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FEBRUARY.

Then came cold February, sitting
Jn an old waggon, for he could not ride,
Drawne of two fishes, for the season fitting,
Which through the flood before did softly slyde
And swim away; yet had he by his side
His plough and harnesse fit to till the ground,
And tooles to prune the trees, before the pride

Of hasting prime did make them burgeon round. Spenser. This month has Pisoes or the fishes for In short, with whatsoe'er our hearts we hold its zodiacal sign. Numa, who was chosen Are purified, was Februa termed of old; by the Roman people to succeed Ro- Lustrations are from hence, from hence the mulus as their king, and became their legislator, placed it the second in the of this our month of February came; year, as it remains with us, and dedi- In which the priests of Pan processions made ; cated it to Neptune, the lord of waters. Of such as had no dirges when they died;

In which the tombs were also purified Its name is from the Februa, or Feralia, for our religious fathers did maintain, sacrifices offered to the manes of the Purgations expiated every stain gods at this season. Ovid in his Fasti of guilt and sin; from Greece the custom attests the derivation :

came, In ancient times, purgations had the name

But here adopted by another name; Of Februa , various customs prove the same; The Grecians held ihat pure lustrations could The pontiffs from the rex and famen crave

Efface an impious deed, or guilt of blood A lock of wool; in former days they gave

Weak men; to think that water can make To wool the name of Februa.

clean A pliant branch cut from a lofty pine, A bloody crime, or any sinful stain. Which round the temples of the priests they

Massey's Ovid. twine,

Our Saxon ancestors, according to Ver. Is Februa called ; which if the priest demand, stegan, “called February Sprout-kele, by A branch of pine is put into his hand : kele meaning the kele-wurt, which we now call the colewurt, the greatest pot- he remarks that “if February were not wurt in time long past that our ancestors the precursor of spring, it would be the used, and the broth made therewith was least pleasant season of the year, Novemthereof also called kele; for before we ber not excepted. The thaws now take borrowed from the French the name of place; and a clammy mixture of moisture potage, and the name of herbe, the one and cold succeeds, which is the most in our owne language was called kele, and disagreeable of wintry sensations.” Yet the other wurt; and as this kele-wurt, so variable is our climate, that the Febru. or potage-hearbe, was the chiefe winter- ary of 1825 broke in upon the inhabitants wurt for the sustenance of the husband- of the metropolis with a day or two of man, so was it the first hearbe that in piercing cold, and realized a delightful this moneth began to yeeld out whole- description of January sparkled from the some yong sprouts, and consequently same pen. “What can be more delicately gave thereunto the name of Sprout-kele.beautiful than the spectacle which someThe “ kele” here mentioned, is the well- limes salutes the eye at the breakfastknown kale of the cabbage tribe. But room window, occasioned by the hoarthe Saxons likewise called this month frost dew? If a jeweller had come to Solmonath,” which Dr. Frank Sayers in dress every plant over night, to surprise his “Disquisitions” says, is explained an Eastern sultan, he could not produce by Bede “mensis plancentarum,” and any thing like the pearly drops,' or the rendered by Spelman in an unedited silvery plumage.' An ordinary bed of manuscript pan-cake month," because greens, to those who are not at the in the course of it, cakes were offered by mercy of their own vulgar associations, the pagan Saxons to the sun; and “Sol," will sometimes look crisp and corrugated or “soul,” signified “ food," or cakes." emerald, powdered with diamonds.'

In “ The Months,” by Mr. Leigh Hunt,

THE SEASON.

Sunk in the vale, whose concave depth receives
The waters draining from these shelvy banks
When the shower beats, yon pool with pallid gleam
Betrays its icy covering. From the glade
Issuing in pensive fle, and moving slow,
The cattle, all unwitting of the change,
To quench their customary thirst advance.
With wondering stare and fruitless search they trace
The solid margin: now bend low the head
In act to drink; now with fastidious nose
Snuffing the marble floor, and breathing loud,
From the cold touch withdraw. Awhile they stand
In disappointment mute ; with ponderous feet
Then bruise the surface: to each stroke the woods

Reply; forth gushes the imprisoned wave.
February 1.

yet he declares that “her five modern

lives mention little else but wonderful st. Ignatius. St. Pionius, A. D. 250. St.

miracles.” According to the same author, Bridget. St. Kinnia. St. Sigebert II. she flourished in the beginning of the King

sixth century, her body was found in the St. Bridget.

twelfth century, and her head “is now St. Bride, .otherwise St. Bridget, con- kept in the church of the Jesuits at Lisfers her name upon the parish of St. bon.” This writer does not favour us Bride's, for to her its church in Fleet- with any of her miracles, but bishop Pastreet is dedicated. Butler says she was trick mentions, ihat wild ducks swimborn in Ulster, built herself a cell ming in the water, or flying in the air, under a large oak, thence called Kill-dara, obeyed her call, came to her hand, lei or cell of the oak, was joined by others of her embrace them, and then she let them her own sex, formed several nunneries, fly away again. He also found in the and became patroness of Ireland.

“But,'

breviary of Sarum, that when she was sent says Butler, “ a full account of her vir- a-milking hy her mother to make butter, "ues has not been transmitted down to us, she gave away all the milk to the poor; together with the veneration of her name;" that when the rest of the maids brought

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FEBRUARY.

Then came cold February, sitting
In an old waggon, for he could not ride,
Drawne of two fishes, for the season fitting,
Which through the flood before did softly slyde
And swim away; yet had he by his side
His plough and harnesse fit to till the ground,
And tooles to prune the trees, before the pride

Of hasting prime did make them burgeon round. Spenser. This month has Pisoes or the fishes for In short, with whatsoe'er our he: its zodiacal sign. Numa, who was chosen Are purified, was Februa termed by the Roman people to succeed Ro- Lustrations are from hence, fro mulus as their king, and became their legislator, placed it the second in the of this our month of February year, as it remains with us, and dedi- In which the priests of Pan proc cated it to Neptune, the lord of waters. Of such as had no dirges when

In which the tombs were also Its name is from the Februa, or Feralia, for our religious fathers did m. sacrifices offered to the manes of the Purgations expiated every stain gods at this season. Ovid in his Fasti of guilt and sin; from Green attests the derivation :

came, In ancient times, purgations had the name

But here adopted by another n Of Februa , vərious customs prove the same ;

The Grecians held ibat pure li The pontiffs from the rex and flamen crave

Efface an impious deed, or gu. A lock of wool ; in former days they gave

Weak men; to think that w To wool the name of Februa.

clean A pliant branch cut from a lofty pine, A bloody crime, or any sinful which round the temples of the priests they twine,

Our Saxon ancestors, acc Is Februa called ; which if the priest demand, stegan, “ called February A branch of pine is put into his hand : kele meaning the kele-wi

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Kon the pagan

1 of publicly of the gods miests do the !1 these cereether the cusvy; I fear, I gs, we rather *n than Jesus us that their ficent in their ; but Christ

telling us, to thy closet, floor pray to I become of

commandbecome of

n's Concord cks went in lles, which kled withi the abbot. m the sassion was celebrated, ring, were onks' can

in the pa

ple joined
sious to

as if it

Austin says,

in their milk she prayed, and the butter call the Purification of the virgin, they multiplied ; that the butter she gave away observe it with great pomp. It stands as she divided into twelve parts,

a holiday in the calendar of the church were for the twelve apostles; and one of England. Naogeorgus thus introduces part she made bigger than any of the the day; or rather Barnaby Googe, in rest, which stood for Christ's portion; his translation of that author's, “ Popish though it is strange,” says Patrick,“ that Kingdom :" she forget to make another inequality hy “ Then comes the Day wherein the Virgin

offred Christ unto ordering one portion more of the butter to be made bigger than the remaining The Father chiefe, as Moyses law

commaunded hir to do. ones in honour of St. Peter, the prince of

Then numbers great of Tapers large, the apostles."

both men and women beare BURIAL OP ALLELUIA.

To Church, being halowed there with pomp In Mr. Fosbroke's “ British Monarch

and dreadful words to heare. ism," the observation of this catholic ce

This done, eche man his Candell lightes remony is noticed as being mentioned in

where chiefest seemeth hee, Ernulphus's Annals of Rochester Cathe- Whose Taper greatest may be seene dral,” and by Selden. From thence it ap

and fortunate to bee; pears to have taken place just before the Whose Candell burneth cleare and bright, octaves of Easter

66 that it

a wondrous force and might

Doth in these Candels lie, which if used to be sung in all churches from Easter to Pentecost, but Damasus ordered

at any time they light, it to be performed at certain times, They sure beleve that neyther storme whence it was chanted on Sundays from Nor thunder in the skies be heard,

or tempest dare abide, the octaves of Epiphany to Septuagesima,

nor any Devil's spide, and on the Sundays from the octaves of Nor fearefull sprites that w Ike by night, Pentecost and Advent. One mode of

nor hurts of frost or haile." burying the Alleluia was this : in the

According to “The Posey of Prayers, or sabbath of the Septuagesima at Nones, the Key of Heaven," it is called Candlethe choristers assembled in the great ves- mas, because before mass is said this day, tiary, and there arranged the ceremony, the church_blesses her candles for the Having finished the last · Benedicamus,' whole year, and makes a procession with they advanced with crosses, torches, holy hallowed or blessed candles in the hands waters, and incense, carrying a turf (Gle- of the faithful." bam) in the manner of a coffin, passed From catholic service-books, quoted through the choir and went howling to in “ Pagano Papismus," some particulars the cloister, as far as the place of inter- are collected concerning the blessing ment; and then having sprinkled the wa- of the candles. Being at the altar, ter, and censed the place, returned by the the priest says over them several prayers ; same road. According to a story (whe- one of which commences thus: “O Lord ther true or false) in one of the churcies Jesu Christ, who enlightenest every one of Paris, a choir boy used to whip a top, that cometh into the world, pour out thy marked with Alleluia, written in golden benediction upon these Candles, and letters, from one end of the choir to the sanctifie them with the light of thy other. In other places Alleluia was bu- grace,” &c. Another begins: “Holy ried by a serious service on Septuagesima Lord, Father Almighty, Everlasting God, Sunday.”

who hast created all things of nothing, FLORAL DIRECTORY.

and by the labour of hees caused this Lesser Water Moss. Fontinalis minor. liquor to come to the perfection of a wax Dedicated to St. Ignatius.

candle; we humbly beseech thee, that by Bay. Laurus nobilis.

the invocation of thy most holy name, Dedicated to St. Bridget.

and by the intercession of the blessed

virgin, ever a virgin, whose festivals are February 2.

this day devoutly celebrated, and by the Holiday at the Public Otħces, exiept Excise, Stamps,

prayers of all ihy saints, thou wouldst

vouchsafe to bless and sanctifie these canThe Purification. St. Laurence, Arch- dles," &c. Then the priest sprinkles the bishop of Canterbury, A. D. 619 candles thrice with holy water, saying

Sprinkle me with,” &c. and perfumes This being the festival which catholics them thrice witi incense. One of the

and Customs.

CANDLEMAS DAY.

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