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port of the four lords, which my "Windsor Castle, April 30, 1796. innocence of all offence most justly “ Madam,-As lord Cholmondeentitled me to receive.

ley informs me that you wish I Whatever opinion however may would define, in writing, the terms be formed upon any part of my upon which we are to live, I shall conduct, it must in justice be form- endeavour to explain myself upon ed, with reference to the situation that head, with as much clearness, in which I was placed; if I am and with as much propriety, as the judged of as princess of Wales, nature of the subject will admit

. with reference to the high rank of Our inclinations are not in our that station, I must be judged as power, nor should either of us be princess of Wales, banished from held answerable to the other, bethe prince, unprotected by the sup cause nature has not made us suitport and the countenance, which, able to each other. Tranquil and belong to that station ; and if I am comfortable society is, however, in judged of in my private character, our power ; let our intercourse, as a married woman, I must be therefore, be restricted to that, and I judged of as a wife banished from will distinctly subscribe to the conher husband, and living in a widow. dition which you required, through ed seclusion from him, and retire- lady Cholmondeley, that even in the ment from the world. This last event of any accident happening to consideration leads me to recur to my daughter, which I trust Provi. an expression in Mrs. Lisle's exami- dence in its


will avert, I nation, which describes my con- shall not infringe the terms of the duct, in the frequency and the restriction by proposing at any pemanner of my receiving the visits riod, a connection of a more parti. of captain Manby, though always cular nature. I shall now finally close in the presence of my ladies, as un- this disagreeable correspondence, becoming a married woman. Upon trusting that, as we have completely the extreme injustice of setting up explained ourselves to each other, the opinion of one woman, as it the rest of our lives will be passed were, in judgment upon the cone in uninterrupted tranquillity. duct of another; as well as of esti I am, madam, with great truth, mating the conduct of a person in Very sincerely yours, my unfortunate situation, by refe

(Signed) “ĠEORGE P.” rence to that, which might in gene. And that to this letter I sent the ral be expected from a married following answer: woman living happily with her

May 6, 1796. husband, I have before generally “ The avowal of your conversaremarked: but beyond these gene. tion with lord Cholmondeley neither ral remarks in forming any esti. surprises nor offends me. It merely mate of my conduct, your majesty contrmed what you have tacitly inwill never forget the very peculiar sinuated for this twelvemonth. But circumstances and misfortunes of after this, it would be a want of demy situation. Your majesty will licacy, or rather an unworthy meanremember that I had not been ness in me, were I to complain of much above a year in this country, those conditions which you impose when I received the following let- upon yourself. ter from his royal highness the « I should have returned no anprince of Wales :

swer to your letter, if it had not


been conceived in terms to make it refined delicacy. The crime, which doubtful, whether this arrangement has been insinuated against me, proceeds from you or from me, would be equally criminal and deand you are aware that the credit testable; the indelicacy imputed to of it belongs to you alone. me would be equally odious and

“ The letter which you announce abominable, whatever renunciation to me as the last, obliges me to of conjugal authority and affection, communicate to the king, as to my the above letter of his royal highsovereign and my father, both your ness might in any construction of avowal and my answer. You will it be supposed to have conveyed. find enclosed the copy of my letter Such crimes, and faults, derive not to the king. I apprize you of it, their guilt from the consideration that I may not incur the slightest of the conjugal virtues of the indireproach of duplicity from you, vidual, who may be the most in. As I have at this moment no pro-! jured by them, however much such tector but his majesty, I refer my- virtues may aggravate their enorself solely to him upon this subject, mity. No such letter, therefore, and if my conduct meets his appro- in any construction of it, no renunbation, I shall be in some degree at ciation of conjugal affection or duleast consoled. I retain every sen- ties, could ever palliate them. But timent of gratitude for the situation whether conduct freefrom all crime, in which I find myself, as princess free from all indelicacy, (which I of Wales, enabled by your means, maintain to be the character of the to indulge in the free exercise of a conduct to which Mrs. Lisle's obvirtue dear to my heart, I mean servations apply,) yet possibly not charity.

so measured, as a cautious wife, “It will be my duty likewise to careful to avoid the slightest apact upon another motive, that of pearance, of not preferring her husgiving an example of patience and band to all the world, night be resignation under every trial. studious to observe; whether con

“Do me the justice to believe duct of such description, and posthat I shall never cease to pray for sibly, in such sense, not becoming a your happiness, and to be

married woman, could be justly “ Your much devoted

deemed, in my situation, an offence “ CAROLINE." in me; I must leave to your maThe date of his royal highness's jesty to determine. letter is the 30th of April, 1796. In making that determination, The date of our marriage, your however, it will not escape your majesty will recollect, is the 8th majesty to consider, that the conday of April, in the year 1795, and duct which does or does not be. that of the birth of our only child come a married woman materially the 7th of January, 1796.

depends upon what is, or is not, On the letter of his royal high- known by her to be agreeable to ness I offer no comment. I only her husband. His pleasure and entreat your majesty not to under. happiness ought unquestionably to stand me to introduce it, as afford. be her law; and his approbation ing any supposed justification or ex the most favourite object of her cuse, for the least departure from pursuit. Different characters of the strictest line of virtue, or the men require different modes of con. slightest deviation from the most duct in their wives; but when a wife





can no longer be capable of per- 1 should, in any instance, under the ceiving from time to time, what is influence of foreign habits, and foagreeable or offensive to her hus. reign education, have observed a band, when her conduct can no conduct, in any degree deviating longer contribute to his happiness, from the reserve and severity of no longer hope to be rewarded by British manners, and partaking of a his approbation, surely to examine condescension and familiarity which that conduct by the standard of that reserve and severity would, what ought, in general, to be the perhaps, deem beneath the dignity conduct of a married woman, is of my exalted rank, I feel confident, altogether unreasonable and unjust. (since such deviation will be seen

What then is my case? Your ma to have been ever consistent with jesty will do me the justice to re- perfect innocence), that not only mark, that, in the above letter of your majesty's candour and indulthe prince of Wales, there is not gence, but the candour and indul. the most distant surmise, that crime, gence, which, notwithstanding the that vice, that indelicacy of any reserve and severity of British mandescription, gave occasion to his ners, always belong to the British determination ; and all the tales of public, will never visit it with seveinfamy and discredit, which the in- rity or censure. ventive malice of my enemies has It remains for me now to make brought forward on these charges, some remarks upon the further con-. have their date, years, and years, tents of the paper, which was transafter the period to which I am now mitted to me by the lord chanceialluding. What then, let me re. lor, on the 28th ult. And I cannot, peat the question, is my case in passing, omit to remark, that After the receipt of the above let- that paper has neither title, date, ter, and in about two years from signature, nor attestation; and unmy arrival in this country, I had less the lord chancellor had accom. the misfortune entirely to lose the panied it with a note, stating, that support, the countenance, the pro it was copied in his own hand from tection of my husband I was ba- the original, which his lordship had nished, as it were, into a sort of received from your majesty,I should humble retirement, at a distance have been at a loss to have perceived from him, and almost estranged any single mark of authenticity befrom the whole of the royal family. longing to it; and as it is, I am I had no means of havirg recourse, wholly unable to discover what is either for society or advice, to those, the true character which does befrom whom my inexperience could long to it. It contains, indeed, the have best received the advantages, advice which your majesty's serof the one, and with whom I could, 'vants have offered to your majesty, most becomingly, have enjoyed the and the message which, according comforts of the other; and if in to that advice, your majesty dithis retired, unassisted, unprotected rected to be delivered to me. state, without the check of a hus. Considering it, therefore, wholly band's authority, without the be- as their act, your majesty will exnefit of his advice, without the cuse and pardon me, if, deeply incomfort and support of the society jured as I feel myself to have been of his family, a stranger to the by them, I express myself with freehabiis and fashions of this country, dom upon their conduct. I may


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speak, perhaps, with warmth, be. be made)-after having seen this cause I am provoked by a sense of William Cole, submitting to such gross injustice; I shall speak cer- repeated voluntary examinations "tainly with firmness and with cou- for such a purpose, and although rage, because I am emboldened by he was all that time a servant on a sense of conscious innocence. my establishment, and eating my

Your majesty's con&dential ser- bread, yet never once communivants say, “they agree in the opi. cating to 'me, that such examina. nions of the four lords," and they tions were going on-am I to insay this, “after the fullest conside. derstand, that your majesty's conration of my observations, and of fidential servants agree with the the affidavits which were annexed four lords, in thinking, that he canto them.” Some of these opinions, not, under such circumstances, be your majesty will recollect, are, suspecies of unfavourable lias? That that “ William Cole, Fanny Lloyd, after having had pointed out to Robert Bidgood, and Mrs. Lisle, them the direct, Ait contradiction are witnesses who cannot," in the between the same William Cole judgment of the four lords, “ be and Fanny Lloyd, they nevertheless suspected of any unfavourablebias;” agree to think them both (though and “whose veracity, in this respect, in direct contradiction to caci, other, they had seen no ground to ques- yet both) witnesses, whose veracity they · tion;" and "that the circumstances see ro ground to question ? After hav. to which they speal, particularly ing seen Fanny Lloyd directly and as relating to captain Manby, must positively contradicted, in an asserbe credited until they are decisively tion, most injurious to my honour, contradicted.” Am I then to un- by Mr. Mills and Mr. Edmeades, derstand your majesty's confiden- do they agree in opinion with the tial servants to mean, that they four noble lords, that they see no agree with the four noble lords in ground to question her veracity? --After these opinions? Am I to under- having read the observations on Mr. stand, that after having read, with Didgood's evidence; after having the fullest consideration, the obser- seen, that he had the hardihood to vations which I have offered to swear, that he believed captain your majesty ; after having scen Manby slept in my house, at SouthWilliam Cole there proved to have end, and to insinuate that he slept submitted himself, five times at in my bed-room; after having seen least, to private, unauthorized, vo that he founded himself on this most luntary examination by sir John false fiict, and most foul and wicked Douglas's solicitor, for the express insinuation, upon the circumstance purpose of confirming the statement of observing a bason and some of lady Douglas, (of that lady towels where he thought they ought Douglas, whose statement and de- not to be placed ; after having seen position they are convinced to be so that this fact, and this insinuation, malicious and false, that they pro- were disproved before the four noble pose to institute such prosecution lords themselves, by two maid-seragainst her, as your majesty's law vants, who, at that time, lived with officers may advise, upon a refe- me at Southend, and whose duties rence, now at length, after six about my person, and my aparte. months from the detection of that ments, must have made them acmalice and falsehood, intended to quainted with this fact, as asserted,

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br as insinuated, if it had lrappened; noble lords in their opinion, though after having observed too, in confiso they cannot, it seems, go the length mation of their testimony, that one of agreeing any longer to withhold of them mentioned the name of the advice, which restores me to another female servant (who was your majesty's presence? And with not examined), who had, from her respect to the particulars to my situation, equal means of knowledge prejudice, remarked upon in the re. with themselves--I ask whether, port as those " which justly deserve after all this decisive weight of con. the most serious consideration, and tradiction to Robert Bidgood's tes- which must be credited till decisivetimony, I am to understand your ly contradicted,” instead of fairly majesty's confidential servants to avowing, either that there was ariagree with the four noble lords in ginally no pretence for such a re, thinking, that Mr. Bidgood is a mark, or that, if there had been witness, who cannot be suspected of un- originally, yet that my answer had favourable bias, and that there is no given toat' decisive contradiction ground to question his veracity? If, which was sufficient to discredit sire, I were to go through all the them; instead, I say, of acting this remarks of this description, which just, honest, and open part, to take occur to me to make, I should be no notice whatsoever of those conobliged to repeat nearly all my tradictions, and content themselves former observations, and to make with saying, that “none of the this letter as long as my original 'facts or allegations stated in pielianswer; but to that answer I confi. minary examinations, carried on in dently appeal, and I will venture the absence of the parties interested, to challenge your majesty's confi- could be considered as legally cr dential servants to find a single im- conclusively established ?". partial, and honourable man, un. They agree in the opinion that connected in feeling and interest the facts or allegations, though with the parties, and unconnected stated in preliminary examination, in council, with those who have carried on in the absence of the already pledged themselves to an parties interested, must be credited opinion upon this subject, who will till decisively contradicted, and deserve lay his hand upon his heart, and the most serious consideration. They say that these three witnesses, on read, with the fullest consideration, whom that report so mainly relies, the contradiction which I have tenare not to be suspected of the grosso dered to them; they must have est partiality, and that their vera known, that no other sort of con. city is not most fundamentally im. tradiction could, by possibility, from peached.

the nature of things, have been of Was it then noble, was it gene- fered upon such subjects; they do roos, was it manly, was it just, in not question the truth; they do not your majesty's confidential servants, point out the insufficiency of the instead of fairly admitting the in- contradiction, but in loose, general, justice, which had been, inadvert. indefinite terms, referring to my ently, and unintentionally, no doubt, answer, consisting, as it does, of done to me, by the four noble lords above two hundred written pages, in their report, upon the evidence of and coupling it with those examinathese witnesses, to state to your ma- tions (which they admit establish jesty, that they agree with these nothing against an absent party),


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