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them to cross the water and go to the house of her friend the clergyman. While they were talking, the Graf with his attendants came from the castle, and seeing persons in a foreign dress standing near his gate, sent one of his retinue to inquire who they were, what they wanted, and whither they were going. Before the Graf received his answers, he walked up and questioned them in person. Penn replied, that they were Englishmen from Holland, and were going no farther than to his own town of Mulheim; on hearing which answer, one of the Graf's gentlemen walked up to the strangers with a frown on his face, and asked them if they knew before whom they stood; and if they had not yet learned how to deport themselves before noblemen and in the presence of princes? Penn answered, he was not aware of any disrespect. “Then why don't you take off your hats?' said one. “Is it respectful to stand covered in the presence of the sovereign of the country?' The Quakers took no notice of his gesture, but replied that they uncovered to none but God. “Well, then,' said the Graf, 'get out of my dominions; you shall not go to my town.' Penn tried to reason with the offended Graf von Falkenstein, who called his men, and bade them lead these English men out of his estates.
It was dusk; they were alone in a strange land; for, after conducting them to a thick forest, the soldiers returned to the castle and left them to find their own way back. This forest was three miles in length, and the roads being unknown to them, and the night dark, they wandered in and out. At length they came into an open country, and were soon below a city wall. What city? It was ten o'clock; the gates were shut. In vain they hailed; no sentinel replied. The town had no
suburbs; not a single house or building stood beyond the ditch. They lay down in an open field, in search of such repose as they might find on the marshy ground of the Lower Rhine. At three in the morning they got up, stiff with cold, and walked about till five, comforting each other with the assurance that a great day for Germany was at hand, several places in that country being almost ripe for the harvest. After the cathedral clock struck five the gates were opened, and the outcasts gained the shelter of their inn.
Mästricht was surprised with fear, the common disease of this country,' says Penn, when he heard of the affair with Graf von Falkenstein. He asked minutely what had passed, and was relieved to find they had not named the Countess. For themselves he thought they had escaped pretty well, as the Graf usually amused himself by setting his dogs to worry persons who were found loitering near his castle gates.
Failing to see the young Countess, Penn had the satisfaction to receive from her a message by the hand of her page. In return he wrote to her a long letter of consolation; and so he went his way.
Dropping down the Rhine-proclaiming their mission in all towns and preparing men for emigration--the travellers at length arrived at Amsterdam. There they found that Fox had gone to Harlingen, whither Penn followed him; and so they stayed in Holland and in the countries about the Elbe and the Lower Rhine until the winter set in, when they again returned to England, by way of Rotterdam and Harwich. On the passage home they met a violent storm. They were at sea three days and nights; the rain fell in torrents; the wind set dead against them; the vessel sprang a
leak; and labour at the pumps, both night and day, could hardly keep the hold from filling. Fear fell on the seamen; but no sooner had the danger passed away, than they resumed their wanton mood.
On landing at Harwich, Fox proposed to hold a meeting in that town and then going on by Colchester and other places make their way towards London. Penn was anxious to be at Worminghurst; and while his friends were willing to travel luxuriously in a cart bedded with straw, he mounted the best horse he could find and rode away.
For two years after his return from Germany, Penn was much in the world and much about the court. His position was a strange one. Standing aloof from all intrigues in that intriguing court; taking no direct and personal part in politics; a candidate for no office; seeking no honour, no emolument that courts can give; accustomed from his youth to mix on equal terms with peers; acquainted with the leading spirits of the day, yet free from their ambition and their lust of pleasure; no man's rival in either love, business, or gallantry; his neutrality in personal and party strife secured to him a larger share of intercourse with leading men than any other individual of the time enjoyed. While graced so highly by the Duke of York, it was easy for him to maintain a high standing with the wits, ministers, and favourites, who daily thronged the galleries of Whitehall; and far beyond that circle he enjoyed the confidence of men whom no such blandish ments could win. Not only was he intimate with the Catholic Duke of Ormonde and his sons the Farl of Ossory and Lord Arran, but also with that champion of Protestant doctrine, the pious Tillotson. His virtues were appreciated by the Whig Lord Russell, the Tory Lord Hyde and the Republican Algernon Sydney. Of other men with whom be lived at this time on terms of intimacy, there were the Duke of Buckingham, the Earl of Shaftsbury, the Marquis of Halifax, the Earl of Sunder. land, the Earl of Essex, and Lord Churchill. Some of these friends adopted his views on the great subject of Liberty of Faith. Buckingham was supporting a more liberal policy in parliament; and Penn tried very hard to induce him to devote his splendid talents to this national reform. By Penn's advice the Duke made more than one attempt; but the Church party was too wary to be surprised, too powerful to be overthrown; and then a new face a fresh whim a fit of the spleen, would distract his grace. In the Duke of Yorkand in him alone-Penn found a steadfast friend to Liberty of Conscience. Penn availed himself of the royal favour to obtain a pardon for his brethren when they feil under persecution and to urge on the great work of securing an act of Toleration from the House of Commons.
But the family with which he held the most intimate relations was that of Sydney. With the several members of this gifted race he lived on friendly terms. Estranged from each other, they put confidence in Penn-appealed to his wisdom in their difficulties, and sometimes placed their interests in his charge. Towards Henry Sydney, a man younger than himself, Penn retained an affection which had commenced in early life; but to bis great brother Algernon he was at once a friend and pupil. Henry was nearly twenty years younger than his illustrious brother. He had seen but little of the best period of the Revolution and had never known the purer and more moderate of its chiefs. Gifted by nature with a handsome face and a voluptuous imagination he had easily taken up the courtly habits which he found in fashion when he entered life. Between the brothers there was little sympathy, and not much love. In his infancy Algernon had been remarkable for his fine wit and