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persons shall not be treated with in future naturally attracted our peculiar atby me, upon any terms or consideration tention, and led us to expect somewhatever. I am convinced, that land
thing above the common style of owners, as well as farmers and labourers, of every description, if they knew their
writing, we should have been disown interest, would perceive, that they
posed to view the work in a favourowe much of their prosperity to those po. able light; but, keeping the profespular hunts, by the great influx of money sion of the author in the back that is annually brought into the country.
country ground, and considering the volumes I shall, therefore, use my utmost endea. vours to induce all persons of my acquaint
as the performance of a sportsman, ance, to adopt similar measures; and, I
possessing rather more intellectual am already happy to find, that three gen- endowment than most of his bretlemen, of very extensive landed pro- thren, we think that they form an inperty, in Leicestershire, and on the bor- teresting publication. Mr. D. howders of Northamptonshire, have positively ever, has shown himself to be an insent, within these few days, similar direc
dustrious, rather than a judicious, tions to their stewards, which their tenants will be apprised of, before they retake compile
compiler. He has brought together their farms at next Lady Day," vol. i. a great mass of valuable and enterp. 233.
taining matter, respecting the natu
ral history of beasts, birds, and fishWe will venture to say, that this es; the mode of breeding, training, association, against the liberty and and feeding dogs; with a complete property of one of the most useful body of instruction for pursuing the and industrious classes of the com- various sports of which he treats; munity, has scarcely been equalled, and a digest of the game, forest, and for i!liberality, in any age or coun- other sporting laws and statutes. But try. Giving the noble landlords full these subjects are by no means well credit for the object professed in this arranged, and are interspersed with letter, “the good of the community," much useless or irrelevant digreswe may, at least, hint a suspicion, sion. In estimating his merits, we that they have mistaken the means may consider him in three different of attaining that object; and that the points of view; as a naturalist, a greater consumption of hay and sportsman, and a lawyer. corn, and the increased influx of mo. First, as a writer on the natural ney, which his lordship, and the history of the animals, which are ei. reverend editor regard as the na- ther the agents or the objects of rú. tural consequences of these popular ral sports, Mr. Daniel appears in hunts, are more than balanced by the most amiable and most favourthe havock committed by the pro- able light; and we have derived much tected foxes, among their protectors' pleasure, and some information, from lambs and poultry, and by the mis. this part of his work. He has, inchief done by the members of the deed, copied largely, and not always hunt, to the fields, fences, and crops very judiciously, from Pennant, Bufof the tenants.
fon, White, and other eminent na. To come now to the author's ob- turalists. But he has done more than ject, in the present performance. this; for, though he modestly styles It is stated to be, to impart a certain his work a compilation, and alway's degree of previous knowledge, which speaks of himself as the “ comis requisite, to enable sportsmen to piler,” he has intraduced several inprosecute the pastimes of the field teresting facts and anecdotes from with facility and success. We wil- his own observation, or that of his lingly allow, that he has attained this sporting friends. We shall select a end; and, had it not been for the few of these, both because they will unfortunate word reverend, display- be new to many of our readers, and ed in the engraved title page, which because they afford good specimens of Mr. Daniel's manner, as an origin when he mentioned the name of Phil. nal writer.
lis. For a long time it was unable to eat or Much of the first volume, and part
drink, and it was kept alive by the susteof the third, are occupied with the
nance it received from its mistress, who
used to feed it with a tea spoon. At lengti natural history of the dog; and, in it recovered.” vol. i. p. 28. particular, with an account of the fox hound, the terrier, the harrier,
We have seldom seen a more rethe beagle, the gray hound, the
markable instance of unnatural alpointer, the setter, and the spaniel.
fection between animals which are Speaking of the great capability of
the declared enemies of each other,
than is contained in the subsequent dogs to support life, under very long abstinence from food, he pre
paragraph: sents us with the following affecting “A singular instance of ferocity and Barrative:
affection, in a terrier bitch, which occur
red some years since, may be here men. “ In 1789, when preparations were tioned. After a very severe burst of upmaking at St. Paul's, for the reception of wards of an hour, a fox was, by my own his majesty, a favourite bitch followed its bounds, run to earth, at Heney Dovehouse, master up the dark stairs of the dome. near Sudbury, in Suffolk. The terriers were Here, all at once, it was missing, and calling lost; but, as the fox went to ground in and whistling was to no purpose. Nine
view of the headmost hounds, and it was weeks after this, all but two days, some the concluding day of the season, it was glaziers were at work in the cathedral, resolved to dig him, and two men from and heard, amongst the timbers which Sudbury brought a couple of terriers for support the dome, a faint noise. Thinking that purpose. After considerable labour, it might be some unfortunate human be. the hunted fox was got, and given to the ing, they tied a rope round a boy, and let hounds. Whilst they were breaking the for, him down near the place whence the one of the terriers slipt back into the sound came. At the bottom, he found a
earth, and again laid. After more digging, dog, lying on its side, the skeleton of
a bitch fox was taken out, and the terrier another doz, and an old shoe, half eaten.
killed two cubs in the earth, three others The humanity of the boy led him to res.
were saved from her fury, and which were cue the animal from its miserable situa begged by the owner of the bitch, who tion, and it was accordingly drawn up,
said he should make her suckle them. much emaciated, and scarce able to stand.
This was laughed at, as impossible. HowThe workmen placed it in the porch of the ever, the man was positive, and had the church, to die, or live, as it might hap
cubs. The bitch fox was carried away, and pen. This was about ten o'clock in the
turned into an earth in another county. morning. Some time after, the dog was
The terrier had behaved so well at earth, seen, endeavouring to cross the street, at
that I, some days afterwards, bought her, the top of Ludgate hill, but its weakness
with the cubs she had fostered. The bitch was so great, that, unsupported by a wall, continued regularly to suckle, and reared be could not accomplish it. The miserable
them, until able to shift for themselves. appearance of the dog again excited the
What adds to this singularity, is, that the compassion of a boy, who carried it over.
terrier's whelp was near five weeks old, By the aid of the houses, he was enabled and the cubs could just see, when this exto get to Fleet market, and over two or change of progeny was made." vol. i. p. 122. three narrow crossings in its way to Holborn bridge; and about eight o'clock in
It is, we believe, a novelty in the the evening, it reached its master's house natural history of the fox, that the in Red Lion street, Holborn, and laid female should deposit its young itself down on the steps, having been ten within the hollow of a tree, at a con
siderable distance from the ground. that place. The dog was so much altered, the eyes being sunk in the head, as to be
Hence the ensuing circumstance, scarce discernible, that the master would observed by Mr. Daniel, merits atnot encourage his old faithful companion, tention. who, when lost, was supposed to weigh 20 lbs. and now only weighed 3 lbs. 1402. “ In April, 1784, the compiler's hounds The first indication it gave of knowing found at Bromfield-Hallwoord; by some its master, was by wagging the tail, accident the whipper-in was thrown out,
and, after following the track two or drophobia in the human body. la three miles, gave up the pursuit. In re- this farrago we particularly notice turning home, he came through the fields the al
the observations of Mr. Meynell, near the cover where the fox was found. A terrier that was with him whined, and
communicated to Dr. Arnold, and was very busy at the foot of an oak pola
published by him in his « Case of lard tree. This induced the man to dis. Hydrophobia, "which seem to convey mount, and examine if there was any hole the most accurate ideas of the sympat the bottom, supposing it might be the toms of this terrible disease, as it harbour of a polecat, or some small ver
occurs in dogs. Perhaps the most min. Upon examination he could discern no hole; but the dog was still anxious to
valuable part of the author's miscelget up the tree, which was covered with
laneous observations on hydropho. twigs from the stem to the crown, and bia is that which relates to the pracupon which was plainly to be seen the tice and effects of worming dogs, dirt left by something that had gone up though he evidently does not underand down the boughs. He lifted the terrier
stand the nature of the operation:
stand the nature of the operation: as high as he could, and the dog's eagerness increased. He then climbed the tree, “The prevention of the direful effects of putting up the dog before him. The instant canine madness," says Mr.Daniel,“ seems the dog reached the top, the man heard to have been attempted in the early ages. him seize something, and, to his great To accomplish this, Pliny recommends the suurprise, found him fast chapped with a worming of dogs; and, from his time to bitch fox, which he secured, and four the present, it has most deservedly had cubs. The height of the tree was 23 feet, its advocates. Very strong proofs have and from the top there was a hole about 3 been adduced of its utility; nor is it natu. feet down, in which the fox had littered; ral to imagine so easy and effective an so that the height from the ground to operation would have been omitted, had where the cubs luid was 20 feet. There not more virtue been attributed to it than was no mode of the fox getting to or from it really possesses, and wherein it faileci.
the tree had no bend to render that path said to be the consequence; whereas the an easy one. It was considered, by num. fact was, and is, that taking out the worm bers of people who inspected the tree, to bas nothing to do with annihilating the be a most extraordinary incident, and the disord r, although it will most certainly cubs were begged, and three of them binder the dog seized with it, from doing reared up tame to commemorate it. One any hurt to man or beast. A late author of them the late Mr. Leigh had, and which
asserts he bad three dogs that were is well remembered at Wood's Hotel, in
wormed, bit by mad dogs, at three several Covent Garden, where he used frequently
periods; yet, notwithstanding they all died to run tame about the coffee room."-Vol. mad, they did not bite nor do any mis. I. p. 231.
chief; that, being determined to make a
full experiment, he shut one of the mad Mr. Daniel has given a rather full dogs up in a kennel, and put to him a dog account of the diseases incident to he did not value. The mad dog often run
at the other, to bite him; but his tongue dogs, with a large catalogue of their
was so swelled that he could not make usual remedies. In particular, he his teet
dies. in, parucular, ne his teeth meet. The dog was kept in the describes, at considerable length, kennel until the mad one died, and was chiefly from Mr. Blane's pamphlet, purposely preserved for two years afterthat affection which is called the wards, to note the effect; but he never distemper; and he treats at large on
ailed any thing, altliough no remedies canine madness. On this last disease
were applied to check any infection that
might have been received from the conhe has collected a voluminous mass
tact of the mad dog. of heterogeneous matter, both from “The compiler has had various oppos. sporting and from medical writers; tunities of proving the usefulness of worinand he has given the opinions of ing, and inserts three of the most striking Drs. Bardsley, Darwin, Mede, Tis. instances, under the hope of inducing its sot, Rowley, Thornton, Arnold, and 6 several other physicians, on the kept in the kennel with forty couple of
« A terrier bitch went mad, that was symptoms, causes, and cure of hy- hounds. Not a single hound was bitten, nor was she seen to offer to bite. The bitch ascertain its constant, or even frebeing of a peculiar sort, every attention quent effect, to be the security of was paid to her, and the gradations of the
the human species from that direful disease (which were extremely rapid) minutely noted. The hydrophobia was fast malady, the cure of which medicine approaching before she was separated has so often attempted in vain, the from the hounds, and she died the second operation ought, certainly, to be per. day after, At first warm milk was placed formed, at an early age, on every before her, which she attempted to lap; dog. According to Mr. Daniel, “the but the throat refused its functions. From
worming of whelps should be prethis period she never tried to eat or drink, seldom rose up, or even moved, the tongue
vious to their being sent out to quargwelled very much, and, long before her ters. This operation is to be perdeath, the jaws were distended by it. formed with a lancet, to slit the thin
"A spaniel was observed to be seized skin which immediately covers the by a strange dog, and was bit in the lip.
worm; a small awl is then to be inThe servant, who ran up to part them, nar.
troduced under the centre of the rowly escaped, as the dog twice few at him. A few minutes atte rthe dog had quit worm, to raise it up; the further end ted the yard, the people who had pursued of the worm will, with very little gave notice of the dog's madness, who force, make its appearance, and with had made terrible havock in the course of a cloth taking hold of that end, the ten miles, from whence he had set off.
other will be drawn out easily. Care The spaniel was a great favourite, had
must be taken that the whole of the medicine applied, and every precaution taken. Upon the 14th day he appeared to
worm comes away without breakloath his food, and his eyes looked unu. ing, and it rarely breaks unless cut sually heavy. The day following he endea. into by the lancet, or wounded by voured to lap milk, but could swallow the awl." p. 202. none. From that time the tongue began to 2dly. As a practical sportsman, swell, he moved himself very seldom, and
Mr. Daniel is quite at home; and on the third day he died. For many hours previous to bis death, the tongue was so though many years have passed since enlarged that the fangs, or canine teeth, we partook of the pleasures of the could not meet each other by upwards of chase, we have no doubt that the an inch.
ample code of instructions which he "'The hounds were, some years after, has drawn up, may be implicitly fol. parted with, and were sold in lots. A mad.
lowed. These instructions respect ness broke out in the kennel of the gentle. man who purchased many of them; and fox hunting, stag hunting, hare huntalthough several of these hounds were ing, coursing, and the pursuit of bitten and went mad, only one of them rabbits, martins, badgers, and otters, ever attempted to bite, and that was a in the first volume; sea fishing, anhound froniqthe duke ot Portland's, who, gling for all the various fresh water in the operation of worming, had the worm broke by his struggling, and he was so
so and river fish, with the construction troublesome that one half of it was suf- of flies, nets, and other fishing tackle, fered to remain. The others all died with and the management of fish ponds, symptoms similar to the terrier and the in the second; and shooting the vaspaniel, viz a violent swelling of the rious species of game, with the tongue, and a stupor rendering them breeding and training of spaniels Dearly motionless, and both which symptoms seemed to increase with the dis.
and pointers, and the choice and ease." Vol. I. p. 159.
management of fowling pieces, in
the third. We could have wished Whatever we may think of the that the author had entirely omitted style of the above paragraphs, we the diversion of badger hunting, and consider the facts which they con- we do not clearly perceive what sea tain as of great importance. We fishing has to do in a work of rural pretend not to determine what is furts; but, in general, this part of the nature of the operation of worm- the work is well executed, and ing; but if repeated experience shall abounds with interesting anecdotes. Among others, he has given an ac- which the mind revolts with pain and hors count of a sow that was trained and rour. Where is the wrong to individuals employed as a pointer, which we
that demands such an atonement ? Where
is the injury to society which requires quoted in our last volume, from
such an example? That the act of destroyMr. Bingley's “ Natural History
ing game is not malum in se, is evident; for of Quadrupeds."*
if it were the legislature could not license Lasily. Mr. Daniel's digest of the it. Not only the want of true wisdom, but game and other sporting laws, com the want of common justice in these stapiled chiefly from Blackstone's Com
tutes, requires the most earnest and at
tentive consideration in those who admimentaries, Burn's Justice, and (if we
nister in the government of the state.mistake not) from the Sporting Ma
Every amendment, however minute, in the gazine (in the early numbers of defective part of its legislative system, is which we remember to have seen a an immense acquisition of strength to our very similar digest) appears to be constitution. It takes a weapon from the complete, though faulty in point of
armoury of its enemies, and knits still
more closely the union of its friends. Unarrangement. We had expected to
wise laws are the worst foes of a state. It find the author a strenuous advocate
is the publick statutes that should perpe. for the game laws; but were pleased tuate and keep alive the great principles at seeing some very judicious and of practical freedom." Vol. I. p. 295. impartial observations on this unpopular branch of our statutes.
In a production of this kind, a With a quotation from this part, we
great variety of style must, in course, shall close our specimens of Mr.
appear; but we are sorry to say that Daniel's labours:
the style of Mr. Daniel, as far as we
can judge from what are given as “ No admirer of a manly, liberal, well his original observations, is consiregulated system of publick freedom, will derably below mediocrity. It abounds be forward to assert, that the laws for the with inelegancies, provincialisms, preservation of game do not require to be and even grammatical errours; faults very thoroughly revised. They certainly de. part more widely from the line of genuine,
which we should not have expected political justice, and expose the humble,
s in a writer of his profession. On the unqualified classes of the community more
whole, however, the work is certo the hazard of punishment, and the op- tainly calculated to form an acceptapression of power, than any rational ad. ble companion for the sportsman and vocate of moral equality can consistently
the country gentleman; and it is approve. They are greatly imperfect, in
rendered highly interesting, also, to asmuch as their penalties are infinitely too severe. That the punishment of death
general readers, by the numerous should, in any case, be inflicted on an act and well executed engravings with which in itself violates no rule of religion, which it is embellished. justice, or morality, is a reflection from
FROM THE LITERARY PANORAMA.
Instructive Tales. By Mrs. Trimmer. Collected from the Family Magazine. 8vo.
pp. 290. Price 48. London. 1810. A PLEASING collection of sto- paper; but, so far as our opportuniries, in which the prevailing practic ties of inspecting mankind have excal errours of the humbler class in tended, we have found a greater prolife are reprehended, and the par. portion than (as in these tales) one ties guilty of them are reformed. in twenty incorrigible. Mrs. TrimWe cannot but wish that reforma- mer's purpose may, however, be tion were as easy in fact as it is on best answered, in general, by de
* Sec Select Reviews, Vol. II. p 174.