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“ about the propriety of aldicating his nour which is to prevent him from accepi“ claims to the throne of France, and ac ing of the means of existence; though, ob

cupring of some indemnification, which serve, honour does not induce us to acknow"ibe present ruler of that country may have ledge him as king. Oh! that is quite ano

proposed to him through the medium of ther thing. That night be injurious to us. " the Emperor of Russia; we have no doubt It might expose us to a prolongation of the "ihat such a supposition is altogether un miseries of war. Well, and is not the case “ founded, that it will be considered as similar ? We do not acknowledge him, be" cruil and injurious to the charucter of cause it might prove a source of misery to

every mmber of that illustrious house ; us; but, he is not to acknowledge Napoleon, " that the tiams which Loois XVIIIb has though it would procure bim a security “innerited pruin a long line of ancestors, against misery. Who does not see, that this

cannot, and will not be abdicated, and shameful inconsistency arises from a mo" that he would spurn the islea of accepl tive as shameful; that is to say, from the

ing any indemniji«ction from the usurpør fear, that the abdication of Louis would of his throne, and the inurderer of one tend to confirm the power of Napoleon, and "s of the relatives of his family. Ile may to make him more formidable to us!

continue banished from his native coun. conimend the French king for baving, if the " try; he may be forced to become a wan fact be so, put our good people to the “!, deier upon the face of the earib : he may test in this way. It is like the device of the "! be in ini-ery and penury tor the remain girl, who asked one lover, whether he would " der of his life, but there is one treasure, advise her to marry another lover.“ No,"said " of which neicher usurpers for cold calcu hc,“ to be sure I would not."'-“Well, then," “ Jating politicians are able to deprive him-- replied she, “ do marry me yourself, if you " his honour. Under any situation be will please.” Nothing could be more rea“ be able to excļaim with his illustrious an sonable or fair. Louis XVIII comes, and cesior, Francis I., that “ our honour re.

says : “ I am, by right, king of France ; mains, though every thing else is lost.” “ but, as I cannot assert this right, to any

-If Louis XVIII be a man of any turn “ effect, without your hearty concurrence, for gaiety, he must be highly amused with " and as I have no cstablishment in the the inconsistency of the blundering block world at present, and may, finally, want heads, whom his arrival has thrown into “ bread, though I wear this splendid title, I such anxiety.----First he is a king, and ought w intend, unless you will support me in my to be received with royal honours; next lie “ chims, to resign them to Napoleon, who is no king, “bis Majesty " is changed into “ offers me a certain settlement in conse" liis Ilighness," and, as he never has been quence of such resignation." And, wbat a king, we are under no obligations to ac

“ We cannot support you in kuowledgo bim as such, nay, it would be your claims ; for we have, by re. a vio at on of the compacis, wherein we peated and solemn acts, acknowledged have, repeatedly and solemnly, acknowledg. " that you are not king of France; but, ed Napoleon. But, now, when there is a if you give up those claims (which talk oi bis abdicaling, of his giving up bis we will not acknowledge you to have), title and his claiins, as the successor of the you are the basest man upon the face of former king of France ; vow he is a king " the earth.” In one short sentence, this again ; and, it would be “a cruel injury 10 is our language. " To acknowledge you as his character to suppose bim 'so base as to king of France would be injurious (0114, give up that title, which title we will not “and, therefore, you may call yourself acknowledge to be his due. Now, he ought “ what you will; yet, as it is convenient “ to spurn at the idea of accepting any in " to us, that Napoleon should bave a rival « demuification from the usurper of bis os

living, we would rather that you should throne," whose legitimate authority, be “ live in misery, with the title of king of it observed, we have solemnly acknowledg.

than obtain ęd; and, he is to“ become a wanderer upon settlement by the resigning of that

the face of the earth ; to live in penery " title." This is the language of the “ and misery for the remainder of his life," hearts of those, who have been concerned rather than accept of a comfortable mainte in this transaction; and, we may be assur; natice from the hands of Napoleon, Thised, that Louis XVIII is well acquainted doctrine may suit our purposes ; but, if Lou with the fact, and will be at no loss what 10 is XVIII has not lost his senses with his do. I think, for my part, that the racrown, this doctrine will be matter of high tiopal thing would be to accept of a selle diversion for him. Honour !" It is ho. ment from Napoleon. Some meb, indeed,

do we say :


a comfortable

in the place of the Bourbons, would stake that tbe people of so many countries should their lives against that of their rival. The hate illustrious persons, and love despicable family is numerous : an!, som how or other, persous ? “ The people were seduced by the they would, one or more at a time, tind principles of the revolutioni: ts.” But, their way to the metropolio of France, to how came it to happen, that illustrious ru. the palaces of the Emperor, or to his tents, lers were not able to prevent their people and would cease not, until either they had from being seduced by despicable teachers ? destroyed him, or he had destroyed ihem. This is the way, in which the natural reaBut, this is not their turn. They have, al son of man, proceeds in examining all the miost to a mza, given the world convincing alledged causes of the triumphs of the proofs, that they prefer safety to danger, French; and, say what we will, the gener and luxury to hardship. I remember a gal- , ral impression, at last, is, that those tri. lant Vandean saying to me: “ Why do not umphs are due to superior wisdon and su

some of the Bourbons siir? I have lost | perior valour. It is evident that the fall of

seven brothers in the war for royalty ; the princes of the continent might have “ ans, numerous as the royal family is, not been prevented by their cordially uniting to“ one of that fainily has yet ventured his gether against France; and, for their not “ life. Nothing is more easy than for any doing so, we are, by such writers as Mr. one of thein to get to Paris, there to as Gentz, referred to divers petty jealousies aod semble twenty followers, ready to fall by intrigues. But, after all, we are compelled “ his side ; and with these he might sally to deduce those jealousies and intrigues from " out upon Baonaparté, at a moment when the grand cause, a want of wisdom joined

no such thing was apprehended. Sap. in most cases to a want of valour. We may

pose them to be cut to pieces. That is continue, therefore, to call the conquerors better than living like beggars; but, the despicable persons, and the conquered illus

possibility is, that they would triumph. trious persons; but, it will avail us no“ Yet if they prefer the life ibey now lead, I thing, either at present or in the future ;

as I fear they do, I have nothing to say and, I am convinced, that those who are against it, only that they should candidly the most forward in holding this language say so, and not suffer their loyai adhe NOW, would, in case of a reversed state of

rents to expose their lives for nothing things here, be the most forward in holding -Many are the princes and royal fam.jies i an opposite larguage. -The devil certain. that we have seen assailed and overturned ; ly has a grage against the “ Learned Lanand, what instances have we witnessed of guages," and has availed himself of this bravery on their part? Have we sell one, opportunity of indulging it. Louis XVIII. may only one, who has ventured his site for is, it seems, amongst other things, an exthe presertation of his title or his domi cellent "o ciassical" scholar. On his arnions? Have they not all, without a single “ rival," says the Morning Chronicle," at exception, run away at the approach of the Gothenburgh, the magistracy of that town French generals ? And, is there a " waited on him, and read him an, ina amongst them whose desperate circumstan teresting address in Latin, which had been ceş, have produced acts of bravery? Ah! previously prepared. The Count de Lille, we may revile Napoleon and his generals ; " wbo is a projound scholar, immediately we may call them by all sorts of degrading “ made an appropriate and extemporaneous names ; we may remind the world of their reply in the same language, which was having been serjeants, corporals, and drum- " remarkable for its classical elegance." boys, while at the same time, we bestow The reader will recollect, that sometime ago, the epithet “ illustrious" upon the princes the editors of some of the London papers who have fallen before them; but; there is treated us with an intercepted letter of Buoa sort of natural reason in the mind of man, i naparté, from which it was evident, that the which renders this language of ours of no ef poor little fellow was not only not a classical fect. This reason asks how it bas happened, scholar, but that he was deficient even in that so many illustrious persons, having all that part of the art of grammar, which the the powers, civil and military, of Earope “ learned” call orthography, and which the at their command, and in their possession, “ igncrant" call spelling. This letter was the should have been defeated by a set of despic subject of a good deal of merriment, which cable persons, having, when they started, lasted for several days, and would, probably, no power, civil or military? " The people have lasted much longer, had not ibe atten,

of the several countries were traitors to tion of the learned and the witty been called " the former, and friends to the latter." off by the news of the battle of Austerlitz, But, here, again, how came it to happen, which served, too, as a sort of practical ido


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Justration of the inutility of Latin and Greek Helder, with his Royal Highness the Duke in the performance of great actions in the of York (wbo, by-the-bye, is also a Doctor world. Every one can draw a comparison of Laus), was, but a few years before, a between the atchievements and the present grenadier serjeant. Whether the learned situation of Louis XVIII and Buonaparte; Doctors of St. John's College, Oxford, addnor does it require the spirit of prophecy to mitted his Royal Highness as one of their foretell how they will stand upon the page learned body before, or afier, the capitula. of history. Yet, according to the notion of tion of the Helder, I am not certain ; but, the “ learned,” Buonaparte is an ignorant it is pretty evident, that the learning, which fellow. I shall be told, perhaps, ihat the entiiled him to the dignity, must have been atchievements of Buonaparté are not to be acquired previous to that epoch; and, yet it cited in support of my opinion respecting did not appear, that he was, in any greai de the inutility of what are called the “ learned gree, an over-match for the

ignorani" languages ;" but, why not? The conque grenadier serjeant.--There remains che ror of Europe has been reproached for not topic, not sufficiently dwelt upon in my knowing how to spell, and the person of last, namely, the granting of sums ont of whose throne he has got possession is now the taxes for the support of Louis XVIII, held up to our admiration as a “ pro

which grant is strongly recommended by all found sholar;

as speaking Latin with the news-writers, as far as my observation " classical elegance." This, then, is an in bas gone. So, as a correspondent observes, stance for me to cite, and a striking instance because the superior genius and valour of too. Here is a man, so “ ignorant" (to Buonaparte and the will of the French peo• use the epithet of the learned), that he did ple elevate a new dynasty in France, we are not, a little while ago, know how to spell; to support the wants of the exiled family: and he has not only placed himself at the we are to oppose the effect of genius, the head of a great nation ; but, has subdued consequences of imbecillity, or tbe caprices many other nations, and has made a new of fortune, with resources drawn froni the distribution of almost all the territory of Eu exertion of our industry, The labour of our rope, not forgetting to cause to be issued nation, and the sweat of the

poor. Where, laws, or decrees, relating to government in again, I ask, is this to pud? With numerous all its branches and departments. In short, place-men and pensioners of our own, are the greatest conqueror and the greatest law we also to support every exiled stem of rose giver that Europe ever saw. And yet lie alty and aristocracy. Who can tell what haruly knows how to spell; and is, accord exiled monarchs and princes and pobles are ing to the notion of my correspondent, Sco get to come. The business of esiling does TO-BRITÁNCUS, but one remove from am not appear to be hali completed; and, if Savage But, do I pretend, that, if Buona we are to give support in one case, why not parté bad what is called a classical education, in another? Thus, in a few years, we may he would have been less likely to arrive at luzve to maintain balf the former mcparchis his present greainess? Yes, I do; and, I of the world. I am quite at a loss to conthink, it is very reasonable to suppose, that, cive, not only how such grants (out of the if, from his infancy, he had hae Latin and earnings of the people) could be attributed Greek sounds dinned into his head; if he to generosity, but how they could be reronhad passed the flower of his youth in count ciled to justice, or tu prudence. Should ing syllables upon his fingers, in writing non

peace be wanted, and peace must be made sense verses, and in reading Latin and Greek in time, how are we to get rid of the person, books; if, in short, he had, almost necessa who, under whatever title we may support rily, contracied the habit of regarding a him, has claims to the throne of France? knowledge of words as the greatest of bu. But, setting aside all cousideration copnected man endowments, he never would have at

with peace, I object to the expense, wbich tained to so complete a mastery in that sci is already great, and which, if we be conence, which, more than any other, perhaps, sistent, may, and pro

ably will, becoine demands an extensive acquaintance with onen enormous. Let it be recollected, too, tbat and things." But, Buonaparté bas men the whole of the expenses, on this and 16 ur.der him who are learned." Here similar accounts, will be ascribed 10 royalty. again, the devil shows his spite agairist the The consequence may easily be foresten, Doctors; for, it is notorious, that the chief and, if there be any wisdom left, it will be of his generals and ambassadors have risen avoided. With what justice can the people from the ranks of the army; and, if I mis- of these kingdoms be called upon to support take not, the very general who negociated | any exiled family? Is there any one trom and ooncluded the famous capitulation at the whom they have ever received any benefit?


There appears to be no reason in the thing. influence than the government? How came If, indeed, it was resolved to support Louis the people to be so much disposed to listen XVIII. as king of France, and to make war to French emissaries? The French no lon- , with a view of placing him upon the throne ger preach liberty and equality. They come, of tbat country, the matter would be dif and they tell you they are coming , for the ferent. The grant, if made, would then sole purpose of conquering, of overturning be a national measure, for an avowed na

your goverument, and taking possession of tional purpose, and there was a time when

the country. And yet, from the moment such a measure might have been proper. | they get upon the frontiers, not a man of But, now, there is neither justice nor com the country can be made to stir hayd or foot, mon sense in it; and, one would suppose, against them ; nay, the only hope, that that it would be rendered unnecessary by seems to be entertained, is, that the people the choice of the prince himself, who, if will not actually rise in arms against their not acknowledyed king of France, would,

own government. There must be some if he be a wise man, prefer a perfect ob cause for this, very different from the in scurity, in which a man may be very happy, trigues and instigations of French emissato that splendid misery, in which a pailia ries; and, it well behoves every governmentary grant would support him.

ment, which is, as yet, unassailed, to exaPORTUGAL.-Nothing decisive seems mine, by times, whether, if the hour of as yet, to have taken place, with respect to trial should come, it will have reason to apthe fate of this country. It appears unac prehend the natural effects of such a cause. countable that he French should have so I have received no second letter from long delayed to take actual possession of it; Scoto Britannus; and I must defer, till but, heari ig nothing except through partial my next, what I have further to say upon, channels, we innst leave the reason for this the subject of ihe poor laws. de ay to future developemeni.---. In the Bulley, Nov. 12, 1807. neauwbile, we are told, that our traders there bave packed ty, and are ready to sail away, except, indeed, those who seein to (Being Nentor's Second Letter.) Abink, that they sball a ake a shift to live SIR;--l address you for the second and get money under Napoleon's govern- time, again grounding my claims to your atment. The breaking up of this branch tention, on the proposition that if “ Ireland of trade will not do England any barm at is conquered by Buonapartè, England will all, in my opinion, though it may produce also be conquered by him." A proposition great individual loss and distress; and, I which still appears to be incontrovertible, think, I can safely defy any one to shew, notwithstanding the pains which your correshow it can possibly diminish our resources pondent M.H. hastaken to prove the contrary, for war, or our means of comfort in peace; He argues from the successful resistance of while, on the contrary, I can easily shew, the people of France, in opposing the enehow those resources and those means hare mies of their new system of government; I been diminish-d by this branch of trade, argue from the failure of all the princes of which produced us nothing but luxuries in the continent, in endeavouriug to rouse their exchange for the useful productions of our subjects in defence of their old regimes; land and our labour. - Another view to and, when I do so, I certainly have the best take of this coming revolution in Portugal, of the argument, and maintain my position is, as it affects royal governments in general. as far as this mode of arguing bears upon the We are now told, Hatly and plainly, that question. But, I shall not permit this most there are designs formed, by the people of important proposition to remain explained on Lisbon, upon the life of the Prince Regent; such shallow reasonings as that, which may and, that, by way of defence, troops have be collected from the history of other nabeen called in from the country places. tions. I hall examine what Ireland would Troops! Good heavens! are there troops, be if she was a province of France, and what then? It is not yet a month ago, since we danger England would have to encounter if were assured, that the Prince Regent was such an event ever came to pass. Three adored by the people, who were ready, to weeks possession of Ireland would enable a man, to follow him to the Brazils. Buonaparté to form an army of from one to Bar, it seems, that it is the French who two hundred thousand Irishmen; these he have fomented discontents amongst the peo would provide with the arms taken from the ple. “ French emissaries!" This is al yeomanry, and the militia, and out of the Ways the case. But, how happens it that several depots. The private soldiers of the French emissaries became possessed of more Irish militia, who would join bis standard,

and those of his own troops would afford a dant value and importance ? On the whole, sufficient number of drill serjeants; whilst Sir, may I not then safely conclude, that if the French subaltern officers, and serjeants, Ireland' is conquered by Buonaparté, Eng. would be perfectly competent to supply the land must also be conquered by bin? It place of officers to this immense army. To seems as if he was waiting to pat his threat any one in the least degree conversant with of invasion into execution, until he shall bare the numbers of the Irish people; with the completely invested Englaud by a successful great proportion which the poor bear to the invasion of Ireland. He already covers the rich ; with their inclination to join the North East coast with Denmark, Holland, French if successtul in conquering the coun and the northern parts of France; and he try; and with their natural love of fighting, covers the southern coast with Normandy this statement will appear to be a most faitlı and Brittany, and had he but possession of ful one. With such an army once establis'i- Ireland the investment would be complete. ed, liable as England will be to be herself Seeing then of what advantage Ireland would momentarily invaded, any attempt to recon be to him, to enable him to carry into effect quer Ireland must be wholly out of the ques. bis favourite project of invading England, tion; and Buonaparté therefore, will bave can any man doubt of his whole mind being full opportunity to arrange bis military pre devoted to the arrangement of measures for parations in Ireland for an invasion of Eng. securing the corquest of Ireland ? And have land.- From Ireland an attempt of invasion ing such a certainty before us of what his inmust be more formidable than from any terests are, and of what the most constant other quarter of Europe; because, the Bri- occupation of his mind must be, is it not tish navy cannot keep at sea in the Irish | downright madness to withhold from the channel. From Milford Haven to Liver people of Ireland any boon which may se pool, there is no harbour in which any thing cure their attachment to the connection with larger than a frigate can enter'; to the north- this country ? If, Sir, I was to write for ward of Liverpool there is no harbour even ever, or, if the House of Commons were to for a frigate. If a gale of wind comes on in debate night after night on the state of Irethe Channel, the custom is for every vessel land, the truth is, that every thing that can to make the nearest port in order to avoid be said about Ireland may be resolved into shipwreck; and, therefore, if Buonaparıé this short statement: Buonaparté mast have was in possession of Ireland, and wished to Ireland in order to make sure of success, send his troops to any part of the Welch or whenever lie invades England; whilst Inga English coast, it would be necessary for hiin laad must secure the possession of Ireland in only to wait for the termination of a gale of order to be safe from conquest. The way wind, to be sure of having the channel to Buonaparté has to obtain Ireland is by the himself. Let us then suppose the whole aid of fleets and arinies; the way that Eng. population of Ireland at his compuand, and land has to secure it, is by acting with honese formed by his officers into large armies ; let ty and justice towards the people of Ireland. us suppose his French troops, ard those of The question then for the people of England his allies, ready to embaik from all the ports to decide upon is this, whether or not they of Denmark, Holland, France, Spain and will secure their own safety by permitting Italy, can any man be vain enough to flatter their conduct towards Ireland to be governed himself, that the people of England would by principles of honesty and justice. If they be able to save their country from conquest ? are honourable and just towards Ireland, Can we look with confidence to suco a re

they may depend upon it, that they will bave sult in the talents of the commander-in nothing to fear from Buonaparté ; but, if chief? Or in those of the numerous gene. they are not, they had better begin to count rals whom he has selected to lead our gallant the months and days for which they will be forces? Or in the counsels of our ministers, able to boast of their freedom and indepena or in the zeal and patriotism of our people ? dence. For, rely upon it, tbat the period is The people of England once certainly lived | not very distant, when a trial will be given under a constitution of government, which to the security of England's possession of they would have defended against all foreign | Ireland ; and when it will be proved wheinvaders; but, can it be supposed that the ther the act of Union, the Irish army, and present race would be fired with the same the hearts of the people of Ireland, are all zeal, which stimulated their forefathers in or any of them such bulwarks as they are their virivouz exertions to defend it ; now, commonly considered to be. I must make that it exists, more as a shadow of what it the continuation of this discussionn, the subonce was, than as a possession of transcen- ject of another letter. Mextor.

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