Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

Va...

Me..

Ga...

[ocr errors]

N. Y.

Pa...

Secretaries of State The Department of Foreign Affairs was created by Act of Congress July 27, 1789, and the name changed to Department of State on Sept. 15. Thomas Jefferson, then Minister to France, was appointed Secretary of State by President Washington Sept. 26, and took office March 21, 1790. John Jay, who had held the office of Secretary for Foreign Affairs since his appointment by the Ninth Continental Congress in March 1784, in place of Robert R. Livingston (appointed Jan. 1781), left it in September, 1789, when the U. S. Supreme Court was established with him as Chief Justice.

The Secretary of State is charged, under the direction of the President, with the duties appertaining to correspondence with the public ministers and the consuls of the U. S. and with the representatives of foreign powers accredited to the U. S., and to negotiations of whatever character relating to the foreign affairs of the United States.

Reciprocal trade treatles between the American and other governments have been feature of the activities of the Department of State in the recent years.

He is the medium of correspondence between the President and the chief executives of the several States of the U. 8.; he has the custody of the great seal of the U. S., and countersigns and affixes such seal to all Executives' proclamations, to various commissions, and to warrants for the extradition of fugitives.

He is the custodian of the treaties made with foreign States, and of the laws of the U.S. He grants and issues passports, and exequaturs to foreign consuls in the U. s. are issued through his office. He publishes the laws and resolutions of Congress, amendments to the Constitution, and proclamations declaring the admission of new States into the Union.

Limitations of armament on war ships and the size of those ships have been the subjects of treaties and conventions. The civil war in Spain, the conflict between Japan and China, and between Germany and Poland; the latter backed by Britain and France have kept the Secretary of State busy. Resi- Ap

Resi-
Presidents

Presidents
Cabinet Officers

Apde'ces pointed

Cabinet Officers

de'ces pointed N. Y..

Lincoln.. Washington.. John Jay

William H. Seward.

1861

N. Y..
1789 Johnson.
Thomas Jefferson.

1865 Edmund Randolph.

1794 Grant.

Ellhu B. Washburne. 111. 1869 Timothy Pickering.. Mass.. 1795

Hamilton Fish ......

N. Y.. 1869 J. Adms.

1797 Hayes
Wiliam M. Evarts...

1877 John Marshall, Va. 1800 Garfield. James G. Blalne.....

1881 Jefferson James Madison... 1801 Arthur..

1881 Madison. Robert Smith,

M... 1809

F. T. Frelinghuysen. N.. 1881 James Monroe.

Va...

1811 Cleveland Thomas F. Bayard.. Del... 1885 Monroe. John Quincy Adams

Mass..

1817 B. Harrison.. James G. Blaine..... Me.. 1889 Henry Clay. J. Q. Adams.

Ку. 1825
John W. Foster Ind.

1892 Jackson. Martin Van Buren.. N. Y 1829 Cleveland, Walter Q. Gresham..111... 1893 Edward Livingston, . La.... 1831

Richard Olney. Mass..

1895 Louis McLane, Del... 1833 McKinley John Sherman.

Ohio.

1897 John Forsyth.

1834
William R. Day.

1898 Van Buren

1837
John Hay

1898 Mass.. W.H. Harrison Daniel Webster... 1841 T. Roosevelt

1901 1841 Tyler

Elihu Root.

1905 Hugh S. Legaré. S. C... 1843

Robert Bacon.

1909 Abel P. Upshur.

Va....
1843 Taft..

Philander C. Knox.. JPa. 1909
John C. Calhoun. S.C...

1844

Wilson, William J. Bryan Neb. 1913 Polk, James Buchanan,

1845

Robert Lansing N. Y. 1915
John M. Clayton. Del..
Taylor

1849
Bainbridge Colby.

1920 Fillmore. Daniel Webster. Mass..

1850
Harding. Charles E. Hugnes...

1921
Edward Everett.
1852 Coolidge

1923 Pierce. William L. Marcy

N. Y..
1853

Frank B. Kellogg.... Mian. 1925
Lewis Cass. . .

Mich. 1857 Hoover. Henry L. Stinson. Buchanan

N. Y.. 1929 Jeremiah S. Black. 1860 F.D. Roosevelt Cordell Hull.

Tean. 1933 Secretaries of the Navy The Navy Department was created by Act of Congress April 30, 1798, which made the Secretary a member of the Cabinet. President Adams appointed Benjamin Stoddert' to the part May 3.

1798 |Benjamin Stoddert... Md... J. Adams.

Lincoln.. Gideon Welles..... Ct. 1861 1801

Johnson, Jefferson

1865 Robert Smith..

1802 Grant.
Adolph E. Borie...

Pa.

1869 1802 Madison

George M. Robeson.. N.J.. 1869 Paul Hamilton. S.C...

1809 Hayes.

Richard W. Thompson Ind. 1877 William Jones.. Pa... 1813

Nathan Goll Jr.. ....W.Va. 1881 B. W. Crowninshleld. Mass. 1814

Garfield.'. William H. Hunt,...La. 1881

1817 Arthur Monroe

1881 Smith Thompson. N. Y 1818

William E. Chandler N. H.. 1882 Samuel L. Southard. N. J. 1823 Cleveland William C. Whitney .N. Y.. 1885 1825 B. Harrison.. Benjamin F. Tracy

1889 J. Q. Adams John Branch..

1829 Cleveland Hilary A. Herbert. Jackson

Ala.. 1893 Levi Woodbury N. H. 1831 McKinley John D. Long..

1897 Mahlon Dickerson.. N. J.. 1834 T. Roosevelt.

1901 1837

William H. Moody... Van Buren..

1902 James K. Paulding... N. Y.. 1838

Paul Morton..

1904 W.H. Harrison George E. Badger... N. C.. 1841

Charles J. Bonaparte. Md. 1905 1841

Victor H. Metcall. Cal. 1906
Tyler
Abel P. Upshur...
Va. 1841

Truman H. Newberry Mich. 1908
David Henshaw
Mass.. 1843 Taft..

George von L. Meyer Mass. 1909
Thomas W. Gilmer.

1844 Wilson. Josephus Daniels... N. C.. 1913 John Y. Mason.. 1844 Harding Edwin Denby....

Mich. 1921 Mass..

1845 George Bancroft..

Coolidge Polk.

1923 John Y. Mason.. Va. 1846

Curtis D. Wilbur.

Cal...

1924 1849 William B. Preston

Hoover. Taylor

Charles Francis Adams Mass.. 1929

1850 William A. Graham.. N. C.. Fillmore.

F.D. Roosevelt Claude A. Swanson.. Va., 1933
John P. Kennedy..
Md... 1852

Charles Edison. N. J.. 1940
James C. Dobbin. N. C.. 1853

Frank Knox... Plerce.

111, 1940 Isaac Toucey..

Ct.. Buchanan...

1857 George Cabot of Beverly, Mass., was appointed Elected as a Federalist to the United States the first Secretary of the Navy, May 3, 1798, and Senate, and served from March 4. 1791, to June 6, was confirmed by the Senate, but declined the 1796, when he resigned; member of the Executive omice. He was born in Salem, Mass., Dec. 16, 1751; Council of Massachusetts in 1808; delegate to the attended Harvard College; member of the state Hartford Convention of 1814, and served as its provincial congress in 1776; delegate to the State presiding officer. constitutional convention in 1777 and to the con- He died in Boston, April 18, 1823. He was the vention which ratified the Constitution of the grandfather of the late Henry Cabot Lodge, u United States in 1787.

Senator from Massachusetts.

Pa...

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Va.

Pa....

Me....

[ocr errors]

Ку....

la...

[ocr errors]

Secretaries of the Treasury The Second Continental Congress on July 29, 1775, appointed Michael Hillegas and George Clymer, Esqs., as "joint treasurers of the United Colonies." Francis Hopkinson was elected Treasurer of Loans July 27, 1778. Robert Morris was appointed Superintendent of Finances by the Seventh Continental Congress on Feb. 20, 1781. The Treasury Department was organized by Act of Congress on Sept. 2, 1789. and President Washington commissioned Alexander Hamilton, Secretary of the Treasury on Sept. 11. Resi-1 Ap

Resi-1 ApPresidents Cabinet Officers denc's pointed Presidents Cabinet Officers denc's pointed Washington.. Alexander Hamilton.. N..Y. 1789 Lincoln... Hugh McCulloch....

Ind.. 1865 Oliver Wolcott Jr.... Ct.... 1795 Johnson.

1865 J. Adams.

1797 Grant.
George S. Boutwell.

Mass.

1869 Samuel Dexter. Mass..

1801
Wm. A, Richardson.

1873 Jefferson..

1801
Benjamin H. Bristow. Ky....

1874 Albert Gallatin

1801
Lot M. Morrill.

1876 Madison

1809
Hayes
John Sherman,

Ohio..

1877 George W. Campbell Teno. 1814 Garfield William Windom.. Mian.

1881 Alexander J. Dallas Pa. 1814 Arthur

1881 William H. Crawford. Ga.... 1816

Charles J. Folger.

N. Y..

1881 Monroe

1817

Walter Q. Gresham... Ind... 1884

Pa...
J. Q. Adams. Richard Rush,

1825
Hugh McCulloch...

1884 Jackson Samuel D. Ingham.

1829 Cleveland Daniel Manning, N. Y.. 1885
Louis McLane.
Del... 1831
Charles S. Fairchild.

1887 William J. Duane. Pa.

1833 B. Harrison.. William Windom.. Mion. 1889 Roger B. Taney

Md.
1833

Charles Foster, Ohio. 1891
Levi Woodbury N. H. 1834 Cleveland.. John G. Carlisle.

1893 Van Buren.

1837 McKinley Lyman J. Gage.

Ili.. 1897 W.H.Harrison Thomas Ewing. Ohio.. 1841 T. Roosevelt.

1901 Tyler.

1841
Leslle M. Shaw

1902
Walter Forward.
Pa.. 1841

George B. Cortelyou.. N. Y. 1907 John C. Spencer

N. Y.. 1843

Taft

Franklin MacVeagh.. ni. 1909 George M. Bibb.. Ky.... 1844 Wilson. Wullam G, McAdoo.. N. Y. 1913 Polk Robert J. Walker. Miss.. 1845

Carter Glass

Va...

1919 Taylor William M. Meredith. Pa.. 1849

David F. Houston.

Mo..

1920
Fillmore. Thomas Corwin. Ohio. 1850 Harding Andrew W. Mellon... Pa... 1921
Plerce
James Guthrie.

Ky...
1853 Coolidge.

1923 Buchanan Howell Cobb Ga... 1857 Hoover.

1929 Philip F. Thomas. Md.. 1860

Ogden L. Muls N. Y. 1932
John A. Dix.

N. Y. 1861
F.D. Roosevelt William H. Woodin.

1933 Lincoln Salmon P. Chase. Ohio 1861

Henry Morgenthau, Jr.

1934 William P. Fessenden. Me 1864

Secretaries of War The Second Continental Congress set up in June, 1776, a Board of War and Ordnance consisting of five members: John Adams, Roger Sherman, Benjamin Harrison, James Wilson and Edward Rutledge. Richard Peters was elected Secretary on June 12. This Board several times changed, continued until Oct. 30. 1781, when Congress appointed Benjamin Lincoln Secretary of War, a position created by Act of Congress the previous February. The Eleventh Continental Congress on March 8, 1785, appointed Gen. Henry Knox to succeed him with the added duties of the Navy. The War (and Navy) Department was created by Act of Congress Aug. 7, 1789, and Gen, Henry Knox was commissioned Secretary of War under that Act Sept. 12, 1789.

Mass..

1789 Washington. . Henry Knox,

Johnson. Jonn M. Schofield.. 111.

1868 Timothy Pickering.

1795 Grant.
John A. Rawlins,

1869 James McHenry. Md... 1796

William T. Sherman.. Ohio. 1869 J. Adams.

1797

William W. Belknip.. la... 1869 Samuel Dexter. Mass.. 1800

Alphonso Taft.

Ohio. 1876 Jefferson.. Henry Dearborn.

1801

James Don. Cameron. Pa.. 1876 Madison.. William Euntis.

1809

George W. McCarry.. la.. 1877 John Armstrong. N. Y.. 1813

Alexander Ramsey... Minn. 1879 James Monroe

Va.. 1814 Gartreld Robert T. Lincoln.... 111.... 1881 William H. Crawford. Ga. 1815 Arthur

1881 Geo. Graham (ad. in). Va.. 1817 Cleveland. Willam C. Endicott.. Mass.. Monroe.

1885 John C. Calhoun... S.C... 1817 B. Harrison Reddeld Proctor.

Vt.. 1889 J. Q. Adams.. James Barbour..

Va...
1825
Stephen B. Elkins.

W.Va.

1891 Peter B. Porter, N. Y. 1828 Cleveland. Daniel S. Lamont. N. Y.. 1893 Jackson. John H. Eaton,

Tenn. 1829 McKinley Russel A, Alger.. Mich. 1897 lewis Caus. Ohio.. 1831

Elinu Root... N. Y.. 1899 Benjamin F. Butler N. Y.. 1837 T. Roosevelt.

1901 Van Buren Joel R. Poinsett. S. C... 1837

William H. Taft. Ohio. 1904 W.H. Harrison John Bell

Teon. 1841

Luke E. Wright. Tena. 1908
Tyler.
John C. Spencer. N. Y.. 1841

Taft.
Jacob M. Dickinson..

1909 Jumes M. Porter. Pa... 1843

Henry L. Stimson. N. Y... 1911 William Wilkins.

1841 Wilson. Lindley M Garrison. N. J... 1913 Polk William L. Marcy. N. Y.. 1845

Newton D. Baker. Ohio.. 1916 Taylor George W. Crawford

Ga...
1849 Harding John W. Weeks..

Mass.. 1921
Filimore.
Charles M. Conrad.. La. 150 Coolidge.

1923 Pierce Jefferson Davis.

Miss.
1853
Dwight F. Davis.

1925 John B. Floyd.. Buchanan

1857
Hoover..

James W. Good.. Iowa 1929
Joseph Holt

1801
Patrick J. Hurley.

Okla..

1929 Simon Cameron

Pa.

1861 Lincoln..

F.D. Roosevelt George H. Dern

Utah.

1933 Edwin M. Stanton.. Ohio. IN02

Harry H. Woodring Kan.. 1936 Johnson

1865

Heury L. Stimson... N. Y.. 1940 U.S. Grant (ad. in.)., II. 1867

Secretaries of Agriculture The Department of Agriculture was created by Act of Congress, May 15, 1862. On Feb. 8, 1889, its Commissioner was renamed secretary of agriculture and became a member of the Cabinet.

The Secretary of Agriculture is charged with the work of promoting agriculture in its broadest sense, He exercises general supervision and control over the affairs of the department and formulates and establishes the general policies to be pursued by its various branches. Cleveland....Norman J. Colman... Mo... I899 Wilson

Edw. T. Meredith....

1920 B. Harrison.. Jeremiah M. Rusk Wis.. 1859 Harding. Henry C. Wallace.

1921 Cleveland. J. Sterling Morton.. Neb... 1893 Coolidge.. Howard M. Gore.. w.va:

1924 McKinley James Willson.

1897
W. M. Jardine.

Kan..

1925 1901 T. Roosevelt

Hoover
Arthur M. Hyde.

Mo..

1929 Taft

1909 F.D. Roosevelt Henry A Wallace lowa. 1933 Wilson.. David F. Houston... Mo. 1913

Claude R. Wickard Ind.. 1940

[ocr errors]

Hayes

[ocr errors]

Mo....

Va.
Ку.

[ocr errors]

la....

la..

Ia....

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

60

[ocr errors]

Pa...

Postmasters-General Benjamin Franklin had been Deputy Postmaster in America, (1737), and Postmaster General for the Colonies (1763) under the King until summarily dismissed by him Jan. 30, 1774. The Second Continental Congress created the Post Office Department with headquarters in Philadelphia and on July 26, 1776. elected Benjamin Franklin Postmaster-General for one year. On his sailing later for France as one of the Ambassadors, Richard Bache succeeded him on Nov. 7, 1776. Ebenezer Hazard was appointed Postmaster-General Jan. 28, 1782. Congress temporarily established the Post Office Department as a branch of the Treasury, on Sept. 22, 1789. and Washington commissioned Samuel Osgood PostmasterGeneral on Sept. 26. The Postmaster-General was made a member of the Cabinet March 9, 1829. Date

Date Presidents Cabinet Officers Resi- Ap

Presidents Cabinet Officers Resi- Apde'ces pointed

de'ces pointed Washington Samuel Osgood.. Mass.. 1789 Grant..

James W. Marshall Va. 1874 Timothy Pickering

1791

Marshall Jewell... Ct.. 1874 Joseph Habersham Ga.. 1795

James N. Tyner.. Ind.. 1876 J. Adams..

1797 Hayes..
David McK. Key Tenn.

1877 Jefferson,

1801
Horace Maynard.

1880 Gideon Granger... Ct. 1801 Garfield. Thornas L. James N. Y.. 1881 Madison 1809 Arthur.

1881 Return J. Meigs jr Ohio..

1814

Timothy O. Howe Wis.. 1881 Monroe

1817
WalterQ.Gresham.Ind...

1883 John McLean.....

1823
Frank Hatton...

1884 J. Q. Adams

1825 Cleveland. William F. Vilas... Wis.. 1885 Jackson William T. Barry.. Ky. 1829

Don M. Dickinson. Mich. 1888 Amos Kendall.

1835 B Harrison. John Wanamaker. Pa.... 1889 Van Buren

1837 Cleveland... Wilson S. Bissel IN. Y.. 1893 John M. Nlles. Ct. 1840

William L. Wilson, W.Va.

1895 W. H.. Harrison. Francis Granger..,

N.

1841
McKinley James A. Gary. Md...

1897 Tyler

1841

Chas.EmorySmith. Pa. 1898 Charles A. Wicklit Ky.. 1841 T. Roosevelt.

1898 Polk. Cave Johnson... Tenn. 1845

1901 Taylor. Jacob Collamer. Vt... 1849

Henry C. Payne... Wis. 1902 Fillmore. Nathan K. Hall.. N. Y.. 1850

Robert J. Wynne.. Pa... 1904 SamuelD. Hubbard Ct... 1852

GeorgeB.CortelyouN. Y. 1905 Pierce. James Campbell... Pa... 1853

George vonL.Meyer Mass. 1907 Buchanan. Aaron V. Brown... Tenn. 1857 Talt...

F. H. Hitchcock...

1909 Joseph Holt

Ky....

1859
Wilson..

Albert S. Burleson. Ter.. 1913
Horatio King Me...

1861
Harding..

Will H. Hays.. Ind... 1921 Lincoln.. Montgomery Blair. Md.. 1861

Hubert Work. Col. 1922
William Dennison.

Ohio..
1864

Harry S. New..

Ind.

1923 Johnson 1865 Coolidge..

1923 Alex. W. Randall Wis. 1866

Hoover.

Walter F. Brown..JOhio. 1929 Grant. John A. J. Creswell Md.. 1869 F. D. Roosevelt.. James A. Farley... N. Y. 1933

Frank C. Walker

1940 Attorneys-General The office of Attorney-General was organized by Act of Congress Sept. 24, 1789. Washington appointed Edmund Randolph of Virginia, to the post. The Attorney-General was made a member of the Cabinet in 1814. Washington... Edmund Randolph Va. 1789 Johnson,

Henry Stanbery Ohio. 1866 William Bradford. Pa.. 1794

William M. Evarts N. Y.. 1868
Charles

Va...
1795 Grant.

Ebenezer R. Hoar Mass.. 1869 J. Adams..

1797

Amos T. Akerman Ga.... 1870 Jefferson.. Levi Lincoln. Mass..

1801

George H. Willams Ore... 1871 John Breckenridge Ky..

1805

Edwards Pierrepont N. Y.. 1875 Cæsar A. Rodnev. Del., 1807

Alphonso Taft... Ohio. 1876 Madison..

1809 Hayes.

Charles Devens..

Mass.. 1877
William Pinkney.. Md. 1811 Garfield. Wayne MacVeagh. Pa.... 1881
Richard Rush.. Pa.
1814 Arthur.

1881 Monroe.

1817
Benj. H. Brewster) "

1881 Va

1817 Cleveland.. August H. Garland Ark. 1885 J. Q. Adams.

1825 B. Harrison. Wm. H. H. Miller Ind... 1889 Jackson.. John McP. Berrien Ga.. 1829 Cleveland. Richard Olney... Mass.. 1893 Roger B. Taney. Md

1831

Judson Harrnon..Ohio.. 1895 Benjamin F. Butler N. Y.. 1833 McKinley Joseph McKenna, Cal... 1897 Van Buren.

1837

John W. Griggs. . N.J... 1898
Felix Grundy..
Tenn. 1838

Philander. C. Knox Pa.... 1901
Henry D. Gilpin.. Pa.... 1840 T. Roosevelt..

1901 W. H. Harrison.. John J. Crittenden Ky... 1841

William H. Moody Mass.. 1904 Tyler...

1841

Chas. J. Bonaparte Md... 1906 Hugh 8. Legare. . S. C... 1841

Taft..

Geo. E.Wickersham N.Y. 1909 John Nelson.... Md. 1843

Wilson.

J. C. McReynolds Tenn. 1913 Polk.. John Y. Mason...

1845

Thomas E. Gregory Tex... 1914 Nathan Clifford.. Me.... 1846

A. M. Palmer.... Penn. 1919 Isaac Toucey

1848 Harding

H. M. Daugherty Ohio.. 1921 Taylor.. Reverdy Johnson Md... 1849 Coolidge.

1923 Fillmore. John J. Crittenden Ky... 1850

Harlan F. Stone. . N. Y.. 1924 Pierce. Caleb Cushing... Mass. 1853

John G. Sargent.. Vt.. 1925 Buchanan.. Jeremiah S. Black Pa....

1857
Hoover.

Win. D. Mitchell. Minn. 1929
Edwin M. Stanton

1860 F. D. Roosevelt.. Homers. Cummings Ct. 1933 Lincoln.. Edward Bates... Mo.... 1861

Frank Murphy.. Mich.. 1939 James Speed..

1864

Robt. H. Jackson,

N. Y.. 1940 Johnson,

Ky. 1865

Francis Biddle. Pa. 1941

of Commerce and Labor The Department of Commerce and Labor was created by Act of Congress Feb. 14, 1903, and its Secretary made a member of the Cabinet. This Department was divided by Act of Congress in 1913 into the Department of Commerce and the Department of Labor, and the Secretary of each was made a Cabinet member. T. Roosevelt... Geo. B. Cortelyou N. Y.. 1903 T. Roosevelt ... Oscar S. Straus...N. Y.. 1906 T. Roosevelt .. Victor H. Metcall. Cal.., 1904

Taft...

1909 Secretaries of Commerce

Secretaries of Labor
Wilson..
William C, Redfield/N. Y.. 1913

Wilson.

William B. Wilson. Pa. 1913 Josh. W. Alexander Mo.. 1919 Harding

James J. Davis...

1921 Harding Herbert C. Hoover Cal... 1921 Coolidge.

1923 Coolidge. 1923 Hoover.

1929 William F. Whiting Mass., 1928

William N. Doak.. Va. 1930 Hoover.. Robert P. Lamont. 111. , . 1929 F. D. Roosevelt. Frances Perkins..N.

1933 Roy D. Chapin. . . Mich.. 1932 F.D. Roosevelt Daniel C. Roper, S. C... 1933

Harry L Hopkins, Iowa, 1939
Jesse Jones

Teras

1940

Lee....

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Willam.

Wirt....

[ocr errors]

Va..

Ct..

Ky...

Secretaries

Charles Nagels : Mon:

Secretaries of the Interior

Mo...
Ga..

Hubert

[ocr errors]

The Department of the Interior was created by Act of Congress March 3, 1849, and Its secretary
made a member of the Cabinet. It is charged with the supervision of public business relating to the
General Land Office, Bureau of Reclamation. Geological Survey, Office of Indian Affairs, Bureau of
Pensions, Bureau of Education, National Park Service, and certain hospitals and eleemosynary
Institutions in the Dist. of Columbia.
Resi- Ap-

Resi- ApPresidents Cabinet Officers den ces pointed Presidents Cabinet Officers Idences pointed Taylor..

Thomas Ewing .. Ohio. 1849 Cleveland. William F. Vllas, Wis... 1898 Fillmore. T.M.T.McKennan Pa... 1850 B. Harrison John W. Noble...

1889 Alex. H. H. Stuart Va. 1850 Cleveland Hoke Smith.

1893 Pierce Robert McClelland Mich. 1853

David R. Francis, Mo.. 1896 Buchanan. Jacob Thompson..

Miss..

1857

McKinley Cornelius N. Bliss. N. Y.. 1897 Lincoln Caleb B. Smith... Ind... 1861

Ethan A.Hitchcock Mo. 1898 John P. Usher. 1863 T. Roosevelt.

1901 Johnson

1865

James R. Garfield. Ohio. 1907 James Harlan. lowa.. 1865 Taft.

Rich. A. Ballinger Wash. 1909 Orv. H. Browning 111.

1866

Walter L. Fisher.. Ill... 1911
Grant
Jacob D. Cox... Ohio

1869
Wilson

Franklin K, Lane. Cal.. 1913
Columbus Delano

1870
John B. Payne. Va.

1920
Zachariah Chandler Mich. 1875 Harding Albert B. Fall. N. M.. 1921
Hayes
Carl Schurz.

Mo....
1877

Work..

1923 (artield Sam. J. Kirkwood lowa..

1881
Coolidge.

Col.. 1923 Arthur

1881

Roy O. West lii. 1928 Henry M. Teller. Col.. 1882

Hoover

Ray Lyman Wilbur Cal.. 1929 (leveland, Lucius Q. C. Lamar Miss.. 1885 F. D. Roosevelt. Harold L Ickes. .11. 1933 Vice-Presidents of the United States

Resi- Qual - Poli-
Name

Birthplace Yr. dence ified tics Place of Death Yr. Age 1 John Adams. Quincy, Mass. 1735 Mass.. 1789 Fed... Quincy. Mass.

1826 90 2 Thomas Jefferson Shadwell, Va.

1743 Va... 1797 Rep... Monticello, Va. 1826 83 3 Aaron Burr. Newark, N. J.

1756 N. Y. 1801 Rep. Staten Island, N. Y..Ji838 80 4 George Clinton. Ulster Co., N. Y 173.

1805 Rep... Washington, D. C.. 1812 73 5 Elbridge Gerry. Marblehead, Mass. 1744 Mass.. 1813 Rep...

1814 70 6 Daniel D. Tompkins. Scarsdale. N. Y. 1774 N. Y.. 1817 Rep... Staten Island, N. Y.: 1825 Si 7 John C. Calhoun... Abbeville, s. C. 1782 S. C... 1825 Rep... Washington, D. C.. 18.50 68 8 Martin Van Buren. Kinderhook, N. Y 1782 N. Y.. 1833 Dem. Kinderhook, N. Y.. 1862 79 9 Richard M. Johnson, Louisville, Ky 1780 Ky... 1837 Dem., Frankfort, Ky

1850 70 10 John Tyler Greenway, Va.

1790 Va. 1841 Dem.. Richmond, va. 1862 72 11 George M. Dallas.. Philadelphia, Pa 1792 Pa... 1845 Dem. . Philadelphia, Pa. 1864 72 12 Millard Fillmore... Summerhill, N. Y 1800 N. Y.. 1849 Whig.. Buffalo, N. Y

1874 74 13 William R. King Sampson Co., N.C. 1786 Ala.. 1853 Dem.. Dallas (0., Ala. 1853 67 14 John C. Breckinridge Lexington, Ky

1821 Ky... 1857 Dem. . Lexington, Ky 1875) 54 15 Hannibal Hamlin...,Paris, Me. 1809 Me.. 1861 Rep... Bangor, Me.

18911 81 16 Andrew Johnson. Raleigh, NC.

1808 Tenn. 1865 Rep... Carter Co., Tenn. 1875 66 17 Schuyler Collax.. New York City, N. 1823 Ind... 1869 Rep... Mankato, Minn. 1885 62 18 Henry Wilson. Farmington, N. H. 1812 Mass.. 1873 Rep... Washington, D. C. 1875 63 19 William A. Wheeler.. Malone, N. Y. 1819 N. Y.. 1877 Rep... Malone, N. Y

1887 68 20 Chester A. Arthur... Fairfield. Vt.

18301

1881 Rep... New York City.N.Y. 1886 56 21 Thos. A. Hendricks.. Muskingum Co., Ohio. 1819 Ind. 1885 Dem.. Indianapolis, Ind. 18851 66 22 Levi P, Morton.. Shoreham, Vt.

1824 N. Y. 1889 Rep... Rhinebeck, N. Y 1920 96 23 Adlai E. Stevenson, Christian Co., Ky 1835 ml... 1893 Dem.. Chicago, Ill..

19141 78 24 Garrett A. Hobart. :'Long Branch, N. J. 1844 N. J... 1897 Rep... Paterson, N. J. 1899 55 25 Theodore Roosevelt. New York City, N. Y. 1858 N. Y. 1901 Rep... Oyster Bay, N. Y. 1919 61 26 Chas. W. Fairbanks. Unionville Centre, Ohio 1852 Ind... 1905 Rep... Indianapolis, Ind. 1918 66 27 James S. Sherman... Utica, N. Y... 1855 N. Y.. 1909 Rep... Utica, N. Y.

1912 57 28 Thos. R. Marshall., No. Manchester, Ind.. 1854 Ind. 1913 Dem.. Washington, D. C.. 1925) 71 29 Calvin Coolidge..... Plymouth, Vt.. 1872 Mass.. 1921 Rep... Northampton, Mass.. 1933 60 30 Charles G. Dawes... Marietta, Ohio.

1805 III... 1925 Rep. 31 Charles Curtis..... Topeka. Kan..

1860 Kan.. 1929 Rep... Washington, D. C.. 19361 76 32 John Nance Garner.. Red River Co., Tex. 1869 Tex... 1933 Dem 33 Henry Agard Wallace Adair County, Ia. 1888 lowa, 1941 Dem.

Speakers of the House of Representatives

Name Statel Time
Name Statel Time

Name

State) Time F.A.Muhlenburg Pa... 1789-1791 James K. Polk... Ter... 1835-1839 Joseph W. Keller. 0....1881-1883 J. Trurnbull Ct., 1791-1793 R. M. T. Hunter. Va... 1839-1841 John G. Carlisle. Ky... 1883-1889 F.A.Muhlenburg Pa... 1793-1795 John White. Ky... 1841-1843 Thomas B. Reed. Me... 1889-1891 Jonathan Dayton N. J 1795-1799 John W. Jones.. Va... 1843-1845 Charles F. Crisp. Ga... 1991-1895 Theo. Sedgwick. Mas. 1799-1801| John W. Davis... Ind.. 1845-1847 Thomas B. Reed. Me... 1895-1899 Nathaniel Macon N. C. 1801-1807 R. C. Winthrop.. Mas. 1847-1849 D. B. Henderson. Ia.... 1899-1903 Joseph B. Varnun Mas. 1807-1811Howell Cobb. Ga... 1849-1851 Joseph G.Cannon 111.. 1903-1910 Henry City Ky... 1811-1814 Linn Boyd Ky... 1851-1855 Champ Clark.... Mo../1911-1919 Langdon Cheves. S. c. 1814-1815. P. Banks. Mas. 1856-1857 Fred'k H. Gillett. Mas. 1919-1925 Henry Clay. Ку. 1815-1820|James L. Orr. S. C. 1857-1859 Nich. Longworth O.. 1925-1931 John W. Taylor.. N. Y. 1820-1821 Wm. Pennington. N. J. 1860-1861 John N. Garner.. Tex. . 1931-1933 Philip P. Berbour Va... 1821-1823 Galusha A. Grow Pa... 1861-1863 Henry T. Rainey. 111...11933-1934 Henry Clay. Ky... 1823-1825 Schuyler Colfax.. Ind.. 1863-1869 Joseph W. Byrns. Ten. 1935-1936 John W. Taylor..NY. 1825-1827 James G. Blaine.. Me.. 1869-1875Wm. B. Bankhead Ala. 1936-1940 And. Stephenson. Va... 1827-1831 Michael C. Kerr. Ind.. 1875-1876 Sam Rayburn.... Ter.. 1941.. John Bell.... Ten..11834-18351|Samuel J. Randall Pa. 1876-1881

The Oath of a President The Constitution directs that the President shall In place of protect," W. H. Taft, when he took take the following oath or affirmation: "I do the oath, used the word "maintain." solemnly swear (or aflirm) that I will faithfully

Oath of U. S. Supreme Court Justice execute the office of President of the United States, I do solemnly swear that I will administer justice and will, to the best of my ability, preserve, pro

without respect to persons, and do equal right to tect, and defend the Constitution of the United

the poor and to the rich; and that I will faithfully States." George Washington, as President, took the fol- discharge all the duties incumbent on me as Judse.

according to the best of my abilities and under lowing oath: "I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support the Constitution of the United standing, agreeably to the Constitution and laws Dites.

of the United States.

Brief Biographies of the Presidents

Source: Government and Family Records

67

57

[ocr errors]

23

Va.

Whig
Dem.

Pa.
ку.

66

Rep.

Rep...

Dem.

24

ONDON

Va.

N'tive

Age at Date of Age at No. Name

Politics State Bora Inau.Inau. Death Death 1.. George Washington.. Fed.

Va. 1732, Feb. 22 1789 57 1799, Dec. 14 2. John Adams..

Fed..

Mass. 1735, Oct. 301 1797 61 1826, July 4 90 3. Thomas Jefferson.

Rep. Dem. Va. 1743, April 13 1801 57 1826, July 4 83 4.. James Madison... Rep. -Dem.. Va. 1751, March 16 1809

1836, June 28 85 5. . James Monroe.

Rep. -Dem.. Va. 1758, April 28! 1817 58 1831, July 4 73 6. John Quincy Adams. Rep. Dem.. Mass. 1767, July 11

1825 57 1848, Feb.

80 7.. Andrew Jackson.

Dem.

S.C. 1767, March 15) 1829 61 1845, June 8 78 8. . Martin Van Buren..

Dem. N. Y. 1782, Dec. 51 1837 64 1862, July 24 79 9. wmiam Henry Harrison

Whig

Va.

1773, Feb. 91 1841 68 1841, April 4 68 10. John Tyler...

Dem.

1790, March 29 1841 51 1862, Jan. 17 71 11.. James Knox Polk.

Dem.

N. C. 1795, Nov. 21 1845 49 1849, June 15 53 12..Zachary Taylor.

Whig.

Va. 1784, Nov. 24/ 1849 64 1850, July 9 65 13. Millard Fillmore..

N, Y. 1800, Jan 7 1850 50 1874, March 8 74 14.. Franklin Pierce..

N.H. 1804, Nov. 23 1853 48 1869, Oct. 8 64 15.. James Buchanan.

Dem.

1791, April 23 1857 65 1868, June 1 77 16. JAbraham Lincoln.

Rep..

1809, Feb. 12 1861 52 1865, April 15 56 17. Andrew Johnson. Dem.. N.C. 1808, Dec. 29 1865

1875, July 31 66 18. Ulysses Simpson Grant.

Ohio 1822, April 27 1869 46 1885, July 23 63 19. Rutherford Birchard Hayee Rep.

Ohio 1822, Oct. 4 1877 54 1893, Jan. 17 70 20. . James Abram Garfield...

Ohio 1831, Nov. 19 1881 49 1881, Sept. 19 49 21.. Chester Alan Arthur.

Rep.

Vt. 1830, Oct. 5 1881 50 1886, Nov. 18 56 22. Grover Cleveland. N. J. 1837, March 18) 1885 47 1908, June

71 23. Benjamin Harrison.

Rep.

Ohio 1833, Aug. 201 1889 55 1901, March 13 67 24. Grover Cleveland..

Dem.. N.J. 1837, March 18 1893 55 1908, June 24 71 25. William McKinley

Rep.

Ohio 1843, Jan. 29 1897 54 1901, Sept. 14 58 26.. Theodore Roosevelt.

Rep.

N. Y. 11858, Oct. 27 1901 42 1919, Jan. 6 61 27. JWilliam Howard Taft. Rep.

Ohio 1857. Sept. 15| 1909 51 1930, March 8 72 28 Woodrow Wilson.

Dem.

1856, Dec. 28! 1913 56 1924, Feb. 3 67 29 Warren Gamaliel Harding. Rep.

Ohio 1865, Nov. 21 1921 55 1923, Aug. 2 30.. Calvin Coolidge.

Rep.

Vt. 1872, July 4 1923 51 1933, Jan 5 31.. Herbert Clark Hoover.

Rep..

lowa 1874. Aug. 10 1929 54 32. Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Dem. N. Y. 1882, Jan. 30 1933 51

Franklin Delano Roosevelt is the first person in Baptist-Harding. the history of the United States to win or accept Congregationalist-Coolidge. more than two terms of the Presidency. He was Disciples-Garfield. inaugurated (Jan. 20, 1941) for his third term.

Jefferson and Lincoln did not claim membership Cleveland's baptismal name was stephen Grover; in any

denomination. Hayes attended the Wilson's was Thomas Woodrow; that of Coolidge Methodist Church, but never joined. was John Calvin.

Freemasons - Washington, Monroe, Jackson, Andrew Johnson was a pro-Union Dem., who Polk, Buchanan, Johnson, Garfield, McKinley, was nominated with Lincoln on a National-Union both Roosevelts, Taft, Harding. ticket. RELIGIOUS AFFILIATIONS

ANCESTRY Friends (Quakers)-Hoover.

Swiss-Hoover. Episcopalians-Washington, Madison, Monroe, Gen. W. H. Harrison, Tyler, Taylor, Pierce, Arthur, Adams, W. H. Harrison, Tyler, Taylor, Fillmore,

English--Washington, J. Adams, Madison, J. Q. and Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Pierce, Lincoln, Johnson, Grant, Garfield, Cleve-
Presbyterians-Jackson, Buchanan, Cleveland, land, B. Harrison, Taft, Harding, Coolidge.
Benj. Harrison, Wilson.

Welsh--Jefferson (a family tradition).
Methodists-Polk, Johnson, Grant, McKinley.
Unitarian-John Adams, J. Q. Adams, Fillmore,

Scottish--Monroe, Hayes. Scotch-Irish-Jackson, Taft.

Polk, Buchanan, Arthur, McKinley, Wilson. Reformed Dutch-Van Buren, T. Roosevelt. Dutch-Van Buren, both the Roosevelts.

The Wives of the Presidents

Source: Government and Family Records
President

Wife's Name

Nativity Born Maried Died Sons Dau'ers
Washington
Martha (Dandridge) Custis..

Va.. 1731 1759 1802
J. Adams..
Abigail Smith,

Mass..

1744
1761

1818 3
Jefferson.
Martha (Wayles) Skelton.

Va.

1748 1772 1782 1 Madison.

Dorothy ("Dolly) (Payne) Toda. N. Cari: 1772 1794 1849
Monroe
Eliza Kortright...

N, Y. 1768

1786 1830 J. Q. Adams Louisa Catherine Johnson. Md.

1775 1797

1852 Jackson,

Rachel (Donelson) Robards. Va. 1767 1791 1828
Van Buren.
Hannah Hoes.

N. Y. 1783 1807 1819
W. H. Harrison Anna Symmes.

N.J. 1775 1795 1864
Tyler ..
Letitia Christian.

1790 1813 1842
Julla Gardiner.

N. Y. 1820 1844 1889
Polk.
Sarah Childress

Tenn.

1803 1824 1891 Taylor. Margaret Smith..

Md.

1788 1810 1852 Fillmore. Abigail Powers,

N. Y

1798 1826 1853
Caroline (Carmichael) McIntosh N. J. 1813 1858 1881
Plerce...
Jane Means Appleton.

N. H. 1806 1834 1863
Buchanan.

(Unmarried). Lincoln. Mary Todd.

Ку..

1818 1842 1882
Johnson.
Eliza McCardle

Teon 1810 1827 1876
Grant.
Julia Dent.

Mo.

1826 1848 1902
Hayes
Lucy Ware Webb.

Ohio. 1831 1852 1889
Garfield.
Lucretia Rudolph

Ohio.

1833 1858 1918 Arthur Ellen Lewis Herndon.

1837 1859

1880
Cleveland
Frances Folsom

N. Y. 1864 1886
B. Harrison.
Caroline Lavinia Scott

Obio 1832 1853 1892
Mary Scott (Lord) Dimmick.

1858 1896
McKinley
Ida Saxton.

Ohio 1847 1871 1907
T. Roosevelt
Alice Hathaway Lee.

Mass.

1861 1880 1884 Edith Kermit Carow.

N. Y..

1861 1886 Taft Helen Herron.

Ohio.

1861 1886 Wilson. Ellen Louise Axson

GA.

1860 1885 1914 Edith (Bolling, Galt

1872 1915 Harding. Florence (Kling) De Wolfe. Ohio.

1860

1891 1924 Coolidge.. Grace Anna Guouhue.

Vt...

1879 1905 Hoover. Lou Henry...

lowa.

1875 1899 F. D. Roosevelt Anna Eleanor Roosevelt

N. Y... 1884 1905 *Although born in London, her father was an American, and his family were Marylanders.

Va.

Va...

Pa...

Va.

« ZurückWeiter »