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Commerce having put this question; but, combining the circumstances: of the times, and judging by that security which the so- | reign merchants on their own account have hitherto enjoyed, concludes that they, being perhaps in hopes of some change of the Manifesto in their favour, and not having yet obtained their wish, defer fulfilling the object of the measures which have been adopted by the Manifesto, and endeavour to lay hold of the appellation of itinerant merchants, for . the purpose of remaining six months longer in an undeterminate state. The term of time for foreign merchants is very clearly set down in the Manifesto, and the English treaty of commerce can have no place there, which expired on the 25th of March, N. S. With respect to foreigners inscribing themselves as itinerant merchants, the 10th article of the Manifesto again clearly orders that the term granted to the itinerant merchants is to be reckoned from the day of the arrival of the foreign trader in Russia, consequently foreigners inscribed into Guilds who have paid their yearly tax for this year, or such as : have houses (which is not allowed to the class of itinerant merchants); or such as have Jived a long while in Russia, for purposes of trade, cannot become itinerant merchants, but must enter direct either into the state of subject, or into the class of foreign guests. For these reasons, the Minister of Commerce, on representing this subject to the senate, has applied for an Ukase, in confirmation of the same, as well for foreign merchants resident in Russia, as for those who may hereafter come into this empire; and in order not to impede commercial transactions by too sudden an alteration in the situation of the merchants, by which they would be obliged either to enter into new employments, or entirely to put a stop to them, “would not the senate think proper to allow the following arrangement to be made 3' viz. That as soon as any petition is given in for admitting a foreigner as a guest, the Duma, or City Council, should give the petitioner a certificate, empowering him to carry on business in conformity with his future intended calling, and after that the Duma might collect from them the information necessary for their introduction into the rights and obligations attached to guests, as ordered by articles 5 and 12 of the Manifesto,--It is therefore ordered, that it be made known to the Minister of Commerce, that the senate, finding the representation which he has made in consequence of the question of the College of Commerce, relative to the term allowed by the Manifesto of the 1st of
January of this year, to foreign itinerant |
merchants, and relative to those foreigners
who are inscribed in Guilds, and have paid
the yearly tax, er have houses, or have lived
some time in the Russian empire for the pur
poses eftrade, that they cannot become iti
nerant merchants, but must become subjects, . or foreign guests; and finding that representation just; and conformable to the meaning
and intent of the Hmperial Manifesto, leaves
it to the Minister of Commerce to ratify and
make known the same to those who already
reside in Russia, as well as to those who may
come hereafter, by publications in the Ga.
zettes of Moscow and Petersburgh. And
that this Ordinance should also be putin due
execution, on the part of the administration
of provinces, proper instructions are to be
made out to them, that they, in conformity with the representation of the Minister of
Commerce, and to avoid in peding the course of commercial affairs, by allowing too short
a period, should instruct the city councils to proceed in the following manner, viz. As soon as any petitions for inscription, as for reign guests, are presented by foreigners, the city council receiving from them the necessary documents, as stipulated by articles 5 and 12 of the Manifesto, by which they can be introduced into the rights and obligations attached to guests, are at the same time to give the petitioners certificates, purporting that they are at liberty to prosecute their business as foreign guests, even before all the formalities necessary for their complete inscription are gone through. Whereof proper notice is to be given to all provincial courts and governors in Petersburgh and Moscow, to the Minister of the Interior, and to the Colleges of Commerce and Foreign Affairs. July, 1807,-1st DepartInent.
Ordonnance of the Bishop of the Diocese of Quimper, on the sulject of the Conscription of 1808, and ordering the Priests to leg of God to put a stop to the Persecutions which the Catholic Church suffers in Ireland. From the Moniteur, dated Juty 13, 1807. " . ." Pierre Vitocent Dombidau de Croseillhes, by the Grace of God, and authority of ~ the Holy See, Bishop of Quimper, member of the Legion of Honour, to the clergy and faithful of his diocese; health and benediction :--My dear brethren, A new conscription imposes upon you the sacred obli: gation of rallying under the standard of the hero who governs. We shall recal to you those principles which we have heretofore enforced under similar circumstances. We have seen, with the most lively consolation,
guish the intrepid and religious inhabitants.
of these countries. Without doubt we pity your sacrifices, for no people of this vast emo, are more attached to their paternal earths; your manners, your language, render you almost strangers to all other countries. But if you leave your dearest friends, you will find, in your august Emperor, the most tender father. With what active solicitude does he watch so often the fatigues of his brave soldiers' And when the infilmities, to which they are all too often subject, or honourable wounds confine them in hospitals, what cares, what abundalit and generous succouns, does he not bestow upon them! He has been seen, my beloved brethren, to honour their attachment and bravery, by dressing, with his own royal hands, those heroic and affecting victims of war. Can your sacrifices have a more sacred object 2. The end you have in view, is to free your country from the domineering ambition of that government (1), which places its only glory and happiness in the calamities of other nations. For many years, people the most interested to live in peace with France have been shedding their blood in unjust wars, conjured up by intrigue and corruption. But He who reigns on high in the Heavens, and who judges nations and kings, hath sufficiently proved to the astonished world, that he dissipates when he pleases, the most formidable leagues, and that “it is by Him that kings reign.”——It is He, my beloved brethreu, who inspires our august Emperor with that spirit of moderation, and of wisdom, which the most just resentments, and the most splendid trophies of victory, cannot alter. Of that intoxication of glory, from which the noblestininds have had the greatest diffieulty to preserve themselves, his soul, more lofty still, has no knowledge. He calls to kings, tottering on their throtes, from whence he is well assured he can precipitate, them, if he does but give the signal for combat: “Why "astroy your subjects? I put no value on a victory which must be purchased by the lives of many of my children (2).' And, when,
sees him, my beloved brethren, divide all the , fatigues and all the dangers of war—trace, with the same hand, and under his tent, the plans of a campaign—prepare for new victo-. ries, and employ himself with solicitude in
every thing which can contribute to the hap
piness of his subjects (3)—re-establish those. sacred institutions, which ensure support and, consolation to infirmity and misfortunes— assign to the poor such instruction as is ne
cessary to their welfare—appropriate distinc-, tions and recompence to the talents, the zeal,
as Emperor and King, to that splendid magnificent empire, which was almost buried under, its own bloody ruins, the only man who could repair its sufferings, and cover, with the veil of his own glory, those periods which had dishonoured it—With what lively sentiments of love and gratitude will you learn, my beloved brethren, that far as he is separated from you, and in spite of the great events which he prepares, and which occupy his thoughts, you are always present, to his heart. He regrets his not having yet been able to visit. ... ."o: regret not having yet visited them; but one of the first journies which we shall make, after our return to our own status, shall be to see with out own eyes so interesting a part of our own people (9).’——Yos, you shall see, my beloved brethren, that immortal deliverer, who haš, freed you from the horrors of anar, chy, and of civil discord+r-that instrument of Providence who has re-opened out-temples, and restered our altars. He shall hear the acclamations of your gratitude and of your
love. They will prove to the eternal enemy (7) of the glory and prosperity of France, that all its perfidious efforts and intrigues will never be able to alienate from hion your religious and faithful hearts. For a moment it had seduced you, at that unhappy epoch when anarchy ravaged this desolated land, and when its impious füries overtained your
temples, and profaned your altars. It only af.
fected concern for the re-establishment of our holy religion, in order to rend and ravage our country.—See the sufferings it (England) inflicts on that nation (S); Catholic like you, which is subject to its dominion. The three last ages present only the afflicting picture of a people, robbed of all its religious and civil rights. In vain the most enlightened men of that nation have protested against the tyrannical oppression. ravished from them even the hope of seeing an end to their calamities: an inflathed and misled people (0) dares applaud such injustice. It insults with sectarian fanaticism the Catholic religion, and its venerable chief; and it is that government, which knows not how to be just towards its own subjects, that dares to calumniate this, which has given us security and honour.—Whilst the Irish Catholics groan beneath laws so oppressive, our august Emperor does not confine himself to the protection and establishment of that religion in his own states ; he demanded, in his treaty with Saxony, that it should there enjoy the same liberty as other modes of worship.–But the happiness, so dear to your hearts, my brethren, of being able to enjoy, with security, all the consolations of the religion of your fathers, will only render you more sensible of the miseries of that portion of the Catholic church (10): spread through all countries, it is always tonited by bonds of the same faith with the different churches; it partakes of their tribulations, and is interested in their prosperity. Faithful to these sentiments and principles, let us address the God of all vows and prayers to turn aside from the Irish Catholic corch, this new Storm with which it is me: ed.—Impelled by these causes, we ordain as follows:– “Art. I. Our present Ordonnatice shall be read at the time of the sermon, in the public service, on Sunday the 7th of June, in the Cathedral, and in all the other Churches, on the Sunday after it is received.——Art. II. There shall be said, every day, in divine service, in order to pray God to put a stop to the persecution which the Catholic Church of freland suffers, the prayer “ Against Persecutors of the Church,” the “ Secret,” and the “Post Communion,” as long as that persecution shall contii, i.e. Given at Quimper,
A new persecution has.
June 1, 1807.—PIERRE ViscENT, Eishop of Quimper.--LE CLAN cis F, Priest, Secretary. — By order of the Bishop.
(1) England.—(2) Letter of his Majesty the Emperor and King, to the King of Prussia, before the battle of Jena —(3) The Inatly decrees, which establish associations, bound by their vow to the service of hospitals, and the instruction of the poor.——(4) Decree of his Majesty, which raises, for their merit, the clergy of the second class to those of the first—(5) Letter of his Majesty, to his Excellency the Minister of Livine Worship, ordering him to cause a statue of the Bishop of Vanues to be erected in that Cathedral.—(3) Letter of his Mojo sty, to his Excellency the Minister of I)ivile Worship. ——(7) England.—(8) Ireland—(?) The English people.—(10) The Irish Catholic Church.
s24 Holletin of the Grand French fomy. Tilsit, June 22. An armistice has been concluded upon the proposition of the Russian general. (Here follows the armistice.) The French army cccupies all the Thalweg of the Niemen, so that there only remains to the King of Prussia the town and territories of Mcmel. Proclamation of the Emperor and King to the Grand Army. Soldiers,-On the 5th of June we were attacked in cut cantonments by the Russian army. The enemy mistook the causes of our inactivity. He found too late that our repose was that of the lion—he regrets having disturbed it –In the affairs of Guttstadt, Heilsberg, and the ever memorable one of Friedland, in a ten days campaign, in short, we took 120 pieces of cannon, 7 standards; killed, wounded, or took 60,000 Russians, carried off all the enemy's magazines and hospitals. Konigsbeo, the 300 vessels that were there, laden with all sorts of ammunition, 100,000 fusils sent by England to arm our enemies.—From the banks of the Vistula we have reached the borders of the Niemeil with the rapidity of the cagle. You celebrated at Austerlitz the anniversary of the cororation; you celebrated this year, in an appropriate manner, the battle of Marengo, which put a period to the second coalition.— Frenchmen, you have been worthy of your'selves and of me. You will return to France covered with laurels; after having obtained a glorious peace, which carries with it the gorantee of its duration. It is tire that our contry should live at rest, secure from the malignant influence of England. My benefits shall prove to you my gratitude, and the full extent of the love I bear you.-At the Imperial Camp at Tilsit, June 22. 83d Bulletin of the Grand French Army. Tilsit, June 23.——Annexed is the capitulation of Neisse.—The garrison, 6000 strong in infantry and 309 in cavalry, defiled on the 16th before Prince Jerome. We found in the place 300,000 pounds of pow der, and 300 pieces of cannon.
S4th Bulletin of the Grand French Army. Tilsit, June 24.—The Marshal of the Palace, Duroc, went on the 24th to the head-quarters of the Russian army, on the other side of the Niemen, to exchange the ratifications of the armistice, which had been ratified by the imperor Alexander. On the 24th, Price Labai fi having demanded an audience of the Emperor, was admitted on the same day at two in the asternoon; he remained a long time in the cabinet with his Mjesty. Gen. Kokreuth is expected at the head-quarters to sigs, the aridistice with the King of Prussia.-Go the th of June, at 4 o'clock in the morning, the Prussians attäcked Druezewo in great force; Gen. Claparede sustained the enemy's fire; Marshal Massetti rushed along the line, repulsed the enemy, and disconcerted their projects; the 17th regiment of light infantry maintained its regulation; Gen. Montbrun distinguished himself; a detachment of the 28th light infantry, and a picquet of the 25th dragoons, put the Cossacks to flight. All the enterprizes of the enemy against our posts, on the 11th and 12th inst turned to their own confusion. It is already seen by the afinistice, that the left wing of the French army sopports itself on the Curisch Haff, at the mouth of the Niemen, from whence our line extéads itself towards Grodno ; the right, commanded by Marshal Massena, reaches to the confines of Itussia, between the sources of the Narew and the Bug. The head-quarters are about to be removed to Konigsberg, where every day new discoveries are male of provisions, aminunition, other effects. belonorino to the enemv — *
A position so formidable is the result of successes the most brilliant; and while the enemy's army flies routed and destroyed, more than half the French army has not fired a musket.
85th Bulletin of the Grand French Army. Tilsit, June 24.—To-morrow the two
Emperors of France and Russia are to have an interview. For this purpose a pavilion has been erected in the middle of the Niemen, to which the two monarchs will repair from each of its banks —Few sights will be more interesting. The two sides of the river will be lined by the two armies, while their chiefs confer on the means of re-establishing order, and giving repose to the existing generation. The Grand Marshal of the Palace, Duroc, went yesterday, at 3 in the afternoon, to compliment the Emperor Alexander. Marshal Court Kalkreuth was presented this day to the Emperor: he remained an hour in his Majesty's cabinet. – The corps of Marshal Lannes was reviewed this morning by the Emperor. He made several promotions, gave rewards to those who distinguished themselves by their bravery, and expressed his satisfaction to use Saxon cuirassiers. 85th Bulletin of the Grand French Army. Tilsit, June 25 ——This day, at one, the Emperor, accompanied by the Duke of Berg,
| Prince Neufchâtel, Marshal Bessieres, the
Marshal of the Palace ijuroc, and the Graud Equer: y Caulaincourt, embarked on the banks of the Niemen, in a boat prepared for the purpose. They proceeded to the middle of the river, where Gen. Lariboissiere, commanding the artillery of the guard, had caused a raft to be placed, and a pavilion erected upoR it. Close by it was another raft and pavilion for their Mojesties suite. At the sanie moment the Emperor Alexander set out from the right bank, accompanied by the Grand Duke Constantine, Gen. Bennigsen, Gen. Ouwaroff, Prince Labanoff, and his principal Aid-de-Camp Count Lieven.— The two boats ar, ived at the same instant, and the two Fmperors embraced each other as soon as they at foot on the raft. They crocred together the saloon which was prepared for them, and remained there two hours. The conference having been concluded, the persons composing the suite of the two Emperors were introduced. The Homperor Alexander paid the handsomest complinents to the officers who accompanied the Emperor, who, on his part, had a long conversation with the Grand Duke Constantine and Gen. Bennigsen.—The conference having terminated, the two Emperors embarked each in his boat. It is supposed that the conference has had the happiest result. Shortly after, Prince Labanoff went to the French head-quarters, An agreement has taken place that one half of the town of Tilsit is to be rendered neutral. The apartments appointed there for the residence of the Emperor of Russia and his court have been fixed upon. The imperial Russian guard will pass the river, and be quartered in that part of the city destined to that purpose.—The vast number of persons belonging to each army, who flocked to both banks of the river to view this scene, renderedit the more interesting; as the spectators were brave men, who came from the extremities of the world. General Orders. Head-quarters at Stettin, July 10.—The corps of observation of the grand army must return an attack, and advance into Swedish - Pomerania.—On the 18th of April an armistice was concluded at Schlatkow, which was to have continued until 10 days should have expired aster notice had been given of the intention to resume hostilities. In consequence of some subsequent conferences between the commanding generals, the term a : 19 days was extended to 30 days by an additional article, signed the 29th of the ..., same month.-The latter arrangement experienced no kind of difficulties: but his Majesty the King of Sweden appeared in Pomerania, assumed the command of his army, and immediately declared his intention to acknowledge merely the first stipulation of a term of ten days. At the same time the Swedish navy, in spite of the armistice, committed hostilities before Colberg against ... the corps of French troops and their allies which besieged that place. In this state of affairs, an explanatory correspondence arose between the commanding general, and the King of Sweden proposed a conference to me, in order to put an end to the subsisting differences, which conference was to be held at Schlatkow, in the Swedish territory. - . then entertained, that the oppo, sition his Majesty experienced, arose merely from his wish to conduct the affairs himself, ..". the conference proposed might
perhaps lead to peaceful overtures, and some
permanent arrangement.——On the 4th of
June, I accordingly proceeded to Schlatkow,
attended by 5 or 6 officers of the staff, and
clared to me, that the King was at Schiat. . . kow, almost without an escott, attended
merely by a retique by no means numerous.
The French troops will vie wit
- ff, and ; iii the same street, and at no. by as many orderly gens d'armes. The aid. - - de-camps of his Swedish, Majesty had de-f -- - - - - of the 9th. The ol. c
—On my arrival I found the house where the King was, without guards, but in the courta squadron of horse was drawn up in order of battle. Being alone admitted to the Prince, I represented to him the object of the conference, but he interrupted she almost immediately, and declared, that his determination in favour of the term of the first ar. mistice was unalterable, and thus cut off all questions, which were to form the object of the conference, Europe will learn it with indiguation, because the laws of nation, and the laws of honour, were violated; he dared to propose to the French general, to one of the first subjects of the Emperor Napoleon, to betray his sovereign and his country; to espouse the cause of the English under the disgraceful banner of a band of deserters, who feel neither for the happiness of their native country, nor share in its glory. Since that conference, the King caused the above hostilities before Colberg to be continued, and others to be continued at the mouth of the Trave. He has drawn from England both money and soldiers; he has collected as many fugitives and deserters as came within his reach, and full of confidence in his force, he gave on, the 30th of this month notice, that at the expiration of ten days the armistice would be at an end; he gave that notice at the very moment when he could be informed of the change of dispo. sitions on the part of Russia and PrussiaThe hostilities with Sweden recommence therefore on the 13th of this month....We might begin them sooner, because the king: conduct has been nothing but a series of violations and infringements; but it is a prominent feature in the character of our sovereign to be as great in magnanimity and moderation, as he is through his genius and heroic exploits. Europe will know how to appreciate such conduct, and discern those who wish to prolong the scourge of war- those of the allies in discipline and valour; o not forget that the Emperor Napolédi has ho regards fixed on them, and 'feel confident that we shall all deserve his approbation by
8; th Bulletin of the Grand French Army.
Königsberg, july 17–The Emperors of
France ind Russia, after 20 days residence
at Tilsit, where the Imperial Palaces were eat distance, took leave of each; ther with the greatest cordiality, at three 6 clock in the afternoon
\ §. an account of what Pâsse. etwo fi them will be vely iteresting to both rations.—Athalf