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H. MH. M. H. M. H. M.H. M. H. M. H. M. H. M. H. M.H. M.H. M. H. M. 1 S 6 32 4 55 11 51 6 30 4 58 11 55 6 26 5 1 11 58 6 17 5 10 2 M 6 33 4 54

6 31 4 57
6 27 5 0

6 18 5 9 12 8 3 Tu 6 34 4 52 12 50 6 32 4 55 12 53 6 28 4 58 12 56 6 19 5 8 1 4 W 6 36 4 51 1 53 6 34 4 54 1 54 6 30 4 57 1 56 6 20 5 72 1 5 Th 6 37 4 50 2 56|| 6 35 4 53 2 57 6 31 4 56 2 58 6 2015 7 3 1

Fr 6 38 4 49 43|| 6 36 4 52 4 31 6 32 4 55 4 3 6 21 5 6 4 2 7 Sa 6 40 4 47 sets 6 37 4 50 sets 6 33 4 54 sets 6 22 5 5 sets 8 S 6 411 4 46 5 16 6 38 4 495 19 6 34 4 53 5 22 6 23 5 4 5 33 9 M 6 421 4 45 6 0 6 39 4 48 6 3 35 4 52 6 8 6 24 5 4 6 21 10 Tu 6 43 4 44 6 50 6 40 4 47 6 55 6 36 4 51 6 59 6 25 5 3 7 14 11 W 6 45 4 43 7 46 6 42 4 46 7 52 6 38 4 50 7 57 6 2615 28 13 12 Th 6 461 4 42 8 49 6 431 4 45 8 54 6 39 4 49 8 59 6 27 5 1

9 14 13 Fr 6 47 4 41 9 55 6 441 4 44 10 0

6 40 4 48 10 4 6 28 5 1 10 18 Sa

6 48 4 40 11 3 6 45 4 43 11 7 6 41 4 47 11 10 6 295 0 11 21 15 S 6 49 4 39

6 46 4 42
6 42 4 46

6 30 4 59 16 M 6 50 4 38 12 10 6 48 4 42 12 13 6 43 4 46 12 16 6 30 4 59 12 24 17 Tu 6 52 4 37 1 16 6 49 4 41 1 17 6 44 4 45 1 20 6 311 4 58 1 24 18 W 6 531 4 36 2 21 6 50 4 40 2 22 645 4 45 2 23 6 32 4 58 2 24 19 Th 6 54 4 36 3 24 6 51 4 40 3 24 6 46 4 44 3 24 6 33 4 58 3 22 20

6 56 4 35 4 26 6 52 4 39 4 25 6 47 4 44 4 24 6 34 4 57 4 19 21 Sa 6 57 4 34 rises 6 53.4 38 rises 6 48 4 43 rises 6 35 4 57 rises 22

6 58 4 34 4 56 6 54 4 38 5 0|| 6 49 4 43 5 3 6 36 4 561 5 15 6 59 4 33 5 33 6 55 4 375 38| 6 50 4 425 42 6 37 4 56 5 56

7 0 4 32 6 15 6 56 4 36 6 20 6 51 4 42 6 25 6 38 4 55 6 39 25

7 1 4 32 7 1 6 57 4 36 7 6 6 52 4 41 7 11 6 39 4 55 7 26 26 Th

24 31 7 51 6 58 4 36 7 56 6 53 4 41 8 0 6 39 4 55 8 15 27 Fr 7 4 4 30 8 44 6 59 4 35 8 48 6 55) 4 40 8 53 6 40 4 55 9 7 28 Sa 7 5 4 30 9 39 7 1 4 35 9 43 6 56 4 40 9 47 6 41 4 54 9 59 29 S 7 6 4 29 10 37 7 2 4 34 10 41 6 57 4 39 10 44 6 42 4 54 10 53 30 M 7 7 4 29 11 37| 7 3 4 34 11 39 6 581 4 39 11 42 643 4 54 11 49

Sun on Meridian of Washington
Day of
Day of
Day of
Day of

Day of
Month H. M. S. Month H. M. S.Month H. M. S. Month H. M. S. | Month H. M. S.

Fr

1 2 2. 3 4 5 6

11 43 39
11 43 38
11 43 37
11 43 38
11 43 39
11 43 41

7 8 9 10 11 12

11 43 44
11 43 48
11 43 52
11 43 58
11 44 4
11 44 11

13 14 15 16 17 18

11 44 19
11 44 28
11 44 37
11 44 48
11 44 59
11 45 11

19 20 21 22 23 24

11 45 24
11 45 38
11 45 52
11 46 7
11 46 23
11 46 40

25 26 27 28 29 30

11 46 58 11 47 16 11 47 35 11 47 55 11 48 16 11 48 37

Twilight

Ends

Place Nov. Begins Ends Nov. Begins Ends Nov. Begins
H. M. H. M.
H. M. H. M.

H. M.
Boston..
4 58 6 30

6 20

5 19 New York, 4 57 6 31 5 8 6 21

18 Washington. 4 57 6 31

5 6 6 23

5 16 Charleston.. 1 4 54 6 34

5 1 6 27 21 5 10
MOON'S PHASES, 1942 (EASTERN STANDARD TIME)
Last Quarter,

1D.
1H.

18M.
First Quarter.

15D.

IH.
New Moon

8
10
19 Full Moon

22 Morning Stars-Mercury, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn.

Last Quarter.

30

8 Evening Star-Venus, after Nov. 15.

H. M. 6 12 6 14 6 16 6 22

56M.
24
37

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13

H. M. H. MH. M. H. M. H. M. H. M. H. M. H. M. H. M. H. M. H. M. H. M.
Tu 7 9 4 29

7 4 4 34
6 59 4 39

6 44 4 54 2 W 7 10 4 28 12 391) 7 5 4 33 12 40 7 0 4 38 12 41 6 451 4 54 12 46 3 Th 7 11 4 28 1 42|| 7 61 4 33 1 42| 7 1 4 38 1 43 6 45 4 54 1 44

Fr 7 12 4 28 2 48|| 7 7 4 33 2 471 2 4 38/ 2 47 6 46 4 54 2 45

Sa 7 13 4 28 3 57|| 7 81 4 33 3 55|| 7 3 4 38 3 54 6 47 4 54 3 48 6 S 7 14 4 28 5 9 9 4 33 5 6 7 4 4 38 5 4 6 481 4 54 4 54 7 M M 7 15 4 28 sets 7 10 4 33 sets 7 5 4 38 sets 6 48 4 54 sets 8 Tu

7 161 4 28 5 29 7 11 4 33 5 35 7 6 4 38 5 39 6 49 4 54 556 9 W 7 17 4 28 6 31 7 12 33 6 37 7 7 4 38 6 42 6 50 4 54 6 58 10 Th 7 17 4 28 7 39|| 7 12 4 32 7 44|| 7 7 4 38 7 49 6 51 4 55 8 3 11 Fr 7 18 4 28 8 49 7 13 4 32 8 531 7 8 4 38 8 57 6 51 4 55 9 10 12 Sa 7 19 4 28 10 0 7 14 4 32 10 31 7 9 4 38 10 6 6 52 4 55 10 15

S 7 201 4 28 11 71 7 15 4 32 11 10 7 10 4 38 11 12 6 531 4 55 11 18
M 7 21 4 28

7 16 4 33
7 11 4 38

6 541 4 55 15 Tu 7 21 4 29 12 14 7 17 4 33 12 151.7 11 4 39 12 16 6 54 4 56 12 18 16 W 7 22 4 29 1 17 7 18 4 33 1 17 7 121 4 39 1 17 6 55 4 56 1 17

Th 7 23 4 29 2 19 7 191 4 33 2 18 7 13 4 39 2 17 6 56 4 56 2 14 18 Fr 7 23 4 29 3 20 7 19 4 33 3 18 7 13 4 39 3 17 6 56 4 57 3 10 19)

Sa 7 24 4 30 4 20 7 20 4 34 4 17 7 11 4 40 + 15 6 57 4 57 4 5 20

7 Q 4 30 5 17|| 7 20 4 34 5 14 7 11 4 40 5 11 6 57 4 58 4 59 M м 7 25 4 31 rises 7 211 4 35 rises 7 15 4 41 rises 6 58 4 58 rises Tu 7 25 4 31 4 57 7 211 4 35 5 2 7 15 4 41 5 7 6 58 4 58 5 23

W 7 26 4 32 5 46 7 22 4 36 5 50 16 4 42 5 55 6 59 4 59 6 10 2 Th 7 27 4 32 6 38| 7 22 4 36 6 42 7 161 4 42 6 47 6 59 5 01 7 1

Fr 7 27 4 33 7 31 7 23 4 37 7 36 7 17 4 43 7 40 7 0 5 0 7 53 26 Sa 7 27 4 33 8 29 7 23 4 37 8 33 7 17 4 43 8 35 7 0 5 1 8 46 27 S 7 28 4 34 9 27| 7 24 4 38 9 30 7 181 4 44 9 33 7 1 5 11 9 40 28 M 7 28 4 35 10 27 7 24 4 39 10 28 7 18 4 45 10 31 7 1 5 2 10 36 29 Tu 7 28 4 35 11 27 7 24 4 40 11 29 7 18 4 45 11 29 7 1 5 2 11 32 W 7 29 4 36

7 25 4 41
7 19 4 46

7 2 5 3 31 Th 7 29) 4 37)12 301 7 25 4 42 12 30 7 19) 4 47 12 31 7 2 5 412 29

Sun on Meridian of Washington
Day of
Day of
Day of
Day of

Day of
Month H. M. S. Month H. M. S. Month H. M. S. Month H. M. S. Month H. M. S.

30

1

20

3 4 5 6

11 48 59 11 49 22 11 49 45 11 50 9 11 50 34 11 50 59 11 51 25

8 9 10 11 12 13

11 51 51
11 52 18
11 52 45
11 53 12
11 53 40
11 54 8

14 15 16 17 18 19

11 54 37 11 55 5 11 55 34 11 56 4 11 56 33 11 57 3

21 22 23 24 25

11 57 32
11 58 2
11 58 32
11 59 2
11 59 31
12 0 1

26 27 28 29 30 31

12 12 12 12 12 12

0 31 1 1 1 30 1 59 2 28 2 57

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H. M. H. M.
H. M. H. M.

H. M. H. M. Boston... 1 5 29 6 9

5 37 6 9

5 44 6 11 New York.. 1 5 27 6 11

5 35 6 11 21 5 41 6 14 Washington 5 25 6 13

5 32 6 14 21 5 38 6 17 Charleston.. 1

5 17 6 21 11 5 24 6 22 21 5 30 6 26

MOON'S PHASES, 1942 (EASTERN STANDARD TIME)
New Moon

7D.
8H. 59M. Full Moon

32D. 10H.

ЗМ. First Quarter

14
12
47 Last Quarter

30

1

37 Morning Stars-Mars, Jupiter.

Evening Stars-Mercury, Venus, Saturn.

The Calendar in Standard Time for Cities in the U. S. (How to ascertain the same for 120 United States cities from Local Mean Time Calendar on the

twelve monthly calendar pages immediately preceding) Use Calendar for

Use Calendar for
Use Calendar for

Use Calendar for
Boston
New York City Washington, D. C.

Charleston

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SE Col. Springs.

M.

M.

M.
Idaho
Connecticut
California (Central)

Alabama
Boisé City....add 45 Mb Bridgeport....sub 7 E San Fran..... add 10 Pe Mobile....... sub 8 CI
Pocatello....add 30 M Hartford.....sub 9 Eb

Colorado

Montgomery..sub 15 o
New Haven...sub
Maine

ом
Denver

Arizona
Illinois
Portland .....sub 19 Eb

OM Phoenix, .... .add 28 M
Chicago......sub 9 Cb

Pueblo. sub

2 M Massachusetts Springfield....sub i Ce

Delaware

Arkansas Boston. ....sub 16 E

Wilmington...add 2 E Hot Springs. .add 12 Cb Fall River....sub 16 E Indiana

Little Rock...add 9 Cb Lowell ...sub 15 E Evansville....sub 10 Cg

Dist. of Columbia

8 E Springbeld....sub 10 E Fort Wayne...sub 20 C

Washington...add

California (Southera) Worcester ....sub 13 E Gary... sub 11 C

Kansas

Los Angeles...sub 7 Pb Indianapolis...sub 15 Ce Topeka, .add 23.0 Monterey .... add 8 Pc Michigan

Kokomo......sub 15 C Wichita......add 29 Ce San Diego....sub 11 P Battle Creek, add 41 E Terre Haute..sub 10 Ce Detroit..

Kentucky

Santa Barbara.sub 1 Pb .. add 32 E Grand Rapids add 42 E

Iowa
Frankfort....sub 20 C

Florida
Minnesota
Burlington... add 5 C Lexington....sub 22 C

Jacksonville. .add 27 El.
Cedar Rapids. add 7 Cb

Louisville.....sub 17 C Key West .... add 27 Eh Minneapolis. .add 13 Cc

Davenport...
о с

Miami,
Maryland

... add 21 Eb
Montana
Des Moines...add 14 C Baltimore....add 6 E

Georgia Butte........ add 30 Mc Sioux City....add 26 Cb

Missouri

Atlanta......add 38 Eb
New York

Jefferson City add
Nebraska

9 C

Augusta.. ...add 28 E

Macon. Albany.

.add 34 E 5 E Lincoln ......add 27 C

Kansas City..add 18 C Binghamton, .add 4 E

Savannah....add 24 E Omaha....... add 24 C Springfield ... add 13 Ce Buffalo, add 16 E

St. Louis.....add 1 C

Louisiana
Poughkeepsie..sub 4 E
Ohio

New Orleans..
Rochester

Nevada

O CI .add 10 E Cincinnati.... add 38 Ee Carson City...sub 1 P

Shreveport...add 16 C Schenectady..sub 4 E

Cleveland. ... add 26 E Syracuse. add 5 E Columbus.... add 32 E

New Jersey

Mississippi
Utica
.add 1 E

Jackson.
Dayton...

2 E

.add

1 C .... add 37 Ee Atlantic City. sub

Trenton.,.,., sub
North Dakota
Sandusky.....add 31 E

1 Eb

3 C

Vicksburg. ...add
Bismarck..... add 43 Cd
Toledo add 34 E

North Carolina

New Mexico
Youngstown. .add 23 E

4 Mc South Dakota

Raleigh...... add 15 Eg Santa Fé.... .add Plerre........ add 41 Cb Pennsylvania

Oklahoma

South Carolina
Easton.. ..add 1 E
Oregon

Erie
Portland. .... add 11 Pc Harrisburg ... add 8 E

..add 20 Eb Okla. City... add 30 ce Columbia, ...add 24 Eb

Muskogee. ... add 21 Cg Charleston...add 20 E Salem........ add 12 Pc Philadelphia. .add 1 E

Utah

Tennessee

Memphis....
Washington
Salt Lake.....add 28 Mb

O Cc
Pittsburgh....add 20 E

Nashville.. Olympia.. 3 E

.sub 13 Cc add 12 Pa Sorenton. . . . . add

Virginia Seattle....... add 9 Pd

Norfolk.

Teras ... add

5 Ee Rhode Island Spokane..... .sub 10 Pd Providence....sub 14 Eb Richmond. ... add 10 Ee Austin... ... .add 31 CI

Dallas. .add 27 C Wisconsin

West Virginia El Paso.. ... add 6 M Madison... sub 2 C

Wyoming

Charleston ...add 26 E Galveston....add 19 CI Milwaukee....sub 8C Cheyenne.....sub 1 M Wheeling.....add 22 Eb San Antonio. add 34 CI

... sub

METHOD OF USING THE TABLE ABOVE, WITH NEW YORK CITY AS AN EXAMPLE Directions:--For New York City, subtract 4m. Central, Mountain or Pacific, according as the from the Calendar for that city and the result is letter E, C, M or P is found in the table. A small

letter indicates that in case of sunrise and sunset, in Eastern standard time; for other cities, use the

a correction for latitude is advisable, which corCalendar named at head of column and add or rection is to be found in the table below, in the subtract the given number of minutes, this gives column headed by the small letter and on line with the required standard time, which is Eastern, I the date.

CORRECTION TO SUNRISE

sub

sub

Date

b
с
d
e

h
M
M
M

M
Jan. 1

add 4
add 8

M

M add 17

M

sub
15
add 4

sub

sub 9
add 7
add 14

sub 17

sub 3 Feb. 1

6

sub add 3 add 6

sub 8 add 11

sub 15 sub 3

sub
15

5
add 2
add 4

sub 6
add 8

sub 12 sub 2

sub 4 Mareh 1 add 1 add 2

sub add 4

sub 9

sub 15

sub 2
0

sub 2
0
add 1

sub 5 0

1

Bub
April 1

sub
1 sub
sub 3 add 1

sub 1

add 1
15

2
sub

add 2
sub 7

add 4 add

2 May 1

add 3
sub 3
sub 6

add 4
sub 11

add 8 add 3

4
15.
sub

add
4
7

add 6
sub 15

add 11

ade 4 June 1 sub

add 6
sub

add 8
8
sub 18

add 16

add 4 add 7
15
sub
sub 9

add 9
sub 19

add 17

add 4 July 1 4

add 7

add 9
sub 9
sub 19

add 18 add 4

add 7
15
sub 3
sub

add 9
8
sub 17

add 17 add 4

add 6
Aug. 1
sub

add 8
7
sub 14

add 16

add 3 add 6
15
sub

add 7
sub 5
sub 10

add 14 add 3

5 Sept. 1

add sub

add 5 sub 3 sub 6

add 10 add 2

add 3
15.
sub 1

add 3
sub 1
sub 2

add 6 add 1

sdd 1 Oct. 1.

0
add 1

add 1
add 1

add 2

0
15.
add 1

sub 1

sub 1 add 3 add 5

sub 2

sub 1 Nov.

sub 3
1
add 2 add 5

sub 3

sub 6
add 9
sub 2

sub
15
add 3

sub
add 8 add 13

sub 10

sub 3 Dec.

sub 5
1
add 4 add 8

sub
add 16

sub 13
sub 4
SUD 6

8
15
add

sub
4
add 8

sub 16 add 17 sub

sub 7 sub 9 sub 16 NOTE- The same correction is applied to sunset as to sunrise, but in the opposite way; subtracted instead of added and vice versa.

sub

sub

Ready-Reference Calendar For ascertaining any Day of the Week for any given Date within Two Hundred Years from the

introduction of the New Style, 1752 to 2000 inclusive

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LEAP YEARS, NEW STYLE, 1756 TO 2000 1764 1792 | 1804 1832 1860 1888 1928 1956 1984 7 3 4 725 736 1146 1788 1796 1808 1836 1864 1892 1904 1932 1960 1988 5 1 2 5 7 3 5 1 4 6 2 1772

1812 1840 1868 1896 1908 1936 1964 1992 3 6 7 3 5 1 3 6 2 4 7 2 1776 1816 1844 1872

1912 1940 1968 1996 1 4 5 1 3 6 147 2 5 7 1780 1820 1848 1876

1916 1944 1972 2000 6 2 3 6 1 4 6 2 5 1756 | 1784

1824
1852 1880
1920 1948 1976
7 1 6 2 4 7 3

1 3 1760 i 1788 | 1828 1856 1884

1924 1952 1980

2 6 2

7 2 5 1 3 6 1 1 2 3 4 5 6

7 1 Monday 1 Tuesday 1 Wednesday 1 Thursday 1 Friday 1 Saturday 1 SUNDAY 2 Tuesday 2 Wednesday 2 Thursday 2 Friday 2 Saturday 2 SUNDAY 2 Monday 3 Wednesday 3 Thursday 3 Friday 3 Saturday 3 SUNDAY 3 Monday 3 Tuesday 4 Thursday 4 Friday 4 Saturday 4 SUNDAY 4 Monday 4 Tuesday 4 Wednesday 5 Friday 5 Saturday 5 SUNDAY 5 Monday 5 Tuesday 5 Wednesday | 5 Thursday 6 Saturday 6 SUNDAY 6 Monday 6 Tuesday 6 Wednesday 6 Thursday 6 Friday 7 SUNDAY 7 Monday 7 Tuesday 7 Wednesday 7 Thursday 7 Friday 7 Saturday 8 Monday

8 Tuesday 8 Wednesday 8 Thursday 8 Friday 8 Saturday 8 SUNDAY 9 Tuesday

9 Wednesday 9 Thursday 9 Friday 9 Saturday 9 SUNDAY 9 Monday 10 Wednesday 10 Thursday 10 Friday 10 Saturday 10 SUNDAY 10 Monday 10 Tuesday 11 Thursday

11 Friday 11 Saturday 11 SUNDAY 11 Monday 11 Tuesday 11 Wednesday 12 Friday

12 Saturday 12 SUNDAY 12 Monday 12 Tuesday 12 Wednesday 12 Thursday 13 Saturday 13 SUNDAY 13 Monday 13 Tuesday 13 Wednesday 13 Thursday 13 Friday 14 SUNDAY 14 Monday 14 Tuesday 14 Wednesday 14 Thursday 14 Friday 14 Saturday 15 Monday

15 Tuesday 15 Wednesday 15 Thursday 15 Friday 15 Saturday 15 SUNDAY 16 Tuesday 16 Wednesday 16 Thursday 16 Friday 16 Saturday 16 SUNDAY 16 Monday 17 Wednesday 17 Thursday 17 Friday 17 Saturday 17 SUNDAY 17 Monday 17 Tuesday 18 Thursday

18 Friday 18 Saturday 18 SUNDAY 18 Monday 18 Tuesday 18 Wednesday 19 Friday 19 Saturday 19 SUNDAY 19 Monday 19 Tuesday 19 Wednesday 19 Thursday 20 Saturday 20 SUNDAY 20 Monday 20 Tuesday 20 Wednesday 20 Thursday 20 Friday 21 SUNDAY 21 Monday 21 Tuesday 21 Wednesday 21 Thursday 21 Friday 21 Saturday 22 Monday 22 Tuesday 22 Wednesday 22 Thursday 22 Friday 22 Saturday 22 SUNDAY 23 Tuesday 23 Wednesday 23 Thursday 23 Friday 23 Saturday 23 SUNDAY 23 Monday 24 Wednesday 24 Thursday 24 Friday 24 Saturday 24 SUNDAY 24 Monday 24 Tuesday 25 Thursday 25 Friday 25 Saturday 25 SUNDAY 25 Monday 25 Tuesday 25 Wednesday 26 Friday 26 Saturday 26 SUNDAY 26 Monday 26 Tuesday 26 Wednesday 26 Thursday 27 Saturday 27 SUNDAY 27 Monday 27 Tuesday 27 Wednesday 27 Thursday 27 Friday 28 SUNDAY

28 Monday 28 Tuesday 28 Wednesday 28 Thursday 28 Friday 28 Saturday 29 Monday 29 Tuesday 29 Wednesday 29 Thursday 29 Friday 29 Saturday 29 SUNDAY 30 Tuesday 30 Wednesday 30 Thursday 30 Friday 30 Saturday 30 SUNDAY 30 Monday 31 Wednesday 31 Thursday 31 Friday 31 Saturday 131 SUNDAY 31 Monday 31 Tuesday

How to use the Ready Reference Calendar-To ascertain any day of the week, first look in the table for the year required, and under the months are figures which refer to the corresponding figures at tne head of the columns of days below. For Example: To know on what day of the week July 4, 1918, fell, look in the table of years for 1918, and in a parallel line under July is figure in which directs to column 1 in which it will be seen that July 4 fell on Thursday.

*In leap years the month of February has 29 days.

Dominical Letter
Epact

Chronological Cycles, 1942

i
Chronological Eras

D 13

Lunar Cycle
Solar Cycle.

5 . 19

Roman Indiction
Julian Period

10 6655

.

Name
Began
Name

Began
Greclan Mundane Era.

B, C. 5598. Sept. 1 Grecian or Syro-Macedonian Era B, C. 312. Sept. 1 Civil Ers of Constantinople. 5508. Sept. 1 Era of Maccabees.

166. Nov. 24 Alexandrian Era. 5502, Aug. 29 Tyrian Era..

125, Oct. 19 Julian Period..

4713, Jan. 1
Sidonian Era.

110. Oct. 1 Mundane Era. 4008, Oct. 1 Julian Era..

45, Jan, 1 Jewish Mundane Era. 3761, Oct. 1 Spanish Era

38, Jan. 1 Era of Abraham 2015, Oct. 1 Augustan Era.

27. Feb. 14 Era of the Olympiade 776, July 1 Christian Era.

A. D. 1, Jan. 1 Roman Ern (A. U.C.) 753, April 24 Destruction of Jerusalem

69. Sept. 1 Era of Metonic Cycle 432. July 15 Mohammedan Era.

622, July 16 The year 1942 corresponds to the year 7450-7451 year of 680 Olympiad commencing July 1; 2602 of of the Byzantine era; 5702-5703 of the Jewish era, the Japanese era, and the 17th year of the period the year 5703 commencing at Sunset, September 11, Showa; 1360-1361 of the Mohammedan era, the 1942; 2695 since the foundation of Rome, according year 1361 commencing at Sunset, January 18, 1942: to Varro; 2718 of the Olympiads, or the second the Japanese chronology dates from 660 B. C.

Church Fasts The Roman Catholic Days of obligation are: 1 year except Christmas Day and the Epiphany. Jan. 1 (Circumcision of Christ): Ascension Day The three Rogation Days are days of Solemn (forty days after Easter Sunday); Aug. 15 (Assump- Supplication. In the Greek Church the four printion of the Blessed Virgin Mary); Nov. 1 (All cipal fasts are those in Lent, the week succeeding Saints' Da", Dec. 8 (Immaculate Conception); Whitsuntide, the fortnight before the Assumption, Dec. 25 (Cnristmas), and all the Sundays of the and forty days before Christmas.

Ember and Rogation Days are certain periods of year.

the year devoted to prayer and fasting. Ember The Roman Catholic canon law prescribes absti- Days (twelve annually), about the beginning of nence for every Friday of the year. Abstinence and

the four seasons, are the Wednesday, Friday, and fast together are to be observed on Ash Wednesday, Saturday after the first Sunday in Lent, in Spring; the Wednesdays and Fridays of Lent (in the United after the feast of the Pentecost (Whitsunday), States), the Ember Days, the Vigils of Pentecost, Summer; after the festival of the Holy Cross, the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the Sept. 14, Autumn, and after the festival of St. feast of All Saints, and the Nativity of Our Lord. Lucia, Dec. 13, Winter, Ember Weeks are the weeks The law of fast alone is prescribed for all the in which the Ember Days appear. remaining days of Lent except Sundays.

Ember Days in 1942 are Feb. 25, 27, 28; May 27, In the American Episcopal Church the days of 29, 30; Sept. 16, 18, 19; Dec. 16, 18, 19. fasting or abstinence to be observed, according to Rogation Days occur on Monday, Tuesday and the Book of Common Prayer, are the forty days of Wednesday immediately preceding Ascension Day. Lent, the Ember Days, and all the Fridays of the land in 1942 fall on May 11, 12, 13.

[graphic]

Jewish Holidays, Festivals and Fasts

Festivals and Fasts Hebrew Date 1938-39 1939-1940 1940-41 1941-42 1942-43 New Year

Tishri 1 Sept. 26 M. Sept. 14 Th. Oct. 3 Th Sept. 22 M. Sept. 12 S. Fast of Guedalla... Tishri 3 Sept. 28 W. Sept. 16 S. Oct. 5 $. Sept. 24 W. Sept. 14 M. Day of Atonementt Tishri 10 Oct. 5 W. Sept. 23 S. Oct. 12 s. Oct. 1 W. Sept. 21 M. Tabernacles, 1st Day.. Tishri 15 Oct. 10 M. Bept. 28 Th. Oct. 17 Th Oct. 6 M Sept. 26 S. Tabernacles, 8th Day.. Tishri 22 Oct. 17 M. Oct. 5 Th. Oct. 24 Th Oct. 13 M. Oct. 3 S. Rejoicing of the Law.. Tishri 23 Oct. 18 Tu. Oct. 6 F. Oct. 25 F. Oct. 14 Tu. Oct. 4 Su. Channukah.

Kislev 25 Dec. 18 Su. Dec. 7 Th. Dec. 25 W.Dec. 15 M. Dec. 4 F. Fast of Tebet.

Tebet 10 Jan. 1 Su. Dec. 22 F. Jan. 9 Th Dec. 30 Tu. Dec. 18 F. Purim

Adar
14 Mar. 5 Su.

Mar. 13 Th Mar. 3 Tu.
Purim (Leap Year) Adar Sheni 14

Mar. 24 Su.

Mar 21 Su Passover, 1st Day

Nisan 15 Apr. 4 Tu. April 23 Tu. Apr. 12. S. Apr. 2 Th. April 20 Tu. Passover, 7th Day

Nisan 21 Apr. 10 M. April 29 M.Apr. 18 F. Apr. 8 W. April 26 M. Passover, Last Day Nisan 22 Apr. 11 Tu. April 30 Tu. Apr. 19 S. Apr. 9 Th. April 27 Tu. Shebuoth Feast ofWeeks Sivan 6 May 24 W. June 12 W. June 1 Su May 22 F. June 9W Fast of Tammuz

Tammuz 17 July 4 Tu. July 23 Tu. July 12 Th July 2 Th. July 20 Tu. Fast of Abh..

Abh
9 July 25 Tu. Aug. 13 Tu. Aug. 2 S. July 23 Th. Aug. 10 Tu

The months of the Jewish year are: 1 Tishri: *If Saturday, substitute Sunday immediately fol

2 Chesvan (Also Marcheshvan): 3 Kislev: 4 Tebet lowing. Yom Kippur. All Jewish holidays, etc., (Also Tebeth); 5 Sebat (Also Shebhat); 6 Adar: 6a, begin at sunset on the day previous to that given added month some years, Adar Sheni; 7 Nisan in the table,

8 Iyar; 9 Sivan; 10 Tammuz; 11 Abh; 12 Elul.

The Sun The sun, which has a diameter of 864,100 miles, The radiating surface of the sun is called the and is distant, on the average, 92,900,000 miles photosphere, and just above it is the chromosphere. from the earth, is supposed to be about 125 times which is a kind of atmosphere in a constant state

of agitation, as if stirred by spouting gases. The as dense as water. The light of the sun reaches the earth in 498.7 seconds, or somewhere

more than 8 chromosphere is visible only during a total eclipse.

and looks llke a reddish layer with flaming promminutes. The average surface solar temperature has

inences here and there. been estimated at 6,000 degrees, centigrade, equal Above the chromosphere is the corona also visible to 10.832 degrees, Fahrenheit. But against this es. only at the time of a total eclipse. Its pearly light timate is the fact that hydrogen and helium which

surges as far, in places, as 1,000,000 miles or more. astronomers guess abound on the sun, require a

The corona, in the opinion of astronomers, probhigher temperature before they emit brilliant lights. ably always is visible at points outside the atmos

Harvard astronomers announced in May, 1937, phere of the earth. that they had found a temperature drop of 1,500 The composition of the corona is unknown. In degrees centigrade) between the surface of the the spectrum it is manifested by a green line, possun and its overlying atmosphere.

sibly due to an unidentified element. There may Twilight on the spectroscope forms a continuous be an intimate connection between sun spots and bright spectrum composed of all the colors of the the corona. rainbow, crossed by dark lines. This leads to the Sun spots are dark, cloud-like regions from 500 bellet that most of the earthly elements-Iron. to 50,000 miles in diameter which last from a day copper, sodium, etc. -are also in the sun, and are to a week, and increase in number in 11-year cycles. vaporized into light by intense heat, mingling with The sun sends out 400,000 times as much light the so-called permanent gases such as hydrogen, as the moon, and 90 million times as much as the oxygen and helium.

star Aldebaran.

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