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the room, and he was seen to pocket nishment in Europe, because they it. These facts are not mentioned in are now looked upon as regular the work before us; but they are parts of his political system. Even related upon the most unquestion- in this country, there are men, who, able authority:

when they are reminded of his guilt, Evora was sacked on the 30th of think it a sufficient reply, to tell us July. Two days afterwards sir Arthur of his greatness; and would have us Wellesley landed, and the subse- fall down and worship the golden quent events are sufficiently noto. image, at the very time when the rious. The iniquity of Buonaparte's Spaniards are walking through the conduct towards Portugal has been burning, fiery furnace. These men put out of sight by his blacker serve the tyrant whom they flatter, wickedness towards Spain. Con- and are more truly and efficiently science, says a state-villain in one his agents, than the miserable of Ben Jonson's plays:

wretches in his pay. They are never “ Conscience,

weary of exaggerating the wisdom Poor plodding priests and preaching friars

and the power of Buonaparte. Ace may make

cording to them, it is still the EnTheir hollow pulpits and the empty aisles glish who disturb the quiet of the Of churches ring with that round word: continent. He is the regenerator and but we

benefactor of Spain and Portugal, That draw the subtile and more piercing who reforms their laws, purifies

air In that sublimed region of a court,

their religion, and puts an end to Know all is good we make so, and go on,

the abuses of their governments. Secured by the prosperity of our crimes." The Spanish chiefs « have only a

little hour to strut and fret," and we At present this might be the Cor. ought to congratulate ourselves upon sican's motto. Such has been the their fall. Callous and cowardly career of that imperial barbarian, sophists! it is thus, that while they that he obtains an amnesty for his belie the feelings, they labour to old crimes by perpetrating new deaden the courage, and sacrifice enes; and his perjuries and assas. the honour of England. sinations haye ceased to excite asto.


Voyage de Découvertes, aux Terres Australes, exécuté par ordre de sa Majesté

L'Empereur et Roi, sur les Corvettes Le Géographe, Le Naturaliste, et la Goëlette Le Casuarina, pendant les Années 1800, 1801, 1802, 183, et 1804, publié par Décret Impérial, et Rédigé, par M. F. Péron, Naturaliste, &c. &c. 4to. Tome premier avec Atlas. A Paris. 1807.

A FEW months after the retire. raliste, which the French govern. ment of Mr. Pitt, and the succession ment had appointed for a voyage of of Mr. Addington, that is, in June, discovery round the world, « pour 1800, M. Otto, the resident commis- mettre le capitaine Baudin á l'abri sary for French prisoners of war, ad- de toute attaque hostile, et lui prodressed an application to the Jords curer une reception favorable dans of the admiralty, to obtain the neces- les établissemens Britanniques ou il sary passports, for two armed ves- pourra être obligé de relâcher mosels, Le Géographe and he Natro mentanément." In consequence of this application, the good natured nent concealed by those islandsyminister, without farther inquiry where a strait was supposed to exist, into the tonour of captain Baudin's by which a communication was instructions, or the particular object opened with the great gulph of Carof his mission, obtained his majesty's pentaria. This being accomplished, commands, that the French vessels they were to direct their course to

should be permitted to put into cape Leuwen; examine the unknown any of his majesty's ports, in case of parts of the coast, to the northward; stress of weather, or to procure as- visit the coasts of the land of Edels sistance, if necessary, to enable them and Endracht; make a particular to prosecute their voyage,”

survey of the island of Rottenest and . The perusal of M. Péron's book, Shark's bay; terminating their first has convinced us that M. Otto's campaign at the N. W. cape of New application was grounded on false Holland. pretences, and that the passport was From Timor, or Amboyna (at fraudulently obtained; that there one of which places they were to never was any intention to send winter) they were directed to prothese vessels on a voyage of disco- ceed through Endeavour Strait, to very round the world, as stated by the eastern point of the great gulph M. Otto, but that the sole object of of Carpentaria; to examine the whole it was, to ascertain the real state of circuit of its coast, to the land of New Holland; to discover what our Arnheim, terminating the second colonists were doing, and what was campaign at the same northwest left for the French to do, on this cape at which their first was comgreat continent, in the event of a pleted. From hence they were to peace; to find some port in the neigh- cross the Indian ocean to the Isle of bourhood of our settlements, which France, and make the best of their should be to them what Pondicherry way to Europe. was to Hindoostan; to rear the stand. So much for the voyage of discoard of Buonaparte, then first consul, very round the world, of which M. on the first convenient spot; and, Peron has been employed to write finally, that the only circumnaviga- the history. The perusal of his book tion intended in this voyage d'espio has certainly afforded us consider. nage, was that of Australia.

able pleasure, although, in the If any doubt could be entertained, course of our examination of it, we that such was the sole intention of shall feel ourselves called upon to the French government, the heads reprobate, in the strongest manner, of captain Baucin's instructions, as the mean and illiberal conduct inte stated by M. Péron, and, indeed, the which he must have been betrayed, whole proceedings of the voyage, by superiour influence. Of M. Péare amply sufficient to set this point ron, as a man of general science, at rest. By these instructions, they we are disposed to think highly; were directed to touch, in the first but, we repeat, that in the publicainstance, at the Isle of France; tion of the work before us, we do hence to proceed to the southern not, and cannot, consider him as a extremity of Van Dieman's land; free agent. It is brought forward, in visit Dentrecasteaux's channel; exa- the first place, under the immediate mine the eastern coast; enter the sanction of Buonaparte, in conse. strait of Bass, through that of Banks; quence of a report of the imperia complete the discovery of Hunter's institute, which states: islands; examine the southwest coast of New Holland; penetrate behind

“ That more than one hundred thou

" sand specimens of animals, great and the islands of St. Peter and St. Franc

an. small, compose the zoological collection, cis; and visit that part of the conti- and that the number of new species, as. cording to the report of the professors of that part only of his memoir on the seal the museum, amounts to above two thou. fishery, how far his researches on this sand five hundred. When it is recollected,” subject are of importance, and with what continues the reporter, “ that the second sagacity the author of it has been able to voyage of Cook, the most brilliant, in this develop them. His labours, in this respect, respect, which has ever been made to this appear worthy, in every point of view, of day, did not furnish more than two hun. the attention of the philosopher and the dred and fifty new species, and that the statesman. Never, perhaps, did a subject combined voyages of Carteret, Wallis, of greater interest or curiosity offer itself Furneaux, Meares, and Vancouver, have to their contemplation. Never, perhaps, not, altogether, produced so great a num- was a more striking example afforded of ber; when it is observed, that the case is the omnipotence of laws and institutions the same with regard to all the French on the character of individuals and naexpeditions, it will follow, that MM. Pé. tions. To transform the most formidable ron and Lesueur alone, have discovered robbers, and the most abandoned thieves more new animals, than all the natural of England, into honest and peaceable historians who have travelled in these citizens, and into industrious planters; to latter times."

operate the same revolution among the As a reward for this great exer.

vilest prostitutes; to compel them, by in

fallible means, to become virtuous wives, tion, the institute accordingly re and exemplary mothers; to bring under solves:

subordination and control a nascent po

pulation; to preserve it, by assiduous care, 1. “ That the class should testify, in an from the contagious example of its paauthentick manner, how much it is satis rents; and thus to lay the groundwork of fied with the zeal shown by M. Péron, to a race more virtuous, than that which at fulfil the functions with which he was present exists; such is the affecting picture charged.

that the new English colonies present. 2. “That it should declare to govern. But the statesman, in the very constitution ment that he is deserving of those rewards of this new empire, and in the detail of its usually granted to naturalists who travel; organization, too surely discovers the real and that the works preparing by him must views of the founder, and the formidable contribute to the progress of natural sci. germ of those revolutions, which must, of

necessity, be produced.” Page 12.


The reward, we are told in a This « Voyage Historique" comnote, was an order of Buonaparte mences with observing, that the era for his works to be published at the forts which England has made in expense of government.

scientifick discoveries have been peBefore we proceed to the exami- culiarly distinguished in these latter nation of M. Péron's book, we shall times; and that, in this glorious extract one part of the report of the struggle among nations for promoinstitute, which, from the importance ting science, France alone has been it attaches to the nascent colony in able to dispute, with advantage, her New South Wales, tends to corro. superiority and her triumphs: that, borate what we have stated in regard notwithstanding this, the numbers to the real object of the voyage. of enlightened Englishmen, placed

he on the immense theatre of a fifth “ In the midst of the regions which he Has traversed, M. Péron has every where part of me g!!

re part of the globe, might, perhaps, encountered the rivals of his country; in decide the opinion of Europe in faevery place they have formned establishi. vour of their country; that the namnents which excite the greatest interest, tional honour of France, therefore, of which we have hitherto, in Europe, re- called for an expedition of discovery ceived but imperfect and invariably false

to the South Seas, and that the in

i infortnation. M. Péron has applied himself particularly to comprehend, in detail, this statu

stitute felt it a duty to propose the vastsystem of colonization in Australia, measure to government. which is exhibited at the same time on a great continent, and over an immense “ The war, at this period, appeared to ocean. You will be enabled to obserye, by have redoubled its fury; the politicat esistence of France was menaced; its ter would, in fact, be a useless conritory was invaded; but Buonaparte was quest. As a colony of England, we bow first consul. He received, with eager. should purchase its wines at twice ness, the proposition of the institute,

their present rate. The Cape of which, for many years before, had to boast of his name in the list of its members Good Hope, also, according to M. And, at the very time when the army of Péron, was taken possession of solely Reserve was put in motion to cross the for its supply of wines. Now, it unAlps, he issued his orders to hasten the fortunately happens, that, excepting execution of this grand enterprise. In an a little Constantia for the ladies, not instant, three and twenty persons, nomi. Auted by him, on the presentation of the

a single pipe of Cape wine is coninstitute, were destined for making scien. sumed in this capital in the course whick researches. Never was a display so of a year; and the reason is obvi. considerable, given to this department, of ous: it is worse than the worst wines a voyage of discovery; never were means of Teneriffe, and dearer than the so amply prepared or securing success! best. But M. Peron is not a political Astronomers, geographers, mineralogists, botanists, zoologists, draftsmen, garden.

economist; he is, it seems, merely ers, all presented themselves in double, 6 a savant." triple, and even quintuple numbers." The passage to the Isle of France Page 4.

afforded the opportunity of making

a number of observations on the Fortunate, however, as it turned temperature, moisture, and weight out, was it for those who were re- of the air; on the winds, &c. which jected. Of the twenty-three persons, are detailed at considerable length, selected for conducting the scienti. and from which is deduced this ge. fick department, three only returned neral result: to their country.

The two ships appointed for this “ That all the grand phenomena of na. expedition left Havre on the 19th ture undergo the most important modifi. October, 1800, and anchored, on the

cations, in proportion as one approaches

the equator; that the pressure of the air, ad November, in the Bay of Santa and the intensity of the magnetick quality Cruz, in Tencriffe. We shall not at- are diminished; the barometer descends; tempt to follow M. Péron through the thermometer rises; the hygrometer his long dissertations on the Canary stands at the point of saturation; the islands, nor dispute with him re

winds become weaker, and more constant;

the movement of every kind of instru. specting the gallant conduct of his

ment is more regular, and the variations countryinen, on the appearance of less." Jord Nelson before Santa Cruz. We shall barely observe, that he must: Vluch of this is altogether vague be mistaken in supposing that the and inconclusive. That the elasticity English had any view of making a of the air is diminished at and near conquest of the Canaries, for the the equator; that the mercury in the purpose of “ freeing themselves barometer stands generally at a lowfrom the heary tribute which they er, and in the thermometer at a pay annually to France, Spain, and higher point than in other parts of Portugal, for the wines and brandies the ocean; that the atmosphere is of those three powers." We are more loaded with moisture, are, inconfident that no such considera- deed, facts so well ascertained, as tien entered the brain of him who not to admit of a doubt; but, so far conceived this illfated and hopeless from the winds being more faint expedition, and could almost wish and steady, there is not, perhaps, a that the motive for sending lord Nel- spot on the ocean so subject to vioson on such a service had really lent squalls and variable weather, as been as harmless as that which he that belt on the Atlantick which is has stated. The island of Teneriffe comprehended between the limits of


the northeast trade wind on one side, Murat, and to the group of islando and the southeast on the other. which lie before it, that of Rivoli:

Few countries, we are persuaded, notwithstanding that both of them can be more delightful than the Isle had been long laid down, in our best of France. Though sometimes visit. charts, under the names of N. W. ed by tremendous hurricanes, the Cape and Rosemary islands. In the climate is, in general, friendly both same manner new names are bestowto the animal and vegetable part of ed on headlands and islands along the creation. The catalogue of trees, this coast, named more than a censhrubs, fruits, &c. which M. Péron tury ago. The examination of Leucontemplated growing on one spot, wen's Land occupied them from the includes the most remarkable in the 25th April to the 19th June, and of tropical regions of the globe. We Endracht's Land from the latter pesuspect, however, that some of them riod to the 12th July; and to this dehave been set down by him at ran- lay, and to the deviation of captain dom. The Mangustan, for instance, Baudin from his instructions, toge, erroneously said to be 6 originaire ther with the short allowance of bad de la Chine," has never yet been provisions, M. Péron attributes all met with beyond the 12th degree of their succeeding misfortunes. latitude, and is supposed to be con- The whole of the western coast of fined to the peninsula of Malacca, New Holland is described as a low, Sumatra, Java, and the neighbouring barren, dreary, and sandy shore, islands; indeed, we are perfectly affording little interesting either in certain, from its delicate habits, that the animal, mineral, or vegetable it could not exist on the Isle of creation. The few natives who were

scen, are described as horribly ugly On the 25th April, 1801, the two and repulsive; a set of human beings ships quitted the island, and, steer- thrust to the extreme verge of stuing a course for New Holland, made pidity and misery, and whose only Cape Leuwen, the southwest point covering consisted of a bit of kangaof that great continent, on the 27th roo skin thrown carelessly over the May. At the moment of their de- shoulders; every other part of the parture, the whole of the two ships' body being entirely naked. companies were put on short allow. Having reached the N. W. cape ance, being reduced to half a pound of New Holland, captain Baudin deof fresh bread to each man par . termined to examine the coast which cade; and, instead of wine, to a ra. trends to the N. E. and which was tion of three sixteenths of a bottle discovered in 1616 by a Dutch naof execrable rum, distilled at the vigator of the name of De Witte Isle of France. “ Triste prelude," after whom it is called. It was again says M. Péron, “et principale source visited by Dampier in 1699, and by des malheurs qui devoient nous ac- three Dutch vessels in 1705; and cabler dans la suite !"

chicfly from the observations of the From Cape Leuwen, M. Baudin, last mentioned visiters, it has been the commandant, thought proper to laid down, perhaps not very accu. deviate from his instructions, and, rately, in the ordinary charts of this instead of proceeding to the south- country. The French, however, have ern extremity of Van Dieman's thought fin, as usual, to assign new Land, to skirt the western coast of names to every group of islands, New Holland, from the land of Lcu. and to every promontory of this wen to that of Endracht. To the northern coast of New Holland.-northernmost point of the latter, Thus we have the bay of Berthoud, which is, in fact, the N. W. cape of the Archipelago of Champagny, the New Holland, he gave the name of Archipelago of Forrestier, and the

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