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with them bad weather without any sity, which the perfection of European intermission; not more than four civilisation only can produce. The most men were able to keep the deck, distin

distinguished houses in the colony were

open to our companions; and during their and the ship was almost abandoned

whole stay there, they experienced that to her fate. On arriving before Port delicate and kind hospitality, which conJackson, the crew was reduced to fers equal lionour on him who practises it, so feeble a state, as to be utterly and on hiin who is the object of it. All the unable to work the ship into the resources of the colony were placed at the harbour, which being observed by

disposition of the French captain." [page

365] " In one word,” says M. Péron, "ine the governour, a small vessel was

conduct of the English government, with sent out to their assistance. Here regard to us, was so marked by magpilithey found the Investigator, and cence and generosity, that we should be learned that the Naturaliste, from wanting in every principle of honour and which they had parted on the eastern justice, were we not to record, in this coast of Van Dieman, had already work, the expression of our gratitude." called for refreshments at Port Jack

The same kind attention appears son, and sailed for Europe. Meet.

to have been paid to them by the ing, however, with a severe gale of

inhabitants. All, continues M. Péron, wind to the southward of Van Die.

seemed to feel the important truth, man's land, she found it expedient

“ la cause des sciences est la cause to return, and joinci Le Geographe des peuples.” a few days afterwards.

It gives us pain to observe, after The recovery of the sick, from the

reading these and similar passages, moment they found themselves on

that the gratitude of captain Hame. shore, is described as most rapid.

lin scarcely survived the period of its The contempt of the commandant

record by M. Péron. This officer is for all those precautions, indispen.

at present commodore of a squadron sable to the health of men on long

of frigates in the East Indies. Last voyages; his disregard of the point

year they attacked and completely ed orders of government on this sub

destroyed the small and defenceless ject; the unnecessary privations im

settlement of Tappanooly, on the posed by him on the sick, and the

coast of Sumatra. Forgetful of that crew at large, repeatedly call forth

delicate and kind hospitality with the severe animadversions of M.

which he was received at Port JackPéron. How far his conduct was cle

son, captain Hamelin not only perserving of the unqualified reprehen

mitted, but assisted in the pillage of sion it herc meets with, we pretend

private property: he even stood by pot to determine; but we are of opi.

and saw the wardrobes of the ladics nion, that a little more delicacy plundered, and was base and mali. might have been observed towards

cious enough to order his people to the memory of an officer who fought

tear in pieces, in presence of the ownbravely for his country at Trafalgar,

ers, several articles of dress which where his ship, the Fougeux, went

were not worth carrying away. He down after the action, and capt. Bau

then compelled the whole of the cidin, with every soul on board, pe.

vilians to embark for thc Isle of rished.

France, leaving orders that every The favourablc reception which

house in the settlement should be the officers and naturalists of the

sct on firc. IVhen on ship-board, he two ships met from the governincnt

called the English ladies upon deck, of Port Jackson, far exceeded their

and with savage exultation, pointed

oud with oxpectations.

out to them the glorious blaze which ** The English received captain Hamc.

their houses exhibited. This is that lin (of the Naturaliste) from ilie first mo. very captain Hamelin, at whose disment, with that great and polite genero. position, even in the midst of war, u all the resources of the English were preparing for a coasting voyage to colony were placed!”

Bass's strait; other vessels, of a stronger We have been induced to notice

construction, manned by more adventu. this infamous conduct in an officer

rous sailors, and provided with arms,

were fitting out for the western coast of of the old school, as it tends to

America, stored with merchandise of vari. prove, among a thousand other in- ous kinds. These vessels wereintended to stances now before us, how totally establish, by force of arms, a contraband the national character of France is commerce with the inhabitants of Peru, altered and depraved by the military

extremely advantageous to both parties.

Here an enterprise was preparing for the despotism which has sprung out of

N. W. coast of America, to carry on a luthe revolution. Her age of chivalry crative commerce in furs; there they were is, indeed, gone-we fear for ever; hastening an expedition of armed vessels and its place is supplied by a sys- for the Navigator, Friendly, and Society tematick ferociousness, a rancorous Islands, to import cargoes of salt proviwarfare wholly destitute of that ur sions.”—P. 375. banity of manners, that generosity

The account of the convicts is

The accoun of sentiment, which once served to soften the rigours of contention,

equally favourable, but we fear and stripped it of half its terrours.

equally exaggerated. Robbers and The leading principle in the modern

highwaymen are here converted in. school of military France, is to re

to good husbands and indulgent

fathers, and the most abandoned nounce humanity altogether; to mor

thieves and prostitutes into intellitify, to insult, and trample in the

gent and industrious mothers. At dust a vanquished foc, not so much

Paramatta several of the officers and for the gratification of personal hatred, as for the unworthy purpose of

the corps des savans took up their ministring to the dark and stormy

abode in the house of one Larra, a passions of the most malignant and

French Jew, who, from a convicted revengeful of tyrants.

felon, was now become a freeman A very detailed, and, we doubt

and a citizen, and married to a once

abandoned, now reformed Jewess. not, very accurate, view is given of the town of Sydr.ey, accompanied

Both of them being inclined to inwith a neat plan, and followed by an

dustrious habits, they soon raised a animated description of the magni

small capital; they cultivated land; ficent harbour of Port Jackson. We

je they entered into commercial specu

lations; and, in short, M. Larra was suspect, however, that the account of the bustling trade, and flourish.

now considered as one of the richest ing state of the colony, is a little

and most respectable inhabitants of

the colony. Three French convicts exaggerated.

served him as domesticks, all sensible “ A group of objects, not less interest. of their former misconduct, and fuling, forced themselves on our attention. ly determined to lead, in future, virIn the harbour were re-assembled a mul- tuous and honest lives. Far different titude of vessels, recently arrived from however, were the feelings of anoer part of them destined for new and ha


at ther Frenchman, of the name of Mozardous voyages. These, fitted out on the

rand, a jeweller and clock-maker in banks of the Thames and the Shannon, the town of Sydney, who had been were proceeding to the whale fishery on transported for forging bank notes, the wintry coast of New Zealand; those or, as he pleased to state it: intended for China, after landing their car- « d'avoir voulu s'associer à la banque goes for the use of the colony, were pre- d'Angleterre sans mise de fonds." paring to sail towards the mouth of the Yellow river. Some laden with coal were

ve The levity with which this wretch about to proceed to the Cape of Good related his own villanies, and the Hope and to India. Several smaller craft delight he seemed to experience at

it co

the recollection of the perpetration we had nothing left to occupy our thoughts of crimes disgraceful to human na

but the best means of escaping the galture, are certainly peculiar to

lows; and that it would be better to act

like men of honour, than to expire under Frenchmen of the very worst de

the hands of the hangman -The Irishman scription. We shall give his history

was moved, but not quite resolved. I then in his own words:

observed, that if his own infamy did not

affect him, he ought to spare his children “ The war," said Morand, “ had just the calamity of hearing themselves stig broken out between Great Britain and matized; and that if he could not leave France; the forces of the two nations were them a fortune, he might, at least, by a already engaged; when it occurred to me generous self-devotion, snatch them from that our rival might be more easily de- shame and disgrace. stroyed by financial operations than by “ These last reflections kindled in the force of arms. I resolved therefore en bon breast of the Irishman a spark of noble patriote, to undertake his destruction, and courage. We procured some corrosive to effect it in the rery heart of London- sublimate. I pretended to swallow part of Had I succeeded (he exclaimed with ea- it-he actually swallowed it, and died. gerness) France would have erected altars Thus disembarrassed, I avoided the galto my name!-Scarcely had I set foot in low's, which was ready for us both. I esca. England, when I commenced my opera ped it, however, to be transported into this tions, which succeeded beyond my utmost colony, where I am condemned to pass the hopes. Assisted by an Irishman, not less rest of my days. The time of my slavery is expert than myself, I soon succeeded in expired. I carry on to advantage my for counterfeiting bank of England notes to mer occupations of a jeweller and clock. such a degree of perfection, that it became maker. The two wretches who work for very difficult even for ourselves to distin. me, and who would hang themselves for guish those issued from our press, from the sake of a watch, enable me to triple those that were real. The moment of my my profits. In a few years I shall be one of triumph arrived; all my dispositions were the richest proprietors in the settlement, made for deluging England with the pro. and I should already be one of the happiduct of our manufactory. Nothing was est, were I not unceasingly tormented at wanting but some little information con- the regret of having failed so miserably in cerning the mode of marking the numbers, an honourable project, and in seeing mywhen my partner, whom I had hitherto re- self looked upon as a vile miscreant, even garded as a gentleman, was induced to by you, my countrymen, who are not able rob our depôt, and carry off some of the to comprehend the noble principles of my notes which wanted a few trilling though conduct." p. 411. indispensable formalities. He was imme diately taken up: and as he had not scru.

Want of room will not permit us pled to commit a breach of honour, he did to follow M. Péron through his va. not hesitate, under his present situation, rious observations on many impor. to conduct himself like a poltroon-he tant subjects relating to our settlediscovered the whole secret. I was arrest ments in New South Wales, nor to ed, and Great Britain was saved from the

refute his speculations respecting destruction prepared for her. “ However evident the proofs of our

the intentions of the British governa project might be made to appear, I did

ment in this quarter of the globe. not, on that account, despair (thanks to the His descriptions are animated, but, nature of the criminal laws of England!) as we before observed, generally to escape being hanged. But the pusillani- exaggerated. There are two submity and terrour of my companion were jects, however, with which he consuch as to leave no doubt of our common ruin, if I should be reduced to the necesa

cludes this first volume of his work, sity of being confronted at the bar with and which, being new, we feel ourbim. In order, therefore, to ward off my own selves called upon to notice. The fate, which could not retard his, I was re- first is an account of some experisolved to make him the instrument of his ments made by him with a new own destruction. Besides, as he was the canse of all our disasters, it was perfectly

instrument, invented by Regnier, just that he should suffer for it. In a pathe

which he calls a dynamometer, for tick harangue, therefore, I endeavoured to the purpose of ascertaining the comprove to him thatour death being inevitable, parative strength which individuals are capable of exerting. If it be shall we think," continues he, of meant, by such an instrument, to those eloquent declamations against measure the quantity of strength the perfection of social order, deduthat one man can exert, by pulling, ced from the extraordinary physical more than another, we presume it powers of the man of nature !" will not answer the purpose for And he concludes by congratulating which it was invented. The idea himself on being the first to oppose, seems to have been thrown out by by direct experiment, an opinion too M. Coulomb, in a memoir presented commonly admitted, that the physiral to the institute, which had for its degeneracy of man proceeds from the object the ascertaining “the quantiperfection of civilisation. ty of daily action which men are The second subject is a memoir able to furnish by individual labour, on a new genus of Molusca, which according to the different mode in is named Pyrosoma, and which is which they employ their strength.” the only animal in the book that is This problem M. Péron has by no scientifically described. means solved. A great many circumstances, besides those of cli. “ PYROSOMA. Corpus gelatinosum rigimate, food, and stature, must be ta

diusculum, liberum, tuberculis asperatum, ken into consideration. There is,

is subconicum, extremitate ampliore apertum,

vacuum aperturæ margine intus tuberculis moreover, a knack acquired by long cincte habit in calling forth muscular pow. “ Pyrasoma Atlanticum. Equatorirat. er to its utmost exertion, which of- lanticum, gregarié-pelage-vagum, vrvidis. ten enables a weak man to supply simé phosphorescens, coloribus eximiis tunc a greater quantity of labour than a effulgens; 10, 12, 14, 16 [3 1-2 to 6 inches stronger man is capable of. A Chi. centimetros æquans.nese porter, for instance, who feeds The discovery of this new genus on rice, the least nutritive, probably, is introduced in a manner sufficient. of all grain, will carry a greater loadly interesting to induce us to close than an English sailor, who lives on the present article with it. good beef, biscuit, and rum; but the same sailor wiil haul a rope, or drag “On the evening of the 14th of Decema weight, with double the force of a ber, we experienced a violent tropical Chinese porter, We cannot follow squall. The horizon was loaded with hea. him through forty pages of disserta

vy clouds, and the darkness was intense.

The wind blew furiously, and the run of tion on this subject, but must con

the ship was most rapidl. We discovered, tent ourselves with giving his con- at a litile distance ahead, a broad belt of clusions from five series of ex- phosphorick light spread upon the waves. periments, though we attach little This appearance had something in it roimportance to them. Having found mantick and imposing, and a general attenthe inhabitants of Van Dieman's

tion was fixed on it. We presently reached

it, and tound that the brilliancy was caused Land capable of a manual force by an innumerable quantity of animals equal to

50,6 which, lifted by the waves, floated at difThosc of New Holland 51,8 ferent depths, appearing under a variety of Those of Timor

58,7 shapes. The pieces that were more deeply Frenchmen


immersecl, presented the idea of masses of Englishmen


burning matter, or of enormous redhot

balls, whilst those on the surface perfectly be deduces the following general

resembled large cylinders of iron, heated result:

to whiteness." p. 488. « That the development of physical strength is not always in a di. These were collective bodies of the rect ratio to the want of civilisation, Pyrosonia above described. nor a necessary consequence of the The atlas is of quarto size. It consvage state.” (p. 458.] “ What then tains not a single chart, nor any sketch or plan of a coast, island, bay, Dieman's Land, New Holland, and or harbour, though frequent referen- Timor, and the coloured engravings ces are made to such in the margin of animals, especially those which of the printed volume. It has, how. belong to the class of Moluscas and ever, five or six plates, consisting of Zoophytes, are creditable to the views of land, which can be of no talents of the artist; some of them, use either to science or navigation, indeed, are executed in a manner and which look like so many strips peculiarly neat, and beautifully cor of coloured riband. The portraits loured. and landscapes, relating to Van


Rural Sports. By the Rev. William B. Daniel. 3 Vols. 8vo. pp. 1627. 51. 58. Boards.

SOME of our literary friends on to much better purpose, than in re. the north of the Tweed will doubt. commending and promoting an aless indulge a sarcastick smile at musement so incompatible with his seeing a work on rural sports from sacred function. Though we readily the pen of an English clergyman. In admit, that those creatures, which Scotland, we believe, hunting is are the object of this sport, must be scarcely ever practised by the cler. slaughtered for our subsistence, and gy, and even shooting is by no means that foxes and other beasts of prey a common amusement among gen- must be destroyed, for the havock tlemen of that profession. In En- which they commit among our do. gland, the case is very different. mestick animals; yet we would so Here, hunting parsons, shooting far extend the hand of mercy, even parsons, and even boxing parsons, to our enemies, as to put them to are by no means rare; and where the death by the speediest and least practice of those liberal and truly painful means. In fact, however, the Christian recreations is so general, destruction of these animals is altowe must not be surprised that some gether a secondary object with hunone of their reverend professors ters, and the preservation of foxes should occasionally take pen in hand, is promoted by every possible means. and communicate instructions on Witness the following extract of a such important topicks, both to his letter from a nobleman in London, clerical and his way brothers of the to his agent in the country, which field. We have now before us, a sys. we copy from the work before us: tem of hunting, fishing, and shooting, from one reverend gentleman; " I must desire that all those tenants and, perhaps, at some future period, who have shown themselves friends to the we may be favoured, from the same

several fox hunts in your neighbouring

counties, may have the offer and refusal quarter, with a complete treatise on

of their farms, upon easy and moderate the pugilis:ick art.

terms; and, on the other hand, that you We cannot say that we are fond of will take care and make very particular those sports, in which a harmless inquiry into the conduct of those tenants animal is put to unnecessary pain, who shall bave shown a contrary disposi. for the sake of affording recreation

tion, by destroying foxes, or encouraging

others so to do, or otherwise interrupting to the country gentleman; and we do

gentlemen's diversion, and will transmit think, that a Christian divine might me their names, and places of abode, as it have employed his time and labour is my absolute determination, that such

Vel. v,

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