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employments. Some of the wood is rough about twelve feet from the ground, and a squared on the spot, but this part of the stage is erected for the axe-man employed labour is generally suspended until the in levelling it. This to an observer would logs are rafted to the different rivers' appear a labour of much danger; but an mouths. These rafts often consist of more accident rarely happens to the person than two hundred logs, and are floated as engaged in it. The body of the tree, from many hundred miles. When the floods are the dimensions of the wood it furnishes, is unusually rapid, it very frequently happens deemed the most valuable; but for pur. that the labour of a season, or perhaps of poses of ornamental kind, the branches or many, is at once destroyed by the break limbs are generally preferred, the grain of ing asunder of a raft, and the whole of these being much closer, and the veins the mahogany being hurried precipitately more rich and variegated. to the sea.

“The mahogany tree is seldom found “ The gangs of negroes employed in in clusters or groups, but single and often this work consist of from ten to fifty each; much dispersed; what, therefore, is denofew exceed the latter number. The large minated a inahogany work, comprehends bodies are commonly divided into several an extent of several miles. The growth of small ones, a plan which it is supposed this tree is considered rapid, but that of greatly facilitates labour.

the logwood much more so, which, it is " Each gang of slaves has one belonging said, attains maturity in five years.. to it, who is styled the huntsman. He is “The log's of mahogany are generally generally selected from the most intelli- brought out by cattle and trucks to the gent of his fellows, and his chief occupa water side, or to the Barquadier, as it has tion is to search the woods, or as in this becn termed in this country, which has country it is termed, the bush, to find la. been previously prepared by the foreman bour for the whole. A negro of this de- of the work for their reception. When the scription is often valued at more than five distance is great, this is a labour of infihundred pounds.

nite and tedious difficulty. As soon as a “ About the beginning of August, the sufficient number to form a raft is collectkuntsman is ciespatched on his errand, and ed, and the waters have gained the necesif bis owner be working on his own ground, sary height, they are singly thrown from this is seldom an employment of much the banks, and require no other aid or delay or difficulty. He cuts his way through guidance than the force of the current to the thickest of the woods to the highest foat them to the booms, which are large spots, and climbs the tallest tree he finds, cables placed across the rivers at the ditfrom which he minutely surveys the sur. ferent eddies or fails. Here they are once rounding country. At this season, the more collected, each party claiming his leaves of the mahogany tree are invariably own from the general inass, and formed of a yellow reddish lue, and an eye accus. into separate rafts for their final destinatomed to this kind of exercise, can disco. tion. Sometimes more than a thousand ver, at a great distance, the places where logs together are supported by the booms, the wood is most abundant. He now de and the catastrophe attendant on their scends, and to these his steps are directed; breaking asunder, which, during extraorand without compass or other guide than dinary foods, often happens, has previ. what observation has imprinted on his re. ously been noticed. collection, he never fails to reach the exact “The mahogany, when disposed of at point to which he aims.

Honduras, produces from sixteen to thirty " It not unfrequently happens, when the pounds, Jamaica currency, per thousand huntsman has been particularly successful feet.” in finding a large body of wood, that it becomes a contest with his conscience A single tree has been found to whether he shall disclose the matter to his

contain 12,000 feet superficial; vamaster, or sell it to his neighbour. A libe. ral equivalent for this breach of fidelity

lued at 1,0001. But these advantages being always punctually discharged.

are counterpoised by heavy drawThose, however, who afford encourage.

backs; such as, the keep of slaves, ment to such practices, by such impolitick the price of every article of clothtemptation, are perhaps not more mindful ing and provision, all of which are of the old adage than of their interest, as imported (for the colony raises it cannot but indirectly sanction their own

none) to which may be added, the slaves to take equal advantage, whenever the opportunity presents itself.

dispersed state of society; for except “ The mahogany tree is commonly cut at Christmas, the settlers have but few enjoyments arising from reci. ment of this dependence is expressed by procal intercourse.

the annual payment of a certain number of We suspect some errour in the

cattle. But neither the Poyers or the

Towkcas possess any thing like the civilirapid growth attributed to the ma

sation of the Mosquito people. Hence unhogany tree; from the general grain

questionably the cause and continuance of the superiour kinds of this wood, of their vassalage.” we should have thought it of slow growth, rather than rapid.

Our author seems to think these From capt. H.'s visit to the Mossavages tolerably happy. Their counquito Indians, we learn that

try is pleasant and fertile Never

theless, we find among them murder - This nation cannot number at the ut. and treason; for “ the late king most more than 1500 or 2000 men capable George was murdered, and his death of using arms. Immediately contiguous to attributed very openly to his brother it are two other tribes, called the Poyers and the Towkcas. These people are more

e Stephen;" we find discontent and numerous, and considered much more envy; and the messengers who carry enterprising and brave, although they are the king's commands, carry also his tributary to the former, and have been so cane. from time immemorial. The acknowledg.

FROM THE BRITISA CRITICK. The Minstrel; or, the Progress of Genius. In continuation of the Poem left unfinished

by Dr. Beattie. Book the Third. 4to, pp. 51. 6s. 1808. WE seize on this specimen, which, chancc has restored to our observa

“ 'Twas on a night most suited to his soul,

** Silent and dark, save when the moon ap. tion, lest it should again be over

peared looked and forgotten. Arduous as the Thro’ shadowy clouds at intervals to roll, task is, of continuing an approved And half the scene with partial lustre poem, this author is by no means cleared; unsuccessful in it; and the modest Save that the stillness of the air was manner in which he presents it to

cheered

By waters pouring from the heights above; the publick, renders his work the Save that by fits the ocean's voice was more interesting. “ Notwithstanding heard, the encouragement given him by his With sudden gusts of wind that stirred friends, he is," he declares, “ very the grove, diffident of success with the pub. And rose and fell again, like tender sighs lick. He therefore offers his poem

of love. in its present unfinished state, not «Soothed by the scene, he traced the as a pledge for its completion, but

straggling course that he may find, in the manner of Of a small stream, which from the distant its reception, a touchstone by which steep to ascertain its real merit." Though Of hills descending, poured its rocky force, unknown to the author, we would With many an eddying whirl and foamy willingly stand among the friends Through a dark, narrow valley, to the deep. who encourage him to proceed. He shunned was the dell by every earthly writes with purity and elegance, and wight, we see no deficiency of poetick ta. Where ghosts and wicked elves were said lent of any kind, which should pre- to keep; vent his concluding the tale with success. The following passage will

sprite

Oft loved to linger there, and there the probably induce many of our readers

muse invite." co judge as we do.

hor, we would

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p. 24.

SPIRIT OF THE MAGAZINES.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE UNIVERSAL MAGAZINE.

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MERCHANT OF VENICE.

ANNOTATIONS ON SHAKSPEARE. SIR,

BEING about to publish an over several verses without meeting edition of Shakspeare, I shall feel any thing to change in them. An edi. happy by your circulating the follow. tor who does not find, must make ing specimen. The work is nearly faults. ready for the press, and waits but for the last hand being applied to a " And you embrace the occasion to de. prefatory essay, proving that Reynolds approaches as near to Plautus, And you'd embrace the ocean to depart. as Dimond does to Shakspeare, and This I alter at my peril. that Sheffington would write better plays if he had any knowledge of the “ We'll make our leisures to attend on drama.

your's.” I really see no mighty impropri

ety in this; the bard means: We'll Act 1st.

make our leisures to attend on your “ Your mind is tossing on the ocean.”

leisures !!!" . The folly of editors in overlooking this nonsense would be truly won

“ My wind cooling my broth, derful, if any human folly were won

Would blow me to an ague." derful.

This is stark-staring fatuity. An

tonio is thinking of his vessels, and Your mind is crossing of the ocean.

Salarino therefore takes this mode “Do overpeer the petty traffickers."

of arousing him from his lethargy.

It should be thus: The whole sentence evinces that our author meaned to describe the

My wind, cooling my broth, pride of the Argosies. I therefore,

Would blow me to the Hague, without hesitation, prefer

where, it may be supposed, the ves

sels were riding at anchor. ; Do overbear the petty traffickers.

But at dinner time “ My ventures are not in one bottom I pray you have a mind where we must trusted.”

meet." My ventures are not in one bottom A simple alteration illuminates thrusted.

the profound darkness of these lines. I have no other reason for alter

But at dinner time ing this, than that I have passed I pray you bave a hind that we must eat. “ I hold the world, but as a world, Bas. might be derived from internal evisanio;

dence. The above line, for instance, A stage, where every one must play his evinces i

evinces the Merchant of Venice to part, And mine's a sad one."

have been the first almost of his

productions, written whilst he was If I were not excessively delicate

very poor. in changing a letter of such a wri. ter as Shakspeare, I would slightly " Yet, to supply the ripe wants of my alter this into

friend, I told the world' it was a world, Bassanio;

I'll break a custom.” A stage which every one must ride in fast; Anthonio means to say, that to And mind Abaddon.

save his friend from starvation, he That is, take care of the devil, will, contrary to custom, borrow Bassanio: ride fast, and take care of money at “ usance," or, according the devil.

to the more modern term, “ usury.”

We must now, therefore, place our. “ Do cream, and mantle like a standing selves in the situation of Shakspeare, pool."

and imagine how he would express This is a contradiction. I would “hunger;", not surely by “ ripe write,

wants,” but certainly thus: Do cream and mantle like a stagnant pool. tet, u

1 Yet, to supply the tripe wants of my

friend, I own that the Iricism would still I'll break a custom. remain, but an alteration is effected

Tripe wants signify the yearning at all events, and every alteration is of the bowels, and is, I believe, a a step to improvement, unless, in Scotch phrase. deed, one changes for the worse.

“ That all the yeanlings which were “ Farewell, I'll grow a talker for this streaked and pied,

Should fall at Jacob's hire." Farewell, I'll grow a talker for this year. I could make little sense of this,

An errour of typography. The old till, by chance, meeting with a work editions have it, I believe, correct; of Bracton's (the lawyer I read: but I have not time to look into “ It was the custom of this country them. It is not the business of an formerly, when a farmer did lose a editor to be muddling his brains over young sheep, a cow, or a pig, or old and obsolete books; nor would I did become stricken in years, or did do it if it were; my mind is too no

die, for the lord to allow unto him ble.

two shillings and six-pence, for and

because of a dead gift or mortuary." " 'Tis not unknown to you, Anthonio, From ali which I infer that ShakHow inuch I bave disabled my estates." speare wrote, 'Tis not unknown to you, Anthonio, That all the younglings which were How much I have bedevil'd my estates.

stricked and died,

Should fall, &c. I alter this for the same reason that the Englishman drank gin; be. “You that did void your rheum upon my cause I like it.

beard."

I cannot avoid the relation of a “How to get clear of all the debts I owe.”

story here, which will make the I am convinced, with my lord reader smile. An old gentleman, Kames, that the best chronology of mounting Hampstead Hill, tarried the order of Shakspeare's plays at the Load of Hay, and exclaimed:

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* This terrible wind brings the is fond of this kind of writing: rheum into my eyes.“Then, why thus, in the Taming of the Shrew, don't you," said the witty landlord, “ the oats have eaten the horses;” bring your eyes into the room." and indeed it is an excellent device,

to give prose an air of blank verse. “ Hie thee, gentle Jew."

For example: “ Three men thrust

themselves into a hole" would be I would vary this, I confess, from

downright and obviously prose, almere caprice, but every one has his

most to the hero of Moliere, who whim as well as his taste.

had spoken in that style all his life Hie thee, Gentile-Jew, without knowing it. But the expresconveys to my ears a more pleasing sion becomes truely grand inverted melody; besides which, it expresses thus: the wavering opinion the Hebrew's Into a hole three men thrust themselves. apparently generous conduct had created

“But, tho'I am a daughter to his blood

I am not to his manners." "I tell thee, lady, this aspect of mine.”

How ridiculous ! Shakspeare had It is really wonderful, that both in his mind's eye the Salique law, Shakspeare and Milton accent the which debars women from the rights word aspect upon the last syllable. of inheritance. Jessica, therefore, « Father, come, I'll take my leave of

bitterly complains, in allusion to the Jew in the twinkling of an eye.”

this, I am sorry to say this is a very in Biit, tho' I am a daughter to his blood decent, though, it must be confess- I am not to his manors. ed, a ludicrous allusion to the bu. But what could editors, for the most rial service:

part educated at the plough's tạil, “ We shall not all sleep, but we shall be know of the Salique law? chanred in a moment-in the twinkling of an eye.”

“ Jessica, my girl,

There is some ill a brewing." “ Like one well-studied in a sad ostent To please his grandam."

Criticks are like dogs, not so much There are two kinds of sense (be. Sor Swift's reason that they snail sides the five) one is denominated most when there are fewest bones, common sense, the second nonsense.

but that where one is at fault, the Our commentators universally pre

whole pack inevitably follows. AH fer the latter, and therefore never the editors have passed this line over dream of explaining a passage by

unnoticed, and yet it is evidently orso slight a difference from the text roneous. I read as the following:

Jessica, my girl,

There is some ale a brewing. Like one well-studied in a St. Austin, There is some sense in this.

To please bis grandam. A St. Austin is a prayer-book. “ When you shall please to play the

thieves for wives,

I'll watchi as long for you then !--Come, Adieu ! tears exhibit my tongue.”

approach!" There has been violent contro I smell false punctuation here. versy about this passage, though it be simply an instance of transposi. I'll watch as long for you!Then, come, tion, or, as it is termed by the rhe

approach! joricians, “dislocation." Shakspeare This likewise amendeth the poesy,

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