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still retain my memory, as it appears; was once strong enough to prevent and I think I have forgotten nothing me from dying of vexation, as my except my enemies in this country, friend, prince Louis of Baden did whom I forgive with all my heart. about thirty years ago. I shrugged A foreigncr, and successful - This my shoulders at it, and kept on my was too much for them. My health usual course. For instance, if I were is very good, considering my age of to interfere in publick affairs, I would seventy-two years, the fatigues of I say to the emperour: « Take all posknow not how many campaigns, and sible precautions respecting your the effects of I can't tell how many succession; it will be involved in wounds. The chevalier Carelli, my dreadful confusion. Two or three physician and friend, furnishes me powers will lay claim to it. Prevent with a sure remedy for curing what all this in your life-time. Here is an he calls the radical humidity, which occasion for driving about as I did he says is somewhat wasted. I have in my time to Munich, Berlin, Lonyet many things to do for the em- don, the Hague," &c. The army and bellishment of my gardens and pa. artillery are neglected. We shall lace; for instance, I mean to buy all not be capable of resistance, unless the ground in front of that in which we contrive to prevent all that is I live, and at which I have employ- likely to happen; and unless, above ed 1500 workmen (because it was all things, on the death of Charles a time of dearth, and this was bene. VI. we refuse to go to war with the ficial to the city of Vienna) to form Turks. I wish prosperity to the a fine square, with a splendid foun. house of Austria, and hope that it tain in the middle. If I should live will extricate itself from this ema little longer, I shall not fail to write barrassment. I have written enough down whatever I recollect, and what to day, and will now mount my comes into my head, which is still horse to go and look at a lion which pretty strong, though, to annoy me, has just arrived at my menageric, people have asserted that my facul- on the road to Schweikelt. * * * ties were considerably decayed. It
EXCURSION OF THE BRITISH AERONÁUTS, SADLER AND CLAYFIELD.
ON Monday, September 24, about ley of Rocks, Linton, in Devonshire, 40 minutes past one, Mr. Sadler, of to the great joy of the spectators. Oxford, and Mr. Clayfield, of Castle. The apparatus for performing the street, Bristol, ascended in an air process of filling, consisted of two balloon from a field near Bristol, large vessels, containing upwards of and after twice crossing the Bristol 1500 gallons each, into which there channel, from England to Wales, were introduced 2 1-2 tons of iron and from Wales to England, and filings and water; the sulphurick going the distance of 150 miles, acid was afterwards conveyed by a came down on the Bristol channel, leaden syphon into the vessel, and three miles off the Valley of Rocks, from thence the gas was conveyed, at 20 minutes past four, in sight of by means of two large tubes, termia great number of people. A boat nating in nine other pipes in each put off immediately from Lymouth, vessel, which passed through causand at 20 minutes past five, the boat tick potash and water, into the balgot to the balloon, and brought Mr. loon, by a large silk conductor, preSadler and Mr. Clayfield safe on pared for the purpose. The following shore, with the balloon, at the Val- account has been published: Mr. Sadler (being his sixteenth time of Clevdeon, left England, and passed ascension) accompanied by Mr. over the channel." At mid-channel, William Clayfield, entered the car opened the valve, and nearing Carat about twenty minutes after one diff, about twenty-five minutes past o'clock, the wind blowing fresh from two o'clock, the thermometer 55, north east, and commenced one of descended so low as to hear the the most daring enterprises ever shouts of the people and the breakundertaken by any aërial voyager. ers between Barry and Scilly islands. Mr. Şadler was well aware of the Fearing the main land could not be consequence of the wind continuing reached, and a current of air impel. to blow from the quarter in which ling the balloon towards the sea, it was at the time of ascension; for more ballast was thrown out, in do. if they escaped being blown into the ing which Mr. Sadler lost his hat. western ocean, they would have been At half past two the balloon was compelled to traverse great part of about mid-channel, and continued the channel, with every probability descending till forty minutes past of descending at a distance from the two o'clock, when it was perpendishore; but his zeal to gratify the cular with the Flat Holmes; the publick curiosity, which had been light-house very visible. Still contigreatly excited, surmounted every nuing to descend most rapidly toobstacle, and determined him to wards the sea, a quantity of sand make the attempt. The ascent of was shaken from one of the bags: the balloon was rapid, and yet so but the balloon continuing rapidly to still, that all sense of motion was descend, several other bags were lost to the aëronauts. The balloon, thrown over, which instantaneously about half a mile high, entered a caused an ascent so rapid, as to thick black cloud, when Bristol and bring the balloon in contact with the its neighbourhood were no longer sand from the first mentioned bag, visible. The cloud did not the least which fell into the car in a profuse incommode them. From the rapid shower. The balloon continued to ascent, the cloud was soon passed ascend until about forty minutes past through, when the grandeur and three o'clock, when it approached sublimity of the view, exceeded the the Devon coast, the Bideford and power of description. On looking Barnstaple rivers being very easily back on the cloud from which the distinguished. The thermometer aëronauts had emerged, the most now at 27. At fifty minutes past beautiful appearance exhibited itself. three, off Linton, a small town on The shadow of the balloon was ob- the coast of Devon, between Ilfra. served in its centre, surrounded with combe and Porlock. After having a most beautiful halo (circular rain. crossed the Bristol channel twice, how). The balloon still ascended ra. at ten minutes past four o'clock, pidly, and soon entered a second being desirous of reaching the coast, cloud. At two o'clock the thermo- threw out every thing that could be mieter was at 47. Passing over the parted with, including a great coat, river, nearly perpendicular with a valuable barometer, a thermomelady Smyth's, at Redcliff, the pa- ter, a speaking trumpet, the graprachute was launched, with a cat in pling-iron, and even part of the inte. a basket attached to it, which de. riour covering of the car, in the scended rapidly for a considerable hope of reaching the main land about time before it expanded, when its Barnstaple; but, owing to the exinotion was slow and peculiarly haustion of the gas, the balloon graceful. At a quarter past two would not rise sufficiently to clear o'clock, perpendicular with Wood. the high cliffs of Watermouth, near spring, on the Somerset coast, near Combe-Martin. The balloon stil! descending, and seeing no prospect Mr. Sadler insisting that Mr. Claybut of contending with the sea, the field should first leave the car, it aëronauts put on their life-preser was agreed to, under the impression vers. A few minutes afterwards, the that Mr. Sadler had more expericar, with violent agitation, came in ence in securing the balloon, which contact with the waves, about four took nearly two hours to accomplish; miles from the shore.” At this cri. when Mr. Sadler stepped into the tical moment, their perilous situa- boat. About nine o'clock at night, tion was descried from the cliffs of the party, unable, from the roughLymouth, by Mr. Sanford, of Nine- ness of the beach, to walk without head, Mr. Rowe, and some other assistance, arrived at the pier of gentlemen, whose zealous and well. Lymouth, a small romantick seadirected efforts, did them great cre- port, under Linton, where refresh: dit. They sent out a well-manned ments were most hospitably suppliboat to their immediate assistance, ed, and they were enabled to reach which, when first discovered by the the town of Linton, on the top of the aëronauts, appeared about the size hill. Congratulations accompanied of a bird floating on the water. The the aeronauts through every town on car, nearly filled with water (the their way to Bristol, where they arriaëronauts being up to their knees) ved about 12 o'clock on Wednesday was dragged along the balloon 26th, to the great satisfaction, and skimming the surface, and acting as amidst the heart-felt cheerings of a sail, when the cords of the balloon the citizens of Bristol; after having pointed out that they were drifting passed over, in their aërial flight, very rapidly from shore up channel. upwards of eighty miles of water, After being in this state a full hour, and about twenty miles of land. the water increasing very fast, the The barometer having met with an boat approached; when every effort accident, which rendered it useless, was made to secure and exhaust the no accurate account of the height to balloon. Here a point of honour was which the balloon ascended, could disputed between the two acronauts, be taken; but the aëronauts conceive which should quit the car first; it that they must have risen full two being then in a sinking state; but miles and a half.
[FROM CLARKE'S TRAVELS IN RUSSIA, &c.] THE SUROKE OR MARMOT, THE BIROKE, AND THE SUSLICKS.
AMONG the innumerable inhabinima subterranea. Such mistakes tants of the immense plains of the are not uncommon in zoology; natuterritory of the Don Cossacks, is an ralists frequently add to the noanimal, which the natives call su- menclature of animals, by superfluroke, the marmot of the Alps. I ous appellations. A beautiful little have seen Savoyards at Paris, lead. quadruped, called jerboa, in Egypt, ing them about for show. They bas been described, in other coungrow here to the size of a large tries, as a distinct animal, under the badger; and so much resemble the various names of mus jaculus, subter. bear, in their manner and appear- raneous hare, vaulting rat, leaper, ance, that, until we became acquaint- &c. &c. but it is the same creature ed with the true history of the suo every where, and bears to the kanroke, we considered it as a nonde. garoo the degree of relationship, script animal, and called it ursa mie which a lizard has to the crocodile. I shall describe it more minutely here. with the lining of our carriage, which aftcr. Our present business is with was of leather. As soon as they have the suroke, which is seen in all parts done eating, they become so somof the steppes, sitting erect, near its nolent, as even to fall asleep in your burrow, on the slightest alarm, bands, in any posture or situation, whistling very loud, and observing or under any circumstance of jolt. all around. It makes such extensive ing, noise, or motion. While awake subterraneous chambers, that the they are very active, and surpass ground is perforated in all direc- cvery other animal in the quickness tions, and the land destroyed, where with which they will bury themselves ever the animal is found. Its colour in the earth. They resemble guinea is a grayish brown. It has five fin- pigs in making a grunting noise; gers upon each of its paws, which and whenever surprised, or much very much rescinble human hands, pleased, or in any degree frighten. and are used after the same manner. ed, they utter loud and short squeaks, The mouth, tecth, and head, are which have the tone of a person like those of the squirrel; but the whistling. cars are shorter. Its fine eyes are Having mentioned our little pug round, full, dark, and bright; the dog, it inay be well to say some tail is short; the belly generally pro- thing of the importance of its pretuberant, and very large. It devours sence with us, for the advantage of whatever it finds, with the greatest other travcilers. The precaution was voracity; and remains in a state of Girst recommended to us by a Polish torpor half the time of its existence. traveller in Denmark. Any small Many of the peasants keep these dog (the more diminutive the betcreatures tame in their houses. We ter; because the more portable, and purchased no less than four, which generally the more petulant) will lived, and travelled with us, in our prove a valuable guardian, in councarriage, and gave us an opportunity tries where the traveller is liable to to study their natural history. They attacks from midnight robbers, and were always playing or sleeping, especially from pirates by water, as beneath our feet, to the great apnoy- in the Archipelago. They generally ance of our little pug dog, who felt slecp during the day, and sound much insulted by the liberties they their shrill alarum, upon the most took with him. The peasants, uni- distant approach of danger, during versally, gave them the name of the night. I recollect an instance of waski. They assured me, they al- one, who enabled a party of mariways lost them in the month of Sep. ners to steer clear of some shallows, tember, and that they did not make by barking at a buoy, which, in the their reappearance until the begin- darkness of the night, they had not ning of April. They either descende perceived. The instances in which ed into a burrow, or concealed our little dog was useful, it is necd. themselves in some place, where less to relate. But it may gratify they might remain least liable to curiosity to be informed, that, Juille observation, and there slept during rally afraid of water, and always the whole winter. To awaken them averse froin entering it, he crossed during that season, materially in- all the rivers and lakes of Lapland, jures their health, and sometimes Sweden, and Norw..y, after his maskills them. They are most destruc- , ters; accompanied them, during three tive animals, for they will gnaw years, in different climates, yet deeverything which falls into their testing bodily exercisc; and ulti. way; as shoes, boots, wooden planks, mately perforined a journey on foot, and all kinds of roots, fruit, and re- keeping up with horses, from A. getables. They made sad hayock thens, through all Greece, Macedo. nia, and Thrace; making the tour of being incommoded by water. At the the Archipelago, to Constantinople; extremity of this little gallery, it and thence, in the same manner, forms a very spacious chamber, to through Bulgaria and Wallachia, to which, as to a granary, it brings, Bucharest.
every morning and evening, all it Other animals, common in the can collect of favourite herbage, of steppes (or plains) are wolves and corn, if it can be found, of roots, bears; also, a quadruped, called bin and other food. Nothing is more roke, of a gray colour, something amusing than to observe its habits. like a wolf, very ferocious, and dar. If any one approaches, it is scen siting enough to attack a man. The ting, at the entrance of its little Cossack peasants, armed with their dwelling, erect, upon its hind feet, lances, sally forth, on horseback, to like the suroke, carefully noticing the chase of this animal. It has a whatever is going on around it. In long, full tail, which it drags on the the beginning of winter, previous to ground. From the accounts given of retiring for the season, it carefully it by the peasants, I suspected it to closes up the entrance to its subterbe the same animal described by raneous abode with sand, in order professor Pallas, as found in the en- to keep out the snow; as nothing anvirons of Astrachan, under the ap- Doys it so much as water, which is pellation of chukal, and which is said all the Calmucks and Cossacks to be between a wolf and a dog; but make use of in taking them; for the whether it answers to the jackal of instant that water is poured into Egypt or not, I did not learn their burrows, they run out, and are
The most numerous of all the easily caught. The Calmucks are quadrupeds of the steppes, the very fond of theni; but I belicve whole way from Woronetz to they are rarely eaten by the CosTscherchaskoy, are the suslicks; by sacks. Their greatest enemy is the which name they are called through- falcon, who makes a constant breakout the country. As you draw near fast and supper of suslicks. They the Don, they absolutely swarm, and have from two to ten young ones at may be taken in any number. This a time; and, it is supposed, from the interesting little animal is supposed hoard prepared, that the suslick does to be the mus citullus of Buffon; but not sleep, like the suroke, during the description of it will prove whe- winter. All the upper part of its ther this be really the case or not. body is of a deep yellow, spotted We procured several, one of which with white. Its neck is beautifully we stuffed; but it has not been pre- white; the breast yellowish, and the served; and, therefore, I prefer belly a mixed colour of yellow making reference to the notes taken and gray. It has, moreover, a black on the spot, rather than to any thing forehead, reddish, white temples, connected with its present appear- and a white chin. The rest of its ance. It makes a whistling noise, head is of an ashcoloured yellow; like the suroke; but is much smaller, and the ears are remarkably sinall. not being larger than a small wea- Among the feathered tribe in the sel. It constructs its habitation under steppes, we noticed, particularly in ground, with incredible quickness; this part of our journey, birds called excavating, first of all, a small cy- staritchi, or the elders; which are lindrical hole or well, perpendicu- seen in flocks, and held by the peolarly, to the depth of three feet; ple in superstitious veneration. thence, like a correct miner, it They are about the size of a snipe, shoots out a level, although rather in with a very elegant form, a brown an ascending direction, to prevent colour, and white breast.