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Pounding of Fort Loudoun—Washington's Tour of Inspection—

Inefficiency of the Militia System—Gentlemen Soldiers—Cross-

Purposes with Dinwiddie—Military Affairs in the North—Delays

of Lord Loudoun—Activity of Montcalm—Loudoun in Winter

Quarters ________ 173


Washington vindicates his Conduct to Lord Loudoun—His Recep-

tion by his Lordship—Military Plans—Lord Loudoun at Halifax

—Montcalm on Lake George—His Triumphs—Lord Loudoun's

Failures—Washington at Winchester—Continued Misunderstand-

ings with Dinwiddie—Return to Mount Vernon _ 179


Washington recovers his Health—Again in Command at Fort Lou-

doun—Administration of Pitt—Loudoun succeeded by General

Abercrombie—Military Arrangements—Washington Commander-

in-Chief of the Virginia Forces—Amherst against Louisburg—

General Wolfe — Montgomery — Capture of Louisburg — Aber-

crombie on Lake George—Death of Lord Howe—Repulse of

Abercrombie—Success of Bradatreet at Oswego - 186


Slow Operations—Washington orders out the Militia—Mission to

Williamsburg—Halt at Mr. Chamberlayne's—Mrs. Martha Custis

—A brief Courtship—An Engagement—Return to Winchester—

The Rifle Dress—Indian Scouts—Washington elected to the

House of Burgesses—Tidings of Amherst's Success—The New

Road to Fort Duquesne—March for the Fort—Indiscreet Con-

duct of Major Grant — Disastrous Consequences—Washington

advances against Fort Duquesne—End of the Expedition—Wash-

ington returns Home—His Marriage - 194


Plan of Operations for 1759—Investment of Fort Niagara—Death

of Prideaux—Success of Sir William Johnson—Amherst at Ticon-

deroga—Wolfe at Quebec—His Triumph and Death—Fate of

Montcalm—Capitulation of Quebec—Attempt of De Levi to re-

take it—Arrival of a British Fleet—Last Stand of the French at

Montreal—Surrender of Canada _____ 205


Washington's Installation in the House of Burgesses—His Rural

Life—Mount Vernon and its Vicinity—Aristocratical Days of

Virginia—Washington's Management of his Estate—Domestic

Habits—Fox-hunting—Lord Fairfax—Fishing and Duck-shooting

—The Poacher—Lynch Law—Aquatic State—Life at Annapolis

—Washington in the Dismal Swamp - - - -218


Treaty of Peace—Pontiac's War—Course of Public Events—Board

of Trade against Paper Currency—Restrictive Policy of England

—Navigation Laws—Discontents in New England—Of the other

Colonies—Projects to raise Revenue by Taxation—Blow at the

Independence of the Judiciary—Naval Commanders employed as

Custom-House Officers—Retaliation of the Colonists—Taxation

resisted in Boston—Passing of the Stamp Act—Burst of Oppo-

sition in Virginia—Speech of Patrick Henry - - - 229


Washington's Ideas concerning the Stamp Act—Opposition to it in

the Colonies—Portentous Ceremonies at Boston and New York

—Non-Importation Agreement among the Merchants—Washing-

ton and George Mason—Dismissal of Grenville from the British

Cabinet—Franklin before the House of Commons—Repeal of the

Stamp Act— Joy of Washington—Fresh Causes of Colonial Dis-

sensions—Circular of the General Court of Massachusetts—Em-

barkation of Troops for Boston—Measures of the Bostonians - 237


Cheerful Life at Mount Vernon--Washington and George Mason—

Correspondence concerning the Non-importation Agreement—

Feeling toward England—Opening of the Legislative Session—

Semi-regal State of Lord Botetourt—High-toned Proceedings of

the House—Sympathy with New England—Dissolved by Lord

Botetourt—Washington and the Articles of Association - - 244


Hood at Boston—The General Court refuses to do Business under

Military Sway—Resists the Billeting Act—Effect of the Non-

Importation Association—Lord North promises—Duties revoked

except on Tea—The Boston Massacre—Disuse of Tea—Concilia-

tory Conduct of Lord Botetourt—His Death - 250


Expedition of Washington to the Ohio, in Behalf of Soldiers' Claims

—Uneasy State of the Frontier—Visit to Fort Pitt—George

Croghan—His Mishaps during Pontiac's War—Washington de-

scends the Ohio—Scenes and Adventures along the River—

Indian Hunting Camp—Interview with an old Sachem at the

Mouth of the Kenawha—Return—Claims of Stobo and Van

Braam—Letter to Colonel George Muse — - - - 254

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Infatuation in British Councils—Colonel Grant, the Braggart—

Coercive Measures—Expedition against the Military Magazine at

Concord—Battle of Lexington—The Cry of Blood through the

Land—Old Soldiers of the French War—John Stark—Israel

Putnam—Rising of the Yeomanry—Measures of Lord Dunmore

in Virginia—Indignation of the Virginians—Hugh Mercer and

the Friends of Liberty—Arrival of the News of Lexington at

Mount Vernon—Effect on Bryan Fairfax, Gates, and Washington 299


Enlisting of Troops in the East—Camp at Boston—General Artemas

Ward—Scheme to surprise Ticonderoga—New Hampshire Grants

.—Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys—Benedict Arnold

—Affair of Ticonderoga and Crown Point—A Dash at St. John's 308


Second Session of Congress—John Hancock—Petition to the King

—Federal Union—Military Measures—Debates about the Army

—Question as to Commander-in-Chief—Appointment of Wash-

ington—Other Appointments—Letters of Washington to his

Wife and Brother—Preparations for Departure - 314


More Troops arrive at Boston—Generals Howe, Burgoyne, and

Clinton—Proclamation of Gage—Nature of the American Army—

Scornful Conduct of the British Officers—Proj ect of the American

to seize upon Breed's Hill—Putnam's Opinion of it—Sanctioned

by Prescott—Nocturnal March of the Detachment—Fortifying

of Bunker's Hill—Break of Day, and Astonishment of the Enemy 321


Battle of Bunker's Hill ------- 329

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