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a long half hour after, and then thought till their pleasures were farther known. to leave her. The second time she made I told them I came of purpose to that end. sign to have him continue in prayer. From thence they all went to the secretaHe did so for half an hour more, with ear. ry's chamber; and as they went, they gave ņest cries to God for her soul's health, a special command to the porters, that which he uttered with that fervency of none should go out of the gates, but such spirit, as the queen, to all our sight, much servants as they should send to prepare rejoiced thereat, and gave testimony to us their coaches and horses for London. all of her Christian and comfortable end. There was I left in the midst of the court By this time it grew late, and every one to think my own thoughts till they had departed, all but her women that attend. done council. I went to my brother'st ed her.

chamber, who was in bed, having been “ This that I heard with my ears, and overwatched many nights before. I got did sce with my eyes, I thought it my duty him up with all specd, and when the to set down, and to affirm it for a truth, council's men were going out of the gate, upon the faith of a Coristian; because I My brother thrust to the gate. The porter, know there have been many false lies re- knowing him to be a great oficer, let him ported of the end and death of that good out. I pressed after him, and was stayed by lady.

the porter. My brother said angrily to the "I went to my lodging, and left word porter: Let him out, I will answer for with one in the cofferer's chamber to call him.” Whereupon I was suffered to pass, me, if that night it was thought she would which I was not a little glad of. die, and gave the porter an angel to let me “I got to horse, and rode to the knight in at any time when I called. Between one marsbal's lodging, by Charing Cross, and and two of the clock on Thursday morn- there stayed till the lords came to White. ing, he that I left in the cofferer's cham. hall garden. I staid there till it was nine ber, brought me word the queen was o'clock in the morning, and hearing that dead.* I rose and made all haste to the all the lords were in the old orchard at gate to get in. There I was answered, Whitehall; I sent the marshal to tell them I could not enter; the lords of the council that I had staid all that while to know having been with him, and commanded their pleasures, and that I would attend him that none should go in or out, but by them if they would command me any ser, warrant from them. At the very instant, vice. They were very glad when they heard one of the council (the comptroller) asked I was not gone, and desired the marshal whether I was at the gate. I said, yes. He to send for me, and I should with all speed said to me, if I pleased he would let me in. be despatched for Scotland. The marshal I desired to know how the queen did. He believed them, and sent sir Arthur Savage answered, pretty well. I bade him good for me. I made haste to them. One of the night. He replied, and said, sir, if you council (my lord of Banbury: that now is) will come in, I will give you my word and whispered the marshal in the car, and told credit you shall go out again at yonr own bim, if I came they would stay me, and pleasure. Upon his word, I entered the send some other in my stead The marsha! gate, and came up to the cofferer's cham- got from them, and met me coming to ber, where I found all the ladies weeping them between the two gates. He bade me bitterly. He led me from thence to the begone, for he had learned, for certain, privy chamber, where all the council was that if I came to them, they would betray assembled; there I was caught hold of, me. and assured I should not go for Scotland, I returned, and took horse between

• She died March 24, soon after the archbishop had left her, about three o'clock in the morning.

† George Lord Hunsdon, a privy counsellor, captain of the Band of Pensioners, Governour of the Isle of Wight, and Knight of the Garter.--Orrery,

He was a gallant and high spirited gentleman. In 1570 he attended the earl of Essex, in an invasion of Scotland, directed against queen Mary's partisans, on which occasion, he received the honour of knighthood. In the same expedition, he distinguished himself, by sending a cartel, or challenge, to lord Fleming, the governour of Dunbarton castle. Their correspondence may be found in Hollinshed, ad annum, 1570. E.

# William Knolles. He was treasurer of the household to queen Elizabeth. He was raised to high honours by James I. was made master of the wards, and knight of the garter. He was created earl of Banbury, by Charles I. in the second year of that king's reign, probably the year when these memoirs were put together,

nine and ten o'clock,* and that night rode as I was. After my head was drest, I took to Doncaster. The Friday night, I came to leave of my lord, and many others that at. my own house at Witherington, and pre tended me, and went to my rest. sently took order with my deputies to see “ The next morning, by ten o'clock, my the borders kept in quiet, which they had lord Hume was sent to me from the king, much to do; and gave order the next to know how I had rested; and withal morning, the king of Scotland should be said, that his majesty commanded him to proclaimed king of England, and at Mor. know of me, what it was that I desired peth and Alnwick. Very early on Saturday, most that he should do for me; bade me I took horse for Edinburgh, and came to ask, and it should be granted. I desired Norham about twelve at noon, so that I my lord to say to his majesty, from me, might well have been with the king at that I had no reason to importune him for supper time. But I got a great fall by the any suit, for that I had not as yet done him way; and my horse, with one of his heels, any service. But my humble request to his gave me a great blow on the head, that majesty was, to admit me a gentleman of made me shed much blood. It made me so bis bedchamber; and, hereafter, I knew, if weak, that I was forced to ride a soft pace his majesty saw me worthy, I should not after, so that the king was newly gone to want to taste of his bounty. My lord rebed by the time that I knocked at the turned this answer, that he sent me word gate.t I was quickly let in, and carried up back: 'With all his heart, I should have to the king's chamber. I kneeled by him, my request.' And the next time I came and saluted him by his title of England, to court (which was some four days afScotland, France, and Ireland. He gave ter) at night, I was called into his bed. me his hand to kiss, and bade me wel chamber, and there by my lord of Richcome. After he had long discoursed of mond,ll in his presence, I was sworn one the manner of the queen's sickness, and of of the gentlemen of his bedchamber, and her death, he asked what letters I had presently I helped to take off his clothes, from the council. I told him, none; and ac. and stayed till he was in bed. After this, quainted him how narrowly I escaped there come daily, gentlemen and noblemen from them. And yet I had brought him a from our court; and the king set down a blue ring from a fair lady, that I hoped fixed day for his departure towards Lonwould give him assurance of the truth that don.” I had reported. He took it, and looked upon it, and said: “It is enough. I know Here we must take our leave of by this you are a true messenger.' Then this highly interesting volume. We he committed me to the charge of my have read it through with great lord Hume, and gave straight command

pleasure, and recommend it to that I should want nothing. He sent for his

i those who wish to be told the chachirurgeons to attend me; and when I kissed his hand at my departure, he said racter of a court and sovereign, to me these gracious words: 'I know you which are still our boast, depicted have lost a near kinswoman, and a loving in colours which truth herself seems mistress; but take here my hand: I will be to have applied. To the work of as good a master to you, and will requite Cary is added, sir Robert Naunton's this service with honour and reward." “ So I left him that night, and went

Fragmenta Regalia, which likewise with my lord Hume to my lodging, where tends to illustrate the same period I had all things fitting for so weary a man of our history.

* On Thursday morning, March 24.
+ Of Holyroodhouse, on Saturday, March 26, 1603.

This interview is particularly mentioned by Francis Osborne, esq. in his traditional, or rather satirical memorials of James 1.

|| Lodowick Stewart, duke of Richmond and Lennox, a relation to James I. by whom he was much, and most deservedly, regarded, being a nobleman of an excellent character.

5 He left Edinburgh April 5, and was a month in lois journey; hunting and feasting the whole way. VOL. v.



London; being a complete Guide to the British Capital; containing an accurate and

succinct Account of its origin, Rise, and Progress, the Increase and Extent of its Buildings, its Commerce, Curiosities, Exhibitions, Amusements, Publick Calami. ties, Religious and Charitable Foundations, Literary Establishments, Learned and Scientifick Institutions, &c. &c. Interspersed with a variety of Original Anecdotes, Eccentrick Biography, Critical Remarks, &c. &c. Faithfully abridged from Mr. Pennant's London, and brought down to the present year. By John Wallis. 12mo. 1810.

TO this compilation we give our his feet, but against the dwarf wall divi. unqualified approbation. We have ding Upper from Lower Moorfields. He af.

terwards pulled against two horses; but as read it with pleasure and with in

his legs were placed horizontally, instead struction. It is judiciously and faith

of rising parallel to the traces of the horses, fully abridged, from Pennant's he was jerked from his seat, and had one larger work, and contains, besides, of his knees much bruised and hurt; much new matter. There is no whereas, it was the opinion of Dr. Desathing of apy importance that is guliers, that had he been in a proper posi

tion, he might have kept his situation omitted; and, as it is neatly printed,

against the pulling of four horses, without and cheaply published, we may con- the least inconvenience. fidently expect that it will meet with “The feats which Dr. Desaguliers says such approbation from the publick he himself saw him perform, are as fol. as it assuredly deserves.

low: As a specimen of the manner in

"By the strength of his fingers he rolled which it is compiled, we will ex

up a very strong and large pewter dish.

He broke seven or eight short pieces of a tract the account of Topham, which

tobacco pipe by the force of his middle contains particulars not very gene. finger, having laid them on his first and rally known, and will interest most third finger. Having thrust the bowl of a readers in the perusal:

strong tobacco pipe under his garter, his legs being bent, he broke it to pieces by the

tendons of bis hams, without altering the “Cold Bath Fields, in this vicinity, was bending of his legs. Another bowl of ibis likewise chosen for a singular exhibition kind he broke between his first and second of bodily strength. Topham, about three. finger, by pressing them together side. score years ago, generally known by the ways. He litted a table with his teeth six name of the strong man, kept a publick feet long, with half a hundred weight house, the sign of the apple tree, at no hanging at the end of it, holding it in a great distance from Cold Bath Fields, in horizontal position a considerable time. 1741, and chose that spot to exhibit one of “He took an iron kitchen poker, about his feats, viz. lifting three hogsheads of a yard long, and three inches round, and water, weighing 1836 pounds, upon a kind struck upon his bare left arm, between of scaffold, as it was then said, in honour the elbow and the wrist, till he bent the of admiral Vernon, on account of his taking poker nearly to a right angle. Porto Bello with six ships only. Topham “ With such another poker, holding the was then so confident of lifting these hogs ends of it in his hands, and the middle of heads, that he wanted three children to it against the back of his neck, he brought stand under them at the time; but this the both ends of it together before him; and populace would not permit, though he what was yet more difficult, he pulled it performed the undertaking with ease. almost straight again,

“ Topham was then about thirty one, in “He broke a rope of two inches cir. the prime of life,

cumference, though, in consequence of his « The first publick feat performed by awkward manner, he was ol·liged to exert Topham, of much notoriety, viz, his pull. four times more strength than was neces. ing against a horse, was in the neighbour sary. hood where he then lived, viz. Moorfields; "He lifted a rolling stone of eight bun. neither was it against stumps that he put dred pounds weight, with his hands only,

standing in a frame above it, and taking at Derby with Mad Tom. The Doctor also hold of a chain that was fastened thereto. heard him sing a solo to the organ (then

“Dr. Hutton, of Birmingham, speaking the only one in Derby) in St. Werburgh's of Topham, is right in asserting that he church; but though he might perform also kept a publick house at Islington; he with judgment, yet the voice, more terrilikewise confirms what was said of him ble than sweet, scarcely seemed human. by Dr. Desaguliers; besides his lifting two The ostler at the Virgin inn, where Tophogsheads of water, heaving his horse ham put up, having insulted him, he took over the turnpike gate, carrying the beam one of the kitchen spits from the mantleof a house as a soldier carries his firelock. piece, and bent it round his neck like a These, Dr. Hutton observes, were the re. handkerchief; but as he did not choose to ports circulated respecting Topham in the tuck the end in the ostler's bosom, the country. But, however belief might be cumbrous ornament only excited the laugh staggered, he observes, she recovered of the company, until Topham undertook herself, when this second Samson appear to untie his iron cravat. Had he not abounded at Derby as a performer in publick, at ed with good nature, the men might have a shilling each. Upon application to alder. been in fear for the safety of their persons, man Cooper, to exhibit, the magistrate and the women, for that of their pewter was surprised at the feats he proposed; and on the shelves. One blow from him would as his appearance was like that of other for ever have silenced/those heroes of the men, he requested him to strip, that he fist, who boast so much of boxing. might examine whether he was made like “ But the circumstances here related by them, but he was found extremely mus. Dr. Desaguliers and Dr. Hutton, were only cular. What were hollows under the arms the common place performances of Ton. and hams of others, were filled up with ham, when he went about purposely to ligaments in him.

show himself; some aged persons who " From the jerk he received from the knew him in his neighbourhood, relate a two horses, Dr. Hutton observed, that he variety of pranks which he was occasional. limped a little in his walk; and though a ly in the habit of playing; for instance, one well made man, had nothing singular in night finding a watchman fast asleep in his appearance.

his box, near Chiswell street, he took both, “The performances of this wonderful and carrying the load with the greatest man at Derby, in whom the doctor ob ease, at length dropped the watchman and serves, the strength of twelve men were his wooden case over the wall of Tindall's united, were the rolling up of a pewter burying ground, where the poor fellow, dish of seven pounds, as a man rolls up a only half awake, and doubting whether he sheet of paper. Holding a pewter quart at was in the land of the living, in recovering arm's length, and squeezing the sides 10- from his fright, seemed to be waiting for gether like an egg-shell. Lifting two hun. the opening of the graves around him.dred weight with his little finger, and Another time, sitting at the window of moving it gently over his head. The bodies a low, publick house, in the same street, he touched seemed to have lost the power while a butcher from a slaughter-house of gravitation. He also broke a rope fasten- was going by with nearly half an ox on his ed to the floor, that would have sustained back, Topham relieved him of it with so twenty hundred weight; lifted the oak much ease and dexterity, that the fellow, table with half a hundred weight to it; a almost petrified with astonishment, swore piece of leather being fixed to one end for that nothing but the devil could have his teeth to hold, and while two of the feet flown away with his load. A third time, stood upon his knees, he raised the end of thinking to enjoy a little sport with some it, with the weight, higher than that in his bricklayers, by removing part of a scaffold mouth. Mr. Chambers, then vicar of All just before they intended to strike it, from Saints, in Derby, who weighed twenty a small building, his grasp was so rude, seven stone, he took and raised with one that a part of the front wall following the hand, his head being laid on one chair, timber, the fellows conceived it had been and his feet on another. Four people, also, the effects of an earthquake, and imme. fourteen stone each, sat upon Topham's diately ran, without looking behind them body, and these he heaved at pleasure. At into an adjoining field. Here, however, one blow he struck a round bar of iron, Topham was near paying dearly for his one inch in diameter, against his naked jest, as one of the poles struck him on his arm, and bent it like a bow. Weakness and side, and gave him great pain. feeling seemed fled together.

“ Another time, being persuaded by “ Being a master of some musick, Dr. one of his acquaintance to accompany in Hutton says he entertained the company on board a West India-man in the river

and being presented with a cocoa nut, he ing the landlord. But as they could be ap. threw one of the sailors into the utmost peased no other way, Topham, at length, astonishment, by suddenly cracking it seizing them hoth by the nape of the close to his ear, with the same facility as neck, with the same facility as if they had we crack an egg-shell: and upon some re. been children, he knocked both their heads mark being made upon an observation together, till perfectly sensible of their erdee ned rather insolent, by the mate of the rour, they became as abject in asking parship, Topham replied, that he could have don, as they had before been insolent in cracked the bowsprit over his head; and giving offence. of the truth of which there was not the “ There is a report, that being opened least doubt.

after his death, the ribs, which are de“ Another time, a race being to be run tached in other persons, were found in him on the Hackney road, when a fellow with in a manner connected into one solid suba horse and cart would attempt to keep stance, close to the contending parties, much to

“ He is said to have been extremely the displeasure of the spectators in gene, irritable in his temper, but had sometimes ral, Topham, who was one of them, step. such a command over himself, that, to preing into the road, seized the tail of the vent its effects, he would lock himself up cart, and in spite of all the fellow's exer. in a room till he found himself calm. To tions in whipping his horse to get forward, bis own violence, however, he at length he drew them both backwards, with the fell a victim; his jealousy of his wife ingreatest ease and velocity: and while the duced him to beat her so severely, that pleasure of the beholders was at the high- fear and remorse, as to the consequences, est point of gratification, the surprise and had such an effect upon him, that he put rage of the driver seemed to be beyond an end to his own existence. A plate was all expression; nothing preventing him engraved, representing him in the act of from exercising his whip, upon the imme. lifting the hogsheads of water in Cold diate cause of his chagrin, but the proba. Bath Fieldds; but this was the last feat ble fear of his being pulled or crushed to he ever exhibited. pieces,

“ There were several signs some years i “ During the time he kept a publick ago in different parts of the metropolis house, two fellows, extremely quarrel- referring to Topham's strength; one of the some, though patiently born with for a con- last of these was in East Smithfield, where siderable time, at length proceeded so far, he was represented as “The strong man that nothing would satisfy them but fight. pulling against two horses."


History of Brazil. By Robert Southey. Part the First. 4to pp. 660. London, 1810.

IT is by no means easy to mention volume. With a share of genius and a style of composition which Mr. fancy equalled but by few; an honesSouthey has not attempted, and it ty surpassed by none; and an extent would be still harder to point out and variety of information marked one in which his talents might not with the stamp of that industrious be expected to raise him to distin- and almost forgotten accuracy which guished eminence. Few authors of brings us back to the severer days the present age, have written so of English study, he possesses a much as he has done, and still few. commanding knowledge of his moer of any age, have written so well. ther tongue, which, though the osAs a poet, we conceive his name tentation of power sometimes prohas not yet arrived at the reputation duces pedantry, and its attendant which it is hereafter destined to at- negligence betrays him too often intain; and, as a historian, the expec- to antiquated homeliness, is strongly, tation excited by his previous and however, and, we think, advantageless important essays, will not be ously contrasted with the monotodisappointed by the present, bulky nous and unbending dignity which

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