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naparte, on his part, complained amounted to 75,000 men.

The that the armistice was not iaithfully emperor also directed his attention kept by the allies; this complaint very closely and successfully to rearose from a circumstance which organise his arn:y; while the king augured fatally for his future suc of Prussia contributed as much to cess; for the landwehr of Prussia, the common cause as the exhausted and even all the inhabitants who state of liis country and of his ficould procure any kind of arms, nances would allow. Bonaparte notwithstanding the suspension of was equally active: opposite to the hostilities, were continually attack. main army of the allies, he had ing and harassing the French, and collected nearly 130,000 men: this in many cases captured their supe probably out-numbered their force; plies of stores and provisions, and butin other parts of Germany.thebel. rendered precarious and difficult ligerent powers were more equally their communication with France. poised. Oudinot was kept in check

It was soon evident that, from by Von Bulow : the crown prince whatever motive the belligerent of Sweden hitherto had done little powers agreed to the armistice, or nothing; but by the position they had no expectation it would which he occupied in Pomerania, lead to peace; each party exerting and by the communication which itself to the utmost to recruit and he kept up with the armies in reinforce their army. The com- Mecklenburgh, under the comparatively small numbers of the mand of Tettenborn and Walmoallies in the battle of Bautzen have den, he was able to keep in check, been already noticed: during the if not actively to oppose, the troops suspension of hostilities, the em- under Davoust and Dumonceau, peror Alexander ordered fresh and the Danes. Such were the troops to be brought across the force and position of the respective Vistula, so that in a short time the parties at the conclusion of the arreinforcements that joined the al- mistice. lied army from Russia alone,

CHAP

CHAPTER XXI.

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Prolongation of the Armistice-Proclamation of the King of Prussia on the

Subject-Congress proposed to be held at Prague Terms of Peace proposed ly the Emperor of Austria-rejected by Bonaparte-the Austrian Declaration of War-long concealed from the French Nation - Cortespondence between the French and Austrian Ministers— Remarks on it, Facts established by it-first, that Austria reluctantly engaged in the War against Russia--secondly, that she rejoiced at the Disasters of that Warand lastly, that the French Minister was the Dupe of the Austrian-Immense Force assembled against Bonaparte - Means by which they endeavoured to shake his Power-Address of the Crown Prince~Moreau joins the Alliesthe Battle of Dresden-Death of Moreau.

THE armistice, according to nent, if it could be secured on an the belligerent powers, was to have or otherwise, to the support of the expired on the 20th of July; but allies. it was afterwards prolonged to the In this official paper the congress 20th of August: still, notwith- to be held at Prague was first men. standing this prolongation, there tioned ; and this

also was ascribed was little prospect of the adjust to the suggestion or mediation of ment of their differences. The allies Austria : the views of the imperial liaving opposed Bonaparte with at Austrian court, according to this least less disastrous results than in paper, ever since the alliance beany previous campaign, except that tween Russia and Prussia, had in Russia, were naturally full of been directed to restore the balance hope that they should ultimately 'of power, and the pacification of rescue a great part of Germany Europe. This the emperor had from his yoke." They probably declared to be his wish; and in orknew also the sentiments and feel. der to act in the character of a me. ings of Austria ; and the opinions diator, he had not only recalled his and wishes of their own subjects auxiliary forces from the French were decidedly averse to any peace army, but assembled a respectable with the French, till they were number of troops in Bohemia. driven out of that part of Germany Having thus placed himself in a which they occupied. But it was situation to be respected by both on the intentions of Austria that the belligerent parties, the emperor the allied powers endeavoured to of Austria proposed a congress at fix the hopes of their subjects; and Prague: to this proposal the French in an official paper published at emperor agreed ; and the king of Berlin after the proclamation of Prussia and the emperor of Russia the king of Prussia, to which we having likewise signified their conhave already alluded, these inten- sent, the armistice was prolonged, tions were explicitly stated to be for the purpose of affording, suffifavourable, in the first instance, to cient uime for the meeting of the the peace and repose of the conti ambassadors of the respective

powers,

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powers, and the full discussion of given in any except the French of. the important business that would ficial papers. Of the proceedings come before them. After stating at this congress we are ignorant: that the ambassadors were actually littleindeed seems to have been done; set off for Prague, the official paper and the emperor of Austria soon concludes with observing that the found that neither of the belligerent allied powers remain, in this in- parties were disposed to terminate stance, true to their purpose of hostilities on such conditions as the losing sto opportunity of procuring other would accede to. He him. to Europe a just, lasting and secure self, as well as the emperor of Ruspeace, for the restoration of which sia, and the king of Prussia, was they will labour with indefatigable naturally and laudably desirous of perseverance ; and use, for that rescuing Germany from the yoke purpose, all the means that Provi- of Bonaparte, or at least of restordence has put into their hands." ing to its independence that part

This congress was noticed in the of Germany which constituted the French official papers in language territories of the king of Prussia : which did not augur well for Bo- they also wished to guard themnaparte's wish for peace : for, while selves, as much as possible, against he announced the assembling of the future aggressions of Bonathe congress, and stated that am parte : for this purpose, it is said bassadors from the different powers that the emperor of Austria proat war would compose it, he in- posed the following terms to Boveighed in his usual bitter and in- naparte: temperate strain against England, Ist. That the duchy of Warsaw and expressly designated the Spa- should be abolished. niards by the name of insurgents. . 2nd. That the Prussian fortresses It is not, perhaps, always either should be given up to their legiti. politic or just to decide on an ad mate sovereign. versary's views and wishes by his 3rd. That Dantzic should be language; but if this rule, may be evacuated by the French troops. safely admitted in any case, it cer 41h. That Austria should be put tainly may be admitted in the case in possession of the Illyrian proof Bonaparte; and had his mind vinces. and ambition been subdued to a 5th. That Hamburgh and Lu. real desire for peace, he would bec should be restored to their inhave altered the tone of his landependence; and guage accordingly.

6th. That the confederacy of the Before the end of July most of Rhine should be dissolved. the members of the congress were

These terins were positively reassembled at Prague: Bonaparte jected by Bonaparte ; and Austria sent the count de Narbonne and immediately declared war against Caulincourt; the emperor of Rus- France. sia his privy counsellor D'Ansett; The state paper which Austria the king of Prussia baron Hum. issued on this occasion was remark. boldt; and the emperor of Austria ably long and elaborate, and drawn count Metternich. It is likewise up with great care and ability: it said that an accredited person from went back to the different wars in England was also there ; but no which Austria and France had notice of such a person was ever been engaged, and dwelt more par

ticularly

ticularly on those which had oc- have given to Europe that repose curred since Bonaparte obtained which she so dreadfully needed, the supreme power. On every oc after having been exhausted by casion the

emperor

of Austria had such long and sanguinary wars. been anxious to remain at peace: But his mediation was of no avail ; he had even made sacrifices, which his terms were rejected by the no consideration but his hope of French emperor. No alternatives preserving the tranquillity of his therefore, now remained for him own country, and of Europe, could to adopt, but to unite his forces' bave drawn from him: nothing, with those of the emperor of Russia however, which he could do, or sa- and the king of Prussia. Still, crifice, or abstain from doing; not however, he as well as they were even a ready and full compliance going to fight, not for the purposes with the demands, and an accorda of ambition or of conquest, but ance with the views, of Bonaparte, solely for the attainment of a just; were of any avail. The lament- honourable and lasting peace. able conviction was impressed on As soon as ever this could be his mind, that the object of the brought about, they would most French emperor extended to the cheerfully lay down their arms: subjugation of Europe; and that, for till it was brought about, they the attainment of that object, the would continue united in hostilities, dignity and honour of sovereigns and exert themselves to the utmost. and the tranquillity and happiness Compelled from such causes to go of their subjects must be considered to war; going to war with such an as of no moment. Still the emperor object in view, thé emperor of of Austria persevered in his at- Austria confidently expected the tempts to remain at peace; and he approbation and the good wishes resolved to submit to that sacrifice, of Europe : his cause was just, and —which was the greatest he could he doubted not it would prosper. make as a sovereign-and as a fa It would appear that Bonaparte ther, the sacrifice of his own did not expect that Austria would daughter-and the junction of his actually join the allies; and the troops with those of Bonaparte in fact was carefully kept out of the his war against the emperor Alex. French official papers for a con. ander. How reluctantly he agreed siderable length of time, till at last, to either of these measures, all who having occasion for a new conscripknew him must be convinced; and tion, the junction of Austria to the how deeply he repented having cause of the allies was stated as a agreed to them, when he saw that reason for this demand of reinforce. even they were unavailing towards ments. At the same time the corres satisfying Bonaparte, or securing the spondence between the Austrian peace of the continent, might easily and French ministers was laid bebe conceived. After the reverses fore the legislative body: it is very of the Russian campaign, he hoped long, and a great part of it very that Bonaparte would be disposed uninteresting ; but some important to peace : he had offered his me- facts may be collected from it. diation he had proposed such In the first place, it is evident terms as he thought fair and equi- from this correspondence, as well table for both parties; and which, as from the declaration of che emif they had been acceded to, might peror, that Austria very reluctantly

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consented to enter at all into the Russian campaign, that Bonaparte's war against Russia ; and that she generals seemed to have lost a porat last consented to send an aux tion of their military talents: the iliary army, only in order to avert same fact will appear in the subsethe displeasure of Bonaparte. This quent part of the German camreluctance accounts for the circum- paign; and this falling off seems stance of the command of this ar. not to have been confined to his my having been given to prince generals ; his statesmen also expeSchwartzenburg, and for the com- rienced it. It is a well ascertained parative inactivity with which its fact, that lord Walpole was in the movements and operations were neighbourhood of Vienna for seconducted. In fact, it merely ap- veral weeks before Otto, the French peared hostile; and perhaps, on ambassador there, knew the cir. the whole, it was of more disad cumstance. On the other hand, vantage than service to Bonaparte; the generals and the diplomatists for, reckoning on its co-operation, of the allied powers displayed inhe neglected, in a great measure, creased talent, activity, and zeal ; to send French troops to that part so that it seemed as if the French where it was stationed: and we public men had sunk into that state know that, when he was compelled of mediocrity in which the public to retreat, 'he complained that the men of most of the old governAustrian general had not kept open ments of Europe were at the comthe communication.

mencement of the revolution; while In the second place, it appears the public men of the allies, excited from this correspondence that the by the same cases which' had Austrian court, when Bonaparte's brought into action or generated reverses occurred in Russia, so far talent at that period, assuined the from offering or agreeing to assist original character of their oppohim, could scarcely conceal their nents. satisfaction. The Austrian minis Russia, Austria, Prussia, and ter, indeed, affects to condole with Sweden were now

to try their the French minister on the misfor strength against France; and had tunes of his master; but his condo- the result of this momentous conlence is evidently feigned.

test been anticipated and predicted Lastly, throughout the whole of solely of principally from the issue this correspondence the French mi- of all the preceding coalitions nister appears to have been the dupe against that power, it must have of the Austrian minister : we shall been looked forward to with gloom not here inquire whether he was and apprehension by every friend justified in deceiving him; we to the independence and repose of barely state the fact. The former Europe. But the cases were entertained no suspicion of the hos- widely different: the former jeatile intentions of the Austrian cabie lousies and selfishness of the allied net, till they were as clear as noon sovereigns, which rendered impo. day; while he gave implicit cre. tent their coalition, were absorbed dence to the pacific professions of in the deep and awful conviction the Austrian minister, even after that now they were fighting for those professions were belied by the their own existence: besides, in the conduct of the Austrian court. former contests, the people were

We remarked, inour account of the averse or indifferent to the cause

CE

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