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into execution, and if neutral nations should, contrary to all expectation, acquiesce in such usurpations, his Majesty might probably be compelled, however reluctantly, to retaliate in his just defence, and to issue orders to his cruisers to adopt towards neutrals any hostile system to which those neutrals shall have submitted from his enemies. The commissioners of the United States will therefore feel, that at a moment when his Majesty, and all the neutral nations are threatened with such an extension of the belligerent pretensions of his enemies, he cannot enter into the stipulations of the present treaty without an explanation from the United States of their intentions, or a reservation on the part of his Majesty in the case above-mentioned, if it should ever occur.— The undersigned, considering that the distance of the American government, renders any immediate explanation on the subject impossible, and animated by a desire of forwarding the beneficial work in which they are engaged, are authorised by his Majesty to conclude the treaty without delay.—They proceed to the signature under the full persuasion that before the treaty shall be returned from Annerica, with the ratification of the United States, the enemy will either have formally abandoned, or tacitly relinquished, his unjust pretensions, or that the government of the United States, by its conduct or assurances, will have given security to his Majesty, that it will not submit to such innovations in the established system of maritime law; and the undersigned have presented this note from an anxious wish, that it should be clearly understood on both sides, that without such abandonment of his pretensions, on the part of the enemy, or such assurances or such conduct on the part of the United States, his Majesty will not consider himself bound by the present signature of his commissioners to ratify the treaty, or precluded from adopting such measures as may seem necessary for counteracting the designs of his enemy whenever they shall occur, and be of such an extraordinary nature as to require extraordinary remedics —The undersigned cannot conclude, without expressing their satisfaction at the prospect of accomplishing an object so important to the interests and friendly connection of both nations, and their just sense of the conciliatory disposition manifested by the commissioners of the United States, during the whole course of the negediation. (Signed) Vassal Holland. AU cKLAND.
Russi A AND Turkey.—Treaty of Armistice between Russia and the Ottoman Porte; August 24, 1807. Art. 1. From the date of the signature of the treaty, all hostilities shall cease between the two belligerent powers. 2. As the Sublime Porte and Russia equally wish, with the most amicable intention, the establishment of peace and harmony, the high contracting parties will appoint, after the signature of the present drinistice, plenipotentiaries to negociate and conclude a peace as soon as possible, to meet in the most convenient situation for both. If in the course of the negociation for a definitive peace, difficulties should unfortunately arise, so as to obstruct a definitive arrangement, hostilities shall not re-commence before next spring, that is to say, before the 21st of March, 1808, new stile of the christian aera. 3. As soon as the present armistice is signed, the Russian troops shall begin to evacuate Wallachia and Moldavia, and all the provinces, fortresses, and other territory which they have occupied during the war; and to retire within their ancient frontiers, so that the said evacuation shall be completed in the space of thirty-five days from the date of the signature of the present armistice— The Russian troops shall leave, in the terri. tory and fortresses which they shall evacuate all the effects, cannon, and ammunition, which they found on taking possession of them. The Sublime Porte shall appoint commissaries to receive the aforesaid fortresses from Russian officers appointed for the aforesaid purpose. The Ottoman troops shall, in like manner, retire from Moldavia and Wallachia, and repass the Danube. They will only leave in the fortresses of Is: mail, Brailow, and Giurgion, garrisons sufficient to keep them. The Russian troops' shall correspond with the Ottomans, so that the two armies shall begin to retire at the same time from Wallachia and Moldavia. The two contracting parties shall in no way meddie with the administration of the two principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia till the arrival cf the plenipotentiaries charged with the office of negociating for a definitive peace. Till peace is concluded, the Ottoman troops shall not enter any of the fortresses evacuated by the Russians. The inhabitants alone shall be at liberty to enter them. 4. Conformably to the preceding article, the island of Tenedos, as well as every other place in the Archipelago, which before the intelligence of the armistice shall have arrived, shall be occupied by the Russian troops, shall be evacuated. The Rus’
sian troops which are stationed before Tenedos, or any other place in the Archipelago, shall return to their ports, in order that the Dardanelles shall be at once open and free. If the Russian ships in proceeding to their ports shall be obliged to stop at any port in the Archipelago, in consequence of tempestuous weather, or any other unavoidable accident, the Turkish officers shall not op. pose any obstacle, but on the contrary, shall afford them the necessary aid. All the ships of war, or other Ottoman vessels, which, during the war shall have fallen into the hands of the Russians, shall be restored, with their crews, as well as the Russian vessels which shall have fallon into the hands of the Ottomans. The Russian ships in proceeding to their ports shall not take on board any subject of the Sublime Porte. 5. All the vessels of the Russian flotilla stationed at the mouth of the Sunne or elsewhere, shall go out and proceed to their ports, in order that the Ottoman vessels may go out and come in with perfect safety. The Sublime Porte will give orders that the Russian vessels proceeding to their ports shall be respected, and that they shall be permitted to 2nter into any Ottoman port in case they shall be obliged to do so by tempestuous weather or any other inevitable accident 6. All the prisoners of war and other slaves of both sexes, of whatever quality or rank, shall be immediately liberated and restored on both sides, without any ransom, with the exception, however, of mussulmen who shall have voluntarily embraced the christian religion in the Russian empire, and the christian subjects of Russia who shall have voluntarily embraced the mahometan religion in the Ottoman empire. Immediately after the conclusion of the present armistice, all the commanders, officers and inhabitants of the fortresses of Turkey, who are at present in Russia, shall be restored and sent to Turkey, with all their property and baggage.—7. The present treaty of armistice, written in Turkish and in French, has been signed by the two plenipotentiaries, and by the Adjutant Commandant Guilleminot, and has been exchanged, in order that it may be ratified by the Grand Vizier, and by his excellency the General in Chief Michelson.— The two plenipotentiaries shall take care that the said ratifications shall be exchanged within one week, or sooner, if possible.— Done and decreed at the castle of Slobosia, near Giurgion, the 20th of the month of Dgemaziul-Ahir, the year of the Hegira 1222, and the 12th of August (old style), or the 24th of August, 1807, (new style) of
the Christian aera. —— (Signed) – Galis EFFENDI, SERG10 LASKAR off, GUILleM1. NOT.
FOREIGN OFFICIAL PAPER. , RUss 1A. Proclamation issued by the Enperor of Russia, on the conclusion of Peace with France. Given at St. Petersburgh, August 9, 1807. We, Alexander the First, by God's grace, Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias.--The war between Russia and France, through the powerful assistance of the Most High, and the distinguished valour of our troops, has ended. Peace is happily restored.—In the course of this war, Russia has experienced the magnitude of her resources in the love aud devotion of her sons, and which she may reckon upon finding on all occasions.— The troops in general have exhibited an unexampled valour, the firmest intrepidity, and heroic action ; wherever they were called by the voice of honour, the sense of danger disappeared : their glorious deeds will rmain beyond the power of oblivion in the annals of national honour, and a grateful country will consider them as standing examples for posterity.—The nobles of the civil class, treading in the footsteps of their predecessors, have not only distinguished themselves by the sacrifices they have made of their property, but also by their perfect readiness to hazard their lives for the honour of their country.—The merchants, and all the other classes, neither sparing of their endeavours nor their property, have checrfully borne the burden of the war, and have shewn themselves ready to make any sacrifice whatever.—With such a general and intimate union of valour and patriotism, it has pleased the Most High, defending and strengthening our armies in the severest conflicts, finally to reward their intrepidity by putting a happy period to a singuinary war, and presenting us with a propitious peace, by a treaty, between France and Russia, which was concluded and ratified on the 27th of June, in our presence, at Tilsit. —According to the basis of this treaty, we have rejected all the plans for the enlarge. ment of our frontiers at the expense of our allies, as inconsistent with justice and Russian dignity.—Not wishing to extend our spacious empire, we only made use of our arms to restore the violated tranquillity of the Continent, and to avert the danger which threatened our own, and the states that were in alliance with us —Through the establishment of the present peace, Russia's ancient limits are not only secured in their
uniting myself to His Majesty the Eumperor of the French and King of Italy, and to His Catholic Majesty, in order to contribute, as far as may be in my power, to the acceleration of a maritime pence, wherefore I am pleased to order, that the ports of this kingdom may be shut against the entry of all ships of war and merchant vessels belonging to Great Britain; and thus it is to be understood.—Given at the Palace of Mafra, the 20th of October, 1807. By order of the Prince Regent, our Sovereign.—That all persons may have due notice, it is directed that this Edict be publicly affixed. J. F. Ludovic. Lisbon, Oct 22, 1807.
DOMESTIC OFFICIAL PAPERS. MassacRE At Vello R.E. Proclamation relative to the Massacre at Vellore: pubtished by Order of the Governor in Council, and duted Fort St. George, December 3, 1806. The right hon. the Governor in Couneil, having observed that in some late instances an extraordinary degree of agitation has prevailed among several corps of the Native Army of this coast, it has been his lordship's particular endeavour to ascertain the motives which may have led to conduct so different from that which formerly dis.
inquiry, it has appeared, that many persons of evil intention have endeavoured, for malicious purposes, to impress upon the native troops a belief that it is the wish of the British government to convert them by forcible means to Christianity; and his lordship in Council has observed with conceru that such malicious reports have been believed by many of the native troops —The right hon. the Governor in Council therefore deems it proper in this public manner to repeat to the native troops his assurance, that the same respect which has been invariably shewn by the British government for their religiou and for their customs, will be always continued ; and that no interruption will be given to any native, whether Hindoo or Mussulman, in the practice of his religious ceremonies.—His lordship in Council desires that the native troops will not give belief to the idle rumours which are circulated by enemies of their happiness, who endeavour, with the basest designs, to weaken the conidence of the troops in the British government. His lordship in Council desires that the native troops will remember the constant attention and humanity which have been shewn by the British government, in providing for their comfort, by augmenting the pay of the native officers, and Sepoys; by allowing liberal pensions to those who have done their duty faithfully; by making ample provision for the families of those who may have died in battle; and by receiving their children into the service of the hon. Company, to be treated with the same car and bounty as their fathers had experienced. —The right hon, the Governor in Council trusts that the native troops, remembering these circumstances, will be sensible of the happiness of their situation, which is greater than what the troops of any other part of the world enjoy, and that they will continue to observe the same good conduct for which they were distinguished in the days of Gene. ral Lawrence, of Sir Eyre Coote, and of other renowned heroes.—The native troops mnst, at the same time; be sensible, that if they should fail in the duties of their allegiance, and should shew themselves disobedient to their officers, their conduct will not fail to receive merited punishment, as the
British government is not less prepared to
punish the guilty, than to protect and distinguish those who are deserving of its favour; —It is directed that this paper be translated with care into the Tanui, Telinga, and Hindoostany languages; and that copies of it be circulated to each native battalion, of which the European officers are enjoined
tinguished the Native Ariny. From this I and ordered to be careful in making it known
to every native officer and Sepoy under his command.—It is also directed that copies of the paper be circulated to all the magistrates and collectors under this government, for the purpose of being fully understood in all parts of the country.—l’ublished by order of the right hou. the Governor in Council. G. Bucha N, Chief Sec. to Government.
Gibraltar.—Order relative to Foreigners ; residing in Gibraltar, dated Head Quarters, October 8, 1807.
Notiee having been received from the officers commanding the Spanish lines, that in consequence of orders from the Court, the communication is closed between Spain and the Fortress; it is hereby ordered and directed, that all subjects of His Most Catholic Majesty, and of all countries under the dominion of France, residing within this place, leave the same with the least possible delay.—It is further ordered, that all Aliens, or Foreigners, not actually in the employ of some one or other of the departments of Govertiment, or in that of British merchants, or long-established inhabitants of this place, do also quit the town and territory within 20 days from the present date, unless they shall have obtained, previous to
that period, Permits of Residence of a date.
subsequent to the present. And it is to be clearly understood, in suture, that all persons by whose application, or under whose
responsibility, strangers are suffered to re
side in this garrison, are to be responsible for their maintenance, as well as for their good conduct.—All persons whatsoever in the several departments of Government, to whom the same may appertain, shalld do their utmost to put these orders in force.— By Command.— (Signed) R. WRight, Secretary. Evacuation of ZEALAND. From the Supplement to the London Gazette of Saturday, October 31. Dated Downing street, Oct. 31, 1807.
A Dispatch, of which the following is an Extract, has been received srom Lieut: Gen. the Right Hon. Lord Cathcart, K. T. addressed to Lord Castlereagh, one of his Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State,'dated on board his Majesty's ship Africaine, the 21st Oct. 1807.
As no sort of infraction of the Capitulation had been made by the Danes, who, on the contrary, acted most honourably in the strict and literal fulfilment of their engagement; with a view to the fulfilment of the Articles of the Capitulation on our part, it
was decided to commence the embarkation of the army on Tuesday, the 13th instant.— Accordingly, on that day, the 8 battalions of the line of the King's German Legion, were embarked in the arsenal ; and, on the 14th, the 2 light battalions of the King's German Legion, together with Brigadier Gen. Macfarlane's brigade, viz. the 7th and Sth regiments of British, which embarked in the same ships which brought them from Hull. These corps, with the depot and garrisoa company of the legion, and the sick and
wounded of the army, completely occupied
all the troop ships, whether for home or soreign service, which had not been appropriated to the conveyance of naval stores.— These ships having been removed to the road, were replaced by the horse ships-On the same day the advanced posts were withdrawn from Kolhaven, Werdenberg, Corscer, Kallenberg, Fredericksberg, Hersholm, and adjacents, and proceeding through a chain of cavalry posts, reached the environs of Copenhagen in three marches.—The embarkation of the royal artillery, with the field and battering ordnance, having been gradually carried on from the k; Brauderie, that of the cavalry and foreign artillery in the dock-yard, and that of the British regiments from the citadel, to the men of war, the e remained on shore, on Sunday afternoon, the 18th instant, only the brigade of guards, who moved on that day from the palace of Fredericksberg, to the strand near Hellerup, with otic brigade of British light artillery, the flank companies of the 32d and 50th regiments, with the 82d regiment, under Major Gen: Spencer, in the arsenal; and the 4th regiment, with a detachment of the royal artillery in the citadel, under Lieut. Col. Wynch, who acted as Lieut. Governor, the 4th, or King's own regiment, having been in garrison there the whole time.—Lieut. Gen. Sir G. Ludlow was appointed to command the rear guard of the army. In the evening of the 18th, a gale of wind came on which 'osted 24 hours, and rendered further embarkation impossible, and any communication from the shore with the ships very dif
ficult. As soon as it became evident that the
evacuation of the island, on the 19th, was impracticable, a correspondence took place between the British and Danish head quarters, the result of which jeft no reason to ap
prehend that hostilities would recommence on either side at the expiration of the term,
although the Danish General protes'ed, in strong terms, against our retaining the citade], which, on the other band, it was not judged expedient to evacuate.--Qū the 20.h. the morning was calm, and, as sco.; as it was light, the drums of all his Majesty's regiments on shore beat the General ; and the dock-yard and harbour being entirely cleared of transports and British vessels, the corps commanded by Major Gen. Spencer rowed out of the arsenal, under the guns of the citadel, and proceeded along the shore to Hellerup, to ". in readiness to reinforce the guards. His Majesty's sloop Rosamond having been also towed out of the harbour, and the King's ships within reach of the Three Crown Battery, having got under weigh, the 4th regiment marched out of the citadel, and proceeded to join the guards, covered by its own flank companies, and by a picquet of the guards. As soon as they had marched, the bridge was drawn top, and the British Fort Adjutant was sent to the Danish head quarters, to acquaint the General, that he was at liberty to send a guard to take charge of the citadel; accordingly, a small detachment of the royal artillery, and of the 4th regiment, were relieved by a guard of Danish troops, and the ordnance inventories and keys having been given over to the officers appointed to receive them by Major Bodecker, the Fort Major, and Capt. Patterson, of the royal artillery, the British detachment embarked with those officers, at the citadel, and proceeded to Hellerup —As
scon as the 4th regt, had joined the guards,
Lieut. Gen. Sir G. Ludlow began the embarkation, which was completed with great expedition and regularity. No troops of the
enemy appeared, and there was no concourse. People of all ranks in the
of inhabitants. city, in the villages, and on the public road, were extremely civil. Had any disturbance been intended, or had any been accidentally excited, the embarkation would have been equally secure from insult, the place selected being open and level, and out of the range
respective ships; after which the floating battery and praam were destroyed.
Admiralty Office, Oct. 31, 1807. Copy of a letter from Admiral Gambier to the Hon. William Wellesley Pole, dated on board his Majesty's ship the Prince of Wales, off Copenhagen, Oct. 20, 1807. Sir; I have the honour to acquaint you, for the information of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, that the whole of the Danish fleet being equipped (except two unserviceable ships of the line and two frigates, which have been destroyed), and the arsenal cleared of the stores, the army has been re-embarked; and that I shall proceed, with the first favourable wind, to carry into execution the instructions I have received from the Lord Wiscount Castlereagh.-Having so far accomplished the service on which I have been employed, I feel it my duty to state the great activity, energy, and zeal, which have been shewn by Vice Admi1al Stanhope and Rear Admiral Sir Samuel Hood, in superintending the equipment of the Danish ships, and the embarkation of the stores from the arsenal; nor has the same spirit been less manifest in the cap. tains, officers, seamen, and marines, who have all executed their respective parts, in the general exertion, with a promptitude and alacrity, which has not only entitled them to my warmest thanks and praise, but will, I doubt not, when the aggregate result of their labour is considered, obtain for them the approbation of their sovereign, and the applause of the nation. In the space of 6 weeks, 16 sail of the line, 9 frigates. 14
sloops of war and smaller vessels, besides gun boats, have been fitted for sea, and all
the large ships laden with masts, spars, tim
ber, and other stores, from the arsenal, from
of fire from the Crown Battery or Citadel, on board transports, and other vessels char
but commanded by his Majesty's light ships of war.—The brow, or stage itself, from which the troops embarked, was judiciously and ingeniously contrived by Sir Home Popham, to answer equally the purposes of cmbarkation and defence. A small vessel, a praam, and a floating battery, were fastened successively to each other on the beach; the two first being planked over, and the last beyond them having several guns of large calibre prepared for action, in an oblique direction, and manned by seamen.—The flat boats drew up on the two sides of the praam, and the gun-boats, which also received troops, were placed beyond the floating battery, so that, as soon as the brigade of artillely was embarked, the troops marched to their boats, and the whole put off to their
whence also 12 cargoes have been shipped
tered for the purpose, the sum of whose burden exceeds 20,000 tons A considerable number of masts and spars have been put on board the Leyden and Inflexible, which were well adapted for this purpose, and some valuable stores on board his Majesty's ships; nor can I forbear to remark, that such was the emulation among the several ships of the fleet to which the Danish ships were respectively attached for equipment, that within 9 days 14 sail of the line were brought out of the harbour, although several of them underwent, in our hands, considerable repairs. Of the 3 ships on the stocks, two have been taken to pieces, and the useful parts of their timbers brought away; and the third, being in a considerable state of forwardness, was