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situate between the Rhine and the Elbe to the possessions of his .." the King of Prusia, as they are defined by the present Treaty, shall be for eyer extinguished and annulled.—Art. XI. All negociations, conventions, or treaties of alliance, that may #ave been publicly or privately concluded between Prussia and any States on the left Bank of the Elbe, and which has not been broken by the present war, shall remain without effect, and be considered as null and not concluded.—Art. XII. His Majesty the

ing of Prussia cedes the Circle of Kotbuss, in Lower Lusatia, to his Majesty the King of Saxony, with full right of proprietorship and sovereignty.—Art. XIII. His Majesty the King of Prussia renounces for ever possession to all the provinces which fornierly constituted parts of the kingdom of Poland, have at different periods come under the dominion of Prussia, excepting Ermeland, and the country to the West of Ancient Prussia, to

the East of Pomerania and the Newark, to

the North of the Circle of Halm and a line which passes from the Vistula by Waldau to Schneidemuhl, and passes along the boundaries of Bromberg and the road from the Schneidemuhl to Driesen, which provinces, with the town and citadel of Graudetz, and the villages of Neudorf, Parschken, and Swierborzy, shall in future be possessed, with all rights of proprietorship and sovereignty, by his Majesty the King of Prussia. —Art. XIV. His Majesty the King of Prussia renounces in like manner, for ever, possession of the city of Dantzic.—Art. XV. The provinces which his Majesty the King of Prussia renounces in the 13th article, with exception of the territories mentioned in the 18th article, shall be possessed with right of ; and sovereignty by his Majesty the

ing of Saxony, under the title of a Dukedom of Warsaw, and governed according to a constitution which shall secure the liberlies, and privileges of the people of that duchy, and be conformable to the tranquillity of the neighbouring states.—Art. XVI. To secure a connection and communication between the Kingdom of Saxony and the Duchy of Warsaw, the free use of a military road shall be granted to the King of Saxony through the states of his Majesty the King of Prussia. This road, the number of troops which shall pass through it at one time, and the places at which they shall halt, shall be settled by a particular agreement between the two sovereigns, under the mediation of France.—Art. XVII. The navigation of the fiver Ness and the canal of Bromberg, from Diesen to the Vistula and back, shall re

main free from any toll.—Art. XVIII. In of any part which he niay have’lā

order to establish, as much as possible, natural boundaries between Russia and the Duchy of Warsaw, the territory between the present boundaries of Russia, from the Berg, to the mouth of the Lassosna, and a line which passes from the said mouth, and along the channel of that river, the channel of the Bobro to its mouth, the channel of the Narew from its mouth to Suradz, the channel of the Lisa to its source near the village of Mier, and of the two neighbouring arms of the Nurzuck, rising near that visiage, and the champel of the Nurzuck itself to its mouth; and lastly along the channel of the Bug, up the stream to the present boundaries of Russia, shall for ever be incorporated with the Russian Empire.—Art. §. The city .# Dantzic, with a territory of two miles circumference, shall be restored to its former independence, under the protection of his Majesty the King of Prussia and the King of Saxony, and be governed by the rules by which it was governed when it ceased to be its own mistress. Art. XX. Neither his Majesty the King of Prussia, nor his Majesty the King of Saxony, shall obstruct the navi. gation of the Vistula by any prohibition, nor by any customs, duty, or imports whatsoever. XXI. The city, port, and territory of Dantzic, shall be shut up during the present maritime war against the trade and naviga

tion of Great Britain.—Art. XXII. No in

dividual of any rank or description whatsoever, whose property and abode are situated in such provinces as formerly be. longed to the kingdom of Poland, or which the King of Prussia is henceforth to possess;

and no individual of the Duchy of Warsaw. incorporated

or residing within the ...? with Russia, or possessing any landed property, rents, annuities, or any income whatsocver, shall either with regard to his person, his estates, rents, annuities, and income nor with respect to his rank and dignities, be prosecuted on account of any part which he may have taken, either in a political or military point of view, in the event of the present war—Art, XXIII. In the same manner, no individual residing or possessing landed property in the countries which be: longed to the ko, of Prussia, prior to the 1st of January, 1772, and which are restored to him by virtue of the preceding second ar. ticle; and in particular, no individual of the Berlin civic guard or of the gens d'armes who have taken up arms in order to main-- - - ** -- - • * * *. tain tranquillity, shall be prosecuted in his person, his estates, rents, annuities, or any income whatsoever, or in his rank or dignity, nor in any manner whatsoever, on account in the

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events of the present war, or be subjected to any inquiry.—Art. XXIV. The engagements debts, or obligations of any nature whatsoever, which his Majesty the King of Prussia may have contracted or concluded, prior to the present war, as possessor of the countries, dominions, and revenues, which his Majesty cedes and renounces in the present treaty, shall be performed and satisfied by the new possessors, without any exception or reservation whatsoever.—Art. XXV. The funds and capitals which belong to private persons, or public religion, civil, or military

associations, countries which his Majesty

the King of Prussia, or, which he renounces by the private treaty, whether the said capitals be vested in the Bank of Berlin, in the Chest of the Territory of Noviltrade, or in any other manner, in the dominions of the King of Prussia, shall neither be confiscated nor attached by the proprietors of the funds or capitals, shall be at liberty to dispose of the same, and they are to continue to enjoy the interest thereof, whether such interest be already due, or may yet become due at the periods stipulated in the conventions or bonds; the same shall, on the other side, be observed with regard to all funds and capitals which are vested by private individuals, or public institutions whatsoever, in such countries which are ceded or renounced by his Prussian Majesty by virtue of the present treaty.—Art. XXVI. The archives which contain the titles of property documents, and in general all the papers which relate to the countries, territories, dominions, as well as

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the maps and plans of the strong places, ci

tadels, castles, and forts seated in the abovementioned eeuntries, are to be delivered up by commissioners of his said Majesty, within the time of three months next ensuing the exchange of the ratification of this treaty, to commissioners of his Majesty the Emperor Napoleon, with regard to the countries

seated on the left Bank of the Rhine; and erected a battery of 30 cannon in the front

to commissioners of his Majesty the Emperor of Russia, of the King of Saxony, and of the City of Dantzic, with regard to all the countries which their said Majesties and the City of Dantzic are in future to possess, by virtue of the present compact.——Art. XXVII. Until the day of the ratification of the future definitive treaty of peace between france and England, all the countries under the dominion of his Majesty the King of Prussia, without any exception whatsoever, shall be shut against the trade and navigation of the English. No shipment to be made from any Prussian port for the British Isles or British Colonies; nor shall any ship which sailed from England, or her colonies, be ad

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mitted in any Prussian port.—Art. XXVIII. The necessary arrangements shall immediately be made to settle every point which relates to the manner and period of the surrender of the places which are to be restored to his Majesty the King of Prussia, and to the civil and military administration of the said countries.—Art. XXIX. The prisoners of war taken on both sides are to be returned without any exchange and in mass, as soon as circumstances shall admit. Art. XXX. The present treaty is to be ratified by his Majesty the Emperor of the French, and by his Majesty the King of Prussia, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Konigsberg by the undersigned, within the time of six days next, ensuing the signing of the treaty – Done at Tilsit, the 9th July, 1807. Signed. C. M. TALLEY RAND, Prince of Benevento. Count KALRREUTH, Field Marshal.—AUGUSTU's Count Goltz.-The ratifications of this treaty were exchanged at Konigsberg on the 12th July, 1807.

FOREIGN OFFICIAL PAPERS: Continental WAR —Seventy-ninth Bul

letin of the Grand French Army.

(Concluded from page 192.)

About half past 5, Marshal Ney began to move forward. Some shots from a battery of 20 cannon were the signal. At the same moment the division of Gen. Marchand advanced, sword-in-hand upon the enemy, and proceeded towards the tower of the town ; being supported on the left by the division of Gen. Bison.—When the enemy perceived that Marshal Ney had left the wood in which his right wing had been posted, they endeavoured to surround him with some regiments of cavalry, and a multitude of Cossacks: but Gen. Latour Maubourg's division of dragoons rode up in full gallop to the right wing, and repelled the attack of the enemy. In the mean time Gen. Victor

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line, which encircles the town of I'riedland. The enemy who had posted, the imperial horse and foot guards in ambush there, advanced with great intrepidity, and attacked Marshal Ney's left, which for a moment wavered : but Dupont's division, which formed the right wing of the reserve, fell upon the Russian imperial guards, defeated them, and made a inost dreadful slaughter. The enemy sent forward several other corps from his centre, to defend Friedland: vain efforts' Friedland was forced, and its streets bestrewed with dead bodies. The centre, commanded by Marshal Lannes, was at the same time engaged. The attempts which the enemy had made upon the right wing, being frustrated. he wished to try the effect of situilar efforts upon our centre, he was, however, suitably received by the brave divisions of Oudinot and Verdier, and the com

manding Marshal.—The repeated attacks of the enemy's infantry and cavalry were inca

pable of obstructing the march of our columns, all the powers and all the courage of the Russians were exerted in vain.—Marshal Mortier, who, during the whole day, had given great proofs of coolness and intrepidity, in supporting the left wing, now advanced, and was in his turn supported by the fuzileers of the guard under the command of Gen. Savary. The cavalry, infantry, and artillery—all, on this occasion, generally distinguished themselves.—The imperial horse and foot guards, and two divisions of the first corps, were not in the action, The victory was never for a moment doubtful. The field of battle is horrible to behold. It is not too mtch to estimate the number of the dead on the side of the liussians, at from 15 to 18,000. The number of dead on the French side was not 500, but we have 3000 wounded. We have taken 80 cannons, and a great number of cassoons. A great number of standards have also fallen into our hands. There are 25 of the Russian generals either killed, wounded, or taken. Their cavalry has suffered an incalculable loss.Gen. Drouet, Chief of Marshal Lannes' corps; Gen. Cohorn; Col. Regnaud of the

15th of the line; Col. Lajonquire of the .

60th; Col. Lamotte, of the 4th dragoons; and Brigadier General Brunryn, are wounded. Gen. Latour Maubourg is wounded in the hand. Desfourneux, colonel of the artillery; Hutin, Chef d'Esquadron, and first Aid-de-Camp of Gen. Oudinot, are killed. Two ofthe Emperor's Aids-de-Camp, Mouson and Lacoste, are slightly wounded. Night prevented us from pursuing the ene

my; they were followed until 11 o'clock. During the remainder of the night, the cut off columns tried to pass the Alle at several fordable places, and next day, we saw caissons, cannon, and harness, every where in the river.—The battle of Friedland is worthy to be numbered with those of Marengo, Austerlitz, and Jena. The enemy were mumerous, had fine cavalry, and fought bravely. —Next day the enemy endeavoured to assemble on the right bank of the Alle, and the French army made manoeuvres on the left baak to cut them off from Koningsberg. The heads of the columns arrived at the same time at Wehlau, a town situated at the confluence of the Alle and the Pregel. The Emperor had his head quarters in the village of Peterswelde.—The enemy having destroyed all the bridges took advantage of that obstacle, at day-break, on the 16th, to proceed on their retreat towards Ilussia. At 8 in the morning, the Emperor threw a bridge over the Pregel, and took a position there with the army.—Almost all the magazines which the enemy had on the Alle have been thrown into the river, or burnt. Some idea may be formed of the great extent of their loss by what yet remains to us, The Russians had magazines in all the villages, which, in their passage, they every where burnt. We have, however, found more than 6000 quintals of corn in Wehlau. Koningsberg was abandoned cn the arrival of the intelligence of the battle of Friedland. Marshal Soult has entered that place, where much wealth has been found. We have taken there some hundred thousand quintals of corn, more than 20,000 wounded l{ussians and Prussians, all the ammunition which England had sent to the llussians, including 160,000 muskets which had not been landed. Thus has Providence punished those, who instead of negociating with good faith to bring about a salutary peacu, treated that object with derision, and regarded the repose taken by the conquerors, as a proof of timidity and weakness.-The army is now in a delightful country. The banks of the Pregel are rich. In a short time the magazines and cellars of Dantzic and Koningsberg will afford us new resour? ces of superfluity and health. The names of the brave inen who have distinguished themselves, cannot be contained within the limits of one bulletin. The staff is employed in collecting their deeds —The Prince of Neufchatel gave extraordinary proofs of his zeal and knowledge in the battle of Friedland. He was frequently in the hottest part of the action, and made arrangements which were of great advantage.—It was on the 54, the enemy renewed hostilities. Their loss in the ten days which followed their first operations may be reckoned at 60,000 men, killed, wounded, taken, or otherwise put hors de combat. A part of their artillery, the necessary supply of military stores, and all their magazines, on a line of more than 40 miles, are lost to them. The French army has seldom obtained such great advantages with so little loss. -

soth Bulletin of the Grand French Army. During the time that the French arms signalize themselves on the field of battle at Friedland, the Grand Duke of Berg arrives before Koningsberg, and takes in flank the corps of the army commanded by Gen. Lestocq —On the 13th, Marshal Soult found at Creutzberg, the Prussian rear-guard. The division of Milhaud's dragoons makes a fine charge, defeats the Prussian cavalry, and takes several pieces of cannon.—On the 14th, the enemy was compelled to shut himself up in Koningsberg. About noon, 2 of the enemy's columns, which had been cut eff before that place, with a view of entering it, 6 pieces of cannon, and from 3 to 4000 men who composed this troop, were taken. All the suburbs of Koningsberg were raised, and a considerable number of prisoners were fnade. The result of all these affairs is between 4 and 5000 prisoners, and 15 pieces of eannon. —On the 15th and 16th, Marshal Soult's corps was occupied before the entrenchments of Komingsberg; but the advance of the main body of the army towards Wehlau, obliges the enemy to evacuate Koningsberg, and this place falls into our hands. The stores found at Koningsberg are immense: 200 large vessels from Russia are still all loaded in the port. There was much more wine and brandy than we had any reason to expect.—A brigade of the oivision of St. Hilaire advanced before Pillau, to form the siege of that place; and Gen. Rapp has sent off to Dantzic for a column, ordered to go by the Nehrung, to raise' before Pillau a battery which may shut the Haff. Vessels manned by marines of the guard render us masters of this small sea.— On the 17th, the Emperor transferred his head-quarters to the farm of Drucken, near Klein Schirau. On the 18th be advanced then to Sgaisgirren; and on the 19th, at 2 in the afternoon, he entered Tilsit. The Grand Duke of Berg, at the head of the greater part of the light cavalry, some divisions of dragoons and cuirassiers, has follow

ed the enemy in his retreat these three last days, and did him much injury. The 5th regiment of hussars distinguished itself. The Cossacks were repeatedly routed, and suffered considerably in these different charges, We had a few killed and wounded: among the latter is the Chief d'Escadre Picton, Aidde-Camp to the Grand Duke of Berg. After the passage of the Pregel, opposite to Weh. lau, a drummer was charged by a Cossack at fall gallop; the Cossack takes his lance to pierce the drummer, but the latter preserved his presence of mind; takes his lance from him, disarms the Cossack, and pursues him. ——A singular circumstance, which excited the laughter of the soldiers, occurred for the first time near Tilsit, where a cloud of Cossacks were seen fighting with arrows. We were sorry for those who gave the preference to the ancient arms, to those of the moderns, but nothing is more laughable than the effect of those arms against our muskets. Marshal Davoust, at the head of the third corps, defiled by Labian, fell upon the enemy's rear-guard and made 2500 prisoners— Marshal Ney arrived on the 17th at insterbourgh, and there took 1000 wounded, and the enemy's magazines, which were considerable. The woods, the villages, are full of straggling Russians, sick or wounded, The loss of the Russian army is enormous, It has not with it more than 60 pieces of cannon. The rapidity of our marches prevent us from being able as yet, to ascertain how many pieces we have taken ; but it is supposed, that the number exceeds 120Near Tilsit, the annexed notes, numbered? and II, were transmitted to the Grand Duke of Berg ; and afterwards the Russian Prince, Lieut. Gen. Lubanoff, passed the Niemen, and had a conference for an hour with the Prince of Neufchatel—The enemy burned in great haste the bridge of Tilsit over the Niemen, and appeared to be continuing his retreat into Russia. We are on the confines of that empire. The Niemen, opposite Tilsitt, is somewhat broader than the Seine, From the left bank we see a cloud of Cose sacks, who form the rear guard of the enemy on the right bank-Hostilities have already ceased. What remained to the King of Prussia is conquered. That unfortunate prince has only in his power the country situate between the Niemen and Memel. The greater part of his army, or rather of the division of his troops, is deserting, being unwilling to go into Russia. (To be continued.)

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*: to by Cox and Baylis, No. 75, Great Queen Street, and published by R. Bagshaw, Brydges Street, Covent Garden, where former Numbers may be had sold also by J. Budd, Crown and Mitre, Pall Mall.

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* For what true English heart will not swell, when itshall be made clear and evident, as in this book. “ that the sovereignty of the seas, flowing about this island, even to the very shores opposite, hath, in all

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times, whereof there remains any written testimony, under every revolution, down to the present age,

been held and acknowledged by all the world, as an inseparable appendant of the British Empire; and “ that, by virtue thereof, the kings of England successively have had the sovereign guard of the seas; that “ they have imposed taxes and tributes upon all ships passing and fishing therein; that they have obstructed '' and opened the passage thereof to strangers at their own pleasure, and done all other things that may

to stify an absolute sea dominion. What English heart, I say, can consider these things together with the late actings, and not be inflamed with an indignation. answerable to the insolence of these people,

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“raised, but yesterday, out of the dust.”—Ned HAM's Dedication of SELDEN's Dominion of the Seas. 225) — - * to the * - - - Learned Languages," which once were so INDEPENDENT ELECTORS serviceable to the monks and friars, and - of The which are now kept as much in use as possi

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House of Commons; and, as it is reason

able to suppose, that some of you may not be fully acquainted of the nature of such grants, and of the circumstances under which the bill was thrown out, I, who have had an opportunity of becoming acquainted with both, will endeavour to give you a just description of them. There are, Gentlemen, numerous places under the government, which are called sine-cures, from two Latin words which mean without care. no charge, and, of course, no employment, attached to them; places which give the holders no other trouble than that of receiving the salaries or fees arising from them. The reason why these places are described by out-landish words is evident enough ; for, to call them, in plain English, places without employment, or mothing-to-do places, would naturally produce feelings, in the people, not very friendly to such a snug esta

Places having no care,

blishment; and, indeed, had these places al

ways been described by English words, my opinion is, that they would have ceased to

le by all those who are desirous of making a mystery of what ought to be clearly and universally understood. For the same reasons the law, that which every man ought to understand as clearly as possible, has been rendered mystical by the introducing and the retaining of foreign words. Latin, French, Half-French and Half Latin, any thing so that it be incomprehensible to the people in general; no matter what it is so that it keeps them from a knowledge of the real nature of the thing; and, what is above all things provoking, when a couple of empty-headed fellows have once got a gown and wig on, and have iearnt the use of this barbarous jargon, they will, without the least sense of decency or shame, stand up amidst hundreds of spectators, and bestow upon each other, at every second breath, the appellation of learned friend.” Much more depends upon names than seems to enter into our philosophy. When the excellent parliament, which made a law to provide, against Englishmen being uniustly deprived of their personal liberty; when they were enacting that the persons of innocent • men, of all ranks, should, for the future, be secure from the fangs of a tyrannical government, they should have taken care to give their act a name which all men must have clearly understood; and not have left it to the “ learned friends” to call it the act of Habeas Corpus, a name that, as far as ninetenths of the people know, may mean something to eat, or to drink. called the personal security act, or the act for preventing unjust imprisonment, be you assured, Gentlemen, that it lover would have been suspended for seven years toge

exist long ago. We have here, Gentlemen, ther, not, ... least; without some complaint, * *triking instance of the great utility cf. the on the part of Englishmen, against so sus.

If it had been

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