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FEW situations could surpass tance is thirty-five versts (less than Kopil (situated in the territory of twenty-four English miles). Night the Circassians 1 in wretchedness. came on; but we determined to proBad air, bad water, swarms of mos- ceed. No contrivance on our part quitoes, with various kinds of lo- could prevent millions of mosquitoes custs, beetles, innumerable flies, li- from filling the inside of our carzards, and speckled toads, seemed riage, which, in spite of gloves, to infest it with the plagues of clothes, and handkerchiefs, renderEgypt. As we left Kopil, we quitted ed our bodies one entire wound. The also the river, and proceeded through excessive irritation and painful swel. the marshes to Kalaus. In our way ling caused by the bites of these fuwe caught some small ducks, and rious insects, together with a pessaw also wild geese. At Kalaus were tilential air, excited in me a very two young elks, very tame; and we considerable degree of fever. The were told that many wild ones might Cossacks light numerous fires to be found in the steppes during the drive them from the cattle during spring.

the night; but so insatiate is their In the course of this journey from thirst of blood, that hundreds will Ekaterinedara, as we advanced, the attack a person attempting to shelfrequent stands of lances announced ter himself even in the midst of at a distance the comfortable assu- smoke. At the same time, the noise rance of the Tchernomorski guard; they make in flying cannot be con. without which the herds of cattle in ceived by persons who have only the steppes, amounting to many thou been accustomed to the humming sands, would be continually plunder. of such insects in our country. It ed by the Circassians. These guards was, indeed, to all of us a fearful pass the night on the bare earth, sound, accompanied by the clamour protected from the mosquitoes by of reptile myriads, toads and bull creeping into a kind of sack, suf. frogs, whose constant croaking, joinficient only for the covering of a ed with the barking of dogs, and single person, in which they lie upon the lowing of herds, maintained in the thistles and other wild plants of the midst of darkness an unceasing the steppes. At kalaus there was uproar. It was our intention to trarather a strong body of the military. vel in all hours, without halting for from this place to Kourky the dis- any repose; but various accidents compelled us to stop at Kourky way into my ears and nostrils. In about midnight, a military station the midst of this tornent, I succeed. like the rest; and no subsequent sen- ed in lighting a larg e lamp over the sation of ease or comfort has ever sword case, which was instantly exobliterated the impression made by tinguished by such a prodigious the suffering of this night. It was number of these insects, that their near the middle of July. The car. dead bodies actually i'emained heapriage had been dragged, for many ed in a large cone over the burner miles together, through stagnant for several days afterwards. And I pools; in fording one of which, it know not any mode of description was filled with water; and the dur. which may better convey an idea of meuse, seat, floor, and well, became, their afflicting visitation, than by in consequence, covered with stinksimply relating this fact; to the truth ing slime. We stopped, therefore, of which, those who travelled with to open and inspect the trunks. Our me, and who are now living, bear inbooks and linen were wet. The Cos disputable testimony. sack and Russian troops were sleep. The mortality occasioned by mos. ing on the bare earth, covered by quitoes in the Russian army, both sacks; and beneath one of these a of men and horses, was very great. soldier permitted my companion to Many of those stationed along the lie down. The ground seemed en- Kuban, died in consequence of mortirely alive with innumerable toads, tification produced by the bites of crawling every where. Almost ex- these insects. Others who escaped hausted by fatigue, pain, and heat, the venom of the mosquitoes, fell I sought shelter in the carriage, sit. victims to the badness of the air. ting in water and mud. It was the Sometimes they scoop a hollow in most sultry night I ever experienced; the ancient tombs, to serve as a not a breath of air was stirring; nor dwelling; at other times, a mere could I venture to open the win. shed, constructed of reeds, affords dows, though alınost suffocated, the only covering; anid in either of through fear of the mosquitoes. these places, during the greatest Swarms, nevertheless, found their heat of summer, they light large way to my hiding place; and when fires, in order to fill the air with I opened my mouth, it was filled smoke; flying to their suffocating with them. My head was bound in ovens in the most sultry weather, handkerchiefs, yet they found their to escape from the mosquitoes.


THE licentiousness and thought. called by the nicknaming manners lessness of our second Charles, has of those times, “ Blythe Cockpen." become proverbial; and his good na. He followed Charles to the Hague, ture, which qualifies these, but ill and by his skill in playing Scotch atones for his ingratitude to those tunes, and his sagacity and wit, who suffered forfeiture and perse. much delightechis merry monarch. cution in his cause. When he re. Charles's favou rite tune was,“ Brose mained in Scotland, suffering the and Butter.It was played to him rebuke and censure of austere pres- when he went to bed, and he was byterianism, before the battle of awaked in the i 2orning by it. At the Worcester, his chief confidant and restoration, hol. 7ever, Blythe Cockassociate was the laird of Cockpen, pen was forgotti on, and he wandered among the lanes, which he once service, instead of playing the owned in Scotland, poor and unbe. common tune used, he played up friended. He wrote to court, but his « Brose and Butter," with all its letters were never presented, or energy, and characteristick merriwere not regarded. Wearied and ment! In a moment, the astonished incensed, he travelled to London, organist was ordered into the king's and placed himself in all publick presence. « My liege, it was not places, thinking that the eye of me, it was not me!” he cried, and majesty might reach him. But he dropped upon his knees. “ You” was never noticed, and his mean cried his majesty, in a delirium of garb did not suit the rich, laced, and rapture, " you could never play it embroidered doublets of court; so in your life Where's the man ? he was insulted, and pushed from Let me see him?" Cockpen prethe king's presence. At length, he sented himself on his knee. « Ah, attempted by cunning what he could Cockpen, is that you-Lord, man, pot accomplish by plain dealing. He I was like to dance coming out of ingratiated himself with the king's the church !" “ I once danced too,” organist, who was so enraptured said Cockpen, “ but that was when with Cockpen's wit and powers of I had land of my own to dance on." musick, that he consented to his « Come with me,” said Charles, tarequest of playing on the organ be- king him by the hand, a you shall fore the king, at divine service. He dance to Brose and Butter on your accordingly played with exquisite own lands again, to the tenth gene. skill, yet never attracted his majes- ration !” And he was as good as his ty's eye. But at the close of the promise.

MIRACULOUS ESCAPE FROM A TIGER, THE following miraculous of these did my beatee discover escape from a tiger, is related by a one of the largest tigers I ever gentleman in a letter to a friend, da- saw. ted at Jaulnah, in the East Indies, “The circumstances were as fol. May 19, 1810.

low:-I was passing on at my usual « I arrived here this morning slow pace, and taking care that evewith colonel Conran's force.

ry bush was well beaten, I arrived « There is good hunting and at a low and narrow, but rather a shooting about twelve miles from long bush, and had passed to the this place; but it is dangerous from farther end, when one beatee cried the number of wild beasts. I had, out Saheb, saheb- Baugh! Baugh! vesterday a most iniraculous escape, I withdrew a few paces; put two which is the tals and wonder of all balls into each barrel of my gun, the camp.

over the shot; sent one man to call I usually go out on the flank, assistance from the line, and was and yesterday was beating down a endeavouring to get a sight of the nullah parallel to our line, and about animal, as the man who remained 300 yards distant; I had killed one was pointing out his head, his legs, hare, and was anxiously looking out and his face, but my endeavours for another.

• were vain. My bad eyes led me into - The place appeared by no means the greatest peril; for finding that I dangerous, because the bushes were could not see him, I unwisely conlow and insulatell; but yet, in one cluded that he was further off than

my beatee declared, and with my strength to fire, and perhaps it is gun cocked, I advanced crouching fortunate I did not. The tiger gal. towards the bush; as I expected to loped off, turned about, and then see him through the branches near galloped at some distance past us, the ground, which seldom have any and in sight of the whole line of foliage, but could not get a glimpse baggage. Four men were killed by of him; when, lo! as I had just a tiger on the road, and I have no touched the outer sprays, the mon- doubt but it was by this one. You ster rose not a yard from me, and will agree that I had a narrow rushed out with a roar that with escape; for it was wonderful that he drew all my strength.

did not spring on one of us, on first « It appeared as if the bush was beating the bush; and more woncoming up by the roots; he brushed derful, that he did not paw me in me in passing, and sprang at my passing, for he actually touched me. beatee, when, to my astonishment, The only reason that can be given I witnessed more courage and pre- is, that he must have been gorged. sence of mind than I ever hope to If I had possessed your eyes, I must see again. As the tiger was spring. have killed him; when within two, ing, the man, undismayed, struck or even six yards, I could easily at him with his bamboo full in the have lodged four balls in his head, face, and the tyger turned off. I and I had a brace of pistols to have had peither presence of mind nor finished him."


Ansando versus Brandon (King's Bench, December 10, 1810.) • THE following action of trespass, have seen the other, as it was not in which Mr. Bernard Ansando was then dark, and the coachman swore plaintiff, and a Mr. Brandon, defend that he could see one hundred and ant, we lay before our readers, in fifty yards before him, and that the order that the publick may under- road was wide enough to admit of stand correctly the full extent of that five or six carriages. Under these custom, which is now emphatically circumstances, when the violation termed the law of the road. As of the custom, or law of the road, Mr. Ansando was travelling in his was attended with no inconvenience, own chaise to his country seat, near and when Mr. Brandon's gig was Mortlake, on the third of last Sep- almost opposite to the carriage, from teinber, he was encountered with some sudden impulse he thought such violence by the defendant dri. proper to pass over to his own side ving in a gig, that the shaft of the with such rapidity, that the accident gig entered the neck of Mr. An- abovementioned was the immediate sando's horse; wounded him so des consequence. The coachman and perately, that he died in little more another witness were cross-examithan an hour. Mr. Ansando's coach- ned; but as no contradiction took man and Mr. Brandon were both place, and as counsel for the dedriving on what is called the wrong fendant aclmitted that he had nothing side respectively, both having their but circumstantial to oppose to poleft hands instead of their right to sitive evidence, the jury, under the the centre of the road. It was pro- direction of his lordship, gave their ved, on the trial, that Brandon must rerdict for the plaintiff, to the amount of ninety two guineas, for the horse stone, vol. i. cap. 74, lord Ellenboand other losses with which the ac, rough was pleased to remark, that oident was attend ed.

the custom must not be enforced An allusion being made to Chris- unnecessarily, or so as to produce tian's explanatioja of the law of the inconvenience. road, as found in his notes on Black



THE following most extraordi- of wine, when the old mas, in a dig. nary event happened in Lincoln- nified and authoritative tone, at the shire, in the autumn of 1807, and same time extending his hand, said, may be relied on as an absolute “ No !" Sir H. was astonished at the fact:

singularity of the check, yet unwilThe violence of a fall deprived ling to offend, remained silent. The sir Henry F. of his faculties, and he instant dinner was over, the old man lay entranced several hours; at left the room, when one of the comlength his recollection returned. He pany addressed him in the following faintly exclaimed, « where am I?" words: “ By what misfortune, sir, and looking up, found himself in the have you been trepanned by that unarms of a venerable old man, to feeling man who has quitted the whose kind offices sir H. was pro room? O sir ! you will have ample bably indebted for his life. “ You cause to curse the fatal hour that revive," said the venerable old put you in his power, for you have man: “ fear not: yonder house is no prospect in this world but mise. mine:'I will support you to it: there ry and oppression; perpetually subyou shall be comforted.” Sir H. ex. ject to the capricious humour of the pressed his gratitude; they walked old man, you will remain in this gently to the house. The friendly mansion the rest of your days; your assistance of the venerable old man life, as mine is, will become burden. and his servants, restored sir H. to some; and, driven to despair, your his reason. His bewildered faculties days will glide on, with regret and were reorganized. At length he melancholy, in one cold and misesuffered no inconvenience, except rable mcanness. This, alas! has that occasioned by the bruise he re- been my lot for fifteen years; and ceived in the fall. Dinner was an- not mine only, but the lot of every nounced, and the good, old man one you see here, since their arrival entreated sir H. to join the party. at this cursed abode !” The pathe. He accepted the invitation, and was tick manner that accompanied this shown into a large hall, where he cheerless narrative, and the singular found sixteen covers; the party con- behaviour of the old man at dinner, sisted of as many persons-no la. awoke in sir H's breast sentiments dies were present. The old man took of horrour, and he was lost in stuthe head of the table; an excellent por some minutes; when recoverdinner was served, and rational con- ing, he said: “ By what authority versation gave a zest to the repast. can any man detain me against my

The gentleman on the left hand will? I will not submit; I will opof sir H. asked him to drink a glass pose him by force, if necessary."

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