Abbildungen der Seite

Mr. Hansard's occupation now became too incessant to admit of private printing, except such as could be procured in the dead time of the year, to keep his large establishment unbroken, in readiness for each ensuing session of parliament.

Among the combinations of workmen in the year 1805, the printing trade did not escape, and the standing order for the delivery of printed bills before their first reading, was deemed by the workmen a good opportunity to try an experiment of forcing a rise of wages in Mr. Hansard's printing office. The pressmen were put in front of the battle; twenty-four of them simultaneously left their work. Their master lost no time in seeking and finding unemployed men in the streets and stable-yards, and he was seen by more members of parliament than one in a working jacket, and, with bis sons, instructing these new men by precept and example. In the year 1807, his compositors, a more instructed sort of workmen, to the number of thirty, insisted upon restraining the introduction of new hands by apprenticeship, and upon their right (as was till then too commonly acquiesced in) to print as they pleased, according to the manuscript furnished to them; that is, in a diffuse manner. In House of Commons tablework (accounts and columns), this last alleged privilege would have been peculiarly expensive to the public, and Mr. Hansard withstood it accordingly. His door was never again opened to the mutineers, and no degree of personal inconvenience was regarded until tbey were replaced from the country and other adventitious resources.

In short, from the beginning of Mr. Hansard's official life, he established this rule for his conduct-To spare no cost or personal labour in attempting to perform the important duty entrusted to him, better, and CHEAPER, and MORE EXPEDITIOUSLY, than any other printing business is done in London.

Modern legislation even depends upon Mr. Hansard's exertions in printing and reprinting, with amendments and accuracy, the bills always pending in parliament, and always painfully urgent for dispatch, especially towards the end of each session. In fact, after having so long enjoyed the benefit of this man's wonderful activity, it is not conceivable how business could go on without him; certainly at a much slower rate, so that the House must always sit till August, or leave part of their business undone. But his two sons, James and Luke Graves Hansard, are trained in the same course of business ; and if even their father relaxes from his constitutional activity, or in case of his death (till when he will not willingly relax), they would give proof of the force of his precepts and of his example on them and on their numerous progeny.

15.–SAINT SWITHIN. Swithin flourished in the ninth century. He was appointed Bishop of Winchester in 852, and died in 863. 19. 1821. -KING GEORGE IV CROWNED. The above Crown, with the following cuts constitute the principal Regalia used on this occasion.

[graphic][ocr errors][graphic][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

(1.) The orb, mound or globe, which is put into his Majesty's right hand, immediately before he is crowned, and which he bears in his left hand upon his return to Westminster Hall, is a ball of gold, six inches in diameter, encompassed with a fillet of gold, embellished with roses of diamonds, encircling other precious stones.-(2.) The King's coronation ring, is a plain gold ring, with a large table ruby violet, in wbich a plain cross of St. George is curiously enchased.

[blocks in formation]

(1.) Saint Edward's staff, 4 feet 7 inches in length, is a staff or sceptre of gold, with a pike of steel at the end, and a mound and cross at the top:-(2.). The king's sceptre with the dove, is of gold ; in length, 3 feei 7 inches : it is ornamented with diamonds and precious stones.-(3.) The sceptre royal, is also of gold; it is 2 feet of inches in length, and is enriched with rubies, emeralds, and small diamonds.-(4.) Swords borne before the King.

Some interesting particulars of this august ceremony will be found in T.T. for 1822, pp. 194-206, and in T. T. for 1824, p. 191.

20,- SAINT MARGARET. 1. Margaret was born at Antioch. She was first tortured, and then beheaded, in the year 278.


CANTERBURY DIED. He was a branch of the ducal family of Manners, descendants from the sister of King Edward the Fourth; and was grandson to John, the eleventh Earl, and third Duke of Rutland. His father, Lord George Sutton-so called from a family alliance with Bridget, only daughter of Robert Sutton, Lord Lexington-married in the year 1749, Diana, daughter of Thomas Chaplain, of Blankley, in the County Palatine of Lancaster, Esq. Charles, his fourth son, the subject of this sketch, was born on the 17th of February, 1755. He was educated at the Charter House, whence he removed to Emanuel College, Cambridge; where, in 1777, we find him one of the triposes, on which occasion he took the degree of A.B. He afterwards proceeded to D.D., and soon obtained ecclesiastical preferment. After holding several livings in succession, he was made Dean of Peterborough, in 1791. On the death of Dr. Horne, in 1792, he was elevated to the see of Norwich; when he relinquished his other livings, and, in lieu thereof, accepted the Deanery of Windsor. Dr. Sutton's residence at Windsor introduced him particularly to the late King, which led him to a just estimate of the merits of the new Dean. Dr. Sutton had married, as far back as the 3d of April, 1778, Mary, the daughter of Thomas Thorston, Esq.; and this lady was honoured with the friendship of her Majesty, Queen Charlotte. On the death of Dr. Moore, Archbishop of Canterbury, in 1805, there were three competitors to succeed him :-Dr. Tomline, supported by Mr. Pitt; Dr. Stuart, who claimed on a promise made to bim when he accepted the see of Armagh; and Dr. Sutton, enjoying the especial favour of the King. His Majesty's congé d'élire having been issued, Dr. Sutton was duly elected on the 12th of February, and confirmed on the 21st, when he was also nominated a member of the Privy Council, Dr.

Sutton was a man of mild but imposing presence. His voice was full and tuneable; his elocution distinct and unaffected ; bis arguments well weighed; his words well chosen; his manner grave and simple; his learning accurate; his knowledge comprehensive; and his judgment sound. He spoke fluently and impressively on most subjects, even on those which might have appeared most averse from his general course of study.' He had a family of thirteen children, all of whom, with two exceptions, have been females. His eldest son, the Right Hon. CHARLES MANNERS SUTTON, is the Speaker of the House of Commons. His Grace's eldest daughter was married, in 1806, to the Rev. Hugh Percy, D.D. Bishop of Carlisle, the third son of Algernon, Earl of Beverley, His Grace's fourth daughter was married, in 1812, to the Rev. Dr. Croft, Archdeacon of Canterbury.

22.-MARY MAGDALEN. This day was first dedicated to the memory of Mary Magdalen by Edward VI. *24. 1827.-ASCENT TO THE SUMMIT OF MONT

BLANC. The following narrative of this ascent, which was performed by Mr. CHARLES FELLOWES and Mr. WM. HAWES, is detailed in a letter from Mr. Fellowes to a friend in London; and affords a vivid picture of the fatigues and dangers attending this perilous undertaking

We arrived at Chamouni on the evening of the 23d of July. From this place we had long meditated an attempt to reach the summit of Mont Blanc, and, on our arrival, we lost no time in making known our intention to the head guides, in order to arrange for an immediate ascent. They tried to dissuade us from the undertaking, representing its extreme danger, and pointing out several of the guides, and others, who had, unfortuDately, been much maimed by accidents, in similar attempts. They also strongly urged delay, wishing to observe the effect of the change of the moon on the weather, which was to take place the following morning; but, finding the barometer remained steady, and seeing every sign of a continuance of fine weather, we resolutely determined on our plan, and fixed eight o'clock next


« ZurückWeiter »