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subjects who succeed to real property in American March 22-The Grand Coulee.(Wash.) Dam began ar British possessions, respectively, to have three to operate its first generator, two years
ahead of years in whieh to sell the property and to with- schedule, draw the proceeds without paying excessive March 24-on Jolo Island, 12 Moros, who dug their
own graves in the jungle, then garbed themselves March 11-In Tokio, French Indo-China and Thai- in white for burial under Mahometan rites and land (Blam) signed a pact ending their border challenged Philippine constabulary soldiers to a dispute which had developed into undeclared war. fight, were killed in the ensuing battle. Thailand gets from French Indo-China approx)- -In Shanghai, eight employes of the Central Bank mately 24,750 square miles
area of China were killed and 63 injured by exploding in Cambodia and Laos. This gives back to her bombs set, the police said, by enemies of the part of territory she lost in 1904 and 1907--the banks backed by British or American capital. town of Battambang, but by special agreement March 25-0.1.0. strikers at the McCormick (HarIndo-China retains the famed Angkorvat ruins of vester) plant in Chicago and at the steel plant in & civilization more than 2,000 years old.
Bethlehem, Pa.both engaged on defense con-The U. 8. Court in Milwaukee, Wis. fined the tracts were routed by the police, to enable the American Society of Composers, Authors and A.F. of L. members to take strikers' places. Publishers $5,000 after it had entered a plea of There was violence, and tear gas was used. On nolo contendere to a charge of violating Federal March 26, an order for the immediate reopening anti-trust laws; 19 corporations affiliated with of the strike-bound Allis-Chalmers plant at MilASCAP were fined $750 each. Gene Buck, prési- waukee was given by Secretary Knox and William dent, E. C, Mills, chairman of the administrative S. Knudsen, director-general of the OPM. committee, and John G. Paine, general manager, -A Pensacola, Fla., Naval airplane beheaded Mrs. were fined $1,500.
Robert Phillips, 35, mother of four children, March 13-Tom Mann, 84, British labor leader,
when it dired toward a turnip field where she died in Grassington, 'Yorkshire.
was working near Robertdale, Ala. -Near Bond Head, Ontario, seven persons were March 26–The Otter, of the Canadian Naval Killed in & collision of two miltary planes from
Patrol, a former "luxury" private craft, took the Canadian Navigation School in Goderich, fire and was destroyed off Samboo light, at the March 14--Fifteen Netherlanders convicted of ter
mouth of Halifax, Nova Scotia, harbor; 19 of the rorism, espionage and sabotage were put to death crew lost their lives. in The Hague by a German firing squad, March 28—Rumania decreed the expropriation of March 15-U. Ş. Attorney General Jackson told
all urban real estate owned by Jews as an act Congress that, although deportation warrants of national reconstruction." Those baptized had been issued against more than 8,000 allens, before 1911 or those who were wounded or more than 6,000 oi these cannot be ejected "because of conditions beyond our control."
decorated in battle and their descendants were
made exceptions. March 16--High winds, and cold, in east North
- In Cape Province, South Africa, Rear Admiral Dakota and west Wisconsin killed 66 persons, of G. W. Halifax and nine 8thers were killed in a whom 38 were in the Dakota country.
plane crash. -A passenger train on the Pennsylvania Railroad - Japanese forces in China landed at Kitchioh Bay, -The Buckeye''-bound from Cleveland for
east of Honghai Bay, 100 miles northeast of Hong Pittsburgh in a blizzard was wrecked at Baden,
Kong. They are pushing inland from similar near Rochester, Pa., by a loose rall;
previous landings. were killed, 114 hurt. E. W. Smith, Vice Presi
March 29--- In the Catacombs under Alexandria, dent of the road, said: "All spikes on both sides
Egypt, Alan Rowe, director of the Alexandria had been pulled from the outside rail, next to the Museum, has unearthed a gold-ornamented body river. One end of the rail, the end facing the of a wealthy, young Egyptian woman of the oncoming locomotive, was moved 22 inches. The
Roman period. Although only the woman's bolts had been removed from the splice bars."
skeleton remains, the skull contains the gold March 17-The U. S. Supreme Court approved
tongue and eyes that were inserted after death. dismissal of the suit of Arthur E. Morgan for
On the body were varibus gold rosettes, two reinstatement with back pay, as chairman of the
golden necklaces and some golden fingernail Tennessee Valley Authority. He had been dis
coverings. missed by the President in March, 1938, after a
March 31-The U. S. Supreme Court, four to three, row which began when the former Antioch Col
ruled that the Government is not the special kind lege president charged his two colleagues, David
of a person" created by the Sherman anti-trust E. Lllenthal and Harcourt Morgan, with im
act but is simply a "juristic person" and thereproperly, administering TVA affairs.
fore is not entitled to sue alleged price-fixing - In Washington, Paul Mellon presented to the
combinations for triple damages under the Shernation, and President Roosevelt accepted. the
man anti-trust law, as a private individual or National Gallery of Art, founded by the late
corporation can. The decision blocked a Justice Andrew W. Mellon of Pittsburgh, containing his Department suit to collect $1,053,474 from tire collection of paintings and sculpture, and also
manufacturers accused of conspiring to fix "colthose of Samuel H. Kress.
Jusive prices" in 1936 and 1937. -Six men attached to the aircraft carrier Yorktown were killed in a collision of two planes they
1941—APRIL were maneuvering over the Pacific Ocean.
April 1-Nearly 400,000 soft coal miners stopped March 19-Following a preliminary pact between
work; 80,000 kept on digging, because their the Dominion and Ontario Province, representa- employers signed a retroactive stipulation with tives of Canada and the United States signed
the Union of those out, 350,000 are in the in Ottawa an agreement for the development of
Appalachian area and the rest are in Utah. power throughout the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence
Illinois, Indiana an Alabama. Work is going on basin, and providing for a deep, waterway from in Washington, Kansas, Missouri, Montana, the head of the Lakes to the harbor of Montreal.
Wyoming and Kentucky. The Appalachian area It is to take the place of the treaty rejected by
consists of Michigan, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Marythe U. $. Senate in 1932, and it is similar to that
land, Virginia, West Virginia, Tennessee and of the Niagara Convention of 1939 and the St.
eastern Kentucky. Lawrence deep waterway treaty of 1932.
April 2- The Dominican government took over conMarch 20--In Argentina, 6 military airmen were trol of its customs service under the Sept. 24,
killed in the crash of an American-built Martin 1940, agreement with the U.S. The customs bomber on a practice flight between Buenos receivership had been in the hands of American Aires and Villa Mercedes, San Luis Province. officials since 1905 to guarantee payment on the - The Rockefeller Foundation report for 1940 listed Dominican Republic's dollar bonds. the closing of many European institutions of -Four men were killed and wounded in fighting learning and research which it formerly aided : between union and non-union miners in Harlan the fight of Jewish and anti-Nazi teachers and County. Ky. students from Germany and German-occupied April 3-An Eastern Air Lines plane, with 16 perlands; the interference of German authorities in sons aboard, bound from Miami and West Palm university and school curricula in the effort to Beach, Fla., for Daytona Beach, Fla., was caught Impose à Nazi "cultural program''; the arrests in a storm and made a forced right-side-up landand disappearances of teachers and students who ing in a pine swamp ten miles west of Vero opposed this program, and the impossibility of Beach, Fla. Rescue of the 13 passengers and sending money to support still worthwhile three crew members was made with small flatprojects in the war zone because of U. S. bottom boats. Among the injured was Dr. George Treasury Department restrictions.
W. Crile, of Cleveland. March 21- Georgia, by a State law, went on East- April 4-In Washington, D. C., a Federal Jury ern Standard Time. The law makes the Alabama found the American Medical Association and the line the boundary of Eastern time. Heretofore, Medical Society of the District of Columbia, the time line has run north and south through guilty of Anti-Trust Law violation, but acquitted Atlanta, with the eastern part of the State on 18 individual defendants. The governnent Eastern time and the western on Central time. charged that the two organizations and the individual physicians entered into a conspiracy given to the Dies (Congressional) Committee inin restraint of trade and interfered with opera- formation about the activities of Ovra, Italian tions of Group Health Association, a cooperative Fascist secret police, in American defense inorganization giving medical service to govern- dustries. Arena, who became an American citment employes for a monthly advance fee.
zen six months ago, told the Dies investigator April 5-Colombia and Venezuela signed a border that Ovra agents had been obtaining national treaty under which the frontiers are defined. defense secrets from steel and other industrial after a century of controversy.
workers. Chicagoans of Italian descent, he said, April 7-A navy patrol bomber plane with two had been "coerced" into paying money into an officers and eight enlisted men aboard, from "espionage fund." Chambers Field, bound for Quonsett Point, R. I., April 17-Three employes of the Chungking-conplunged into the Atlantic two miles off the Vir- trolled Bank of China in Shanghai were shot and ginia Coast, north of Machipongo Inlet; all were killed and others kidnapped in a new outbreak of drowned.
terrorism. April 8--Hongkong announced the Chinese recap- --David Aliaro Siqueiros, Mexican artist, was acture of Swabue, which the Japanese took on quitted in Mexico City on a charge of directing March 24.
the machine-gun attack on the home of Leon In the first heavy raid since Feb. 26, Japanese Trotsky May 24, 1940. planes attacked Kunming. Chinese terminal of April 18-Japanese forces took Ningpo, China, a the Burma supply road, starting fires and
trade and political city and treaty port, 200 miles damaging the British Consulate.
south of Shanghai, in Chekiang Province. It April 9-The U. 8. Conciliation Service announced
was one of the first ports opened under the 1842 that soft coal operators whose decision will affect Treaty of Nanking. 68 per cent of the nation's $1,000,000,000-a-year
April 19--France notified the League of Nations of bituminous Industry have agreed to a contract
her intention to withdraw. incorporating a flat $7 a day basic wage, with the
--Floods and wind storms killed a number of perUnited Mine Workers of America. Southern
sons and damaged property in Missouri, Oklaoperators in the Appalachian area refused to
homa, Illinois, Kansas, Arkansas and Nebraska. accept the agreement, holding that they must
--Hindu-Moslem riots at Ahamadabad, 300 miles retain a 40 cent differential which existed under
north of Bombay. British India, were quelled the old wage scale. They bolted two joint North
after 56 had been killed and 318 wounded by the South Conferences, despite appeals by President
police; there were 400 arrests. Roosevelt; on April 23 the strike was referred ("'certified") to the National Defense Mediation
April 20-New Jersey forest fires driven by high Board.
winds, destroyed 68 residences before the flames April 10—The New York Tribune and the Cincin
split toward the east and west on nearing Lakenati Enquirer celebrated their respective 100th
wood, one of the 45 places menaced by the
flames. Soldiers at Fort Dix, N. J., confined the birthdays. The first named daily is now the Herald-Tribune. During the century The En
blaze to 8,000 acres in that region. More than quirer missed an edition only once. The night of
70,000 acres of forest were burned in two days. March 22, 1866, fire destroyed the Pike Opera
and there were extensive woodland blazes also in House and the newspaper plant. The bound file
Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, West Vircontains a blank sheet in place of the issue of
ginia, New York and Massachusetts. In Plymouth March 23.
County, Mass., fire destroyed a church, à Coast April 13-In San Juan, Gov. Swope signed (effec
Guard station, and 500 summer residences. tive in 90 days) the Puerto Rico Land Authority April 21--Andrew Jackson Houston, 87, last surBill, which asserts that "the Legislature through viving son of Gen. Sam Houston, was appointed the instrumentality of this act states that land U. S. Senator from Texas to fill the unexpired in Puerto Rico is to be considered as a source of
term of the late Morris Sheppard. life, dignity and economic freedom for the men April 22-Japanese occupied the city of Foochow, and women who till it." The Act limits cor- China.
porate (mostly sugar) land holdings to 500 acres. April 23-Col. James A. Moss, 68, of Washington, April 14-Long-term convicts, John Waters, 30, president of the United States Flag Association, Joseph Riordan, 26, and Charles McGale, 42, was killed in New York City in a collision of a killed John Hartye, 55, a guard in Sing Sing taxicab and a bus. (N.Y.) Prison hospital and crawled 800 feet April 24-The New York Court of Appeals ruled. through a steam tunnel to liberty. Miller MC- 4 to 2, that a strike to prevent the use of Govern, another patient in the hospital, died of
mechanical music in place of "live musicians" fright during the shooting melee. The trio were at theatrical performances was illegal. The ruling challenged at the Ossining, N. Y., railway station
was in an injunction proceeding by which Operaby Policeman James Fagan, 32, who shot Waters
on-Tour, Inc., sought to restrain the American to death and was fatally wounded by one of the
Federation of Musicians and the International felons. The latter were rowed across the Hudson
Alliance of Theatrical State Employees and Movby a shad fisherman, at pistol point, and then
ing Picture Operators from interfering with the took to a rocky trail in Palisades Interstate Park, where they were caught by State troopers and
opera company's productions in which recorded
or "canned" music was used. Park police.
April 26-In New York City, Deputy Police In-In Beverly Hills, Calif, James Roosevelt, 33, took
spector John W. Kenna, 50, shot himself to as his second wife Miss Romelle Theresa Schnei
death--the 117th suicide in the Police Departder, 25, a nurse he met in a Rochester, Minn.
ment since 1934. hospital.
April 27-Daylight Saving Time in New York City April 15--In Mexico, an earthquake which killed 84
and most of the State went into effect at 2 a.m. persons and injured 263, and was centered in the area of Colima on the coast, caused damage
April 28-Gen. I, M. Angarita was elected by the reported as far as 500 miles to the east-near
Congress to be President of Venezuela. the Gulf of Mexico and 150 miles to the north --The U. S. Supreme Court upheld the Interstate and the south. A tidal wave, caused by the
Commerce act which bars the exclusion of quake, was reported from several coastal towns.
Negroes from Pullmans and other first-class serThe 12.750-foot Colima volcano erupted, sending
vices on railroad trains. lava over the Colima area and setting fire to
April 29-Western Australia experienced severe nearby forests.
earthquake shocks. Buildings in Perth and in -In Port au Prince, Congress setting as legislative distant towns were shaken.
assembly elected Senator Elie Lescot, Haitian April 30--In Oklahoma, a law against criminal Minister at Washington, President of Haiti. The syndicalism (passed following a revolt in Semivote was 56 to 2.
nole County against the 1917 draft) has been --Governor Lehman of New York signed the Wicks resurrected, and three men have been convicted,
bill (an amendment of supplement to the old fined and sentenced to prison on proof of memrailroad anti-sabotage law which has been on the bership in the Communist Party. books of the State since 1881). Originally it
1941-MAY applied only to steam railroads and contained penalties up to ten years in jail if the safety of May 1-William Esposito and Anthony, his brother, any person was endangered by an act of sabotage were convicted of murder in New York City. They and up to five years in jail if safety was not killed policeman Edward Maher and payroll carinvolved. These penalties were left untouched rier Alfred Klausman, in a holdup. Jan. 14 last, in the Wicks amendments, which now include They were sentenced to death in the electric all trolleys, buses and subways, publicly or pri- chair. vately owned, in the scope of the law.
May 3-The fossilized bones of a dinosaur 4-leg In a coal mine fight, near Middleboro, Ky., four creature 100 feet long were discovered in Alberta men were shot to death and a score or SO Province, Canada, in the North Saskatchewan wounded.
Valley, near the city of Edmonton. The dinosaur April 16-John Arena, 42, editor of "La Tribuna," was alive 6.000.000 years ago.
was found shot to death in Chicago. He had May 4-The birthplace (Dec. 28, 1856) of Woodrow Wilson, 'in Staunton, Va., was dedicated as a miners in the Pennsylvania areas ended in an National Shrine by President Roosevelt.
agreement which, retroactive to May 1, the date -Britain went on daylight saving time. France of the expiration of the old contract, provides
also shifted the clock an hour ahead, making two for a 716 per cent wage increase until Oct. 1, 1941, hours ahead since the February decree.
when the increase will be raised to 10 per cent. May 5 Gen. Plutarco E. Calles, ex-president, re- The miners also will receive a token payment of
turned to Mexico after five years exíle. President $20 for each person employed in the industry & Cardenas put Calles and three of his followers year or more to cover vacation expenses. aboard plane April 10, 1936 for the United May 20—President Roosevelt announced that two States, charging them with meddling in govern- years trial of 8 next-to-the-last Thursday ment affairs.
Thanksgiving Day had not fulflled trade expectaMay 6In the City of Washington, Heinrich Simon, tions-so, beginning, with 1942, he would see to
61, of Frankfurt, Germany, fugitive editor of the it that Thanksgiving went back to its old place Zeitung, died from a skull fracture. Police said on the calendar-the last Thursday in November. he had been assassinated when he left his apart- May 21-The United Automobile Workers—C.1.0., ment for an evening stroll.
in victory over the American Federation of Labor -Sailors who strike on a merchant ship in a safe at an election supervised by the National Labor
domestic port are not guilty of revolt or mutiny, Relations Board, won the right to bargain ex4 U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruled in Phila- clusively for more than 80,000 hourly rated and delphia.
production workers at the Ford Motor Company's May 8-Capt. R. S. Rivas, of Bolivia, on a good- River Rouge plant. The vote was 51,866 to will flight from New York to La Paz, was killed 20,364. when his plane fell in rising from the airport at May 22-Navy trucks and station wagons, driven Washington, D. C.
by uniformed sailors and marines, carried an May 9-In reorganizing the Spanish Government. estimated 200 to 250 non-striking shipyard work
Gen. Francisco Franco dismissed Miguel Primo de ers through the machinists' picket lines at two Rivera, brother of the late founder of the Falange of the 11 San Francisco Bay area yards that have organization, and put in his place Manuel Mora been tied up by a strike since May 9. as civil governor of Madrid.
May 23--An explosion in the Panhandle Coal Mine, - Benjamin Brewster, 33, a New York broker, and near Bicknell, Ind., killed 14 of the men who his wife, Ledne de Baron Lyon Brewster, were were working 325 feet underground; 17 others on burned to death when their new airplane hit a the same level but 2,500 feet away walked to mountain and crashed near Beavertown, Pa., on safety 22 miles through side passages. the way to Warren, o.
May 24-Several hundred Japanese have left the May 10-Airplane (hydroplane) service between Republic of Panama under the terms of the new
the United States and British Malaya was begun Constitution, and the exodus is continuing, by the arrival at Singapore of the 42-ton Cali- mostly to Costa Rica.
fornia Clipper. It returned to Manila May 12. May 25-At Bombay, British India, communal riot-A two-day Japanese air raid on Chungkin, China, ing has caused 40 deaths and injuries to 140 per
killed 230 persons; hotels and foreign embassies sons since May 22. were damaged. May 12-The Chrysler Corporation laid off 12,000
May 26-The U. s. Supreme Court, 4 to 3, ruled
that Congress has power to regulate primary workers in its Dodge division because of a shortage of materials supplied by the New Haven
elections for the nomination of candidates for
Federal offices. The decision covers congressional Foundry Company, whose United Automobile
primaries in the States. Workers (C.1.0) employees are on strike in New May 27-A fire of undetermined origin on the long
est pier in New York harbor (2,280 feet)
destroyed 30 freight cars, 2 barges (on one of te.m as Mayor of Jersey City, N. J., and to an eighth term as City Commissioner.
which the watchman was burned to death) and -A. C. Williams, 22, a Negro, was shot to death by
great quantities of creosoted piling, all intended a lynching mob at Quincy, Fla. He had been in
at the Greenville, N. J., Pennsylvania custody, charged with attacking a 12-year-old
Railroad, Bayonne terminal. white girl.
May 28-Harry Bridges, Pacific Coast labor leader, May 14 The United States Congress approved (275
whom the Government seeks to deport, testified to 63 by the House on the Conference report) a
at his hearing in San Francisco that he is not
now and never has been a member of the Comcrop loan bill, under which the Government will lend to the growers up to 85 per cent of parity
munist Party or affiliated with it. He contraprices for wheat, corn, cotton, tobacco and rice
dicted the testimony of nine government witthat is, a purchasing power compared with non
nesses placing him in Communist party meetings farm commodities, based on the averages for the or in Communist party headquarters in San period August 1909 to July 1914. The President
Francisco and New York. He admitted membersigned the measure May 26.
ship in the I.WW. for a few months in 1921 and May 15-Fires which, it is said, started in several
cooperation with the M. W. I. U. during the 1934 places in a lumber yard adjoining the Cramp
general strike in San Francisco, but denied memshipyard in Philadelphia, where work is in prog
bership in the M. W. I. U. He testified the folress on $113,000,000 of Navy defense contracts, lowing day that he had falsified his age when consumed a vast amount of lumber. The watch
he first went to sea in 1915, because he was only man, Michael Reagan, 72, was burned to death.
15 then and his parents objected. When he apIn the back of his head was a hole, attributed by
plied for citizenship in New Orleans, in July, the police to a saboteur.
1921, he added a year to his age. Bridges denied -The 35,000-ton U. S. battleship, Washington, was
that he knew certain men were Communists or put into commission at the Philadelphia Navy
that he believed it now even when the governYard, five months ahead of schedule-the
ment said they were, "Every labor leader is country's 17th ship of the line. The keel was laid called a Communist at some time or other," he
said. on June 14, 1938. May 16—The River Rouge plant of the Ford Motor -A Federal Jury in Philadelphia failed to agree
Company announced an increase in the wages o! as to the guilt or innocence of ex-U. S. Judge 53.024 of the 85.000 employees; ranging from
J. W. Davis and Morgan S. Kaufman, Scranton five to 15 cents an hour, a total of $6.000.000 a lawyer, who were charged with corrupt criminal year. This is in addition to the $7,000,000 in- conspiracy with William Fox, bankrupt film crease given the workers in the plant since the producer, to obstruct justice and defraud the first of the year, it was stated.
government. Fox, who had pleaded guilty, testi-Storms did much damage in Illinois and Ohio: fied for the prosecution. According to Fox's
five Army men were killed when they tried to testimony, he lent Davis $27,500 in 1936 while land near Nelsonville, Ohio.
several cases connected with his bankruptcy were May 17-In Santiago, Chile, & dclegate to the headed toward the Federal Circuit Court, in Radical Convention was assassinated by a Fascis which Judge Davis was then active. Davis denied youth who wounded another delegate. Mobs in. that he had ever borrowed money from Fox. jured others. The attacks were made while May 30-Ex-King Carol of Rumania and Mme. mass inauguration of 800 Radicals was in prog- Lupescu arrived at Havana from the Virgin ress.
Islands -Fire destroyed 20,000 volumes in the library : -Ex-King Prajadhipok, 47, of Thailand (Siam) an Hampden-Sydney College in Virginia,
absolute monarch, who was legislated out of -In Albania, a Greek, Michailoft Vasil Laci, 19, office March 2, 1935. died on his estate in the fired his pisto! at an open automobile carryini County of Surrey, England. His annual income King Victor Emmanuel of Italy and Albania was estimated at $1,500,000. He had reigned nine Premier Shevket Verlaci from Tirana to the air. years, three months. port. The bullets hit a rear tire. The King tool - France decreed confiscation of all property of another car to the airport and flew to Rome. The Gen. Charles de Gaulle, Free French leader. youth was hanged.
May 31-On the Jersey City wateríront, just across May 19-A two-day strike of 91,000 anthracite the Hudson from New York City, & fire which first was seen in a cattle pen in the th Street death in a stampede into the city's largest stockyard, destroyed a 167-foot granary contain- shelter. ing 300.000 bushels of wheat, hay and grain; half-Japan extended formal recognition to the newly of the six-story Mid-Hudson warehouse; 1,300 established government of Croatia. feet of cattlepens; 18 freight cars, a tugboat and
June & Fire in Wheeling, W. Va., laid waste the 13 barges; two automobiles; a wooden pile driver plant of the Machine Products Company which and 442 steers, 1,265 sheep and 414 calves
was making, on U. S. Government order, parts May 31-In Shanghai, a man in an automobile for bombs and machine guns. Fire in Jackson
stole $2,500,000 from the post office. The cur- ville, Fla., caused an estimated $800,000 damage, rency (Chinese) was on its way to banks and
destroying two of the Clyde-Mallory Line's three was being loaded into armored cars by Chinese terminals. when a sedan entered the post office grounds and -Six U. S. Army officers were killed when their the Japanese, who was driving, ordered them to plane crashed near Lyman, Wyo., on the way transfer the money to his car.
from Salt Lake City to Chicago. -U. S. Secretary of State Hull announced in writ
June 9-A rifle fight at the International Harvester ing. to Quo Tai-chi, Foreign Minister of China,
Co.'s coal mine, south of Benham, Ky., in which that when peace is restored in that country the C. I. O. and A. F. of L. men took part, killed U. S. would move for the relinquishment of her one man and wounded eight others. special extra-territorial rights in China, dating -In Washington, Southern and Northern Coal from the early American treaties.
operators and the United Mine Workers of 1941-JUNE
America accepted a National Defense Mediation
Board plan for settling a dispute among the June 1-Whatever new order of peace and justice various factions,
is to arise from the war must safeguard the rights June 10-Charles (“The Bug'') Workman, charged of the individual, Pope Pius XII said, in an with the murder of Arthur (Dutch Schultz) address broadcast throughout the world from Flegenheimer, pleaded "non vult"-no defenseVatican City. *To safeguard the inviolable
and was sentenced to life imprisonment in Newsphere of the rights of the human person and to ark, N. J. Schultz and three of his gang were facilitate the fulfillment of his duty should be shot to death in a restaurant in Newark, Oct. the essential office of every public authority, 23, 1935. the Pope said. "Does not this flow from the
-Bob White, 31, a Negro, was shot to death in the genuine concept of common good which the state court room in Conroe, Tex., where a jury was beis called on to promdte? Hence, it follows that ing drawn to try him for an attack on a white the care of such common good does not employ woman. Her husband was charged with murder a power so extensive over the members of a and was released under $500 bond. The Negro community that by virtue of it the public had been twice found guilty. His first conviction authority can decide on the beginning or ending was reversed by the Texas Court of Criminal of human life, determine at will the manner of Appeals, his second by the Supreme Court of the man's physical, spiritual, religious and moral United States. A jury later acquitted the husmovements in opposition to the personal duties band. or rights of man, and, to this end, abolish or June 11-Chungking's western suburbs were raided deprive of efficacy his natural rights to material by 53 Japanese bombing planes. It was the goods.
fourth attack of the month. June 2- Over 60 persons who had taken refuge in June 12-The electric chair in the Sing Sing State
a public dugout were killed when a Japanese Prison ended the lives of Harry ("Pittsburgh plane squadron bombed Chungking, China. There Phil'') Strauss, 31 and Martin ("Buggsy'') Goldwere 300 casualties. The British Embassy was stein, 36, members of the Brooklyn murder syndibombed, and the French Consulate was de
cate, who were convicted of the murder of Irving molished.
Feinstein, another member of the gang. Sept. 4, --The Chief Justice, Charles Evans Hughes, re- 1939. Strauss and Goldstein were the first memsigned, effective July 1.
bers of the gang to be put to death. -Lou Gehrig, 37, the "Iron Man" of baseball, June 15-In Guatemala City, Margarita Pop, 47, died from a form of spinal paralysis, in New
was executed by a firing squad the first woman York City. The ailment forced his retirement in that country to be thus killed by court order. as Yankee's first baseman in July, 1939.
She had been convicted of murdering a woman. June 3-Col. Kunio Akiyama, official spokesman -At Chungking, 30 Chinese were killed in a dugout
for the Japanese Army in China, announced that by a Japanese bomb. 36,134 Chinese were killed and 20,000 captured in June 16-Japanese and Russian delegations have fighting along the Yellow River in Shansi agreed on border demarcation between ManProvince.
chukuo and Outer Mongolia, which is the RussoJune Kaiser Wilhelm-Wilhelm II-former Japanese neutrality pact Japan recognized as be
German Emperor and King of Prussia, died in ing under Soviet control. exile on his estate in Doorn, The Netherlands.
--In Washington, D. C., the body of Miss Jessie He was born Jan.' 27. 1859. He was crowned Elizabeth Strieff, 23, a stenographer from Iowa Emperor June 15, 1888; he fled from Germany employed in the War Department, was found in Nov. 11, 1918. His first wife, the Empress Augusta the garage of a private home in the Washington Victoria, died in Berlin, April 11, 1921. On
University section of the Capital. She had been Nov. 5, 1933, he married Princess Hermine of attacked and strangled. Schoenaich-Carolath. At the bedside at the June 17-Japan broke off, at Batavia, negotiations end were his wife, his daughter, the Duchess of which had been going on for 20 months with the Brunswick; his grandsons, Louis Ferdinand, Karl Netherlands Government for an economic agreeand Franz Joseph, and Franz Joseph's wife, the ment as to The Netherlands Indies, relating to Princess Henrietta. Absent was the Crown materials and goods, general trade relations, Prince, who left last week when it appeared that Japanese immigration, shipping investments, his father was rallying; three other members of aviation and communications. the family, all grandsons, had fallen with the June 18-In Southern California, completion of a German armies in the present war. The body $200,000,000 project was signalized by turning the was buried in the Castle Doorn.
water of the Colorado River into the faucets of June 5-Floods in the Pittsburgh area killed sev- homes in Los Angeles (392 miles distant) and eral persons. Homes were swept from their into Pasadena, Burbank and several other places. foundations, two river boats sank in the Monon- Construction of the water supply system was begahela, and six barges were carried downstream, gun in December, 1932. The aqueduct originates impeding navigation. The waters rose above the at Parker Dam. Water is pumped across the 25-ft. flood stage where the Monongahela and Mojave Desert, then lifted 1,617 feet into the Allegheny meet to form the Ohio River.
San Bernardino Mountains by pumps, June 6-The California State Assembly, 54 to 26, -By a vote of 37 to 5 the Iceland Legislative overrode Gov. C. L. Olson's veto of legislation to Assembly elected as Regent, for one year, Sveinn outlaw labor's hot cargo'' and secondary boycott Bjoerrsson, ex-Minister to Denmark. weapons during the national emergency. The --At Chungking an exchange of notes between State Senate, 34 to 5, overrode the veto last China and Britain announced the delimitation week. The measure makes it unlawful for a of the Burmese-Chinese boundary. It had not person to bring economic pressure on an em- been defined since the British annexation of ployer in efforts to induce him to refrain fron Upper Burma in 1885. doing business with or handling the products of -In Rumania, 15 government offcials were killed any other employer because of a dispute between when a plane crashed after starting from Buchathe latter and his employes. It is to remain in rest for Sofia. effect until July 1, 1943.
June 19-Lyman Epps, who sang at the funeral of June 7-The new Roman Catholic Cathedral of St. John Brown, slavery abolitionist of pre-Civil War
Mary was burned by 60 Japanese planes in an days, celebrated his 101st birthday. At his home attack on Chungking. Hundreds of persons were near Lake Placid, N. Y. In good health, be took made homeless, following up the June 5 raid in his daily walk to the village, a distance of a mile. which 700 Chinese were suffocated or crushed to and also helped a neighbor cut wood
-The United Mine Workers of America and asso- they were flying through temperatures of 55 to
ciations of bituminous coal operators in the 65 degrees; 82 degrees was reported up to 6,000 Northern Appalachian area, signed a wage agree- feet. The ground temperature at the field was ment.
94 degrees at 1:35 P.M. June 20—The old U. S. submarine, 0-9 which had July 2-In Nairobi, Kenya Colony. Equatorial been recently reconditioned at the Philadelphia Africa, a jury acquitted Maj. Sir Henry J. D. Navy Yard, went down, with 33 men, in a deep- Broughton, 57, of the charge of slaying the Earl diving test off the coast of Maine, 24 miles east of Erroll, 39, who was found shot to death in his of Portsmouth, N. H., beyond the Isle of Shoals. automobile Jan. 24. The Earl, who was High The craft failed to come up. She was in com- Constable of Scotland, was an acquaintance of mand of Lieut. Howard J. Abbott, 31. Efforts at Mrs. Broughton. recue were under Admiral Harold P. Stark, Chief July 4-Independence Day was marked by 628 of Naval Operations. The craft was located as reported accidental deaths in the United States, being about 440 feet below the surface, to which of which 384 were automobile mishaps. cork Insulation from the interior of the hull had July 6-A strike of 150.000 soft coal miners in the risen, showing that at least part of the submarine Southern Appalachian field was averted by the had collapsed. A Navy sea-byrial service was signing in Washington of a 2-year collective barheld, June 22, and the 0-9 and its dead were
gaining compact between the operators and the left where they were.
C. I. O. The agreement provides for elimination -In Washington, the Ford Motor Company signed of the 40-cent daily wage differential between
a contract with the United Automobile Workers Northern and Southern mines, for vacations with (C. I. O.) covering 130,000 employes in plants all
pay, and for extension of the union shop"' to the over the United States. About 85,000 are in the mines of the Harlan County (Ky.) Coal Operators River Rouge plant. The company granted the Association, last of the big coal fields to be orUnion virtually everything it asked and threw in ganized and the last holdout among the Southern the union shop and check-off. It agreed to pay
group. The basic daily wage, North and South, & wage equal to the highest in the industry, with
is now set at $7. The Northern rate had been $6; individual pay adjustments ranging from 5 to 30 the Southern, $5.60. cents an hour, and to abolish the service depart- -Peru and Ecuador have renewed their border war. ment.
July 7-Robert J. Kirby, 52, principal keeper at June 21-Young King Peter, the refugee ruler of
Attica (N. Y.) State Prison since 1931,
was Yugoslavia, arrived in London, accompanied by Prime Minister General Dusan Simovitch, Minis
appointed warden of Sing Sing Prison to succeed
Warden Lewis E. Lawes, who is retiring on a ter of Foreign Affairs, Momcilo Nincitch and M.
pension, Knezevitch, who, before the flight from Belgrade, July 8-Marshal Petain, in his official instructions was Minister at Court.
to the Commission that is to draw up a new June 22—Byron Patton (Pat) Harrison, 59, U. S.
French Constitution, said that majority repreSenator for Mississippi and a National Demo
sentation and parlimentarianism had just been cratic leader, died in the Emergency Hospital,
defeated, but had been condemned "since a long Washington, D. C., after an operation for the removal of an intestinal obstruction.
time by general evolution." One of the first
problems to solve in giving France a new reJune 23-In the City of San Salvador, Mrs. Floren
gime, he said, consisted in cia Marroquin Perez died at the age of 126. A
replacing the widow since 1871, she is survived by five sons, the
"sovereign people exercising absolute rights in
total irresponsibility"-by a "people whose rights youngest being 11 years old.
are derived from their duties.' June 2The three-day National Eucharistic Con
July 11-The United States Navy published notice gress opened in St Paul, Minn., with 50,000
of mine planting operations at the entrance to Roman Catholic worshippers in attendance. Den
New York Harbor in an area northwest of Sandy nis Cardinal Dougherty of Philadelphia was in
Hook Light Station. The mines are loaded and charge, as the Legate of Pope Pius XII.
are marked by four spherical buoys painted red. June 25–The page was closed on 90 years of rail
July 14--The United States Senate Pensions Comroad history in New York City when the last strip
mittee was informed by the Social Security Board of track of the New York Central was torn from its bed at 11th Avenue and 29th Street. The new
that 60 per cent of Americans over 65 years of
age depended on charity or their relatives for West Side line of the railroad, either depressed or
support; 40 per cent of the nation's elderly elevated, now runs 13 miles from Spuyten Duyvil
citizens live upon their own earnings, savings. along or near the east bank of the Hudson River
pensions and annuities. The other 60 per cent to Spring Street. The improvement, was begun
are dependent upon charity and relatives. Hali in 1929 and the work involved and removal of
of the women over 65 who are employed are in 640 buildings, including two churches and two
domestic service at $3 to $5 a week. schools and eliminated 105 grade crossings. July 18–More than 200 fires were reported in June 29 Pope Pius XII, in a world-wide radio
Washington (State) forests, and travel was broadcast in celebration of the Feast of St. Peter
banned in a 10.000-acre area- because of the and St. Paul, said that, though saddened by the
condition in the Rapid River section of the “tempest of evil, of suffering and of anguish that
Snoqualmie National Forest. It reported 30 fires. now Fages over the world," he saw some comforting sights, among them the courage shown in
The worst swept 5.000 acres and sent many fire del ense of the fundamentals of Christian civiliza
fighters fleeing into the river.
July 20–Chinese regular troops and Communist tion, intrepid patriotism, heroic acts of virtue,
units have been fighting in areas of North China, chosen souls ready for every sacrifice, wholehearted self-surrender and widespread reawaken
in Northwest Hopen Province, Eastern Shantung ing of faith and piety.
Province and near Tangshan on the Lung-Hai -The 44-1t, cabin cruiser, Don, left Dyers Cove
railway. on Great Island, on the Maine coast, with 35 men
July 22-A typhoon swept Tokio and Eastern
Japan, leaving thousands of persons homeless, and women, bound for a picnic on Monhegan Island. A fuel oil explosion destroyed the boat
and killing 15 or more. In Tokio. 76,000 houses
were flooded. The damage was severe in an area and all aboard. -C. I. 0. machinists voted unanimously to end
of 150 miles in length, extending to the souththeir strike against Oakland and Alameda ship- west, destroying 50,000 homes. yards, where they struck May 10.
July 24 In Brooklyn, the County Court dismissed -Ignace Jan Paderewski, 80, former Premier of
a murder indictment against Chester B. Duryea. Poland and a distinguished pianist, died from
70. who had been found guilty of shooting to pneumonia, in New York City.
death his father, Brig. Gen. Hiram Duryea, June 30—The Franklin D. Roosevelt Library, at starch manufacturer, May 5, 1914. He had been Hyde Park, N. Y., was dedicated by the president.
in the Matteawan State Hospital for the Criminal He had given the building, contents and site to Insane until March, 1940, when he was released the United States Government in a deed which
on the plea that he was sane enough to stand became effective at midnight of June 30.
July 26-In France, Marx Dormoy, Socialist leader, 1941-JULY
Minister of the Interior in Leon Blum's Popular July 1—The Thibetan government at Lhasa has Front Cabinet, was killed in a hotel by a time been notified by a special council of lamas, that
bomb in his bedroom. He was there under "police the reincarnation of the Panchen Lama has been surveillance." found at Li-Hwa. 90 miles west of Tachenlu on July 28 -- In the border warfare with Ecuador, Peru the Thibet-China road. The child, born Dec. 2, troops have seized Matapalo Island, which was 1938, is named Tuden Dochi.
occupied by Ecuadorean troops in March, 1938. -In New York City, at 4 P.M., when the official July 29-Peruvian planes were officially reported temperature was 92 degrees, the Weather Bu- to have bombed the towns of Machala, Puerto reau's thermometer, in a vacuum container on a Bolivar and Pasaje, causing deaths and injuries high point in Central Park, registered 125 de- among the civilian population. grees. Pilots of transports at altitudes of 10,000 July 30-A. C. Wenzel. President of the Chicago to 15.000 feet reported to LaGuardia Field that Air College, Inc., was one of four persons killed