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Trotting Association, Nat'l.

563
and Pacing Records.

928, 929
Troy City ..

625
(N. Y.), Wage Earners, Wages, Product
Value

397
Weights & Measures

708, 709
Trucks, Motor, Operations

.945
(Motor), Production, U. S.

500
Trunking Association, American,

563
Trusts, Public, U. S.

477-479
Tuberculosis Ass'n, Nat'l

563
". Deaths, Rates, N. Y. State

405
Tudor, House of

.679
Tungsten

.506
Tunis, Area, Pop., Descriptive.

230, 231
Tunnels, World

.672
Turkey, Area, Pop.. Descriptive

260, 261
Army, Air Force

101
Military Service

261
Rulers of

688
Turkeys on Farms, Value, U. S.

489
Turkmen S. S. R., Area, Pop., Descrip. 261, 262
Turners, American

563
Twilight, Time of, by Months, 1942

.146-157
Tyler, John, and Wives, Biographies of 329
Typewriting Records, World

849
Typothetae of America, United

.563
Tyre

..625

Pay

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U.S., Area, Population...

337
by States, Land and Water.

.379
Army

99, 101
Air Force

101
Camps

93-98
Composition

90
Corps Areas

100
Generals

92
Gun Salutes

92
Lieutenant Generals

92
Medical Library

736
Medical Museum

736
Navy Aviation Appropriations. 104

91
Automobile Production

500
Registration, by States. 501
Bankruptcy Laws

303
Banks, Assets, Liabilities, by States. 518
Beet Sugar Production

487
Births, Rates

581
Book Production

528
Bureau of Engraving and Printing

751
Cabinet Members, Salaries,

749-751
Officers, 1789-1940

321-751
Canals, Cargo Traffic

666
Capital Issues

.517
Census Returns

586-624
Circuit Courts of Appeals

752
Citizenship Defined

297
Civil Service

766
Coal Production

509
Coast Guard

.84, 106
Line

..753
Coke Production

.509
Comptroller General

751
Congress, Members, Salaries

755-758
Constitution, Amendments

.312-318
Index

319
Continental Limits

191
Copyright Law

305
Court of Claims

753
Courts

752, 753
Crime Statistics

946
Crops, Chief

484-490
Customs Claims Litigation

305
and Internal Revenue Receipts. 847
and Patent Appeals Court.

753
Receipts

847
Deaths, Rates

581-585
Debt

521
Defense Expenditures

83, 85
Dependencies, Descriptive

374-377
Descriptive

337-341
District Courts

752, 753
Expenditures

521
Exports

494
Families, Average Size

598
Farm Employment

485
Federal Reserve Banks Operations

519
Flag, Origin, Proper Display

113
Geology

339
Gold Exports. Imports

512
Production

511
Reserve

512
Government

338
Employees

766
Personnel, Payroll

766
Roster

.749-751
Highway Appropriations, by States

501
Hospitals, Capacity

579
House of Representatives, Members,
Salaries

756-758
House of Representatives, Speakers 324
Housing Authority

822
Construction

.578
by States

598
Immigration Law

300, 301
Quotas, Origins

595
Impeachments

309
Imports

494
Income, National, by Industrial Divisions.520
Tax Collections, by States

523
Payments, by States

520
Returns

524
Information Service

827
Internal Revenue Collections, by States 522
Sources

524
Land Grants, to States.

481
Lumber Production

.768
Man Power

89
Marine Corps

..104
Maritime Commission

831
Merchant Fleet

.661
Marine

503
Military Academy

101
Appropriations

..100
Expenditures

100
Posts. Camps,

93. 98

60

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197

USHA

822
USIS

.827
USMC

831
USTB

.833
USTC

.829
Uganda Protectorate, Area, Pop., Descrip.. 193,202
Ukranian S. S. R., Area, Pop., Descrip. 261, 262
Ulster (see Northern Ireland)
Underwriters Associations

.563
Unemployment Insurance, N. Y. State

.402
Trust Fund, U. S.

.819
Unfederated Malay States, Area, Pop.,
Descriptive

193, 201
Union Islands, Area, Pop...-

. 205
of South Africa, Area, Pop., Descrip., 193, 202
Government

202
Minerals

202
Soviet Socialist Republics

(see U.S. S. R.)
Stock Yards, Chicago.

467
Unitarian Church Officials

.575
United Amateur Press Ass'n.

564
American War Veterans of the U. S. .563
Brethren in Christ, Officials

.575
Hospital Fund of N. Y.

563
Kingdom, Churches

196. 197
Descriptive

195-198
Emigration, Immigration

197
Mineral Resources
Pop., by Sex

193
Shipping Tonnage

197
Vessels Launched

661
Press Associations

564
Provinces (India), Area, Pop.

200
Universalist Church Officials.

575
General Convention

564
Universities, Canadian

543
Colors

547-551
" Endowments

546
Enrollment

.534
Finances

.551
Foreign. When Founded

.529
(Year Organized, Governing Official,
Students. Teachers)

535-543
University of Chicago Chapel

467
the State of New York.

405
Urandi Area, Pop., Descriptive.

217
Uranus, Planet

169
Uruguay, Area, Pop., Descriptive.

265
Army, Air Force

101
Military Service

265
U.S.S.R., Area, Pop..

261, 262
Army, Air Force

101
Budget

264, 265
Cabinet

263
Commissariats

263
Communist Party

263
Descriptive

261-265
Expenditures

.264
Military Service

.264
Pop., Estimated

..612
Receipts

..264
War With Germany. (see War Chron.
ology)

65-80
U. S., Alien Registry

952
Anti-Trust Laws

307
Appropriations

521

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Page

Page
U. S. Mineral Prod., 1905-1939
506 Vermont, Descriptive. ,

369
Production, by States,
Election Returns

807
Products, by States. 505, 506

Inheritance Tax Law

295, 296
Monetary Standards

.513
Pop., Cities

.611
Money Stocks

511
Counties

623
National Defense

81-83
Veterans Associations

564
Administration

84, 85
Veterinary Medical Ass'n, Amer..

564
Guard

99, 100
Vice-President, Salary

749
Wealth
517 Vice-Presidents, U. S.

324
Nationality, Loss of

.297, 298
Vicksburg National Military Park

356
Naturalization Certificates Issued. 301 Victoria Province, Area, Pop.

.193
Naval Academy
. 105 Violin Tones, Cremona.

.698
Appropriations

104
Violinists, Bygone

.688
Aviation Shore Establishments 104 Virgin Islands, Descriptive.

.377
Expenditures

Purchase

.340
Navy

102, 103 Virginia, Area, Pop., Rank
Education System

369, 370
105
Dare

362, 627
Gun Salutes

92
Descriptive

369, 370
Pay

91
Election Returns

808
Ship Construction

82, 83
Inheritance Tax Law

296
Omce of Production Management.

81-84
Museum of Fine Arts

.743
Patent Appeals Court.

753
Pop. Cities

.611, 612
Law, Summary

304
Counties

623
Pension Statistics

107
Visa Requirements, U. S.

289, 299
Petroleum Production, Value.
Visibility at Sea

657
Population

.586-624
Vitamin Allowance, Daily

493
Est., 1945-1980

.586
Content, Food

492, 493
Age Groups, Sex
591 Vladimir, Grand Dukes of

680
Sex, Color

590
Vocabularies, English

530
Cities, by States

599-612
Vocational Ass'n, American.

564
Rank by States

588
Education

531
1790-1940

624
Rehabilitation

817
Urban, Rural

589
Volcanoes, Active

385
" White, by Sex

592
Volume and Units of.

707
President's Salary
749 Volunteers of America

568
Prisons

946

Officials

575
Public Health Service

.579, 821
Vosges Tunnel

672
Lands

481
Vote, Electoral, 1789-1820

794
Libraries

527
1904-1940

812
Rallroads, Statistics

498, 499
President, U. S.

769-814
Receipts

521

Presidential, Popular, 1940-1828 813, 814
Rivers ..

337, 662-664
Voting Qualifications, by States.

..851
Selective Service

88-90
Senate, Members, Salaries.

755

W
Shipbuilding

82,
Silver Exports, Imports.

.835, 836
512
Wage Earners, Wages, Chicago.

472-474
Production

511

Illinois

452-454
States, Territories, Origin of Names 341

N. Y. City

426
Sugar Production.

487

State 396, 397
Supreme Court

.752

U.S., by States. 282, 283
Justices

320
and Hour Law..

119, 826, 827
Tarifi Commission
829 ". Law, Minimum, N. Y. State.

.401
Territorial Expansion
340 Wages, Factory, N. Y. State

401
Judges
753 " Farm, U. S.

483
Territories, Chron. List.

378 Wagner Act

118, 119, 120, 841
Descriptive

.372-374 Wake and Midway Islands, Descriptive 374, 357
Topography

.337
Wales, Area, Pop..

193
Trade, Foreign

.495, 496
Sovereigns and Princess

680
Foreign, Economic Classes
496 Walking Records, 1941.

.929
With Latin America
274 Wall of China, Great.

.677
Marks, Law

304
Street Bombing

.637
Retail
497 Wallabout Channel, N. Y. Harbor

448
Wholesale

497
Wallace, Henry A., Biography

335
Travel Bureau

833
Walt Whitman Soc. of Amer.

.564
Truck (Motor) Production

500
Walther League, International,

.564
Vice-President, Salary

749
Vice-Presidents

War of 1812

.630, 631
324
1812, Gen. Soc. of

..564
War and Other Appropriations.

91
War with Germany

of Africa, (Libya, Ethiopia, Egypt,
40-41

Italian Somaliland, Eritrea), See
Italy

40
Chronology

49-63; 71, 73; 79-80
Japan

40-44
Appropriations, U. S.

91
Mexico

632
Chronology

.49-80
Wild Life

337, 338
Civil, Losses

111
Utah, Area, Pop., Rank

368, 369

"U. S.
Descriptive

632, 633
368, 369
Debt. Owed U. S.

515
Election Returns

807
Department, U. S.

750
Inheritance Tax Law

295
in Europe, Air Fighting

48
Pop., Cities

611
Battle on the Seas.

47, 48
Counties

623
Casualties

46, 47
Utica (N. Y.), Wage Earners, Wages

397
Chief Dates, 1939-1940

. 109
Utrecht, Peace Treaty

628

Chronology, Dec. 1940-Nov. 30,
Uzbek S.S.F.R., Area, Pop., Descrip. 261, 262

1941

49-80
First Year, Chronology, Begins. 647

Second Year Chronology, Begins. . 649
V

Third Year Chronology, Begins...72
Estimated Cost

48
Valoise, House of

682

Finland, (see War Chronology) 66-80
Van Buren, Martin, and Wife,

German-Russian, (see War
Biographies of

328, 329
Chronology)

65-80
Courtlar House

440

Greece, (see War Chronology) 49-64
Vanzetti-Sacco

637

Naval Battles, Chronology Begins 49
Vatican City, Area, Pop., Descriptive

265
Review

45-48
Veal Production, Consumption, U. S..

.489
U. S. Ships Lost.

111
Venereal Diseases, Fight Against

579
Yugoslavia

55-58
Venezuela, Area, Pop., Descriptive.

266
Japan and Russia

635
• Army, Air Force

101
Japan and U. S.

.40-44
Military Service

266
Libya, U. S. Tanks.

.83
Venus, Planet

. 169
Mothers, American

564
Vermont, Area, Pop., Rank

.369
Nat'l Council for Prevention.

564

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War, Philippines and U. S.

Page
635
William Rockhill Nelson Gallery of Art.

746
Revolutionary
629 Williamsburg (Va.). Restoration

765
Russia-Japan
635 Wills, Laws on

306
South African
634 Wilson Dam

832
Spain and U. S.

634 Woodrow, and Wives, Biographies of 333, 334
U. S. and Germany
40-41, 44 Wind Cave National Park, S. D.

366, 767
Italy
40-41, 44 Winds, Force and Designations.

189
Japan
. 40-44 Velocity, U. S. Cities

. 188
Mexico

632 Windsor, Duke of .117, 127, 128, 212, 642,
Philippines
635

644, 645,649
Spain

.634
Hotel Fire

635
Wars, U. S. Troops Engaged

111
House of

679
Washington, Capitol
386 Windward Islands. Descriptive

212
Crosses Delaware

629
Winter Season

145
(D. C.) Descriptive

346, 347
Wisconsin, Area, Pop., Rank

.371, 372
(D. C.), Pop.

600
Descriptive

371, 372
George, and wife, Biographies of 326, 327

Election Returns

811
National Monument

336
Historical Dates

811
(State). Area, Pop., Rank

370. 371
Inheritance Tax Law

296
Descriptive

370, 371
Cities

612
Election Returns

.809
Counties

624
Historical Dates
809 Witchcraft

.626, 628
Inheritance Tax Law

296
Women Suffrage

637
Pop., Cities

612
Womens. Associations, Societies

564
Pop., Counties

623
National A. A. U. Meet

903
Washington's Tomb. Descriptive

678
Track and Field Records

907
Wasserfiuh Tunnel
672 Wonders of the World

677. 678
Water Areas, Depths
191 Woodmen Societies

564
Power, U. S.
288 Woodrow Wilson Foundation

.441, 564
Sea, Composition
722 Woods, Weight of

718
Supply, N. Y. City
445 Wool Manufacturers, Nat'l Ass'n.

564
Weight of

718

Production, U. S. and World
Waterbury, Industrial Area

339 Worcester (Mass.) Art Museum
Waterfalls
192 Work Projects Administration

825, 826
Waterways Ass'n, N. Y. State

564

N. Y. City
Watts Bar Dam

.833
(Federal Works Agency)

413
Wealth, National, U. S.

.517

Operations

836
Weather Records, N. Y. City

185-188
Speeded by Song

864
Rules for Foretelling

182 Workmen's Compensation, N. Y. State.
Signals
182 World Calendar.

167
Wedding Anniversaries

951
Association

564
Weight, Average, Men and Women

715
Creation

625
Lifting

.899
Fairs

650
Weights, Atomic

716
Fastest Trips Around

.659
and Measures

706-712
Series, 1941.

.865-868
Amer. Inst. of

564

1941, Little
Foreign

712
Attendance Receipts

868, 869
Greek

717
Champions, 1933-1941.

869
Roman

717
Players' Shares

869
U. S. and British

711
Trade, by Countries.

948
Solids

War

635-637
Welland Canal, Cargo Traffic

.667
II

.40-44
West Africa, Portuguese

255
Casualties

108
“ Australia, Area, Pop.

193
Debt Owed U. S.

515
Coast Relays

.902
Declarations of War

. 108
End Association

564
Draft Deserters

100
Indies, British, Descriptive

212, 213
Peace Treaties

. 108
Danish. Purchase
340 Wrestling, Amateur

.878
Netherlands, Area, Pop.. Descrip. 249 Wright Brothers, First Flight.

362
Point Cadet Measurements
715 Wurttemberg. Area, Pop.

233
Descriptive
101 Wyoming, Area, Pop., Rank

372
Side Ass'n of Commerce

564
Descriptive

.372
Virginia, Area, Pop., Rank

371

Election Returns
Descriptive

371
Inheritance Tax Law

296
Election Returns

810
Pop., Cities

612
Historical Dates

810
Counties

624
Inheritance Tax Law

296

X
Pop.. Cities

612

X-ray, Discovery.
Counties

634
623, 624 Xochimilco, Folating Gardens of.

.678
Westchester County Children's Ass'n.

564
Parks
391

Y
Western Conference Track and Field

Yachting

896
Meet
900, 903 Yale-Harvard Regattas.

.879
India States Agency. Area, Pop.
200 Yellow Race

190
Samoa, Area, Pop. Descriptive 193, 205

Sea, Area

.191
Westminster, Statute of
194 Yellowstone National Park

372, 767
Whaling Museum. Bourne
744 Yemen, Area, Pop., Descriptive

214
Wheat Crops, N. Y. State

395 Yonkers (N. Y.), Wage Earners, Wages 397
Value, U. S.
484 York, House of

679
World
486 Yosemite Falls, Valley

344
Exports. Imports, U. S.

486
National Park

767
Flour, Exports, Import, U. S.
486 Young Judea, National

564
Visible Supply. Contract Prices

486
Men's Christian Ass'ns.

564
Yield per Acre, U. S.

488
Hebrew Ass'n..

564
Wheeler Dam
832 People's Christian Union

564
Whiskey Insurrections

371, 630
Religious Union

564
Production, US

951

Society of Christian Endeavor. .567

Women's Christian Ass'ns.

749
White House, Aids

564
Hebrew Ass'n

564
Descriptive

765

Youth, Facts of......
Race
190

853
Fellowship, Universalist.

564
Russia (see Byelorussian S.S.R)

Patrol, National
Whitney Museum of American Art

.440 Yugoslavia, Area, Pop.. Descriptive 266, 267
Wing (Amer. Museum of Natural

Army, Air Force

101
History)

740
Military Strength

267
891
Wightman Cup Matches

Occupation by Axis.

..266
Wild Life, U. S.

337, 338
Royal Family

266
Wildlife Institute. American

.564 War in Europe (see War Chronology) 55-58
Wilhelm II, Death
125 Yukon Territory, Area, Pop..

193, 208

..

.718

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Zanzibar, Area, Pop.. Descriptive.
Zero, Absolute
Ziggurat at Ur.
Zinc Production, Values, U. S..
Zion National Park..
Zionist Organization of America

Zodiac, The
193, 203 Zonta International.
189

Zoo, Bronx
677 Zoological Gardens, Chicago
508

Society, Staten Island
.368, 369, 767 Zoologists. American Soc. of.

564

Zoos, N. Y. City

189 .564 442 467 .440 .564 .440

Addenda

GENERAL AND WAR Alabama, University of, page 535--Dr. Richard ment with Brazil to protect the Dutch aluminum Clarke Foster, president, died.

deposits. American Newspaper Guild, page 560-Executive New York State Supreme Court, Second district,

vice president Sam Eubanks, Secretary William Kings, Nassau, Queens, Richmond and Suffolk Rodgers.

Counties, page 410-Justice Francis D. McGarvey Canada, page 206-Ernest Lapointe, Minister of resigned Justice and Attorney General, died.

New York State Supreme Court, page 410—Bernard Catholic, Hierarchy, Roman, page 571-Chief Peni- Botein appointed Justice to succeed Lloyd tentiary, Nicolo Cardinal Canali.

Church, resigned. Chile, pages 219, 268-Dr. Geronimo Mendez made Pennsylvania, 77th Congress, page 758—Represen

president on the temporary retirement of Presi- tative J. Harold Flannery elected Common Pleas dent Pedro Aguirre Cerda, who died later.

Judge of Luzerne County. Civil Service, page 766--The Civil Service Com- Population, page 274--Montevideo, population 770.

mission reported (Dec. 1, 1941) that the number 000, according to 1941 census figures. of civilian employes in the executive branch of Selective Service, page 88–Legislation to extend the Government in September was 1,467,925.

the service of selectees and other members of Colorado, page 755—United States Senator Alva the armed forces of the United States to six

B. Adams, died; page 756-House of Representa- months beyond the period of the war emergency tives, Fourth District, Robert F. Rockwell.

and to make these men subject to service outCumberland University, page 536-Dr. L. L. Rice, side the Western Hemisphere was passed by president.

Congress (Dec. 11) and signed by the President. France, page 229-North Africa, Delegate General, Congress passed (Dec. 19) a law to register all

post abolished and duties divided among four males from 20 to 44 inclusive for training and men. Gen. Maxine Weygand retired.

service in land or naval forces and all other men Holidays, pages 163, 164-President Roosevelt from 18 to 64 inclusive for civilian defense duties.

signed a resolution making Feb. 11, birthday of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, page 263

the late Thomas A. Edison, a national holiday. Maxim Litvinov, named Soviet Ambassador to Lebanon, page 259-Independence proclaimed (Nov. the United States and appointed Deputy Com

26, 1941), cabinet resigned and Ahmad Daouk, an missar of Foreign Affairs. engineer, was asked to form a new Cabinet.

Vermont, University of, page 542-Dr. John S. National Defense, pages 81, 85-Lend-Lease pro- Millis, president.

gram, pages 86, 87-The House of Representa- / War in Europe, page 45-Great Britain announced tives passed (Dec. 5, 1941) the third supplemental (Dec. 7, 1941) that a state of war existed between national defense appropriation bill, carrying that country, Finland, Rumania and Hungary, funds of $8,244,000,000 to increase the Army to whose forces are fighting with the Axis armies. 2,000,000 men and to provide for its equipment Wyoming, University of, page 542-Dr. J. Lewis and maintenance. The bill also carried $1,556,- Merrill, president. 496,000, the third installment in Lend-Lease

SPORTS funds. The Senate passed the bill (Dec. 12) and Billiards, page 883-Erwin Rudolph won the 1941 increased the amount to $10,572,350.705.

pocket billiard of the world in Philadelphia by Netherland Guiana, page 249-United States troops defeating Irving Crane in the play off fa occupied Netherlands Indies (Surinam) in agree- triple tie.

Errata Petroleum, World production, page 510--Figures War Department, page 750Judge Advocate Gen

for Iran should read: 1935. 57.3; 1936, 62.7; eral, Major Myron C. Cramer, Washington. 1937. 77.8; 1938, 78.4; 1939, 78.2.

National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis

Source: An official of the Foundation Sponsored by President Franklin D. Roosevelt | the disease, through scientific research, epidemic (Sept. 23, 1937) and financed by contributions of first aid, proper care-disseminating to doctors and millions of citizens, the National Foundation for

parents present and new knowledge of the proper Infantile Paralysis is waging a unified fight against

care which may prevent sad after-effects, such as the crippling disease. For the first time in Ameri

crooked backs, curvature of the spine, twisted

bodies, contracted limbs-dollars to orthopedic cencan medical history, the whole attack on this

ters, hospitals and clinics for combatting human plague is led and directed by one national body. wreckage. whose object is to eradicate infantile paralysis Funds of the Foundation are given to various and to work unceasingly until the mysterious hospitals, universities, etc., for scientific research. "maiming microbe" is conquered.

From the organization of the Foundation (1938) The Foundation has 33 trustees, selected from to Sept. 30, 1941, $1,914,160.19 has been used for all parts of the country and representing all walks research education and emergency aid during of life. The officers are: President, Basil

O'Connor, epidemics, and $2,652,009.79 has been left with New York City: Vice Presidents, Walter P. Murphy, local chapters for aid in their home communities. Chicago; William F. Humphrey, San Francisco: Grants to cover universities and institutions George E. Allen, Washington; James V. Forrestal, have been made by the Foundation. All allotments New York City; Treasurer, Raymond H. Taylor, of money are made on recommendation of a New York City: Secretary. William F. Snyder, New general advisory board consisting of distinguished York City: headquarters, 120 Broadway, New York doctors. City.

The Foundation is established as a permanent The Foundation has been financed by four "Fight organization to direct the national war on inInfantile Paralysis" campaigns in connection with fantile paralysis until it has been stamped out. the celebration of the President's birthday. At the works closely with Federal and State authorities beginning of the 1939 campaign, the Foundation The fund raising agency of the National Foundaannounced a plan to establish permanent chapters tion for Infantile Paralysis, Inc., is the Committee of the Foundation, embracing all the counties of for the Celebration of the President's Birthday the United States, to assist in local activities in with headquarters at 50 East 42nd St., New York the fight. Funds raised in all the campaigns are City. Since 1938, Keith Morgan of New York has divided on a 50-50 basis, the National Foundation been the national chairman. President Roosevelt receiving approximately one-half, and approxi- has authorized the use of his birthday each year mately one-hall remaining in the counties or since then. Since the appointment of Mr. Morgan states, where raised, for local aid.

as national chairman, a vast volunteer organizaNet receipts from the 1941 birthday celebration tion has been built up throughout the country were $2.104,460.53. Of this amount $1,007.594.69 embracing the states, counties, cities and comwas presented to the National Foundation and munities and extending into the territories and $1.096 865.84 was retained in the home com- insular possessions of the United States. This munities.

organization has over 10.000 chairmen consisting The Foundation is waging a four-fold fight on of men and women in all walks of life

FOREIGN AFFAIRS-U. S. AND JAPAN AT WAR

Hawaii Attacked, Then Tokio Notifies U. S.

The second World War began (Dec. 7-8, 1941) and the President's signing of the resolution. А when Japan opened an air attack against Pearl state of war all but lifts the limit of Presidential Harbor, the great naval base of the United States power. Statutes which operate in such periods in Hawaii, and other outposts there and followed authorize the President to take over transportation it with a declaration of war against the United facilities and ships, and places some controls on

systems, industrial plants, radio stations, power States and Great Britain. The attack against the

communication systems. Hawaiian bases was timed 1:05 P. M., Sunday, The declaration of war by the United States was Eastern Standard Time, and the announcement of followed by a declaration of Great Britain, backed Japanese Imperial Headquarters that a state of war by the Dominions. China also acted, including existed between Japan and the United States and Germany and Italy in the declaration. Latin Great Britain was timed 4 P. M., Sunday, Eastern American Republics joined in the war with the Standard Time.

United States and in South America solidarity was The following day the Congress of the United expressed for the United States. States, in joint session, declared war against japan Germany and Italy declared war on the United after receiving a war message from President States (Dec. 11) and the United States courtered Roosevelt. Congress acted within a period of 33 immediately with declarations against these two minutes on the declaration, which was signed im- Axis countries. mediately by the President. Barely four hours The line-up of nations involved in the Second elapsed between the meeting of the joint session World War, as of Dec. 15. 1941, follows:

United States
Great Britain
Australia
Canada
China
Free France

AT WAR WITH GERMANY, ITALY AND JAPAN
The Netherlands

Costa Rica
Netherlands East Indies

Cuba
New Zealand

Nicaragua
Poland

Dominican Republic
Union of South Africa

Honduras

Haiti
El Salvador
Guatamala
Panama
Bolivia

AT WAR WITH GERMANY, ITALY AND THEIR EUROPEAN ALLIES ONLY
Russia
Ethiopia

Norway
Belgium
Greece

Yugoslavia (including
Czecho Slovakia
Luxemburg

Croatia).
AT WAR WITH THE UNITED STATES, GREAT BRITAIN AND RUSSIA
Germany

Italy
Slovakia
Hungary

Rumania
AT WAR WITH RUSSIA AND GREAT BRITAIN

Finland
AT WAR WITH UNITED STATES AND GREAT BRITAIN
Japan

Manchukuo Bulgaria
BROKE RELATIONS WITH GERMANY, ITALY AND JAPAN

Mexico

BROKE RELATIONS WITH JAPAN

Colombia.

EXPRESSED SOLIDARITY WITH UNITED STATES
Argentina
Chile
Paraguay

Uruguay
Brazil
Ecuador
Peru

Venezuela Iran, Iraq and Syria were occupied by the British, the Second World War. (At the close of the and Free French forces in their war operations second year of the War in Europe, four-fifths of against the Axis in the Near East.

the world was involved in conflict, see page 45). The declarations following the attack of Japan It was estimated 1,930,680,000 were involved in on the United States brought nations representing World War II with more than 1,250,000,000 on 90 per cent of the population of the world into the side of the Allies.

Chronology of War With Japan

Because of the International Date Line, which runs north and south in the Pacific Ocean, many." if not most of the Far East war conflicts occur on dates more or less ahead of the corresponding American date. For this reason the Dec. 7 date, for example, is more practically A Dec, 7-8 date.

At noon Tuesday in New York the clocks in the following cities record the time as follows: Honolulu

16:30 A, M. Tuesday San Francisco.

9 A. M. Tuesday London

P. M. Tuesday Singapore

12

Midnight Manila

1 A, M. Wednesday Tokio

2 A. M. Wednesday The International Date Line passes through Bering Strait with Asia to the west and Alaska to the east and takes another curve away from the 180th meridan to leave the Aleutian Islands on the east. It returns to the 180th, passing southward with Hawaii on the west and Japan on the east, establishing difference of a day between the times of these two islands. Dec. 7-8-Imperial Headquarters in Tokio an

nounced that a state of war existed between Japan and the United States and between Japan

and Great Britain (The announcement, dated Tokio, Dec. 8 at 6 A, M., was equivalent to 4 P. M., Dec. 7, U. S. Eastern Standard Time.) Ernperor Hirohito's declaration fixed the date of the beginning of hostilities "as of dawn." The notice was followed by a session of the Japanese Cabinet at the residence of PremierWar Minister Gen. Hideki Tojo, after which Foreign Minister Shigenori Togo summoned the United States Ambassador, Joseph C. Grew, and the British Ambassador Sir Robert Leslie Craigie, and handed to Mr. Grew the Japanese Government's formal reply to the note sent to Japan by United States Secretary of State Cordell Hull on Nov. 26, refusing to accede to the American demands, with the reasons therefor. The refusal was handed to Secretary of State Hull, in Washington, on Dec. 8. with no word to him that war had been declared by Japan and had begun. --Japanese warships, troopships, submarines and bombing planes were already in motion toward the American and British possessions in the Pacific. -At 7:55 A. M., Dec. 7, Honolulu Time, Japanese

planes began an attack there which lasted until

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