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Page

Page
Trotting Association, Nat'l.
563 U. S., Area, Population..

337
and Pacing Records.

.928, 929
by States, Land and Water.

379
Troy City

625
Army

99, 101
(N, Y.), Wage Earners, Wages, Product

Air Force

101
Value

397
Camps

93-98
Weights & Measures

708, 709
Composition

90
Trucks, Motor, Operations

945
Corps Areas

100
(Motor), Production, U. S.

500
Generals

92
Trunking Association, American

563
Gun Salutes

92
Trusts, Public, U. S.

477-479
Lieutenant Generals

92
Tuberculosis Ass'n, Nat'l

563
Medical Library

736
Deaths, Rates, N. Y. State

405
Medical Museum

736
Tudor, House of

679

Navy Aviation Appropriations. 104
Tungsten

506
Pay

91
Tunis, Area, Pop., Descriptive.
230, 231 Automobile Production

500
Tunnels, World

Registration, by States. 501
Turkey,' Area, Pop., Descriptive.

260, 261
Bankruptcy Laws

.303
Army, Air Force

101

Banks, Assets, Liabilities, by States 518
Military Service

261
Beet Sugar Production.

.487
Rulers of

688
Births, Rates

.581
Turkeys on Farms, Value, U. S..

489
Book Production

528
Turkmen S. S. R., Area, Pop., Descrip. 261, 262

Bureau of Engraving and Printing

.751
Turners, American

563
Cabinet Members, Salaries.

749-751
Twilight, Time of, by Months, 1942

146-157
Officers, 1789-1940.

321-751
Tyler, John, and Wives, Biographies of 329

Canals, Cargo Traffic.
Typewriting Records, World

849
Capital Issues

.517
Typothetae of America, United

563
Census Returns

586-624
Tyre

.625
Circuit Courts of Appeals

. 752
Citizenship Defined

.297
Civil Service

766
U
Coal Production

509
Coast Guard

84, 106
USHA

822
Line

.753
USIS

827
Coke Production

.509
USMC

831
Comptroller General

.751
USTB

833
Congress, Members, Salaries

755-758
USTC

829
Constitution, Amendments

312-318
Uganda Protectorate, Area, Pop., Descrip... 193,202

Index

.319
Ukranian S. S. R., Area, Pop., Descrip.. 261, 262

Continental Limits

191
Ulster (see Northern Ireland)

Copyright Law

.305
Underwriters Associations

563
Court of Claims

753
Unemployment Insurance, N. Y. State

402
Courts

752, 753
Trust Fund, U. S...

819
Crime Statistics

.946
Unfederated Malay States, Area, Pop.,

Crops, Chief

484-490
Descriptive
193, 201 Customs Claims Litigation

305
Union Islands, Area, Pop..

and Internal Revenue Receipts. 847
of South Africa, Area, Pop., Descrip.. 193, 202

and Patent Appeals Court

753
Government

202
Receipts

.847
Minerals

202
Deaths, Rates

581-585
Soviet Socialist Republics

Debt

.521
(see U. S. S. R.)

Defense Expenditures

83, 85
Stock Yards, Chicago

467
Dependencies, Descriptive

374-377
Unitarian Church Officials

Descriptive

337-341
United Amateur Press Ass'n

564
District Courts

752, 753
American War Veterans of the U. S. 563

Expenditures

521
Brethren in Christ, Officials

575
Exports

494
Hospital Fund of N. Y.

563
Families, Average Size

598
Kingdom, Churches

196, 197
Farm Employment

485
Descriptive

195-198
Federal Reserve Banks Operations.

519
Emigration, Immigration

197
Flag, Origin, Proper Display

113
Mineral Resources

197
Geology

339
Pop., by Sex
193 Gold Exports. Imports

512
Shipping Tonnage

197
Production

511
Vessels Launched

661
Reserve

512
Press Associations

564
Government

338
Provinces (India), Area, Pop.

200
Employees

.766
Universalist Church Officials

575
Personnel, Payroll

766
General Convention

564
Roster

749-751
Universities, Canadian

543

Highway Appropriations, by States. 501
Colors

547-551
Hospitals, Capacity

.579

Endowments

546

House of Representatives, Members,
Enrollment

534
Salaries

756-758
Finances
551 House of Representatives, Speakers

324
Foreign, When Founded

529
Housing Authority

822
(Year Organized. Governing Official.

Construction

578
Students. Teachers)

535-543
by States

598
University of Chicago Chapel

467
Immigration Law

300, 301
the State of New York

405
Quotas, Origins

595
Urandi Area, Pop., Descriptive

217
Impeachments

309
Uranus, Planet

169
Imports

494
Uruguay, Area, Pop., Descriptive.

265

Income, National, by Industrial Divisions 520
Army, Air Force

101

Tax Collections, by States
Military Service

265
Payments, by States

520
U.S.S.R.. Area, Pop.

261, 262
Returns

524
Army, Air Force.

101
Information Service

827
Budget

264, 265

Internal Revenue Collections, by States 522
Cabinet

263

Sources

524
Commissariats

263
Land Grants, to States.

.481
Communist Party

263
Lumber Production

768
Descriptive

261-265
Expenditures

Man Power
264

89
Military Service

Marine Corps
264

104
Pop., Estimated

Maritime Commission
612

831
Receipts

Merchant Fleet
.264

.661
War With Germany. (see War Chron-

Marine

503
ology)

65-80
Military Academy

101
U. S., Alien Registry

952
Appropriations

100
Anti-Trust Laws

307
Expenditures

100
Appropriations

Posts, Camps.

93. 98

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U.S. Mineral Prod., 1905-1939
.506 Vermont, Descriptive, .

369
Production, by States

507
Election Returns

807
Products. by States.. .505, 506 Inheritance Tax Law

295, 296
Monetary Standards

513
Pop., Cities

611
Money Stocks

511
Counties

.623
National Defense
.81-83 Veterans Associations

.564
Administration 84, 85 Veterinary Medical Ass'n, Amer.

.564
Guard
99, 100 Vice-President, Salary

.749
Wealth
517 Vice-Presidents, U. S.

324
Nationality, Loss of
297, 298 Vicksburg National Military Park

356
Naturalization Certificates Issued
301 Victoria Province, Area, Pop..

.193
Naval Academy

105
Violin Tones, Cremona

.698
Appropriations
104 Violinists, Bygone

688
Aviation Shore Establishments 104
Virgin Islands, Descriptive.

377
Expenditures

103
Purchase

340
Navy

102, 103 Virginia, Area, Pop., Rank
Education System

369, 370
105
Dare

362, 627
Gun Salutes

92
Descriptive

369, 370
Pay

91
Election Returns

808
Ship Construction

.82, 83
Inheritance Tax Law

296
Olice of Production Management 81-84

Museum of Fine Arts

743
Patent Appeals Court.

753
Pop., Cities

611, 612
Law, Summary

304
Counties

623
Pension Statistics

107
Visa Requirements, U. S.

289, 299
Petroleum Production, Value.

510
Visibility at Sea

657
Population

586-624
Vitamin Allowance, Daily

493
Est., 1945-1980

586
Content, Food

492, 493
Age Groups, Sex.

591
Vladimir, Grand Dukes of

680
Sex, Color

590
Vocabularies, English

530
Cities, by States

599-612
Vocational Ass'n, American

564
Rank by States

588
Education

531
1790-1940

624
Rehabilitation

817
Urban, Rural

.589

Volcanoes, Active
White, by Sex

592

Volume and Units of
President's Salary

. 707
749

.568
Prisons

Volunteers of America
946

Officials

.575
Public Health Service
579, 821 Vosges Tunnel

672
Lands

.481
Libraries

.794
Vote, Electoral, 1789-1820
527
1904-1940

812
Railroads, Statistics

498, 499
President, U. S.

769-814
Receipts

521
Rivers

Presidential, Popular, 1940-1828 813, 814
337, 662-664
Voting Qualifications, by States

..851
Selective Service

88-90
Senate, Members, Salaries

755

W
Shipbuilding

82, 83

WPA
Silver Exports, Imports..

835, 836
512
Wage Earners, Wages, Chicago.

472-474
Production

511

Illinois

.452-454
States, Territories, Origin of Names 341

N. Y. City

426
Sugar Production..

.487

State 396, 397
Supreme Court

.752

U. S., by States 282, 283
Justices

320
and Hour Law.

119, 826, 827
* Tarifi Commission
829 ". Law. Minimum, N. Y. State

.401
Territorial Expansion
Wages, Factory, N. Y. State.

.401
Judges

753
Farm, U. S.

.483
Territories, Chron. List.

378 Wagner Act

118, 119, 120, 841
Descriptive

372-374 Wake and Midway Islands, Descriptive. 374, 357
Topography
337 Wales, Area, Pop..

193
Trade, Foreign
495, 496 * Sovereigns and Princess

.680
Foreign, Economic Classes.

496
Walking Records, 1941.

.929
With Latin America
274 Wall of China, Great.

677
Marks, Law

304
Street Bombing.

637
Retail

497
Wallabout Channel, N. Y. Harbor

.448
Wholesale

497
Travel Bureau
Wallace, Henry A., Biography

335
833
Walt Whitman Soc. of Amer.

564
Truck (Motor) Production

500
Vice-President, Salary
Walther League, International

.564
749

War of 1812
Vice-Presidents

630, 631
324
1812, Gen. Soc. of

564
War and Other Appropriations

91
War with Germany

of Africa, (Libya, Ethiopia, Egypt,

40-41
** Italy

Italian Somaliland, Eritrea). See

40
Japan

Chronology

49-63; 71, 73; 79-80
40-44
Mexico

Appropriations, U. S..
632
chronology

49-80
Wild Life

337, 338
Civil, Losses.

111
Utah, Area, Pop., Rank

368, 369
" U. S.

632, 633
Descriptive

368, 369
Debt, Owed U. S.

515
Election Returns

807
Department, U. S.

750
Inheritance Tax Law

295
in Europe, Air Fighting ,

48
Pop., Cities

611
Battle on the Seas.

47, 48
Counties

623
Casualties

46, 47
Utica (N. Y.), Wage Earners. Wages

397
Chief Dates, 1939-1940

109
Utrecht, Peace Treaty

628

Chronology, Dec. 1940-Nov. 30,
Uzbek S.S.F.R., Area, Pop., Descrip.......261, 262

1941

49-80
First Year, Chronology, Begins 647

Second Year Chronology. Begins .649
V

Third Year Chronology, Begins... 72
Estimated Cost

48
Valoise, House of

.682

Finland, (see War Chronology) 66-80
Van Buren, Martin, and Wife,

German-Russian, (see War
Blogr ies of

328, 329
Chronology)

65-80
Courtlandt House

440

Greece, (see War Chronology) 49-64
Vanzetti-Sacco

.637

Naval Battles, Chronology Begins 49
Vatican City, Area, Pop., Descriptive

265
Review

45-48
Veal Production, Consumption, U. S..

489
U. S. Ships Lost.

111
Venereal Diseases, Fight Against

579
Yugoslavia

.55-58
Venezuela, Area, Pop., Descriptive.

266
Japan and Russia

635
* Army, Air Force

101
Japan and U. S.

40-44
Military Service

266
Libya, U. S. Tanks.

83
Venus, Planet

169
Mothers, American

564
Vermont, Area, Pop., Rank

369
Nat'l Council for Prevention.

564

340

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War, Philippines and U. S..
635 William Rockhill Nelson Gallery of Art.

746
Revolutionary
629 Williamsburg (Va.). Restoration..

765
Russia-Japan
Wills, Laws on

306
South African
634 Wilson Dam

832
Spain and U. S.

634 Woodrow, and Wives. Biographies of 333, 334
U. S. and Germany
40-41, 44 Wind Cave National Park, S. Ď.

.366, 767
Italy
40-41, 44 Winds, Force and Designations.

189
Japan

40-44
Velocity, U. s. Cities

.188
Mexico

632 Windsor, Duke of .117, 127, 128, 212, 642,
Philippines
635

644, 645,649
Spain

634
Hotel Fire.

635
Wars, U. S. Troops Engaged.

House of

679
Washington, Capitol.
386 Windward Islands, Descriptive

.212
Crosses Delaware
629 Winter Season

..145
(D. C.) Descriptive

346, 347
Wisconsin, Area, Pop., Rank

371, 372
(D. C.), Pop.

600
Descriptive

371, 372
George, and wife, Biographies of...326, 327 Election Returns

811
National Monument..

336
Historical Dates

811
(State) Area, Pop., Rank

370, 371
Inheritance Tax Law

296
Descriptive

370, 371
Pop.. Cities

612
Election Returns.

809
Counties

624
Historical Dates.
809 Witchcraft

626, 628
Inheritance Tax Law
296 Women Suffrage

637
Pop., Cities
612 Womens Associations, Societies.

.564
Pop., Counties

.623
National A. A. U. Meet

.903
Washington's Tomb. Descriptive

678
Track and Field Records

.907
Wasserfluh Tunnel
672 Wonders of the World.

677. 678
Water Areas, Depths
191 Woodmen Societies

564
Power, U. S.
288 Woodrow Wilson Foundation

441. 564
Sea, Composition
722 Woods, Weight of.

718
Supply, N. Y. City
445 Wool Manufacturers, Nat'l Ass'n

564
Weight of

718
Production, U. S. and World

487
Waterbury, Industrial Area

339 Worcester (Mass.) Art Museum
Waterfalls

Work Projects Administration

.825, 826
Waterways Ass'n, N. Y. State

564

N. Y. City
Watts Bar Dam.

.833
(Federal Works Agency)

413
Wealth, National, U. S..

517

Operations

.836
Weather Records, N. Y. City
185-188 Speeded by Song

864
Rules for Foretelling

182 Workmen's Compensation, N. Y. State .400
Signals
.182 World Calendar

167
Wedding Anniversaries

951
Association

564
Weight, Average, Men and Women

715
Creation

625
Lifting

899
Fairs

650
Weights, Atomic.

716
Fastest Trips Around

659
and Measures

706-712
Series, 1941

865-868
Amer. Inst. of.

1941. Little

868
Foreign

712
Attendance Receipts.

868, 869
Greek

717
Champions, 1933-1941

.869
Roman

717
Players' Shares.

869
U. S. and British

711
Trade, by Countries

948
Solids
718

635-637
Welland Canal, Cargo Traffic

667
II

40-44
West Africa, Portuguese

255
Casualties

108
“ Australia, Area. Pop.

193
" Debt Owed U. S.

515
Coast Relays

902
Declarations of War

108
End Association

564

Draft Deserters
Indies, British, Descriptive

212, 213
Peace Treaties

108
Danish, Purchase..
340 Wrestling, Amateur

878
Netherlands, Area, Pop., Descrip. 249 Wright Brothers, First Flight.

362
Point Cadet Measurements
.715 Wurttemberg. Area, Pop.

233
Descriptive
101 Wyoming. Area, Pop., Rank.

372
Side Ass'n of Commerce.

564
Descriptive

372
Election Returps

371
Virginia, Area, Pop., Rank.

812
Descriptive

371
Inheritance Tax Law

296
Election Returns

810
Pop., Cities

.612
Historical Dates.

.810
Counties

.624
Inheritance Tax Law

296

х
Pop.. Cities...

612
X-ray, Discovery.

634
Counties

623, 624
Xochimilco, Folating Gardens of

678
Westchester County Children's Ass'n.

564
Parks
391

Y
Western Conference Track and Field

Yachting

896
Meet
.900, 903 Yale-Harvard Regattas

879
41 India States Agency, Area, Pop..
200 Yellow Race

190
Sea, Area

193, 205
Samoa, Area, Pop. Descriptive

191
Westminster, Statute of

194
Yellowstone National Park

372, 767
Whaling Museum, Bourne.
744 Yemen, Area, Pop., Descriptive

214
Wheat Crops, N. Y. State

395 Yonkers (N. Y.), Wage Earners, Wages. 397
Value, U. S..
484 York, House of

679
World
.486 Yosemite Falls, Valley.

344
Exports, Imports, U. S..

486
" National Park

767
Flour, Exports, Import, U. S.

486
Young Judea, National

564
Visible Supply. Contract Prices.

485
Men's Christian Ass'ns.

564
Hebrew Ass'n.

488
Yield per Acre, U. S..

564
Wheeler Dam
832 People's Christian Union

564
Religious Union

371, 630
Whiskey Insurrections

564
Society of Christian Endeavor. .567

951
Production, U. S..

Women's Christian Assins.
749

564
White House, Aids

Hebrew Ass'n.

564
765
Descriptive
Youth, Facts of

853
Race

190
Fellowship, Universalist

564
Russia (see Byelorussian S.S.R)

Patrol, National

564
Whitney Museum of American Art

440 | Yugoslavia, Area, Pop.. Descriptive. 266, 267
Wing (Amer. Museum of Natural

Army, Air Force

101
History)

740
Military Strength

.267
Wightman Cup Matches.
891 Occupation by Axis.

266
Wild Life, U. S.

337, 338
Royal Family

266
Wildlife Institute, American

564 War in Europe (see War Chronology) 55-58
Wilhelm II, Death,
.125 Yukon Territory, Area, Pop.

193, 208

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Alabama, University of, page 535-Dr. Richard
Clarke Foster, president, died.
American Newspaper Guild, page 560-Executive
vice president Sam Eubanks, Secretary William
Rodgers.

Canada, page 206-Ernest Lapointe, Minister of
Justice and Attorney General, died.
Catholic, Hierarchy, Roman, page 571-Chief Peni-
tentiary, Nicolo Cardinal Canali.
Chile, pages 219, 268-Dr. Geronimo Mendez made
president on the temporary retirement of Presi-
dent Pedro Aguirre Cerda, who died later.
Civil Service, page 766-The Civil Service Com-
mission reported (Dec. 1, 1941) that the number
of civilian employes in the executive branch of
the Government in September was 1,467,925.
Colorado, page 755-United States Senator Alva
B. Adams, died; page 756-House of Representa-
tives, Fourth District, Robert F. Rockwell.
Cumberland University, page 536-Dr. L. L. Rice.
president.

France, page 229-North Africa, Delegate General,
post abolished and duties divided among four
men. Gen. Maxine Weygand retired.
Holidays, pages 163, 164-President

Roosevelt

signed a resolution making Feb. 11, birthday of the late Thomas A. Edison, a national holiday. Lebanon, page 259-Independence proclaimed (Nov. 26, 1941), cabinet resigned and Ahmad Daouk, an engineer, was asked to form a new Cabinet. National Defense, pages 81, 85-Lend-Lease program, pages 86, 87-The House of Representatives passed (Dec. 5, 1941) the third supplemental national defense appropriation bill, carrying funds of $8,244,000,000 to increase the Army to 2,000,000 men and to provide for its equipment and maintenance. The bill also carried $1,556,496,000, the third installment in Lend-Lease funds. The Senate passed the bill (Dec. 12) and increased the amount to $10,572,350,705. Netherland Guiana, page 249-United States troops occupied Netherlands Indies (Surinam) in agree

189

564

442

467

.440

564

.440

ment with Brazil to protect the Dutch aluminum
deposits.
New York State Supreme Court, Second district,
Kings, Nassau, Queens, Richmond and Suffolk
Counties, page 410-Justice Francis D. McGarvey
resigned.
New York State Supreme Court, page 410-Bernard
Botein appointed Justice to succeed Lloyd
Church, resigned.

Pennsylvania, 77th Congress, page 758-Represen-
tative J. Harold Flannery elected Common Pleas
Judge of Luzerne County.
Population, page 274-Montevideo, population 770.-
000, according to 1941 census figures.
Selective Service, page 88-Legislation to extend
the service of selectees and other members of
the armed forces of the United States to six
months beyond the period of the war emergency
and to make these men subject to service out-
side the Western Hemisphere was passed by
Congress (Dec. 11) and signed by the President.
Congress passed (Dec. 19) a law to register all
males from 20 to 44 inclusive for training and
service in land or naval forces and all other men
from 18 to 64 inclusive for civilian defense duties.
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, page 263-
Maxím Litvinov, named Soviet Ambassador to
the United States and appointed Deputy Com-
missar of Foreign Affairs.

Vermont, University of, page 542-Dr. John S.
Millis, president.

War in Europe, page 45-Great Britain announced
(Dec. 7, 1941) that a state of war existed between
that country, Finland, Rumania and Hungary,
whose forces are fighting with the Axis armies.
Wyoming, University of, page 542-Dr. J. Lewis
Merrill, president.

SPORTS

Billiards, page 883-Erwin Rudolph won the 1941 pocket billiard of the world in Philadelphia by defeating Irving Crane in the play off of a triple tie.

Errata

Petroleum, World production, page 510-Figures for Iran should read: 1935, 57.3; 1936, 62.7; 1937, 77.8; 1938, 78.4; 1939, 78.2.

War Department, page 750-Judge Advocate General, Major Myron C. Cramer. Washington.

National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis

Source: An official Sponsored by President Franklin D. Roosevelt (Sept. 23, 1937) and financed by contributions of millions of citizens, the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis is waging a unified fight against the crippling disease. For the first time in American medical history, the whole attack on this plague is led and directed by one national body. whose object is to eradicate infantile paralysis and to work unceasingly until the mysterious "maiming microbe" is conquered.

The Foundation has 33 trustees, selected from all parts of the country and representing all walks of life. The officers are: President, Basil O'Connor. New York City; Vice Presidents, Walter P. Murphy. Chicago; William F. Humphrey, San Francisco; George E. Allen, Washington; James V. Forrestal. New York City: Treasurer, Raymond H. Taylor. New York City; Secretary, William F. Snyder, New York City; headquarters, 120 Broadway. New York City.

The Foundation has been financed by four "Fight Infantile Paralysis" campaigns in connection with the celebration of the President's birthday. At the beginning of the 1939 campaign, the Foundation announced a plan to establish permanent chapters of the Foundation, embracing all the counties of the United States, to assist in local activities in the fight. Funds raised in all the campaigns are divided on a 50-50 basis, the National Foundation receiving approximately one-half, and approximately one-half remaining in the counties or states, where raised, for local aid.

Net receipts from the 1941 birthday celebration were $2,104,460.53. Of this amount $1,007,594.69 was presented to the National Foundation and $1,096 265.84 was retained in the home communities.

The Foundation is waging a four-fold fight on

of the Foundation

the disease, through scientific research, epidemic first aid, proper care-disseminating to doctors and parents present and new knowledge of the proper care which may prevent sad after-effects, such as crooked backs, curvature of the spine, twisted bodies, contracted limbs-dollars to orthopedic centers, hospitals and clinics for combatting human wreckage.

Funds of the Foundation are given to various hospitals, universities, etc., for scientific research. From the organization of the Foundation (1938) to Sept. 30, 1941, $1,914,160.19 has been used for research education and emergency aid during epidemics, and $2,652,009.79 has been left with local chapters for aid in their home communities. Grants to cover universities and institutions have been made by the Foundation. All allotments of money are made on recommendation of a general advisory board consisting of distinguished doctors.

The Foundation is established as a permanent organization to direct the national war on infantile paralysis until it has been stamped out. works closely with Federal and State authorities.

The fund raising agency of the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, Inc., is the Committee for the Celebration of the President's Birthday with headquarters at 50 East 42nd St., New York City. Since 1938, Keith Morgan of New York has been the national chairman. President Roosevelt has authorized the use of his birthday each year since then. Since the appointment of Mr. Morgan as national chairman, a vast volunteer organization has been built up throughout the country embracing the states, counties, cities and communities and extending into the territories and insular possessions of the United States. This organization has over 10,000 chairmen consisting of men and women in all walks of life

FOREIGN AFFAIRS-U. S. AND JAPAN AT WAR

Hawaii Attacked, Then Tokio Notifies U. S.

The second World War began (Dec. 7-8, 1941) and the President's signing of the resolution. A when Japan opened an air attack against Pearl state of war all but liits the limit of Presidential Harbor, the great naval base of the United States power. Statutes which operate in such periods in Hawaii, and other outposts there and followed

authorize the President to take over transportation it with a declaration of war against the United

systems, industrial plants, radio stations, power States and Great Britain. The attack against the communication systems.

facilities and ships, and places some controls on Hawaiian bases was timed 1:05 P. M., Sunday. The declaration of war by the United States was Eastern Standard Time, and the announcement of followed by a declaration of Great Britain, backed Japanese Imperial Headquarters that a state of war by the Dominions. China also acted, including existed between Japan and the United States and Germany and Italy in the declaration. Latin Great Britain was timed 4 P. M., Sunday, Eastern American Republics joined in the war with the Standard Time,

United States and in South America solidarity was The following day the Congress of the United expressed for the United States. States, in joint session, declared war against japan Germany and Italy declared war on the United after receiving a war message from President States (Dec. 11) and the United States courtered Roosevelt. Congress acted within a period of 33

immediately with declarations against these two minutes on the declaration, which was signed im- Axis countries. mediately by the President. Barely four hours

The line-up of nations involved in the Second elapsed between the meeting of the joint session World War, as of Dec. 15, 1941, follows:

AT WAR WITH GERMANY, ITALY AND JAPAN
United States The Netherlands

Costa Rica

Haiti
Great Britain Netherlands East Indies Cuba

El Salvador
Australia
New Zealand

Nicaragua

Guatamala
Canada
Poland

Dominican Republic Panama
China
Union of South Africa

Honduras

Bolivia
Free France

AT WAR WITH GERMANY, ITALY AND THEIR EUROPEAN ALLIES ONLY
Russia
Ethiopia

Norway
Belgium
Greece

Yugoslavia (including
Czecho Slovakia
Luxemburg

Croatia).
AT WAR WITH THE UNITED STATES, GREAT BRITAIN AND RUSSIA
Germany

Italy
Slovakia
Hungary

Rumania
AT WAR WITH RUSSIA AND GREAT BRITAIN

Finland
AT WAR WITH UNITED STATES AND GREAT BRITAIN
Japan
Manchukuo

Bulgaria
BROKE RELATIONS WITH GERMANY, ITALY AND JAPAN

Mexico

BROKE RELATIONS WITH JAPAN

Colombia.

EXPRESSED SOLIDARITY WITH UNITED STATES
Argentina
Chile
Paraguay

Uruguay
Brazil
Ecuador
Peru

Venezuela Iran, Iraq and Syria were occupied by the British the Second World War. (At the close of the and Free French forces in their war operations second year of the War in Europe, four-fifths of against the Axis in the Near East.

the world was involved in conflict. see page 45). The declarations following the attack of Japan It was estimated 1,930,680,000 were involved in on the United States brought nations representing World War II with more than 1,250,000,000 on 90 per cent of the population of the world into the side of the Allies.

Chronology of War With Japan

Because of the International Date Line, which runs north and south in the Pacific Ocean, many, if not most of the Far East war conflicts occur on dates more or less ahead of the corresponding American date. For this reason the Dec. 7 date. for example, is more practically a Dec. 7-8 date.

At noon Tuesday in New York the clocks in the following cities record the time as follows: Honolulu

6:30 A, M. Tuesday San Francisco,

9 A. M. Tuesday London

6 P. M. Tuesday Singapore

12

Midnight Manila

1 A. M. Wednesday Tokio

2 A, M. Wednesday The International Date Line passes through Bering Strait with Asia to the west and Alaska to the east and takes another curve away from the 180th meridan to leave the Aleutian Islands on the east. It returns to the 180th, passing southward with Hawaii on the west and Japan on the east, establishing difference of a day between the times of these two islands. Dec. 7-8-Imperial Headquarters in Tokio an

nounced that a state of war existed between Japan and the United States and between Japan

and Great Britain. (The announcement, dated
Tokio, Dec. 8 at 6 A. M., was equivalent to
4 P. M., Dec. 7, U, S. Eastern Standard Time.)
Emperor Hirohito's declaration fixed the date
of the beginning of hostilities "as of dawn,"
The notice was followed by a session of the
Japanese Cabinet at the residence of Premier-
War Minister Gen. Hideki Tojo, after which
Foreign Minister Shigenori Togo summoned the
United States Ambassador, Joseph C. Grew, and
the British Ambassador, Sir Robert Leslie
Craigle, and handed to Mr. Grew the Japanese
Government's formal reply to the note sent to
Japan by United States Secretary of State
Cordell Hull on Nov. 26, refusing to accede to
the American demands, with the reasons there-
for. The refusal was handed to Secretary of
State Hull, in Washington, on Dec. 8. with no
word to him that war had been declared by

Japan and had begun.
-Japanese warships, troopships, submarines and

bombing planes were already in motion toward
the American and British possessions in the

Pacific.
-At 7:55 A, M., Dec. 7, Honolulu Time, Japanese

planes began an attack there which lasted until

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