Abbildungen der Seite


THE JERBOA, OR JUMPING HARE. A few days after we took up our by Herodotus and other authors residence with professor Pallas (at The whole merit of either of these Akmetchet, in the Crimea) some observations, if there be any, is due, Tartars brought him a beautiful first to the learned Bochart, and little animal, which has been called afterwards to the labours of Hayın, the juinping hare, and born a va- in the illustration of a medal of Cy. riety of names, but is in fact the rene, upon which this animal apsame as the African jerboa. We pears; although Shaw, after the insaw it afterwards in Egypt; and it is troduction of these observations in not common cither there or in the his work, not only does not acknow. Crimca. It may be called the kanga- ledge whence he derived the inforroo in miniature; as it has the same mation, but even asserts that the form, although it is smaller than a animal described by Haym was not rabbit, and it assists itself, like the the jerboa. It seems pretty clear that kangaroo, with its tail, in leaping. it was, although in the engraving That which professor Pallas receiv. published by Haymn the foro feet are ed, was a pregnant female, contain: represented rather too long. A cening two young ones. Its colour was tury ago, they did not pay the attenlight gray, except the belly, which tion to minuie accuracy in such re. was almost white. The fore feet of presentations, which they do now, this animal are attached to its breast, and nearly that time has elapsed, without any legs; so that in all its since the work of Haym appeared. motions it makes use only of its His mode of expressing himself is, hind quarters, bounding and making to be sure, somewhat cquivocal, besurprising leaps, whenever it is dis- cause he says: “ When it ran, it turbed. Afterwards we caught one went hopping like a bird;" but the in the steppes, which we stuffed words “ e sempre camina sopra due and brought to England. Professor piedi solamente," as well as “ salta Pallas himself did not seem to be molt' alto quand', è spavurito," when aware that the mus jaculus, which added to the engraved representa. was the name he gave it, is the tion, plainly prove what it was. It is animal mentioned by Shaw, in his generally esteemed as an article of account of Barbary, nor was it until food in all countries where it is we became enabled to make the found. It burrows in the ground like comparison ourselves in Africa, that a rabbit; but seems more to resemwe discovered the jerboa to be the ble the squirrel, than either that same kind of quadruped we had be- animal or the rat. Its finc dark eyes fore known in the Crimea. Bochart have all the lustre of the antelope's. supposes this little animal to be the Haym savs, the smell of it is never saphan of the scriptures. “The high offensive when kept domestick; and, hills are a refuge for the wild goats, indeed, it may be considered one of and so are the stony rocks for the the most pleasing, harmless, little saphannim;" which our translation quadrupeds of which we have any renders « conies.” Shaw is, howe- knowledge. Gmelin observed it in ver, undecided upon this point; but the neighbourhood of Woronetz, in supposes the jerboa, from the re- 1768; Messerschmied, in Siberia; markable disproportion of his fore and Hasselquist, in Egypt. When and hinder legs, may be taken for our army was encamped near Alexone of the two footed rats mentioned andria, in the late expedition to Egypt, the soldiers preserved some burrow. Its leaps were extraordi. of these animals in boxes, and fed nary for so small an animal; some. them like rabbits.

times to the distance of six or eight In another place, speaking of this yards, but in no determinate direc. curious animal, Dr. Clarke says: tion. It bounded backwards and for

“ We travelled all night; and in wards, without ever quitting the the morning, at sunrise, were roused vicinity of the place where it was by our interpreter, a Greek, who found. The most singular circumbegged we would observe an animal stance in its nature is, the power it half flying and half running among possesses of altering its course when the herbs. It was a jerboa, the in the air. It first leaps perpendicu. quadruped already noticed. We larly from the ground to the height caught it with some difficulty, and of four feet or more; and then, by a should not have succeeded, but for motion of its tail, with a clicking the cracking of a large whip, the noise, strikes off in whatever direcnoise of which terrified it so much, tion it chooses." that it lost all recollection of its

REMARKABLE INSTANCE OF THE evacuation. After some time, they EFFECTS OF FEAR.

knocked off his fetters, and left him George Groehantzy, a Polander, at liberty to go whither he would. who had enlisted as a soldier in the He received his liberty with the service of the king of Prussia, de. same insensibility that he had showed serted during the last war. A small upon other occasions. He remained party was sent in pursuit of him; fixed and immovable; his eyes turnand, when he least expected it, they ed wildly here and there, without surrounded him, singing and dan- taking cognizance of any object, cing among a company of peasants, and the muscles of his face were who were got together at an inn, fallen, and fixed, like those of a and were making merry. This event, dead body. Being left to himself, he so sudden and unforseen, and at the passed nineteen days in this condisame time, so dreadful in its conse. tion, without eating, drinking, or quences, struck him in such a mans any evacuation, and died on the ner, that, giving a great cry, he be- twentieth day. . came, at once, altogether stupid and insensible, and was seized, without the least resistance. They

LIGHT LITERATURE. carried him away to Glosau, where A mong the numerous votaries of he was brought before the council of light literature, there have not been war, and received sentence, as a de- wanting some possessed of leisure serter. He suffered himself to be led to inquire into the meaning of horns and disposed of, at the will of those being usually ascribed to those who about him, without uttering a word, are unhappy enough to have wives of or giving the least sign, that he over-accommodating knew what liad happened, or would l writer (who must certainly be lappen to him. He remained im- termed learned, since he expresses movable as a statue, wherever he himself in Latin) informs us that was placed, and was wholly passive none but horned animals are gregawith respect to all that was done to rious, and intermingle in common, him, or about him. During all the and that thence originates the gibe time he was in custody, he neither under consideration. But, it is evi. nie, drank, nor slepe, nor had any dent, that this author is mistaken, VOL. .


both in regard to his presumed fact heart of him that received it, whichi of natural history, and the applica- marred the whole benefit.” The tion of it. There is no room for queen was proud of her frugality, doubt, as to the foundation of the and therefore was not offended with custom. The ancient soldiers wore, the secretary's advice. during military excursions, the T he abovementioned sir Thomas horns of such animals as had been Smith wrote a long conversational sacrificed to the god of battles; and disquisition on the propriety of his it was in allusion to the prevalent royal mistress entering into that holevity of their helpmates, during ly state, against which her love of the separation, that every unfortu- sway adduced stronger arguments nate husband was first said to be one than any opposed by the well-meanwho wore the horns.

ing zeal of the secretary. Sir Thomas was a warm advocate for her

majesty's marrying with an EnglishQUEEN ELIZABETH.

man; and some idea of his style,

and of the manner in which it was Queen Elizabeth is well known to

usual to address the sovereign, may have been parsimonious in every

be formed from the following pasparticular. The following instance

sage of his work: “ Then, if there of this saving knowledge, in her ma

be any qualities and perfection in jesty, is not, I believe, to be seen in any other work than the life of sir

any of our nation which her majesty

can like, were it not more to be Thomas Smith, the secretary; a

wished for her highness to make book published in the sixteenth cen. tury, and almost unknown at the

her choice there, where her own present day. When the earl of Des.

self is judge, than to build upon mond (that potent instigator of re

hearsay, and, in so weighty a matter

(by marrying an alien-prince) to bellion among the Irish) was prisoner in England, A. D. 1572, the

buy, as the common proverb is, a pig queen consented to a political re

in the poke." conciliation; and, in observance of the rank and immense power of the earl, and, in consideration of his

Merited and Mercantile Mobility. promising to drive the rebels entirely out of Ireland, she informed One of the former kings of the secretary of her graciously in- France used sometimes to admit a tending to confer some tokens of her merchant to his presence, in conseregard on Desmond, before he left quence of his ability in his profesthe metropolis. Sir Thomas applaud- sion. At length the latter thought it ed this intention, and then the convenient to solicit a patent of noqueen professed her readiness to bility, which was granted him. This bestow on the demi monarch a piece new nobleman soon after presented of silk for his apparel, together with himself at court; but his majesty did some of the current coin of her not deign to pay him the least atkingdom. « Upon which sir Tho. tention. Upon his inquiring into the mas's judgment was, that, seeing cause of it, he was told that the king the queen would tie the earl to her had observed, that whilst he was a service with a benefit, it should be merchant, he was the first of his done liberally and largely, not profession; but that, since he had grudgingly and meanly. Which, as been made a nobleman, he was of he added, did so disgrace the bene- course the last, and no longer worfit, that, instead of love, it many thy of that preference he had formertimes left a grudge behind, in thc ly enjoyed.


Anecdote of sir Christopher Wren On the name of Horatio Nelson.

and king Charles II.

Sir Christopher Wren was a man The following anagram is, per- of small stature. When king Charles haps, the neatest and most pointed

II. came to see the hunting place one extant, and cannot be too gene. he had built at Newmarket, he rally known. The christian and sur

thought the rooms too low. Sir Chrisvame of the late hero of the Nile

topher walked about them, and lookand Trafalgar, make exactly the

ing up, replied: “ Sir, and please following Latin words:

your majesty, I think they are high

enough.” The king squatted down Honor esi a Nilo.

to sir Christopher's height, and Honour is from the Nile.

creeping about in that posture, Thirteen letters, exactly the same

cried: “ Aye, sir Christopher, I as in the name of Horatio Nelson. think they are high enough.”. which forms a happy coincidence and allusion; for had he been chris

THE MASKED JEW. tened Horace, or Horatius, the At one of the masquerades lately anagram could not obtain; and fare given at the Margate theatre, a ther, had he not gained the victory gentleman, who appeared in the of the Nile, it still would have been character of a Jew, came up to an defective; but as it is, it is, perhaps, officer, and asked to purchase his the happiest and most complete that sword. The officer indignantly reover was produced; and it is justly plied: “ Be careful, sir: that sword attributed to the ingenious and will fight of itself." The humorous learned Dr. Burney, of Greenwich. Israelite rejoined: “ That is the Had this anagram been previously sword that just suits you.discovered, it would have been a motto for his lordship's arms, equal.

MILANESE PIIYSICIAN. ly, if not more in point than the

A physician at Milan, who took present:

care of insane persons, on their bePalmam qui meruit ferat." ing guilty of any irregularity, used " Let him bear the palm who has de.

to have them placed up to the chin, served it."

or knees, in a stinking pond, according to the degrees of their fault.

One of these persons who had unANECDOTE OF REMBRANDT. dergone this discipline, and was Rembrandt, being in want of money, allowed to walk about the yard, and finding his works of heavy vent, meeting a gentleman with his put into the newspapers that he was hounds coming through, he addressdead, and advertised a publick sale ed the sportsman: “ What are those of the finished and unfinished paint. dogs for?” “ To catch hares," reings in his house. Crowds flocked to plied the gentleman. “ And what do the auction, eager to possess one of they cost you by the year?” “ Two the last efforts of so great a master. hundred pounds, including servants The meanest sketch sold at a price, and horses.” “ And what is the vawhich entire pictures had never lue of the hares you kill in a twelvefetched before. After collecting the month ?” “ About forty pounds, perproceeds, Rembrandt came to life haps, or less,” replied ihe gentleman. again; but the Dutch, who resent « Ride away, then, as fast as you can," improbity even in genius, never said the madman, “ for if the doctor would employ him after his resur- fiuds you here, you will soon be in rcction.

that pond up in your chin."

FOX-CHASE IN THE STREETS OF sion through Scotch street, Church WHITEHAVEN.

street, Lowther street, and Cross A brace of American foxes, much street, where he sought refuge; but admired for their handsome figure, was opposed in his design by a host and particularly on account of their of damsels. who ever-and-anon branenormous bushy tails, have, for some dished both mofis and brooms at him. time, been kept in Fox-lane, where Twice he made the tour of Church they were properly attended. One street-at last, with about a hundred morning lately, in order that they people at his heels. Thus closely might the more freely receive some pursued, he returned into Mr. Fursustenance that was offered to them, nass's leather-shop, secreting himthey were uncoupled. At this op- self underneath a bale of leatherportunity, one of them conceived the where he was taken. On being redesire to take an airing; he sprang stored to his den, he was received past his keeper, and in less than with great joy, and even congratula. half a minute cleared a wall twelve tion, by his companion. feet high. He made a rapid excur


(By James Montgomery.]
There is a land, of every land the pride,
Beloved by heaven o'er all the world be-

Where brighter suns dispense serener

And milder moons emparadise the night;
A land of beauty, virtue, valour, truth,
Time-tutored age; and love-exalted

Strows with fresh flowers the narrow way

of life; In the clear heaven of her delightful eye, An angel-guard of loves and graces lie; Around hier knees domestick duties meet, And tireside pleasures gambol at her feet. "Where shall that land, that spot of earth

be found ?” Art thou a man?-a patriot?-look around; A 0, thou shalt find, howe'er thy footsteps

roam, That land thy country, and that spot thy



The wandering mariner, whose eye ex

The wealthiest isles, the most enchanting

Views not a realm so bountiful and fair,
Nor breaths the spirit of a purer air;
In every clime the magnet of his soul,
Touched by remembrance, trembles to

that pole;
For in this land of heaven's peculiar grace,
The heritage of nature's noblest race,
There is a spot of earth supremely blest,
A dearer, sweeter spot than all the rest,
Where man, creation's tyrant, casts aside
His sword and sceptre, pageantry and

While in his softened looks benignly

blend The sire, the son, the husband, father,

friend: Here woman reigns; the mother, daugh.

ter, wife,


[By James Montgomery.]
A vessel sailed from Albion's shore,

To utmost India bound;
Its crest a hero's pendant bore,

With broad sea-laurels crowned
In many a fierce and noble fight,
Though foiled on that Egyptian night,

When Gallia's host was drowned,
And Nelson o'er his country's foes,
Like the destroying angel rose.
A gay and gallant company,

With shouts that rend the air,
For warriour-wreaths upon the sea,

Their joyful brows prepare;

« ZurückWeiter »