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PREFACE. vii

use of "Washington's Writings," as published by Mr. Sparks; a careful collation of many of which with the originals having convinced me of the general correctness of the collection, and of the safety with which it may be relied upon for historical purposes; and I am happy to bear this testimony to the essential accuracy of one whom I consider among the greatest benefactors to our national literature; and to whose writings and researches I acknowledge myself largely indebted throughout my work.

W. I

Sunny side, 1855.

CONTENTS OF VOLUME L

CHAPTER L

Genealogy of the Washington Family ----- 1

CHAPTER II.

The Home of "Washington's Boyhood—His early Education—Law-

rence Washington and his Campaign in the West Indies—Death

of Washington's Father—The widowed Mother and her Children

—School Exercises -------14

CHAPTER m.

Paternal conduct of an Elder Brother—The Fairfax Family—

Washington's Code of Morals and Manners—Soldiers' Tales—

Their Influence—Washington prepares for the Navy—A Mother's

Objections—Eeturn to School—Studies and Exercises—A School-

boy Passion — The Lowland Beauty — Love Ditties at Mount

Vernon—Visit to Belvoir—Lord Fairfax—His Character—Fox-

hunting a Remedy for Love—Proposition for a Surveying Expe-

dition ---------Id

CHAPTER IV.

Expedition beyond the Blue Ridge—The Valley of the Shenandoah

—Lord Halifax—Lodge in the Wilderness—Surveying—Life in

the Backwoods—Indians—War Dance—German Settlers—Re-

turn Home—Washington as Publio Surveyor—Sojourn at Green-

way Court—Horses, Hounds, and Books—Rugged Experience

among the Mountains - - - - - -27

CHAPTER V.

English and French Claims to the Ohio Valley—Wild State of the

Country—Projects of Settlements—The Ohio Company—En-

lightened Views of Lawrence Washington—French Rivalry—

Celeron de Bienville—His Signs of Occupation—Hugh Crawford

—George Croghan, a Veteran Trader, and Montour, his Inter-

preter—Their Mission from Pennsylvania to the Ohio Tribes—

Christopher Gist, the Pioneer of the Yadkin—Agent of the Ohio

Company—His Expedition to the Frontier—Reprobate Traders

at Logstown—Negotiations with the Indians—Scenes in the Ohio

Country—Diplomacy at Piqua—Kegs of Brandy and Rolls of

Tobacco—Gist's Return across Kentucky—A Deserted Home—

French Scheme—Captain Joncaire, a Diplomat of the Wilderness

—His Speech at Logstown—The Indians' Land, "Where I" - 33
CHAPTER VI.

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