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FROM THE UNIVERSAL MAGAZINE.
Memoirs of Robert Cary, earl of Monmouth. Written by himself. And Fragmenta Re
galia; being a History of Queen Elizabeth's Favourites. By Sir Robert Naunton. With Explanatory Annotations.
THIS is a republication of no or- tice, they aid the studies of the antiquary dinary importance; and we should and the moral philosopher. While, therethink ill of the state of publick taste,
fore, it is to be regretted, that the reserif it were collly received. We could
ved temper of our nation has generally
deterred our soldiers and statesmen from wish, indeed, it had been printed
recording their own story, an attempt to with a little more economy of paper preserve, explain, or render more gencand type. All works of real value rally accessible, the works which we posand importance should be given to sess of this nature, seems to have some the literary world as cheaply as pos. claim upon publick favour.” sible. It is a hard tax, in these hard
The preface to this volume contimes, upon a poor scholar, that he must either starve his body or bis
tains some interesting, historical re
marks, which tend considerably to mind. If he buys books, he must
elucidate the memoirs, and the exwant his muiton: if he buys his
planatory notes, by the present edi. mutton, he must want books. The following advertisement will
tor, judiciously supply the omissions
of the former one. explain the origin and republication of this work:
The memoirs themselves are emi
nently amusing. They exhibit a " The memoirs of sir Robert Cary were
fresh and faithful picture of the first published from the original MS. by court of Elizabeth, and of herself, the earl of Corke and Orrery. They con. whom they sometimes display in a tain an interesting account of some im. light not very amiable, though writportant passages in Elizabeth's reign, ten by a man who deemed highly of and throw peculiar light upon the person. al character of the queen. The original
her, and crouched beneath her imedition having now become very scarce,
perious sway. The author relates it is presumed that a new impression will nothing but what he saw, and he be acceptable to the publick. Several ad. was engaged in many of the most ditions have been made to the earl of important events of her reign. Corke's explanatory notes, particularly
Among the extracts which we to such as refer to Border matters. These additions are distinguished by the let.
propose to make from this volume, ter E.
it would be unpardonable to omit “ As a suitable companion to Cary's the following account of the destrucMemoirs, the Fragmenta Regalia, a tion of that numerous feet which source from which our historians have Spain equipped for our destruction: drawn the most authentick account of the
Spain, that country for whom we court of the virgin queen, have also been
are now fighting, on her own shores! reprinted. The author, sir Robert Naunton, lived in the element of a court, and Strange mutability of human events! had experienced all its fuctuations. His characters of statesmen and warrious are " The next year (1588] the king of drawn with such spirit, as leaves us only Spain's great armado came upon our coast, to regret their brevity, and the obscurity thinking to devour us all. Upon the in which he sometimes thinks it prudent to news sent to court from Plymouth of their involve them. To lessen this inconveni- certain arrival, my lord Cumberland and ence, a few explanatory notes have been myself took post-borse, and rode straight added.
to Portsmouth, where we found a frizate “ Memoirs are the materials, and often that carried us to sça; and having sought the touchstone of history, and even where for the fleets a whole day, the night after ther descend to incidents bencalh her no. we fell amongst them; where it is out fortune to light first on the Spanish fleet; new fight with them o a farewell; but by and finding ourselves in the wrong, we two in the inorning, there was a flag of tacked about, and in some short time got to council hung out in our vice-admiral, when our own feet, which was not far from the it was found that in the whole fleet there other. At our coming aboard our admiral, was not munition sufficient to make half a we stayed there a while; but finding the fight; and therefore it was there conclu. ship pestered, and scant of cabins, we left ded, that we should let them pass, and our the admiral, and went aboard captain Rey. fleet to return to the Downs. That night man, where we stayed, and were very we parted with them, we had a mighty welcome, and much made of. It was on storm. Our fleet cast anchor, and endured Thursday that we came to the fleet. All it; but the Spanish fleet, wanting their an. that day we followed close the Spanish chors, were many of them cast ashore on armado, and nothing was attempted the west of Ireland, where they had all on either side; the same course we held their throats cut by the kernes;* and all Friday and Saturday, by which time some of them on Scotland, where they the Spanish fleet cast anchor just before were no better used; and the rest, with Calais. We likewise did the same, a very much ado, got into Spain again. Thus did small distance behind them, and so conti- God bless us, and gave victory over this nued till Monday morning about two of the invincible navy; the sea calmed, and all clock; in which time our council of war our ships came to the Downs on Friday in had provided six old hulks, and stuffed safety.” them full of every combustible matter fit for burning, and on Monday, at two in the Elizabeth wished to monopolize morning, they were let loose, with each of the affection of all her courtiers. them a man in her to direct them. The
She was jealous of every step they tide serving, they brought them very near the Spanish fleet, so that they could not took, II Without her permission. miss to come amongst the midst of them: When our author married, it gave then they set fire on them, and came off her high offence, and the manner themselves, having each of them a little in which he calmeil her anger, boat to bring him off. The ships set on fire shows him to have been an acute came so directly to the Spanish flect, as they had no way to avoid them, but to cut
as politician, and Elizabeth, a woman all their balsers, and so escape: and their whose vanity grossly blinded her haste was such, that they left one of their judgment. four great galeasses on ground before Ca. lais, which our men took and had the spoil “ Having ended my business, I meant of, where many of the Spaniards were to return to Carlisle again. My father slain, with the governour thereof, but wrote to me from Windsor, that the queen most of them were saved with wading meant to have a great triumph there on ashore to Calais. They being in this disor. her coronation day, 1593, and that there der, we made ready to follow them, where was great preparation making for the began a cruel fight, and we had such ad- course of the field and tourney.f He gave vantage both of wind and tide, as we had me notice of the queen's anger for my a glorious day of them; continuing fight marriage; and said it may be, I being so from four o'clock in the morning till almost near, and to return without honouring ber five or six at night, where they lost a do. day as I ever before had done, might be zen or fourteen of their best ships, some a cause of her further dislike, but left it sunk, and the rest ran ashore in diverse to myself to do what I thought best. My parts to keep themselves from sinking. business of law, therefore, being ended, After God had given us this great victory, I came to court, and lodged there very they made all the liaste they could away, privately; only I made myself known to and we followed them Tuesday and Wed. my father and some few friends besides. nessy, by which time they were gotten I here took order, and sent to London to as far as Flamborough-head. It was resol. provide me things necessary for the trived on Wednesday at night, that, by four umph: I prepared a present for her mao'clock on Thursday, we should have a jesty, which, with my caparisons, cost
* Irish banditti.-E.
Plays, masks, triumphs, anıl tournaments, which the author calls tourneys, vere small branches of those many spreading allurements which Elizabeth made use of, to draw to herself tlie affections and the acimiration of her subjects. She appeared at them with diguity, ease, grace, and afiability.
me above four hundred pounds. I came and not to see her. But my father told into the wiumph unknown of any. I was me plainly, that she would neither speak the forsaken knight that had avowed so- with me, nor see me. “Sir,' said I, if she litariness, but, bearing of this great tri. be om such hard terms with me, I had need umph, thought to honour my mistress be wary what I do. If I go to the king with my best service, and then to return without her license, it were in her power to pay my wonted mourning. The triumph to hang mes at my return; and, for any ended, and all things well passed over to thing I see, it were ill trusting her.' My the queen's liking.* I then made myself father merrily went to the queen, and told known in court; and for the time I stayed her what I said. She answered, if the there, was daily conversant with my old genileman be so mistrustful, let the secre. companions and friends; but it so fell out tary make a safe conduct to go and come, that I made no long stay there: it was and I will sign it.' upon these terms I apon this occasion.
parted from court, and made all the haste My brother, sir John Cary, that was for Scotland. I stayed but one night witla then marshal of Berwick, was sent to by my wife at Carlisle, and then to Berwick, the king of Scots, to desire him that he and so to Edinburgh, where it pleased the would meet his majesty at the bound road king to use me very graciously: and after at a day appointed: for, that he had a three or four days spent in sport and matter of great importance to acquaint merriment, he acquainted me with what his sister, the queen of England withal; he desired the queen should know, which, but he would not trust the queen's am. when I understood, I said to his majesty, bassadour with it, nor any other, unless 'Sir, between subject and subject, a mes. it were my father, or some of his children. sage may be sent and delivered without My brother sent him word he would glad. any danger; between two so great mo. ly wait on his majesty, but durst not until narchs as your majesty and my mistress, he had acquainted the queen therewith; I dare not trust my memory to be a relaand when he had received her answer he tor, but must desire you would be pleased would acquaint him with it. My brother to write your mind to her, if you shall sent notice to my father of the king's de. think fit to trust me with it, I shall faith. sire. My father showed the letter to fully discharge the trust reposed in me.' the queen. She was not willing that He liked the motion, and said it should my brother should stir out of the town;t be so, and accordingly I had my despatch but knowing, though she would not know, within four days.ll that I was in the court, she said: 'I hear “I made all the haste I could to court, your fine son that has lately married so which was then at Hampton Court. I arriworthily, is hereabouts; send him, if ved there on St. Steven's day in the afteryou will, to know the king's pleasure.' noon. Dirty as I was, I came into the preMy father answered, he knew I would sence, where I found the lords and ladies be glad to obey her commands. "No,' dancing. The queen was not there. My fa. said she, 'do you bid hinn go, for I have ther went to the queen, to let her know that nothing to do with him.'+ My father I was returned. She willed him to take my came and told me what had passed be. message or letters, and bring them to her. tween them. I thought it hard to be sent He came for them, but I desired him to
• The queen was undoubtedly advertised, that her forsaken knight (for such, indeed, he was) had issued forth from his solitariness to bask himself in the sunshine * of her luminous countenance, and to gather courage and prowess from the beams of her bright eyes. Nothing, not even trifles, passed abroad or at home, with which she was not acquainted. But as she had no immediate occasion for the services of sir Ro. bert Cary, her majesty was determined still to continue the outward show of her resentment, till she wanted him.
+ The town of Berwick, from whence the queen would not have him stir, because she did not deem him to be a proper messenger, knowing there was a better within call.
Still maintaining her dignity, yet impatient to have him go. Š By this expression may be seen the terrour in which this mighty princess govern. ed her subjects. By the unrelaxed tightness with which she grasped the reigns of government, she was at once beloved and feared.
The purport of this interview with James VI. does not appear. James was, in 1593, greaily embarrassed with Bothwell on the one band, and the Catholick earis of Huntley and Errol on the other. Probably the conference regarded some request of assistance from England.
exciise me; for that which I had to say, are persuaded that it will be gratieither by word, or by writing, I must de. fying to all our readers. For ourliver myself: I could neither trust him, nor selves. we would prefer such an much less any other therewith. He ac. quainted her majesty with my resolution.
artless and plain narrative, to a With much ado," I was called for in; and hundred of the studied descriptions I was left alone with her. Our first encoun and artificial embellishments of the ter was stormy and terrible, which I pas. professed historian. Descriptions by sed over with silence. After she bad spo. an eye witness have a relish in ken her pleasure of me and my wife, I told
them, which no transmitted recital her, that she herself was the fault of my marriage, and that if she had but graced
can possess. me with the least of her favours, I had “ After that all things were quieted, never left ber, nor her court: and seeing and the border in safety, towards the she was the chief cause of my misfortune, end of five years that I had been warder I would never off my knees till I had kiss- there, having little to do, I resolved uponi ed her hand, and obtained her pardon a journey to court, to see my friends, and She was not displeased with my excuse, renew my acquaintance there. I took my and before we parted we grew good journey about the end of the year 1602. friends. Then I delivered my message and When I came to court, I found the queen my papers, which she took very well, and ill-disposed, and she kept ber inner lodge at last gave me thanks for the pains I ing; yet she, hearing of my arrival, sent had taken. So having her princely word, for me. I found her in one of her with. that she had pardoned and forgotten all drawing chambers, sitting low upon her faults, I kissed her hand, and came forth cushions. She called me to her; I kissed to the presence, and was in the court, as I her hand, and told her it was my chiefest was ever before."
happiness to see her in safety, and in
health, which I wished might long contiThere is much curious and pleas. nue. She took me by the hand, and wrung
'it hard, and said: “No, Robin, I am not ing information in this volume re
well,' and then discoursed with me of her specting the border transactions of
indisposition, and that her heart had been England and Scotland. It ought to sad and heavy for ten or twelve days; and in be read by all who admire the eight her discourse,she fetched not so few as for syllable lines of a modern writer, ty or fifty great sighs. I was grieved at the whose chief beauties are founded first to see her in this plight; for in all my
lifetime before, I never knew her fetch a upon topicks connected with that
sigh, but when the queen of Scots was rude state of society, when endless
beheaded. Then,t upon my knowledge,
be feuds were 'generated, and much she shed many tears and siglis,& manifestblood spilled, by the predatory in ing her innocence, that she never gave cursions of the inhabitants of the consent to the death of that queen. contiguous countries. Sir Robert
“ I used the best words I could, to per-.
suade her from this melancholy humour; Cary was appointed warden of one
but I found by her, it was too deep-rooted of the marches, and he enters into
in her heart, and hardly to be removed. many details of what took place, This was upon a Saturday night, and she which must be perused with much gave command that the great closet pleasure.
should be prepared for her to go to chapel
the next morning. The next day, all things We are tempted to give the fol- being in a readiness, we long expected lowing long quotation, because we her coming. After eleven o'clock, one of
• The firmness with which Mr. Cary weathered out this storm, evidently shows in what a school, and under what a mistress, he had been bred. He well knew, that the curious desire of the queen to be fully informed of every particular relating to the king of Scots, must, after a certain degree of assumed passion, turn into a proper calm, proper at least for hearing his sentiments, if not for expressing some of her own. The efiec's of his judgment were fully answerıd; and certainly bis judgment never appeared more conspicuous, than from the beginning to the end of the scene which he Iras exhibited upon this occasion.
7 At that time in the year 1537.
the grooms* came out, and bade make rea. wife, had absented himself some fortnight dy for the private closet, she would not go from court) what by fair means, what by to the great. There we stayed long for force, he got her to bed. There was no her coming, but at the last she had cush• hope of her recovery, because she refused ions laid for her in the privy chamber hard all remedies. by the closet door, and there she heard .“ On Wednesday, the 23d of March, service.
she grew speechless That afternoon, by " From that day forwards, she grew signs, shecalled for her council, and by putworse and worse. She remained upon her ting her hand to her head,ll when the king cushions four days and nights at the least. of Scots was named to succeed her, they All about her could not persuade her, ei. all knew he was the man she desired ther to take any sustenance, or go to bed. should reign after her.
“ I, hearing that neither the physicians, “ About six at night she made signs for nor none about her, could persuade her the archbishops and her chaplains to come to take any course for her safety, feared to her, at which time I went in with them, her death would soon after ensue. I could and sat upon my knees full of tears to see not but think in what a wretched estate I that heavy sight. Her majesty lay upon her should be left, most of my livelihood de. back, with one hand in the bed, and the pending on her life. And hereupon I be other without. The bishop kneeled down thought myself with what grace and favour by her, and examined her first of her faith; I was ever received by the king of Scots, and she so punctually answered all bis sewhensoever I was sent to him. I did assure veral questions, by lifting up her eyes, and myself, it was neither unjust, nor unhonest holding up her hand, as it was a comfort to for me to do for myself, if God, at that all the beholders. Then the good man told time, should call her to his mercy. Herce her plainly what she was, and what she upon I wrote to the king of Scots (know. was to come to; and though she had been ing him to be the right heir to the crown of long a great queen here upon earth, yet Englandt) and certified him in what state shortly she was to yield an account of her her majesty was. I desired him not to stir stewardship to the King of kings. After from Edinburgh; if of that sickness she this he began to pray, and all that were by should die, I would be the first man that did answer him. Afte: he had continued should bring him news of it.
long in prayer, till the old man's knees "The queen grew worse and worse, were weary, he blessed her, and meant to because she would be so, none about her rise and leave her. The queen made a sign being able to persuade her to go to bed. with her hand. My sister Scroopf knowing My lord admiralt was sent for °(who, by her meaning, told the bishop the queen reason of my sister's death, that was his desired he would pray still. He did so for
• Of the chambers.
† Protestants and papists unanimously allowed his right; not a murmur arose against it.
Charles Howard, earl of Nottingham, married to Catherine, eldest daughter of Henry, lord Hunsdon.
# The sign here mentioned, is a true and indisputable fact, otherwise it would not have been inserted by the plain, sincere, and ingenious author of these Memoirs, who was present at the time the sign was made. But still it remains a doubt whether the queen intended it for a sign or not. The lords present pretended to think it one. • Orrery.
So my lord Orrery. But it is plain from her repeated signs to the bishop to continue his devotions, that Elizabeth knew the import of her motions. And whom could she have thought of destining to be her successour, but the king of Scotland ? E.
§ John Whitgift, archbishop of Canterbury. He was highly esteemed by queen Elizabeth for his sense, learning, and piety. The queen, who was particularly wary what con. cessios she made, and to whom she granted them, allowed archbishop Whitgift, in the year 1579 [then bishop of Worcester] the power of bestowing the prebends of his church on such persons as he thought fit, which disposal before this time had not been in the nomination of the bishop, but of the crown; nor did she now give away the right of such dis. posal to him and his successours, but only as a particular favour to himself, during his continuance in that see. And in the year 1580, the nomination of justices of the peace for Worcestershire and Warwickshire was left to his discretion. Such a confidence did the queen repose in the wisdom and integrity of this bishop.-See the Lives of the Arche bishops.
Philadelphia, lady Scroor, second daughter of Henry Cary, lord Hunsdon.