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the missionary ministers and their families, and in the churches. The dangers of undue acquisitiveness, neglect of missionary work, and worldly-mindedness might be guarded against. Missions generally, certainly those that are so far advanced as the Sandwich Islands Mission, would thus cost the Board less, and do the people more good, by stimulating them early to maintain their own religious institutions. This always leaning upon America, David Malo says, is not good. If America should give way, we should break our backs. We had better learn early to stand alone.

It is upon the Hawaiian democracy mainly that the support of the Church at these Islands must henceforth depend; for with the decease of Hoapili and Kapiolani the race of godly chiefs seems to have become extinct. Few are surviving that can boast of chiefs' blood. Hoapili died without issue. The governor of Hawaii dies childless. The king and the premier (Auhea) have no offspring; nor is there a high-chief living that has a lineal heir. Most of the chief boys and girls in school at Honolulu are half-breeds, or adopted heirs, and the children of the former premier Kinau.

It is a remarkable fact, and would seem to argue somewhat of Providence and destiny, that so large a body of rulers by birthright should so soon give out. Their rapid extinction is even more manifest and significant than that of the people. Perhaps in the mysterious counsels of the Most High, their days are numbered, and the end of their existence as a nation is

If it prove to be so, it will remain to be re

near.

VISIONS OF THE FUTURE MILLENNIUM.

81

marked how the date of their depopulation and decay, like that of all the other islanders of the Pacific, and the tribes of North and South America, synchronizes with their discovery and the offer made them of the Gospel.

Through their acceptance of the latter, although they now become extinct, the prophecy will be made good, that in him (Christ) shall all nations of the earth be blessed. Redeemed unto God out of every kindred, and . tongue, and people, and tribe, and nation, there shall be some to sing, “ Thou, Lord, art worthy." With thanks and everlasting joy the ransomed Hawaiian, the Indian, the Hottentot, the South Sea Islander, the $natives of Ormus and of Ind,” shall come up to the general assembly and church of the first-born.

From every isle, from every clime they come,
To see thy beauty and to share thy joy,
O Zion! an assembly such as earth
Saw never, such as heaven stoops down to see!
Bright as a sun the sacred city shines :
All kingdoms and all princes of the earth
Flock to that light; the glory of all lands
Flows into her; unbounded is her joy,
And endless her increase. Thy rams are there,
Nebaioth, and the flocks of Kedar there:
The looms of Ormus and the mines of Ind,
And Saba's spicy groves pay tribute there.
Praise is in all her gates; upon her walls,
And in her streets, and in her spacious courts,
Is heard salvation. Eastern Java there
Kneels with the native of the farthest West;
And Ethiopia spreads abroad the hand,
And worships. Her report has travelled forth
Into all lands. Thus heavenward all things tend.

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CHAPTER IV.

THE FOOTSTEPS OF BEAUTY TRACED BY A TRAVELLER IN

NATURE, LANGUAGE, AND RELIGION.

THERE's beauty all around our paths, if but our watchful eyes
Can trace it ʼmidst familiar things, and through their lowly guise.
Yes! beauty dwells in all our paths--but sorrow too is there :
How oft some cloud within us dims the bright, still summer air !
But know that by the lights and clouds through which our pathway lies,
By the beauty and the grief alike we are training for the skies.

MRS. HEMANS.

A canoe takes us to Wailuku--Elements of the beautiful at home and abroad-Morn

ing on the mountain--Effect of natural scenery upon childhood --Curious Hawaiian etymologies--A catalogue of queer appellatives--The peculiar genius and idioms of the Hawaiian tongue-Words to be domesticated into English-Conversational uses of the native--Commendable solicitude of Hawaiians for the purity of their language--Classical discussion at an assembly of teachers---Fear of barbarous innuvations from abroad--A book of fables suggested–Their uses illustrated-Isaac Taylor on the employment of the Esopian vehicle of instruction-Notices of the Wailuku church and pastor-Resolutions for the independent support of the ministry-Praiseworthy instance of Hawaiian gratitude--Mr. Green's experiment at Makawao -Beneficial results--Reasonings of natives-Union of faith and works--Affecting tests of Christianity--Resolves of pastors preparatory to independency-Initiatory steps--Remarkable consummation in the jubilee year of the nineteenth century.

Six hours' sail by canoe along the coast of Maui, and a walk of eight miles, have brought us to Wailuku, the windward station of this island, where constitu tions debilitated by the long-continued heat and confinement of a leeward residence, find repair and health from the bracing trades and exercise on

GRAZING-GROUNDS BETWEEN THE MOUNTAINS.

83

horseback, for which latter there are more facilities in roads and horses than at any station yet visited.

The mission-houses are situated on a gently sloping plain, about half a mile from the base of an abrupt mountainous ridge, that rises in some of its peaks to the height of six or seven thousand feet. The tract is watered by a side canal from a stream that is abundantly supplied by mountains,

On whose rugged breast
The laboring clouds do often rest.

The plain looks towards the east, and slopes downward to the sea on both sides, at the north and south, being traversed by a range of sand-hills that separate East and West Maui. These were once two islands, and are now divided only by the sand and a low isthmus, daily enlarging, which, together with the tracts on each side, furnish pasturage for large herds of cattle, horses, and goats.

There is beauty here, material and moral, human and divine, on the blue sea always in sight, and on the green or sun-dried land. There is beauty within the mission-houses, and beauty abroad in the daily paths of usefulness trodden assiduously, by the laborious men and women to whom Providence has here assigned a sphere of duty, in which they cheerfully revolve. There are trials, and sorrows, and crosses, too, here, as always in the lot of man, which true piety, however, is converting daily into elements of beauty. Hence it is that we have taken the motto of this Chapter from that beautiful composition of England's Poetess, “Our Daily Paths," written in

The cheerful faith that all which we behold
Is full of blessings.

I have said there is beauty abroad; for as you look off to the east, towering up to heaven in calm majesty, there is the beautiful long mountain of Hale-a-Ka-La, or The House of the Sun. From its top, ten thousand feet above the rest of the world, the bright eye of day opens every morning with a golden glory, and sends his level beams across to the opposite range on West Maui, and aslant down the mountain's fire-worn sides, showing the cones and chasms of old volcanoes. Sometimes a snow-drift lies on its summit in the morning. Always it is there, the same great object in its quiet beauty, which from morning to morning it does one good to behold.

To rise up a little before the sun, and look out upon the azure face of that calm mountain, beautiful in its distance and repose, and lofty and vast as the Almighty made it, can hardly fail of filling a heart with joy that is at peace with God.

By half past nine or ten, clouds have drifted on to its bosom, and there they are all day long, the blue crown of the mountain alone visible above them, until nightfall, when they generally vanish or sail away, and leave it open to the beams of the moon and stars.

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