Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
[blocks in formation]

FOREIGN OFFICIAL PAPERS,

CoNTINENTAL WAR.—Seventy-seventh Bul

le'in of the Grand French Army.

(Concluded from page 160)

The commandant, thus abandoned by the garrison, saved himself by sea, and thus we are in possession of the town and port of Dantzic. These events are a happy presage of the campaign. The Emperor of Russia, and the King of Prussia, were at Heiligenbeel. They might have conjectured the surrender of the place from the cessation of the fire. They might have heardthe cannon from that distance. The Emperor, to express his satisfaction to the besieging army, has granted a present to each soldier. The siege of Graudentz is now commencing under the command of General Picton. General Lazowsky commands the engineers; and General Danthouard the artillery. Graudentz is strong from the number of its mines—The cavalry of the army is in fine order. The division of light cavalry, two divisions of cuirassiers, and one of dragoons, have been reviewed at Elbing, on the 20th, by the Grand Duke of Berg. On the same day, his Majesty arrived at Bishoverden and Stalsburgh, where he reviewed Hautpoult's division of cuirassiers, and the division of dragoons of General Crouchy. He has been satisfied with their appearance and with the good condition of their horses.—The Ambassador of the Porte, Seid Mohammed Emen Vahid, has been presented, on the 28th, at two o'clock, to the Emperor, by the Prince of Benevento. He delivered his credentials to his Majesty, and remained an hour in his cabinet. He is lodged at the Castle, and occupies the apartments of the Crand Duke of Berg, who is absent on account of the review. It is confidently said, that the Emperor told him that he and the Sultan Selim would be, for ever after, inseparably connected as the right hand and the left. All the good news respecting the success at Ismail and in Wallachia have just arrived. The Russians have been obliged to raise the siege of Ismail and evacuate Wallachia.

78th Bulletin of the Grand French Army.

Battle of Spanden.—On the 5th of June

the Russian army put itself in motion. Its

divisions on the right attacked the tete-dupont of Spandon, v. in C, Gen. Frere defendcd with the 27th regiment of light infantry. Twelve Raj, and Prussian regiments made several ineffectual attempts. Seven times did they renew the attack, but were as often repulsed. The 17th regiment of dragoons charged the enemy immediately . after the last assault, and forced them to abandon the field of battle. Thus, during a whole day, two divisions attacked without success a single regiment, which, it must be admitted, was entrenched.—The Prince of Ponte Corvo, in visiting the entrenchments during the intervals of attack, received a slight wound, which will take him from his command fifteen days. Our loss in this affair was trifling. The enemy lost 1200 men, and a number of wounded. Battle of Lonnitten.—Two Russian di. visions belonging to the centre attacked at the same time the tele-du-pont of Lomitten. Gen. Feury's brigade (part of Marshal Soult's corps) defended the tote-du-pont. The Russian general was killed, along with 1100 men; 100 were taken, and a great many wounded. We had 120 men killed and wounded.—During this period, the Russian Commander in Chief, with the Grand Duke Constantine, the imperial guard, and three divisions, attacked the positions of Marshal Ney, at Aliziozen, Gutstadt, and Volsdorff. The enemy were every where repulsed; but when Marshal Ney perceived that the force opposed to him exceeded forty thousand nnen, he obeyed his orders, and conduct, d his corps to Ackendorff. Battie of Deppen—On the following day, the enemy attacked the 6th corps in its position at Deppen, on the Passarge. They were repulsed. The manoeuvres of Marshal Soult, his intrepidity, which he imparted to all his troops, the abilities displayed in this situation by the General of Division Marchand, and his officers, merit the highest eulogiums. The enemy acknowledges having lost this day 2000 killed, and more than 3C00 wounded. Our loss was 180 killed, 200 wounded, and 250 taken. The latter were for the most part taken by the Cossacks, who, on the morning of the attack, had got into the rear of the army. Battle of June 8.—The Emperor arrived at Marshal Ney's camp, at Deppen, on the 8th. He immediately gave the necessary orders. The 4th corps marched to Wolfsdorff, where meeting the Russian division of Kamenski, which was on its way to rejoin the main body, the 4th corps attacked it, deprived it of between 4 and 500 men, made 150 prisoners, and in the evening took its

position at Altzirken.—At the same moment the Emperor advanced to Guttstadt with the corps of Marshal Ney and sannes, his goard and the cavalry of reserve. Part of the rear-guard of the enemy, comprising 10 oxo cavalry and 15,000 infantry, took a position at Gottan, and attempted to dispute the way. The Grand Đuke of Berg, after some very skilful mandeuvres, drove the enemy from all their positions—The light brigades of cavalry under Generals Togol, Bruyeres, and Durosnel, and the division of the heir y cavalry under Gen. Nansouty, triumphed over all the efforts of the enemy. In the evening at S o'clock we entered Guttstadt by main force: 1000 prisoners, all the positions in advance of Guttstadt, and the redoubts of the infantry, were the results of this day. The regiments of cavalry of the Swiss guard suffered more than any of the rest. - - -

Battle of June 10–On the 10th the army moved towards Heilsberg. It took several of the enemy's camps. About a quarter of a league beyond these camps, the enemy shewed himself in a position. He had between 15 and 18,000 cavalry, and several

lines of infantry. The cuirassiers of the division d'Espagne, the division of Latour, Mabourg's dragoons, and the brigade of light cavalry, inade several charges, 21.d gained ground. At 2 o'clock the corps under Morshal Soult was formed. Two divisions marched to the right, while the division of Lagrande marched to the left, to seize on the extremity of a wood, the occupation of which was necessary, in order to support the left of the cavalry, and made various efforts to maintain themselves in the positions before Heilsberg. More than 60 pieces of cannon scattered death in supporting the enemy's columns, which our divisions nevertheless repulsed, with the most unexampled intrepidity and the characteristic impetuosity of the French. Several Russian divisions were routed, and at 9 in the evening, we found ourselves under the enemy's entrenchments, The fusileers of the guard commandel by Gen. Savary were put in motion to sustain the division of Verdier; and some of the corps of infantry of the reserve, under Marshal Lannes, were engaged, it being already night fall; they attacked the enemy with the view of cutting off his communisation with Lansberg, and succeeded completely.—The ardour of the troops was such, that several companies of the infantry of the line insulted the entreuched works of the Russians. Some brave men met their death in the ditches of the redoubts at the foot of the Palisades.--The Emperor passed the 11th

o: the field of battle. He there arranged the corps of the army and the divisions, preparatory to a decisive action, such a one as should put an end to the war. The whole of the Russian army was collected.—The Hussian magazines were at Heilsberg. The Russians occupied a fine position, which nature had rendered very strong, and which they encreased by the labour of 4 months ---. At 4 in the asternoon, the Emperor ordered Marshal Davatist to change his front. and push forward his left; this movement brought him upon the Lower Alie, and completely blocked up the road from Eylau. —Every corps of the army had its post assigned to it; they were all re-assembled, the first corps excepted, which continued upon the Lower Passarge.——Thus the Russians, who were the first to begin the battle, found themselves shut up in their entrenched camp, and were compelled to give battle in the position they had chosen themselves. It was for a long time believed th:y would make an attack on the 11th. At the moment when the French were making their dispositions, the Russians showed themselves, ronged in columns, in the midst of their contrenchments, fortified with numerous batteries.— But whether those entrenchments did not appear sufficiently formidable, after viewing the preparations which they saw before them : or whether the impetuosity which the French army had shown on the 10th, had an effect upon them, they began to pass the Alle at 10 o'clock at night, abandoning the whole country to the lett, and leaving to the disposal of the conqueror, their wounded, their magazines, and their entrenchments, the result of long and painful labour. —On the 12th, at day-break, all the corps of the army were in motion, and took different directions.—The houses of Heilsberg and its neighbourhood are filled with wounded Russians. The result of the different affairs from the 5th to the 12th has deprived the Russian army of about 30 oCo fighting men. They have left between 3 and 4000 prisoners in or hands; 7 or 9 pair of cohours, and 9 pieces of cannou. According to the reports of the prisoners several of the most eminent Russian genera's have been killed or wounded.—Our loss amounted to 6 or 700 killed 2000, or 2,200 wounded, and 300 prisoners. The General of Division Espanne was wounded. Gen Roussol, chief of the staff of the guard, had his head carried away by a cannon ball.--—The Grand Duke of Berg had two horses killed under him. M. Segur, one of his aids de-canop, lost an arm. M. Laureth, Marshal Soult's aid-de-camp, was wouaded. A. Lagrange,

r

[graphic]

Col. of the 7th regiment of horse chasseurs, was killed. The detailed reports will communicate particular acts of bravery, and the . names of those who were wounded in the memorable battle of June 10–Several thousand quintals of grain, and a great quantity of different kinds of provisions, have been found in the magazines of Heilsberg.

79th Bulletin of the Grand French Army.

Wehlau, June 17. The action of Spandau and Lomitten, the battles of Gutstadt and Heilsberg were only the precursors of still more important events—On the 12th, at 4 in the morning, the French array entered Heilsberg. Gen. Latour Maubourg pursued the enemy-with his division of dragoons, and Generals Duronsel and Wattiers' brigade of light cavalry, to the right bank of the Alle, near Bartenstein. In the mean time the light corps advanced in various directions, in order to pass the enemy to cut off his retreat to Koningsberg, and get between him and his magazines. Fortune favoured the execution of this plan.—On the 12th, at 5 o'clock P. M. the imperial head. quarters arrived at Eylau. Here the fields were no longer covered with ice and snow ; on the contrary, they presented one of the most beautiful scenes in nature. The country was every where adorned by beautiful woods, intersected by lakes, and animated by

handsome villages —On the 13th, the Grand

Duke of Berg advanced towards Koningsberg with his cavalry, Marshal Davoust followed to support him. Marshal Soult advanced towards Creutzburg; Marshal Lannes towards Demnau; Marshals Ney and Mortier towards Lampasch. --—Meanwhile Gen Latour Maubourg wrote that he had pursued the enemy's rear guard; that the Russians had abandoned a great number of wounded in their flight; that they had eva

cuated Bartenstein, and that they had direct ed their retreat on Schippenheil on the right bank of the Alle.—The Emperor immediately proceeded towards Friedland. He ordered the Grand Duke of Berg, Marshals Soult and Davoust, to manoeuvre against Koningsberg, while he advanced with the corps of Ney, Lannes, Mortier, the imperial guard, and the first corps, commanded by Gen. Victor, on Friedland.—On the 13th, the 9th regiment of hussars entered Friedland, but was driven out of that place by 3009 of the ene my's cavalry.—On the 14th the enemy advanced on the bridge of Friedland, and at 3 in the morning a cannonade was heard. “It

is a fortunate day,” said the Emperor; “it is the anniversary of the battle of Marengo." —Marshals Lannes and Mortier were first engaged, they were supported by Gen. Grouchy's dragoons, and by Gen. Nansouty's cuirassiers. Several movements and actions took place. The enemy were stopped and could not pass the village of Postenheim. Imagining that they had only a corps of about 15,000 men opposed to them, they followed the movements of our troops towards Koningsberg; thus the French and Saxon dragoons and cuirassiers had the opportunity of making a brilliant attack, and of taking 4 pieces of cannon.—By 5 in the evening the several corps were at their appointed stations. Marshal Ney was on the ght wing, Marshal Lannes in the centre. Marshal Mortier on the left wing; the corps of Gen. Victor and the guards formed the reserve.— The cavalry under the command of Gen. Grouchy supported the left wing—The division of dragoons of Gen. Latour Maubourg was behind the right wing as a reserve. Gen. Lahousayes' division of dragoons, and the Saxon cuirassiers, formed a reserve for the centre —Meanwhile the enemy deployed the whole of his army. His left wing extended to the town of Friedland, and his right wing a mile and a half in the other direction.— The Emperor having reconnoitred the position, instantly determined to take the town of Friedland. Then suddenly changing his front, and advancing his right, he commenced the attack with the first part of that wing. (To be continued.)

C () B H. F., T 'I' S Parliamentary History op

ENG LAN D,

-From the Norman Conquest in 1066, to the Year 1803. From which last mentioned period it is continued downwards in the work entitled “ Cobbett's Parliamentary “ Debates.” *...* The Second Volume of the above Work, comprising the Period from the Accession of Charles the First in 1625, to the Battle of Edge-hill in 1642, is ready for delivery. Published by R. Bag: shaw, Brydges Street, Covent Garden; an sold also by J. Budd, Pall Mall, and by all the Booksellers and Newsmen in the Unit Kingdom.—Of whom may be had Comple” Sets of “Copp ETT's PAR liasie NTARY Do" “ BATEs," from the commencement in to the present time.

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Printed by Cox and Bayo, No. 75, Great queen Street, and published by R. Bagshaw, Brydges Strec, Covent Garden, where former Numbels may be had sold also by J. Build, Crown and Mitre, Pali Mall.

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

“At midnight, on the 5th of November, the anniversary cf. that day which lives in the remembrance of “every Englishman, the Emperor of Russia and the King of Prussia, swore on the tomb of the Great

* Frederick, in the church at Potsdam, that they would remain faithful to each other, and to the cause in

“ which they were engaged. Oh! young and noble-minded and high-spirited monarchs may the spirit

[ocr errors]

* peror of Russia of being. . . . . .

‘ and wisdom of that monarch, over whose blessed tomb your vows were exchanged, animate your coun‘ cils and invigorate your arms in so just a cause !” – Cou R1E a newspaper, 18th November, 1805. * “But it is fit, that it should be publicly known, that the charge against the king of Prussia and the Em

... has been made solely by the Opposition 3

“ that it is utterly detested, disclaimed, and disowned by the English government (Pitt was in place), who “respect, because they know, the characters of the two sovereigns; who know them to be uncapable of “deceit or falslood, and who place the firmest reliance upon their integrity and their honour.”—Courten

newspaper, 2d December, 1805.

193]
SUMMARY OF POLITICS.

Peace between FRANCE AND PRUssia. —The treaty between these two powers, which will be found in a subsequent page of this sheet, has certainly surprised nobody but fools; for it was quite impossible, that any man of sound common sense and com: món information should have anticipated any other result of a war between powers, such and so situated, as were the parties to this treaty. To descant upon the present state of the Prussian king and his power would be useless. It must be obvious to all the world that he is now a king merely in name, and for the sole convenience (perhaps a temporary one) of the conqueror. As to the effects of this change upon the welfare of Europe in general, and of the people of the Prussian states, late as well as present, in particular, there may be a wide difference of opinion; for, while some persons will see nothing but cause of lamentation in the change; rothing but fallen monarchy, prin. cesses (so virtuous as to defy all “delicate investigation") in tears, and “the best of princes," the “ fathers of their people,” either killed or become mere tools or vagabonds, the bonds of “regular government, social order, and our holy religion” being all dissolved : while some persons will have their minds filled with this gloomy picture, others there may be, who, taking a wider view of things, may be led to ask, whether the people, the millions of human beings formerly governed by those princes, will how be worse off than they were before; whether, in these conflicts amongst their rulers, in these wars for who shall be their masters, they may not have obtained some little consequence in the scale of existence; ańd whether, if they have experienced only a change in their immediate masters, their Parish aud village despots, whose grasp was

- [194 screwed to the highest possible pitch, that change alone ought not to be regarded as a sufficient counterbalance for all the evils which their rulers have endured, or can ever endure. If men are doomed to have despotić masters, if they are to have neither security of property nor personal liberty; if they are to be slaves, it is little matter to whom they are slaves. Viewing Europe, after the manner of some persons, as consisting of a cer. tain number of states, belonging to certain individuals, who own them, and the people of them, as men own farms and manors and the cattle and game thereon; viewing Europe in this light, we must naturally lament to see such a disturbance of property as Napoleon has occasioned; but, viewing thé people of Europe as we still view, or affect to view otirselves, we must, before we lament the changes that have taken place, ascertain that those changes have produced an effect injurious to the people; and, this, I believe, it would be very difficult for us to ascertain.—The wise men, who, for our sins, are deputed to conduct the hireling press of the metropolis, seem to be utterly astonished, that the “magnanimous Alexander,” should have received from Buonaparté a compensation for the expences of the war in the territories of the ally, whom he had “so generously stepped forward to assist “ and protect;” and, it must be confessed, that this conduct on the part of “the magnanimous Alexander” does not very well agree with his high-sounding proclamations and declarations. But, where is the ground of astonishment? Who but fools expected anything else? and who but knaves affected to believe anything else? The strains of the newspapers, upon this subject, are doleful beyond description, and yet, certainly not more doleful than foolish. The Morning Post, never the hindmost in solly, observes: G

“With respect to Russia, we regret to say,

[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

that so far as that power is comprehended in the provisions of the treaty with Prussia, there is presented to the world another disgusting instance of the prevalence of the spirit of plunder and spoliation, over those of genuine integrity and pure honour. The Emperor Alexander, atter a solemn exchange of oaths, after the most sacred and repeated pledges of support, without any sacrifice of territory on his part, and, therefore without any claim to indemnification, not only abandons his late associate, to the whole vengeance of the enemy, but profits himself by the punishinent inflicted,” shares in the spoil, and strips his unfortunate friend and ally of part of his sad remains. For

a few hundred miles of territory and a

few hundred thousands of inhabitants he forfeits his character as a man, and gives up his honour as a prince. What Buonaparté took from Prussia, he took by the sword; what Alexander has received constituted part of the possessions which, but a few days before, he was endeavouring to preserve for Prussia, with the whole strength of his empire 1 May we be permitted to hope, that the hitherto magnanimous character of Alexander will not be still further degraded by his acquies

cence in the hostile views of Buonapartà

against Great Britain : The submission of Prussia to the conditions injurious to our commerce, was, in her reduced situation, a matter of unavoidable necessity; she was obliged to accept such terms as a rude conqueror thought proper to dictate; but for the honour and character of the Emperor Alexander, who still continues to hold a commanding situation in Europe, we hope and trust he will not be induced to lend himself to such unworthy purposes, or consent to become an instrument of oppression in the hands of the most unprincipled tyrant with which, perhaps, the earth has ever been cursed.” Yes :

[blocks in formation]

cry of prison and of pillory, against the CössTANT: READER" of the Herald (See

al
; :

- Iristorints, 44
o

So

so

Reg. Vol. VIII. p. 882) Now, who was right? Who was best informed 2 Who was the best judge of human nature as operating upon the affairs of nations 2 And who is it, that this country has to curse for its ruinous delusion?—But, what emboldens you now to attack “our angust ally" after this sort; for our ally the Emperor of Russia still is, say what you will of him : And how dare you libel him ; for, as you well know, truth, though, for once you may have spoken it, is a libel How dare you libel “our august aliy 3" How dare you speak of him in such rascally terms ? Is this the way you support “regular government, social order, “ and our holy religion ?" To be sure the Emperor of Russia is a sort of Catholic; but, then, you said, that he was the most brave and faithful personage in the whole world; and now you abuse him. Will the l{ussian Ambassador bear this ; You reviled Mr. Windham for doubting whether the

Russian nation was fit to cope with the

French nation; and now you lay foul of the head of this same Russian nation. The fact is, I believe, you now perceive, that the Emperor of Russia can do no more of what you simply enough thought he was doing for us; and, as he can no longer serve your turn, you are ready to revile him as much as you before reviled those who foretold what has now happened. The language of the Courier, that other sapient guide of this sapient nation, is less abusive than that of the Morning Post, but not at all less foolish : “ This “ treaty,” says he, “ with Prussia is remarkable for a principle by which Buona. parté hopes to give a mortal shock and blow to all coalitions. He has made ally prey upon ally, given part of the territories of Prussia to Russia, and thus consummar ted her misery and humiliation by making “, her the victim both of friend and foe. In “ the article of the treaty (the 18th) by which part of Prussian Poland is to be given to Russia, it is endeavoured to be

[ocr errors]
[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]
[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]
« ZurückWeiter »