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me above four hundred pounds. I came and not to see her. But my father told into the triumph unknown of any. I was me plainly, that she would neither speak the forsaken knight that had avowed so with me, nor see me. “Sir,' said 1, "if she litariness, but, hearing of this great tri. be or such hard terms with me, I had need umph, thought to honour my mistress be wary what I do. If I go to the king with my best service, and then to return without her license, it were in her power to pay my wonted mourning. The triumph to hang mey at my return; and, for any ended, and all things well passed over to thing I see, it were ill trusting her.' My the queen’s liking. * I then made myself father merrily went to the queen, and told known in court; and for the time I stayed her what I said. She answered, “if the there, was daily conversant with my old gentleman be so mistrustful, let the secrecompanions and friends; but it so fell out tary make a safe conduct to go and come, that I made no long stay there: it was and I will sign it.' upon these terms I apon this occasion.

parted from court, and made all the haste My brother, sir John Cary, that was for Scotland. I stayed but one night witha then marshal of Berwick, was sent to by my wife at Carlisle, and then to Berwick, the king of Scots, to desire him that he and so to Edinburgh, where it pleased the would meet his majesty at the bound road king to use me very graciously: and after at a day appointed: for, that he had a three or four days spent in sport and matter of great importance to acquaint merriment, he acquainted me with what his sister, the queen of England withal; he desired the queen should know, which, but he would not trust the queen's am. when I understood, I said to his majesty, bassadour with it, nor any other, unless 'Sir, between subject and subject, a mes. it were my father, or some of his children. sage may be sent and delivered without My brother sent him word he would glad. any danger; beiween two so great mo. ly wait on his majesty, but durst not until narchis as your majesty and my mistress, he had acquainted the queen therewith; I dare not trust my memory to be a relaand when he had received her answer he tor, but must desire you would be pleased would acquaint him with it. My brother to write your mind to her, if you shall sent notice to my father of the king's de. think fit to trust me with it, I shall faith. sire. My father showed the letter to fully discharge the trust reposed in me.' the queen. She was not willing that He liked the motion, and said it should my brother should stir out of the town;t be so, and accordingly I had my despatch but knowing, though she would not know, within four days.|| that I was in the court, she said: “I hear “ I made all the haste I could to court, your fine son that has lately married so which was then at Hampton Court. I arriworthily, is hereabouts; send him, if ved there on St. Steven's day in the afteryou will, to know the king's plcasure.' noon. Dirty as I was, I came into the preMy father answered, he knew I would sence, where I found the lords and ladies be glad to obey her commands. No,' dancing. The queen was not there. My fa. said she, 'do you bid hiin go, for I have ther went to the queen, to let her know that nothing to do with him.' My father I was returned. She willed him to take my came and told me what had passed be message or letters, and bring them to her. tween them. I thought it hard to be sent He came for them, but I desired him to

The queen was undoubtedly advertised, that her forsaken knight (for such, indeed, he was) had issued forth from his solitariness to bask himself in the sunshine * of her luminous countenance, and to gather courage and prowess from the beams of her bright eyes. Nothing, not even trifles, passed abroad or at home, with which she was not acquainted. But as she had no immediate occasion for the services of sir Ro. bert Cary, her majesty was determined still to continue the outward show of her resentment, till she wanted him.

+ The town of Berwick, from whence the queen would not have him stir, because she did not deem him to be a proper messenger, knowing there was a better within call.

Still maintaining her dignity, yet impaticnt to have him go.

By this expression may be seen the terrour in which this mighty princess governed her subjects. By the unrelaxed tiglitness with which she grasped the reigns of government, slie was at once beloved and feared.

|| The purport of this interview with James VI. does not appear. James was, in 1593, greatly embarrassed with Bothwell on the one band, and the Catholick earis of Huntley and Errol on the other. Probably the conference regarded some request of assistance from England.

excuse me; for that which I had to say, are persuaded that it will be gratieither by word, or by writing, I must de. fying to all our readers. For ourliver myself: I could neither trust him, nor

selves, we would prefer such an much less any other therewith. He ac. quainted her majesty with my resolution. artless and plain narrative, to a With much ado," I was called for in; and hundred of the studied descriptions I was left alone with her. Our first encoun

and artificial embellishments of the ter was stormy and terrible, which I pas. professed historian. Descriptions by sed over with silence. After she bad spo an eye witness have a relish in ken her pleasure of me and my wife, I told them, which no transmitted recital her, that she herself was the fault of my marriage, and that if she had but graced

can possess. me with the least of her favours, I had “ After that all things were quieted, never left ber, nor her court: and seeing and the border in safety, towards the she was the chief cause of my misfortune, end of five years that I had been warden I would never off my knees till I had kiss- there, having little to do, I resolved upon ed her hand, and obtained her pardon.' a journey to court, to see my friends, and She was not displeased with my excuse, renew my acquaintance there. I took my and before we parted we grew good journey about the end of the year 1602. friends. Then I delivered my message and When I came to court, I found the queen my papers, which she took very well, and ill-disposed, and she kept ber inner lodg. at last gave me thanks for the pains I ing: yet she, hearing of my arrival, sent had taken. So having her princely word, for me. I found her in one of her withthat she had pardoned and forgotten all drawing chambers, sitting low upon her faults, I kissed her hand, and came forth cushions. She called me to her; I kissed to the presence, and was in the court, as I her hand, and told her it was my chiefest was ever before."

happiness to see her in safety, and in

health, which I wished might long contiThere is much curious and pleas. it hard, and said: “ No, Robin, I am not

nue. She took me by the hand, and wrung ing information in this volume re

well, and then discoursed with me of her specting the border transactions of indisposition, and that her heart had been England and Scotland. It ought to sad and heavy for ten or twelve days; and in be read by all who admire the eight her discourse,she fetched not so few as forsyllable lines of a modern writer, ty or fifty great sighs. I was grieved at the whose chief beauties are founded first to see her in this plight; for in all my upon topicks connected with that lifetime before, I never knew her fetch a rude state of society, when endless beheaded. Then,t upon my knowledge,

sigh, but when the queen of Scots was feuds were generated, and much she shed many tears and sighs, manifestblood spilled, by the predatory in- ing her innocence, that she never gave cursions of the inhabitants of the consent to the death of that queen. contiguous countries. Sir Robert “ I used the best words I could, to perCary was appointed warden of one

suade her from this melancholy humour;

but I found by her, it was too deep-rooted of the marches, and he enters into

in her heart, and hardly to be removed. many details of what took place, This was upon a Saturday night, and she which must be perused with much gave command that the great closet pleasure.

should be prepared for her to go to chapel

the next morning. The next day, all things We are tempted to give the fol- being in a readiness, we long expected lowing long quotation, because we her coming. After eleven o'clock, one of

* The firmness with which Mr. Cary weathered out this storm, evidently shows in what a school, and under what a mistress, he had been bred. He well knew, that the curious desire of the queen to be fully informed of every particular relating to the king of Scots, must, after a certain degree of assumed passion, turn into a proper calm, proper at least for hearing his sentiments, if not for expressing some of her own. The etiec s of his judgment were fully answercd; and certainly bis judgment never appeared more conspicuous, than from the beginning to the end of the scene which he iras exhibited upon this occasion.

7 At that time- !n the year 1537.
+ They were, insieed, necessary upon that occasion.

the grooms* came out, and bade make rea- wife, had absented himself some fortnight dy for the private closet, she would not go from court) what by fair means, what by to the great. There we stayed long for force, he got her to bed. There was no her coming, but at the last she had cush• hope of her recovery, because she refused ions laid for her in the privy chamber hard all remedies. by the closet door, and there she heard “ On Wednesday, the 23d of March, service.

she grew speechless That afternoon, by “ From that day forwards, she grew signs, she called for her council, and by putworse and worse. She remained upon her ting her hand to her head,ll when the king cushions four days and nights at the least. of Scots was named to succeed her, they All about her could not persuade her, ei all knew he was the man she desired ther to take any sustenance, or go to bed. should reign after her.

“ I, hearing that neither the physicians, “ About six at night she made signs for nor none about her, could persuade her the archbishops and her chaplains to come to take any course for her safety, feared to her, at which time I went in with them, her death would soon after ensue. I could and sat upon my knees full of tears to see not but think in what a wretched estate I that heavy sight. Her majesty lay upon her should be left, most of my livelihood de. back, with one hand in the bed, and the pending on her life. And hereupon I be other without. The bishop kneeled down thought myself with what grace and favour by her, and examined her first of her faith; I was ever received by the king of Scots, and she so punctually answered all his sewhensoever I was sent to him. I did assure veral questions, by lifting up her eyes, and myself, it was neither unjust, nor uphonest holding up her hand, as it was a comfort to for me to do for myself, if God, at that all the beholders. Then the good man told time, should call her to his mercy. Herc. her plainly what she was, and what she upon I wrote to the king of Scots (know was to come to; and though she had been ing him to be the right heir to the crown of long a great queen here upon earth, yet Englandt) and certified him in what state shortly she was to yield an account of her her majesty was. I desired him not to stir stewardship to the King of kings. After from Edinburgh; if of that sickness she this he began to pray, and all that were by should die, I would be the first man that did answer him. Afte: he had continued should bring him news of it.

long in prayer, till the old man's knees “ The queen grew worse and worse, were weary, he blessed her, and meant to because slic would be so, none about her rise and leave her. The queen made a sign being able to persuade her to go to bed with her hand. My sister Scroops knowing My lord admiralt was sent for (who, by her meaning, told the bishop the queen reason of my sister's death, that was his desired he would pray sull. He did so for

• Of the chambers.

† Protestants and papists unanimously allowed his right; not a murmur arose against it.

Charles Howard, earl of Nottingham, married to Catherine, eldest daughter of Henry, lord Hunsdon.

# The sign here mentioned, is a true and indisputable fact, otherwise it would not have been inserted by the plain, sincere, and ingenious author of these Memoirs, who was present at the time the sign was made. But still it remains a doubt whether the queen intended it for a sign or not. The lords present pretended to think it one. Orrery.

So my lord Orrery. But it is plain from her repeated signs to the bishop to continue bis devotions, that Elizabeth knew the import of her motions. And whom could she have thought of destining to be her successour, but the king of Scotland ? E.

§ John Whitgift, archbishop of Canterbury. He was highly esteemed by queen Elizabeth for his sense, learning, and piety. The queen, who was particularly wary what con. cessios she made, and to whom she granted them, allowed archbishop Whitgift, in the year 1579 [then bishop of Worcester) the power of bestowing the prebends of his church on such persons as he thought fit, which disposal before this time had not been in the nomination of the bishop, but of the crown; nor did she now give away the right of such disposal to him and his successours, but only as a particular favour to himself, during his continuance in that see. And in the year 1580, the nomination of justices of the peace for Worcestershire and Warwickshire was left to his discretion. Such a confidence did the queen repose in the wisdom and integrity of this bishop.-Sce the Lives of the Arch. bishops.

& Philadelphia, lady Scroop, second daughter of Henry Cary, lord Hunsdon.

a long half hour after, and then thought till their pleasures were farther known. to leave her. The second time she made I told them I came of purpose to that end. sign to have him continue in prayer. From thence they all went to the secretaHe did so for half an hour more, with ear. ry's chamber; and as they went, they gave ņest cries to God for her soul's health, a special command to the porters, that which he uttered with that fervency of none should go out of the gates, but such spirit, as the queen, to all our sight, much servants as they should send to prepare rejoiced thereat, and gave testimony to us their coaches and horses for London. all of her Christian and comfortable end. There was 1 left in the midst of the court By this time it grew late, and every one to think my own thoughts till they had departed, all but her women that attend. done council. I went to my brother'st ed her.

chamber, who was in bed, having been “ This that I heard with my ears, and overwatched many nights before. I got did sce with my eyes, I thought it my duty him up with all specd, and when the to set down, and to affirm it for a truth, council's men were going out of the gate, upon the faith of a Coristian; because I My brother thrust to the gate. The porter, know there have been many false lies re- knowing him to be a great officer, let him ported of the end and death of that good out. I pressed after him, and was stayed by lady.

the porter. My brother said angrily to the “I went to my lodging, and left word porter: Let him out, I will answer for with one in the cofferer's chamber to call him." Whereupon I was suffered to pass, me, if that night it was thought she would which I was not a little glad of. die, and gave the porter an angel to let me “I got to horse, and rode to the knight in at any time when I called. Between one marshal's lodging, by Charing Cross, and and two of the clock on Thursday morn there stayed till the lords came to Whiteing, he that I left in the cofferer’s cham- hall garden. I staid there till it was nine ber, brought me word the queen was o'clock in the morning, and hearing that dead.* I rose and made all haste to the all the lords were in the old orchard at gate to get in. There I was answered, Whitehall; I sent the marshal to tell them I could not enter; the lords of the council that I had staid all that while to know having been with him, and commanded their pleasures, and that I would attend him that none should go in or out, but by them if they would command me any ser, warrant from them. At the very instant, vice. They were very glad when they heard one of the council (the comptroller) asked I was not gone, and desired the marshal whether I was at the gate. I said, yes. He to send for me, and I should with all speed said to me, if I pleased he would let me in. be despatched for Scotland. The marshal I desired to know how the queen did. He believed them, and sent sir Arthur Savage answered, pretty well. I bade him good for me. I made haste to them. One of the night. He replied, and said, sir, if you council (my lord of Banbury# that now is) will come in, I will give you my word and whispered the marshal in the car, and told credit you shall go out again at yonr own bim, if I came they would stay me, and pleasure. Upon his word, I entered the send some other in my stead The marshal gate, and came up to the cofferer's cham got from them, and met me coming to ber, where I found all the ladies weeping them between the two gates. He bade me bitterly. He led me from thence to the begone, for he had learned, for certain, privy chamber, where all the council was that if I came to them, they would betray assembled; there I was caught hold of, and assured I should not go for Scotland, “I returned, and took horse between

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• She died March 24, soon after the archbishop had left her, about three o'clock in the morning

† George Lord Hunsdon, a privy counsellor, captain of the Band of Pensioners, Governour of the Isle of Wight, and Knight of the Garter.--Orrery,

He was a gallant and high spirited gentleman. In 1570 he attended the earl of Essex, in an invasion of Scotland, directed against queen Mary's partisans, on wbich occasion, he received the honour of knighthood. In the same expedition, he distinguished himself, by sending a cartel, or challenge, to lord Fleming, the governour of Dunbarton castle. Their correspondence may be found in Hollinshed, ad annum, 1570. E.

# William Knolles. He was treasurer of the household to queen Elizabeth. He was raised to high honours by James I. was made master of the wards, and knight of the garter. He was created earl of Banbury, by Charles I. in the second year of that king's reign, probably the year when these memoirs were put together,

nine and ten o'clock,* and that night rode as I was. After my head was drest, I took to Doncaster. The Friday night, I came to leave of my lord, and many others that at. my own house at Witherington, and pre- tended me, and went to my rest. sently took order with my deputies to see “ The next morning, by ten o'clock, my the borders kept in quiet, which they had lord Hume was sent to me from the king, much to do; and gave order the next to know how I had rested; and withal morning, the king of Scotland should be said, that his majesty commanded him to proclaimed king of England, and at Mor. know of me, what it was that I desired peth and Alnwick. Very early on Saturday, most that he should do for me; bade me I took horse for Edinburgh, and came to ask, and it should be granted. I desired Norham about twelve at noon, so that I my lord to say to his majesty, from me, might well have been with the king at that I had no reason to importune him for supper time. But I got a great fall by the any suit, for that I had not as yet done him way; and my horse, with one of his heels, any service. But my humble request to his gave me a great blow on the head, that majesty was, to admit me a gentleman of made me shed much blood. It made me’so his bedchamber; and, hereafter, I knew, if weak, that I was forced to ride a soft pace his majesty saw me worthy, I should not after, so that the king was newly gone to want to taste of bis bounty. My lord rebed by the time that I knocked at the turned this answer, that he sent me word gate. I was quickly let in, and carried up back: With all his heart, I should have to the king's chamber. I kneeled by him, my request.' And the next time I came and saluted him by his title of England, to court (which was some four days afScotland, France, and Ireland. He gave ter) at night, I was called into his bedme his hand to kiss, and bade me wel chamber, and there by my lord of Richcome. After he had long discoursed of mond,|| in his presence, I was sworn one the manner of the queen's sickness, and of of the gentlemen of his bedchamber, and her death, he asked what letters I had presently I helped to take off his clothes, from the council. I told him, none; and ac and stayed till he was in bed. After this, quainted him how narrowly I escaped there come daily, gentlemen and noblemen from them. And yet I had brought him a from our court; and the king set down a blue ring from a fair lady, that I hoped fixed day for his departure towards Lonwould give him assurance of the truth that don.g" I had reported. He took it, and looked upon it, and said: “It is enough. I know Here we must take our leave of by this you are a true messenger.' Then this highly interesting volume. We he committed me to the charge of my have read it through with great lord Hume, and gave straight command that I should want nothing. He sent for his pleasure, and recommend it to

those who wish to be told the chachirurgeons to attend me; and when I kissed his hand at my departure, he said

racter of a court and sovereign, to me these gracious words: 'I know you which are still our boast, depicted have lost a near kinswoman, and a loving in colours which truth herself seems mistress; but take here my hand: I will be to have applied. To the work of as good a master to you, and will requite Cary is added, sir Robert Naunton's this service with honour and reward."

“ So I left him that night, and went Fragmenta Regalia, which likewise with my lord Hume to my lodging, where tends to illustrate the same period I had all things fitting for so weary a man

of our history. * On Thursday morning, March 24.

Of Holyroodhouse, on Saturday, March 26, 1603. * This interview is particularly mentioned by Francis Osborne, esq. in his tradi. tional, or rather satirical memorials of James I.

|| Lodowick Stewart, duke of Richmond and Lennox, a relation to James I. by whom he was much, and most deservedly, regarded, being a nobleman of an excellent character,

He left Edinburgh April 5, and was a month in luis journey; hunting and feasting the whole way.

VOL. I.

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