Abbildungen der Seite

In tabular form the Bureau shows the estimated is skilled, 39.4 semi-skilled and 24.5 unskilled! defense employments in all groups thus:

During the year, the A. F. of L.-C. I. 0. dispute

remained in status quo, the one important pubNUMBER OF MAN-YEARS licized development being the referendum vote of REQUIRED

the International Typographical Union, suspended

by the A. F. of L. for refusing to pay & special In the Produc- assessment, since removed, to return to the fold.

In Fac- tion, Manufac. Undercover efforts to iron out the dimculty conAt Con- tories of ture, & Trans- tinued with the most optimistic reporting some struc- Final

portation of progress." TYPE tion Fabri- Materials, and

The year elosed with the more responsible leaders Sites cation in Administra

giving serious thought to what may come when tion

defense efforts will slow down or cease. Already

priorities threaten dislocation of the building and Total-AII

construction trades in 1942 and printing and pubTypes.. 2,868,400 6,149,500 9,735,300 lishing face drastic restrictions in the flow of Airplanes.

0 1,883,500 2,715,400 material with the chief threat affecting magazines Ordnance. 0 2,176,100 1.327.300

and periodicals. Ships 1,840.600

0 2,460,300 How seriously the coming of peace is considered Military Posts 846,500

0 1,174,900 may be judged by the declaration of George Meany, Shops

181,300 815,300 1,365,900 Secretary of the American Federation of Labor, All Others 0 1.274,600 691.500 that unless adequate plans are now made "the

depression of the early 1930's will be a pink tea Stated in percentages 36.1 of the work required compared to what we will experience."

Yr. Strikes

Workers Man-
Invol. days Idle

No. 1917 4.450 1918 3.353 1919) 3,630 1920 3,411 19211 2,385 1922 1,112 1923 1,553 19241 1,249

Strikes in the United States

Source: United States Department of Labor
Workers Man-


Invol. days Idle Yr. Strikes In vol. days Idle | Yr. Strikes
No. No. No.

1925! 1.301 428.416

1933 1.695
1920 1.035 329,592

1934 1.856

1927 707 329,939 26,218,628 1935 2,014 1,463,054

1928 604 314.210 12,631,863|1936 2,172 1.099,247

1929 921 288,572) 5,351,540|||1937| 4.470 1,612,562

1930 637 182.975/ 3,316.808||1938) 2.772 756,584


341,817 6.893, 2441939 2.613 654.641

1932 841 324,210110.502,03. 1119401 2,508


No. 1.168.272 16.872,128 1,466,695 19,591.949 1.117.213|15,456,337

788.648 13,901.956 1.860.62128.424.857

688.376 9,148,273 1.170,962 17,812,219

576,998! 6,700,872


[blocks in formation]




Number of Workers Involved in Strikes in 11 Industries Related to National Defense

No. Proportion in

tion in Industry ployees volved


ployees volved All industries 2,371,700 1 out of 17 Engine manufacturing

52,200 1 out of 98 Alreraft... 90,100 1 out of 14 Explosives,

7,600 1 out of 36 Aluminum

28 300 1 out of 3 Foundries and machine shops. 402,600 1 out of 23 Automobiles 447.600 l out of 17 Machine tools ..

66,000 1 out of 97 Blast furn, st'l wks, roll mills 483,700 1 out of 24 Sawmills, log. campg, millwk 459,800 1 out of 13 Electrical machinery. 240,100 1 out of 27 Shipbuilding

93,700,1 out of 6

16 State Liquor Monopolies Do $264,500,000 Business There are 16 States which own and operate alcoholic beverage monopolies and they take in an annual gross revenue of more than $264,500,000 and a profit of more than $58,000,000, the United States Census Bureau announces. The following table shows receipts, profits and expenditures per family. Expendi

ExpendiState Receipts Profits tures per


Receipts Profits tures per Family

Family Alabama $8,443,000 $2,252.000 $12.53 Oregon

$9.532,000 $1,779.000 $25 26 Idaho,

3,630,000 760.000 25.61 Pennsylvania 73,233,000 16,703.000 29.11 lowa 11.427.000 2,356,000 16.28 Utah

4,050,000 880.000 29.15 Maine 5.705.000 1.787,000 26.06


1.625.000 27.000 17.61 Michigan 36,659.000 8,311.000 26. 26


17,557,000 5.019.000 27.97 Montana 5,655.00 1,546,000 35.37


17,767,000 4,129.000 33.03 New Hampshire. 3.914,000 995,000 29.46 West Virginia 12.239.000 3.293.000 27.51 Ohio. 52,199,000 7.838,000 27.50 Wyoming

1,870,000 299,000 26.95 The average per family is $26 22, or about $6.90 per capita. In Alabama and some of the other States there are dry counties, under local option.

Chronology, Dec. 1, 1940 - Nov. 30, 1941


Dec. 16 The authority of the Federal Government Dec. 1-General Manuel Avila Camacho, 43. for

over streams is "as broad as the needs of com

merce." The Supreme Court of the United mer Secretary of War, became Mexico's President, succeeding Lazaro Cardenas.

States, 6 to 2 (Justices Roberts, McReynolds) Dec, 2-President Roosevelt has signed a bill ex

ruled against the contention of the Appalachian

Electric Power Co., that because the New River panding the 1918 Anti-Espionage Act to make sabotage & Federal offense in peacetime as well

was not_navigable, the commission, under the

Federal Power Act of 1920, could not force the as during war, with maximum penalties of $10,000 fine and ten years in jail.

corporation to operate its $12,000,000 dam and -An Indo-Chinese communique said that Thai

power plant near Radford' in southwestern Vir(Siam) troops took over Bandong Island, in the

ginia, under a commission license. For the Mekong River, below Vientiane.

majority, Justice Reed held that the New River Dec. 3—Collision of two express trains at Velillade

was navigable within the law, because it could

be made navigable by improvements. Ebro, 30 miles from Saragoosa, Spain, killed -The State delegates of the Electoral College, more than 40 persons and injured 80.

consisting of the chosen presidential electors in Dee. 4-A United Air Lines plane from Cleveland fen 150 feet and hit a house near the edge of

each of the 48 States, met in the several States Chicago Airport. The wreckage took fire; nine

as provided by the Constitution (first Monday of the 16 persons aboard were killed and the

after the second Wednesday in December) and others were injured. It was snowing at the time

elected Franklin D. Roosevelt and Henry A. and there was some ice on the wings. The plane Dec. 17–An explosion in a Cincinnati tenement

Wallace as President and Vice President. was several hours late. --In the World's Fair grounds, New York City, six

killed 13 persons, among them a baby born to men were killed and two injured when a false

Mrs. Lillian Schnetzer, 42, while she lay buried ceiling in the Railroads Exhibit, which was being

in wreckage. Mrs. Schnetzer, her husband. demolished, collapsed and they fell with it.

Frank, and four other children in the family Dec. 5-An epidemic of mild influenza is sweeping

also perished. over California, Oregon, Washington, Idaho,

Dec. 18—Five Army officers and a private from Arizona and New Mexico at a speed approaching

Mich Field were killed when their 22-ton the spread of the 1918 pandemic.

bombing plane crashed into Marion Mountain

in the San Bernardino Calif.) National Forest. Dec. 6-In New Haven, Conn., Lily Pons_(Mrs. Andre Kostelanetz), singer, renounced her French

-The U. S. House upheld President Roosevelt's citizenship and took the oath of allegiance to

veto of the Logan-Walter bill which would subthe United States.

ject rulings and regulations of administrative Dec. 9-Adhemar Raynault was elected Mayor of

agencies to court review. The vote was 153 to Montreal and leader of a council of 97 men and

override against 127 to sustain the veto, twotwo women. He succeeds Camillien Houde, still

thirds being necessary to override. technically Mayor but powerless, having been

Dec, 19--In Helsinki, the Electoral College, 288 to confined to an internment camp for violating the

12, chose Risto Ryti, 51, as President of Finland defense of Canada regulations.

to succeed Kyosti Kallio, resigned; later Kallio, --Mexico City, the Federal District, and four sur

67, fell dead from a heart attack. rounding States, moved their clocks ahead one

Dec, 20 Slight tremors, originating. it was hour from central standard time to save elec

guessed, 25 to 50 miles underground, south of tricity -"Madre Conchita", a nun, sentenced in 1928 to

Lake Ossipee, N. H., and lasting not more than

half a minute at about 2:28 A. M., were felt 20 years in prison as the intellectual author"

throughout New England, New York State as of President-elect Alvaro Obregon's assassina

far west as Rochester and Buffalo, and Toronto, tion, went free on pardon in Mexico City.

Ontario, and Ottawa in Canada; all of New -Henri Bergson, philosopher, has resigned from

Jersey and several points in Pennsylvania, inthe College of France at Paris in a protest

cluding Philadelphia. against anti-Semitic laws. A Jew, he refused

Dec. 22-Military supplies for Chiang Kai-shek's

Chinese Government are being shipped from the exemption offered by the government from the laws for his "literary and artistic services to the

United States to the port of Vladivostok, thence nation."

by railroad to Chita or Verkneudinsk, forwarded Dec. 10- The Duke of Windsor, Governor General to the Soviet-Outer Mongolian border and then of the Bahamas, and his wife, arrived at Miami sent, by trucks, camels, donkeys and mule carts, Beach, Fla., where the Duchess was relieved, in

to the towns of Lanchow and Ningsia. St. Francis Hospital, of her wisdom tooth. The

In the disputed Indo-China-Siam (Thailand) Duke, by official invitation, was conveyed by a border region a "violent battle" took place. Both U. S. Naval patrol bombing plane Dec. 13 to the sides used artillery and machine guns, with the cruiser Tuscaloosa, and visited President Roose- heaviest firing being across the Mekong River velt in the Bahamas. The Windsors returned

between Thai units around Panom and French to Nassau Dec. 17 on the private yacht, Southern

units near Thakek. More than 100 shells struck Cross.

in Thai territory. -The Swiss Parliament elected Ernest Wetter to Dec. 23-A Naval Reserve plane landed safely on succeed Marcel Pilet-Golaz as president Jan. 1,

Floyd Bennet Field, Brooklyn, N. Y., after col1941.

liding with a private monoplane; the latter fell Dec. 11-In Washington, at a Congressional Com- into Deep Creek, killing the two occupants.

mittee hearing, C. F. Preller, representing the Cuba, near San Luis, Oriente Province, a U. S. Electrical Workers Union there, Local No. 26 Navy bombing plane fell in a thunder storm. of the International Brotherhood of Electrical The two occupants were burned to death, Workers (A. F. L.), testified that its initiation Dec. 24-An earthquake originating deep under fee for the last 17 years and at present was $300

Ossipee, N, H., or thereabout, was felt at 8:34 and dues of $7.50 a month,

A.M., throughout New England and the southern Dec. 12-Gen. J. B. M. Hertzog, who quit as border of Eastern Canada.

Prime Minister of South Africa when Parliament ---The Pope, in an address to the College of rejected his plans to keep the Union neutral at Cardinals, said: "As long as the rumble of the outbreak of the war and N. C. Havenga, armaments continues in the stark reality of this his Finance Minister at that time, resigned from war it is scarcely possible to expect any definite Parliament.

acts in the direction of the restoration oi morally, -The body of the Duke of Reichstadt, son of juridically_imprescriptible rights."

Napoleon and the Archduchess Marie Louise of Dec. 25-In Bethlehem, in the Holy City, the lights Austria, was exhumed from the Capuchin mau- were out during Christmas services. In Europe, soleum, the Hapsburg family vault in Vienna, German and British warplanes did not leave the for shipment to Paris, where, on Dec. 15, it was ground. In the United States, more than 165

reinterred in the Invalides in Napoleon's Tomb. deaths were caused by auto traffic and more than --In the Sea of Marmara, near Istanbul, a sailing 50 by fires. King George in London, the Duke

vessel, Salvator, with 300 Jewish refugees from of Windsor in Nassau, in the Bahamas, radioed

Bulgaria aboard, sank in a storm: 223 drowned. to the world their hopes for a just peace.
Dec. 15-A popular vote in Panama favored the Dec. 31-In the U. S. District Court in New York

proposed new constitution, with fewer than 800 City, Howard C. Hopson, head of the Associated out of 100.000 against it. The Supreme Court Gas and Electric system, was convicted of mail accepted it Dec. 28.

fraud. He was acquitted of conspiracy. His -The new Sixth Avenue Subway, in New York lawyers, Charles M. Travis and Garrett A City, began public operation one minute after Brownback, were acquitted. Hopson later was midnight.

sentenced to five years in prison.



1941-JANUARY n. 1-New Year's revelry was fatal to 170 persons in the United States. -In Germany there went into effect & law by which Jews must pay 15 per cent additional gross income tax to compensate for their “social inferiority." an. 2-The last of the "Christian Front" cases of young men charged with conspiracy to overthrow the U. S. Government were disposed of in the Federal Court in Brooklyn, NY, when the following defendants were discharged and their prosecution dropped: Capt. John T. Prout, Jr., John A. Viebrock, William H. D. Bushnell, Jr., Macklin Boettger and William Gerald Bishop. Previously, 90 others were acquitted, another committed suicide during the trial, and the charges against two were dismissed during the trial. The Hungarian Meteorological Institute states that 1940 was the coldest year since 1825, when it began keeping its records. -Panama's new Constitution became effective and at a meeting in the National Stadium the ceremony of allegiance was led by President Arnulfo

Arias Jan. 3-The 77th Congress opened at noon in Washington. Speaker Sam Rayburn was reelectedVice President Garner swore in the Senate members. South Trimble of Kentucky, was reelected Clerk of the House. -The last session of the House, 76th Congress,

third session, wa held Jan. 2.
Jan. 4-A Navy transport plane hit, in a rain

storm, a granite boulder on Mother Grundy Peak,
35 miles southeast of San Diego, Calif.; 11 fliers
were killed, including four who had parachuted
on Jan. 2 from another Navy plane near Lamesa,

Jan. 5-A resolution barring Communists. Nazis
and Fascists from national or local office in the
Industrial Union of Marine and Shipbuilding
Workers of America, C. I. O., was adopted by
the union's general executive board in Camden,
N. J.
Mrs. Cornelia Allerdice, 43, and her son Anthony,
7 died of suffocation in Indianapolis, Ind.
despite the efforts of another son, David Aller-
dice, Jr., Princeton University football star, to
save them. David, Jr., was burned, as was his
father, vice president of the Kingan Packing Co.

The father died.
-Miss Amy Johnson, aviatrix, was drowned when

her parachute plunged into the Thames estuary.

Jan. 6—The U. S. Supreme Court ruled unani-

mously that the National Labor Relations
(Wagner) Act required an employer to sign a
written contract with a union when a collective
bargaining agreement has been reached, even
though the law does not say so in so many words,
The H. J. Heinz Co. had contested the authority
of the NLRB to require it to sign a contract with
a local of the A F of L. Canning and Pickle
Workers' Union. The company had agreed to
the union's terms after bargaining and con-
tended that it met the requirements of the law
by posting notices to this effect on the bulletin
-The Court, in another decision, upheld the
$50,000,000 awards on claims arising from the
explosions of World War munitions at Black

Ton Island and Kingsland, N J., in 1916-17
-In joint session, the Congress, after the tellers

had counted the Electoral votes, State by State,
announced that Franklin D. Roosevelt and Henry
A. Wallace had received 449 votes for President
and Vice President, and Wendell L. Willkie and

Charles L. McNary had received 82
Jan. 8-The Panama National Assembly adopted
unanimously a resolution in support of the mes-
sage sent by President Arnuflo Arias to President
Roosevelt offering cooperation in hemisphere

-Martial law was proclaimed in the Thai (Siamese)

army, provinces bordering French Indo-China.
Jan. 9-The Thai (Slamese) army, supported by

90 planes, invaded Cambodia,
-Japanese air raids along the East River in China
killed 200 persons, including the Matron of St.

Joseph's Hospital in Waichow.
Jan. 10-In Congress, a bill (the "Lend-Lease'
bill) was introduced, giving President Roosevelt
personal authority to have manufactured or pro-
cured any war materials and to transfer such
materials to any nations of the world in the
interest of American defense. This was followed
on Jan. 13 by a bill to amend, by limiting aid at
present to Britain and Ireland but would reserve
to Congress the right to designate any other
nations to be helped. The amended bill would

also limit to two years the grant of powers to

the President.
-Germany and Russia signed an economic agree-

ment; also one defining their common territorial

Jan. 12–In Quita, Ecuador, Civil Guards stoned
the Presidential mansion and attacked police in
an attempt to release aviators from Quito jail.
They were dispersed by officers using guns and
tear-gas bombs. One man was killed and several

were wounded.
-The 25,269 passenger steamship. Manhattan,

bound from New York City on a West Indies-
Panama cruise, ran aground off Palm Beach, Fla.
The 199 passengers were taken off the next day.

The vessel was refloated Feb. 3.
Jan. 13-The U. S. Supreme Court confirmed,
unanimously (Justice Murphy not participating).
the constitutionality of the espionage act of 1917
which makes it a crime to obtain or transmit any
information respecting the national defense
to be used to the injury of the United States or
to the advantage of any foreign nation", friend
or foe.
- The Official Turkish news agency reported a
"very heavy loss of human lives and material
damage in a flood near Alexandretta. It was
reported several hundred persons had drowned
near the Turkish border when the Asi River

Jan. 14-In Brooklyn, N. Y., sis men were burned

to death and four of ten other employes who
were singed were in critical condition when a
bucket of paint caught fire on top of a kerosene
heate in a box factory. The plant destroyed
2,100 unfinished raw pine lockers, last of a U. S.
Government order for 25,000 to be kept by soldiers

under their cots at the army base.
-Also in New York City (Manhattan) two brother
gunmen and ex-convicts, Anthony (Angelo), 35,
and Joseph (William) Esposito, 33, were caught
by the police after a $649 hold-up in which &
messenger and a policeman (E. F. Maher) were
fatally shot, a cabman seriously wounded, á bank
guard hit in the shoulder, and Angelo or
Anthony Esposito had been shot in the right leg.
The brothers carried 6 pistols and 136 cartridges.
The hold-up occurred in an elevator in a building

at 34th St. and 5th Avenue. - The body of Elsie Owen, violin teacher, wife of Prof. Arthur z. James, 56, language expert, was found in their home, Hampstead, England. Her skull had been fractured. Her husband, 56, testified he had killed her to save her from a bleak future". He was found guilty of slaying, but

was judged insane, and was put in custody.
Jan. 15— The Venezuelan Congress ratified a treaty

with Brazil providing for peaceful settlement of
any controversies between the two nations. The
treaty, signed in Caracas in July, 1940, has been
ratified by Brazil.
-In a proclamation dated at Rome, Alfonso XIII,
who fled from Madrid April 14, 1931, announced
renunciation of all his claims to the throne of
Spain in favor of his son, Prince Juan, 27, hus-
band of Princess Maria Mercedes of the Two

Sicilies branch of the House of Bourbon-Anjou.
Jan. 16-Bolivia and Chile signed, in La Paz, a

non-aggression pact,
In the Gulf of Siam, the French Asiatic squadron
attacked the main force of the Thai navy,
An army bomber plane from McChord Field,
Wash., for Muroc, Calif., crashed 20 miles south-

west of Morton, Wash; seven aboard were killed. Jan. 17--In Hungary, 12 persons were killed when

an airplane on the regular Budapest-Maros-
Vasarhely flight crashed in landing near Nagy-

Varad airdrome.
Jan. 18-The Thai (Siamese) flag was raised over

the French Protectorate of Cambodia, in French
Indo-China, for the first time in more than 50

years. lan. 19-Planes bombed Luang Prabang, capital of Laos Province, which 60 years ago was burned by the Siamese before the French colonists took over. Pakkin-Dun and Ream, a seaport in southern Cambodia, also were bombed. - The German (swastika) flag was ripped off the staff at the German consulate in San Francisco by two American sailors on leave from the Naval Hospital Berlin complained, Washington apologized, and later the sailors were convicted of malicious mischief Sentences of 90 days in jail

were suspended. Jan. 20-Envoys of Germany, Italy, Japan and 53 other countries, including Soviet Russia, attended, as invited witnesses, the inauguration of Franklin D. Roosevelt for a third term as President of the United States. The ceremonies were held on the steps of the Capitol, in Washington. The oath to support the Constitution was administered by Chief Justice Hughes of the Su


preme Court. Henry A. Wallace had been sworn owned by Norwood F. Allman, American memin five minutes before as Vice President by his ber of the Shanghai Municipal Council, was shot retiring predecessor, John Nance Garner.

dead on leaving a cabaret. - The U. S. Supreme Court ruled (Justices Hughes. --President Fulgenio Batista took personal comStone, McReynolds dissenting) that the Federal mand of the Cuban Army, Navy and national Government is paramount in its power over police forces, after army guards threw up sandaliens (a law for registration of foreign born bags inside the Palace, and mounted machine was enacted by Congress last year); and there- guns at the entrance. Col. Jose Pedraza, exfore & Pennsylvania alien registration law was Army Chief, Lieut. Col. Garcia, ex-Police Chief illegal

and several others got by plane to Florida, inJan, 21--The fishing schooner Mary E. O'Hara cluding, later (by boat) Col. A. A. Gonzales,

split open in a collision with a barge, ofr Boston former Navy Chief. Harbor, and sank; 18 of the crew of 23 were Feb. - Near Laurel Hills, Northport, L. I., N. Y., drowned as they tell from the rigging, one by an Army pursuit plane going at an estimated one, when their hands froze.

speed of 8 miles a minute, crashed when the left Jan. 22-Japan offered to mediate the border dis

wing flew off. It carried with it a part of the pute between French Indo-China and Thailand

tail. They landed a mile away. The plane cut (Siam). The offer was made to representatives through a group of poplars and was ground to of the French Governor General, Admiral Jean

pieces. Lieut. Sherman E. Denny was killed. Decoux, in Hanoi. Col. Tatsuji Koike, acting Feb. 5-Japanese troops, going overland from Bias head of the Japanese military mission, and Bay supported by planes, have occupied ShayConsul General Yasushi Hayashi acted for

uchung and Tamshui, northeast of Hong Kong, Japan, on instructions from Tokyo. Vichy ac- in the Mirs Bay area, partly cutting the route to cepted the offer.

Shiukwan by which supplies entered Free China Jan. 23—The 12-ton, $135,000 Transcontinental and

from Abroad. Western sleeper plane, bound from Los Angeles --Ten men working in a quilt factory in New for St. Louis, hit a tree in banking for a landing

Haven, Conn., were burned to death. at the Lambert Field there and crashed. The -In New York City a "New Deal in Education" pilot and a passenger were killed and 12 others

went into effect when thousands of public school were injured.

children took time out for a period of religious - Part of 13th Century Dublin Castle that housed

instruction in various churches and centers. the Eire government offices, including those of

Feb. 6-A Trans-Canadian Airline plane from the government censor, was destroyed by fire.

Montreal, bound for Winnipeg, crashed when Valuables, furnishings and records also were

about to land at Armstrong, 391 miles east of its burned.

destination; the twelve persons aboard were Jan. 27-The Province of Silesia, with a popula

killed. tion of 7,500,000, has been split, by decree of

--An Army bordbing plane equipped with experiChancellor Hitler, into Upper and Lower Silesia.

mental apparatus to reduce hazards of Arctic Jan. 28-Gen. Francisco Franco put all Spanish

flying smashed into Rageed Top Mountain in railroads under government ownership and oper

Nevada, killing its crew or eight. ation, to relieve the food shortage.

- On Long Island, N. Y., an Army Air Corps pilot Jan. 30 Japanese dispatches from Saigon, French was killed and another hurt when their Curtiss Indo-China, said that an armistice agreement

P-40 pursuit monoplanes collided and locked 2,000 ending hostilities between Thailand and Indo

feet during combat practice and crashed in China had been signed at noon aboard the

flames. Japariese cruiser Natori. The armistice was for

Feb. 7-Opposition to the creation of TVA. "power 15 days, beginning Jan. 28.

yardsticks west of the Mississippi River was Jan. 31-In Montevideo, the Regional (Economic)

voted in Denver at a Governor's Council on State Conference of the River Plate approved a draft Rights." The resolution said the Arkansas Valley convention suspending operation of the most- plan would jeopardize continued agricultural favored-nation clause in dealings among Argen

development in the West and would place in tina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay.


hundreds of thousands of farm The Conference, first of its kind, closed Feb. 6. homes. 1941-FEBRUARY

-In Tokyo, Foreign Minister Matsuoka of Japan

opened the Thailand Indo-China peace conferFeb. 1-William Gibbs McAdoo, 77, lawyer, builder

ence with a reaffirmation of Japan's greater of the New York-New Jersey Hudson Tubes, for

East Asia" policy. The head of the Thailand mer Secretary of the Treasury, and lately U. S.

delegates gave his nation's conception of the Senator from California, died in Washington, of

Japanese policy as "prosperity for each, stability a heart attack.

for all." Feb. 2-Princeton trustees issued this rule: "Intoxi- -Chile and Peru signed agreements to foster cation or disorder and bad manners arising from

better relations and calling for joint defense of the use of liquor are particularly serious offenses

their strip of the Pacific Coast under the prinand will subject the student involved to the pen- ciples embodied in Pan-American agreements at alty of suspension or dismissal from the uni

the Havana conference. versity." The order took the place of the one Feb. 9-Earthquakes were felt in Eureka, Calif., 195 years old, forbidding liquor in students'

and were recorded on seismographs in Berkeley, rooms.

Calif., St. Louis University and in New York Feb. 3-The U, S. Supreme Court, 8-0 (Justice Mc- City (Fordham University.)

Reynolds had retired) upheld the Federal Wage --Japanese shelling of Mekong River bridges on and Hour Law. The decision reversed a 1918 the Burma Road has reduced traffic between ruling of the same tribunal which had denied to

Chungking and the sea by that route, and is Congress the power to outlaw child labor. In diverting Chiang Kai-shek's munitions to the 1924 & Constitutional Amendment was submit- route via Vladivostok, Chita and Lanchow. ted to the country, authorizing Congress "to Feb. 10-Gen. Walter G. Krivitsky, 41, of New York limit, regulate and prohibit the labor of persons City, who had been, he said, a former chief of under 18 years of age." It has been ratified by

the Russian secret army intelligence service, 28 States; 36 States are required. The Wage and under Stalin, was found shot to death, a pistol Hour Law (Fair Labor Standards Act) prohibits nearby, in a hotel in Washington, where he had the employment of children under 16 in mining roomed as Walter Poref. His real name, it was and manufacturing and of children under 18 in stated, was Samuel Ginsberg. The police said hazardous occupations, but its chief purposes are that Poref, on Feb. 7, bought in Charlottesville, to fix minimum wages and maximum working Va, the pistol and 50 dum-dum bullets, when he hours for all workers whose products enter in- was visiting Eitel W. Dobert, a former German terstate commerce. Justice Stone ruled that Con- Storm-trooper. The police listed the death as a gress was empowered to prevent shipment in suicide: friends said he feared assassination by a interstate commerce of materials produced by Soviet spy and was scared into putting a bullet in employees receiving less or working longer than his head the standards set in the act.

-The U. S. Supreme Court refused to review a The same Court, 5 to 2. held that disputes be- Federal Circuit Court of Appeals order upholding tween labor unions are not, under the Sherman the National Labor Relations Board in its order Anti-Trust Act, subject to court review. The case to the Ford Motor Company to reinstate 23 was that of Carpenters Union officials who had employees who had been discharged for alleged been indicted on charges of seeking to force An- union activity. The Supreme Court, in two heuser-Busch, Inc., a brewing company of St. other decisions, held that picketing activities Louis, to turn over to their union the millwright may be enjoined if attended by violence, but that work involved in the erecting and dismantling of they may not be enjoined merely because the machinery, although the work was being done by pickets were not employed at the place they were the International Association of Machinists (also picketing

A. FL.) under a contract with the company, Feb. 11 The U. S. House, 353 to 6, voted to extend --In Shanghai, King Hua-ting, editor of "Shun for 15 months the life of the (Dies) Committee

Pao", a pro-Chunking vernacular newspaper which is investigating un-American activities


-Japan celebrated the 2601st anniversary of the Moscow for one year. The agreement is based
founding of the Empire. There were rites before on barter.
the Shinto shrines and mass parades of military -A truckload of ice cutters from Montreal was
and civic organizations to the Emperor's palace crossing the St. Lawrence River when the
to lay the devotion of the people at his feet. The vehicle broke through and sank in 50 feet of
traditional Imperial banquet in the Homel Hall water; il of the 17 men were drowned.
of the Imperial Palace, was dispensed with this Feb. 26Following a proclamation in Amsterdam,

by Gen. Friedrich Christiansen, German Military -Col. W. G. Peace, 64, died in Laguna Beach, Commander, establishing a military administraCalif. He was commander of 11th U. S. Field tion for the Province of North Holland, on acArtillery in the Argonne Forest Nov. 11, 1918. A count of the "disturbed political situation," it minute before the Armistice hour of ii o'clock was announced that six civilians had been killed & German shell killed several members of his and a number wounded in clashes between the staff He ordered a shot fired in retaliation, and police and "disturbers of the peace" --strikers it exploded over the German lines as the war and alleged attackers of secret Jewish organizaended

tions. There were many prisoners. Strikers were Feb. 12-In Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, a heat wave ordered back to work. Christiansen fined Amster

killed 33 persons; 150 are under treatment. dam 15 million guilders as a penalty. A Jew was Feb. 15-violent wind storms in Portugal and shot to death in Amsterdam by a firing squad Northern Spain set fires at Santander, in the Bay March 3. He was convieted of spraying acid on of Biscay, that destroyed hundreds of houses, the secret police. Many were went to prison. The other buildings and boats. Spain and Portugal outbreaks were also in Hilversum and Zaandam. counted 145 dead, thousands injured and property -In Lackawanna, N. Y, the C.IO. called a strike damage running into millions of dollars. Hun- at the Bethlehem Steel Company's plant; 4,000 dreds were unaccounted for in Portugal,

quit and 3,000 pickets went on duty outside the Feb. 16-Storms have spread from Africa across place.

the Mediterranean to the south and east of Feb. 27-The new $120,000, 14-passenger "Mexico Europe. Belgrade reported that Yugoslavia's Silver Sleeper" plane of Eastern Air Lines was Lake Scutari was rising, with some buildings torn to pieces in a grove of pine trees encountered already under water, while in the Batchka dis- in the rain on the way to the Candler landing trict floods had destroyed many dwellings and field in Atlanta, Ga., which was only 5 miles threatened others.

distant; seven of the persons aboard were killed Feb. 17- The U. S. Supreme Court ruled unani- and nine were injured, one fatally. Among those

mously that Earl Russell Browder, general secre- hurt was Capt. E. V. Rickenbacker, president of tary of the Communist party in the Unite States the line. The plane had left New York City and its candidate for President last year, must Feb, 26 and was bound for Brownsville, Tex., by serve a four-year sentence for passport fraud. way of Atlanta and New Orleans. The Court also sustained the passport fraud con- Feb. 28-Ex-King Alfonso XIII (54) of Spain, who víction in New York of Welzel Warzower, alias had been in exile, died from a heart attack in Robert William Weiner, whose case virtually Rome in the presence of his wife, former Queen duplicated Browder's. Warzower, a native Rus- Victoria; his two sons, Don Juan and Don sian who submitted a forged birth certificate to Jaime, and one of his daughters, Princess obtain a passport, must serve two years.

Beatrix. -In Brazil, at Porto Alegre, the Communist leader, -Snow storms along the north Atlantic coast Juvenal V. Silva, was killed when he resisted killed 30 persons-eight of them in New Jersey. arrest. The police of Rio Grande du Sol tracked

1941-MARCH down the Communist leader, who was holding a secret meeting with other communists from Rio March 1---Earthquakes in the area of Larissa, in de Janeiro and Sao Paulo, and a gun fight en- Northern Greece, made several thousand persons sued.

homeless. Feb. 18—The U. S. House passed the bill providing March 2-In Delaware, and particularly in the City for reapportionment of its membership.

of Wilmington, the Attorney General of the State Feb. 19-At Gatun, Army officials watched a cater

issued orders which resulted in hundreds of pillar-type shovel lift out three and one-half

arrests for violations of the 200-year old "Blue cubic yards of dirt--the first dig of the job of

Laws, forbidding any kind of work on Sunday: building the third set of locks for the Panama

The State House of Representatives had rejected Canal. More than 12,000,000 cubic yards are to

by three totes an amendment which would have be excavated. The work is to be done in two

permitted each community to decide the extent

of its Sunday observance. years, eight months

The amendment had Feb. 20-In New York City the members of the

been approved by the Senate. The Legislature American Society of Composers, Authors and

repealed the "Blue Laws" five days later. Publishers gave formal ratification to the con

March 3-The U. S. Supreme Court unanimously sent decree, announced Feb. 19, which ends the

outlawed agreements by which manufacturers of Federal Government's anti-trust suits against

women's hats and dresses sought to eliminate

style "piracy" by registering new creations and the society.

penalizing anyone copying the designs. Feb. 21-Ex-Foreign Commissar Maxim Litvinoff and Palina Molotoff, wife of the Premier, were

Ex-King Carol of Rumania and his companion,

Mme. Magda Lupescu, fed to Portugal, by autodropped from membership in the Central Com

mobile, from Seville, Spain, where they had been mittee of the Communist party (of which Stalin

under detention for several months. is Secretary) for "inability to discharge obliga

March 4-President Roosevelt began his ninth year tions.

in office with a head cold which had kept him -President Pedro Aguirre Cerda of Chile vetoed a

secluded for four days in the White House. bill outlawing the Communist party, explaining

March 5-In Amsterdam, 18 Hollanders have been that he regarded the measure as contrary to

condemned to death by a German court martial the democratic principles that inspire my govern

in &n esponiage and sabotage trial. The court,

which had sat for a week, sentenced 19 others to -Sir F. G. Banting, 49, co-discoverer of insulin,

one and one-half to seven years imprisonment; was killed, with two companions, when his plane six others were set free. The defendants were crashed in the snow near Musgrave Harbor charged with being leaders of a group who enNewfoundland, on a mission of high national

gaged in acts of sabotage and terrorism against and scientific importance, to Great Britain. the German Army and the army supply service, Feb. 22— The Nationalist government in Spain has and also with doing espionage work. The Mayor decreed that Castilian is the only language to be of Amsterdam was removed. spoken or written in that country. In Catalonia March 8-A snow storm left 11.6 inches in New and the Basque provinces the ban against all York City and several inches more in Connecticut. but Castilian is enforced. In Barcelona Spanish Massachusetts and Maine names have been given to the streets, and March 10-In New York City, 1,305 buses quit Castilian is the only language used in schools

operating because of a strike of the 3,500 drivers, the courts or the newspapers, Similar measures and 900,000 daily passengers had to look for. have been taken in the three Basque provinces subway, L' and taxi ways for transportation,

which sided with the Loyalists in the Civil war The strike was settled March 20, with a mutual
Feb. 23-Rochester, N. Y., held a public reception agreement to run the buses and arbitrate.

complete with a 100-candle cake, to Henry Lilly -Twelve firemen were killed and 20 hurt in
commander of the State's Grand Army of the Brockton, Mass., when the roof of a burning
Republic on his hundredth birintay. A farm boj theater fell on them.
from Loretto, Pa., he enlisted in the Union Arm The Chamber of Deputies in Haiti adopted a reso-
in 1862 at 21. He fought in the Army of the lution extending the term of President Stenio
Potomac at Antietam, Chancellorsville, Gettys- Vincent for 5 years from May 15, when his
burg and in the Second Battle of Bull Run

present term will expire.
Feb. 24-The first Swiss-Russian trade agreement, In Washington a renewal was signed to an 1899

since the Bolshevik revolution, was signed in convention which permits British and American

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