). 149th St., where it joins the east side trunk line An extension of the east side system starts at on Westchester Ave. and the Southern Boulevard. Mott Ave. and 138th St, and goes through 138th Just south 01 Bronx Park an extension on an St, to the Southern Boulevard: to Whitlock Ave. elevated structure, branches off and goes along to Westchester Ave., and through Old Westchester White Plaiis Road to 241st St.; also used by Third Village to the Eastern Boulevard, at the west side Ave. "L" trains north of Gun Hill Road. There is of Pelham Bay Park.