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citizen of every free government? in some degree, by his own temper and if it be conscientiously exerci. ament and maxims. But even those sed with an honest view to publick who may be disposed to disapinformation, with a just regard to the prove of this feature in the Review general honour and prosperity of the must admit that the objection is a country, we must not be too nice very limited one, and by no means about the selection of terms in which impairs the general integrity and a man, having a right to do so, ex- utility of the work. Besides, decorum presses his opinions of what he con-. is perfectly preserved; and however siders ruinous imbecility and dis- cutting the sarcasm, it is untainted graceful misconduct. If in these, too, with vulgar abuse. Men whose temhe is mistaken, it is his judgment pers are unusually mild and forand not his patriotism, that should bearing, may desire that even the meet condemnation. This right, and guilty should be touched with a tenthe free exercise of it, constitute der hand; while others may imagine the soil and base of our constitution. that in our perilous times, becoming Shall we have a right to choose our daily more perilous, the plain truth rulers, and shall we not be informed may be told in plain language; and of their management of our affairs ? that the man who undertakes to be and shall the man who would give us a publick monitor should sacrifice that intormation be driven from his no part of his duty to the feelings task, be hunted from the service by of those to whom we owe all our absurd suspicions of his integrity, calamity Listen to the wailings of and unsupported charges against his distress, mingled with the indignant patriotism? It is the interest of a few reproaches of honour, which resound to attempt this politick game; but it through our country, and say if those is the interest of many niore to de- who cause them have very strong feat it,

claims to tenderness in reluke. Our It is not expected that the leaders merchants, after exerting, in vain, of that party, whose administration every effort to save themselves; afis condemned, will have any fond ter struggling against destruction affection for the work that exposes assailing them from every quarter, its weakness. But it is hoped and and in every shape, are seen dropbelieved, that many, very many, who ping, in melancholy succession, in honestly follow the predominant the abyss of ruin, 'like exhausted party from a belief in its wisdom mariners from the floating wreck. and virtue, will not avert their eyes A floating wreck, indeed, is our from those pages which fairly exa commerce; abandoned and abused mine its pretensions. There is no by those who were sworn to protect witchcraft in the book, that men her; beaten by conflicting tempests, should fear to trust their senses with and existing by precarious accidents, it. Read it patiently, and judge it How is our character changed and candidly. The importance of the fallen! So long since as 1775, Burke, subject, and the character of the speaking of our country, said it was author, at least, merit so much at, an object “ not to be considered as tention; and if he fails to convince, one of those minima which is out he will pot corrupt.

of the eye and consideration of the Whether the manner in which he law; not a paltry excrescence of makes his assault upon those who state; not a mere dependant, who administer the publick affairs, has may be neglected with little damage, in it too much of acrimony and vio- and provoked with little danger”. lence or not, is a question on which that “ some degree of care and cauthere will naturally be a difference tion was required in the handling of opinion. A man will judge of it, such an object”-that,“ to trifle with

the interests and feelings of so large will not avert their eyes from the a mass of the human race, could not page which examines, with a masbe done with impunity.” How has ter-spirit, the truth of its pretensions. this glowing picture faded? With If their condemnation be rash or four times the population we then unjust, the reader will have his faith had, and a much larger increase of strengthened by the investigation; strength and resources, we no lon- his friends will become more firm ger deserve his eulogium. It has not in his affection by passing the or. heretofore been exacted of political deal, and his confidence in them writers to treat with any ceremoni- be more rational and satisfactory. ous respect those whose inability or But if froin à condensed view and depravity is, in their opinion, sink- fair analysis of undoubted facts, and ing the state. While the attack a clear exposition of their causes avoids every point of private charac- and consequences, he shall find he ter or misfortune; every weapon of has trusted too far and too blindly; personal and malevolent abuse, the he will be thankful for his delivewhole publick inan has ever been rance from so dangerous a delusion, thought to be a fair object of assault, and use all his power to dispel it with all the energy which talent, from others. Converts, assuredly, without malignity, can give; and all will not be made from those who the powers of persuasion, which ge- feed and fatten on publick employnius can supply. The examples of ment, and exist by keeping “ things ancient, as well as modern days, am. as they are;" who have an interest ply justify the war, and, when the directly opposite to that of the namotive is pure, it is a solcnn duty. tion: But surely those who supply The warning prophets of a people the treasure, may inquire whether have ever been permitted to dis- it be honestly and beneficially discharge their high functions in tones tributed; whether those who are paid of authority; in the language of for their services are really useful; truth. Junius, at least a popular wri- whether those who have been hoter, especially among fierce republi- noured and exalted for their vir. cans, whatever his other merits may tue and wisdom, are really virtuous be, has not thought an attention to and wise. Let it always be kept in the courtesy of his phrases necessary mind too, that it is the official, politito the propriety of his demeanour, cal conduct of the administration, or the proof of his patriotism. Sure- that is the object of Mr. W's anily the friends of the existing pow. madversions, and not the persons ers will not dare to complain of who compose it. Mr. Madison apharshness or disrespect, when they pears no where but as president of recollect by what torrents of the the United States; and the members grossest and most vile calumnies, of his cabinet are treated with the they overwhelmed the principles and same decorum, Has not then this policy of the Washington adminis- work a commanding claim to the tration.

attention and patronage of every I repeat, that it is not expected American, who has the will, the abi. that the leaders of the party, whose lity, and the courage, to look into administration is condemned, will the conduct of his rulers, to judge have any fond affection for a work for himself of their wisdom and ca. which exposes its weakness, and pacily, and to anticipate by sound points to the awful results that wait l'easoning, and fair deductions, the upon its measures. But it is hoped probable consequences of their mcathat mauy, very many, who follow sures. If such inquiries are to be the predominant sect under an ho- stifled by power, or withered with nesi-belief of its wisdom and virtues, coldness, we may, inderd, con.

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clude, with dean Swift, « that it is mon with the rest of the world, er safer for a man's interest to blas. as auxiliary to the downfall of Great pheme God, than to be of a party Britain that he hates us, either out of power, or even to be thought as a part of the human species, against so."

which he wages a war of extermiIt is hoped that these general re nation, or because we are a cominarks upon the spirit and character mercial people. Those nations which of the American Review, will have deserve to live and thrive by the so much influence in removing the arts of peace are the natural objects charge of anti-Americanism, as to of hate io one which exists by rapine induce those who have entertained and bloodshed; that avows itself a this prejudice, at least, to read and military power, and confessedly judge for theinselves. Whatever la- puts all its hopes upon conquest. titude there may have been for con The writer solemnly warns us, that jecture about the character of this Bonaparte has hitherto sought our journal before its publication, such ruin by plundering and oppressive anticipations must now be at an end. decrees; by the most provoking ar. It is before the publick to answer rogance and insult; and by profound for itself; ar:d is, undoubtedly, its and artful efforts to excite a quarrel own best defender. Calumny will be between Great Britain and the Unirefuted, and cautious doubt removed ted States. Having failed in the full more effectually by perusing its accomplishment of his wishes, by pages, than by any panegyrick. A these means, he has changed his short notice of the articles contained plan of hostility, and now strives by in the first number, shall conclude hypocritical caresses; by false promy observations.

fessions of affection, to draw us to This number commences with his embrace, and involve us in war An Inquiry into the past and pre- with Great Britain, which he well sent Relations of France and the knows will sink us into calamities, United States. We venture to pro- he cannot in any other way inflict. nounce this one of the most lucid, We have in this article a masterly elegant, and argumentative political exposition of the principles and poarticles ever published. 'The facts licy, as well as of the practical effects are stated with so much candour, of the French decrees; and so clear supported by such evidence, and a view is given of the designs of the grouped with so much propriety emperour upon this country, and of and judgment, that they present to past and present relations” the mind, at one view, and with the with France; that the American who irresistable conviction of truth, the will not read, is a traitor to himself. various occurrences which have ta- Let the man who doubts Mr. W's ken place between the two coun Americanism, turn to these pages; tries for several years past. When let him observe the knowledge disthe author reasons from his facts, played there of our best interests, his powers of combination, analysis, the anxious solicitude for their prededuction, and carry conviction to the servation, the ardent love of country, understanding, and admiration to the the rational respect for the Ameriheart. The man who doubts after he can people, their character, power, lias read, must be incorrigible in ob- and resources, and his doubts must stinacy or dullness. The great ob- give way to admiration and affection ject of this article is to demonstrate for such a defender of our rights. from publick documents and unques In the true spirit of honest impartioned facts, that Napoleon, the tiality, Mr. W. applies his powers mammoth devourer of nations, is to the British orders in council, bent upon our destruction in com- which he pronounces, “in the high


est degree, ill-timed, im politick, and to the men in power; but we will protest unjust.” Indeed, he considers the against their ability to manage the affairs British as the dupes of France in this of this nation, and must express our fears

for her safety and publish our warnings, business. The following is an elegant and

• While such as these grateful tribute to our revolutionary

• Presume to lay their hands upon the ark worthies: We hold in the highest

* Of her magnificent and awful cause.' veneration, the memories of those “ Great Britain, we know, has heretowho swayed the councils, and fought fore often abused her power in her relathe battles of this country, in the war

tions with the United States, and may, of our independence. There was a

bereafter, abuse it. At any other time, we

should be as vehement in our opposition loftiness of spirit about them, as to her, and as indignant at her injustice well as energy of deliberation and as the most clamorous of her revilers are of action, which never can be too now. But we are overpowered by the sense much admired or too warmly ap- of evils impending from another quarter plauded. Their's were

more formidable and pressing than any

which she is either able or disposed to in“ Virtues that shine the light of human flict upon us.”

kind, “ And, rayed through story, warm remo The miscellaneous department of test time.”

the American Review is filled with I shall not be pardoned by those materials prepared and chosen with who may read these remarks, for

the finest judgment and taste. The having so much extended them as

Letters on France and England, to preclude me from introducing the productions of Mr. W's fertile copious extracts from the work, i pen, hold a foremost place; and for would recommend to attention. In interesting matter and spirited detruth, it cannot be fairly judged of scription, are not surpassed in the by parts. It is only by a view of the same line of composition. #1 Sketch whole that its symmetry, its elegance, of Palestine, translated by the ediand strength, can be seen. The firm tor, from Mr. de Chateaubriand, is statement of facts; the lucid ar

full of the characteristick eloquence rangement of the proofs; and the lo- and vivacity of the Frenchman; and gical precision of the deductions,

takes us to scenes that touch the must be all taken together, before

scholar's heart. Sympathies and astheir excellence can be comprehend-sociations rush upon us“ pleasant ed. I will, however, indulge in one

but mournful to the soul.” The acfurther extract, as being particularly count of the first night passed in applicable to my purpose.

Athens, is uncommonly vivid and

beautiful. It forced upon my recol" We cannot conclade,” says Mr. W.

lection the fine lines in Dyer's “ this article, to which the importance of

« Ruins in Rome.” the subject has induced us to give an extension not contemplated by our general At dead of night, mid his oraison, hears

“ The pilgrim oft plan, without repelling an accusation which will, in all likelihood, be preferred Aghast the voice of time; disparting towagainst us. We expect to be called the blind apologists of Great Britain, and the Tumbling all precipitate, down dashed, zealots of a party. These epithets we dis. Rattling around, loud thundering to the claim, because we know that in denouneing the views of France, and in reproba

While murmurs sooth each awful interval, ting the measures of our administration, Of ever falling waters.” we have but one object;—and that is,-the We have also, in this number, a good of this country-to the institutions of which we are as ardently attached as

Character of Fisher Amcs;-Reany of those who may think fit to asperse

view of the Lady of the Lakemuf our motives. We bear na enmity or malice the Fight of Falkirk-notice of an



Italian History of the war of the United States, are bound by potent. Independence of the United States obligations to give their utmost aid -notice of an Historical Essay on to an undertaking which has comthe temporal power of the Popes- menced its career so brilliantly, and Kotzebue's ancient history of Prus- given such pledges for repaying, sia-and notices of a number of in- four fold, all they can do for it. teresting foreign publications.

I address myself to no party, as a We may safely aver, that in ex. distinction arising from domestick tent, interest, variety, and excellence dissensions, but to the AMERICAN of matter, this journal need affect Party, as regards our great nationno diffidence in claiming a rank with al interests and policy, in relation to any similar production abroad. foreign powers, about which we

To the whole is added, as an ap- should be wholly and indivisibly unipendix, a copious and valuable se ted. To that party, to Americans, as lection of state papers.

distinguished from foreign intruders, Whether a work, at once so ho- the doctrines of this journal cannot nourable and so useful to our coun be offensive or unacceptable. They try, shall continue, must dependere truly and ardently American; upon the patronage it shall receive; and whatever preference Mr. W. the patronage, not only of those who gives to Great Britain in relation to read, but of those, also, who can her conflict with the “homicide des. write. It is idle to imagine, that' the potism," he gives her none over his labour of any individual can, alone, own country; on the contrary, he sustain for any great length of time, grounds his preference very much the weight of such a work; and inen, on the belief that our safety waits on who have either pride or interest in her success. the character and concerns of the


A second Journey in Spain, in the Spring of 1809; from Lisbon, through the Western

Skirts of the Sierra Morena, to Sevilla, Cordova, Granada, Malaga and Gibraltar; and thence to Tetuan and Tangiers. With plates, containing 24 figures, illustrative of the Costume and Manners of the Inhabitants of several of the Spanish Provin. ces. By Robert Semple, author of Observations in a Journey through Spain and Italy to Naples, and thence to Smyrna and Constantinople, in 1805; also of Walks and Sketches at the Cape of Good Hope; and of Charles Ellis. Crown 8vo. pp. 304. 8s. boards. London.

THE present is the third time es. In our former criticisms, we took that Mr. Semple has come under occasion to censure his inelegancies our jurisdiction in the capacity of a and inaccuracies of style, while we traveller; the first occasion having paid a tribute of commendation to been, as a describer of the Cape, the fidelity of his descriptions. and the next as a tourist in Spain. These impressions have been reThe interest excited in the publick called to our recollection by the pemind by the situation of that coun rusal of the work before us. It postry induced him, during the last sesses an equal degree of merit with year, to resume his travels; and he its predecessors, in regard to canhas lost no time in bringing before dour of delineation; and it continues his readers the fruit of his research to betray the traces of the same false

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