Abbildungen der Seite

est degree, ill-timed, im politick, and to the men in power; but we will protest uniust.” Indeed, he considers the against their ability to manage the affairs British as the dupes of France in this

of this nation, and must express our fears business.

for her safety and publish our warnings, The following is an elegant and

"While such as these grateful tribute to our revolutionary

tionary Presume to lay their hands upon the ark worthies: We hold in the highest

. Of her magnificent and awful cause.' veneration, the memories of those " Great Britain, we know, has heretowho swayed the councils, and fought fore often abused her power in her relathe battles of this country in the war tions with the United States, and may. of our independence. There was a

bereafter, abuse it. At any other time, we

should be as vehement in our opposition loftiness of spirit about them, as

to her, and as indignant at her injustice well as energy of deliberation and as the most clamorous of her revilers are of action, which never can be too now. But we are overpowered by the sense much admired or too warmly ap- of evils impending from another quarter plauded. Their's were

more formidable and pressing than any

which she is either able or disposed to in“ Virtues that shine the light of human flict upon us."

kind, “ And, rayed through story, warm remo- The miscellaneous department of test time.”

the American Review is filled with I shall not be pardoned by those materials prepared and chosen with who may read these remarks, for the finest judgment and taste. The having so much extended them as Letters on France and England, to preclude me from introducing the productions of Mr. W's fertile copious extracts from the work. I pen, hold a foremost place; and for would recommend to attention. In interesting matter and spirited detruth, it cannot be fairly judged of scription, are not surpassed in the by parts. It is only by a view of the

same line of composition. :1 Sketch whole that its symmetry, its elegance, of Palestine, translated by the ediand strength, can be seen. The firm tor, from Mr. de Chateaubriand, is statement of facts; the lucid ar- full of the characteristick eloquence rangement of the proofs; and the lo

and vivacity of the Frenchman; and gical precision of the deductions, takes us to scenes that touch the must be all taken together, before

scholar's heart. Sympathies and astheir excellence can be comprehend

sociations rush upon us “ pleasant ed. I will, however, indulge in one

but mournful to the soul.” The acfurther extract, as being particularly count of the first night passed in applicable to my purpose.

Athens, is uncommonly vivid and

beautiful. It forced upon my recol. “ We cannot conclade,” says Mr. W. lection the fine lines in Dyer's “this article, to which the importance of “ Ruins in Rome.” the subject has induced us to give an extension not contemplated by our general

“The pilgrim oft plan, without repelling an accusation

At dead of night, mid his oraison, hears, which will, in all likelihood, be preferred

Aghast the voice of time; disparting towagainst us. We expect to be called the

ers blind apologists of Great Britain, and the

Tumbling all precipitate, down dashed, zealots of a party. These epithets we dis

Rattling around, loud thundering to the claim, because we know that in denouncing the views of France, and in reproba

While murmurs sooth each awful interval, ting the measures of our administration,

Of ever falling waters.” . we have but one object;-and that is,-the W e have also, in this number, a good of this country-to the institutions of which we are as ardently attached as

Character of Fisher Amcs;-Reany of those who may think fit to asperse

view of the Lady of the Lake-up our motives. We bear no enmity or malice the Fight of Falkirk-notice of an

[ocr errors]

Italian History of the war of the United States, are bound by potent. Independence of the United States obligations to give their utmost aid

notice of an Historical Essay on to an undertaking which has comthe temporal power of the Popes— menced its career so brilliantly, and Kotzebue's ancient history of Prus. given such pledges for repaying, sia-and notices of a number of in- four fold, all they can do for it. teresting foreign publications.

I address myself to no party, as a We may safely aver, that in ex. distinction arising from domestick tent, interest, variety, and excellence dissensions, but to the AMERICAN of matter, this journal need affect Party, as regards our great nationno diffidence in claiming a rank with al interests and policy, in relation to any similar production abroad. foreign powers, about which we

To the whole is added, as an apa should be wholly and indivisibly unipendix, a copious and valuable se- ted. To that party, to Americans, as lection of state papers.

distinguished from foreign intruders, Whether a work, at once so ho- the doctrines of this journal cannot nourable and so useful to our coun- be offensive or unacceptable. They try, shall continue, must dependere truly and ardently American; upon the patronage it shall receive; and whatever preference Mr. W. the patronage, not only of those who gives to Great Britain in relation to read, but of those, also, who can her conflict with the “ homicide des. write. It is idle to imagine, that' the potism,” he gives her none over his labour of any individual can, alone, own country; on the contrary, he sustain for any great length of time, grounds his preference very much the weight of such a work; and inen, on the belief that our safety waits on who have either pride or interest in her success. the character and concerns of the


A second Journey in Spain, in the Spring of 1809; from Lisbon, through the Western

Skirts of the Sierra Morena, to Sevilla, Cordova, Granada, Malaga and Gibraltar; and thence to ‘Tetuan and Tangiers. With plates, containing 24 figures, illustrative of the Costume and Manners of the Inhabitants of several of the Spanish Provinces. By Robert Semple, author of Observations in a Journey through Spain and Italy to Naples, and thence to Smyrna and Constantinople, in 1805; also of Walks and Sketches at the Cape of Good Hope; and of Charles Ellis. Crown 8vo. pp. 304. 88. boards. London.

THE present is the third time es. In our former criticisms, we took that Mr. Semple has come under occasion to censure his inelegancics our jurisdiction in the capacity of a and inaccuracies of style, while we traveller; the first occasion having paid a tribute of commendation to been, as a describer of the Cape, the fidelity of his descriptions. and the next as a tourist in Spain. These impressions have been reThe interest excited in the publick called to our recollection by the pemind by the situation of that coun- rusal of the work before us. It postry induced him, during the last sesses an equal degree of merit with vear, to resume his travels, and he its predecessors, in regard to canhas lost no time in bringing before dour of delineation; and it continues his readers the fruit of his research to betray the traces of the same false taste in composition, particularly in veloped in a furious crowd, dragging a disposition to launch out too fre. along a poor wretch in the English dress;

his countenance disfigured with blood, quently into sentimental effusions.

and hardly able to stagger along from the We have remarked also, several er.

blows which he had received. I demand. lours in regard to local circum- ed his crime. They told me he was a stances, the result of too hasty ob- Frenchman : but an English officer, who servation, and of too rapid a progress was in the crowd, exclaimed, that it was in travelling

his servant, and endeavoured to reason

with some who appeared as leaders of the After a tedious passage of nearly mob. At this intelligence I made my ut. a month, Mr. Semple arrived at Lis- most efforts to get near the unfortunate bon, in the packet from Falmouth, man, and just arrived in time to seize, with on the 29th January, 1809. He found

both my hands, a pike, which some brave

Portuguese from behind was endeavourthat capital in alarm at the recent

ing to thrust into his back. I called out successes of the French over the Spa- to the officer to assist me. He replied, niards, and the spirit of the people it was the positive order of the general depressed by the retreat of general that in all such cases no Englishman Moore. The government paper was should interfere, and advised me to take at a depreciation of 30 per cent.

care of my own life. I was in the midst of

pikes, swords, and daggers, which seem. the eagerness to transfer property to

ed to be thrust about in all directions, as England caused a high premium on if through madness or intoxication. In bills. And so impatient were our spite of all my struggles, I was thrown countrymen in Lisbon to return, that down and nearly trampled upon by the nine places for the home passage

mob; and at length, with difficulty escaped

from amongst them. Next morning I was were engaged before Mr. Semple

informed that the poor wretch had been left the packet to step on shore.

murdered in the course of the night. And The appeals of government, how this passed within one hundred yards of ever, roused the Portuguese to the the English head-quarters ! appearance, at least, of resistance; “ Because they were armed, and the and the squares and streets were enemy was not at their gates, the Portu. lined with motley groups of volun- guese already began to utter rhodomon. teers. After having descanted on the

tades. Every man finding a weapon in his

hands, perhaps for the first time, perinefficacy of such a force for the de.

formed with it a thousand deeds of herofence of a country against regular ism. But not merely what they were going troops, Mr. Semple proceeds to to do, what they had already done against give a distressing example of the the common enemies of Europe, was the disorders which men, who had been topick of their discourses. They had gainlong subjected to bad government,

ed, in conjunction with their English al.

lies, the battle of Vimeira. It was a Por. and were armed on a sudden, are

tuguese soldier who made general Brenier liable to commit.

prisoner, and they had beaten the French

at Oporto. Lest there should be any “ The mob of Lisbon was armed, and doubt of these facts, an engraving of determined to show that it was so. Every the battle of Vimeira, to be found in eve. night, at least one Frenchman, or one ry shop, represented the dreadful Portu. suspected to be so, was discovered and guese dragoons charging the enemy, and dragged to prison, where, generally, his bearing away, at least, one half of the dead body alone arrived. I myself was palm of victory witness to an Englishman being murder. « The English have supported a regen. ed in this manner, and strove in vain to cy odious to the people, and have lost save his life. An Englishman! you ex. more by that, and the convention of Cintra, claim. Yes, reader, an Englishman. It than they gained at Vimeira. The French was on a Sunday evening, and I was pro. are attacking, in all directions, old and ceeding up the principal street, when, corrupted establishments, ready to fall by having advanced a little beyond the head. their own weight. We fly to prop them quarters of the English general, I heard up with the whole of England's strength. the shoutings of a great inob. They drew The natural consequence is, that the nearer, and I presently found myself in people of most countries execrate the VOL. V.

2 F

French, but find it hard to condemn many where I found the muleteers and their of their measures; while, on the contrary, cattle already collected. My portmanteau the English are very generally beloved, was placed on one side of the back of a and their measures execrated. The former mule, and balanced on the other with a government' of Portugal, of which the large bundle of bacalao, or salt fish. I present regency is the representative, was rode upon an ass without a bridle, with a very bad one. Its oppressions and its ig- my pistols, my cloak, and my leathern norance were alike notorious. Yet we have wine-bottle, fastened to the pummel of my ļinked ourselves to this government, and saddle. A woman, who was also going to not to the people. We make no appeals, Cordoba, sat in a kind of chair on the as it were, directly from nation to nation. back of another ass; and about three All that we say comes to the people o'clock, the principal carrier having given through the medium of magistrates, not the signal, the whole procession, consistbeloved nor respected, further than that ing of five or six men, and nearly forty they hold an arbitrary power in their mules and asses, moved on along the hands.

road of Carmona."" I beheld at Lisbon a government, “At this season, nothing could surpass hated, yet implicitly obeyed; and this was the beautiful appearance of the plain of to me a kind of clue to the national cha.

Sevilla, covered with fields of rising corn racter, where the hereditary rights of ty.

and olive plantations. Here and there rannizing in the great, and long habits of

some of the later kinds of trees stood, yet servitude in the multitude, compose the

bare of leaves, and presented striking principal traits. But the people are awa.

contrasts to the universal green which kened; they are appealed to; they are arm

surrounded them. As we proceeded, the ed! and habits of freedom will, by de

fields became less cultivated, and the grees, arise among them.-Never. This

hedges were, in general, of aloes mixed nation, with all its old rites, its supersti- with pines. It was dark before we reached tions, and its prejudices of three centu. Ervizo, a stage of four leagues from Se. ries, is in its decrepitude. To produce villa, and a place of about five hundred any good the whole race must be renew houses. The mules were all unloaded, and ed. Their present enthusiasm, produced their burthens piled up together at one by the pressure and the concurrence of end of a hall, paved with rough stones, wonderful circumstances, proves to me which occupied the whole length of the nothing."

house. At the other end was the fire. From Lisbon, the author set out place, where the mistress of the house, to travel post to Seville, by the way expecting our arrival, was already busy in of Badajoz and the Sierra Morena: preparing our supper of salt fish, eggs,

and oil. After supper, each of the muleand, notwithstanding the forebodings

S teers spread out the furniture and saddles of his friends, who endeavoured to of his mules for a bed; whilst, for me, dissuade him from the undertaking, a few bundles of straw were laid side by he accomplished the journey, and side over the stones, on which, wrapped reached Seville in safety. He passed up in my cloak, I slept soundly till the a week in this ancient city, and de- morning. votes a chapter to a description of

of “It was 8 o'clock on the 17th, before

our caravan was completely in motion. the remarkable objects contained in

The first part of our road was through a it. He then prosecuted his journey country of continued hills and dales, culto Cordova and Granada, not, as tivated in patches of beautiful green, amid hitherto on horseback, but in a mu. vast tracts of wild and barren land. As leteer's train; which mode of travel. we approach Carmona, a stage of two long ling was slow, but afforded him an

leagues, the soil is in general of a sandier

nature, but more extensively cultivated. undisguised view of the manners of

This part of the country appeared to be the Spaniards in humble life. We remarkably destitute of 'water; I did not extract a few of the passages in observe a single brook all this morning. which he seems to have been most Near the road side was a' peasant girl successful in conveying an impres

selling water; and a Spanish soldier being şion of their customs and disposi.

drinking at the same time, I went up tu follow his example. Having drank a goblet

full, I was proceeding to pay for it, but « On the afternoon of the 16th of Fe. the girl informed me that the senior who bruary, I repaired to the gate of Carmona, had just walked on, had paid for me.

[ocr errors]

od to

This is a custom very common among all parties being wearied out, rather than ranks in Spain, towards those whom they assuaged, we broke up in silence, if not perceive to be strangers. It is meant to in friendship. These Andalusians are give an exalted idea of the generosity and certainly a strange, good natured, irascimagnificence of the Spanish character; and ble, fickle, lively kind of a race. On the the traveller will sometimes be surprised ensuing morning I expected to see some to find his dinner paid for at a publick traces of a quarrel so violent and so retable by some unknown, who has left the cent; but far from it, the parties were now house, whom he most probably will never the best friends in the world, and, al. see again, and whose very name is con. though it was Sunday, were very busily cealed from him. In the present instance, engaged at a game of cards."however, I did not long remain indebted "Our protracted stay at Posadas enato my bare-legged benefactor; he being bled me to witness one of those scenes on foot, I speedily overtook him; and, which mark, as it were, the very outalthough he positively refused to accept skirts of war, and affect us more than of money, he allowed me to discharge the those of greater horrour. A poor woman obligation, by a long draught out of my of the place had been informed that her leathern bottle, which came away very only son was killed in battle, and she, of lank from his embrace.”

course, had given herself up to grief; but “I was surrounded, at the village of this very morning a peasant arrived with Posadas, by people of all classes, who, certain intelligence, not only that her son under various pretences, asked me a was living, but that he was actually ap. hundred questions, and examined minute. proaching the village, and not above a ly my cloak, my dress, and my English league distant from it. The first shock of saddle. On my account a better supper these good tidings overpowered the mo. was prepared than I had met with since ther's feelings; she ran out into the street, leaving Sevilla. Five or six rabbits were uttering screams of joy, and telling every broiled upon the embers, then pulled to one she met that he was not dead, that he pieces, put into a large wooden bowl, and

was living, that he was approaching, that over all was poured hot water, mixed he would soon be in his dear mother's with oil, vinegar, garlick, pimento, and house. After some time, she exclaimed: salt. As usual we all sat down together, a "But why do I stop here? come away, large leathern bottle, holding about three

come away, and meet him,' and so sayquarts, was filled with tolerable wine, and

and ing, attired as she was, she hurried into being intrusted to one of the company to the road, and soon disappeared. But what act as our Ganymede, the repast began.

can describe her return? Her son lived, For some time, hunger prevented all

but, alas! how changed since last she conversation, but our cupbearer performed

saw him! His arm had been carried away his office with such dexterity, that before

by a cannon ball, the bandages of his supper was finished, our bottle was

wound were died with blood, he was pale emptied, and the Andalusian peasant be.

and emaciated, and so weak that he was gan to show himself in all his vivacity,

with difficulty supported on his ass, in a It was voted unanimously that the bottle

kind of cradle, by the help of a peasant should be replenished. They talked loud,

who walked by his side. On the other they laughed, they sang, they cursed the side walked his mother-now looking French, and swore that even should all de

down on the ground—now up to heaventhe rest of Spain be overrun, Andalusia

but chiefly on her son, with anxious eyes, was sufficient to protect itself from every

and a countenance in which joy and grief, invader. On a sudden a fierce quarrel exultation and despondency. reigned by arose, bigh words passed, knives were turns » drawn, and I expected to see our supper end in bloodshed; when the hostess, after

On arriving at Granada, Mr. Semvarious vain attempts to allay the storm,

ple is so forcibly struck with the

to the virgin. Immediately all was calm, the beauty of the prospect, as to cease knives were sheathed, all hats were off, to wonder, that the Moors on the and at each pause the whole assembly Barbary coast should continue to murmured forth the response, and de- pray for the reestablishment of their voutly made the sign of the cross. As

empire in this seat of magnificence often as the quarrel seemed likely to be renewed, the good woman had recourse

and luxuriance. The ruins of the to the same expedient, and always with Alhambra engaged, in course, his the same success, until the anger of the particular attention; and he admired

« ZurückWeiter »