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4 Ah, sir !” exclaimed a second gen- he would follow him to his master. tleman, “ your argument is just, but He did so, and found the old man your threats are vain. The old man, seated at a table covered with a sir, is a magician; we know it by desert and wine. He arose when sir fatal experience; do not be rash, sir, H. entered the room, and asked paryour attempt would prove futile, and don for the apparent rudeness he your punishment would be dread- was under the necessity of commitful." « I will endeavour to escape," ting at dinner; “ for,” said he, « I said sir H. “ Your hopes are ground. am Dr. Willis; you must have heard less," rejoined a third gentleman; of me; I confine my practice entire" for it was but six months ago, ly to cases of insanity; and, as I that, in an attempt to escape, I broke board and lodge insane patients, my leg.” Another said he had bro. mine is vulgarly called a madhouse. ken his arm, and that many had been The persons you dined with are killed by falls, in their endeavours madmen. I was unwilling to tell you to escape; others had suddenly dis- of this before dinner, fearing it appeared, and never had been heard would make you uneasy; for, al. of. Sir. H. was about to reply, when though I know them to be perfectly a servant entered the room, and said harmless, you very naturally might his master wished to see him. “ Do have apprehensions.” The surprise not go,” said one; " take my ad- of sir H. on hearing this, was great; vice," said another, “ for God's sake but, his fears subsiding, the doctor do not go.” The servant told sir H. and he passed the evening rationally he had nothing to fear, and begged and agreeably.

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. SIR,

I OFTEN puzzle persons, who in which I cannot hastily anticipate; general reason closely, by asking and the principle may, in various them, why a boat sinks when a hole is respects, prove of consequence to made in the bottom ?

mankind. Many of our readers, from habi. In brief then: A boat, or ship, the tually considering this cause and ef- materials of which are specifically fect as inseparable, will be disposed lighter than water, sinks when a hole to smile at the question. I will, how- is made in it below the water, by the ever, prove its claim to considera- pressure of the parts of the vessel tion, by reminding them, that the which are out of or above the water, boat, which sinks when there is a upon the parts which are immersed. hole in the bottom, is specifically This principle being understood, lighter than water; that is, we have numerous practical inferences flash in this fact, the philosophical para on the mind; and I shall briefly state dox, of a body sinking in a fluid of those which at this moment occur greater specifick gravity!

to me. The cause is worthy of conside- 1. When a ship springs a dangerration, because, as boats and marine ous leak, the true way to prevent vessels in general, are of great im- her sinking, is to diminish ber portance to man, deductions and in- height, and voluntarily sink all that ferences may arise from its explica- is possible ot her bulk in the water. tion, of considerable practical utility. Whatever belongs to her which is

The ship builder and the navigator specifically lighter than water, may avail themselves of it in a way should be cast overboard, without VOL. v.

2 M

being detached from the ship's body. when thrown into water; simply be The masts should be cut away and cause men are able to raise their fastened alongside, on or under the fore limbs above their heads, and water. Every thing should be re- animals are not able to do so. The moved which is above the level of animal sinks to the level ascertained the deck; and, if specifically lighter by his own specifick gravity, and than water, should be fastened to the that of the fluid, which leaves, persides, in, or under the water. The haps, nothing but his nose above the very crew should immerse their bo- water; and then, to regain the shore, dies to their chins, and nothing he exerts the same action with his should be allowed to remain above limbs as he does in walking. If men the surface, that can be conveniently were to remain passive, keep down immersed. Of course, as much iron their hands, trust to the laws of work, and other bodies specifically specifick gravity, and put themselves heavier than water, as possible, in the attitude of walking, the same should be detached and thrown over results, and the same security, board. By due attention to this prin- would, in general, be the conse. ciple, I should presume, a priori, quence. Savages swim from their inthat no ship could founder simply fancy on the same principle; and from a leak, or from filling with civilized man may, in this respect, water.

condescend to take a lesson from 2. With respect to a boat, the savage and animal life; or, in other principle is the same. If a boat words, from pure nature. springs a leak, or from any other for the present, I am content with cause fills with water, the passen. having, through your magazine, subgers should instantly lie down, and mitted these ideas to the world, and keep nothing but their faces above I leave it to the leisure opportunity, the water. Every thing heavier than patriotism, or benevolence, of others, water should be thrown overboard, to apply them to all their beneficial and nothing be allowed to stand purposes. above the level of the water, or on

COMMON SENSE. the top of the boat.

3. By attending to the same prin N. B. It concerns me to observe. ciple, persons may often avoid being by the records of mortality in your drowned. The total of the human magazine, that numerous females body, in vital action, is specifically were burnt to death during the last lighter than water; a living human winter, notwithstanding I pointed body, therefore, will swim in water, out an infallible means of avoiding provided it is not sunk by parts of it such accidents in a former paper. being protruded above the water, As those means cannot too often be which unimmersed parts force down published, I shall remind your read. the parts under the water, till the ers that they consist simply in the internal cavities fill. If a person who party lying down, as soon as the falls into water, holds his breath, clothes are discovered to be on fire. till, by the laws of specifick gravity, A lady's muslin dress, which might he rises again to the surface, and take fire at the skirt, would burn then protrudes no part of his body from top to bottom, and produce a above the surface besides his face, fatal density of flame in half a mi. he cannot sink again. But the weight nute, while she is standing upright; of his arms alone, if protruded out but if she were instantly to lie down, of the water, or event the entire of even though she took no pains lei. his head, without appropriate action, surely to extinguish the flames, ten will be sufficient to sink him. Men minutes would elapse before her are drowned, and all animals swim, dress could be consumed, and the

Aame would be such as might, at most afflicting, that fatal accidents any instant, be extinguished by the should arise from a cause so easily thumb and fingers. Is it not then averted ?


SEVERAL natives of the South hard toil as a common sailor, withSea islands have lately visited En out wages, or other remuneration gland, having been brought by dif. than clothing and provision. Dua. ferent merchant vessels, in which terra, during his residence in this they engaged themselves as com- country, related certain particulars mon sailors. Among these is Dua- respecting the tradition and manterra, nephew to Tippihee, a chief ners of tkose remote islanders, which of New Zealand, and son-in-law of open a field for curious speculation. -another chief named Wanakee. He In regard to the creation of man, is a very intelligent young man, he reports, that the New Zealand only twenty two years of age, pos- ers have been taught, from time sessing a most amiable temper, con- immemorial, by their priests and siderable natural abilities, and an fathers, to believe that three gods ardent thirst of knowledge. His only made the first man. The general, object, as he said, for leaving his term for bane is eve; and they unia nativc country was to see king versally believe that the first woman George. For this purpose he entered was made of an eve, or bone, taken on board the Santa Anna, belonging from the side of the first man. The to Port Jackson, which touched at fable of the Man in the Moon is New Zealand, on her way to some likewise an ancitnt tradition among of the South Sea islands, on a seal. these people. There was, say they, ing voyage, in the course of which a long time ago, in New Zealand, he was exposed to many dangers, a man named Rona, who was going hardships, and toils. . As a reward for some water one very dark night, for these, Duaterra expected, on his for neither moon nor stars were arrival in the Thames, to see the then to be seen. He accidentally king, but was unfortunately disap- hurt his foot. While in this situapointed. The captain kept him, tion, and so lame as to be unable to nearly the whole time he was in return home, the moon came sud. England, on board the ship, at work, denly upon him. Rona laid hold of a till she was discharged; and on the tree to save himself, but in vain; 5th of August last, sent him on board for the moon carried both him and the Ann, which sailed almost im- the tree away, and they are still to mediately for Portsmouth. Duaterra be seen there to this day. The bewas much concerned at being com- lief of the following tradition, by pelled to return, without accom which the faculty of speech at some plishing the object of his voyage, former period is assigned to the for which, he observed, his coun serpent, may perhaps prove favourtrymen would find great fault with able to the introduction among them him. It is certainly a circuinstance of the Mosaick account of the fall much to be regretted, that this of man. The sharks wanted to leave young man, who, by birth and mar- ' the sea, and to live on shore; the riage, is related to eleven out of the serpent would not allow them, and thirteen chiefs of New Zealand, said, that if they attempted to come should have lost the only reward on shore, they would be eaten by which he expected for two years men; the sharks answered, they

should be as safe there as the ser. One of the principal officers, or pent. The latter replied, that he had rangateedas, muster them, not by a hole in the ground where he con- calling over their names, but by cealed himself from men; that they passing in front of their ranks, and would not eat him, for if he only telling their numbers, when he showed his head, they were afraid places a rangateeda at the head of and ran away; whereas, the shark every hundred men. The women had no place on the land in which and children, like those of the Ishe could be safe. He, therefore, raelites of old, are never mustered. conipelled him to return to the sea, After this census, their holidays betelling him, at the same time, that gin, when they spend several days men would catch him there with and nights in feasting, dancing, and their hooks, if he did not take care. performing their religious ceremo. The chiefs muster all their men, at nies. The chiefs never join in the particular seasons of the year, the amusements, but only look on, and great muster being made after the give directions. The common mode potatoe harvest. The ground from of salutation between two persons is, which the potatoes have been lately to bring their noses into contact with dug, is cleared of the stems and each other; and Duaterra declared, weeds, and then levelled. Here they that when he left New Zealand, so all assemble, men, women, and chil. many came to see him previous to dren. The men are drawn up in embarkation, his nose was sore with ranks, five, six, or seven deep, ac- rubbing against the noses of his cording to the direction of the chief. friends.


THERE is now living in the gar- part of summer, it in general feeds dens belonging to the bishop's pa- upon lettuces; and when the fruit lace, at Peterborough, a land tor becomes ripe, it crawls under the toise, which is ascertained to have gooseberry bushes, and picks off been there 200 years and upwards. what is on the lower branches, and The upper shell is about 12 or 14 the fruit it cannot reach is amply inches long, and about nine broad, supplied by the frequent company the neck has all the appearance of and the gardeners, from whose extreme old age: the sight of one of hands it receives, with great gen. its eyes is gone, the other seems tleness, what is given it. Towards bright and lively. The inside of the michaelmas, and sometimes earlier, mouth, as well as the tongue, is a it buries itself in the earth, where full pink colour; it has no teeth, but it remains till the following spring. masticates with its gums, which are In a few days after it hath made its of a bony substance; the legs and annual descent, by finding the depth feet are covered, like the head, with a stick, a tolerably accurate with scales, and are so strong, that judgment can be formed of the mild. it will walk, or rather crawl, with a ness or severity of the ensuing winconsiderable weight on its back, and ter. This extraordinary animal is seemingly with ease. In the early about twenty pounds in weight.

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.


IN making a tour in June, 1809, penance which the exiled monarch I passed through the wretched town had imposed on himself. of Woodstock, and of course went The ciceroni performing this de. with my family to view the contrast licate task, was, however, the ordinaafforded by the adjoining palace of ry show-man, dressed out in the Blenheim.

tawdry livery of his office, flippantly After paying the fines which are sporting his Mounsheers, his tossicaimposed at two or three passes on ted Bacchuses, his Lewises, and other travellers for attempting to gratify John-Bullisms; and vaunting about their curiosity in viewing this na- the thousands of the Mounsheers tional edifice, we reached the flight that were killed, taken prisoners, &c. of steps leading into the great hall; &c. in every battle! In vain did I but were told by our conductor, that take him aside, and apprize him that Louis XVIII. the exile king of the decencies of hospitality, and the France, was then viewing Blenheim; quality and intelligence of his visitand, finding that we might join his ers, rendered fewer explanations ne. party by missing two or three rooms cessary. “ I likes it,” said he, “I which he had seen, we gladly em likes to tell him the truth;" winking braced the offer, and joined the party his eye at the same instant, and of his most christian majesty. smiling with excessive gratification.

Entering suddenly by a side door, When he came to the battle of in a party of six or eight, his majes. Malplaquet, he entered into a flouty appeared to take alarm, and re- rishing rhodomontade about the vast treated for a moment through an superiority of the French, their total open door into another room; but rout, &c. &c. when Louis, a little observing that we bore the open vi. piqued, exclaimed: « Yes, it was a sages of Englishnen, he instantly very bloody battle!”« Ah," said the returned, and surveyed us with fellow, 6 twenty thousand of the much complacency. He was accom. Mounsheers were killed on the panied by the duke de Grammont, spot!" and two or three other French no- His majesty appeared to have a blemen, whose names I knew not; very correct taste in matters of art, but many powerful associations gave dwelt with pleasure on the fine Car. the groupe a strong interest with lo Dolcis, the Rubenses, &c. &c.

and, evidently as a compliment to I could not but marvel at thus.meetmy party, praised some faded ing with a king of France, a grand groupes of sir Joshua Reynolds, re. grand-son of Louis XIV. in the ve- presenting some matter-of-fact fi. ry palace which had been erected gures in the uncouth costume of the by the parliament of England, as a year 1770. His conduct and observatrophy to the general who had so tions, made in pretty good English, often, in the field, humbled the pride evinced an active intelligence on of that ambilious Bourbon. The in- historical and other subjects. He cident too was rendered more curi. spoke with evident reserve; but I ous from the circumstance, that all hope he was satisfied that some of the walls of Blenheim are covered the English of the party felt a strong with graphick representations of the desire to show him every possible triumphs of the duke of Marlbo- respect, and were much affected by rough, and to view these exaggera. the vulgar spirit of the ciceroni. ted representations was a voluntary At the tomb, in the chapel, this


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