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d. 3. d. A HISTORY of BRITISH BIRDS. By the Rev. F. O. MORRIS, B.A. Fourth Edition, newly Revised,
Corrected, and Enlarged by the author. With 394 Plates, Coloured by Hand. 6 vols. super
126 0 90 0 A NATURAL HISTORY of the NESTS and EGGS of BRITISH BIRDS. Thoroughly Revised and
brougat up to date by W. B. TEGETMEIER, F.2.$. Fourth Edition, entirely Revised, Corrected,
63 0 45 0 A NATURAL HISTORY of BRITISH MOTHS. With au Introduction by W. EGMONT KIRBY, M.D.
Fifth Edition. With the Plates specially Revieed and Corrected. With 132 Plates, 1,933 distinct
Specimens, all Coloured by Hand. 4 vols. super-royal 8vo. (uniform with Mr. Morris's other works) 1260 63 0 A HISTORY of BRITISH BUTTERFLIES. Eighth Edition, newly Revised, Corrected, and Enlarged by the Author. Super-royal 8vo. with 77 Plates, Coloured by Hand
... 15 0 TRIPP (F. E.). -BRITISH MOSSES : their Home, Aspects, Structure, and Uses. With a Coloured Figure of each Species etched from Nature. Latest Edition, 1888. 2 vols. royal 8vo.
52 6 18 0 BRITISH GAME BIRDS and WILDFOWL. By BEVERLY R. MORRIS, M.D. Revised and Corrected
by W. B. TEGETMBIER, F.Z.S., Fellow of the British Ornithologists' Union. Entirely New and
30 0 FERN GROWING: Fifty Years' experience in Crossing and Cultivation, with a List of the most
important Varieties, and a History of the Discovery of Multiple Parentage, &c. By K. J. LOWE.
12 6 LOWB'S BEAUTIFUL-LEAVED PLANTS. By E. J. LOWB, F.R.S., and W. HOWARD, F.H.S.
Describing the most beautiful-leaved Plants in Cultivation in this country. Third Edition. With
... 10 6 OUR NATIVE FERNS and their VARIETIES. By E. J. LOWE, F.R.S. With 79 Coloured Plates and 909 Wood Engravings. 2 vols. royal 8vo.
42 0 21 0 PARROTS in CAPTIVITY. By W. T. GREENE, M.A. M.D. F.Z.S. With Notes on several Species by
the Hon. and Rev. F. G. DUTTON. Illustrated with 81 Coloured Plates. 3 vols. super-royal 8vo.... 37 6 24 0 BEST SEASON on RECORD, The. Selected and Reprinted from the Field. By Captain PENNELL BLMHIRST. With Illustrations, Coloured and Plain
10 6 5 0 BOWERS (G.).-HUNTING in HARD TIMES. With 20 Full-Page Coloured Plates. Oblong
12 6 50 BUCKLAND (F.).-LOGBOOK of a FISHERMAN and ZOOLOGIST. Illustrated
3 6 26 GRIMBLE (AUGUSTUS).--DEERSTALKING. Illustrated
6 0 3 0
10 6 4 6
8 6 POACHER, The CONFESSIONS of a. Edited by JOHN WATSON, F.L.S., Author of Nature and Woodcraft,' Sylvan Folk,' &c. Illustrated by James West
26 16 WEBSTBR (DAVID).-The ANGLER and the LOOP-ROD. With Coloured Plates of Trout Flies,
Minnow Tackles, Salmon Flies, Angles at which to Cast, and Minnow Bait. With Portrait of the
7 6 3 6 ANGLER'S NOTE-BOOK and NATURALIST'S RECORD, 2 vols.
12 0 5 BADMINTON LIBRARY.-ATHLETICS and FOOTBALL. By M. SHEARMAN. Illustrated. CRICKET.
By A. G. STEEL and the Hon. R. H. L. LYTTELTON. With Contributions by A. LANG, W. G.
Each 126 96
With Introduction by Mr. ANDREW LANG.. Illustrated by 80 Portraits of Eminent Cricketers,
42 0 10 6
10 6 5 0 HOUGHTON (W.).—BRITISH FRESHWATER FISHES. With a Coloured Figure of each Species
drawn from Nature by A. F. Lydon, and numerous Engravings. With Descriptive Letterpress by
... 30 0 GRIMBLE (A.).—The DBER FORESTS of SCOTLAND. Illustrated by. A. Thorburn. Large Paper (only 500 copies printed), folio
30 0 31 6
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MR. ARCHIBALD FORBES'S NEW ROOK. On JANUARY 13, demy 8vo. cloth extn, glit top, 12s. The LIFE of NAPOLEON III. By Archibald Forbes. With Photogravure Frontispiece and 38 Full-Page Illustrations.
MRS. CROKER'S NEW NOVEL. ON JANUARY 12, crown 8vo. cloth, gilt top, 8s. MISS BALMAINE'S PAST. By B. M. Croker, Author of 'Diana Barrington,' &c.
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MORE TRAMPS ABROAD. By Mark Twain, Author of 'A Tramp Abroad.'
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The LIFE of J. M. W. TURNER, R.A. BY the RISE of the RIVER. By Austin Founded on Letters and Papers furnished by his Friends and FellowCLARB. Author of For the Love of a Lass,' &c. Crown 8vo.
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LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 8, 1898. under the supposition that in primeval ages
there was a lake where the present town has CONTENTS.-No. 2.
been built. Climb one of the heights, and NOTES :- Todmorden, 21 – Judicial Longevity, 22 – Pope let the eye wander over the adjacent country; and Thomson, 23–Syntax of “ Neither," 24-Capt. Knox at a glance it will be perceived that it is a and Ceylon-- Table de communion" — Lady Elizabeth land of lofty rounded hill and deep valley, Foster - H. R. Morland, 25 - Eyre—“ On the carpet"- narrowing in some spots to a mere gorge. "M.P."-The Seventh Day, 26.
Go back in imagination to prehistoric ages, QUERIES :--" Cransbach "-"Parliamentary Language" Missing Bible–Thomas White, 21–“ Honorificabilitudini- drainage, and in the mind's eye survey the
to the days long previous to reservoir and tatibus”—“ Hide "-Augustine Skottowe-Tom Mathews, then desolate region after weeks of heavy the Clown - " Trunched ” Queries' - The Alabama Clough – Bookbinding and rainfall, or after the melting of a winter's Damp—Samuel Maverick, 28--Enigma—" The Song in the accumulated snow. Gathered on those wideMarket-place’-Plant-Names-Donne's ‘Poems'-Authors sweeping stretches of moorland mighty Wanted, 29.
volumes of water rush down three valleys, REPLIES :-St. John's Wood, 29Ernest Jones-W. Went Walsden, Dulesgate, and Burnley, not to
worth-Margaret, Countess of Richmond-Jervis-Mallett mention numberless cloughs and ravines, Family, 31– The Ring and the Book’-Sir C. Sedley, 32– and, near the spot where stands the present Gentleman Porter-Popinjay-Peckham Rye, 33–Quartown hall, the three floods mingle, and are terly Review'-"Dunter Bibliography, 34 - Arabic Star Names Rev. J. Hicks, 35 - Roman England
borne onward with torrent speed and strength Butter Charm-Mediæval Oxford' - Supporters, 36 —
down the broader Calder dale. Any banks Watchmen-Trees and the Soul-Mediæval Lynch Laws of lake that in drier season had begun to be in Modern Use, 37 — " Rest, but do not loiter”. Con- formed would be swept away by the irrestruction with a Partitive, 38.
sistible weight of waters like a common fence NOTES ON BOOKS :-Sweet's First Steps in Anglo-Saxon' wall. This state of things would continue
---Boyle's · Handbook to Thornton Abbey'-Magazines of for months, and the building up and stathe Month, &c.
bility of a lake would have been an imposNotices to Correspondents.
sibility. To this day the oft-recurring floods
à frequent source of danger to life
and property. Not many years ago mills Notes.
and cottages were wrecked and children
drowned. It was a summer thunderstorm, TODMORDEN.
and had the flood occurred an hour earlier, SOME little while ago Todmorden was in- when the men and women were at work in vested with the honour and responsibilities the factories, the loss of life would have been of a borough-mayor, aldermen, councillors, appalling. It is also well to bear in mind and town clerk now presiding over and that on the banks of the supposed mere there transacting the municipal business of the are no traces of this water in the nomenclature town. It is, perhaps, opportune at the pre- of hamlets and fields. sent time to trace the derivation and meaning Todmorden is simply the Tod-moor-dene, or of the word Todmorden, which local writers Fox-moor-valley. Tod is the archaic word for have quibbled over without arriving at a fox; the middle syllable mor is a contraction correct solution.
of moor; and dene is the Saxon valley. CenThere are few towns in the north of Eng-turies ago, and, I believe, up to comparatively land with more picturesque surroundings, recent times, foxes were abundant in this situated as it is well-nigh at the summit of neighbourhood, making this heather-skirted the border hills of Lancashire and Yorkshire valley their haunt. In almost any direction The borough of Todmorden stands mainly in the moors may be seen clothing the hillsides, the valleys of Walsden, Calder, and Burnley, as they did in days of yore; it is yet emthe last locally so known, whilst on every phatically a moorland district, the heather hand lofty precipitous heights, in some places still creeping down in a few places close to too steep for the pedestrian to climb, environ the roads of the borough. Dene, or valley, the chief portions of the town. Beyond these is very common in this part of England, and overhanging heights vast tracts of mountain enters largely into the nomenclature of the moorland stretch far away to the distant locality. It is sometimes incorrectly written horizon. The scenery on those lonely hills, dean, as in North Dean and Walshaw Dean; and in the cloughs and well-wooded glens, is and, again, it is frequently contracted to den, romantic and wildly beautiful.
as in Luddenden, Alcomden, Hebden, and There is an erroneous impression in some many other valleys. quarters that Todmorden is Tod-mere-den, Todmorden has little ancient history, having
developed into commercial importance in very Sir Hew Dalrymple of North Berwick, modern times. On the verge of the northern Bart. (1652-1737), was appointed Lord Prehills there are groups of bleak wild rocks, sident of the Court of Session in 1698, and bearing the name of Bride Stones, which held that office until his death (thirty-nine are unquestionably Druidical remains. The years). Forest of Hardwick, a hunting-ground pos
David Erskine, Lord Dun (1670-1758), was sessed by Earl Warrenne, extended on the appointed a Lord of Session in 1710, and a western border to Todmorden. What of anti- Lord of Justiciary in 1714. He retired in quity survives is found chiefly in the place- 1753 (forty-three years). names of mountain, township, valley, and John Elphinstone, Lord Coupar, afterwards stream; generally, indeed, in the natural fifth Lord Balmerino (1675-1746), was apfeatures of the country, and also in the pointed a Lord of Session in 1714, and held quaint old homesteads which are still stand- office until his death (thirty-two years). ing on the slopes of the hills.
Andrew Fletcher, Lord Milton (1692-1766), The borough coat of arms has been designed was appointed a Lord of Session in 1724, and by Mr. W. Ormerod, of Scaitcliffe Hall. It is Lord Justice Clerk in 1735. He held office not such as an antiquary would have sug- as a judge until his death (forty-two years). gested; nevertheless, it is a suitable and Sir Gilbert Elliot of Minto, Bart. (1693– excellent conception, especially when we bear 1766), was appointed a Lord of Session in in mind that it has been devised for a com- 1726, and became Lord Justice Clerk in 1763. mercial town. The artist has represented He held office until his death (forty years). the trade and manufactures of Todmorden, Alexander Fraser, Lord Strichen (died and there is one happy idea at least em- 1775), was appointed a Lord of Session in bodied in this coat of arms in linking together 1730, and held office until his death (fortythe red rose of Lancaster and the white rose five years). of York, the newly incorporated borough Henry Home, Lord Kames (1696-1782), was extending over portions of these two counties. appointed a Lord of Session in 1752, and reThe town hall stands in both Yorkshire and tired in 1782 (thirty years). Lancashire.
F. James Veitch, Lord Elliock (died 1793), was
appointed a Lord of Session in 1760, and held JUDICIAL LONGEVITY.
office until his death (thirty-three years). (See gib S. xii. 446.)
James Erskine, Lord Barjarg (died 1796), I HAVE not seen a full report of Lord was appointed a Lord of Session in 1761, and Esher's remarks on taking leave of Bench and held office until his death (thirty-five years). Bar, but I presume that in saying, “I believe
James Burnett, Lord Monboddo (1714-1799), it is the longest period of a judge being a was appointed a Lord of Session in 1767, and judge that has ever been," he meant that he held office until his death (thirty-two years). had been a judge for a longer period than John Campbell, Lord Stonefield (died 1801), any other in England—not Great Britain. was appointed a Lord of Session in 1762, and Doubtless, also, your correspondent Mr. Lord of Justiciary in 1787.
He resigned Pink refers to England only when he says the latter office, but retained the former until that Sir Thomas "Parker's tenure of the his death (thirty-nine years). judicial office is probably the longest on
Sir William Miller of Barskimming, Bart., record. Some of the senators of the College Lord Glenlee (1755-1846), was appointed a of Justice in Scotland have held office for a Lord of Session in 1795, and resigned office longer period than either Lord Esher or Sir in 1840 (forty-five years). Thomas Parker. The following examples of
Adam Gillies, Lord Gillies (1760-1842), was judicial longevity in the Court of Session- appointed a Lord of Session in 1811, and a the supreme tribunal in Scotland-may be Lord of Justiciary in 1812. In 1837 he reof interest. It will be observed that all of signed the latter office, and became a Judge these occupied the bench for a longer period of the Court of Exchequer in Scotland. He than the late Master of the Rolls. I have appears to have acted as a judge until his not gone back further than the end of the death (thirty-one years). seventeenth century.
Charles Hope, Lord Granton (1763–1851), Sir John Maxwell of Pollok (died 1732) was was appointed Lord Justice Clerk in 1804, appointed a Judge of the Court of Session in Lord President in 1811, and Lord Justice 1699, and in the same year became Lord Jus- General in 1836. He retired in 1841 (thirtytice Clerk. He was removed from the latter seven years). office in 1702, but remained a Lord of Session David Boyle (1772-1853) was appointed a until his death (thirty-three years).
Lord of Session in 1811, and Lord Justice