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FROM JULY TO-DECEMBER, 1825.
(BEING THE EIGHTEENTH OF A NEW SERIES.)
PART THE SECOND.
PRODESSE & DELECTARE.
E PLURIBUS UNUM.
By SYLVANUS URBAN, GENT.
PRINTED BY JOHN NICHOLS AND SON, 23, PARLIAMENT-STREET ;
AND SOLD BY JOHN HARRIS,
AND BY PERTHES AND BESSER, HAMBUROH.
ON COMPLETING HIS Xcyth VOLUME.
HAIL, veteran Sage! whose years have reach'd the span
Through London's streets when sounds of mourning past
And see where follows, in procession slow,
C. A. WHEELWRIGHT.
• Ps. xc. verse 10. + “On the religion of the Druids,” part i. p. 7. * Lettor on the Plaguo, part i. p. 813. Š «London Pageants,” part i. p.31.
II Part ii. p. 113. I Exod. xii. 23.
THIS is our Ninety-fifth Annual Address. In the short period of four years the Gentleman's Magazine will enter the second centenary of its existence. Amidst all the changes which have transpired in the literary world, during this extended period, the venerable Sylvanus has pursued the same even tenor of his way. Whilst rivalry of the most powerful character has constantly appeared in the literary arena, and contemporary Publications innumerable have been driven from the field, Sylvanus Urban has stood immoveable as towering Atlas, when warring elements play around his head, and foaming oceans break their billows at his feet.
The Literature of England was perhaps never more varied, or more extensively diffused, than during the past year. It was once considered necessary for a person to be a Student before he became an Author; but now all such preliminary steps are considered superfluous, if we are to judge from the melange of professions with which Authorship is crowded. Every individual who can scribble a paragraph, assumes the character of an Author, Compiler, or Editor: this probably accounts for the ephemeral inundation of cheap periodical or twopenny works of the early part of the current year; and perhaps for the countless volumes of useless trash with which we have been deluged. From the Army, we have two gallant Colonels directing editorial assaults on each other, in the columns of their own weekly journals. From the Navy, we have a Purser standing forth as the high-priest of modern Hellenistic learning, and a Lieutenant emblazoning the columns of every newspaper, as the oracle of Booksellers in biographical and genealogical lore,- tenet insanabile multos scribendi cacoëthes. - In the new Literary Institutions, every individual who imagines himself capable of giving an opinion on any department of literature, assumes the important office of a Lecturer. Thus one offers to enlighten the world on Heraldryanother on Topography—and a third, assuming the title of Doctor, to teach Latin by lecturing ! risum teneatis. But what is still more extraordinary, if we are to rely on the statements of the Hamiltonian Professors, the learned languages are taught, as it were, by a steam-engine power, without the necessity of the teacher understanding them himself !
The political horizon of Europe, fortunately, was never more auspicious than at the present time; but on the Continent, however, there appears a constant fermentation in every department of literature-a perpetual struggle with Governments and the pressand in many instances native talent is paralyzed. Two grand parties possess the field—one supporting the old monarchical principles of the Monkish ages, and the other advocating liberal ideas and the march of the human intellect. Under the latter, which is the popular banner, we find America, England, the Netherlands, and the great mass of Germany. France (says the Courier Francais)