Abbildungen der Seite

able sum, and a fair rent put upon it, added to the above-mentioned value of the land, must very considerably reduce my annual clear profit from the lease of the house.— One point more which it is my wish to impress upon the minds of the commissioners is, that the property which has devolved to me in Essex, I possess only during the life of my wife; and that the next person in succession (my own property and residence being otherwise entalled) will have no other place of residence, where the bulk of his property is situated, and be reduced to reside in a rented house, in consequence of the military works at Chelmsford.—Having by this plain statement vindicated myself, I hope, from the imputations, of which I have so much reason to complain; having, I trust, made it manifest that I have acted with perfect fairness to the public, the original occupation of the land having taken place under an administration to which I was politically opposed, and the offer of my house made to the same administration; it remains for me only to observe further, that having made the whole of this statement (after the lapse of four years) chiefly from recollection, and with few documents to refer to, it may be possible that in some trifling instances I may have been inaccurate; particularly, as, much

[blocks in formation]

very is for ever abolished in Hayti –3. N° one has a right to violate the asylum of *

ling, without an order, emanating from a superior and competent authority.—4. All property is under the protection of the government. Every attack upon the property of a citizen is a crime, which the law punishes.—5. The law punishes assassination with death. Title II. Of the government.——6. The government of Hayti is composed ; First, of a Chief Magistrate, who takes the title and quality of President and Generalissimo of the Forces of Hayti, both by land and sea: every other denomination is for ever proscribed in Hayti. Secondly, of a Council of State.—The Government of Hayti takes the title, and will be known by the denomination of “The State of Hayti."—7. The Constitution names the General in Chief, Henry Christophe, President and Generalissimo of the Forces, both by land and sea, of the State of Hayti—8. The trust of President and Generalissimo of the Forces is for life 9. The President has the right to choose his successor, but only from among the Generals, and in the manner hereafter prescribed. This choice must be secret and contained in a sealed packet, which shall be opened only by the Council of State, solemnly assembled for that purpose. The President shall take all necessary precautions for informing the Council of State where this packet shall be deposited.—10. The armed force shall be under the direction of the President, as also the administration of the fi

to make treaties with foreign nations, as well for the purpose of establishing commercial relations as to secure the independence of the state.—12. He is to conclude peace, and to declare war, to maintain the rights of the people of Hayti. —13. He has also the right to consider of the means of favouring, and increasing the population of the country.—14. He is to propose the laws to the Council of State, who after having adopted them, and drawn them up, send them back to him, for his sanction, without which they cannot be executed —15. The appointments of the President are fixed at 40,000 dollars a real'. -

Title III. Of the Council of State. 16. The Council of State is composed of nine members, nominated by the President, of which, at least, two thirds are to be generals.—17. The functions of the Council of State, are to receive the propositions of laws - from the President, and to draw them up in the Inanner they may judge adviseable; to

citizen, nor to enter forcibly into his dwel".

hauces.—11. The President has the power .


fix the amount of taxes, and the mode of collecting thema 5 to sancticn the treaties concluded by the President, and to fix upon the mode for recruiting the army. An account shall be presented to them annually, of the receipts and expenses, and of the resources of the country.—[The fourth, fifth, and sixth heads respect the appointment of a Superintendant General of the Finances, the Marine, and the Interior, and also the appointment of a Secretary of State, and the Tribunals.] Title VII. The Catholic, Apostolic, and Roman religion, is the only one acknowledged by the government.——The exercise of other religions is tolerated, but not publicly. Title VIII. Public Education.—There shall be established a central school in each division, and particular schools in each subdivision. Title IX. Of the Guarantee of the neighbouring Colonies.——The government of Hayti declares to those powers who have colonies in its neighbourhood, its fixed determination to give no disturbance to the government of these colonies.—The people of Hayti make no conquests out of their own island, and confine themselves to the preservation of their own territory.—[After those nine heads, there follow some general regulations, the principal of which are: that every Haytian, from 16 to 50, can be called into the army, whenever the safety of the state requires it : that the government so

lemnly guarantees the foreign merchants the

security of their persons and properties: divorce is strictly forbidden in Hayti; and agriculture, which is declared the most ancient, the most noble, and the most useful of all the arts, is to be encouraged and protected.] Proclamation.—Henry Christophe, President and Generalissimo of the Military and Naval Forces of the State of Hayti, to the Army and People. The light has broken in upon us, and a beneficent constitution has put an end to the

plots and machinations, of which you were

on the point of becoming victims. A wise code, adapted to our manners, our climate, and our customs, has sprung, as it may be said, out of chaos, and fixed once more the destinics of Hayti. Long had I in vain sought to present you with this precious gift : in vain did I assemble the districts, and urge them to send deputies to Port-auPrince, to give you a constitution, My anxiety, instead of being followed with the desired success, only operated as an additional incitement to the factious, to pervert the public opinion, and to establish a con+

[ocr errors]

stitution favourable to their interests, and those of their adherents; but as hostile to the liberty of the people, as it was to the principles of sound reason. --—Fellow-Citizens, you have all been witnesses to the purity of my views, and the sincerity of my intentions. You know how this sincerity has been abused, by the miscreants who fomented revolt, and kindled civil war. Their efforts never intimidated me for a single moment, or diverted me from my design of serving my country. By night or by day I have never ceased to occupy myself in providing for the public safety. What have I not done to effect it 2 What have I not suffered in counteracting the secret wiles and plots of the factions —I have always been in the midst of you, and you can say whether my conduct has ever been influenced, or my honour tarnished, by ambition. Invested with the supreme power, this day, by the wish of my fellow-citizens and my companions in arms, I have yielded to their desires: and I have consented to bear this weighty but honourable burden, because it was their wish that it should be entrusted to my hands, and because I am willing again to serve my country. Happy shall I be if my efforts are crowned with success, and if they tend to the happiness of my fellow-citizens ! —But, to attain this, my efforts alone will not be sufficient! The laws and constitution which have just been presented to you must be observed. It provides for the religious preservation of your rights; it secures to every citizen his personal liberty, his right of property, and that of his family.—The fatal consequences of the wars in which we have been engaged, and still more the immoral example held out to us by the French, had almost destroyed every principle of religion. The moral system was publicly laughed at, and a corrupted youth abandoned itself, without remorse, to all the licentiousness of its age; public education was degraded, and confided to mercenary instructors. It was necessary to restore to religion its dignity— to cause it to be respected and cherished. It was necessary to revive morality, to give it due distinction ; to inculcate into the minds of youth its sacred principles, and those of honour also ; in short, to convince the people, that without religion and morality, human society could not exist.—Your interests will be secured to you by proper tribunals : the judgments pronounced by their ministers will be dictated by equity and justice. It remains for the people of Hayti to make themselves distinguished by their probity and good faith. Essentially a trading country, as well from its situation as the nature of the commodities it produced, it is necessary that it should attract the merchants of every country on the globe, both by its equity and its produce.—Trade being the source of all our wealth, it is important that the foreign merchants who frequent our ports, should be equally protected with our fellowcitizens : and that they should receive all the hospitality due to this useful class of so

ciety.—To feed this trade—to give it a new spring —agriculture must be prosecuted with perseverance and vigour. Placed under the finest climate of the world, favoured by nature with her most precious gifts, even to profusion, the husbandman has not at Hayti to contend with the rigour of a frozen clime, or to fortify himself against the inclemencies of the seasons. A little labour is sufficient to enrich him, and to place him on a level with the manufacturers of other countries. Exert yourselves, then, industrious cultivators, to fill your warehouses with the produce of our fertile soil. Display to the eyes of the merchants of Europe all that can tempt their desires, and you will soon see your trade flourish much above your most sanguine expectations.—After having re-established religion, defeated morality, restored manners, and encouraged agriculture and trade, we shall have still great labours to encounter. We must not neglect the use of arms. The enemy watches our movements, and observes our proceedings. We have as yet no guarantee of the affection of our friends. We must bind the latter to us by treaties ; we must be ready to meet the former in the field. Abandoned to ourselves, our resources are in ourselves. They are in you, soldiers, who are ready generously to spill your blood sooner than yield to a haughty enemy your liberty, which is the reward of your courage They are in you, inhabitants and industrious cultivators, from whom the state derives its wealth ! It is your union, your submission to the laws, which are to be the cement and bond of our independence.—The line of politics which foreign powers will pursue with respect to us is not yet manifest: whatever it may be, letus place ourselves in such a situation, that without holding out any defiance to them, we may, at the same time, have nothing to dread from those who may entertain hostile intentions.—Let those who wish a political connection with us, or who would wish to enjoy the advantage of our commerce, find an equitable reciprocity. To the rest, let us only offer death and battle.—At the same time that, we are occupied with these thoughts, let us never forget, that the safety of a free people is best maintained by arms,


Its cultivation employs a part of our fellowcitizens ; let us remember that we are all soldiers, and that it is warlike nations alone who have been able to preserve their liberty. Let us call to mind that a handful of Greeks, devoted to their country, confounded the rage of a million of barbarians, who endeavoured to wrest from them their liberty. Let us swear to initate their example: let us swear to observe our sacred constitution, to cause it to be observed, and to perish sooner than allow it to be violated in the smallest degree. Published at the head-quarters at the Cape, February 17, 1807. HENRY CHR is rophe, President. Rou ANez, Secretary of State.

CoNT IN ENTAL WAR. Sirty-second Bulsein of the Grand French Army.

Liebstadt, Feb. 21.--—The right of the grand army has been vietorious, like the centre and the left. Gen. Essen, at the head of 25,000 men, advanced to Ostrolenka on the 15th, along the two banks of the Narew; when arrived at the village of Flacis Lawowa, he met the advanced guard of Gen. Savary, who commanded the 5th corps.-On the 16th, at break of day, Gen. Gazan, with a part of his division, made an oblique movement upon the advanced guard. At nine in the morning he met the enemy, on the road to Novogorod, attacked, defeated, and put him to the rout. But at the same moment the enemy attacked Ostrolenka, by the left bank. Gen. Campana, with a brigade of the division of Gen Gazan, and Gen. Ruffin, with a brigade of the division of Gen. Oudinot, defended that small town. Gen. Savary sent thither the Gen. of Division Redle, chief of the staff of the army. The Russian infantry, in several columns, endeavoured to carry the town. The enemy was suffered to advance half the length of the streets, when he was marched against and charged. He was three times cut down, and left the streets covered with the dead. The loss of the enemy was so great, that he abandoned the town, and, took a position behind the sand-hills which cover it.—The di-, visions of Generals Suchet and Oudinot advanced: at noon the heads of their columns arrived at Ostrolenka. Gen. Savary drew up his little army in the following manner : Gen. ()udinot commanded the left in two lines; Gen. Suchette the centre; and Gen. Reille, commanding a brigade of the division of Gazan, formed the right. He covered himself with all his artillery, and marched against the enemy. The intrepid Gen. Oudinot put himself at the head of the cavalry, made a successful charge, and cut in pieces

the Cossacks of the rear guard of the enemy. The fire was very brisk; the enemy gave way on all sides, and was followed fighting during three leagues.— The next day the enemy was pursued several leagues but without being perceived. His cavalry had retreated the whole night. General Suwarrow and several other officers of the enemy are among the slain. The enemy has abandoned a great number of wounded, 1200 have been taken off the field, and more are bringing in every instant. Seven pieces of cannon and two standards are the trophies of this victory. The enemy has left 1300 dead on the field of battle. On our side we have had GO men killed, and from 4 to 500 wounded. But a loss most sensibly felt is that of the General of Brigade, Campana, who was an officer of great merit and promise: he was born in the department of Marengo. The Emperor has been much grieved at his loss. The 103d regiment distinguished itself particu. larly in this affair. Among the wounded are Col. Du Hamel, of the 21st regiment of light infantry; and the Colonel of artillery, Nour. rist. The Emperor has ordered the 5th corps to go into winter quarters. The thaw is dreadful, The season will not permit any thing great to be atchieved; it is that of repose. • ‘Tuarters; he has repented it.

63d Bulletin of the Grand French Army.

Osterode, Feb. 28, 1807. Captain Auzoni, of the Imperial Horse Guards, mortally wounded in the battle of Eylau, was lying upon the field of battle. His comrades came to take him up, and carry him to the hospital. He recovered his senses only to say to them : ‘Let me alone, iny friends; I die contented, since we have gained the day, and that I can die upon the bed of honour, surrounded by the cannons taken from the enemy, and the wrecks of their defeat. Tell the Emperor that I have but one regret: which is, that in a few mo: ments I shall be no longer able to do any thing for his service, and the glory of our fine France—to her my last breath—." The effort he made to utter these words, exhausted the little strength he had remaining, All the reports we receive, agree in stating that the enemy lost at the battle of Eylau, 20 generals, and 900 officers killed and wounded, and upwards of 30,000 men disabled— At the engagement of Ostrolenska, of the 16th, two Russian generals were killed and three wounded.——His Majesty has sent to Paris the sixteen stands of colours taken at

The enemy first broke up from his

the battle of Eylau. All the cannon are al. ready sent off to Thorn. His Majesty has ordered that these caumon shall be melted down, and made into a brazen statue of Gen. Hautpout, commander of the 2d division of cuirassiers, in his uniform of cuirassier. The army is concentrated in its cantonments behind the Passarge, with its left supported by Marienwerder, the island of Nogat, and Elbing, countries which afford resources.— Being it formed that a Russian division had marched towards Braunsberg, at the head of our cantonments, the Emperor ordered it to be attacked. The Prince of Ponte Corvo assigned this expedition to Gen. Dupont, an officer of great merit. On the 26th, at two o'clock in the afternoon, General Dupont presented himself before Braunsberg, attacked the enemy's division, 10,000 strong, overthrew it with fixed bayonets, drove it from the town, and made it recross the Passarge, took from it 16 pieces of cannon, two stands of colours, and made 2000 prisoners. We had very few men killed—On the side of Gustadt, General Leger. Belair repaired to the village of Peterswade, at day break on the 25th, upon receiving advice that a Russian column had arrived, during the night, at that village, overthrew it, took the General Baron de Korff, who commanded it, his staff, several Lieutenant-Colonels and Officers, and 400 men. This brigade was composed of ten battalion, which had suffered so much, that they formed only 1600 men under arms-The Emperor, in testimony of his satisfaction to Gen. Savary for the engagement of Ostrolenka, has granted him the grand insignia of the Legion of Honour, and called him about his person. His Majesty has given the command of the 5th corps to Marshal Massena, Marshal Lannes continuing to be sick.—At the battle of Eylau, Marshal Augereau, overrun with rheumatic pains, was sick and hardly in his senses; but the cannon awakes the brave : he flew in full gallop to the head of his corps, after getting himself tied upon his horse. He was constantly exposed to the greatest fire, and was even slightly wounded. The Emperor has just ordered him to return to France, for the purpose of taking care of his health. The garrisons of Colberg and Dantzick, availing themselves of the little attention paid them, had encouraged themselves by different excursions, An advanced post of the Italian division was attacked on the 16th, at Stargard, by a party of 800 men of the garrison of Colberg. To le continued.

Printed by Cox and Baylis, No. 75, Great Queen Street, and published by R. Bagshaw, Brydges Street,

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

* Tex Thousa No Pou Nos Reward A Gen-enon of the most respectable connections. is desirous “ of obtaining a Permanent Post of 111GH HONJUR in so, o to of the Government. Un; rac“tised himself in the arts of soliciting preferment, he takes this won ic concieves the read est way of * obtaining his object, by interesting the feelings of those who may have the power of forwaring his to views. ii, therefore, auy gentleman possessing the means will use them to procure for this Advertiset “such a post, Ten Thousand Pounds shall be deposited in the hands of any Banker, on the commence“ment of any treaty to be set on foot in consequence of this advertisement, to be paid to him or his order, “ or any agent, upon terms hereafter to be agreed upon; or any elderly Gentleman in the Commission of Ercise, Customs, &c. desirous of resigning his Office, upon a favourable oppor u iry of making provi“sion for his Family, at the same time possessing sufficient interest to obtain this object by recommendation “ or otherwise, will, if he pleases, attend to this application. A sum to any amount, proportioned to the “emolument, will be given. It is of course unnecessary to state that the views of this Advertiser are “ considerable; as also it is to abstain from the nonsensical declaration of secresy, usually found in ad“vertisements of this kind, convinced that no treaty of this or any other nature can be brought to effect; “ without a mutual understanding of good faith in the outset. Letters addressed H. Y. Z. to the Bar of the “ British, Cockspur-street, before the 15th of July, will meet with every proper attention.”—Mons is a

Post news-paper, 7th July, 1807.
65) -

Proceedings IN PARLIAMENT. (Continued from page 52.)—I. Jobs in General and in Particular.—II. Closed Doors. —I. Upon the subject of Joss we must severt to the report of the debate of the 26th of June upon the Speech from the throne. Lord Howick, who, in due course and form, opposed the address, took occasion to speak of what he called the jobs of his opponents. It was, doubtless, a harsh term to make use of; but, as he made use of it so may we. He was insisting, titat the object in dissolving the parliament was to get a parliament more completely devoted to the ministry; much about, I suppose, my lord, the same object which the dissolution of 1806 had in view. But, that is no matter. In order to support his argument, his lordship mentioned several facts which had come to his knowledge, relating to the influence employed by the ministers, during, or upon the eve of the election. He said that, “ with respect to the influence of the “ crown, it had been-exercised during the ** last election, in a nost unexampled man“ ner. In this country to a great degree, * but in the sister kingdom most unblush“ ingly, both in temptation and threats. ** In one borough in Ireland, a candidate “ had dared ANY elector to vote against * kim; and he had been told, that in ano“ ther popular contest, the crown solicitor " had gone down, and informed Mr. Gro“gan, that the forfeiture of his estates * orould be esorced, unless he and all his

[blocks in formation]

that he deprived himself of the power of

“ proposing the measure, by advising the “ dissolution. The restoration of the In“ specting Field Officers was a most ob“.jectionable step. He had never met with “ a single Volunteer-officer who did not “ hold these Inspecting-officers in utter “ contempt: they had no command: they “ were not even empowered to order the “ Volunteers to come to be inspected. From “ the large staff which was attached to the “ British army, consisting of Adjutants, “ Quarter masters, Brigade-majors, &c. “ surely some better inspectors might be se“ lected ; aye, but then this was an of ject of great patronage 1 Just at the tissue of

« ZurückWeiter »