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drawn, and that opinion has been ever, gratified till two nights after- | lity of our ages, and my insufficiency of greatly strengthened by the perusal of wards,
when on going to bed she found fortune, and as I felt perfectly happy as I the work before us. Though this nar- upon her pillow à note from the Che was, I made an effort to conquer my scrurative of Madame D'Epinay's life is not valier de c... acknowledging him- ples, particularly as I knew that the cirentertaining from the variety or the self to be the unknown mask, and pro- by no means afluent. He began to make singularity of her adventures, yet it is fessing a most ardent passion for her. reflections, and I proposed that we should interesting, from the close and minute in relating this adventure to her cousin, continue to live as we were, which he view which it affords us of the state of the wife of the President of M. ..., agreed to. I quitted my native province, society at that period, and curious, from Madame D'Epinay says,
and followed him to Paris : I need not tell the frankness with which she avow's
He spends four You may well imagine how greatly this you how I live there. her intrigues, and from the high opi insolence displeased me.
days of the week in company with :ne: at
I reproved my other times we are content with hearing nion which she professes to entertain waiting-woman, and immediately carried of the propriety of her conduct and the the letter to my husband, not a little vexed from each other, unless when we happen to for having opened it without his knowledge and contented; perhaps we might not be
meet by chance.
We live happily purity of her inorals. It must be ac
Would knowledged in justice to Madame and confessed that he had himself dictated quite so happy if we were married. D'Epinay, that she commenced her to the Chevalier a portion of the discourse
I scarcely know where I am, interrupted I; career under unfavourable circum- which he addressed to me at the ball, I feel that it would be very long before I
I am confounded at what you tell me, and stances.
She was married when very merely for the sake of diverting himself at could accustom myself to such notions.young to a man of large fortune, my astonishment; but that the rogue Not so long as you imagine, she replied; whose understanding was contempti
(these are the very words he used) had not ble, and whose habits were dissipated ; timents, nor his intention of writing to me. made him the confidante of his tender sen
I pledge myself that you would soon find
my morality sinple enough : and you are and all her female friends (we believe
born to enjoy it. we may speak almost without excep
Unluckily, the President of M.'s wife,
Of Madaine D'Houdetot, Madame tion) were as sentimentally profligate, for her confidante upon this occasion, D'Epinay's sister-in-law, it is unne. the new lights which were then begin. was the mistress of this identical Che- cessary to speak ; her intrigues with
the Marquis de St. Lambert, and others, ning to illumine France could make valier de C....!! Want of chastity, them.
are well known. This is the lady, a indeed, in a female, appears not then to Madame D'Epinay assures us that her attachment to her husband have formed any obstacle to her admis. fair specimen of that class of French
society, whom Grimm says, was at first of the warmest, and indeed sion into society. Madame D'Arty, one of the most romantic kind, but it of Madame D'Epinay's early friends, is public qui juge séverèment ne voit very soon subsided into the most perthus described by Rousseau :
pas seulement en elle une mauvaise
iête mais une femme sans pudeur et fect indifference, and after the birth of The natural daughter of the rich Samuel her second child they agreed to a sepa- her gentleness and benevolent disposition, Bernard : a woman equally estimable for
The negotiation which preceded her ration a Thoro though not a Mensá ; they the charms of her understanding, and the marriage, affords a curious specimen of lived together in the same house, she unalterable gaiety of her temper. She was the minners of the times, but is too receiving her lovers and her philoso- the mistress, or rather the friend, the only long for our present Number. phers without any restraint, and he oc- friend, of the Prince de Conti.-(Rousseau's casionally availing himself of the supe- Confessions, Book VII.) riority of her taste in the choice of Indeed, this lady seemed to think The Hill or Caves, with other Poems, lace and other articles as presents for that so little disgrace attached to her
By Wm. Read, Esq. his mistresses. It is impossible to give situation, or rather, was so proud of an abridgment of this most extraordi- her prostitution, that she dates one of
We have in latter times received from nary piece of auto-biography; but we her letters in the following manner :
Ireland some very noble contributions will select a few anecdotes, to shew that “ A six heures du matin en rentrant de to the mind and the glory of the emwe have not spoken with unwarrantable Chez le Prince de Conti.”
pire. She has supplied us with great harshness of this lady's husband or her
Another early friend of Madame tinguished soldiers. But her produc
orators, vigorous statesmen, and disfriends. Very soon after her marriage, Ma- whom she was introduced by her hus
D'Epinay's, Mademoiselle D'Ette (to tiveness seems to have fallen into the dame D'Epinay went to a piasqued bund,) thus describes herself:
wane, and, with the exception of one ball, where she entered into conversa
name now first of the first in soldiership, tion with a person who appeared to be
About ten years ago, when I lost my Ireland has given no tribute to the so perfectly acquainted with every inci- mother, I was seduced by the Chevalier de mighty struggle in which the world has dent of her doniestic life, that she be- Valory, who had known me from my child. been involved and shaken. We hear came extremely anxious to know who confidence I reposed in him, prevented me
nothing from her beyond the victories he was: her curiosity was not, how- at first from suspecting his designs. It was of petty faction and personal discon
long before I perceived them, and when tent, the boastings of suspicious pa. * These Memoirs were originally written in his intentions were no longer doubtful, I triotism, and the menaces of vulgar inthe form of a Romance, with fictitious names, had conceived such an attachment for him, surrection. This is all melancholy; and are alluded to by Grimm, in his Correspond that I was unable to resist him. Some the crime or the folly by which such a D'Epinay enabled her to associate with the scruples arose in my mind, but he overcame state of things has been produced, may higher ranks, and her talents procured her the them by promising to marry me. He inacquaintance of most of the literati of the day, deed made several endeavours to that ef- yet, and with no long interval, deepen she had all the means of making a faithful por- fect; but observing that his family op
into fearful and tempestuous agitation. trait.
posed our union on account of the inequa- But there are still manly minds and ho
Two striking tales are introduced, with received with hospitality, and suffered His own is on the white sea-foam!
nourable hearts in Ireland. The poems Ere eve, the breeze which blew so fair,
She is borne from the prison; their to which we are about to refer are the Was hushed; the sails flapped loose, as tossed The galley idly in the air;
flight is perceived, and they are forced work of a man of talents and principle. The shadow of a tempest crossed
to fight their way. If there is a feature which attracts us The troubled deep; and, passing by, additionally to these poems, it is the Each gust was like a spirit's sigh!
They now had gained the gentler slope part of Ireland in which they were writ
Extending downwards to the deep, ten. Belfast, with a certain literary On ocean's breast a moment's brightness, Then burst the cloud which o'er them hung ;
Supporting that faint maid with hope,
They ceased to feel. From steep to steep spirit, has unfortunately intermixed Flashed far ; the pealing thunder rung
Far-flaming torches wildly leap, with this claim on history, some less 'Thwart Heaven ; each forehead reel'd with As meteors fire the midnight sky;
lightnessrespectable distinctions; and the tone
Their splendour broke the eagle's sleep,
He fled his crag, and seem'd on high of her pamphleteers and poets has been an instant roll'd each eye-ball sightless ; And darkly now, and fiercely, speeds
Some Spirit poised on dusky wing not , unfrequently tinged, at least as The impetuous blast; in foamy whiteness
In the Moon's circle hovering! much with French republicanism as Leap the mad waves, like battle steeds,
They reach the water's side; the with English loyalty. The philosophy Whose silver manes toss high and far
princess is placed in the bark, but they which in England has been so long de- Amid the sable storm of war !
have not yet escaped from the Druids, tected as the mere trick of fools and Borne wildly on the tempest's wing,
who purslie them into the waves. The villains to disguise projects of absur. The groaning pinnace rides the wave; triumphant catastrophe is told with dity and blood, is still absolutely good Now sweeps the cloud with rapid swing great animation and picturesque power : for something in the lips of those re
Now plunges to a gulphing grave:
And, though the mariners were brave, mote and simple people; and so slow is When Death thus made his visage bare,
That host was rushing thro' the water, the travel of common sense in the And fainting Hope saw nought to save
As rose the galley's swelling sail,
With blades which thirsted for the slaughter, world, that the hapless fate of Napo- The boldest eye-the sternest there
And torches waving in the gale. leon continues to be quoted as an in- Seen in the lightning's passing blaze, Looked frozen in its fixed amaze!
Kind Heaven !—they may not now avail ! stance of the cruelty of Fortune. They
But, lo! careering towards the shore,
xx111. have now however sent out a Poet, All, save young Irial's ;-sternly bright,
In white plum'd crest and glittering mail,
His charger's flank embossed with gore,and, unquestionably, the ablest their As lion's glance at hunter's spear,
A warrior madly wroth, draws near, town has produced, though he has had His seemed to catch a bolder light
And fiercely shakes his flashing spear. no tears to shed over the exile of St. He felt that feeling was not fear
From that which fir'd the hemisphere ! Helena, and no ambition to exercise in Each coming billow might o'erwhelm :
'Twas stern Siornab, Ullin's king : taking the lead in factious foolery. The When sunk the pilot in despair,
Quick seized the Bard his bow, and drew
An arrow to its point,--the string
Snapped ere the winged avenger flew;
Not so the Tyrant 'scapes his due !
A chord rent swiftly from the barp
The vessel is driven on the Irish Now twangs upon the sounding gew; train of moral sentiment with descrip-shore, where they find the Druids offer- The shaft is smooth--the steel is sharption singularly clear and characteristic.
ing up a human sacrifice. They are No more that Chief thro' blood shall roam, which we commence our extracts, less to enjoy the stranger's privilege, of not
The poem closes with a farewell of from their intrinsic beauty than from being questioned of their friendship or the Bard to the country which he was their facility of separation from the body of the work.
enmity for three days. But a nobler thus forced to abandon.
We may at a future time give further
perish is in the Druid's power, and extracts. How much is it to be desired OTHAL, who swayed the Western Isles,
“ Lismora's lovely daughter” must die, that the fine mind of Ireland should Which stud like gems the ocean foam,
to give success to an expedition then more generally be turned into this diHad turned his plumed and plaided files preparing. Her story is strikingly dis-rection ! how infinitely preferable is From Norway's hills victorious home;
closed, and the young hero determines this single effort of a man of genius, to And trophies shone in tower and dome, to liberate her.
the whole mass of her giddy hurangues And chiefs and bards were gathered far,
and paltry pamphleteering ! how much And Beauty came, in rosy bloom, 'To blush beneath the Northern star: “ Now to the prison-cave we fly."
more healthful and noble the glow As Irial and the Bard drew near, One youth from rocky Albin steers,
of this enthusiasm, than the perpetual Iler sceptre's hope of future years.
Her lily check and earthward eye
disfiguring inflammation, that only be-
trays the morbidness within, poverty O'er billows kissed by morning's dies, Like radiance breaking thro' a cloud,
of spirit, and dissoluteness of principle! With broad wings spread upon the breeze,
Rich tresses shed their sunshine there,
As wildly, mocking bands, they flow'd;
An Essay on the Origin and Operation of
the Dry Rot, with a view to its PreShall glad our sight, when Othal's towers
vention or Cure. To which are annexed, Ring loud to love and valour's praise ; The Virgin turn'd, with timid eye,
Suggestions on the Cultivation of Fo.. And harps are sweet in ladies' bowers!! Snatched quick the lamp that near her shone,
rest Trees, and an Abstract of the seveThus Irial said, az o'er the sea
Flung back her braids of orient dye,
ral Forest Laws, from the Reign of Which shrinks from all it looks upon :
Canute to the Present Time. By Ro-
bert M Williams, Architect. 4to. But winds and waves are faithless ever,
Her father's best-loved Bard-was thrown,
the first importance to us as a commercial
nation. The disease, which it is the object they decompose its fibre, and render it use then lay each brick on a pure clean surface, to prevent, or cure, makes annually the less. These plants are of various descrip- cover each with a glass jar, and place both greatest ravages in our shipping, and tions and sizes ; from a mucor, or mould, in a situation a little shaded from the solar houses, and may be considered as the bane to the large and most vigorous boletus lachry- rays, where the temperature may be from to our prosperity. This will hardly be mans. To illustrate this point we cannot do 45 to 60', taking care to supply a sufficient thought asserting too much, when it is better than to give the following extract: quantity of distilled water to each, to keep stated, that at the present time there are “ The fungi on timber, that constitute up the proper degree of moisture; in a several ships of the line, and from 20 to 30 our present subject, are very easily propa- very little tiine, that which was moistened frigates, in which it has made the most de- gated either by seed or root. The roots with the vegetable juice or stagnant water, structive progress. It has been reckoned, shooting in various directions will lay hold will be covered with a fine mould, which that the annual expense to the government, of the timber, and penetrate into the fis- will be thick or thin, tall or short, in prooccasioned by the destruction of timber, sures or cracks; in a thin substance, such portion as the water, with which it was first and the loss of labour in the necessary re as a board or plank, they will shoot in on moistened, had been impregnated with repairs, was not less than from two to three, the side in the form of roots, and come out getable matter ; while the other, which was and to the whole nation, from four to five on the other as a new plant distinct from moistened with pure water, will remain for millions sterling
the original. In this they seem to resem- any length of time without the least apUnder such circumstances it was to be ble the willow and other plants, which will pearance of mould.” p. 67. expected that many should have turned send out roots or branches from either end. Frequently the disease is communicated their attention to the subject, and accord- This is very common with the fungi. By to louses from the improper construction ingly many cures have been proposed. In the seed it propagates very rapidly on al- of drains or cesspools, into which vegetaparticular cases they may have been useful; most any vegetable substance, as may be ble matter is thrown—and all means of but like the domestic practice of popular seen and clearly proved in many different cure until these be altered, can only promedicines for diseases of the body, whilst ways. Take common earth, and bring it duce a temporary benefit. Sometimes it is the physiological structure and principles to a red heat in a crucible, so as to burn introduced into a house with saw-dust, or of action were not understood, frequent and destroy all particles of seeds that may even with the corks of bottles. An example failures necessarily followed. It is altoge- be supposed to be contained in it; then let is given in page 87 of this having taken place ther in vain to hope hy means of nostrums it cool, and lay it on a plate of metal, or a in two houses near Berkeley Square. The tu eradicate so great an evil. We are happy plain stone, adding to it a portion of mois proprietors had both purchased wine from a to observe the author of this Essay fully iure; divide it in two parts, and cover each wine merchant whose cellars were affected persuaded of this fact. He has applied him with a glass jar : upon one part strew the with the disease. The author remarks :self to investigate the economy of nature in seed or dust from the top of a fungus, “This disease is very advantageous to wine the production of vegetables ; he examines and leave the other without any further pre- merchants, as it soon covers the bottles minutely the structure of the fir and oak, paration; in a day or two, that on which with its mouldy appearance, and consumes with which we are most concerned in build- the seeds were sown, will appear as if over the external parts of the corks, so that ing, and traces the various causes from v:hich spread with a fine cobweb, when seen with a trifling operation on the bottles, diseases originate, and endeavours, upon through a magnifier, and in a few days after they are filled, and then deposited in fixed principles, to prevent the evil, or to more this will be seen to the naked eye, cellars pretty strongly affected with the dryarrest its progress after it has begun. while there will be no such appearance rot, they can send out wine as having been
The Author's plan has swelled his volume on the other, even after standing for seve- bottled 'in cellars for seven or eight years, to a great bulk, but it will be found to con- ral weeks. This experiment satisfied me before it has in fact been there so many tain a mass of matter interesting and enter- of fungi being propagated by seed. Spal- months.” taining to the general reader, as well as to lanzaní tried a similar experiment by cut The most important part of the inquiry ship-builders, or to gentlemen of fortune, ting two slices of bread, putting them under relates to the means of cure. Here the who are more immediately concerned. jars in the same way, and found double the common mistake has been to endeavour to
In the explanation of the growth of quantity of mould on that slice of bread on discover a panacea or universal remedy. plants, we observe him ascribing to a change which he had strewed the dust or seed." This is no less absurd than the preposterous of temperature, the principal cause of the p. 59.
attempts made to find such a medicine for rise of the sap. The air in tlie tubes being Matter containing the seeds of fungi is the human frame. It is necessary to asexpanded rises up, and forces the sap be- often brought in the form of rubbish in con- certain the cause of the contagion, and to fore it; and there being innumerable valves tact with the bricks or wond of a building. remove it, in order to prevent a recurrence to prevent its return, the process goes on. In the mixing up of mortar, water is often of the same evil. When the disease has
In opposition to Sir Humphrey Davy, brought from stagnant pools ; and one pail originated in the materials, as the bricks Mr. Knight, and indeed to most preceding full may contain millions of particles, sus- and timbers, and has' not made great prowriters, our author denies any specific ef- ceptible of germination, when deposited on gress, the infected parts must be removed, fect from light in producing vegetation, and a favourable soil. Such seeds after lying and sound materials introduced. contends, with a considerable show of rea- dormant for many years may be made to “ Where the cause is putrescent vapour son, and from a number of experiments, vegetate.
from other corrupting matter, such matter that in all cases where light has been sup The seeds of fungi are embodied in other must be removed, and the situation thoposed to have effect, it arises entirely from vegetable matter, which our author proves roughly cleansed, and the air rendered pure, à change of temperature produced by the by the following experiment :
dry, and susceptible of continual motion, solar rays; and he maintains, that if an “ Take two well-burnt bricks from the or passing in a current through every part equal degree of heat, with an equal supply interior of a brick kiln, when no vegetable of the building. And it is of the first imof fresh air, could be afforded, the effect matter can have come in contact with them portance, that in all cases, edifices be conwould be the same. Our limits will not since they were thoroughly burnt; to one structed in such a manner, as to admit of permit us to enter into the details, and we of these add a portion of distilled water the common air shifting its place with faci. must refer to the work itself.
sufficient thoroughly to moisten the whole lity, that it may not by being stagnant acThe great enemy of timber, whether brick; let the other brick be moistened quire a fermenting heat, or accumulate vagrowing or cut down, is a numerous tribe with the juice of any vegetable, such as po'ır impregnated with particles of the surof plants, denominated Fungi : equally pa- that of cabbage leaves, either green or rounding materials.” rasitical with the more celebrated misletoe boiled, or lay it for a few minutes on the The position of the fireplace, particularly of the Druids, they fix their roots in the edge of such a pond as before mentioned, in the lower parts of the building, is a matsubstance of the wood, and drawing from it that it may receive the stagnant water to ter of great consequence, in order to produce a constant supply for their own growth, moisten it equally with the other brick; 1 an uniform circulation of air. In the con
struction of the walls, the anthor strongly Prevention is always better than the cure, policy of building ships in India are much recortichtls the adviec of Vitruvius and and particularly where cure is very dilli- inore convincing, if not absolutely concluAlberti, that there should be an open space c:īlt, doubtful, or expensive. The proper sive on that point; which is certainly of from the top to the botton, through which seasoning of timber is of the greatest im- great importance. any vapour that could collcct, might pass portance. Small young tinber is very sub
The style of a work of this description is withont damaging the works. Such a plan jeet to infection. Mr. Î•William strongly an inferior consideration, on which account possesses the additional recommendation recominends felling timber in winter before we have onitted to point out various bleof interposing a column of air, the the rise of the sap.
In the summer, after mishes and provincialisms which have ornonconductor of heat, consequently like the the sap has risen, if the tree be cut down, curred to us in reading it.
In quoting double windows in Russia, and in the West its tubes are full’of the juices not yet con- poetry the author is not rery happy in his Indics, favourable to coolness, by not in- rerted into timber
. The consequence, if taste ; for instance, page 306 : troducing the external heat in summer; it be exposed to wet, is, that a fermenta
“ Let sons of sloth and discord fret, and in winter promoting warmth, by not tion takes place, and dry rot ensues. It
Because despised and poor; carrying off the leat from the internal of was formerly the practice to fell wood in And for misfortunes blaine the State, the building. One of the inost reinarkable winter, and it is only since the use of oak Which they themselves procure." examples of this principle, is the celebrated bark in tanning, that wood has been cut boundary-wall of China. Whilst the free down in the spring, when the bark is more
The importance of the subject will exadmission of fresh air is of the utmost im- easily stripped off. After timber is felled cuse the length of our remarks, and we disportance, particularly in drying the walls it ought to be plunged in water, and remain miss the work with hearty wishes, that it of a new building, and is often success for a length of time, that all the juices not may prove of use in cradicating so gre ful in eradicating dry-rot after it has converted into timber, may be drawn out evil as that on which it treats. comenced ; yet, whoever takes upon This mode is usual in Italy, Sweden, and himself the responsibility of remedy- Norway. ing this disease, onght to ascertain the go Salt water is not so beneficial as fresh in veral state of the building, and the means of extracting the juices, and is attended with
VOYAGE TO THE CONGO. communication from one part to another. this serious disadvantage, that the salt left (Captain Tuckry's Narrative continued.) When air is improperly administered to re- in the timber attracts moisture, and renders getable dry rot, it has a similar effect as the wood ever after damp..
On the 28th of August, Captain T. wlien applied to fire ; it invigorates its
The animal dry-rot occasioned by worins was diverted from his purpose of propowers. By admitting air injurliciously, is to be cured by imprégnating with oil, ceeding to Mavoonda to purchase camany princely mausiours have been destroyed.
sulphat of alum, metallic salts, &c. to de- noes to ascend the river, by an assur
stroy the insects. Timber most liable to decay is that which
ance of the Macayo, that instead of beis alternately wet and dry. "Hence those of disproportionate length, being 200 pages, obstructed at a day's journey by a fall
Attached to the volume is an Appendix ing free above that place, it was again parts of a wooden bridge iminediately which had more properly been given in the named Sangalla. To ascertain the truth abore the surface of the low-water mark, form of a second volune or part. An alare found to rot; whilst those constantly count is given of the forests of the United of this intelligence, he set out from Inga, abore water, and those constantly im
Kingdom, their great diminution, the in- taking only Mr. Galwey and four men, mersed, continue sound.
creasing demand for timber, and the ne- with a short day's provisions, the It is astonishing Irow long wood will last cessity of converting onr hills and commons cases of preserved meat being now when constantly below water. The piles into plantations of trees. Our author on their only resource. Passing the valley supposed to have been driven into the Thames tertains a dread still more vehement than of Bembi, they ascended soint steep by Julius Cæsar, near Shepperton, werc tiken
пр a few years ago, and found free Corn Bill, lest this country should becoine bills totally composed of broken pieces ftorn decay. The pites on which London dependent on foreign nations for an article of quartz, fariguing, and resem:bling at Bridge is supported, have remained unin- of pure necessity. There is, however, newly made limestone road. At sunjüred for 600 years.
little risk of our being abic to procure set tiiey reashed Sangalla, which is A.still more remarkable instance is that sufficient wood, whilst we maintain our about ien miles above Javconda. llere nube. About the middle of the last cen- of the supply for one season or two would r.cks, lariny only in passage om tie of the Bridge built by Trajan over the Da- naval preeminence, and the diminution the river is crossed by a ledge of slate tury, the Emperor of Germany obtained not operate like the cutting off of the staff left lank abone fifty yards wide, througlı perinission of the Turkish Governinent to of life. draw out one of the piles, and it was found
which the streann pours at the rate of
It does not appear evident, froin tlre reaas sound and complete as when first driven, soning employed, that it would be advanta- at least eight miles an hour, forming although it had been in the Danube 1600 geous to convert valuable land into forests whirlpools in the middle, whose vortices years.
of trees; and it is very questionable, if the occupy half the breail:h, and must be In fact, whatever renders the parts of the fair promises of profit held out by our an- fatal in any canue. Two miles kwer wood compact and solid, and prevents the thor's calculations, would be realized in the river breaks quite across over anocirculation or fermentation of its juices, planting the barren hills and moors. Still
, ther sunken ledge. Above, it forms it preserves it. Hence impregnating wood | however, employing the poor and indus- wide esparse east and west, but filled with oil or with salt, metallic oxyds, parti- trious in this manner
, may be commendable; with rocky islets. Its breadth, howcularly of iron, is found very beneficial.
Charring timber for piles, in preventing be had. It is infinitely preferable to main ever, moderates the velocity of the external infection, is extremely serviceable: taining them in the workhouse, or by out- current, so that it is navigable for cathough not applicable in many cases, yet door allowances. Property laid out in this noes, as is testified by a ferry two miles in piles driven into the ground, or the ends mariner would afford much enjoyment to higher up. of joists, girders or bond timbers, it has a thé landed proprietor, it would improve the
Our little party marched on in quest good effect. The charred part of the wood picturesque beauty of his estate, and would is not subject to decomposition, and being uring him much more real permanent satis- of a banza, through a dark wood, the intèrposed between the rest of the wood faction than sported away at Newmarket, haunt of buffaloes. The guide lost his and wet, keeps it uninjured. Paint operates or spent in the luxuries or vices of London. way; and, choked with thirst, and sinkin the same way.
The author's arguments respecting the ling under privations, they were come
ANALYSIS OF THE JOURNAL DES SAVANO
FOR FEBRUARY 1818.
pelled to crawl through a thick under- pean in their features. This, one would wood, and grass twice their own height, naturally conjecture, arises from the Portuto the haunt of some bushmen, from guese having mixed with them; and yet whose wives they procured water (a
there are very few mulattoes among them.
The creeping plants serve for cordage; strong chalybeate,) but could obtain no
some of which are not less than six inches Art. IV. The Olympian Jupiter. By M. victuals. Their cold and wretched bi- in diameter. Fleas and bugs swarm in all Quatremere de Quincy. vouac was a bad consequence to the the huts. A great scarcity of wood fit for toils of a day which had literally soked building, prevails in this country. The Second anul concluding_Article on that interesting
.) their very clokes with perspiration.stony hills about this part are thinly clad
We hasten to the fourth part, which that the river, after rounding a banza fuel; in many places they resemble an old treats of Chryselephantine Statuary in the apple-orchard.
time of Pericles ; that ever memorable named Yonga, had another Sangalla
The mornings are calm. The breeze period, which gave birth to the noblest masworse than the first, two days higher sets in from the westward at noon, and is terpieces of every
kind. up, and that after a short reach to the proportionably strong to the heat of the
By a happy chance, this period, which eastward, it again ran to the south and day, and, when the sun has been very hot, was to become so remarkable in the annals turned back to the north. After eat- continues strong during the night; the of sculpture, was precisely that in which ing a amall portion of roasted manioc days and nights however are both very the most famous temples in Greece were for breakfast, the party set out on its cloudy, so that it is impossible to get any rebuilt on a larger scale, and in the bold observation even in three or four days.
and simple style which characterizes the way to Inga. The heat was dreadful,
The hoop by which they ascend the palm- Doricorder without base, which was employand the pains of their situation were tree is formed of a most supple twig. ed in the temples of that epoch. There were much augmented by the difficulty of The idea of civilizing Africa by sending built alınost at the same time, the temples procuring provisions. They saw great out a few negroes educated in England, ap- of Minerva at Athens ; of Ceres at Eleusis ; numbers of deer of two different spe- pears to be utterly useless ; the little know of Juno at Argos; of Apollo Epicurus at cies, one an antelope, the other a large ledge acquired by such persons having the Phigalia ; those of Syracuse, Selinuntium, animal of the deer kind, in a herd of same effect on the universal ignorance and and Agrigentum, in Sicily. At the same tiine
barbarism of their countrymen, that a drop that the temples were enlarged, they were from thirty to forty. of fresh water would have in the ocean.
also built of more costly materials; stone They were now convinced of the im
and marble succeeded to wood. When ar
The scarcity of food is great at this time : chitecture had displayed within and withpracticability of penetrating with any The sole subsistence of the people being out the luxury of ornament and greatness number of men by land along the manioc, either raw, roasted, or made into of style, sculpture was required to make sides of the river with its deep ravines Cocngo, and of this they have by no means an its works harmonize with the place destined and torrents, and without the possibi- abundance, and a very few green plantains. to receive them. Then arose the custom of lity of procuring provisions.
A bitter root (a sort of Yam,) which requires making statues of gold and ivory, of which On the 30th and 31st, an attempt cious quality, is also much eaten.
four days boiling to deprive it of its perni- Phidias appears to have given the first and was made to procure canoes at Voonda, dolence of the men is so great, that if a
The in- the finest models. but in vain. Captain T. was therefore man gets a few beads of different colours,
As a prelude to his great works, we sec compelled to send to Cooloo, with an he stops at home (while his wife is in the this artist execute the Minerva Alea of order to Mr. Fitzmaurice to return to field picking up wood, &c.) to string them, Platæa, a statue of wood gilt, except the the ship with fifteen men, who could placing the different colours in every kind face, the feet, and the arms, which were of
Pentelic marble, and the Minerva of Pelnot be fed there any longer; and with of way till they suit his fancy.
lene, of gold and ivory, which seems to his party thus reduced, the persevering This is African dandyism.
have been of colossal size. The Minerva Commander resolved to proceed to
They have songs on various subjects,
of the Parthenon, and the Olympian JuBamba Yanzy, three days journey up love, war, palm-wine, &c They have no
piter, were made within a short time of the river, where report said it ceased to other arms, except knives, and a few mus
each other. What is the precise date of be obstructed with rocks or cataracts. kets ; no shot, but small rounded stones ;
each of those masterpieces, and which of All the following Journal consists of a piece of quartz makes a good flint. They two questions connected with some circum
the two preceded the other? These are mere short notices ; previous to abridg- of narcotic herb. They make good' lines stances of the administration, or if we will, ing which, we copy some general re
the reign of Pericles. M. Quatremere marks on the Empire of Congo.
clears up this point of chronology, and
The palm-wine is obtained by inci- proves, contrary to the opinion of Heyne, Where there are neither written annals, sion a little above the insertion of the that the Minerva was executed between legends, nor ancient national songs, nor lowest branch or leaf. Their calabashes the 83d and 85th Olympiads ; that Phidias chronology beyond a month, the history of for this liquid, for the dust of dried to- Plutarch asserts, but that, being forced to
did not die in the prison of Athens, as The only idea I have been able to obtain of bacco leaves, and for all household pur- go into banishment in consequence of the the Congoese history, is, that Congo once poses, are cut in rude relief. The ca accusation brought against him for having formed a mighty Empire, the chief of noes are made high up the country, engraved his own portrait and that of which had three sons, between whom he and are not very dear, though they Pericles on the shield of Minerva, he retired divided his dominions at his death, giving cost a man three months labour.
to Elis, where he executed the Jupiter at: to one the upper part of the river on both sides as far as Sangalla ; to a second, the notes, which mark the fatal eighteen M. Quatřemere proceeds to examine and
We have now arrived at the rough
Having settled this chronological point,
to the third, the right bank, Banzy unfortunate Expedition struggled ; and
He employs the 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, nation, having no national physiognomy, breaking off, we defer further observa- Parthenon, of which he examines the form, and many of them perfectly South-Euro- tions till our next.
the dimensions, and the ornaments. The